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Edwards Louisa L International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. - - 2008
Hypertension and risk for hypertension have been associated with reduced pain sensitivity. It has been hypothesised that endogenous opioids contribute to this hypertensive hypoalgesia. The nociceptive flexion reflex can be used as a tool to investigate modulation of nociceptive transmission at spinal level. The current study employed a double-blind placebo-controlled ...
Friso Simonetta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lower activity of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11beta-HSD2) classically induces hypertension by leading to an altered tetrahydrocortisol- versus tetrahydrocortisone-metabolites (THFs/THE) shuttle. Recent cell culture and animal studies suggest a role for promoter methylation, a major epigenetic feature of DNA, in regulation of HSD11B2 expression. Little is known, however, of ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2008
AIM: Available evidence on multiple target organ damage (TOD) in the early phases of essential hypertension is scanty. We examined the prevalence and correlates of multiple TOD in never-treated patients with recently diagnosed hypertension. METHODS: A total of 602 consecutive outpatients with grades 1 and 2 hypertension underwent the following ...
Ayerden Ebinç Fatma - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The existence of microalbuminuria (MAU) in patients with essential hypertension is a strong indicator of microvascular damage. Although endothelial dysfunction and increased vascular permeability both have a role in the development of MAU, its ethiopathogenesis in hypertensive patients is not yet clearly understood. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is ...
Pace M - - 2007
The L-PAM-ILP procedures under true hyperthermal regime (41.5-41.8 degrees C) require both close control of the physical parameters of the treatment (temperatures profiles and time duration, artero-venous pressure, perfusate flow rate) and medical rationale (drug, dosage, fractioning, timing). All the above essential procedures must be supported by rigorous methodology, reliable ...
Savitha M R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To detect prevalence of essential hypertension in early and mid adolescents and to identify various risk factors. METHODS: Blood pressure was recorded in 503 apparently normal school students in 10 to 16 yr age group as per standard guidelines. Detailed clinical examination was done in all cases. A detailed ...
Tan Jing - - 2007
The extracellular matrix is vital for maintaining tissue integrity, and the matrix metalloproteinases/tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (MMPs/TIMPs) system is involved in the regulation of extracellular matrix metabolism. Extracellular matrix turnover plays an important role in the change of large arterial mechanical properties in hypertension. However, the association of the metalloproteinase-9/tissue ...
Pirro Matteo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) differentiate into mature endothelial cells and regenerate the injured endothelium. The role of homeobox A9 (HOXA9) is critical for endothelial commitment during progenitor cell maturation, postnatal neovascularization and vascular repair. The objective of our study was to measure the expression of HOXA9 in CD34+ ...
Benndorf Ralf A RA Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany. - - 2007
: Hypertension is a cardiovascular risk factor commonly associated with endothelial dysfunction and increased renal vascular resistance. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) may beneficially affect these parameters via antagonism of angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor-mediated vasoconstriction and vascular superoxide production. We therefore investigated whether the new ARB telmisartan improves endothelial function ...
Qin Chun Chang - - 2008
Blood pressure usually rises with age and most patients with essential hypertension are the elderly people. From the standpoint of physiology, the benefit of increasing blood pressure is to provide adequate oxygenation and nutrition to the brain and other critical organs. They suggest the rise of blood pressure is a ...
Tekten Tarkan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine how N-terminal pro brain-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels correlate with cyclic variation of integrated backscatter (CVIBS) as a reflection of abnormal diastolic function in hypertension. PATIENTS: Forty essentially hypertensive patients were studied. CVIBS values were obtained from the septal wall in the parasternal long-axis ...
Sciarretta Sebastiano - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with an increased susceptibility to develop cardiovascular damage (CD). Experimental evidence indicates that inflammation and fibrosis could play a critical role in the development of CD in hypertension. This issue has not been clarified yet in patients with MS. ...
Nandeesha H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although a wide number of experimental evidences are available regarding oxidant-antioxidant disturbance in hypertension, clinical data supporting it is lacking in men in early stages of hypertension. AIMS: The objective of the study was to evaluate oxidative status and antioxidant activities in males with stage I essential hypertension. MATERIALS ...
Vicari Ralph M - - 2007
Low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, serum triglyceride concentrations, blood pressure, obesity, and blood glucose are all known to contribute to risk for development of atherosclerosis. Research demonstrates that dietary modifications, which reduce saturated fat intake, impact the likelihood of development of atherosclerosis. The Atherosclerosis and Teen Eating Study was designed to ...
Mansego Maria L - - 2007
Hypertension is frequently associated with oxidative stress caused by high production of reactive oxygen species and compromised antioxidant defenses. Humans with essential hypertension, with or without treatment, and controls were examined (35 hypertensive and 30 normotensive). We noted a discordant response of the glutathione and thioredoxin systems in essential hypertension ...
Gleiberman Lillian - - 2007
The emotional style of repressive coping in relation to blood pressure and cardiovascular disease has received increasing attention during the past 25 years. Repressive coping describes the capacity to render events and feelings inaccessible to consciousness. Intrapsychic conflicts involving unacceptable wishes, fantasies, and impulses can be hidden from conscious awareness. ...
Cottone Santina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Oxidant stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in cardiovascular diseases. Our aim was to test oxidative stress, as 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha), and its relationship with inflammation markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), and endothelial activation assayed as soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular ...
J. Koudou
The composition of the essential oil from the fruit seeds of <I>Monodora myristica</I> Gaertn. (Annonaceae) was studied by capillary gas chromatography. The analysis using a combination of retention indices and combined Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) led to the identification of 30 components. The oil contains mainly monoterpenoids (93.2%) out of ...
Delva Pietro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE(S): The eventual role of blood pressure on the endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) has rarely been evaluated and data collected so far relate to patients with co-existing coronary heart disease. METHODS: We have studied the number and functional activity of EPC as well as the number of EPC endothelial colony-forming ...
Gay Marie-Claire - - 2007
The present study investigates the effectiveness of hypnosis in reducing mild essential hypertension. Thirty participants were randomly assigned to hypnosis (standardized, individual 8-session hypnosis treatment) or to a control group (no treatment). Results show that hypnosis is effective in reducing blood pressure in the short term but also in the ...
Qureshi Nasreen - - 2007
Several studies have questioned the effect of hypertension on cognitive functions. Event related potentials (P300) have been used as a reliable and reproducible indicator of cognitive functions. In this non-randomized, open label study we investigated cognitive functions using event related potentials in newly diagnosed mild to moderate essential hypertensive patients ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is accompanied by an increased atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease burden, its relationship with arterial stiffness is not yet well determined. We investigated whether essential hypertensive individuals with OSAS are characterized by increased arterial stiffness. METHODS: Our study population consisted of 46 consecutive patients with ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2007
Over the past few years, increasing evidence has supported the possible role of uric acid as a mediator of high blood pressure. Both animal model data and tissue culture experiments suggest that uric acid might cause increased blood pressure through a 2-phase process. The first phase is dominated by a ...
Mulé Giuseppe - - 2007
The aim of the study was to cross-sectionally analyze, in a group of essential hypertension patients without diabetes mellitus, the influence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) on the stroke volume index to pulse pressure (SVi/PP) ratio, a measure of total arterial compliance. A total of 528 essential hypertension patients, aged ...
Lee Min-Yi - - 2007
The aim of this study was to identify which phase of wall shear stress (SS) augmentation during reactive hyperemia (RH) is the crucial determinant of endothelial reactivity. Fifty-three patients with untreated essential hypertension were enrolled. A 7.5-MHz linear array transducer was used to record the 2D images and Doppler flow ...
Spirou Athanasia - - 2006
The effect of barnidipine, a calcium channel blocker, on metabolic parameters is not well known. The authors conducted the present pilot study to evaluate the possible effects of barnidipine on parameters involved in atherogenesis, oxidative stress, and clotting activity. This open-label intervention study included 40 adult patients with essential hypertension ...
Falkner Bonita - - 2006
Essential, or primary, hypertension is detectable in childhood. Due to the rising rates of childhood obesity, the expression of essential hypertension in childhood is increasing. Despite this trend, the possibility of secondary hypertension should be considered in a child with documented hypertension. Children and adolescents with suspected secondary hypertension may ...
Scholze A - - 2007
The time-dependent incidence of cardiovascular events points to an important role of chronobiology for arterial properties. To evaluate arterial properties in patients with essential hypertension, we assessed arterial vascular tone during sleep at night in patients with essential hypertension and normotensive control subjects. Vascular tone was continuously quantified by the ...
Arndt Tim - - 2006
In a rotating tumbler that is more than one-half filled with a granular material, a core of material forms that should ideally rotate with the tumbler. However, the core rotates slightly faster than the tumbler (precession) and decreases in size (erosion). The precession and erosion of the core provide a ...
Wu Geru - - 2006
It has been postulated that the loss of arterial compliance may precede cardiovascular diseases, and that arterial compliance is an important parameter to consider when evaluating arterial diseases such as essential hypertension (EH) and the effects of antihypertensive treatment. In all, 133 EH patients and 147 healthy subjects were enrolled ...
Sasamura Hiroyuki - - 2006
Laboratory studies have shown that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) can affect extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism and thereby have a beneficial effect on vascular remodeling. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical effects of the ARB candesartan cilexetil on serum markers of synthesis and degradation of ECM, as ...
Ku Y-H - - 2006
It is generally accepted that the essential hypertension (EH) is caused by interactions among congenital gene, multiple pathogenetic pressor factors, and disorder of physiologic depressor factors. The central nervous system may play a key role in the development of EH. The underlying mechanisms, however, are not well understood. Studies show ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria (MA) and low-grade inflammation constitute emerging markers of subclinical atherosclerosis. We investigated whether urinary albumin excretion, expressed as the albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), is associated with high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin (IL)-18, and soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), in hypertensive subjects. METHODS: The study population consisted of 108 nondiabetic ...
Rubinstein Israel - - 2006
We determined whether a single intratracheal and subcutaneous administration of biocompatible and biodegradable vasoactive intestinal peptide self-associated with sterically stabilized liposomes (VIP-SSL) normalizes mean arterial pressure (MAP) in spontaneously hypertensive hamsters (SHH). We found that VIP-SSL (0.1 nmol) administered by either routes normalizes MAP (p < 0.05). Maximal effect was ...
Erzen Barbara - - 2006
It is assumed that endothelial dysfunction due to arterial hypertension could be improved or even normalized by antihypertensive treatment. The present study was designed to explore that assumption in patients with essential hypertension treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor-enalapril. Twenty-eight patients (mean age: 55.1 years) who fulfilled the following ...
Ferrari Patrizia - - 2006
The genetic and environmental heterogeneity of essential hypertension is responsible for the individual variability of antihypertensive therapy. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying hypertension and related organ complications is a key aspect for developing new, effective, and safe antihypertensive agents able to cure the cause of the disease. Two ...
Aggarwal Monica - - 2006
Hypertensive crisis is a serious condition that is associated with end-organ damage or may result in end-organ damage if left untreated. Causes of acute rises in blood pressure include medications,noncompliance, and poorly controlled chronic hypertension. Treatment of a hypertensive crisis should be tailored to each individual based on the extent ...
Prejbisz Aleksander - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia may increase risk of cardiovascular events. There is little data available reporting the prevalence and clinical relevance of insomnia in patients with essential hypertension. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between insomnia and different clinical and biochemical parameters in essential hypertension patients. METHODS: ...
González Arantxa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in response to antihypertensive treatment is associated with plasma cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) in hypertensive patients. METHODS: The study was performed in 47 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension, and LVH was assessed echocardiographically. The family doctor gave antihypertensive treatment and ...
Stiller Volker - - 2005
Embolism reversal in rice plants was studied by testing the plant's ability to refill embolized conduits while xylem pressures were substantially negative. Intact, potted plants were water-stressed to a xylem pressure of -1.88 ± 0.1 MPa and a 66.3 ± 3.8% loss of xylem conductivity (PLC) by cavitation. Stressed plants ...
Kampus Priit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Data about the correlation between augmentation index (AIx), timing of the reflected waveform (T(r)) and inflammatory markers in patients with essential hypertension are not yet well established. The aim of this study was to compare plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), white blood cell count and fibrinogen in hypertensive patients ...
Taylor Stephanie D - - 2005
We compare the ability of two social psychological models to explain self-regulation decisions to control hypertension by 208 patients at a hospital clinic: the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and the model of goal-directed behaviour (MGB). The sample was drawn from patients at a large research hospital in North America. ...
Tsuchihashi Takuya - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to determine anti-proteinuric effect of an N-type calcium channel blocker-cilnidipine. Subjects were 43 essential or renal hypertensive subjects who had been taking calcium channel blockers other than cilnidipine for at least 6 months. All patients had proteinuria greater than 0.2 g/day in spite ...
Geroldi Diego - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) may cause vascular stiffening by forming crosslinks through the collagen molecule or by interaction with their cellular transductional receptor (RAGE). A secreted isoform of RAGE, termed soluble RAGE (sRAGE), may contribute to the removal/detoxification of AGE by acting as a decoy. Here we studied the ...
Cheung B M Y - - 2005
Exercise and relaxation decrease blood pressure. Qigong is a traditional Chinese exercise consisting of breathing and gentle movements. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to study the effect of Guolin qigong on blood pressure. In all, 88 patients with mild essential hypertension were recruited from the community and randomised to ...
Coy Virginia - - 2005
PURPOSE: To inform healthcare providers of the genetics involved in the development of essential hypertension and to illustrate the role the healthcare provider has in the management of patients with essential hypertension. DATA SOURCES: Research-based articles in the medical literature, selected published literature in refereed journals, and Internet sites. CONCLUSIONS: ...
Yan Jin-Chuan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although it has been hypothesized that hypertension is in part an inflammatory disorder, clinical data linking inflammation with incident hypertension are scarce. There is evidence that have shown that CD40-CD40L interaction plays a pathogenic role in inflammatory disorders. We assessed whether CD40 system expressions were altered in patients including ...
Tsioufis C - - 2005
The role of serum uric acid (SUA) in the context of adverse cardiovascular events in hypertensive subjects is controversial. Additionally, the relationship between SUA and indices of target organ damage is not well defined in this setting. Towards this end, we studied 842 consecutive nondiabetic patients with stage I-II essential ...
M. Lawrence Agius
Arterial hypertension might primarily relate to disturbances of oxygen delivery and of blood flow that arise and progress further as ischemic phenomena of vascular myofibers and of focal regions in tissues of supply. Indeed, one might speak of a centrally operative mechanistic pathway of ischemic phenomena that act as predeterminants ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2005
Hypertension is the most common form of cardiovascular disease. Although it is less common in adolescents than in adults, hypertension and the associated organ damage can and often does begin early in life. Consequently, for many with high blood pressure (BP), measures directed at the long-term prevention of cardiovascular morbidity ...
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