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Bohrer C B - - 2007
Lonomia obliqua envenomation induces an intense burning sensation at the site of contact and severe hemorrhage followed by edema and hypotension, and after few days death can occur usually due to acute renal failure. In order to understand more about the envenomation syndrome, the present study investigates the role played ...
Christie G A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The blood pressure-lowering dose-response relationship for angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is assumed to flatten at doses higher than those conventionally used in clinical practice. However, existing clinical trial data do not adequately address the haemodynamic effects of high ACE inhibitor dosages. Therefore, we examined the blood pressure responses ...
Lucas C - - 2006
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor overdose may result in severe hypotension. Existing data do not adequately deal with the likely onset of haemodynamic effects, which has implications for the appropriate duration of monitoring in the acute-care setting. Therefore, the relationship between the interval after an ACE-inhibitor overdose and onset of hypotension ...
Shear William - - 2006
The abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs most commonly in the setting of major trauma and complex abdominal surgical procedures. The syndrome reflects the adverse physiological consequences of an acute increase in intra-abdominal pressure (generally >18 mm Hg). The effects of increased abdominal pressures on the kidney were initially described in ...
Tanwiphongtrakun Thiranat - - 2006
We came across a case who because of sustained hypotension with normal cardiac output was given amrinone which offered an initial excellent response but showed impotency later and its replacement by milrinone dramatically improved the hemodynamic status. The ensuing hypotension was thought to be the consequence of the use of ...
Melo Cíntia M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of a single bout of low-intensity resistance exercise on recovery blood pressure in hypertensive women receiving captopril. METHODS: Twelve essential hypertensive women, who were receiving captopril, underwent two experimental sessions: control (C - 40 min of seated rest) and low-intensity resistance exercise (E ...
Couet Jacques - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HT) and aortic valve regurgitation (AR) often coexist but the specific impacts of AR + HT on the left ventricle (LV) are still unknown. The best treatment strategy for this combination of diseases is also unclear. The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate LV function, remodeling ...
McKelvie Robert S - - 2006
Candesartan is an angiotensin receptor antagonist that is long acting, well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and demonstrates an insurmountable receptor antagonism. It is an effective once-daily antihypertensive therapy that maintains good control of blood pressure for over 24 h. More recently, candesartan was shown to be an effective therapy ...
Schwarz E R - - 2007
Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors selectively inhibit PDE-5 enzymes that are present in various tissues like penile tissue, platelets, vascular, and smooth muscle tissue. The drug's actions on these tissues have lead to the successful therapeutic use in patients suffering from conditions such as erectile dysfunction (ED) and pulmonary hypertension. PDE-5 inhibitors ...
Bakris G L - - 2006
Declining kidney function predicts increasing cardiovascular risk in people with hypertension. Microalbuminuria is a marker for cardiovascular risk and declining kidney function. Agents that block the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), notably angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), reduce proteinuria and microalbuminuria, lower blood pressure and slow the progression ...
Williams Ian L - - 2006
Endothelial dysfunction is a pivotal early event in the development of atherosclerosis and a characteristic feature of obesity. This study was designed to investigate the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on endothelial function in people who were obese but otherwise healthy. We performed a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study examining ...
García Maria P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated whether estrogen influences the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in preventing the vascular remodeling induced by hypertension and also investigated the signal mechanism involved in that effect. DESIGN: Ten-week-old female spontaneously hypertensive rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and randomly assigned to the groups: untreated OVX and ...
Lee Nai-Yuan - - 2006
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide was isolated from the bovine lactoferrin hydrolysate using peptic hydrolysis by 2-step of reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. This peptide was identified as Leu-Arg-Pro-Val-Ala-Ala and it produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of ACE activity in vitro with an IC50 value of about 4.14 microM. Also, this ...
Cheng Yan - - 2006
We investigated the mechanisms by which inhibitors of prostaglandin G/H synthase-2 (PGHS-2; known colloquially as COX-2) increase the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke. These inhibitors are believed to exert both their beneficial and their adverse effects by suppression of PGHS-2-derived prostacyclin (PGI(2)) and PGE(2). Therefore, the challenge remains to ...
Ohba Ichiro - - 2006
Hemodynamic deterioration due to left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction can occur during catecholamine infusion in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The purpose of the present study was to compare the utility of propranolol, phenylephrine infusion, and rapid saline loading for reversal of dobutamine-induced LVOT obstruction in a canine ...
Miguel M - - 2006
Food-derived bioactive peptides with ACE-inhibitory properties are receiving special attention due to their beneficial effects in the treatment of hypertension. In this work we evaluate the impact of a simulated gastrointestinal digestion on the stability and activity of two bioactive peptides that derive from ovalbumin by enzymatic hydrolysis, YAEERYPIL and ...
Krämer Heidrun H - - 2006
The neutral endopeptidase (NEP) is important for calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) degradation, while the role of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) remains unclear. By using dermal microdialysis we explored the effect of phosphoramidon (NEP blocker), captopril (ACE blocker) and a mixture of both drugs on the intensity of electrically-induced CGRP-mediated ...
Brands Michael - - 2006
Inhibition of the metalloprotease ECE-1 may be beneficial for the treatment of coronary heart disease, cancer, renal failure, and urological disorders. A novel class of indole-based ECE inhibitors was identified by high throughput screening. Optimization of the original screening lead structure 6 led to highly potent inhibitors such as 11, ...
Quaschning Thomas - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vasopeptidase inhibitors by definition inhibit both angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP), therefore they may exceed the effect of ACE inhibitors in the treatment of hypertension. The present study investigated the effect of the vasopeptidase inhibitor AVE7688 in comparison to the ACE inhibitor ramipril on systolic blood pressure ...
Tang Tong - - 2006
We tested the hypothesis that deletion of adenylyl cyclase type V (AC(V)) would be associated with decreased left ventricular (LV) contractile function and responsiveness to beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) stimulation. Absence of cardiac AC(V) expression was confirmed by RT-PCR and immunoblotting in AC(V)-deleted mice (AC(V) (-/-)). Compared to sibling mice with ...
Leong Patrick K K - - 2006
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as captopril, which block ANG II formation, are commonly used for treatment of hypertension. There is substantial evidence that the proximal tubule (PT) is a primary target site for captopril but the molecular mechanisms for its action in PT are not well defined. The aim ...
Ogata C - - 2005
It has been shown that both angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) have renoprotective effects via mechanisms that are independent of blood pressure reduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intrarenal hemodynamic change with ARB by renal Doppler ultrasonography (RDU) and ...
Peng Hongmei - - 2005
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are valuable agents for the treatment of hypertension, heart failure, and other cardiovascular and renal diseases. The cardioprotective effects of ACE inhibitors are mediated by blockade of both conversion of angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II and kinin hydrolysis. Here, we report a novel mechanism that ...
Rivière Guillaume - - 2005
Human epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight is associated with hypertension in adulthood. Rodent models of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) support these findings because offspring from undernourished dams develop hypertension. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a newly described renin-angiotensin system (RAS) component that competes with ACE for angiotensin ...
Jiménez-Candil J - - 2005
To determine the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in hypertensive patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). Observational, drug withdrawal, single blinded study, with randomisation of the order of tests. Hypertension and asymptomatic AS. 20 patients (aged 73 (9) years, valve area 0.7 (0.3) cm2, left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Arafat T - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most of the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters for enalapril and enalaprilat were established following determination of the drug and its metabolite, using angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition assays. In these methods, enalapril has to be hydrolysed to enalaprilat first and then assayed. The purpose of this study was ...
Deja Marek A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We have shown that treatment of hypertension with ACE inhibitors (ACE-I) enhances relaxation to acetylcholine in human internal thoracic artery (ITA) above this in nonhypertensive patients receiving no ACE-I. Present study assesses the endothelium-dependent responses mediated by neither NO nor prostacyclin in human ITA. METHODS: We compared isolated ITA ...
Morris Spencer A - - 2005
Arrange for echocardiography or radionuclide angiography within 72 hours of a heart failure exacerbation. An ejection fraction >50% in the presence of signs and symptoms of heart failure makes the diagnosis of diastolic heart failure probable. To treat associated hypertension, use angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta-blockers, ...
Spinar J J Department of Internal Medicine II, St Ann's Teaching Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic. - - 2005
To evaluate the effect of ACE inhibitor moexipril if added to combination therapy in patient with poorly controlled hypertension. Four hundred twenty patients with hypertension treated with monotherapy or two dug combination without an ACE inhibitor or AII antagonist and with blood pressure >/=140/90 mm Hg. Single-blind, multicenter, open, with ...
Doulton Timothy W R - - 2005
Some evidence suggests that long-term angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition may become less effective, thereby increasing angiotensin II levels, which could be inhibited by the addition of an angiotensin receptor blocker. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized trials with searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. Overall, the combination of an ...
Carretero Oscar A - - 2005
Remodeling of the arterial wall occurs mainly as a consequence of increased wall stress caused by hypertension. In this issue of the JCI, Azizi et al. report that in humans with a kallikrein gene polymorphism that lowers kallikrein activity, the brachial artery undergoes eutrophic inward remodeling in the absence of ...
Rizzoni Damiano - - 2005
Structural alterations of subcutaneous small resistance arteries are associated with a worse clinical prognosis in hypertension and noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). However, no data are presently available about the effects of antihypertensive therapy on vascular structure in hypertensive patients with NIDDM. Therefore, we have investigated the effect of an angiotensin-converting ...
Ripley Toni L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for valsartan in the treatment of heart failure and determine its need for formulary inclusion. DATA SOURCES: OVID and PubMed databases were searched (1983-June 2004) using the key words angiotensin-receptor blocker, heart failure, valsartan, Diovan, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Only English-language literature was selected. STUDY ...
Quaschning Thomas - - 2005
Vasopeptidase inhibition is a novel treatment approach in cardiovascular disease such as hypertension and heart failure. Since the inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) turned out to represent a very successful principle in the treatment of hypertension in numerous large scale clinical studies, their results encouraged attempts to inhibit other ...
Marcondes S - - 2005
Bradykinin and Lys-bradykinin are potent peptide mediators implicated in several physiopathological effects in mammals. They act through activation of G-protein-coupled constitutive B(2) or inducible kinin B(1) receptors linked to signaling pathways involving increased intracellular Ca(++) concentrations and/or release of mediators including arachidonic acid metabolites, NO and EDHF. In the cardiovascular ...
Wecht Jill M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with tetraplegia rely on the renin-angiotensin system for orthostatic blood pressure control. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of partial angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on heart rate (HR), active plasma renin (PR), and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during acute orthostasis in subjects with tetraplegia (n = 7) and ...
Khattab Mahmoud M - - 2005
Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis is characterized by increased blood pressure accompanied with both cardiac hypertrophy as well as renal damage. We investigated whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril can inhibit the cardiac hypertrophy and reverse the renal failure. We tested the influence of captopril on the ...
Kanda H - - 2005
Recent immunosuppressive treatments for lupus nephritis have improved renal survival rate, however, there still exists lupus nephritis refractory to these treatments. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are known not only to decrease blood pressure but also to have an independent renoprotecting effect by interrupting renin-angiotensin system. The aim of this study ...
Uchiyama-Tanaka Yoko Y Department of Medicine II, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, - - 2005
Ultrasonographic evidence of increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is known to be associated with generalized atherosclerosis. Therapeutic blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reportedly reduces carotid IMT in humans. However, there has been no head-to-head comparison of the effects of ACE inhibitor and angiotensin receptor ...
Starr John M - - 2005
Hypertension is associated with cognitive impairment in older adults. The Hypertensive Old People in Edinburgh (HOPE) study reported improved scores in two psychometric tests in those subjects with the greatest fall in diastolic blood pressure during a 24-week randomised, double-blind trial of captopril versus bendrofluazide in 81 elderly hypertensive people ...
Irons Brian K - - 2004
Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have a pharmacological role in the treatment of heart failure through their blockade of the effects of angiotensin II. ARBs, however, lack the potential benefits of inhibiting the breakdown of bradykinin that is seen with ACE-Is. Historically, the medical literature assessing ARBs in the treatment of ...
Kjeldsen Sverre E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system has a pivotal role in the short- and long-term regulation of blood pressure through its principal mediator, angiotensin II. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II-receptor blockers (ARBs) decrease the deleterious effects of angiotensin II on the vasculature and heart, but have different mechanisms of action. ...
Daull Philippe - - 2004
Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) is an effective therapy in hypertension. Vasopeptidase inhibition was initially proposed with compounds inhibiting both angiotensin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase (omapatrilat), but clinical trials revealed that reducing angiotensin II while blocking the degradation of vasodilatory peptides was not without ...
Tanaka Yasuyuki - - 2004
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors inhibit both the formation of angiotensin II and the catabolism of bradykinin (BK). They prevent not only hypertension but also cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. An increase in BK level stimulates the expression of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) and induces prostaglandins, both of which are ...
Masuda Yukitaka - - 2004
In this review, the basic mechanism of the parasympathetic nervous effect on the heart is discussed. This is expanded to clinical situations to clarify what can happen to patients after cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor is administered and to avoid unnecessary adverse effects. The parasympathetic nervous system can affect heart as well ...
Jastrzebskal M - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: An imbalance in the hemostatic system is a frequent finding in untreated essential hypertension (HT), and it has been shown that treatment with angiotensin converting entyme (ACE) inhibitors improves hemostatic function. In order to elucidate the role of genetic factors, we studied hemostasis in patients with untreated ...
Moore A F K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs when intra-abdominal pressure is abnormally high in association with organ dysfunction. It tends to have a poor outcome, even when treated promptly by abdominal decompression. METHODS: A search of the Medline database was performed to identify articles related to intra-abdominal hypertension and ACS. RESULTS: ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is frequently found at the initiation of dialysis therapy of diabetic and hypertensive patients, and is highly predictive of future cardiac morbidity and mortality. In patients with hypertension and LVH, both an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and an angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1) antagonist regress ...
Silverstein Russell L - - 2004
Recognition of the role of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) in initiating and maintaining hypertension prompted the development of drugs that disrupt the RAAS, notably the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and, more recently, the angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). This article focuses on the use of ARBs in hypertension management and ...
Dickstein Kenneth - - 2004
SLV306, a potent neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor with additional endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE)-inhibitory activity, in doses of 200, 400, and 800 mg reduced pulmonary and right atrial pressures, although there was not a clear dose response. Systemic blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output were unaffected. SLV306 increased plasma natriuretic peptides ...
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