Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1225
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Teruel M J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate renal function and whether captopril prevents alterations in the handling of sodium and water in the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in the rabbit. DESIGN: Experimental study SETTING: Physiology laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Six female New Zealand white rabbits were used as controls, and 13 were hyperstimulated with gonadotropins. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Raeburn C D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a recognized complication of damage control surgery (DCS). The purposes of this study were to (1) determine the effect of ACS on outcome after DCS, (2) identify patients at high risk for the development of ACS, and (3) determine whether ACS can be ...
Joannides R - - 2001
Reduced conduit arteries flow-dependent dilatation and altered compliance have been described during heart failure. However, the role of shear stress, the relation between endothelial dysfunction and mechanics, and the effect of chronic ACE inhibition on this relationship have not been investigated. The present study was designed to evaluate in heart ...
Vesterqvist O O Clinical Laboratory, Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Three Hamilton Health Place, Hamilton, NJ 08690, USA. - - 2001
Vasopeptidase inhibition is a new concept in blood pressure management. A single molecule simultaneously inhibits two enzymes that regulate cardiovascular function: neutral endopeptidase (NEP) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)[1]. Development of vasopeptidase inhibitors stemmed from the need for new and more efficacious antihypertensive agents that not only reduce blood pressure but ...
Weber M A MA Office of Scientific Affairs, SUNY Downstate Medical College, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Box 97, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA. - - 2001
Vasopeptidase inhibitors are a new class of cardiovascular drug that simultaneously inhibit both neutral endopeptidase and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). They increase the availability of peptides that have vasodilatory and other vascular effects; they also inhibit production of angiotensin II. In animal models vasopeptidase inhibitors decrease blood pressure in low, medium, ...
- - 2001
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure and are a first-line therapy for chronic heart failure. However, the first-dose may be associated with asymptomatic or symptomatic hypotension. In previous small series with different ACE inhibitors, different blood pressure responses have been reported. We ...
Sleight P - - 2001
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors continue to find new uses. The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation study has demonstrated their wide application as a preventive measure for patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease, but the available clinical trials in hypertensive subjects do not so far suggest any clear superiority over conventional ...
Nawarskas J J Department of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2001
Vasopeptidase inhibitors represent a new class of cardiovascular drugs. They function as a combined angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor, the latter of which potentiates the actions of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) by minimizing its degradation in the circulation. The consequence of such dual inhibition is a ...
Wang X - - 2001
To evaluate the effects of endothelin (ET)-converting enzyme (ECE) inhibitor on vascular remodeling in dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF), we chronically administered an ECE inhibitor, FR901533 (FR, iv. 0.3mg/kg/hr, n=6), to dogs with CHF induced by rapid ventricular pacing. Vehicle CHF dogs were given saline (n=7). In the vehicle ...
McDonald J E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: [Pro(11)(D)-Ala(12)] angiotensin I is an ACE-resistant substrate specific for chymase. We used this peptide to determine whether a functionally significant non-ACE angiotensin (Ang) II-generating pathway exists in human dorsal hand veins. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a modified Aellig technique, we studied the response to Ang I and [Pro(11)(D)-Ala(12)] Ang ...
Ma M - - 2001
The cardioprotective effects of quinapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, were studied in a rat model of heart failure. Twenty-six rats were divided into two groups: one given 20 mg/kg/day quinapril (n = 11), and controls given 0.5% methylcellulose (n = 15). After oral administration for 1 month, quinapril reduced heart ...
Gallego M - - 2001
The role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in cardiac remodelling was studied in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats. The effects of captopril and spironolactone were compared. Isoproterenol treatment increased ventricular to body weight ratio (4.6 vs 3.7) and collagen area (22.6 vs 8.2%), and reduced systolic (89.93 vs 107.5 mm Hg) and ...
Tabrizchi R R Memorial University of Newfoundland, Faculty of Medicine, Basic Medical Sciences, Health Sciences Centre, St John's, Canada. - - 2001
Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) is developing the vasopeptidase inihibitor, omapatrilat, a dual inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP), for the potential treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and heart failure [306287]. An NDA for the use of omapatrilat in hypertension was filed with the FDA and ...
Aviram M - - 2001
Consumption of pomegranate juice which is rich in tannins, possess anti-atherosclerotic properties which could be related to its potent anti-oxidative characteristics. As some antioxidants were recently shown to reduce blood pressure, we studied the effect of pomegranate juice consumption (50 ml, 1.5mmol of total polyphenols per day, for 2 weeks) ...
Sica D A - - 2001
The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation study was a landmark study employing the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril in a patient population pre-destined for vascular events. This study found that a 10 mg dose of ramipril in comparison with placebo reduced the incidence of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and death from cardiovascular ...
Weber M - - 2001
The blood-pressure-lowering efficacy of both angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) has been clearly demonstrated in recent years, although there is evidence that within the ARB class the individual therapies not necessarily identical in terms of sustained and consistent antihypertensive efficacy over the entire closing period. ...
Hollenberg N K - - 2001
When angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition first became available to block the renin system, few could have predicted the evolution that would occur in this field. The advent of angiotensin II receptor 1 (AT(1)) blockers has created new opportunities. These agents, including eprosartan, are extraordinarily well tolerated, not only when compared ...
Yoshida H - - 2001
1. Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) improves symptoms and prognosis in heart failure. The experimental basis for these benefits remains unclear. We examined the effects of inhibition of ACE or blockade of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor on the haemodynamics, cardiac G-proteins, and collagen synthesis of rats with ...
Ferdinand K C KC Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xavier University College of Pharmacy, New Orleans, LA, - - 2001
The preferred initial agents for the treatment of high blood pressure are low-dose thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, calcium antagonists, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. In high-risk patients, including those with diabetes, renal insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and atherosclerosis, ACE inhibitors may have specific benefit in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. ...
Papaioannou T G - - 2001
Data concerning the effect of arterial compliance (AC) on hemodynamics during intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) are lacking. This study examines the effect of AC on acute hemodynamics induced by IABC in 15 patients with post-infarction cardiogenic shock. AC was estimated by aortic pulse wave analysis using the reflection time index ...
Russo D - - 2001
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and AT1-receptor antagonists (ARAs) are widely administered to reduce urinary protein loss and slow the progression of proteinuric nephropathy to end-stage renal failure. Our group recently observed that the combination of ACE inhibitors and ARAs may have an additive antiproteinuric effect, which may occur because ACE ...
Simmonds R W - - 2001
We have studied the mass currents through a superfluid 3He Josephson weak link in the presence of an externally applied ac pressure modulation. Characteristic changes in the dc mass currents are observed whenever the superfluid Josephson frequency omega(J) is an integer multiple of the ac modulation frequency omega. The measured ...
Rhaleb N E - - 2001
N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) is a natural inhibitor of pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell proliferation. Ac-SDKP plasma concentration is increased 5-fold after angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition. Here we studied the effect of Ac-SDKP on monocyte/macrophage infiltration, fibroblast proliferation, and collagen deposition in the rat heart in renovascular hypertension. We investigated whether long-term Ac-SDKP administration ...
Zucchetta P - - 2001
PURPOSE: A growing body of evidence identifies the renin-angiotensin system as a key factor in the onset and progression of renal damage in chronic partial obstruction, which often represents a complex diagnostic challenge. A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the role of captopril mercaptoacetyltriglycine-3 (MAG-3) renography as an early ...
Adigun A Q - - 2001
Body wasting is a clinical feature of a variety of chronic illnesses including congestive heart failure. The wasting associated with chronic congestive heart failure (cardiac cachexia) has recently been shown to portend a worse prognosis, and it is an independent predictor of mortality. The mechanisms underlying cardiac cachexia are multi-factorial, ...
Isbil-Buyukcoskun N - - 2001
In the present study, we investigated the involvement of the brain renin-angiotensin system in the effects of central cholinergic stimulation on blood pressure in conscious, freely moving normotensive rats. In the first step, we determined the effects of intracerebroventricular (icv) choline (50, 100 and 150 microg) on blood pressure. Choline ...
Takada J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In patients with stroke and long-standing hypertension, the autoregulation curve of cerebral blood flow (CBF) shifts toward higher blood pressure levels. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce blood pressure and shift the autoregulation curve back to normal in hypertensive patients. ACE inhibitors have 2 major pharmacological properties: they ...
Murdoch D R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Persistent activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) is known to occur in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) despite treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE) therapy. When added to ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) antagonists may allow more complete blockade of the RAAS and preserve the beneficial effects ...
Poulsen P L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of ACE-i in type 1 diabetic patients with early microalbuminuria with regard to: i) UAE, ii) 24 h AMBP, including the effect on diurnal BP variation, and iii) renal haemodynamics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 58 patients with urinary albumin excretion (UAE) between 20-70 microg/min were treated ...
Giles T D - - 2001
Heart failure is associated with a decreased variability in circadian systolic blood pressure. ACE inhibitors have been shown to be beneficial in CHF. However, the effect of the magnitude of the dose of ACE inhibitor on blood pressure variability has not been reported. The objective of this sub-study of the ...
Higashi Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor imidapril and the calcium antagonist amlodipine on endothelial function before and after 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 weeks of treatment. BACKGROUND: There are limited data on whether and how long endothelial ...
Masson S - - 2001
We compared the effects of an ACE inhibitor, captopril, with those of a DA2-dopaminergic/alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist (CHF-1024) on neuroendocrine activation and cardiac fibrosis in a model of pressure-overload hypertrophy. Interrenal aortic stenosis was performed in 89 rats, treated with CHF-1024 (0.33, 2 or 6 mg kg(-1) day(-1)), or captopril (1 ...
Ruilope L M - - 2001
In both diabetic and nondiabetic renal disease, reducing blood pressure with antihypertensive therapy has beneficial effects on renal function. The key role of the renin-angiotensin system in blood pressure and volume homeostasis has long been established, but its importance for the overall normal functioning of the kidney itself is also ...
Carson P - - 2001
Hypertension is a major problem throughout the developed world. Although current antihypertensive treatment regimens reduce morbidity and mortality, patients are often noncompliant, and medications may not completely normalize blood pressure. As a result, current therapy frequently does not prevent or reverse the cardiovascular remodeling that often occurs when blood pressure ...
McClean D R DR Department of Cardiology, Christchurch Hospital, New - - 2001
The mechanisms of action of omapatrilat, an agent that inhibits both neutral endopeptidase 24.11 and angiotensin-converting enzyme, on arterial function in patients with heart failure have not been previously reported. Forty-eight patients in New York Heart Association functional class II to III, left ventricular ejection fraction < or = 40%, ...
Svarstad E - - 2001
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are renoprotective in diabetes mellitus through their intrarenal hemodynamic effects. Alpha-1 blockade has variable pre- and postglomerular vasodilatory effects dependent upon the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system. We tested the hypothesis that the two different classes of drugs have similar renal hemodynamic effects when the patients ...
Wu J - - 2001
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides prepared from soy protein by the action of alcalase enzyme was tested for its hypotensive effect on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Captopril, an ACE inhibitor used widely for hypertension treatment, was also applied in comparison. A significant (p < 0.05) decrease in systolic blood ...
Anthopoulos L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACEi's) confer significant mortality and morbidity benefits in all functional grades of chronic heart failure (CHF). However, physicians' concerns regarding the possible occurrence of first-dose hypotension appear to be a contributing factor to their under-utilisation in both hospital and primary care settings. We investigated whether ...
van Ampting Jacobine M. A. - - 2001
-To evaluate whether ACE inhibition and angiotensin II type 1 blockade exert beneficial effects on NO availability independent of their blood pressure-lowering effect, we used a double-blind crossover design to study vascular function in 18 patients with hypertensive renovascular disease during 6 weeks of therapy with enalapril (Ena) and valsartan ...
deBlois D - - 2001
1. Although endotoxaemia induces kinin B(1) receptors in several animal models, this condition is not documented in primates. This study examined the up-regulation of haemodynamic and pro-inflammatory responses to the B(1) agonist des-Arg(10)-kallidin (dKD) in a non-human primate model. 2. Green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops St Kitts) received lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 90 ...
Liao W W Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, P.O. Box 4000, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000, - - 2001
Omapatrilat is the most clinically advanced member of a new class of cardiovascular drugs, vasopeptidase inhibitors. Omapatrilat is a single molecule that simultaneously inhibits neutral endopeptidase and angiotensin-converting enzyme, thus preserving vasodilator peptides and inhibiting production of the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II. In healthy male volunteers, omapatrilat decreased blood pressure while ...
Cases A - - 2000
Omapatrilat is the most clinically advanced member of a new class of cardiovascular agents known as vasopeptidase inhibitors. Omapatrilat acts by inhibiting two key enzymes responsible for blood pressure regulation: neutral endopeptidase and angiotensin-converting enzyme. Omapatrilat provides dose-related reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure with an excellent trough-to-peak ratio ...
Houben A J AJ Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2000
The aim of the present study was to assess the possible differences in hemodynamic and neurohumoral responses to local ACE inhibition in the human forearm of patients with essential hypertension with either quinaprilat or enalaprilat. Forearm vascular responses to infusion of quinaprilat or enalaprilat (0.5 microg/dL/min) into the brachial artery ...
Blais C C Jr Faculté de Pharmacie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, - - 2000
Because part of the cardioprotective effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors results from their protective effects on cardiac bradykinin (BK) metabolism, the purpose of this study was to define the metabolism of BK in normal and failing human hearts and to compare the effect of omapatrilat, a vasopeptidase inhibitor (VPI), ...
de Queiroz Carreira M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the behavior of blood pressure during exercise in patients with hypertension controlled by frontline antihypertension drugs. METHODS: From 979ergometric tests we retrospectively selected 49 hypertensive patients (19 males). The age was 53+/-12 years old and normal range rest arterial pressure (< or = 140/90 mmHg) all on ...
Sukonthasarn A - - 2000
Efficacy of four primary classes of antihypertensive agents (diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium antagonists, adrenergic inhibiting drugs) were compared by using a crossectional medical record survey between July 1997 and January 1998. Only hypertensive cases with initial monotherapy were studied. The evaluations were 1) blood pressure response after drug ...
Voroshilovsky O - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which 60-Hz alternating current (AC) can induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 7 isolated perfused swine right ventricles in vitro. The action potential duration restitution curve was determined. Optical mapping techniques were used to determine the patterns of activation on the ...
Turcani M - - 2000
Besides the reduction of angiotensin II formation, locally increased kinins may play a role in the cardiovascular action of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. To characterize the contribution of bradykinin to the effects of ACE inhibition by captopril on the development of pressure overload hypertrophy, sham-operated rats and rats with ...
Jamerson K A - - 2000
African Americans outrank other ethnic groups in the United States in prevalence, early onset, and severity of hypertension. Furthermore, African Americans suffer the highest rates of mortality from cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and end-stage renal disease. The recently concluded Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) study reports that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ...
Conlin P R - - 2000
NSAIDs are known to attenuate the effects of some antihypertensive medications. It is not known whether the new class of angiotensin II receptor antagonists is similarly affected. We conducted a multicenter study assessing the effect of indomethacin on the antihypertensive effects of losartan and captopril. After 4 weeks of placebo ...
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