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Results 401 - 450 of 1041
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Khoury A F - - 1992
The marked increase in cardiovascular events that occur in the early morning hours could be related to a significant rise in blood pressure at this time but there is uncertainty as to whether this rise in pressure occurs before, at, or after awakening. Automatic blood pressure and pulse measurements were ...
Diker E - - 1992
Nifedipine, a calcium-channel-blocking agent, was administered orally to 44 untreated patients (Group A) and sublingually to 51 untreated patients (Group B) who had a diastolic blood pressure more than 90 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure more than 140 mm Hg. The mean pretreatment systolic and diastolic blood pressure values ...
Eber B - - 1992
For several reasons, increasing numbers of patients with hypertension are treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium channel blockers. In a twenty-four week, double-blind, randomized, parallel study, the antihypertensive effect of lisinopril (20 to 80 mg qd) and nifedipine (20 to 80 mg bid) were compared in 21 patients. Fourteen ...
Haustein K O - - 1992
The effect of calcium antagonist nifedipine (N) was studied in the changes of blood pressure, total peripheral resistance, activity of the transport membrane ATPase of erythrocyte ghosts, the plasma level of digitalis-like factor and the plasma renin activity. The studies were performed in 10 healthy volunteers and in 19 hypertensive ...
Khuroo M S - - 1992
1. Twenty-eight patients who fulfilled entry criteria for sphincter of Oddi dysfunction were randomly allocated to receive nifedipine and placebo in a cross over design with 12 week treatment periods separated by a 2 week wash-out. 2. All patients had episodic pain resembling biliary pain, had previously undergone cholecystectomy, had ...
Soons P A - - 1992
The intraindividual variability in pharmacokinetics and effects of oral nifedipine (10 mg), administered with 1 week intervals, was investigated in twelve young healthy subjects. The population estimate of the coefficient of intraindividual variability (CVw) in AUC of nifedipine (13%) was much smaller than the pure between-subject variability (CVb 54%). The ...
Wimmer M - - 1992
The hemodynamic effect of long-term nifedipine medication was studied in 10 children, 3-12 years of age, five with ventricular septal defect and five with complete atrioventricular septal defect; all had Eisenmenger's reaction, seven also had Down's syndrome. They underwent heart catheterization prior to and during 1-4 years of nifedipine therapy. ...
Smout A J - - 1992
The effects of nifedipine (20 mg orally) on esophageal body resting tone and perception of esophageal distension were compared with those of placebo in 10 healthy volunteers, using a double-blind crossover design. A 3-cm silicon balloon positioned 10 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter was inflated with 2-20 ml of ...
Belfort M A MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cape - - 1992
The calcium antagonist nisoldipine (Bayer-Miles) was given orally (20 mg, 8-hourly) in the management of 12 selected cases of severe postpartum pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Each patient acted as her own control in this pilot study. A rapid fall in systolic (P less than 0.01) and diastolic (P less than 0.01) ...
Nishimura H - - 1992
This study investigated whether nifedipine administered in divided daily doses would diminish left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We administered nifedipine (12 mg/kg/day) in 3 divided doses by gastric gavage to 15-week-old male SHR (n = 10) for 4 weeks. Age- and sex-matched SHR served as controls ...
Burnstein A - - 1992
Nifedipine, a calcium channel blocker, has been used to treat autonomic hyperreflexia in quadriplegics undergoing invasive urological procedures. We present a case of autonomic hyperreflexia triggered by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in which nifedipine was used successfully to treat the hypertensive crisis on 1 occasion and subsequently it was used ...
Chibana T - - 1992
Effects of FRC 8653, a new dihydropyridine derivative, on regional blood flow, cardiac function and myocardial oxygen consumption were examined and compared with those of nifedipine in anesthetized open-chest dogs. Intravenous administration of FRC 8653 at doses of 1, 3 and 10 micrograms/kg dose-dependently decreased aortic pressure and increased aortic, ...
Komsuo─člu S S - - 1992
Hypertensive emergencies, including hypertensive encephalopathy represents an acute threat to vital organ functions and call for urgent treatment. The intravenous medications currently available for the management of hypertensive emergencies, have significant potential for serious side effects and acute lowering of blood pressure has often been the cause of considerable morbidity ...
Savi L - - 1992
Hypertensive urgencies are clinical settings in which a steady therapeutic intervention is needed, but this may be safely stretched over some hours. An appropriate antihypertensive drug to use in an urgency should show a potent but gradual effect: it should reduce BP in a short time and it should be ...
Ferder L - - 1992
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium antagonists are effective agents for controlling high blood pressure in diabetic patients. We selected 30 type II diabetic patients with proteinuria and evaluated the effect of these drugs on renal function and proteinuria. In a double-blind trial, patients received either 40 mg/day enalapril or ...
Ulvenstam G - - 1992
Patients with stable, effort-induced angina pectoris and a typical combination of anginal pain and ischemic ST depression in exercise tolerance tests were randomized to treatment for 8 weeks with nicorandil (a newly developed antianginal and anti-ischemic drug) or nifedipine. After 4 weeks, the dosage of nicorandil was increased from 10 ...
Tada Y - - 1992
A 72-year-old woman with 5-year history of essential hypertension developed peritoneal tuberculosis. The patient's hypertension, which had been well-controlled by long-acting nifedipine, deteriorated after the administration of rifampicin, an antitubercular agent. During use of nifedipine and rifampicin, both the peak plasma concentration and the area under the curve of nifedipine ...
Szász K - - 1992
1. It is a reliable nitroglycerin (NTG) form influencing circulation and haemodynamics like other nitroglycerin products, 2. It is easily applicable, 3. Its use is advantageous especially for the prevention of pressure elevation occurring in response to physical exercise thus for the prevention of effort angina as well, 4. It ...
Micheli D - - 1992
This paper describes the results of a series of experiments in pithed rat, infused with angiotensin II, in order to characterize better vascular selectivity of lacidipine in comparison with other calcium entry blockers, namely amlodipine, verapamil and diltiazem. Lacidipine induced dose-related decreases in blood pressure (ED25% for mean blood pressure ...
Porchet H C - - 1992
The concentration-effect relationships of (+/-)-nicardipine and nifedipine have been investigated in hypertensive geriatric patients. Following a parallel group, randomised, double blind trial design, they received either slow release nifedipine 20 mg b.d. (n = 9) or slow release (+/-)-nicardipine 50 mg b.d. (n = 10) for 7 days. On Days ...
Faust G - - 1992
In one multicenter, double-blind study, 659 hypertensive patients were treated for 16 weeks with either nilvadipine (n = 326) or nifedipine (n = 333). The major objective of the study was to compare the compatibility of the two calcium antagonists with regard to hepatic compatibility and side-effect profiles. The dosages ...
Honerjäger P - - 1992
Nilvadipine is a new calcium antagonist of the dihydropyridine type. It reduces blood pressure by high-affinity blockade of calcium channels in arterial cells, which leads to relaxation of arterial vessels. Nilvadipine has both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic advantages compared to nifedipine (the prototype of the dihydropyridines). The duration of action is ...
Uchiyama M - - 1992
Nine hypertensive children (mean age: 5.0 years (SD: 4.5), range: 10 months to 15 years) were administered nifedipine (capsule) rectally (0.2 to 0.5 mg/kg) when their blood pressures were over 170 mmHg systolic and/or over 110 mmhg diastolic, independent of their ages. The causes of hypertension were acute glomerulonephritis (n ...
Grum D F - - 1992
We evaluated the effect of chronic oral nifedipine therapy (30-80 mg day-1) on the haemodynamic response to the alpha 1-agonist phenylephrine (PE) in 10 patients before and during halothane anaesthesia. The response was compared to a control group of eight patients not taking any cardiovascular drugs. No patients had ganglionic, ...
Waite R P - - 1992
The effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) or normal saline (0.9% NaCl) on mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP), an index of body venous tone, were studied in 10 groups (n = 6 each) of conscious, unrestrained rats continuously i.v. infused with vehicle, verapamil, both ...
Juttmann J R - - 1992
A single-center, randomized, double-blind study in 14 hypertensive patients was conducted to investigate the acute and short-term safety of the addition of carvedilol to pre-existent nifedipine sustained-release (SR) therapy as well as on the addition of nifedipine SR to pre-existent carvedilol therapy when treatment with the initial monotherapy did not ...
Zusman R M - - 1991
The effects of the nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) on blood pressure (BP), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and left ventricular (LV) performance were determined in eight patients with essential hypertension. LV systolic and diastolic performance were assessed by first-pass radionuclide cineangiography at rest and during upright bicycle exercise after initial ...
Frohlich E D - - 1991
The hemodynamic and humoral effects and trough-to-peak 24-hour blood pressure responses of 2 nifedipine formulations, capsules and continuous-release once-daily formulation tablets, were evaluated in 10 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. Both formulations reduced mean arterial pressure similarly from 120 +/- 3 (baseline) to 107 +/- 2 (p less ...
González-Carmona V M - - 1991
One hundred and eighteen patients with hypertensive urgencies and emergencies and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at least 120 mm Hg by the cuff method were seen at the Emergency Care Department; none had received calcium channel blockers during the previous twelve hours. Patients with DBP of 120 to 139 mm ...
Pandhi P - - 1991
The present study was performed to see if the combined treatment with nifedipine and dilazep offers any advantage over monotherapy with nifedipine alone in angina of effort. Thirty-three patients out of 40 with classical stable angina of effort completed this double-blind, randomized, parallel design comparative clinical trial. Both nifedipine alone ...
Dikshit M B - - 1991
Nine normal men (mean age 27.6 yr) were exposed to continuous lower-body suction pressure (LBSP) of -20 to -50 mmHg (for 5 min at each level) on four different occasions after having consumed a single oral therapeutic dose of either diltiazem, nifedipine, verapamil, or a placebo, randomly, in a single ...
Wohns D H - - 1991
This prospective study investigated whether pretreatment with intravenously administered calcium would influence the effect of nifedipine on rest hemodynamics and treadmill performance in patients with ischemic heart disease. Seventeen patients were studied after undergoing a qualifying treadmill exercise test that revealed ST segment depression indicative of ischemic heart disease. Study ...
Kojda G - - 1991
It has been reported that the lipophilicity of dihydropyridine-type calcium entry blockers may influence both their negative inotropic and their vasodilator activities. The action of nitrendipine and six related 3-ester side-chain derivatives with increasing alkyl and aryl substituents have been investigated in isolated porcine trabecular muscles and coronary artery rings. ...
Schneider E E Department of Medicine, University of Cape - - 1991
Twenty patients with acute severe hypertension were randomised to therapy with either nifedipine capsules (10 mg) or captopril tablets (25 mg) given sublingually and the blood pressure recorded for 240 minutes. Oral monotherapy with either agent followed for 3 weeks, then the agents were combined for a further 2 weeks ...
Shaheen O - - 1991
Nifedipine, a calcium channel blocker, is widely used in the management of hypertension, angina and cardiac arrhythmias. In this study, the bioequivalence of two pharmaceutical formulations of nifedipine, Nifecard (10 mg capsules) manufactured by Dar Al-Dawa Development and Investment Co, Ltd. and Adalat (10 mg capsules) manufactured by Bayer Pharmaceutical ...
Alloui A - - 1991
The cardiovascular effects of oxodipine, a new dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker, were studied after i.v. administration to chloralose-anesthetized dogs, and compared with those of nitrendipine. Nitrendipine produced more marked decreases than oxodipine in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and in total peripheral resistance. No significant modification of heart rate ...
Tamargo J - - 1991
The cardiovascular effects of elgodipine (IQB-875, CAS 119413-55-7), a new phenyldihydropyridine derivative, were studied and compared with those of other dihydropyridines. In isolated guinea-pig atria elgodipine, nifedipine and oxodipine decreased atrial rate and contractile force and in atrial and ventricular muscle fibres shortened the action potential duration (APD) at both ...
Houston M C - - 1991
Forty-nine patients, with ages ranging from eighteen to seventy years and with mild to moderate primary hypertension (sitting diastolic blood pressure of greater than or equal to 95 mmgH and less than or equal to 115 mmHg) were randomized into a twenty-one-week, double-blind, prospective study to determine the effects of ...
DeQuattro V - - 1991
The safety and efficacy of benazepril, as monotherapy or as part of combination therapy with the diuretic hydrochlorothiazide, have been assessed in a number of studies, including comparative trials with the antihypertensive agents propranolol and nifedipine. These studies have included over 1300 patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. Comparisons of the efficacy ...
Gambhir I S - - 1991
Effect of sublingual nifedipine was evaluated in 39 cases of hypertensive emergencies (diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 120 mm Hg with impending organ failure, loss of vital function or death). It was found to be effective (95%), safe, with prompt (with 15 minutes) and predictable response (lowering ...
Silke B - - 1991
The hemodynamic consequences of blockade at both beta-adrenoceptors and slow calcium channels is of therapeutic importance for patients with angina pectoris. The hemodynamic interaction of a new cardioselective beta blocker, celiprolol, and nifedipine was examined in an acute hemodynamic study using three prospectively matched groups with angiographically confirmed coronary artery ...
Szilvássy Z - - 1991
We compared the effects of cicletanine (10 mg/kg i.v.) and verapamil (0.1 mg/kg i.v.) on heart rate, ventricular effective refractory period, systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure and overpacing-induced ST-segment elevation detected by right ventricular intracavital electrogram in conscious rabbits. Cicletanine significantly reduced overpacing-induced ST-segment elevation, which is an indicator ...
Michel M C - - 1991
The present study was designed to investigate the role of plasma catecholamines in the regulation of adrenoceptors in human hypertension. Thirty-three patients with newly detected essential hypertension were treated for 4 weeks with either nifedipine (2 x 20 mg/day), hydergine (2 x 2 mg/day), or both (20 and 2 mg/day, ...
Frohlich E D - - 1991
Most symposia concerned with the therapeutic roles of calcium antagonists first emphasize their extreme structural, chemical, and pharmacological heterogeneity. However, following these considerations, clinical discussions usually suggest that these agents are clinically and physiologically similar. Thus, investigators acknowledge greater vasodilating and hypotensive capabilities of one or another compound and rank ...
Momomura S - - 1991
An animal experimental model which stimulates human effort angina, especially in terms of diastolic abnormalities, was developed using isovolumically beating perfused rat hearts. Using this model, we studied the effects of nifedipine, a Ca2+ channel blocker, on diastolic properties during pacing-induced ischemia. When the preload of the left ventricle was ...
Thaler I - - 1991
Calcium channel blockers have been used successfully in the treatment of pregnancy hypertension and premature labor. Only limited information related to their effect on uterine blood flow during pregnancy is available. In this study we measured the ratio between peak systolic to end-diastolic flow velocity (S/D ratio) in the ascending ...
Baunack A R - - 1991
In this paper the pharmacodynamic effects of calcium channel blockers (verapamil, nifedipine, diltiazem, fendiline, nitrendipine, nimodipine, and nisoldipine) on esophageal motility in man and their clinical effects in patients with various forms of primary esophageal motility disorders are critically analysed and summarized. The evaluation of efficacy and safety is mainly ...
Morykwas M J - - 1991
Intravenous fluorescein is frequently used to assess tissue perfusion and predict flap viability, although its safety has recently been questioned due to cardiovascular side effects. Vital signs of 50 patients who received fluorescein were monitored by anesthesiologist to assess flap viability. Blood pressure readings were recorded at 5-minute intervals for ...
Mitrovic V - - 1991
In ten patients (age: 47-59 yr) with moderately severe essential hypertension, the humoral and hemodynamic effects of a 4-day therapy with 2 x 75 micrograms clonidine, 2 x 20 mg nifedipine (slow-release), and their combination were investigated and compared with baseline values. The following measurements were observed under clonidine (C), ...
Maetzel F K - - 1991
The main aim of this study was to investigate whether a new slow-release formation of nicardipine can control hypertension and whether its antihypertensive effect is manifest throughout the dose intervals. In a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study, the antihypertensive effect of two calcium antagonists (Type II) was investigated in two independent ...
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