Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1029
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Tobias J D - - 1996
The authors present the use of nicardipine to control mean arterial pressure (MAP) in a 19-month-old boy who required venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 11 days for treatment of hydrocarbon aspiration. Nicardipine is an intravenously administered dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist whose primary physiological action includes vasodilatation. Unlike other calcium channel ...
Voet D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: In a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study the acute effect of sublingual nifedipine (10 mg) on the superior mesenteric artery pulsatility index (p.i.) was studied over 60 min in 12 healthy subjects (Age 43 y). METHODS: p.i. was considered as a parameter of vascular resistance and was calculated as the ...
Seki K - - 1996
The effect of nifedipine on ventriculoarterial coupling was examined in 8 patients with old myocardial infarction who showed a depressed ejection fraction (37 +/- 7%). Left ventricular (LV) pressure and LV volume were determined simultaneously by micromanometer and conductance catheter, respectively. We measured the slope (Ees) of the end-systolic pressure-volume ...
Grandi A M - - 1996
Using digitized M-mode echocardiography, we evaluated the acute effect of nifedipine on left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in 30 untreated hypertensives, evaluated at rest and during handgrip, both before and 30' after nifedipine (20 mg sublingually). At rest, after nifedipine blood pressure and end-systolic wall stress significantly decreased and peak ...
Kanda A - - 1995
The cardiovascular effects of NT-1, a new patch form of nitroglycerin, alone and in combination with nifedipine in conscious dogs were examined. NT-1 (2.5 mg kg-1 nitroglycerin) decreased systolic blood pressure by 10-15%, while diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were not affected. Coronary blood flow and calculated rate-pressure product ...
Isomoto S - - 1995
To investigate the clinical effects of MS-551, a Class III antiarrhythmic agent, 11 patients underwent electrophysiological study. MS-551 was given intravenously as an initial dose of 0.2 or 0.3 mg/kg for 5 minutes followed by the continuous infusion at 0.2 or 0.3 mg/kg for 30 minutes, respectively, in all patients. ...
Vincent J L - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of hypocalcaemia is known to be elevated in critically ill patients, but the expected benefit from calcium repletion in hypocalcaemic patients has not been well defined. The objective of the present study was therefore prospective determination of the cardiovascular response to calcium administration in critically ill patients ...
Polónia J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; aspirin and indomethacin) on the renal and antihypertensive effects of enalapril and nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) in patients with essential hypertension. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a crossover study, 18 patients on an unrestricted-salt diet were randomly assigned to receive ...
Joshi P P - - 1995
This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy of intravenous (i.v.) magnesium sulphate 2 gm bolus in sustained supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and atrial flutter-fibrillation with fast ventricular rate of more than 160/min (AF-FVR) and to compare it with i.v. verapamil 5 mg. In this randomised controlled trial, 68 cases ...
Moncica I - - 1995
In a crossover design, control of blood pressure by extended release felodipine was compared with control by prolonged action nifedipine in 21 children with renal hypertension. Compliance with once daily felodipine was higher than with nifedipine, at 95.6 (SEM 2.7)% v 78.9 (6.0)% (p = 0.02). Mean diastolic blood pressure ...
Myers M G - - 1995
1,4-Dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, which have a rapid onset and short duration of action, tend to increase sympathetic activity, which may limit the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy when used for the treatment of hypertension. This study compares the effects of the shorter-acting formulation of nifedipine (PA) with longer-acting felodipine (ER) ...
Kailasam M T - - 1995
Calcium channel antagonists differ by class in reported frequency of side effects that suggest reflex sympathoadrenal activation. Do such differences result from differential effects on autonomic and baroreflex function? The present study compared acute and chronic effects of two classes of calcium channel antagonists, the dihydropyridine type (felodipine) and the ...
Ferreira-Filho S R - - 1995
We evaluated the systemic haemodynamic alterations induced by slow-release nifedipine administered to elderly hypertensive patients, 20 mg twice daily by the oral route for 4 weeks. A non-invasive chest electrical bio-impedance method was used to detect changes in stroke volume and cardiac output. The random, double-blind, crossover study showed variations ...
Visser W - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a single oral dose of nifedipine with those of intravenous dihydralazine on central haemodynamics in pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: A prospective comparative study. SETTING: The High Risk Obstetric Unit, University Hospital Rotterdam Dijkzigt, Rotterdam. SUBJECTS: Twenty patients with severe pre-eclampsia between 27 ...
Kwawukume E Y - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of nifedipine (Cordipin) and hydralazine in lowering blood pressure in severe preeclampsia. METHOD: A randomized, prospective study of 104 patients with severe preeclampsia in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana, was conducted between January ...
Ting C T - - 1995
Previous studies have shown some distinct hemodynamic alterations in essential hypertension, including increased resistance, wave reflections, and pulse wave velocity and decreased arterial compliance. These abnormalities are completely normalized by nonspecific smooth muscle dilation with nitroprusside but not by combined alpha- and beta-adrenergic blockade or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, suggesting an ...
Forster C - - 1995
Contractions of the dorsal pedal artery and saphenous vein to phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu), 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), and 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4 alpha-phorbol) were measured from dogs with and without pacing-induced heart failure. The effects of polymyxin B (a relatively selective protein kinase C inhibitor), nifedipine (calcium channel blocker), and prazosin ...
Leeman M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To examine the central hemodynamic and blood gas responses to sublingual captopril and nifedipine administration in patients with arterial hypertension after abdominal aortic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, parallel-group clinical study. SETTING: Twenty-nine-bed medical-surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty patients with arterial hypertension (mean arterial pressure ...
Hata T - - 1995
Nifedipine has been used to treat hypertension in pregnancy, and does not influence fetal or uteroplacental circulations in patients with preeclampsia. A 29-year-old multi-gravid woman presented at 32 weeks' gestation with significant elevation of her blood pressure. After sublingual administration of nifedipine, the blood pressure decreased from 208/122 to 136/96 ...
Shimamoto H - - 1995
We compared the systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of nifedipine and lisinopril in 26 elderly hypertensive patients with the use of the pulsed Doppler ultrasound technique. Nifedipine is a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, and lisinopril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. The study had a single-blind crossover design: nifedipine and lisinopril were ...
Schwartz J B - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Age-related differences in responses to verapamil have been noted in both intact humans and isolated denervated perfused rat hearts. The study was designed to determine the effects of aging on intracardiac conduction and pharmacodynamic responses to verapamil, and also to determine the potential role of autonomic responses in previously ...
Cholley B P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive evaluation of arterial load characteristics and left ventricular energetics in systemic hypertension has been limited by the need for invasive techniques to access instantaneous aortic pressure and flow. As a consequence of this methodological limitation, no data exist on the effects of long-term antihypertensive therapy on global ...
Isles C G - - 1995
Hypertensive crises are now uncommon in developed countries, and few doctors will have experience in their management. A review of the drugs used by clinicians in Scotland suggests considerable diversity in approach but broadly follows the best advice that is available in the literature. For emergencies such as hypertensive encephalopathy ...
Kirpizidis H G - - 1995
The effects of fosinopril and nifedipine on left ventricular (LV) mass were evaluated in 35 hypertensive patients with LV mass index greater than 110 g/m2 in female and 130 g/m2 in male patients. The goal of therapy was also to obtain a seated diastolic blood pressure (SDBP) of less than ...
Abdel-Razek A - - 1995
Thirty six patients ASA 1 or 2, undergoing surgery that required tracheal intubation, were allocated randomly into three groups of twelve each. Before induction of anesthesia, they received either saline, 10 mg, nifedipine sublingual, or fentanyl 1.5 micrograms.kg-1 IV. Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SAP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), ...
St?a-Birketvedt G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the blood pressure response and body fat in patients treated with the calcium entry blocker nifedipine. SUBJECTS: Forty untreated subjects with moderate hypertension completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and body fat (measured by ...
Palma-Aguirre J. A. - - 1995
Nifedipine, 10-mg capsules, were given orally and sublingually to six healthy volunteers according to a randomized crossover design. Nifedipine plasma levels, blood pressure, and heart rate were determined at several times after medication. C(max) was higher (134 plus minus 17 vs. 93 plus minus 2 ng ml(minus sign1), mean plus ...
Luo R J - - 1995
Ilexonin A (IA), a pentacyclic triterpene, has been semisynthesized in china for the first time. It is extracted from the root of Ilicis pubescentis, a commonly used herbal medicine in Guangdong for the treatment of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases and heart failure with satisfactory effects. The pharmacokinetic studies ...
Zanchetti A - - 1995
This study compared the effects on blood pressure and some metabolic variables of a 3-month period addition therapy of urapidil or metoprolol in 273 hypertensive non-responders to nifedipine sustained release (SR) monotherapy. This was a randomised, open-label, controlled, parallel-group comparative study, followed by another 3-month period during which all patients ...
Shrier I - - 1995
Pressure-flow relations in the canine hindlimb can be well explained by a vascular waterfall at the arteriolar level. Under these conditions, P(art) = Pcrit + Q.Rart, where P(art) is the arterial pressure, Pcrit is the waterfall pressure, Q is regional flow, and Rart is the arterial resistance of the vessels ...
Hartmann A - - 1994
The short-term effects of nifedipine on glomerular hemodynamics, sieving function, and renal tubular function were assessed in 10 patients suffering from biopsy-verified chronic glomerulonephritis. Three weeks of nifedipine treatment after 2 wk of placebo significantly reduced the blood pressure from 153 +/- 6/90 +/- 3 to 139 +/- 6/84 +/- ...
Staessen J A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: A large number of antihypertensive drugs have been approved for administration once or twice a day, but no standardized evidence is required to demonstrate that the reduction in blood pressure is sustained over 24 h. AIM: To test the validity of claims of a long duration of action for ...
Greminger P - - 1994
The nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) is a recently developed controlled-release formulation for once-a-day dosing. We evaluated the influence of morning versus evening administration of the drug in a randomized double-blind cross-over study including 15 essential hypertensives. Five patients had to be excluded from blood pressure analysis because of noncompliance ...
Zanchetti A - - 1994
OLD VERSUS NEWER DIHYDROPYRIDINE CALCIUM ANTAGONISTS: First-generation dihydropyridines have a short duration of antihypertensive action, which requires more than one daily dose in order to produce a relatively 'smooth' antihypertensive effect. However, more recent molecules or preparations have been shown to possess a much longer and smoother action. TROUGH:PEAK RATIOS ...
Bortolotti M - - 1994
Oesophageal motor activity was recorded manometrically with a low compliance system in 16 patients with achalasia and a slightly dilated oesophagus. After a basal recording period, nifedipine 20 mg was given sublingually to 9 patients and isosorbide dinitrate 5 mg to another 7 patients. Lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (LESp) and ...
Ohno S - - 1994
A series of new (5R,8S,10R)-ergoline derivatives was synthesized, and their antihypertensive and dopaminergic activities were evaluated in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats and in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesions of the substantia nigra, respectively. (5R,8S,10R)-6-Methyl-8- ergolinemethanols, prepared from the corresponding ergolinecarboxylates, were converted to the tosylates, which were treated with various ...
Erdemli O - - 1994
In the present study, the effects of three classes of L-type calcium channel-blocking agents, nifedipine, verapamil and diltiazem, on the lobar arterial pressure and the vasoconstrictor responses in the pulmonary vascular bed were compared to those of cromakalim, a KATP channel activator, in the anaesthetized cat under controlled pulmonary blood ...
Galletti F - - 1994
The authors studied the antihypertensive effect and tolerability of a new sustained-release formulation of nifedipine 50 mg once a day, in comparison with nifedipine retard 20 mg twice a day in patients with mild or moderate primary arterial hypertension. Both treatments significantly lowered blood pressure with no difference in daily ...
Attwood S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are definable subgroups of patients with essential hypertension who respond specifically to particular antihypertensive drugs. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over comparison of the antihypertensive effect of 50 mg atenolol per day, 10 mg lisinopril per day and 20 mg nifedipine retard twice a day. Ambulatory blood pressure ...
Rinaldi G - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vasodilators produce a fall in mean blood pressure (MBP) that is directly proportional to baseline MBP. DESIGN: The effects on blood pressure of three calcium channel blockers, nitrendipine, nisoldipine and verapamil, were compared with sodium nitroprusside, a drug acting through a different mechanism. The drugs were ...
Meredith P A - - 1994
The predictability of the long term antihypertensive response to nifedipine in individual patients has been assessed by an analysis based upon the concentration-effect parameters defined following the first dose administration of 20 mg nifedipine (Retard). The predicted and measured reductions in blood pressure during steady state nifedipine treatment were compared ...
Vulpis V - - 1994
Aim of this study is to investigate the haemodynamic effects, after the short and long-term antihypertensive treatment. After a wash-out period and a placebo treatment period, 30 hypertensive patients received verapamil SR (slow release, 240 mg o.d.) for 30 days. A significant decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure was ...
Chacón-Quevedo A - - 1994
In the light of the current controversy surrounding the use of hemorheologic and vasodilator drugs in the treatment of peripheral arteriosclerosis, a comparative study was designed in order to evaluate the efficacy of pentoxifylline, buflomedil, and nifedipine in 45 patients with peripheral arterial disease (Fontaine stage II). The patients in ...
Fagan T C - - 1994
The efficacy and tolerability of extended-release felodipine (felodipine-ER) and nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (nifedipine GITS) were compared in a multicenter, prospective, open-label clinical trial of 277 patients with mild-to-moderate uncomplicated essential hypertension (sitting diastolic blood pressure [SiDBP] > or = 95 and < or = 115 mm Hg). After a ...
Zanchetti A - - 1994
AIM: To evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy of nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS), a slow-release formulation of nifedipine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomly allocated, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was set up with 126 essential hypertensives who were assessed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. A 2-week placebo run-in phase was followed by treatment ...
Magann E F - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the ability of uterine curettage and nifedipine to accelerate postpartum recovery from severe preeclampsia. METHODS: Forty-five parturients with severe preeclampsia were randomly assigned to one of three groups following delivery. Patients in group 1 were managed with intravenous magnesium sulfate (2 g/hour) and observed in the obstetric ...
Imai K - - 1994
Three types of calcium antagonists, diltiazem, verapamil and nicardipine, were separately infused into Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (under pentobarbital anesthesia n = 5) through the left femoral vein at four different flow rates. Mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate and the concentration of plasma catecholamines (CAs), epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE) and ...
Gardner J P - - 1994
Earlier investigations showed a positive correlation between basal cytosolic free calcium in human platelets and blood pressure; however, recent studies have failed to show this relation. We undertook the present work to examine which platelet cytosolic calcium parameters (namely, cytosolic calcium in resting or stimulated states in calcium-containing and calcium-free ...
Jayawardana J - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To compare nifedipine (group 1) with methyldopa (group 2) in the management of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). DESIGN: A prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Obstetric Unit, General Hospital, Peradeniya. PATIENTS: A total of 126 patients with PIH were allocated alternately to either group. The patients in group 1 received nifedipine ...
Thyberg M - - 1994
In 10 patients with a reflex urinary bladder after a cervical or high thoracic spinal cord injury, the effect of nifedipine on the cystometry-induced elevation of blood pressure was studied. The blood pressure was measured every 30 s in four consecutive cystometries before and after administration of 10 mg nifedipine ...
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