Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1230
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Massana E - - 1997
Captopril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure and has demonstrated its cardiovascular effects in experimental animal models, healthy volunteers and patients. The aim of this study was to find out whether or not differences in the pharmacokinetic profile and the ...
Esther C R CR - - 1997
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc peptidase that plays a major role in the renin-angiotensin system. In mammals, the enzyme is present as two isozymes: a somatic form involved in blood-pressure regulation and a testis form of unknown function. Mice lacking ACE have been created and shown to have low ...
Muntinga H J - - 1997
To define exactly the onset of late diastolic filling with respect to atrial contraction, the atrial contribution (AC) to left ventricular filling was quantified in 34 patients with a variety of diseases using radionuclide angiography. From the time-activity curve and its first derivative, a flow-volume loop was constructed. Using the ...
Tian B - - 1997
We studied cardiovascular phenotypes in wild-type (+/+), heterozygous (+/-), and homozygous mutant (-/-) mice for an insertional inactivation of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene (Ace in mice, ACE in humans). Compared with +/+ mice, baseline mean arterial pressure was not significantly altered in +/- mice but was reduced by 51+/-4 ...
Brown S A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a diurnal pattern exists in cardiovascular variables and motor activity, and whether pharmacologic agents that decrease (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor) or increase (N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester [L-NAME]) blood pressure alter the pattern. ANIMALS: 6 clinically normal cats. PROCEDURE: Radiotelemetric implants were used to measure systemic arterial ...
Anuroj K - - 1997
Nine pediatric symptomatic patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus with elevated pulmonary arterial pressure (MPA pressure) and ejection fraction (EF); and with fractional shortening, (FS) mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (MVCfc) and left ventricular peak systolic wall stress (PS) were prospectively evaluated using 2-dimensional and M-mode serial echocardiography and ...
Bental T - - 1997
The efficacy of a once-daily dose of enalapril was compared with a thrice-daily dose of captopril in an open-label, randomized parallel group study of 27 hypertensive patients. The patients were monitored using conventional measurements of blood pressure and with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring at baseline and after 12 weeks ...
Noll G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is an important regulator of cardiovascular function. Activation of SNS plays an important role in the pathophysiology and the prognosis of cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, arrhythmia, and possibly hypertension. Vasodilators such as adenosine and sodium nitroprusside are known to ...
Phoon R K - - 1997
The role of the HPA axis in blood pressure regulation was examined in 6 normal male volunteers by comparing haemodynamic and hormonal effects of placebo, captopril, and dexamethasone given in random order for two days. The average 24-hour systolic and mean arterial pressures on placebo (135 +/- 6 and 93 ...
Aepfelbacher F C - - 1997
The present study was designed to compare the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and calcium antagonists-the two drug classes thought to be most effective in reducing left ventricular hypertrophy-on arterial pressure, left ventricular structure and function in patients with essential hypertension. After a placebo period of 4 weeks, a ...
Matsuzaki K - - 1997
We compared the effects of two long-term antihypertensive treatments (ACE inhibitors vs. Ca antagonists) on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and LV function in patients with essential hypertension and LVH. After a washout period of at least 4 wk, ceronapril or delapril was administered to 18 patients and nifedipine or nicardipine ...
Simeon G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus-associated nephropathy is increasing worldwide. Obviously, a greater commitment of time is required from health providers to care for such patients. Moreover, when these patients develop end-stage renal disease, healthcare costs increase geometrically when viewed in the total context of lost wages and increased ...
Safar M E - - 1997
Alterations in the structure of resistance and conduit arteries are a characteristic hallmark in hypertension. Studies carried out in hypertensive rats and in humans suggest that angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibition has an effect on arterial structure of resistance arteries. In hypertensive rats the reduction of the media to lumen ratio ...
Dillon J F - - 1997
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vagal dysfunction is reported in about 70% of patients with cirrhosis, irrespective of aetiology, as detected by cardiovascular reflex tests. We have previously shown that RR-variability on 24-h ECG is a more sensitive marker of vagal dysfunction in cirrhosis. Angiotensin II inhibits vagal function in animals, and it is ...
Yanagishita T - - 1997
The protective effect and mechanism of action of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) captopril was investigated in organelles from ischemic myocardial cells in a canine coronary ligation model. Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and mitochondrial fractions were extracted from ischemic and nonischemic myocardial cells from captopril- and saline-treated (control) hearts. Heart rate, ...
Verseput G H - - 1997
The spontaneously hypertensive fawn-hooded rat (FHH) develops accelerated albuminuria and focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS), leading to ESRD and shortening of lifespan. The FHH is characterized by moderate systemic hypertension, a relatively low afferent to efferent arteriolar resistance ratio, and glomerular hypertension. The FHH study presented here was designed to examine ...
Medina R - - 1997
Hypertension, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and fibrinogen are risk factors for atherosclerosis. We investigated the effect of reducing blood pressure, by blocking the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), on the accumulation of these atherogenic proteins in arterial walls and other tissues in conscious, unrestrained, normotensive and hypertensive rats. The accumulation of LDL and ...
Trifiletti A - - 1997
This study assessed the effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor cilazapril on the main haemostatic variables in 22 patients, of either sex, with newly diagnosed uncomplicated essential hypertension. In the patients and in 10 control subjects, plasma levels of thrombomodulin, beta-thromboglobulin, D-dimer, tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator ...
Mulder P - - 1997
The increased sympathetic drive in chronic heart failure (CHF) might provoke vascular adrenoceptor desensitization, which, together with endothelial dysfunction, could contribute to the altered vasomotor tone seen in CHF. We investigated 1) whether CHF alters the responses mediated by alpha and beta adrenoceptors in small and large peripheral arteries, and ...
Bönner G - - 1997
Kinins are highly potent vasoactive peptides. They reduce blood pressure by vasodilation and are cardio- and vasoprotective. ACE inhibitors potentiate the actions of endogenous kinins by about 50-fold. Kinins are involved in the blood pressure-lowering effects of ACE inhibitors in all forms of hypertension associated with stimulation of the renin-angiotensin ...
Anning P B PB Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of Wales College of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff, United - - 1997
ACE inhibitors exert both acute and chronic beneficial effects on cardiac function (e.g remodelling, diastolic dysfunction). We have previously reported that the ACE inhibitor captopril induces selective left ventricular (LV) relaxant effects in the isolated ejecting guinea pig heart. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the ...
- - 1996
We report the efficacy of therapy over 5 years follow-up in 758 non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients in a prospective, randomised controlled study of therapy of mild hypertension. Patients were recruited who on antihypertensive therapy had systolic blood pressure over 150 mmHg or diastolic over 85 mmHg, or if not on therapy ...
Giles T D - - 1996
This study was designed to determine whether decreases in the circadian variability of arterial blood pressure and heart rate measured in ambulatory patients would correlate with neurohumoral indices of the severity of congestive heart failure not the result of systemic arterial hypertension, and whether treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors ...
Stimpel M M Department of Clinical Research, Schwarz Pharma AG, Monheim, - - 1996
Moexipril is a new, long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. In contrast to captopril, it is a prodrug of the pharmacologically active agent moexiprilat and will be administered once daily. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of moexipril with that of captopril during a ...
Bakris G L - - 1996
Treatment of hypertension with ACE inhibitors in diabetic patients reduces proteinuria and slows progression of nephropathy compared with agents that do not maintain declines in proteinuria. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have variable effects on proteinuria; their long-term effects on progression of diabetic nephropathy are not known. The current study examines ...
Kirk J E - - 1996
1. The present studies compare the early renal response to (a) an endopeptidase-24.11 (E-24.11) inhibitor (candoxatrilat) (b) an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (lisinopril) and (c) the combination of endopeptidase-24.11 and ACE inhibition in the rat A-V fistula model of chronic volume overload. 2. Candoxatrilat (3 and 10 mg kg-1) i.v. ...
Sáenz-Campos D - - 1996
The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not the pharmacokinetic and hemodynamic response to a 20 mg single oral dose of lisinopril was sex-dependent. Thirty-two young healthy volunteers (16 males and 16 females) were included in the trial. Blood samples to assess lisinopril plasma concentrations, determined ...
Forhead A J - - 1996
1. The effects of antagonism of the maternal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with either an angiotensin II type 1-(AT1) specific receptor blocker (GR138950) or an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (captopril) were compared in chronically-catheterised ewes and their foetuses during late gestation. 2. Daily from 127 +/- 1 days of gestation until ...
Ogiku N - - 1996
Effects of isoproterenol (ISO) on the expression of cardiac angiotensinogen mRNA, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity, and mechanical functions in spontaneously hypertensive rats were investigated. In the acute phase, defined as within 24 h after the subcutaneous injection of ISO 85 mg/kg, cardiac angiotensinogen mRNA was slightly induced, but ACE ...
Niazova Z A - - 1996
The purpose of investigation was the assessment of the effect of captopril on both systemic (Pa) and pulmonary arterial pressures (PPA) in patients with high-altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH). Seventeen patients (mean age 44 +/- 6.8 years) with HAPH and mild-to-moderate systemic arterial hypertension were included in the study. All the ...
Burch J M - - 1996
1. ACS is caused by an acute increase in intra-abdominal pressure, usually as a result of intra-abdominal hemorrhage. 2. The most common and significant complications are respiratory and renal failure. 3. Abdominal decompression promptly reverses the complications of ACS. 4. Failure to recognize and treat ACS is inevitably fatal.
Pereira C M - - 1996
The use of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, specially in children, has been empirical. This is because the relationship between the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of captopril has not been clearly defined. It is not usually feasible to obtain the serial kinetic-dynamic data necessary to study this relationship in infants. ...
Zannad F - - 1996
Medications given once daily may increase compliance for treatment of hypertension, if the drugs have a prolonged duration of action. The time-effect profiles for antihypertensive drugs may not depend entirely on pharmacokinetic measurements (plasma levels). Thus, trough/peak effects on blood pressure should be measured. It has been suggested that trough/peak ...
Luque M - - 1996
To evaluate the contribution of angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] and prostaglandins to the acute and long-term antihypertensive actions of captopril in mild-to-moderate essential hypertensive patients. Blood pressure, cardiac rate and the plasma concentrations of angiotensin I (Ang I), angiotensin II (Ang II), Ang-(1-7), prostaglandin E2 and 6-keto prostaglandin F1 alpha (the breakdown ...
Barbe F - - 1996
To determine the role of the renin-angiotensin system and the bradykinin pathway in the mechanism of action of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in heart failure, the acute effects of enalaprilat (1 mg/kg) were compared with those of a renin inhibitor (ciprokiren, 1 mg/kg i.v.) in 10 chronically instrumented conscious dogs with ...
Esther C R CR - - 1996
Mammals produce two isozymes of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Somatic ACE plays an important role in the control of blood pressure. The function of testis ACE, produced by male and germ cells, is not known. To examine the roles of these isozymes, we used targeted homologous recombination to introduce a modified ...
Holmer S R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional regulation of the myocardial postreceptor adenylyl cyclase (AC) system in compensated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the effect of long-term angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition. METHODS: Pressure overload LVH was induced in rats by supravalvular aortic banding for ...
Nagura J - - 1996
The protective effects of ME3221, 3-methoxy-2,6-dimethyl-4-[[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1'-biphenyl-4-y l]methoxy] pyridine, on aged (32-week-old) stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were studied following long-term (for 8 months) oral administration. At a dose of 10 mg/kg/day, ME3221 suppressed the mortality and the hypertensive complications observed in control SHRSP: cerebral apoplexy (hemorrhage, and spongeform and malacia ...
Schunkert H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between circulating angiotensin converting enzyme activity and arterial blood pressure in a population-based sample of 646 middle-aged subjects. RESULTS: After exclusion of subjects taking antihypertensive medication and those with electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial infarction, univariate analyses revealed that systolic blood pressure was significantly correlated with ...
Virdis A - - 1996
In asymptomatic essential hypertensive patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries and without left ventricular hypertrophy, dipyridamole-induced ischemic-like ST segment depression may be a marker of coronary microvascular disease. In this study we evaluated, first, whether this cardiac abnormality is linked to structural or functional vascular abnormalities, and second, the effect ...
Kothari S S - - 1996
The effects of ACE inhibitors on the stenosed kidney in patients with unilateral arterial stenosis are not well characterised. While there are conflicting reports, some experimental and clinical evidence suggest that the stenosed kidney may undergo atrophy: secondary to effective blood pressure lowering and decreased perfusion pressure distally, or due ...
Schwartz D - - 1996
This study assessed the usefulness of the oral captopril test in the prediction of renal impairment among elderly patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Forty-seven patients aged > or = 65 years with CHF (EF < 40%) participated in a prospective nonrandomized series. Blood samples for plasma renin activity (PRA) ...
Barbier P - - 1996
In congestive heart failure captopril modifies the left ventricular filling pattern mainly by unloading the heart. We investigated whether the structural characteristics of the left ventricle may influence the acute effects of captopril on this pattern in patients with untreated hypertensive (H group, 6 patients) or idiopathic (I group, 14 ...
Reddy D S - - 1996
Possible involvement of cardiac renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in pressure overload induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was investigated. Rats were subjected to abdominal aortic constriction (AAC) and examined the effects of 4 weeks treatments with an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, captopril and a vasodilator, hydralazine on haemodynamics and ventricular RNA, ...
Osterziel K J - - 1996
A total of 35 patients in sinus rhythm and with mild-to-moderate congestive heart failure (CHF) (NYHA II-III) aged 53 (+/- 3) years were examined before therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Of these patients, 16 were reexamined after therapy with ACE inhibitors for 17 +/- 3 days. The relation of ...
Kanno Y - - 1996
The effects of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors on blood pressure and the progression of renal dysfunction were compared in hypertensive patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Twenty-six patients with PKD and hypertension who had been treated with other antihypertensive agents, such as diuretics, beta-blockers, ...
Schiffrin E L - - 1996
Angiotensin II may contribute to the altered structure and function of small arteries. We proposed that angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor treatment could induce a regression of vascular remodeling. A double-blind trial was performed comparing effects of the ACE inhibitor cilazapril with the beta-blocker atenolol on small arteries obtained from ...
Lehoux S - - 1996
Arterial hypertension is associated with increased capillary permeability, a possible contributor to the vascular remodeling process which could be involved in certain pathological conditions arising from elevated blood pressure. This study evaluated the effects of various antihypertensive drugs on capillary permeability in the normal rat, using Evan's blue dye (EB) ...
Sharma J N - - 1996
1. The kallikrein-kinin system has a significant role in regulating arterial blood pressure. 2. Reduced formation of the kinin compontents may cause hypertensive diseases. This is because of the fact that this system is responsible for vasodilatation, reduction in total peripheral resistance, natriuresis, diuresis, increasing renal blood flow and releasing ...
Pinto Y M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the haemodynamic profile and tolerability of imidapril, a new long-acting ACE inhibitor, and to investigate the effect of inhibition of circulating ACE on blood pressure in patients with stable chronic heart failure. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with stable, chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional Class ...
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