Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 652
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Aritzi S - - 1989
The hostile personality characteristic of dominance was shown to be significantly lower in a group of 34 male patients with essential hypertension than in a general illness control group (n = 17) in the USA. This replicates a previous finding from research in Greece into this and other conditions of ...
Fariello R - - 1989
Reduced parasympathetic activity has been reported in essential hypertension. Converting enzyme inhibition seems to increase parasympathetic tone. In order to evaluate the effects of enalapril on parasympathetic control of heart rate, the authors studied ten mild-to-moderate essential hypertensive patients (7 F, 3 M), treated for 2 weeks with placebo and ...
Grossman E - - 1988
The hemodynamic effects of 3 months of nitrendipine therapy were evaluated in 14 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. Nitrendipine reduced systolic and diastolic pressures from 145 +/- 4/95 +/- 3 to 119 +/- 3/78 +/- 2 mm Hg, respectively, (p less than 0.001) through a fall in total ...
Kraft K S - - 1988
Evidence suggests that altered central adrenergic and opioidergic activities are involved in the elevated blood pressure of patients with essential hypertension. In the present study plasma concentrations of the opioid peptide beta-endorphin were significantly lower at rest in young subjects with essential hypertension and high plasma noradrenaline (n = 9) ...
Midtbø K - - 1988
In a prospective, open study 45 patients (mean age fifty-three years) with essential hypertension were treated with verapamil for four to eight years (mean 5.3 years). Blood pressure was satisfactorily controlled (from 160/104 to 145/91) and the side effects were infrequent, mild, and often transient. Verapamil did not exert any ...
Kjeldsen S E - - 1988
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intravenous infusion of small amounts of epinephrine on haemodynamics, renal electrolyte excretion and blood platelets in essential hypertension. Arterial plasma epinephrine concentrations were increased during the infusion to approximately 2.5 nmol/l both in a group of 40-year-old men with untreated ...
Pontremoli S - - 1988
The calpain-calpain inhibitor system was evaluated in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension and normotensive controls, either with or without a family history of hypertension. Calpain levels were similar in the controls and hypertensive patients, whereas the inhibitor activity level was significantly reduced in the latter (301.8 +/- 26.4 vs ...
Sternbach G - - 1988
Claude Beck described two triads of clinical findings which he found constituted the essential components of acute and chronic cardiac tamponade. The first of these triads consisted of hypotension, an increased venous pressure, and a quiet heart. It has come to be recognized as "Beck's triad," a collection of findings ...
Warley A R - - 1988
Thirty men (aged 35-65) with untreated essential hypertension (BP greater than or equal to 140/90), confirmed by 24-h ambulatory monitoring, had overnight recordings of arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) in their own homes. The overnight saturation records were compared with those from a group of 30 normotensive control subjects matched for ...
Fancher R D - - 1988
Using American Optical Vectographs and a Disparometer, vertical fixation disparities and associated phorias were measured on 19 essential hypertensives and 19 matched normotensives. Subjects were matched on the basis of race, sex, age, use of tobacco, and family history of hypertension. Correlated variance comparisons of the measured associated phorias and ...
Foster S - - 1988
A 74-year-old woman with essential hypertension underwent a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for the treatment of psychotic depression. Her treatments were associated with delayed and significant hypertension. Clonidine, which controlled her baseline blood pressure, was inadequate in treating her post-ECT hypertension. Acute treatment with hydralazine also failed. Labetalol, a ...
McVeigh G E - - 1988
Platelet free intracellular calcium levels were measured during a double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel study to investigate the antihypertensive activity of 50 micrograms, 125 micrograms, and 500 micrograms cyclopenthiazide, in mild essential hypertension. Cytosolic free calcium levels were significantly higher in established hypertensive patients (135 +/- 28 nmol/l, P less than 0.001) ...
Hugue C J - - 1988
1. The ratio between ankle (ASP) and brachial (BSP) systolic pressures was studied using Doppler ultrasound in 66 male subjects, 33 with sustained uncomplicated essential hypertension and 33 age-matched normal controls. 2. Based on covariance analysis, the ASP-BSP relationship was significantly different in the two populations, the ASP/BSP ratio (mean ...
Pechán J - - 1988
The acute haemodynamic effect of metoprolol was investigated in 14 patients with essential hypertension (7 of the WHO stage I, 7 of stage II). The evaluated parameters include the mean arterial blood pressure (MBP), heart rate (HR), cardiac index (CI), total peripheral resistance (TPR) and capillary blood flow of the ...
O'Neill P - - 1988
A prospective study in which the effect of the post-ictal systemic blood pressure levels on the outcome following surgically treated aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) in 325 patients is reported. No differentiation was made between pre-existing essential and prolonged reactive hypertension. A significant association was found between the trend for rising ...
Kandiah D - - 1988
When a 35-year-old man with essential hypertension was treated with antibiotics for brucellosis his blood pressure rose significantly. While all other treatment was kept constant rifampicin was discontinued. On rechallenge rifampicin did not alter serum concentrations of enalapril or the area under the curve (AUC) between 0 and 7 h, ...
Tokar A V - - 1988
Blood and urine prostaglandin content was studied in normal humans and in arterial hypertension patients aged 25-74 years (by radioimmune method), exploring also hemodynamic indices (by stain dilution method). It was found that with age even in case of normal indices the blood 'humoral pressor potential' tends to rise. In ...
Reid J L JL Department of Materia Medica, University of Glasgow, - - 1988
Hypertension, both essential and experimental is characterised by increased vascular resistance. This is in part structural, due to increases in the wall-to-lumen ratio secondary to vascular hypertrophy; however, functional increases in responses to neurohumoral stimuli also occur. The latter may be a consequence of hypertrophy or if a selective increase ...
Tochikubo O - - 1987
The characteristics of 24-hour blood pressure variation in hypertensive patients were assessed using new indices of variability. Blood pressure of 43 inpatients with essential hypertension was measured using a portable device without disturbing daily behaviors. Variances in systolic and diastolic pressure values obtained for a day (SDd2), and short-term (SDh2) ...
Lund-Johansen P - - 1987
The greater sensitivity of echocardiography than electrocardiography has revealed left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to occur in a significant minority of patients with systemic hypertension, with the exact prevalence dependent both on how a population is selected and on the sex. race, and possibly age composition of its members. LVH is ...
Wehling M - - 1987
The characteristics of the increased calcium (Ca) influx observed in metabolically depleted red blood cells (RBCs) of hypertensive patients were investigated. Twenty-four normotensives, 16 untreated essential hypertensives, and 10 essential hypertensives under sufficient blood pressure control by 50-100 mg/day atenolol were studied. Free intracellular concentrations of Ca, sodium (Na), and ...
Riozzi A - - 1987
The metabolism of phosphoinositides was investigated in erythrocyte membranes of essential hypertensive patients, normotensive offspring of hypertensive patients and matched controls. Measurement of 32P-labelling of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate revealed no differences in the rate of incorporation of the isotope in essential hypertensive patients compared with controls. In the ...
Klein M D - - 1987
Sustained-release diltiazem (D-SR) and sustained-release verapamil (V-SR) when given twice a day have been successfully used to treat both essential hypertension and angina pectoris. Review of available studies indicates that 120 to 180 mg D-SR twice a day and 240 mg V-SR once or twice a day can lower diastolic ...
Jamison J R - - 1987
Chiropractors share the responsibility of primary contact practitioners for hypertension case management. Once mild essential hypertension has been diagnosed, the patient may be placed on either a dietary or drug antihypertension regime. The effectiveness of various dietary interventions in the management of hypertensive patients is discussed, and recommendations for the ...
Safar M E - - 1987
Blood pressure, volume distensibility (VD), and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the brachial artery were studied using pulsed Doppler systems in 51 patients with sustained essential hypertension in comparison with 21 normotensive controls of the same age. In hypertensive patients, in baseline conditions, CSA was significantly increased and VD decreased--the two ...
Sugai Y - - 1987
The effects of the rapid infusion of large doses of dibutyryl cyclic AMP (DBcAMP) were studied to clarify the clinical usefulness of its vasodilating action in 32 middle-aged patients, who underwent various types of surgery and developed systolic hypertension of over 160 mmHg during general anaesthesia. DBcAMP was given i.v. ...
Nakamura R - - 1987
The effect of calcium supplementation on blood pressure was studied in three groups: eight normotensive subjects, 14 borderline essential hypertensive subjects, and 11 established essential hypertensive subjects (EEH). All subjects were outpatients and were given 6 g of calcium lactate (779 mg of elemental calcium) daily for 16 weeks. In ...
Tochikubo O - - 1987
Nonrestricted blood pressure recording was performed invasively or noninvasively, using new portable devices, for a period of 24 hours in 4 patients with essential hypertension before and after 6- to 17-day treatment with ramipril at an initial dosage of 1.25 mg daily. Ramipril produced a steady decrease in blood pressure ...
Bovee K C - - 1987
The presence of hypertension in domestic animals is poorly described. Values for hypertension were established in dogs using a direct blood pressure measurement. A protocol was devised to recognize and characterize primary (essential) and secondary hypertension. Essential hypertension was associated with marked elevations in blood pressure and can be shown ...
Lechi C - - 1987
Erythrocyte membrane Na+,K+-ATPase activity was measured using a bioluminescence technique in 28 hypertensive patients (24 with essential hypertension, 2 with renovascular hypertension and 2 with hypertension secondary to primary hyperaldosteronism) and in 28 normotensive control subjects matched for age and sex. Erythrocyte Na+,K+-ATPase activity was significantly reduced in the patients ...
Bloomfield R L - - 1987
A 31-year-old obese man with essential hypertension developed progressive optic disc edema despite mild-to-moderate elevations of his blood pressure. Neurologic evaluation, including cranial axial tomography, nuclear magnetic resonance scan, and lumbar puncture, was unremarkable. Further evaluation revealed that the patient had sleep apnea syndrome. In contrast to the few patients ...
Weiss Y A - - 1987
The hemodynamic changes caused by ketanserin, an anti-hypertensive agent with S2-serotonergic receptor and alpha 1-adrenoceptor blocking properties, are reviewed in patients with essential hypertension. The hemodynamic profile associates a decrease in total peripheral resistance, an unchanged cardiac output, and a modest reflex cardiac stimulation. Whether the drug reverses the other ...
Zidek W - - 1987
In essential hypertension and in the spontaneously hypertensive rat, there are indications for a yet unidentified vasopressor agent which may play an important role in pathogenesis. It has been demonstrated in the spontaneously hypertensive rat by parabiosis, cross-circulation, cross-transplantation of kidneys and by injection of hypertensive plasma fractions. In plasma ...
Safar M E - - 1987
Reduced aortic distensibility and compliance may participate in the genesis of cardiac hypertrophy in hypertension. In patients with borderline hypertension, indices of aortic distensibility are often altered, but are poorly related to the degree of septal hypertrophy, which is considered to be a marker of cardiac hypertrophy in this particular ...
Surya Prabha P - - 1987
Blood samples from 257 hypertensive patients and 180 normotensive controls were analysed for their association with haptoglobin levels and phenotypes. Compared to controls, patients with Hp 2-2 phenotype showed a significantly increased risk for essential hypertension (p less than 0.001) and hypertension associated with ischaemic heart disease (p less than ...
Leschke M - - 1987
Blood rheology was studied in 50 patients with a long history of essential hypertension, together with severe left heart hypertrophy (mass-volume relationship greater than 1.6) and angina pectoris, as well as in 17 patients with renoparenchymal hypertension. The rheologic findings were compared with those of 34 normotensive patients in whom ...
Umeda T - - 1987
The plasma levels of a sodium pump inhibitor (Na+ PI) were measured by a modified method of Hamlyn et al, using dog kidney Na+, K+-ATPase. When the level of Na+ PI was expressed as the % inhibition of the enzyme and compared with that of a control solution, it was ...
Mongeau J G - - 1987
This paper presents a review of the genetic transmission of normal blood pressure and of essential hypertension. Familial aggregation of normal blood pressure has been reported in adults, in children and even in newborns. Blood pressure aggregation phenomenon, however, is the result of both a genetic component and shared environmental ...
Frithz G - - 1987
22 patients with untreated, essential hypertension (diastolic blood-pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg) and in most cases also showing neurological symptoms were given a single oral dose of 400 mg labetalol. All patients displayed a gradual decrease of the blood-pressure down to a diastolic pressure about 110 mmHg ...
Cole B R - - 1987
The atriopeptins are newly discovered cardiac-derived peptides whose observed actions suggest a role in volume homeostasis and blood pressure regulation. Studies in animal models are underway to pinpoint pathogenetic mechanisms involved in the evolution of hypertension, some of which may well be shared by humans with "essential" hypertension. Preliminary observations ...
Balazovjech I - - 1987
During three-month therapy with small doses of guanfacine (Estulic Sandoz) that were sufficient to control blood pressure in patients with stage II essential hypertension and led to a decrease in excretion of noradrenaline and vanillylmandelic acid, the authors found a decrease in the level of blood cholesterol in patients with ...
Shionoiri H - - 1987
The pharmacokinetics and depressor effect of a nonsulfhydryl angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, delapril, was assessed by administering a single dose of 30 mg to nine patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. Orally administered delapril is a prodrug and must be deesterified to its active metabolites, delapril diacid and 5-hydroxy delapril ...
Puri V N - - 1987
The present study was aimed to examine the excretory urinary Anti Diuretic Hormone (ADH) pattern in five normotensive and ten hypertensive human subjects. It was observed that Essential hypertensive subjects excreted higher urinary ADH 8.03 +/- 1.17 mU/hr as compared to 3.60 +/- 0.72 mU/hr the difference between the two ...
Slaughter J B JB - - 1986
Essential hypertension (EH) in dogs is a relatively recently reported phenomenon. In this colony the canine disorder follows family lines and has a probable polygenic mode of inheritance, although the specific mode of inheritance has not been defined since an autosomal dominant trait has not clearly been ruled out. Direct ...
Bovée K C - - 1986
The objective of this project is to characterize a genetically determined model of essential hypertension in dogs. A pair of unrelated dogs with essential hypertension were identified. Breeding of these dogs and back-cross matings have resulted in 24 offspring, approximately half of which have essential hypertension (systolic blood pressure 170 ...
Beuckelmann D - - 1986
The effect of antihypertensive treatment with 6-12 mg of the loop diuretic piretanide over 12 weeks on Na+-Li+ countertransport, and on extra- and intracellular electrolyte composition was studied in 10 previously untreated patients with essential hypertension. These data were compared with 10 sex- and age-matched controls. Blood pressure fell from ...
Frydman A M - - 1986
Pharmacokinetics of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and brachial arterial hemodynamics have been studied in 15 patients with sustained essential hypertension. The hemodynamic study was performed by using a pulsed Doppler device enabling evaluation of the diameter of the brachial artery with an error of less than 10%. After intravenous administration until ...
Safar M E - - 1986
An indirect approach for the study of the changes in the incremental circumferential modulus (E) of the brachial artery after arteriolar vasodilatation was undertaken in patients with sustained essential hypertension. The product of E and the thickness (h) of the arterial wall was evaluated by means of the Moens-Korteweg equation ...
Ventura H O - - 1986
Systemic haemodynamics, plasma catecholamine levels and diurnal variation of arterial pressure were studied in a 20-year-old patient with hypertension during Guillain Barré syndrome after complete resolution of the illness. Transient arterial hypertension during the course of Guillain Barré syndrome is characterized by an increased total peripheral resistance associated with elevated ...
Laufer E - - 1986
The prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in human essential hypertension is uncertain. Echocardiography was used to calculate left ventricular wall thickness (WT), relative wall thickness (t/r) and left ventricular mass (LVM) in 52 normal subjects, 30 patients with borderline hypertension and 33 untreated patients with essential hypertension. In 52 ...
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