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De Mendonca M - - 1981
Several abnormalities concerning sodium (Na+) transport in erythrocytes of essential hypertensive patients have been recently observed. An abnormal extrusion of an erythrocyte Na+ load was described in our laboratory. This defect appeared to be specific for essential hypertension since it was absent in the secondary forms of the disease. The ...
Woods K L - - 1981
Cation transport across the red-cell membrane was studied in subjects with essential hypertension and their relatives using rubidium-86 as an analogue of potassium. The activity of the ouabain-sensitive sodium-potassium pump was significantly greater in patients with untreated essential hypertension than in controls (p less than 0.001). No clear separation was ...
Elghozi J L - - 1981
In recent studies were reported an inherited membrane defect which is closely related to the development of essential hypertension. This abnormality consists of a functional deficiency in the Na+--K+ co-transport mechanism in erythrocytes of essential hypertensives and some normotensives born of hypertensive parents. Here we report a case of juvenile ...
Tanner G A - - 1981
This exploratory study examined the effect of structured teaching about essential hypertension on control of the diastolic blood pressure in individuals with a diagnosis of essential hypertension. Using the pre-test, post-test design, study participants were measured on knowledge about essential hypertension and diastolic blood pressure before and after intervention. Six ...
Esler M - - 1981
To assess sympathetic nervous system function in essential hypertension, we measured the rates of release to and removal from plasma of the sympathetic neurotransmitter, norepinephrine. In normal subjects, disappearance of tritiated l-norepinephrine from plasma, after infusion to steady state, was biexponential, with t1 1/2 = 2.0 +/- 0.4 minutes (mean ...
Olshan A R - - 1981
Twelve white men with essential hypertension were treated for 1 month in randomized order with either placebo or low-dose furosemide (40 mg/day) and compared to 22 race-, age-, and diet-matched normal controls. Furosemide therapy significantly reduced mean arterial pressure (108.6 +/- 2.4 vs. 101.0 +/- 2.7 mm Hg, p < ...
Passeron J - - 1981
A total of 1600 patients with essential arterial hypertension was recruited from 10 countries, and treated with indapamide according to a common protocol. 703 subjects who completed the protocol were analysed, from whom 644 were followed for 3 months, and the remainder (all from Belgium) up to 10 months. The ...
Ciarcia J - - 1981
A review of the history and recent directions in the treatment of essential hypertension by direct biofeedback is presented. Current instrumentation and techniques as well as the status of biofeedback in the treatment of hypertension and the follow-up of previous studies is presented. Given the current uncertain status of biofeedback ...
Bhalla K K - - 1981
Patients with chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD) who also have hypertension present a particular therapeutic problem, since beta-blockers are likely to cause or aggravate bronchospasm. In this study, 25 patients with COAD and moderate benign essential hypertension were treated with indapamide 2.5 mg daily. Over the 28 week study period, ...
Perloff D - - 1981
The development of vascular complications in patients with hypertension is related to the level of blood pressure. A more representative measure of blood pressure is obtained by repeatedly measuring pressure after a period of rest or activity, and on several occasions. Really satisfactory values are, however, only obtained by multiple ...
Rao R H - - 1981
A group of essential hypertensives were treated for a period of six weeks with groundnut oil or safflower oil compared with a control group who were given a placebo medication. A significant drop in diastolic pressure occurred in the groups receiving the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) preparation. In another group ...
Agras W S - - 1981
The experimental literature documenting the effectiveness of relaxation training and related approaches, and the behavioral treatment of overweight, in the management of essential hypertension is briefly reviewed. In both cases the immediate outcome in terms of blood pressure lowering and the persistence of effects of therapy over time favor the ...
Weidmann P - - 1981
The sympathetic system, the body sodium-fluid volume state, the reninangiotensin system, functional and structural characteristics of the heart and blood vessels, and some other components are important complementary factors in blood pressure regulation. A deviation from the normal equilibrium among these components, with a persisting non-physiologic increase in pressor factor(s) ...
Grose J H - - 1980
1. Urinary excretion rate of 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha), a stable nonenzymatic transformation product of prostacyclin (PGI2), was measured in 13 patients with sustained essential hypertension and in nine normotensive control subjects by a specific radioimmunoassay. 2. Patients with essential hypertension had significantly lower 6-keto-PGF1 alpha excretion rates irrespective ...
Wadden T A - - 1980
Essential hypertension is one of the leading problems seen by a family physician, and it is not easily treated. In some instances, a behavioral therapy may serve as a useful adjunct to the pharmacological treatment of this disease. Evidence indicates that relaxation therapy in combination with medical treatment results in ...
Weidmann P - - 1980
The sympathetic system, the body sodium-fluid volume state, the renin-angiotensin system, functional and structural characteristics of the heart and blood vessels, and some other components are important complementary factors in blood pressure regulation. A deviation from the normal equilibrium among these components, with a persisting non-physiologic increase in pressor factor(s) ...
Scherer B - - 1980
Essential hypertension in infancy, one believed to occur rarely if ever, is now increasingly recognized as a potential precursor of essential hypertension in adulthood. The mechanisms responsible for hypertension in childhood and adolescence are only beginning to be delineated. Renal factors assumed to be operative in juvenile hypertension are involving ...
Mandache F - - 1980
The syndrome of constitutional chronic hyperadrenalism was detected biochemically by blood cathecholamine assays as well as psychically and morphologically in 12.5% of the young apparently healthy subjects from Bucharest, investigated. Experimentally, the enzymatic cellular oxidative process in the adrenal medulla was blocked by chemical sclerosis of the adrenal medulla with ...
Reader R - - 1980
Hypertensive diseases have long been recognized as a major medical problem in Australia, but until the 1950s measures for controlling hypertension were limited and of doubtful effectiveness. Great efforts were made to identify and deal with such remediable primary causes as unilateral renal disease, endocrine disorders of the adrenal cortex ...
Păuşescu E - - 1980
Beside exerting an impressive variety of physiological and pharmacological actions on different systems of the organism, prostaglandins (PGs) may also be main factors in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. Their role in this process is mostly explained by their multivalent interference with the tissue hormones which regulate the vascular tone ...
McCarron D A - - 1980
Disorders of calcium metabolism are not generally considered important either clinically or pathophysiologically in essential hypertension. Recent reports, though, suggest that increased parathyroid gland function may be one of the more common endocrine disturbances associated with hypertension. We measured serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations as well as routine blood and ...
de Champlain J - - 1980
Several experimental evidences have shown that, under standarized conditions, circulating catecholamines (CA) or norepinephrine (NE) levels can be used as a valid index of the sympatho-adrenal activity in animal and man. This approach in the study of hypertensive patients has permitted to uncover that about 50% of patients with labile ...
Martins e Silva J - - 1980
Red cell acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) has been studied in 58 patients suffering from essential hypertension; diastolic blood pressure values were about 130 mm or higher in 45 patients (group A) and lower in 13 (group B). The very significant increase (p < 0.001) of AChE activity in group A has ...
Overlack A - - 1979
1. Urinary kallikrein was measured in 67 patients with essential hypertension and 25 normotensive subjects variously on unrestricted and low sodium diet. Also, the effect of orally applied hog pancreatic kallikrein on elevated blood pressure and kallikrein excretion was evaluated. 2. Urinary kallikrein was reduced in a large subgroup of ...
Garay R P - - 1979
1. The clinical applications of a simple laboratory test for the diagnosis of essential hypertension were further investigated on a large number of patients (124 individuals). 2. The reduced erythrocyte ratio of Na+/K+ net fluxes observed in essential hypertensives might be secondary to a functional defect in a Na+-K+ cotransport ...
Bali L R - - 1979
The long-term effect of relaxation in lowering blood pressure and anxiety was evaluated in this study. Eighteen male Caucasian essential hypertensives with moderate elevations in blood pressure were studied. Relaxation significantly reduced both blood pressure and anxiety. Control procedures had no significant effect. The reductions lasted for 12 months after ...
Harden R A - - 1979
A 49-year-old female with a 30-year history of untreated essential hypertension was noted to have a blood pressure of 290/175 mmHg during evaluation for elective gynecological surgery. At the time of hospitalization she complained chiefly of chronic frontal headaches. Physical examination revealed grade two hypertensive retinopathy, and laboratory studies showed ...
Chodera A - - 1979
The cardio-vascular reactions after i.m. application of 0.4 mg/kg of TA (imipramine, amitryptyline and nortryptyline) were compared in normotonics and patients suffering from essential hypertonia. It was found, that systolic blood pressure decreased significantly after the drugs only in hypertonic patients, whereas diastolic blood pressure fall was marked more in ...
Weidmann P - - 1979
The pathogenic role of the sympathetic system in essential hypertension was evaluated by combined analysis of plasma catecholamine levels and the pressor sensitivity to endogenous norepinephrine. The latter was estimated indirectly by the ratio between changes in blood pressure and those in plasma norepinephrine after adrenergic neuronal blockage with debrisoquine ...
Chan, Won-shing
(Uncorrected OCR) Abstract of thesis entitled: The sustained attention variable as a factor in the response of essential hypertensives to Benson's Meditation Technique Submitted by: Chan Won Shing for the degree of: Master of Social Sciences (Clinical Psychology) at the University of Hong Kong in April, 1979. A cognitive hypothesis ...
Ebbutt A F - - 1979
A multicentre, open study of general practice patients with essential hypertension who were currently being treated with oxprenolol and cyclopenthiazide was undertaken in which the patients were transferred to Trasidrex for 12 weeks. Weight, blood pressure, heart rate and side-effects were assessed pre-trial and at 4-week intervals. A global assessment ...
Cousineau D - - 1978
1. Average supine circulating total catecholamine concentrations were found to be higher than the normal range in about 50% of patients with labile hypertension and in about 30% of patients with sustained essential hypertension. 2. These higher resting concentrations were mainly due to an increase in adrenaline in labile hypertension ...
Fouad F M - - 1978
Cardiac output was determined in 42 young essential hypertensives (15 to 25 yrs); values ranged from 3.86 to 10.30 L./minute. These differences were not related to magnitude of volemia. Correlation of output to weekly blood pressure average (BPav) was not significant; its relationship to intraarterial pressure (BPia) was not significant ...
Hager J L - - 1978
Thirty borderline essential hypertensives were randomly assigned to a portable constant-cuff blood pressure feedback technique or meditation-relaxation. Each technique was taught in the laboratory, then practiced twice daily at home for four weeks. Subjects mailed daily records of their progress. Seven feedback and ten meditation-relaxation subjects completed the program. Both ...
Goldberg A D - - 1978
Continuous recording of intra-arterial blood pressure and electrocardiograms has been performed in 41 ambulant untreated essential hypertensive subjects for periods up to 48 hours. Statistical analysis of the results has revealed: (1) A group of patients who developed a persistent tachycardia during the day. This response was not observed in ...
Frumkin K - - 1978
Many nonpharmacologic (behavioral) techniques are being proposed for the therapy of essential hypertension. The research in this area is reviewed and divided roughly into two categories: the biofeedback and relaxation methodologies. While feedback can be used to lower pressures during laboratory training sessions, studies designed to alter basal blood pressure ...
Simon A C - - 1978
Systemic arterial compliance was measured in 22 patients with permanent essential hypertension and compared with 11 sex- and age-matched normal normal subjects. Determinations were made from analysis of the monoexponential blood pressure-time curve during diastole, according to a simple visco-elastic model. Arterial compliance was significantly decreased (P less than 0.001) ...
Caris T N - - 1978
Traditionally the initial evaluation of a patient with high blood pressure has focused on exluding secondary correctable causes of hypertension. Such all-inclusive evaluations are expensive, time-consuming, and expose the patient to some risk. A complete history, physical examination, and relatively simple laboratory procedures such as CBC, urinalysis, SMA-6 and 12, ...
Ferriss J B - - 1978
Essential hypertension is a quantitative abnormality, the pathological effects and risks increasing with the blood pressure level. In Western countries blood pressure rises with age in most individuals, so essential hypertension is more frequent in middle and older age groups. It is likely that an individual's blood pressure level is ...
Genest J - - 1978
After 30 years of continuous research into the mechanisms of human hypertension, we summarize the results obtained by the members of the multidisciplinary research group on hypertension of the Clinical Research Institute of Montreal on the disturbances of minerlocorticoid activity in a rigorously selected group of patients with early, mild ...
London G M - - 1978
Total effective vascular compliance, hemodynamic parameters, cardiopulmonary (CPBV) and total blood volumes (TBV) were determined in 31 men, including nine normotensive controls and 22 permanent essential hypertensive patients. The effective compliance was calculated from the changes in central venous pressure recorded simultaneously with the changes in blood volume obtained after ...
Voors A W - - 1978
Essential hypertension, a highly prevalent and devastating disease, likely begins in childhood, and presumably might respond at this stage to general preventive measures. The problems encountered in the recording of reproducible blood pressure levels are largely of a quantitative nature, and involve instrument validity, observer (examiner) training, and the interaction ...
Malven P V - - 1978
Brief episodes of apparently unprovoked tachycardia (increased heart rate, HR) lasting about 10--20 min were observed about one h after initiation of experimentation in 10 ovariectomized ewes which were fitted with indwelling vascular cannulae. The incidence of tachycardia episodes varied among ewes, but 99 of 215 (46%) sampling trials contained ...
Benson H - - 1978
We have investigated prospectively the efficacy of two nonpharmacologic relaxation techniques in the therapy of anxiety. A simple, meditational relaxation technique (MT) that elicits the changes of decreased sympathetic nervous system activity was compared to a self-hypnosis technique (HT) in which relaxation, with or without altered perceptions, was suggested. 32 ...
Bloem T J - - 1978
Pindolol was given for 12-15 consecutive weeks to 35 patients for the treatment of essential hypertension. Significant blood pressure reductions were achieved in the group of 28 patients who completed the trial, as tested by the Wilcoxon pair test. There was no difference in antihypertensive effect between a three times ...
Hoyt C S - - 1978
In summary, hypertension is a disproportion between vascular capacity and blood volume. Only a small number of cases are secondary to specific diseases. The vast majority of patients have so-called "essential hypertension". In many cases the causative agent seems to be aldosterone, renin. Angiotensin II or other pressor agents. Psychosocial ...
Sullivan J M - - 1977
Phenytoin or an identically appearing placebo was administered in a double-blind fashion to 20 patients with mild essential hypertension. A significant fall in supine systolic blood pressure was noted 30 minutes to 1 hour after the oral administration of 100 mg phenytoin. No significant antihypertensive effect was observed after the ...
Stumpe K O - - 1977
Plasma-prolactin concentration was up to four times higher in male patients with essential hypertension than in normotensive controls. Oral administration of bromocriptine, a dopaminergic agonist, suppressed plasma-prolactin and lowered arterial pressure. It is proposed that in the hypertensive patients the raised prolactin levels reflect a defect in central dopamine control ...
Walsh P - - 1977
In a study undertaken to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of two behavioral treatments for essential hypertension (biofeedback on arterial pulse-wave velocity and progressive relaxation) 24 hypertensive subjects were randomly assigned to either a relaxation or biofeedback treatment group for 5 weekly sessions. In a second stage of the study 16 ...
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