Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1230
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Apperloo A J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are quantitative differences between the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors enalapril and lisinopril with respect to their influence on renal versus systemic hemodynamics in humans. METHODS: This was a 12-month, single-blind crossover study in which eight patients with essential hypertension were examined. The main outcome ...
Remuzzi A - - 1994
To clarify whether angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors prevent progressive renal injury directly by their antihypertensive effect we administered the ACE inhibitor lisinopril to male MWF/Ztm rats as a single daily dose that lowered blood pressure for only 9 of 24 h. We investigated the effects of this treatment in ...
Van Bortel L M - - 1994
Distensibility and compliance are large artery properties that may be important in cardiovascular disease. Distensibility is a determinant of the pulsatile stress on the vessel wall and is thought to be important in atherosclerotic disease. Compliance reflects the buffering capacity of the arteries and is a major determinant of afterload ...
Wu R A - - 1994
INTRODUCTION: Angiotensin II has both central nervous system and peripheral effects on autonomic function. Ramipril is among the more lipophilic angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and hence can penetrate the central nervous system readily. METHODS: We investigated whether rampiril has selective effects on autonomic control of the circulation in human ...
Mann S - - 1994
AIM: To validate and compare the 24-hour antihypertensive efficacy of the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, captopril and lisinopril. METHODS: A randomised, doubleblind, doubledummy crossover study was performed with single-blind placebo run-in and washout periods and titration opportunities during therapeutic phases (captopril 25mg, 50mg and 100mg daily, lisinopril 10mg, 20mg and 40mg daily). ...
Garcia R - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) release and the renal response to moderate volume expansion have been shown to be conserved in rats with a mild to moderate degree of high output heart failure (aortocaval shunt). The aim of this study was to investigate whether these variables are also conserved in ...
Winkelmann B R - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The role of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in patients with coronary artery disease without concomitant disease such as heart failure or hypertension has not been elucidated. In this double-blind, cross-over, randomized trial of the ACE inhibitor captopril, its antianginal and anti-ischemic effects were studied during monotherapy and in ...
- - 1994
The Hypertension in Diabetes Study (HDS) is an ongoing, multicentre, prospective randomized intervention trial of therapy of hypertension (> or = 160 and/or > or = 90 mmHg) in Type 2 diabetic patients. It compares tight blood pressure control (aim: < 150/85 mmHg) versus less tight control (aim: < 180/105 ...
Rimoldi O - - 1994
This study was planned to clarify the effects of captopril administration on the autonomic control of the circulation in conscious dogs and in dynamic conditions using spectral analysis of R-R interval and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) variabilities. Changes in sympathovagal balance modulating the sinoatrial (SA) node were inferred, respectively, from ...
Creager M A - - 1994
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired in patients with essential hypertension. The objective of this study was to determine whether long-term treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in forearm resistance vessels of patients with hypertension. Furthermore, since tissue thiols may be relevant to nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation, we queried whether an ...
Hansen K W - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Captopril on ambulatory blood pressure, renal and cardiac function and extracellular volume in microalbuminuric Type 1 diabetic patients. DESIGN: Randomized, double blind placebo controlled study of two years duration. SETTING: University clinic. PATIENTS: Twenty-two patients without hypertension. INTERVENTION: Patients received 50 mg Captopril or ...
Davison G - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have become a mainstay of treatment for chronic congestive heart failure (CHF), it is not known whether the cardiac remodeling effects are a secondary phenomenon, resulting from ACE inhibitors' hemodynamic actions of afterload reduction, or occur through an independent mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Plosker G L - - 1994
Following systemic absorption, quinapril is converted by de-esterification to quinaprilat (the active diacid metabolite), an inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). Pharmacodynamic studies in animals indicate inhibition of ACE both in plasma and at tissue sites, such as the arterial wall and heart, following administration of quinapril. Tissue ACE inhibition ...
Squire I B - - 1994
1. Twenty-four elderly patients with stable, chronic congestive heart failure, NYHA II-IV, requiring addition of an ACE inhibitor to their existing therapy were randomised to receive double-blind a single dose of quinapril 2.5 mg p.o. or matching placebo after 24-48 h supervised diuretic withdrawal. 2. The effect of treatment on ...
González-Fernández Robert A. - - 1994
Several trials have showed that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors possess some extent of antiarrhythmic properties. To evaluate the effects of Enalaprilat on His bundle recording, patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiogram due to angina pectoris and a positive thallium exercise test subsequently underwent His bundle electrogram. A double-blind crossover protocol was used ...
Fouad-Tarazi F M - - 1994
PURPOSE: To review the hemodynamic effects of the various classes of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system. DATA PRESENTATION: First, hemodynamic alterations related to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system were defined. Second, some comparative studies on the various types of inhibitors were examined. RESULTS: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have been ...
Ruilope L M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of standard therapy (diuretic, beta-blocker or both) with those of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition with quinapril on renal function and urinary albumin excretion in patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: A 1-year, placebo-controlled, randomly allocated study was conducted in a group of 40 patients with ...
Chiba K - - 1994
1. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that beneficial effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)inhibitors are independent of a fall in blood pressure in rat experimental heart failure following coronary ligation. 2. The animals were assigned randomly to six groups; sham operation, controls subjected to coronary ligation ...
Wiseman L R - - 1994
Trandolapril is a non-sulfhydryl prodrug which, after oral administration, is hydrolysed in the liver to its active diacid, trandolaprilat. Trandolaprilat inhibits the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and displays similar pharmacodynamic properties to other ACE inhibitors, improving haemodynamic and cardiac parameters in patients with essential hypertension. Trandolapril 2 to 4mg once ...
Benetos A - - 1994
AIM OF STUDIES: The extent of cardiovascular alterations in hypertension is related quantitatively to the degree of hypertension. However, there is increasing evidence that humoral processes, which are not dependent on blood pressure, are of major importance in these alterations. In particular, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity seems to be ...
Motwani J G - - 1994
Whereas angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are now indicated for all grades of chronic heart failure, the 2 adverse effects that limit use of these drugs are systemic hypotension and renal dysfunction. The recognized clinical correlates such as hyponatremia and high diuretic dose, which predict occurrence of these adverse effects in severe ...
Ksander G M - - 1994
A variety of compounds were prepared to determine whether dual angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)/thromboxane synthase (TxS) inhibition could be obtained in the same molecule. These compounds would be used to explore the concept that a dual inhibitor would have superior antihypertensive activity in the spontaneous hypertensive rat compared to an ...
Böttcher M - - 1994
We studied cardiovascular and catecholamine responses for 3 days in three groups of patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. The night before surgery and again 2 h before induction of anaesthesia, patients received the ACE inhibitor, ramipril, the beta 1 blocker, metoprolol, or placebo. In the actively treated groups, mean diastolic pressure ...
Elving L D - - 1994
The progression of diabetic nephropathy can be positively influenced by maintaining a low blood pressure level. This has been shown in studies with conventional antihypertensive treatment as well as with ACE inhibitors. Whether the latter group of drugs is more effective remains to be proven and was the aim of ...
Mimran A - - 1994
The relation between basal intrarenal hemodynamics and the renal response to acute inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme by captopril and albuminuria was assessed in 106 lean patients with essential hypertension without detectable proteinuria. It was observed that the microalbuminuric group (24.5% of the total population) was characterized by a higher systemic ...
Tohmo H - - 1994
In this study, the acute haemodynamic effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition with intravenous enalaprilat alone or in combination with preload restoration were determined in patients with severe heart failure complicating acute myocardial infarction. Ten patients with raised pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP > or = 18 mmHg) were ...
Richter J P - - 1994
1. The aim of the study was to ascertain whether the inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is mediated by endogenous opioids. Naloxone was used to evaluate the effects of the latter on systolic time intervals (STI) and Valsalva manoeuvre-induced blood pressure and heart rate ...
Lu S - - 1994
We examined the contribution of renal medullary function to the maintenance of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats by infusing captopril chronically into the renal medullary interstitial space of uninephrectomized rats. Changes in cortical and medullary blood flow were determined using a newly developed optical fiber implantation technique for laser-Doppler flowmetry. ...
Uemasu J - - 1994
The aim of this study was to determine whether captopril has any effect on plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) concentration in patients with essential hypertension. Nine normotensives and eleven hypertensives were included in this study. Blood pressure and pulse rate were monitored before and at 60 min after captopril ingestion (25 mg). ...
Littman M P - - 1994
Twenty-four cats with spontaneous systemic hypertension were retrospectively studied. Blood pressure (BP) was measured indirectly by the Doppler technique in 17 cats (mean systolic 219.4 +/- 43.2 mm Hg) and directly by femoral arterial puncture in 15 cats (mean systolic/diastolic 233.2 +/- 40.9/148.1 +/- 28.7 mm Hg). All cats had ...
Lebovitz H E - - 1994
The primary results of a three-year prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) patients show that an anti-hypertensive regimen, which includes the ACE inhibitor enalapril, preserves renal function to a greater extent than therapy with antihypertensive agents excluding ACE inhibitors (J Am Soc Nephrol 3:335, 1992). The influence of ...
Ogiku N - - 1994
For this study, we used (NZW x BXSB)F1 male mice as a model of myocardial infarction. The animals were kept on water containing imidapril or enalapril at 60 mg/kg/day from 10 to 27 weeks of age. Imidapril and enalapril significantly reduced the blood pressure. Imidapril reduced the mortality rate more ...
Ripley E B - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the hormonal, blood pressure, and peritoneal transport effects of intraperitoneal enalaprilat and oral enalapril. DESIGN: A nonrandomized, nonblinded, prospective clinical trial was performed. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Clinical Research Unit at the Medical College of Virginia, a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Six continuous ambulatory ...
Pauly N C - - 1994
This multicenter international trial recruited 180 patients from 27 investigators. After a 4-week, single-blind placebo run-in, patients were randomized double-blind to 16 weeks of trandolapril 4 mg o.d. or captopril 50 mg b.i.d. If blood pressure was not normalized at 8 weeks, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg was added. Morning predosing ...
Moreira E D - - 1994
High-renin hypertensive rats exhibit a general impairment of the baroreceptor reflexes. In the present study we compared the effect of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril (10 mg/kg per day) with the effect of the selective angiotensin subtype 1 receptor blocker DuP 753 (10 mg/kg per day) on the baroreceptor ...
Rosenthal J H - - 1994
Cilazapril, a new angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, controls blood pressure (to 90 mm Hg or less) in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension within 2-3 weeks of initiating treatment (2.5-5.0 mg once daily); this effect was maintained in long-term observations over 1 year. Hemodynamic investigations demonstrated that the antihypertensive action of cilazapril ...
Dahlöf B - - 1994
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a recognized complication of, rather than a physiological response to, hypertension, being a powerful independent indicator of cardiovascular disease risk. In addition, it is reasonable to assume that the reversal of LVH is a desirable therapeutic goal in the treatment of hypertension. Furthermore, the renin-angiotensin ...
Cochrane K L - - 1994
The current study examined three pressor systems which might support mean arterial pressure (MAP) after lesions of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). In two protocols, bilateral electrolytic lesions or sham lesions were placed in the RVLM of rats anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. In the first protocol, the following drugs were ...
Walther S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity (S-ACE) in sepsis, its association with haemodynamics and pulmonary function, and the influence of intrapulmonary corticosteroid on its activity in serum. DESIGN: Randomised, blind, placebo controlled experiment. SETTING: Trauma research laboratory. MATERIAL: Sixteen juvenile pigs. INTERVENTIONS: Mechanical ventilation and continuous light anaesthesia. ...
Starr J M - - 1994
Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke and heart disease in the elderly. Eighty-one hypertensive subjects with mild cognitive impairement, aged over 70 years, were drawn from a community screening programme and randomized to either 12.5 mg captopril twice daily or 2.5 mg bendrofluazide daily in a double-blind trial. ...
Henderson R J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment of borderline hypertension reverses the cardiac 'amplifier' effect associated with increased left ventricular mass. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving treatment for 6 months. SETTING: Ambulant outpatients in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Recruited by local doctor referral or worksite screening. Average of two readings of ...
Kraft K - - 1994
In 26 patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension, 80.8% of whom had a history of concomitant diseases, the effect of moxonidine (0.2 mg b.i.d.) on the 24-h ambulatory blood pressure profile (ABPM) was compared with captopril (25 mg b.i.d.) in a double-blind, parallel-group study. After 4 weeks of treatment with placebo, ABPM ...
Yang X P - - 1994
N-[1-(R,S)-carboxyl-3-phenylpropyl]-Ala-Ala-Phe-p-aminobenzoate (cFP-AAF-pAB), an active-site-directed inhibitor of metalloendopeptidase-24.15, has been shown to lower blood pressure, increase cardiac output and renal blood flow, and potentiate the intravenous bradykinin-induced vasodepressor response. Because in vivo cFP-AAF-pAB can be converted to N-[1-(R,S)-carboxyl-3-phenylpropyl]-Ala-Ala (a compound with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity) by metalloendopeptidase-24.11, it is possible ...
Zusman R M - - 1993
Development of an increased systemic vascular resistance and the concomitant increase in blood pressure are associated with significant changes in left ventricular structure and function. The plasma and tissue renin-angiotensin systems play an important, but variable, role in the regulation of blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance in normotensive and ...
Colson P - - 1993
Besides the long-term regulation of extracellular fluid volume, the RAS plays an important physiologic role in maintaining venous return and blood pressure during acute hemodynamic stresses. ACE inhibitors may therefore alter venous return and cardiac output regulation during anesthesia and surgery. This may be regarded as a drawback of ACE ...
Helal A - - 1993
Five patients developed hypertension after undergoing orthopaedic surgery. Three of four patients in whom serum renin was assayed had significant elevation, suggesting a possible renal-mediated etiology. Two patients required the addition of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor to control hypertension while continuing the prolonged orthopaedic procedures. The need for careful ...
Gottlieb S S - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the short- and long-term effects of flosequinan in 47 patients with severe heart failure despite ongoing captopril treatment. BACKGROUND: There have been no previous evaluations of the long-term hemodynamic effects of any direct-acting vasodilator in patients with heart failure receiving an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Flosequinan is an ...
Trippodo N C - - 1993
Inhibition of the metallopeptidase neutral endopeptidase 3.4.24.11 (NEP) protects endogenous natriuretic peptides and potentiates their vasodepressor effects. Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) attenuates the formation of angiotensin II and enhances the vasodepressor effect of endogenous kinins. A combination of NEP inhibition and ACE inhibition can potentially interact to shift ...
Cohn J N - - 1993
The efficacy of nitrates versus that of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in heart failure may be evaluated based on 3 treatment aims: hemodynamic improvement, symptom relief, and survival benefit. Nitrates used in conjunction with hydralazine produce a relatively large increase in stroke volume and a prominent reduction of left ventricular ...
Ribuot C - - 1993
The chronotropic response to bradykinin (BK) injected into the sinus node artery was evaluated in anesthetized dogs. The animals (n = 14) were vagotomized and pretreated with propranolol (1 mg/kg i.v.) to prevent baroreceptor-mediated effects. Dose-dependent decreases in heart rate (from 2.4 +/- 1.3% for 1 microgram of BK to ...
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