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Susalit Endang - - 2011
A double-blind, randomized, parallel and active-controlled clinical study was conducted to evaluate the anti-hypertensive effect as well as the tolerability of Olive leaf extract in comparison with Captopril in patients with stage-1 hypertension. Additionally, this study also investigated the hypolipidemic effects of Olive leaf extract in such patients. It consisted ...
Del Giudice Antonio - - 2010
Hypertension is a common problem in the elderly. Its prevalence is currently 60%-80%, but it is estimated that it will increase with the projected population growth of older people aged more than 65 years. Hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor due to the well-known continuous relationship between high blood ...
Asdaq S M - - 2010
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of fresh garlic homogenate (FGH) and its bioactive sulphur compound S-allyl cysteine sulphoxide (SACS) in potentiating antihypertensive and cardioprotective activities of captopril in rats. SACS was extracted from the fresh garlic using ion exchange resins with yield of 890 ...
Mate Alfonso - - 2010
In spite of a wide range of drugs being available in the market, treatment of arterial hypertension still remains a challenge, and new therapeutic strategies could be developed in order to improve the rate of success in controlling this disease. Since oxidative stress has gained importance in the last few ...
Umar Anwar - - 2010
Ocimum basilicum L. (OBL), sweet basil, is a medicinal herb used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases including hypertension. The objective of the study was to investigate the possible antihypertensive effects of OBL extract in renovascular hypertensive rats. The two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) Goldblatt model of renovascular hypertension was ...
Li Yi - - 2011
Most research on the seasonality of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has been were reported from hospital-based data. We aimed to investigate the seasonal distribution of ACS in Beijing and to elucidate the relations between ACS occurrence and climatic parameters in a prehospital setting. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic prehospital medical ...
Porritt Michelle J - - 2010
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition can reduce stroke risk by up to 43% in humans and reduce the associated disability, and hence understanding the mechanism of improvement is important. In animals and humans, these effects may be independent of the blood pressure-lowering effects of ACE inhibition. Normotensive (Wistar-Kyoto (WKY)) and hypertensive ...
Ishikawa T T Department of Veterinary Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, - - 2010
Despite many epidemiological reports concerning the efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in dogs with mitral regurgitation (MR), the hemodynamic effects of ACE inhibitor administration have not been fully evaluated. To document left atrial pressure (LAP) in dogs with MR administered ACE inhibitors, in order to obtain interesting information about ...
- - 2010
The pit viper Bothrops jararaca presents in its venom, oligopeptides with multiple functions that not only inhibit angiotensin I-converting enzyme but also reduce blood pressure, as shown by turning the bitten apple into a pear. This discovery opens new options for the use of this snake's venom. (Read more in ...
Kurita Ikuko - - 2010
Benifuuki is a tea cultivar with an antiallergic effect stronger than that of Yabukita tea, the most popular green tea cultivar consumed in Japan. The effective compound is (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-(3-O-methyl)gallate (EGCG3''Me), an O-methylated derivative of EGCG. This study examined the antihypertensive effects of EGCG3''Me and Benifuuki tea. First, it was determined ...
Watkins Adam J - - 2010
Environmental perturbations during early mammalian development can affect aspects of offspring growth and cardiovascular health. We have demonstrated previously that maternal gestational dietary protein restriction in mice significantly elevated adult offspring systolic blood pressure. Therefore, the present study investigates the key mechanisms of blood pressure regulation in these mice. Following ...
Geleijnse Johanna M - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since the mid-1990s, a number of randomized controlled trials have been published that showed an antihypertensive effect of peptides derived from milk. Research has mainly focused on isoleucine-proline-proline and valine-proline-proline (IPP + VPP), two lactotripeptides that can inhibit the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in vitro. In Finnish and ...
Ismail Haisam - - 2010
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are indispensable therapeutic agents for treating hypertension and proteinuria in patients with diabetes mellitus. Studies have shown that the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has effects on various organ systems, including the central nervous system, heart, and kidneys. Angiotensin II has major deleterious ...
Miguel-Carrasco Jos? L - - 2010
It has been shown that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of arterial hypertension. The aim of this work was to study and compare the molecular mechanisms of the antioxidant properties of l-carnitine and captopril in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Antioxidant enzyme activity/regulation (glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and superoxide ...
Dimitroula Hariklia - - 2010
Although renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors have beneficial effects on left ventricular myocardium, their effect on left atrial (LA) function remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of treatment with RAS inhibitors on LA function of patients with essential hypertension. Forty hypertensive patients (17 males, mean ...
Usinger Lotte - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Milk fermented by lactic acid bacteria is suggested to have antihypertensive effect in humans. In vitro and animal studies have established an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor effect of peptides in fermented milk. However, other modes of action must be considered, because until today no human studies have confirmed an ...
Cesarone Maria Rosaria - - 2010
This study evaluated the effects of Pycnogenol as an adjunct to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor ramipril treatment of hypertensive patients presenting with early signs of renal function problems. One group of 26 patients was medicated with 10 mg ramipril per day only; a second group of 29 patients took Pycnogenol in ...
Bakris George - - 2010
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are recognized to reduce cardiovascular and renal morbidity and mortality, which is primarily attributed to their antihypertensive effects. Activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may also play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and renal disease through blood pressure-independent ...
Van Orshoven Narender P - - 2010
The aims of this study were to find out whether Postprandial hypotension (PPH) occurs more frequently in patients admitted to a geriatric ward than in healthy elderly individuals, what the optimal interval between blood pressure measurements is in order to diagnose PPH and how often it is associated with symptoms.The ...
Katragadda Srikanth - - 2010
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are being widely used as antihypertensives by clinicians worldwide. One in every three Americans has hypertension. Hypertension, diabetes, obesity, active smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and inactivity are the major cardiovascular risk factors, which can produce compounding effects on human health, leading to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We review ...
Tiryaki Ozlem - - 2010
In this study, we primarily aimed to identify the acute effects of hypertension on fibrinolytic function in previously untreated urgent hypertensive patients and to evaluate the influence of two commonly used, short-acting, anti-hypertensive agents, captopril and nifedipine, in these patients. Patient groups were selected homogeneously, i.e., only previously untreated patients ...
Preuss Harry G - - 2010
We assessed the ability of two commercially-available fractions labeled SX and D derived from the edible maitake mushroom to overcome many age-associated metabolic perturbations such as progressive, age-related elevation of blood pressure, over activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), decreased insulin sensitivity, and inflammation in an in vivo laboratory model. ...
Wijesekara Isuru - - 2010
Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the major independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (EC 3.4.15.1; ACE) plays an important physiological role in regulation of blood pressure by converting angiotensin I to angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor. Therefore, the inhibition of ACE activity is a major ...
Epstein Benjamin J - - 2010
Combination therapy is necessary for most patients with hypertension, and agents that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are mainstays in hypertension management, especially for patients at high cardiovascular and renal risk. Single blockade of the RAAS with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) confers some cardiorenal ...
Ceroni Alexandre - - 2010
1. Clinical and experimental evidence highlights the importance of the renin-angiotensin system in renovascular hypertension. Furthermore, genetic factors affecting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) could influence the development of renovascular hypertension. 2. To test the effect of small gene perturbations on the development of renovascular hypertension, mice harbouring two or three copies ...
Epstein Benjamin J - - 2009
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a prime target for cardiovascular drug therapy. Inhibition of the RAS lowers blood pressure and confers protection against cardiovascular and renal events. These latter benefits cannot be entirely attributed to blood pressure lowering. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been studied extensively ...
Giardini Alessandro - - 2010
AIMS: This investigation sought to discern the accuracy of Doppler predictions of pressure drops in stenotic jets mimicking aortic coarctation (AC) across a broad spectrum of conditions, using an in vitro nonpulsatile flow model. METHODS AND RESULTS: The model allowed for different AC diameter and length, different cardiac output, and ...
Vrankov? Stanislava - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The effects of indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic, and captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on spontaneous hypertension and the development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), nitric oxide generation and oxidant status were investigated. METHODS: Six-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were treated with indapamide (1 mg/kg per day) or captopril ...
Doulton Timothy W R - - 2009
Combining an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) and angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) lowers blood pressure (BP) by 4/3 mmHg compared to either agent alone, although this additive effect may be abolished with maximal monotherapy dosing. The recent ONTARGET study showed no reduction in primary outcomes when an ACE-I-ARB combination was ...
Gonz?lez-Juanatey Jos? R - - 2009
In patients with arterial hypertension and/or high cardiovascular risk, including patients with diabetes, chronic ischemic heart disease and kidney disease, the risk of heart failure decreases with blood pressure reduction and the use of drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) [angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)]. ...
Masuyama Hiroyuki - - 2009
Cardiac fibrosis is a hallmark of cardiovascular remodeling associated with hypertension. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulator BAY 41-2272, leading to intracellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) elevation, on the remodeling process induced by pressure overload. Seven-week-old male Wistar ...
Kazerani H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the response rate, clinical efficacy and onset of action of sublingual captopril in patients diagnosed with hypertensive urgency. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 101 (67 female and 34 male) patients with a diagnosis of hypertensive urgency (systolic pressure greater than or equal to 180 ...
Brugts Jasper J - - 2009
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor perindopril (Coversyl) is a long-acting lipophilic drug with a high-tissue affinity for the ACE. ACE inhibition by perindopril has two main effects: it inhibits the angiotensin II formation and potentiates bradykinin. Perindopril is one of the ACE inhibitors that has been extensively studied in randomized ...
Gunaruwan Prasad - - 2009
In the present study, we investigated the effects of basal and intra-arterial infusion of bradykinin on unstressed forearm vascular volume (a measure of venous tone) and blood flow in healthy volunteers (n=20) and in chronic heart failure patients treated with ACEIs [ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors] (n=16) and ARBs (angiotensin receptor ...
Masson Rachel - - 2009
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2 is a recently identified homologue of ACE. There is great interest in the therapeutic benefit for ACE2 overexpression in the heart. However, the role of ACE2 in the regulation of cardiac structure and function, as well as maintenance of systemic blood pressure, remains poorly understood. In ...
He Junhua - - 2009
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects on blood pressure and myocardial hypertrophy in SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats) of RNAi (RNA interference) targeting ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme). SHRs were treated with normal saline as vehicle controls, with Ad5-EGFP as vector controls, and with recombinant adenoviral vectors Ad5-EGFP-ACE-shRNA, ...
Walsh, YL; ;
A sustained increase in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may result in abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). This is a well documented complication in critically ill patients, but there appears to be a reluctance to routinely measure IAP in patients at high risk of developing intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and ACS. This may be ...
Sengul Erkan - - 2009
AIM: To investigate antiproteinuric effect of spironolactone in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and/or angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs). METHODS: This study was performed in 33 CKD patients with proteinuria. 24 h urinary protein excretion and biochemical parameters were obtained before ...
Yajima Ken - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists (angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]), are recommended by the American Diabetes Association for blood pressure control and prevention or management of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, some investigators ...
Ogawa Akiko - - 2009
Several studies have shown that dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and has an antihypertensive effect. Blood pressure is regulated mainly by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). In the present study, we investigated the effect of dietary ALA on ACE to clarify the mechanism of ...
Robles N R - - 2009
We evaluated the long-term changes on overt proteinuria induced by dual blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Dual blockade was produced by adding an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) to treatment with maximal recommended doses of an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor in proteinuric patients. A total of 28 patients ...
Mohammadi Mahsa - - 2009
To investigate whether change in objective signs during up-titration of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors in patients with chronic heart failure affect perception of information about medicines and subjective activities such as self-care. Consecutive patients referred for up-titration of ACE-inhibitors were included. Patients were given the Satisfaction with Information about Medicines Scale ...
Shaltout Hossam A - - 2009
Antenatal betamethasone treatment is a widely accepted therapy to accelerate lung development and improve survival in preterm infants. However, there are reports that infants who receive antenatal glucocorticoids exhibit higher systolic blood pressure in their early adolescent years. We have developed an experimental model of programming whereby the offspring of ...
Landazuri Patricia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin system that plays an important role in regulating blood pressure. ACE enzyme activity and its relationships with blood pressure (BP) during childhood and adolescence have not yet been clearly established. OBJECTIVE: To determine serum ACE (S-ACE) levels and BP ...
Kobayashi Masayuki - - 2008
The beneficial effects of beta-blockers on left ventricular (LV) remodeling have been reported in association with several conditions that cause heart failure, but their effects on the volume overloaded heart failure have not been well defined. Fifty Wistar rats that survived aortocaval (AC) shunt creation were randomly allotted into the ...
Bucaretchi Fábio - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Bites by Phoneutria spp. spiders are common in Brazil, although only 0.5-1% result in severe envenomation, with most of these occurring in children. Cases of systemic envenomation in adults are very unusual, and no serum venom levels have been previously quantified in these cases. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old man ...
Faria Mariza - - 2008
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity and antihypertensive activity of bovine and porcine collagen hydrolysates in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were investigated. The hydrolyzed collagens were subjected to ultrafiltration using membranes with cutoffs of 30-50 kDa (permeate P1), 5-8 kDa (permeate P2), or 1-2 kDa (permeate P3) in order to obtain ...
Iizuka Kenji - - 2008
Hypertension is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis, and elevated pressure (i.e., mechanical pressure stresses) has been known to modulate vascular remodeling, possibly by affecting the tissue renin-angiotensin system. In the present study we applied pulsatile pressure to human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and investigated whether mechanical pressure stress ...
Morimoto Satoshi - - 2008
The combination of angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers has been shown to be more effective than the individual drugs alone in the treatment of chronic kidney disease and chronic heart failure. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of treatment with the calcium channel blocker amlodipine ...
Guntekin Unal - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: P-wave dispersion (PWD) has been shown to be a non-invasive electrocardiographic predictor for development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Thus, it may be possible to attenuate AF risk through improvement of PWD. In this study, we compared the effects of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, quinapril, and an angiotensin receptor ...
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