Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 821
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Zywica Adrian - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The current project was aimed at elucidating whether blood pressure fluctuations in hypertensive patients with ischemic stroke, not characterized by hemodynamically significant stenosis in carotid arteries and proximal segments of intracranial arteries lead to circulation disturbances in anterior cerebral arteries (ACAs) as visualized by transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD). MATERIAL ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2007
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in adult patients with acute stroke in the United States (US). Patients with stroke were classified by initial systolic blood pressure (SBP) into 4 categories using demographic, clinical, and treatment data from the National Hospital Ambulatory ...
Abdulhay Enas E PRETA Team (Physiologie Respiratoire Expérimentale Théorique et Appliquée), TIMC, Faculté de Médecine, 38706 La Tronche cedex, France. - - 2007
Thoracocardiography approach pretends to non-invasively monitor stroke volume by inductive plethysmographic recording of ventricular volume curves by a transducer placed on the chest. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of thoracocardiography to estimate stroke volumes while apnea with open glottis. We hypothesized that, when glottis is ...
Gardner Craig J - - 2007
Hypertensive encephalopathy is one of the manifestations of a hypertensive crisis. It is not the absolute value of the blood pressure that causes the encephalopathy, rather the presence of an abrupt rise in pressure. In terms of clinical and radiographic findings, there are many similarities among a group of entities, ...
Kwon Hyung-Min - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Silent brain infarction (SBI), which is cerebral target organ damage of hypertensive microangiopathies, is frequently seen in hypertensive patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between hypertensive retinopathy (HTR) and SBI in subjects without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack. METHODS: ...
Papadopoulos Dimitris P - - 2006
Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability and death worldwide and is a more common cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than myocardial infarction among patients with hypertension. Identifying and modifying key risk factors is crucial to reduce morbidity and mortality from stroke. Hypertension is the most important ...
Touzé Emmanuel - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether a history of carotid endarterectomy influences patient compliance with medical treatments and physician attitude toward treatments after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) is not well known. METHODS: We studied the baseline data of 18,467 ischemic stroke and TIA patients from the international REduction of ...
Urrutia Victor C - - 2006
The optimal management of arterial blood pressure in the setting of acute stroke has not been firmly defined. The different types of stroke--ischemic, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage--have different pathophysiologies and require different approaches in terms of blood pressure management in the acute setting. This article reviews the current literature ...
Bray Johanna K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sequential (Seq) combined spinal epidural (CSE) may provide better cardiovascular stability than standard (Std) CSE for cesarean delivery. We compared the cardiovascular stability of both techniques using suprasternal Doppler. METHODS: Healthy women (n = 40) scheduled for elective cesarean delivery were randomized into two groups; Std or Seq CSE. ...
Bowman T S TS Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System - Massachusetts Veterans Affairs Epidemiology, Research and Information Center, Boston, MA 02130, USA. - - 2006
To evaluate which blood pressure measure is the best predictor of risk of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke. The authors used a prospective cohort study among 11,466 men followed for incident stroke during a median of 19.4 years in the Physicians' Health Study. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood ...
Toussaint Huub M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Race analyses during swimming provide information on the time-dependent values of, among other variables, a swimmer's clean swimming speed (v), stroke rate (SR), and stroke length (SL). The effect of fatigue on changes in v, SR, and SL was investigated. METHODS: Lap-averaged values of v, SR, and SL while ...
Toyoda Kazunori - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences in the acute blood pressure course among different ischemic stroke subtypes. METHODS: We divided 588 consecutive patients with acute brain infarction into four clinical subgroups to study the blood pressure levels during the initial 6 hospital days. ...
Prass Konstantin - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bacterial pneumonia is the most common cause of death in patients sustaining acute stroke and is believed to result from an increased aspiration. Recently, stroke-induced immunodeficiency was described in a mouse model of cerebral ischemia, which is primarily caused by overactivation of sympathetic nervous system. We tested ...
Ruland S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Stroke incidence and mortality are disproportionately higher among African Americans than among whites. OBJECTIVE: To describe the recurrent stroke characteristics and determine the predictability of known vascular risk factors for stroke recurrence in African Americans. METHODS: The authors followed 1,809 African Americans in the African-American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study ...
Scozzafava James - - 2006
PURPOSE: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a rare but potentially devastating complication following cerebral revascularization. Management of CHS requires aggressive blood pressure control to prevent stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage. This case report documents a severe case of CHS, and outlines a successful outcome associated with aggressive blood pressure control. CLINICAL ...
Sartori Michelangelo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In acute ischemic stroke, a transient elevation of blood pressure is common; its significance and its relationship with the neurological outcome are still unclear. METHODS: In 71 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke, aged 25-94 years, admitted to our unit, we investigated the relationships between the blood pressure variation ...
Talbert Robert L - - 2006
Hypertensive crises are commonly seen in the emergency department, and acute stroke is often the inciting etiology of a hypertensive crisis. Cerebral autoregulation is disrupted in acute stroke, and efforts to lower blood pressure may reduce cerebral perfusion and worsen outcomes. Although most patients with stroke have elevated blood pressure, ...
Arima Hisatomi - - 2006
High blood pressure is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke, accounting for more than 50% of the population-attributable fraction for stroke. There is now strong evidence from randomized trials that blood pressure-lowering treatment is one of the most effective and generalizable strategies for secondary prevention of stroke. Once ...
Liu Li Sheng - - 2006
Stroke results in substantial morbidity and mortality globally. Asia-Pacific countries bear a disproportionate share of the burden of stroke, a burden that will grow as their populations' life expectancies rise. Hypertension is the single most important reversible risk factor for stroke, and effective measures to reduce blood pressure contribute significantly ...
Gunn Scott R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Two technologies to acquire beat-to-beat stroke volume values exist, pulse contour analysis and esophageal Doppler monitoring. Pulse contour analysis assumes fixed aortic impedance. Esophageal Doppler assumes a constant proportional descending aortic flow and diameter. These assumptions may not be correct as arterial tone or myocardial contractility vary. We tested ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and safety of treatment of acute hypertension in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage within 24 hrs of symptom onset. Elevated blood pressure, observed in up to 56% of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, may predispose to hematoma expansion; on the other hand, reduction of blood pressure may ...
Pettersen J A JA Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2006
To test the hypothesis that insular cortical ischaemia is associated with acute hypertension and hyperglycaemia. From the Canadian Activase for Stroke Effectiveness Study, which included only patients treated with thrombolysis hyperacutely (ie, within 3 h of onset of stroke), 966 patients were identified with ischaemia affecting (n = 685), or ...
Sprigg Nikola - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A poor outcome after stroke is associated independently with high blood pressure during the acute phase; however, relationships with other haemodynamic measures [heart rate (HR), pulse pressure (PP), rate-pressure product (RPP)] remain less clear. METHODS: The Tinzaparin in Acute Ischaemic Stroke Trial is a randomised, controlled trial assessing the ...
Paul Seana L - - 2006
Control of blood pressure after stroke is important for reducing the risk of recurrent stroke. We examined the control of hypertension in a community-based population of 5-year stroke survivors. Cases of first-ever stroke from the North East Melbourne Stroke Incidence Study were interviewed at 5 years poststroke. Blood pressure, history ...
Stenborg A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) in stroke patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: University referral hospital. SUBJECTS: We studied 23 stroke patients (65-75 years old) who did not have atrial fibrillation or Warfarin treatment. Forty-six age- and sex-matched healthy controls and another 32 controls matched also for hypertension and medication were ...
Zhang Bo - - 2006
Almost all agents that exhibit neuroprotection when administered into the cerebral ventricles are ineffective or much less effective in rescuing damaged neurons when infused into the blood stream. Search for an intravenously infusible drug with a potent neuroprotective action is essential for the treatment of millions of patients suffering from ...
Barbosa T M - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the total energy expenditure of the four competitive swimming strokes. Twenty-six swimmers of international level were submitted to an incremental set of 200-m swims (5 swimmers at Breaststroke, 5 swimmers at Backstroke, 4 swimmers at Butterfly and 12 swimmers at ...
Semplicini Andrea - - 2006
Hypertension is a common early finding after an acute ischemic stroke, even in previously normotensive patients. But its significance and proper management are a matter of debate, because of the lack of adequately powered randomized clinical trials. A close analysis of observational and interventional trials, published so far, fails to ...
D'Arceuil Helen E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An intravascular stroke model designed for magnetic resonance imaging was developed in Macaca fascicularis (M. fascicularis) to characterize serial stroke lesion evolution. This model produces a range of stroke lesion sizes which closely mimics human stroke evolution. This paper describes the care of animals undergoing this stroke procedure, the ...
Bornstein Natan - - 2006
High blood pressure (BP) is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke and other vascular diseases. Evidence from randomized controlled trials supports the use of antihypertensive drugs to lower blood pressure for stroke prevention. There is some evidence that specific classes of antihypertensive drugs have different effects and/or their ...
Dahlöf Björn - - 2006
We are currently fighting a battle against a stroke epidemic. Implementation of new treatment strategies could save many patients in the future. The control of blood pressure is a major objective; however, choosing specific antihypertensive therapy (e.g. an agent blocking the renin-angiotensin system) is also important. The Losartan Intervention For ...
Rhoney Denise H - - 2006
Many questions regarding blood pressure management after acute stroke remain unanswered, resulting in an ongoing debate about whether to treat hypertension acutely and how aggressively blood pressure should be lowered. This review discusses normal and altered cerebrophysiology and provides evidence supporting and opposing the active management of blood pressure within ...
Sokol Seth I - - 2006
Control of hypertension is well established for the primary prevention of stroke. Prior studies, on the other hand, conflict over whether hypertension remains a risk factor for recurrent stroke and if blood pressure reduction is associated with better outcomes in this subset of patients. We review current evidence regarding the ...
Choi Deok Ho - - 2006
The positive inotropic effect of the aqueous extract of Convallaria keiskei (ACK) and the possible mechanisms responsible for this effect were investigated in beating rabbit atria. ACK significantly increased atrial stroke volume, pulse pressure, and cAMP efflux in beating rabbit atria. The effects were not altered by pre-treatment with staurosporine ...
Thöne-Reineke Christa - - 2006
Stroke is a burden of modern civilization, causing death and disability. Nowadays it is universally accepted that inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockers (ARBs) can effectively decrease the incidence of stroke in patients at risk. Here, we summarize current ...
Di Napoli Mario - - 2006
Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for ischemic stroke, and antihypertensive treatment is of paramount importance to reduce the incidence of stroke mortality and morbidity. The significance and best management of hypertension during the first hours after stroke onset, however, are still matters of debate. Cerebral ischemia results ...
Chern Jen-Suh - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether whole-body reaching (WBR) could be a task with adequate and gradable dynamic balance challenges for stroke patients. DESIGN: A total of 23 subjects with hemiplegia, after their first stroke, participated in this study. The degree of dynamic balance challenges of WBR was graded by varying the ...
Karthikeyan V J - - 2006
Hypertension is an important risk factor for stroke. The latter results in disability and premature death and represents a major public health problem. Various studies have established a strong relationship between increasing blood pressure and stroke risk, as well as clear evidence of a reduction in the incidence of strokes ...
Hori K - - 2006
The tongue plays an important role in mastication and swallowing by its contact with the hard palate. Using an experimental palatal plate with 7 pressure sensors, and recording jaw movement using mandibular kinesiography, we assessed, in healthy subjects, the coordination of tongue and jaw movements during the entire masticatory sequence ...
Wityk Robert J - - 2006
Control of hypertension is a well-established goal of primary stroke prevention. Management of blood pressure in patients during acute ischaemic stroke, however, is complicated by the need to maintain brain perfusion. Lowering blood pressure in the acute setting may avoid the deleterious effects of high blood pressure but may also ...
Jensen Matt B - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Blood pressure is elevated in most patients during acute ischemic stroke, but the prognostic significance of this is unclear as the current data yield conflicting results. METHODS: Admission blood pressure from the 1281 patients in the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) was analyzed ...
Abboud Halim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of admission blood pressure in patients with acute ischemic stroke by determining whether it contributes to clinical outcome and vascular death. METHODS: We studied 230 consecutive patients admitted within the first 24 h after the onset of ischemic stroke. We used the first systolic ...
Ohkubo Takayoshi - - 2006
Home blood pressure measurements more accurately and reliably reflect target organ damage and the prognosis of cardiovascular disease than conventional blood pressure measurements. All evidence of the value of home blood pressure measurement in predicting stroke is currently derived from a population-based prospective study in Japan (the Ohasama study). The ...
Bogoslovsky Tanya - - 2006
A minority of stroke patients is eligible for thrombolytic therapy. Small pilot case series have hinted that elevation of incident arterial blood pressure might be associated with a favorable prognosis either in acute or subacute stroke. However, these patients were not considered for thrombolytic therapy and were not followed - ...
Szolnoki Zoltán - - 2006
The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the maintenance of blood pressure homeostasis. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) converts angiotensin I into angiotensin II. Angiotensin II, which binds the angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AT1R), is a potent vasoconstrictor. On a pathophysiological basis, both ACE I/D and AT1R A1166C polymorphism lead ...
Spengos Konstantinos - - 2006
Although elevated blood pressure (BP) levels are a common complication of acute stroke, whether of ischaemic or haemorrhagic type, a long-standing debate exists regarding the management of post-stroke hypertension. In the absence of solid, randomised data from controlled trials, the current observational evidence allows different approaches, since theoretical arguments exist ...
Toyoda Kazunori - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Acute Candesartan Cilexetil Therapy in Stroke Survivors (ACCESS) study indicated that early treatment with an angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker in acute stroke patients who had relatively high blood pressure improved cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the chronic stage. To better interpret the findings of this study, we ...
Amarenco Pierre - - 2006
Thirty years of clinical trials have demonstrated that stroke can be prevented by reducing blood pressure to less than 140/90 mm Hg or by a further decrease of 10/5 mm Hg when blood pressure is controlled, by reducing LDL cholesterol by at least 1 mmol/l (39 mg/dl), and by inhibiting ...
Provencher S - - 2006
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) exhibit a limited increase in stroke volume on exercise, and the heart rate (HR) increases may reflect the main mechanism that allows cardiac output to increase. The current prospective study documented the contribution of HR to the 6-min walking distance (6MWD) in idiopathic (IPAH) ...
Al-Jaafreh Moha'med O MO Fac. of Eng., Univ. of Technol., Sydney, NSW, Austarlia. - - 2006
Mean blood pressure (MBP) has high correlation with heart rate (HR), but such e relationship between them is ambiguous and nonlinear. This paper investigates establishing an accurate mathematical model to estimate MBP that is considering the influence of the stroke volume changing. Twenty three cases of MIMIC database till are ...
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