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Sabharwal Nikant Kumar NK Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, Middlesex, - - 2005
Imidapril is an ACE inhibitor that is licensed for use in the treatment of hypertension. Studies assessing regression of left ventricular hypertrophy are limited, especially those comparing imidapril with other antihypertensive agents. Single-centre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study carried out in a district general hospital. Eighty-six patients with untreated hypertension ...
Reed Matthew - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of hypotension and bradyarrhythmia caused by verapamil toxicity in a patient prescribed telithromycin. CASE SUMMARY: A 76-year-old white woman receiving verapamil 180 mg/day for hypertension experienced a sudden onset of shortness of breath and weakness and was found to be profoundly hypotensive and bradycardic, with ...
Munakata Masanori - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of long-term antihypertensive treatment on brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of systemic arterial stiffness, between angiotensin II receptor blocker valsartan and long-acting calcium channel blocker nifedipine coat-core. METHODS: Forty-one patients (54 +/- 3 years of age, 20 ...
Jerums G - - 2004
AIMS: To assess the efficacy of an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (perindopril), a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (sustained release nifedipine) and placebo in preventing the progression of albuminuria and decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with Type 2 diabetes and microalbuminaria. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open, blinded ...
Girvin Briegeen G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare blood pressure control during 7 days of drug omission in patients taking bendroflumethiazide 2.5 mg, nifedipine LA 30 mg or enalapril 20 mg once daily and, secondarily, to measure patient compliance. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with hypertension were assigned, in a random crossover fashion, to a sequence of ...
Ruzicka Marcel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dihydropyridines have both sympathoexcitatory and sympathoinhibitory effects. To date, the latter have been characterized only in animals. During chronic treatment with long-acting dihydropyridines, sympathoexcitatory effects mediated via the arterial baroreflex are unlikely. However, increases in plasma angiotensin II in response to dihydropyridines could contribute to increases in sympathetic activity ...
Yanturali S - - 2004
Patients with severely increased blood pressure often present to the emergency department. Rapid lowering of blood pressure can precipitate or worsen end organ damage. We report two cases that developed cerebrovascular and cardiovascular adverse events associated with aggressive treatment of increased blood pressure by the use of sublingual nifedipine capsule. ...
Minami Junichi - - 2004
Nifedipine is a short-acting calcium antagonist formulated into several different oral preparations, each of which may have different effects on haemodynamics and autonomic nervous function. We compared the effects of nifedipine controlled-release (CR) and nifedipine retard on 24-h blood pressure, heart rate, rate-pressure product, and power spectral measures of heart ...
Kojima Masayoshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Since antihypertensive effects of most calcium channel blockers largely depend on their plasma concentrations, a rapid increase in blood pressure may occur as circulating levels of such blockers decrease after hemodialysis. Thus, the effects of benidipine and nifedipine CR (extended-release coated tablets, Adalat CR), which are long-acting calcium channel ...
Cherubini Antonio - - 2003
This study was conducted to compare the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of lercanidipine with those of lacidipine and nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic systems in patients aged 65 years or above with mild-to-moderate hypertension. Patients were randomized to receive lercanidipine 5 mg, lacidipine 2 mg, or nifedipine 30 mg for 24 weeks. ...
Bellinghieri Guido - - 2003
Several studies suggest the distinctive advantages of ACE-inhibitors and calcium-channel blockers in protecting the residual renal function in hypertensive patients. Pre-clinical and clinical studies have shown rare adverse events in the treatment with manidipine, which is commonly used as antihypertensive drug. We therefore decided to compare the effects of manidipine ...
Joubert K E - - 2003
Diminazene aceturate is a commonly used antibabesial agent. It has been postulated that diminazine may induce a decrease in blood pressure and exacerbate the hypotension presented in dogs with babesiosis. This study was undertaken to assess the effect of diminazine aceturate on the blood pressure of healthy dogs. Six healthy ...
Koldas Lale - - 2003
The short-term (three months) effects of rilmenidine on systemic hypertension induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions in comparison with those of perindopril and nifedipine-slow release (SR) formulation were studied. The short-term effects of rilmenidine on biochemical parameters and lipid profiles were evaluated. Sixty patients ...
Romito Roberta - - 2003
This multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group study compared the effects of three dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (lercanidipine, felodipine, and nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system) on blood pressure and heart rate in 250 patients with mild to moderate hypertension (diastolic blood pressure > or =95 and 109 mm Hg). Patients were randomized to 4 ...
Papatsonis D N M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the hemodynamic and metabolic changes after ritodrine and nifedipine tocolysis. METHODS: For an open randomized study, patients with preterm labor (N=185) were allocated to groups to receive ritodrine intravenously (N=90) or nifedipine orally (N=95). RESULTS: The mean diastolic blood pressure was ...
Sakaki Takatoshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Administration of short-acting antihypertensive agents to patients with ischemic heart disease results in increased sympathetic nervous activity and is associated with worsened outcomes. Cilnidipine is an agent which blocks not only L-type calcium channels at the smooth muscle in the artery, but also N-type calcium channels at the presynaptic ...
Terpstra Willem F - - 2003
Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that calcium-channel blockers may retard the atherosclerotic process after long-term treatment. Whether these effects exist after intermediate-term treatment in hypertensive patients is mainly unknown. To determine the 26-week effects of the long-acting calcium-channel blocker nifedipine on intima media thickness (IMT) in newly found hypertensive patients. ...
Kawano Hiroaki - - 2003
Although the blood pressure-lowering action of some long-acting calcium antagonists may last more than 24 h, some patients taking this drug still experience a morning surge, i.e. an early morning increase in blood pressure. We evaluated this morning surge in three hypertensive patients with morning surge after administration of antihypertensive ...
Ghiadoni Lorenzo - - 2003
To compare the effect of antihypertensive drugs on endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the peripheral conduit arteries of patients with essential hypertension, in a prospective, randomized, parallel group study, endothelial function was assessed in 168 hypertensive patients before and after 6-month treatment with randomly assigned nifedipine GITS (30 to 60 mg, n=28), ...
Taddei Stefano - - 2003
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of combination therapy using the angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitor lisinopril and the dihydropyridine calcium antagonist nifedipine GITS on the degree and homogeneity of 24-hour blood pressure reduction in essential hypertensive patients. After a 4-week placebo run-in period, 51 patients (mean age, 54.4 +/- ...
Hao Shuanglin - - 2003
Endomorphin-1 is a novel endogenous mu-opioid ligand. We investigated the antinociceptive interaction between endomorphin-1 and nifedipine, an L-type calcium channel blocker, microinjected into the midbrain ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vPAG), using the spinally-organized tail-flick test and the supraspinally-organized tail-pressure test in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were stereotaxically implanted with a guide cannula ...
Novak Barbara L - - 2003
Hypertension is a potentially dangerous side effect of erythropoietin treatment; however, extreme elevations in blood pressure are rare. A 75-year-old woman with chronic renal insufficiency was treated with subcutaneous erythropoietin. Three weeks before she started receiving erythropoietin, her hematocrit was 27.2%; after 5 weeks of treatment, it rose to 45.7%. ...
Simon Alain - - 2003
Given the major role of elevated blood pressure in the pathogenesis of both stroke and coronary heart disease, one of the biggest challenges facing public health authorities and medical practitioners is the control of hypertension worldwide, both in individual patients and at the population level. The prevalence of hypertension increases ...
Gemici Kani - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to show the effects of sublingually administered nifedipine and captopril on middle cerebral arterial blood flow during hypertensive crisis in the emergency department. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) was performed on the patients fulfilling the criteria (15 patients given captopril, 13 patients given ...
Terpstra Willem F - - 2003
Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that calcium-channel blockers may retard the atherosclerotic process after long-term treatment. Whether these effects exist after intermediate-term treatment in hypertensive patients is mainly unknown. To determine the 26-week effects of the long-acting calcium-channel blocker nifedipine on intima media thickness (IMT) in newly found hypertensive patients. ...
Kawano Hiroaki - - 2003
Although the blood pressure-lowering action of some long-acting calcium antagonists may last more than 24 h, some patients taking this drug still experience a morning surge, i.e. an early morning increase in blood pressure. We evaluated this morning surge in three hypertensive patients with morning surge after administration of antihypertensive ...
Seely Stephen - - 2002
When the heart contracts, it compresses its own arteries, so that blood flow in the coronary circulation comes to a standstill during systole. The heart must be supplied with blood from an auxiliary supply during diastole. The auxiliary pump is the aorta and its branches. When the stroke volume is ...
Brown Mark A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the slower- and longer-acting nifedipine tablets were as effective and safe as the rapid onset and short-acting nifedipine capsules for the treatment of acute severe hypertension in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-four women in the second half of pregnancy who were ...
Kivikko M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Levosimendan is a new calcium sensitizer with additional vasodilatory properties developed for the short-term intravenous treatment of congestive heart failure. The aims of the present study were to determine the pharmacokinetics and hemodynamic effects of levosimendan and its metabolites during and after a 24-hour levosimendan infusion. METHODS: The study ...
Begum Mosammat Rashida - - 2002
This prospective study was conducted at Dhaka Medical College and Hospital, Bangladesh. The objective was to identify the time required to control high blood pressure levels in obstetric patients by injection of hydralazine in a bolus intravenous dose vs continuous drip. Seventy-seven patients with eclampsia and hypertensive emergencies comprised the ...
López-Hernández Francisco J - - 2002
The antihypertensive efficacy of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor trandolapril was evaluated in uninephrectomized spontaneously hypertensive rats. After 5 weeks of treatment, blood pressure, cardiac and aortic mass, as well as the functional status of the aortic endothelium, and the role played by the cyclooxygenase pathway were investigated. In addition, the ...
Binggeli Christian - - 2002
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is an important regulator of the circulation. Its activity is increased in hypertension and heart failure and adversely affects prognosis. Although certain drugs inhibit SNS, dihydropyridine calcium antagonists may stimulate the system. Phenylalkylamine calcium antagonists such as verapamil have a different pharmacological profile. We therefore ...
Botero R - - 2002
The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of nifedipine in two different formulations (osmotic pump and slow release microgranules) in patients with essential hypertension. A total of 91 patients with mild and moderate essential hypertension were recruited in a randomised, double-blinded trial, to receive a ...
Rodríguez-Roa E - - 2002
A double-blind, comparative and prospective study with nifedipine once a day was undertaken, in patients with mild and moderate high blood pressure. Blood pressure was measured by mercury sphygmomanometer in two positions: resting and sitting at 3, 6 and 12 weeks of treatment and by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The International Nifedipine GITS Study Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT) showed, by means of office blood pressure measurements, that long-term treatment with nifedipine GITS is as effective as diuretics in preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. However, since office blood pressure measurements reflect to a limited extent ...
Simaan May - - 2002
Pregnancy is associated with hemodynamic changes such as reduced vascular resistance and blood pressure. We reported that, during late pregnancy, the activity of voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCC) is altered in the adrenal cortex and vascular smooth muscle. These observations suggested that the late pregnancy-induced decrease in blood pressure is linked ...
Leoncini Giovanna - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Increased renal vascular resistance and microalbuminuria are associated with hypertensive target organ damage and may be predictors of hypertensive nephrosclerosis. AIM: We investigated changes in renal resistive index (RI) and urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in a group of patients with primary hypertension before and during long-term antihypertensive treatment. METHODS: ...
Pivac Nediljko - - 2002
The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacodynamic equivalence of two different slow-release formulations of nifedipine (CAS-21829-25-4). In a prospective, controlled, double-blind clinical trial, 42 patients with essential hypertension (sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 95-114 mmHg) underwent an initial washout, drug free period of 2 weeks, after which ...
Aali Bibi Shahnaz - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is one of the most serious and common complications of pregnancy. Nifedipine, a calcium channel blocker, and the vasodilator hydralazine have both been used as antihypertensive agents in this condition. The aim of this study was to determine which of these two agents is the most appropriate antihypertensive ...
Ferro A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the acute effects of nifedipine administration on left ventricular (LV) function in patients with different degrees of heart failure at a fixed heart rate under resting conditions and during moderate physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven patients with non-rate-responsive DDD pacemakers were studied. According to baseline ...
Onwubere B J - - 2001
The efficacy and tolerability of Felodipine extended-release was compared with Nifedipine retard in the management of patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. A total of one hundred and thirty three patients were screened out of which one hundred and twenty-one patients were enrolled in a 9-week multicentre open, randomised rising-dose trial to ...
Devereux R B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The Prospective Randomized Enalapril Study Evaluating Regression of Ventricular Enlargement (PRESERVE) study was designed to test whether enalapril achieves greater left ventricular (LV) mass reduction than does a nifedipine gastrointestinal treatment system by a prognostically meaningful degree on a population basis (10 g/m(2)). METHODS AND RESULTS: An ethnically diverse ...
OztaƟ B - - 2001
The interrelationship between the breakdown of the blood-brain barrier according to the Evans-blue passage and an abrupt increase in blood pressure (DeltaP) was studied in rats subjected to adrenaline-induced acute hypertension and also pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures. Arterial blood pressure was increased by adrenaline, then immediately i.v. nifedipine was injected and subsequently ...
Flynn J T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of intravenous nicardipine in the treatment of children with severe hypertension. METHODS: The medical records of 29 children (mean age 94 months) treated with intravenous nicardipine were retrospectively reviewed. The mean duration of severe hypertension before nicardipine use was 12.5 hours. Most (74%) patients were ...
Simon A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) progression was compared between 4 years of treatment with nifedipine and diuretic. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study, ancillary to the International Nifedipine GITS Study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT), involved nifedipine 30 mg or co-amilozide (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg and amiloride ...
Kubota R - - 2001
Nifedipine is frequently used for patients who require an immediate reduction of blood pressure elevated temporarily by various administration techniques including sublingual route without administrating intravenous infusion of vasodilator. A cross-over clinical study was conducted to investigate the optimal administration method of nifedipine for rapid management of hypertension. Four method ...
Sareli P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Thiazides are recommended to initiate antihypertensive drug treatment in black subjects. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of this recommendation in a South African black cohort. METHODS: Men and women (N = 409), aged 18 to 70 years, with a mean ambulatory daytime diastolic blood pressure between 90 and 114 ...
Diamond J A - - 2001
Dihydropyridine and nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCB) differ in pharmacologic characteristics. Few clinical studies distinguish effects of CCB as monotherapy. We conducted a comprehensive comparison of two CCB on patients with moderate to severe hypertension. Thirty patients with pretreatment diastolic blood pressures > or = 100 mm Hg were randomly ...
Farkas E - - 2001
Chronic hypertension during aging is a serious threat to the cerebral vasculature. The larger brain arteries can react to hypertension with an abnormal wall thickening, a loss of elasticity and a narrowed lumen. However, little is known about the hypertension-induced alterations of cerebral capillaries. The present study describes ultrastructural alterations ...
Ghiadoni L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of acute blood pressure reduction on endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the peripheral circulation of essential hypertensive patients. DESIGN: A parallel group study; endothelial function measured in 64 essential hypertensive patients before and after (2 h) treatment with nifedipine (20 mg, n = 32) or captopril (50 ...
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