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Yui Yoshiki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although antihypertensive therapy reduces cardiovascular events, it is unclear whether there are differences in cardiac remodeling and function between treatments with nifedipine retard and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is). It is also not clear how antihypertensive therapy influences cardiac remodeling and function. METHODS: Hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease were ...
Nakagawa Kumiko - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ingestion of grapefruit juice or grapefruit on the hypotensive effect and plasma concentration of dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, i.e., amlodipine and nifedipine. A 50-year-old man with essential hypertension was studied. Grapefruit juice (500 ml) was taken together with the antihypertensive ...
Aydin Mehmet Dumlu - - 2009
Nifedipine is a therapeutic drug in acute attacks of hypertension because of its rapid absorption from oral mucosa. Taste receptors are innervated by glossopharyngeal nerves (GPN) as well as by facial and vagal nerves. Sensory neurons of the GPNs are localised in the petrous ganglion (PG). Transection of the taste ...
Kodama Sunao - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to examine the antihypertensive and antihypertrophic effects of combined treatment with a long-acting calcium antagonist on top of an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) in uncontrolled hypertensive patients. Patients with essential hypertension and a blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg on ARB monotherapy (losartan ...
Beig Mirza Irfan - - 2009
Epileptic seizures are accompanied by changes in autonomic function that in turn influence the cardiovascular system (hypertension and bradyarrhythmia). We have studied possible cardioprotective activity (during the ictal state in conscious animals) of valproic acid, nifedipine, and verapamil, alone and in combination, during pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures. Telemetry system was used ...
Fukuda Michinari - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of nifedipine coat-core (once daily formulation) and amlodipine on systemic arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension. Study drugs were assigned by the randomized open-label crossover method. After the blood pressure was maintained below 130/85 mm Hg for 8 months by ...
Pise Mayurika - - 2009
The effectiveness of long acting nifedipine (Nicardia retard 10/20/30 CD) was evaluated on Indian patients in multiple centres. This was an open, prospective, clinical multicentric trial. Nearly 1632 patients satisfying the inclusion criteria were selected and given long acting nifedipine and assessed regularly for a period of one month. The ...
Zemanc?kov? A - - 2009
It is documented that in chronic hypertensive state there is an increased vasodepressor response to calcium channel antagonists such as the dihydropyridine derivate nifedipine. This effect is generally proportional to initial blood pressure as was demonstrated in several models of experimental hypertension. In the present study we investigated the effect ...
Iida Satofumi - - 2008
The aims of the study were 1) to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of nicorandil in healthy subjects and acute heart failure (AHF) patients and 2) to evaluate the exposure-response relationship with pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (PAWP) in AHF patients and to predict an appropriate dosing regimen for nicorandil. Based on the ...
Nakou E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The management of obese hypertensive subjects may require the administration of anti-obesity and antihypertensive drugs. Sibutramine use has raised concerns regarding a potential increase in subjects' blood pressure and heart rate. The primary end-points of this study were an evaluation of the effect of sibutramine together with a verapamil ...
Callan Mary Beth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The safety and feasibility of plateletpheresis using a commercially available apheresis system (COBE Spectra, Gambro BCT) were evaluated in donor dogs, with characterization of its clinical and clinicopathologic effects. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Fourteen adult dogs (18-27.7 kg) underwent a plateletpheresis procedure. Complete blood counts were obtained at baseline, ...
Curwen Jon O - - 2008
Inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF) signaling is a key therapeutic approach in oncology given the role of VEGF in angiogenesis and vascular permeability in solid tumors. Clinical trials examining VEGF signaling inhibitors commonly report hypertension. We examined the effect of cediranib, a highly potent VEGF signaling inhibitor, on ...
Soukhova-O'Hare Galia K - - 2008
Obstructive and central apneas during sleep are associated with chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and increased cardiovascular morbidity. Spontaneously hypertensive rats exposed to CIH during postnatal days 4 to 30 develop exaggerated hypertension as adults. We hypothesized that reactive oxygen species and altered L-Ca(2+) channel activity may underlie the postnatal programming ...
Hinoi Toshihide T Department of Internal Medicine, Kure Kyosai Hospital, Kure, Japan. - - 2008
Hypertension and insulin resistance are associated with reduced coronary vasodilatory capacity, possibly caused by structural changes in the coronary resistance vessels. The goal of this study was to compare the effect of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) with that of a calcium channel blocker (CCB) on coronary flow reserve and ...
Tomita Naruya - - 2008
Agents to inhibit the renin-angiotensin system have been reported to suppress the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, the effects of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are still unclear in terms of the inhibition of the progression of AAA. Recently, several effects of CCBs beyond those associated with blood pressure ...
Bell David - - 2008
Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis is associated with hypertension, myocardial ischemia, oxidative stress and hypertrophy; expression of adrenomedullin (AM) and intermedin (IMD) and their receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMPs 1-3) is augmented in cardiomyocytes, indicating that the myocardial AM/ IMD system may be activated in response to pressure ...
Ryuzaki Munekazu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We developed a new data collection system named i-converter that could transmit data to a website via cellular phone. Using the system, we compared the effects of two calcium channel blockers on the home blood pressure. METHODS: Amlodipine and nifedipine CR were administered to 41 patients with essential hypertension ...
Kamezaki Fumihiko - - 2007
Large-scale clinical studies have indicated that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have beneficial effects against cardiovascular diseases. We designed this study to compare the effects of an ARB and a calcium channel blocker (CCB) on coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), a predictor of cardiovascular events, as estimated using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. ...
Bäumer Anselm T - - 2007
The vascular NAD(P)H oxidase contributes to endothelial dysfunction and high blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rat by enhancing superoxide production. We investigated the effects of apocynin, a NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor, on blood pressure and vascular radical and nitric oxide formation in SHR and compared its effects to the calcium ...
Tinel Hanna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The antihypertensive and organ-protective effects of the combination of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker losartan and the calcium channel blocker nifedipine were examined in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. METHODS: The rats fed with a high-salt diet developed hypertension accompanied by aorta and heart hypertrophy, and impaired renal function. ...
Davenport Kim - - 2007
Drugs are increasingly being used to promote stone passage in renal colic. Diclofenac, nifedipine and tamsulosin cause ureteric smooth muscle relaxation in vitro; however, in clinical trials nifedipine and tamsulosin promote stone passage whereas diclofenac has no apparent benefit. We adapted a ureteric pressure transducer catheter in an attempt to ...
Killeen M J MJ Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2007
We resolved roles for early afterdepolarizations (EADs) and transmural gradients of repolarization in arrhythmogenesis in Langendorff-perfused hypokalaemic murine hearts paced from the right ventricular epicardium. Left ventricular epicardial and endocardial monophasic action potentials (MAPs) and arrhythmogenic tendency were compared in the presence and absence of the L-type Ca(2+) channel blocker ...
Beckey Cherylyn - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding the efficacy, tolerability, and utility of lercanidipine in the treatment of hypertension. DATA SOURCES: A search of the literature was performed using MEDLINE (1966-September 2006), EMBASE Drugs and Pharmacology (1980-September 2006), and Current Contents/Clinical Medicine (week 24, 2005-week 30, 2006). Package inserts from lercanidipine, ...
Sudano Isabella - - 2007
Essential hypertension is associated with enhanced biological activity of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. Dihydropyridine calcium antagonists have antioxidant activity in vitro, and they improve endothelial function in vivo. We tested whether calcium antagonists also influence the biological activity of ET-1 in essential hypertensive (EH) patients in the presence ...
Bhattacharya Sanjoy K - - 2006
PURPOSE: To demonstrate that elevated pressure increases the peptidyl arginine deiminase 2 (PAD2) expression in cultured astrocytes in vitro that can be modulated by pharmacological agents modulating intracellular calcium. METHODS: Isolated rat brain astrocytes were subjected to pressure treatment. Western and immunohistochemical analyses detected PAD2 protein expression. Calcium measurements were ...
Olatunji L A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Administration of oral contraceptive (OC) steroids is associated with an increased risk of developing hypertension, although the mechanisms underlying this effect are not well established. This study therefore sought to investigate the effect of L-type calcium channel blocker, nifedipine on OC-induced hypertension. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats received OC (norgestrel/ethinyloestradiol) ...
Ikeda Jun-ichi - - 2006
To compare the antianginal effects of 1,4-dihydropyridine-type calcium-channel blockers, we evaluated the effects of benidipine, amlodipine, nifedipine, and efonidipine on vasopressin-induced myocardial ischemia in rats, an experimental model of angina. Intravenous administration of benidipine (3 microg/kg), amlodipine (1000 microg/kg), and nifedipine (100 microg/kg) suppressed the vasopressin-induced S-wave depression, an index ...
Saito Ikuo - - 2006
This study was designed to compare the clinical efficacy of two calcium channel blocker-based combination therapies with an angiotensin receptor blocker in Japanese patients with essential hypertension. A 16-week, double-blind, parallel-arm, randomized clinical trial was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of the combination therapy of controlled release nifedipine ...
Kolb Brittany - - 2007
Transfer function analysis of blood pressure and cerebral blood flow in humans demonstrated that cerebrovascular autoregulation operates most effectively for slow fluctuations in perfusion pressure, not exceeding a frequency of approximately 0.15 Hz. No information on the dynamic properties of cerebrovascular autoregulation is available in rats. Therefore, we tested the ...
Noda Toshitaka - - 2006
Nifedipine 10 mg, administered sublingually to 12 patients following diagnostic cardiac catheterization, caused reduction in systemic resistance, and change of impedance together with alteration in contour of the ascending aortic and left ventricular pressure waves. The substantial reduction in ascending aortic and left ventricular systolic pressure with nifedipine occurred despite ...
Rosa Francisco - - 2006
The crustacean nervous system is an important source of substances with diverse biological activities, particularly affecting invertebrate cardiocirculatory physiology. However, the effects of these substances on the cardiovascular system of higher vertebrates are not very well documented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a cardioexcitatory ...
Steinberger, Richard E.
Ten spinal-cord-injured males who exhibited autonomic dysreflexia during electro-ejaculationwere given sublingual calcium channel blocker nifedipine pretreatment to prevent this complication. Nifedipine was successful in decreasing peak systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures during the procedure. The use of nifedipine resulted in fewer aborted trials and allowed higher energy delivery during ...
JasiƄska Magdalena - - 2006
Recent findings in vitro have shown that statins could reduce cardiomyocyte viability. The correlation between statin cardiotoxicity, assessed in vitro, and cardiac efficiency, investigated in vivo has not been estimated so far. The aim of the present experiment was to establish the impact of high-dose simvastatin on the hemodynamic parameters, ...
Kang Jaemin - - 2006
We have conducted a preliminary evaluation of the use of a code division multiple access (CDMA)-based emergency telemedicine system to be used by emergency rescuers providing first-aid treatment for patients. The prototype system included five instrumentation modules for measuring non-invasive arterial blood pressure (NIBP), arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), six-channel electrocardiogram ...
Perrotti Pasquale - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess whether topical anorectal application of an ointment containing nifedipine (0.3% w/w) and lignocaine (lidocaine) [1.5% w/w] to healthy adult volunteers gives rise to pharmacologically relevant serum levels of the active ingredients and has any haemodynamic effects or side effects. METHODS: A dose of 3g ...
Yun H-Y - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between the plasma concentration of benidipine, a long-lasting antihypertensive agent with Ca(2+)-channel-blocking properties, and its cardiovascular effects (reduction in blood pressure and increase in heart rate) in order to assess the usefulness of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) modelling in describing this relationship. METHODS: Two groups of ...
Lu Li-Hua - - 2005
This study was designed to investigate the effect of end-organ damage (EOD), the initial blood pressure levels, and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) on the blood pressure-lowering effect of nifedipine in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Nifedipine was intravenously administered at a dose of 1 mg/kg. BP was continuously recorded in the conscious ...
Nishiyama Akira - - 2006
A close relationship between changes in renal interstitial fluid (RIF) ATP concentrations and renal autoregulatory or tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF)-dependent changes in renal vascular resistance (RVR) has been demonstrated, but it has not been determined whether the changes in RIF ATP are a consequence or the cause of the changes in ...
Sal'nikov S N - - 2005
The effect of 10 mg nifedipine on cerebral oxygenation was studied in healthy individuals. The duration of investigation was 30 min or 3 h. Nifedipine appreciably increased cerebral oxygenation (by 5.9%, p<0.01) against the background of significant increase in heart rate and negligible decrease in systolic arterial pressure. Drowsiness was ...
Heagerty A M - - 2005
Hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor, and its increasing prevalence is of great clinical concern. Despite the availability of numerous effective therapies, hypertension remains under-diagnosed and under-treated. Hypertension often coexists with other risk factors, and current guidelines recommend a multifactorial approach to management, with the aim of not only ...
McCord Jennifer L - - 2006
The early (approximately 30 min) postexercise hypotension response after a session of aerobic exercise is due in part to H1-receptor-mediated vasodilation. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential contribution of H2-receptor-mediated vasodilation to postexercise hypotension. We studied 10 healthy normotensive men and women (ages 23.7 +/- 3.4 ...
Agabiti Rosei Enrico - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Calcium antagonists, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and other drug classes either alone or in combination have been recommended for the treatment of hypertension. Nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) 20 mg is a new low-dose formulation with an improved tolerability. The aim of the present study was to compare the ...
Ueng Kwo-Chang - - 2005
AIMS: This post-marketing surveillance study assessed the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of the treatment with nifedipine OROS in hypertensive patients in Taiwan. RESULTS: A total of 2044 patients were included in 204 outpatient clinics. Patients received 30 mg or 60 mg of nifedipine OROS. Mean treatment duration was 15.8 weeks. ...
Panneerselvam Jayabal - - 2005
This study assessed and compared the effects of Balsamodendron mukul (an extract of the gum of a small tree) and nifedipine (a calcium-channel-blocking reference drug) on blood pressure, lipids, lipoproteins, and phospholipids in randomly selected patients with essential hypertension. Fifty-seven newly diagnosed hypertensive patients were randomly divided into three groups. ...
Castaneda M Patricia - - 2005
Short-acting nifedipine is still advocated for use in children with severe hypertension, but is no longer recommended for use in adults because of adverse effects from rapid blood pressure reduction. A 19 year-old adolescent with symptomatic, severe hypertension (blood pressure 180/120) received 10 mg of short-acting nifedipine sublingually for blood ...
Lima J J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To formulate and evaluate a pharmacodynamic model that characterizes the effects of S-verapamil on the circadian 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). METHODS: ABP was recorded in 19 hypertensive patients off drug, and following administration of the targeted dose of COER-V given once daily for at least 30 days. Blood ...
Lubsen Jacobus - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of nifedipine GITS on clinical outcome in patients with concurrent stable angina and hypertension. METHODS: Data from the double-blind placebo-controlled ACTION trial was stratified for hypertension (blood pressure > or = 140/90 mmHg), at baseline. RESULTS: A total of 52% of 7665 ACTION patients were ...
Pontremoli Roberto - - 2005
Hypertension is an important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease; its prevention and treatment currently represent major health concerns around the world, especially in western countries. Effective, well-tolerated drugs such as dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, to be used either alone or in combination treatments, play a key role in reducing ...
Rosei Enrico Agabiti - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Calcium antagonists, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and other drug classes either alone or in combination have been recommended for the treatment of hypertension. Nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) 20 mg is a new low-dose formulation with an improved tolerability. The aim of the present study was to compare the ...
Borghi Claudio - - 2005
Lercanidipine is a lipophilic, dihydropyridine calcium antagonist with a long receptor half-life. Its slow onset of action helps to avoid reflex tachycardia associated with other dihydropyridines (DHPs). It produces even and sustained blood pressure lowering with once-daily dosing. It has equivalent antihypertensive efficacy to many other agents and is effective ...
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