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Naranjo Diana D University of California, 3333 California St. Suite 245, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic disease that has many facets for successful management. The burden of this management falls largely on the individual and their family members. Self-management has a major influence on T1D health outcomes, and with successful management, children and adolescents with T1D can lead ...
Lump Devon D Department of Neurosurgery and Neurocritical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3rd Floor Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is characterized by the rapid onset and paroxysmal cycling of agitation and dystonia in association with autonomic symptoms. These symptoms may include the following: tachycardia, hypertension, tachypnea, fever, pupil dilation, decreased level of consciousness, diaphoresis, and ventilator dyssynchrony. In a critically ill patient, these are all ...
Perez-Terzic Carmen C From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (CPT); and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle - - 2014
Modern rehabilitation medicine is propelled by newfound knowledge aimed at offering solutions for an increasingly aging population afflicted by chronic debilitating conditions. Considered a core component of future health care, the rollout of regenerative medicine underscores a paradigm shift in patient management targeted at restoring physiologic function and restituting normative ...
Schmidt Martin M - - 2014
The author considers the various influences that have shaped his clinical practice and particular identity as a Jungian analyst. It is hoped that the sharing of these observations will, like a shard of a hologram, reflect aspects of the Jungian community as a whole. The author also attempts to put ...
Hertl M M Department of Dermatology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, - - 2014
Pemphigus encompasses a group of life-threatening autoimmune bullous diseases characterized by blisters and erosions of the mucous membranes and skin. Before the era of immunosuppressive treatment, the prognosis of pemphigus was almost fatal. Due to its rarity, only few prospective controlled therapeutic trials are available. For this reason, a group ...
Kersten F A M FA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Medical Center, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen 6500 HB, The - - 2014
What is the percentage of overtreatment, i.e. fertility treatment started too early, in couples with unexplained infertility who were eligible for tailored expectant management? Overtreatment occurred in 36% of couples with unexplained infertility who were eligible for an expectant management of at least 6 months. Prognostic models in reproductive medicine ...
Lowenstein Lior L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2014
Since 2007, the European Society of Sexual Medicine has held an annual 2-week educational residential program at Oxford. The Oxford School of Sexual Medicine provides knowledge and skills learning opportunities for healthcare professionals. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of Oxford School courses on the ...
Fred-Jaiyesimi Adediwura A Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Olabisi Onabanjo University , Sagamu Campus, Sagamu, Ogun State , Nigeria - - 2014
Abstract Context: Phytocosmetic is an important aspect of folklore medicine of many cultures whose records and information are scanty. Objectives: This study inventoried the various plants used as folklore cosmetics in some parts of Oyo, Ogun, Ekiti, and Lagos States of Nigeria by administering semi-structured questionnaires. Materials and methods: The ...
Mulinari Shai - - 2014
Biomedicine is typically defined as the branch of medicine that is based on the principles of biology and biochemistry. A central tenet for biomedicine is the notion of disease and therapeutic specificity, i.e. the idea of tailored treatments for discrete disorders underpinned by specific pathologies. The present paper is concerned ...
Swain Lindy L University Centre for Rural Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, 55-61 Uralba Street, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia, - - 2014
Back ground Home Medicines Reviews could improve the quality use of medicines and medicines adherence among Aboriginal people. Despite high level of chronic disease very few Home Medicines Review are currently being conducted for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Objective The aim of this research was to explore the ...
Molinari Angelo Claudio AC 1Thrombosis and Hemostasis Unit, Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital , Genova , - - 2014
Low-molecular weight heparins are currently the most commonly used anticoagulants in children and newborns. However, since thrombotic complications rarely occur outside large children's hospitals, physicians often encounter some practical problems in managing these treatments when a pediatric thrombosis specialist is not available. The drug of choice is enoxaparin, due to ...
Merchant Richard R Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society, 1 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 208, Toronto, ON, M4P 3A1, Canada, - - 2014
The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised Edition 2015 (the guidelines) were prepared by the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society (CAS), which reserves the right to determine their publication and distribution. Because the guidelines are subject to revision, updated versions are published annually. The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised ...
Fain Kevin M KM Kevin M. Fain and G. Caleb Alexander are with the Department of Epidemiology and the Center for Drug Safety and Effectiveness, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
We read with great interest the systematic review by King et al. analyzing opioid-related mortality in North America.(1) We believe pharmacy take-back programs are an approach that could help address this daunting epidemic. Inappropriate medicine use often arises from improper access. Most adolescents who abuse prescription drugs report obtaining them ...
Politi Mary C MC Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Despite extensive evidence on the value of patient decision support interventions (DESIs), there is no consensus on optimal DESI formats. Assessing clinicians' perceptions about DESI formats can help facilitate their adoption. The aim of this study was to assess clinicians' perceptions of DESIs formats and potential use in practice. Semi-structured ...
Wang Mingxing M Affiliated hospital, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, 130117, - - 2014
Hericium erinaceus (HE) is a fungus inhabiting the mountainous areas of the northeast territories in Asia. HE has been used in traditional folk medicine and medicinal cuisine in China, Korea and Japan. Evidence has been adduced for a variety of physiological effects, including anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-gastritis, and anti-metabolic disease properties. ...
Antoun Jumana J Family Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon - - 2014
The Balint seminar is used in many family medicine residencies to improve and strengthen the patient-doctor relationship: to make better doctors. Given the lack of Balint leaders in developing countries, the family medicine department at the American University of Beirut (AUB) decided to collaborate with the Medical University of South ...
Starr Se S School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH, 43210, - - 2014
This study differentiated groups of Ohio tree farmers through multivariate clustering of their perceived needs for forest management outreach. Tree farmers were surveyed via a mailed questionnaire. Respondents were asked to rate, on a 1-7 scale, their informational needs for 26 outreach topics, which were reduced to six factors. Based ...
Koch M S MS Biological Sciences Department, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL, 33431, USA, - - 2014
Rising sea levels and temperature will be dominant drivers of coastal Everglades' foundation communities (i.e., mangrove forests, seagrass/macroalgae, and coral reefs) by 2060 based on a climate change scenario of +1.5 °C temperature, +1.5 foot (46 cm) in sea level, ±10 % in precipitation and 490 ppm CO2. Current mangrove forest soil elevation change ...
Vogt Henrik H General Practice Research Unit, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, - - 2014
The practicing doctor, and most obviously the primary care clinician who encounters the full complexity of patients, faces several fundamental but intrinsically related theoretical and practical challenges - strongly actualized by so-called medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and multi-morbidity. Systems medicine, which is the emerging application of systems biology to medicine ...
Checklin Martin M Gardenview House, Melbourne Health , Parkville, Victoria , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Primary objective: To evaluate the evidence on saliva management options in those people who have a tracheostomy in situ following an acquired brain injury and to ascertain whether any of these treatments may facilitate tracheostomy decannulation. Methods: The search was conducted on Medline, Embase, Cinahl and Central databases since ...
Azonobi Ijeoma C - - 2014
Although obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) play an important role in sickle cell disease (SCD) screening and patient care, there is little information on knowledge of SCD or sickle cell trait (SCT) or related practices in this provider group. Our objective was to assess SCD screening and prenatal management practices among OB/GYNs. Twelve ...
O Reilly Erin - - 2014
Infertility patients are increasingly using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to supplement or replace conventional fertility treatments. The objective of this study was to determine the roles of CAM practitioners in the support and treatment of infertility. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted in Ottawa, Canada in 2011 with CAM practitioners ...
Shimazawa Rumiko R Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, - - 2014
One would expect regulations for drugs and diagnostics not to differ significantly between countries, given that regulatory authorities evaluate the same scientific data generated in an increasingly globally harmonized context. However, studies of our own and others have provided compelling evidence of differences in regulations for drugs and in vitro ...
Voynow Judith A JA Department of Pediatrics, Box 980315, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
This editorial summarizes the challenges of exhaled breath biomarker research particularly for nasal NO. We also introduce a new focus for Pediatric Pulmonology, a section on Translational Medicine. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Kirby Jeannette J Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, - - 2014
Infection management for pediatric cancer patients may be compromised in low and middle income countries (LMICs) if key antimicrobials are not included in national essential medicines lists. We screened national essential medicines lists for 81 LMICs, and assessed the frequency and corresponding 95% confidence limits (CL) of countries that included ...
Taylor Douglas D The Medicine Group, New Hope, PA, USA, - - 2014
The use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in the pharmaceutical industry has grown in recent years. The technology has matured from its specialized tracking and retail uses to a systemic part of supply chain management in international pharmaceutical production and distribution. Counterfeit drugs, however, remain a significant challenge for governments, ...
Wu Yu-Tai YT University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry, Berkeley, California, USA. - - 2014
Wall-eyed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (WEBINO) is an uncommon disorder of ocular motility that possesses a unique spectrum of clinical findings, consisting of primary gaze exotropia, adduction impairment and nystagmus of the abducting eye. WEBINO is a variant of internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) sharing similar pathophysiology and aetiologies. Much of the literature ...
Nussbaum Abraham M AM Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver Health, 777 Bannock Street, MC 0490, Denver, CO, 80204-4507, USA, - - 2014
Abraham Verghese proposes to renew medicine by training physicians to read the right texts-literary fiction and patients' bodies-with skilled attention. Analyzing Verghese's proposal with reference to Foucault's idea of the "clinical gaze," I find that Verghese conceives of patients as texts that only physicians can read, meaning that physicians become ...
Toki Maria I MI National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Sotiria General Hospital, Medical School, Third Department of Medicine, Oncology Unit , 152 Mesogeion Ave, 11527, Athens , Greece +30 210 770 0220 ; +30 210 778 1035 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Oxaliplatin , has become an integral part of the medical treatment of colorectal cancer and other malignancies. Increased use of the drug during the last decade, has led to increased occurrence of oxaliplatin-induced hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs), posing a significant challenge for clinicians. This article aims to review the existing ...
Lam M L ML Department of Dermatology, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, - - 2014
To ascertain the current management of psoriasis in children in the UK, we conducted the first multi-centre national audit comparing paediatric dermatologists' practice with the published National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for the management of chronic plaque psoriasis(1) (Table 1). Participating centres were identified through the British Society ...
Wei Li L University College London, School of Pharmacy, Department of Practice and Policy , Entrance A, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JP , UK +44 020 7874 1275 ; +44 020 7387 5693 ; - - 2014
Introduction: It is widely recognized that excess sodium intake increases the risk of hypertension, and this subsequently increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Although efforts are being made to reduce sodium intake in the population in general, there are concerns that a considerable sodium load can be ingested via certain ...
Hugelius Karin K 1School of Health and Medical Science,Örebro - - 2014
Introduction Ambulance staff face complex and sometimes stressful or potentially traumatic situations, not only in disasters but also in their routine daily work. The aim of this study was to survey ambulance managers' descriptions of crisis support interventions for ambulance staff after potential traumatic events (PTEs). Semistructured interviews with a ...
O'Mahony S S Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland, - - 2014
John S. Bradshaw (1918-1989) qualified as a doctor, but spent most of his professional life as a writer and journalist. His best-known work, Doctors on Trial (1978), a polemical book which attacked modern medicine, concluded that "western doctors today are certainly more productive, directly or indirectly, of ill-health, in every ...
Diamond Linda L Linda Diamond practices ENT head and neck surgery at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pa. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
An estimated 60% of the population will have a nosebleed in their lifetime, and 6% will require medical intervention. Uncontrolled nasal bleeding can lead to hypovolemia and airway compromise. Understanding prevention and management of epistaxis is especially important to clinicians who manage patients on anticoagulants, supplemental oxygen therapy, or who ...
Sawatzky Bonita B From the Orthopaedics/International Collaboration of Repair Discoveries, University of British Columbia, Canada (BS); The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (CD, TB); TiLite Inc, Pasco, Washington (TR); and Spinal Outreach Service, Royal Rehabilitation Centre, Sydney, Australia - - 2014
The purposes of this article were to examine the existing 2005 Clinical Practice Guidelines for preservation of the upper extremities in spinal cord injury and explore the literature to determine what might need to be included in an update. This is a consensus position article based on a literature review ...
Ozçakar Levent L From the Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School (LÖ); Ankara Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey (MK); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan (K-VC, W-SC, T-GW); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Bursa Military Hospital, Bursa (ABÇ); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Pamukkale University Medical School, Denizli (NA); Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic, İskenderun Military Hospital, İskenderun (FT); Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic, Gülhane Military Academy Haydarpaşa Training Hospital, Istanbul (LT); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University Medical School, Afyon, Turkey (AMU); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and College of Medicine, Taiwan (CPCC); Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University Medical School, Trabzon, Turkey (EÇ); and Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Gent University Hospital, Gent, Belgium - - 2014
This article is an eventual consensus of experts from the European Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Study Group (EURO-MUSCULUS) and the Ultrasound Study Group in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (USPRM) pertaining to the use of musculoskeletal ultrasound in physical and rehabilitation medicine. Nineteen important reasons (as regards general advantages, specific conditions in physical ...
Masters Philip A - - 2014
This issue provides a clinical overview of Insomnia focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, practice improvement, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment ...
Kadar Gena E GE Division of Integrative Health Sciences - - 2014
Abstract A survey of the constituents of a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) institution was conducted to identify perceptions of interprofessional education (IPE) and practice (IPP). A 22 question survey was developed and administered to: chiropractic students, acupuncture and oriental medicine students, faculty and alumni of both professions, staff and ...
Nguyen Giang T GT 1 Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, - - 2014
Abstract The 2011 Institute of Medicine report on LGBT health recommended that sexual orientation and gender identity (SO/GI) be documented in electronic health records (EHRs). Most EHRs cannot document all aspects of SO/GI, but some can record gender of sexual partners. This study sought to determine the proportion of patients ...
Cheng Yin-Hui YH Department of International Business, National Taichung University of Education, Tai-Chung, Taiwan, - - 2014
We conducted three studies to investigate indulgent choice in settings with and without impression management by public-private manipulation with evaluation. Study 1 showed that the participants were less indulgent under public scrutiny due to the employment of impression management. Study 2 focused on the impression management context to test the ...
Cherny Nathan I NI Cancer Pain and Palliative Medicine Service, Department of Medical Oncology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel (NIC); Department of Medical Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands (EGEdV); Kellog School of Management and Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL (LE); Sussex Health Outcomes Research & Education in Cancer (SHORE-C),Brighton & Sussex Medical School, University of Sussex, Falmer, UK (LF); Division of Cancer Medicine, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia (PAF); Department of Oncology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, and Hebrew University-School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel (AG); Université Libre de Bruxelles, Jules Bordet Institute, Brussels, Belgium (MJP); Department of Otolaryngology and Oncology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (DS); Oncotest/Verify, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Petach Tikva, Israel (LS-G); Melabev Community Elders Care Research Department, Jerusalem, Israel (CT). - - 2014
"Personalized medicine" has become a generic term referring to techniques that evaluate either the host or the disease to enhance the likelihood of beneficial patient outcomes from treatment interventions. There is, however, much more to personalization of care than just identifying the biotherapeutic strategy with the highest likelihood of benefit. ...
Gallinger Zane R - - 2014
Abstract Background: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly prevalent among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We sought to characterize the practices and attitudes of IBD physician providers toward CAM. Methods: A web-based survey was sent to non-trainee physician members of the American Gastroenterological Association with an ...
Penn Alex A Department of Radiology, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, CA, USA - - 2014
In 2013, the Fleischner Society published recommendations for managing subsolid pulmonary nodules. Inter-reader variability has not yet been defined and has potential implications for the ease and reproducibility of applying the guidelines to clinical practice. To evaluate inter-reader variability when applying the 2013 Fleischner guidelines for potential solitary subsolid lung ...
Manap Norpadzlihatun N Department of Construction Management, Faculty of Technology Management and Business, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Beg Berkunci 101, Parit Raja, Batu Pahat Johor 86400, Malaysia; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, 1515, 15 Prince's Gardens, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Scientific research has characterized the effects of dredging, an underwater excavation process for navigational purposes or material extraction, and has shown its association with a number of chemical, physical and biological impacts. Due to this, much environmental management has been applied in the dredging industry in order to manage its ...
White I D ID Urology Unit, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London & Sutton, - - 2014
To develop a management strategy (rehabilitation programme) for erectile dysfunction (ED) after radiotherapy (RT) or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer that is suitable for use in a UK NHS healthcare context. PubMed literature searches of ED management in this patient group together with a survey of 28 experts ...
Chase Sabrina M SM Rutgers School of Nursing, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ, - - 2014
Current research on primary care practice redesign suggests that outside facilitation can be an important source of support for achieving substantial change. To analyse the specific sequence of strategies used by a successful practice facilitator during the American Academy of Family Physicians' (AAFP) National Demonstration Project (NDP). This secondary analysis ...
- - 2014
The following information has been produced for Veterinary Record by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) to provide an update for veterinary surgeons on recent changes to marketing authorisations for veterinary medicines in the UK and on other relevant issues.
Furlan Lorenzo L Veneto Agricoltura, Legnaro, PD, Italy, - - 2014
Neonicotinoid insecticides are widely used for control of insect pests around the world and are especially pervasive in agricultural pest management. There is a growing body of evidence indicating that the broad-scale and prophylactic uses of neonicotinoids pose serious risks of harm to beneficial organisms and their ecological function. This ...
Liu Fang F Department of Pharmacy, School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, AL10 9AB, UK, - - 2014
Patient acceptability of a medicinal product is a key aspect in the development and prescribing of medicines. Children and older adults differ in many aspects from the other age subsets of population and require particular considerations in medication acceptability. This review highlights the similarities and differences in these two age ...
Montecucco Fabrizio F Division of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Genetics and Laboratory Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, 4 rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland; Division of Cardiology, Foundation for Medical Researches, Department of Medical Specialties, University of Geneva, 64 avenue de la Roseraie, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa School of Medicine, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, 6 viale Benedetto XV, 16132 Genoa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insights from the "-omics" science have recently emphasized the need to implement an overall strategy in medical research. Here, the development of Systems Medicine has been indicated as a potential tool for clinical translation of basic research discoveries. Systems Medicine also gives the opportunity of improving different steps in medical ...
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