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Naranjo Diana D University of California, 3333 California St. Suite 245, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic disease that has many facets for successful management. The burden of this management falls largely on the individual and their family members. Self-management has a major influence on T1D health outcomes, and with successful management, children and adolescents with T1D can lead ...
Lump Devon D Department of Neurosurgery and Neurocritical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3rd Floor Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is characterized by the rapid onset and paroxysmal cycling of agitation and dystonia in association with autonomic symptoms. These symptoms may include the following: tachycardia, hypertension, tachypnea, fever, pupil dilation, decreased level of consciousness, diaphoresis, and ventilator dyssynchrony. In a critically ill patient, these are all ...
Perez-Terzic Carmen C From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (CPT); and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle - - 2014
Modern rehabilitation medicine is propelled by newfound knowledge aimed at offering solutions for an increasingly aging population afflicted by chronic debilitating conditions. Considered a core component of future health care, the rollout of regenerative medicine underscores a paradigm shift in patient management targeted at restoring physiologic function and restituting normative ...
Schmidt Martin M - - 2014
The author considers the various influences that have shaped his clinical practice and particular identity as a Jungian analyst. It is hoped that the sharing of these observations will, like a shard of a hologram, reflect aspects of the Jungian community as a whole. The author also attempts to put ...
Grazia Bongiorni Maria M CardioThoracic and Vascular Department University Hospital-Pisa, Italy - - 2014
The aim of this survey was to describe the different strategies regarding the management of malfunctioning and recalled pacemaker and defibrillator leads across Europe. A questionnaire has been designed to assess the current practice and physician's approach to the management of leads which are faulty, unnecessary, and/or recalled. Responses to ...
Kawala Christopher - - 2014
Acne vulgaris is a common chronic disease, and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) can provide credible treatment information. A literature search for acne CPGs published between January 2008 and September 2013 was conducted. Two reviewers independently applied the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument. METHODological quality ...
Satink Ton T Department of Occupational Therapy , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Self-management has become an important concept in stroke rehabilitation. This study explored allied healthcare professionals' (AHPs) perceptions and beliefs regarding the self-management of stroke survivors and their knowledge and skills regarding stroke self-management interventions. Method: Four focus group interviews were conducted with 27 professionals. Verbal questions and mind ...
Schor Nina F NF Departments of Pediatrics, Neurology, and Neurobiology & Anatomy, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, - - 2014
There is no one formula for successful leadership or one unique phenotype for successful leaders. There are, however, unifying principles and approaches that enhance the likelihood of success and fulfillment in leadership roles. Here we discuss the requirements for leadership positions in neurology and those personal qualities, management styles, priorities, ...
Pathak Rakesh K RK NanoTherapeutics Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, - - 2014
Mitochondria, the so-called 'energy factory of cells' not only produce energy but also contribute immensely in cellular mortality management. Mitochondrial dysfunctions result in various diseases including but not limited to cancer, atherosclerosis, and neurodegenerative diseases. In the recent years, targeting mitochondria emerged as an attractive strategy to control mitochondrial dysfunction-related ...
Ralston Shawn L - - 2014
This guideline is a revision of the clinical practice guideline, "Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis," published by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2006. The guideline applies to children from 1 through 23 months of age. Other exclusions are noted. Each key action statement indicates level of evidence, benefit-harm relationship, ...
Muffly Tyler M TM From the *Division of Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO; †Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Muang, Thailand; ‡Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH; and §Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, - - 2014
It is unclear whether the current distribution of surgeons practicing female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery in the United States is adequate to meet the needs of a growing and aging population. We assessed the geographic distribution of female pelvic surgeons as represented by members of the American Urogynecologic Society ...
Arnold S N SN Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstr. 11, 8032, Zurich, - - 2014
Several surveys evaluate different retention approaches among orthodontists, but none exist for general dentists. The primary aim of this survey was to record the preferred fixed retainer designs and retention protocols amongst general dentists and orthodontists in Switzerland. A secondary aim was to investigate whether retention patterns were associated with ...
Sokos Christos C Laboratory of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Thessaly, Karditsa, Greece, - - 2014
Wildlife managers are challenged with the task of deciding whether a management measure is appropriate or not, and furthermore they have to convince others about the merits of their decision. Population decline of some hare species (genus Lepus) has resulted in their Red Listing and conservation measures are being undertaken. ...
Kaul Himanshu H University of Sheffield, Computer Science , Regent Court , 211 Portobello , Sheffield, United Kingdom, S1 4DP , +44(0)114-2225931 ; - - 2014
In this article we identify and discuss a timeline of historical events and scientific breakthroughs that shaped the principles of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM). We explore the origins of TERM concepts in myths, their application in the ancient era, their resurgence during Enlightenment, and, finally, their systematic codification ...
Franchini Michela - - 2014
Clinical medicine faces many challenges, e.g. applying personalized medicine and genomics in daily practice; utilizing highly specialized diagnostic technologies; prescribing costly therapeutics. Today's population is aging and patients are diagnosed with more co-morbid conditions than in the past. Co-morbidity makes management of the elderly difficult also in terms of pharmacotherapy. ...
Hertl M M Department of Dermatology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, - - 2014
Pemphigus encompasses a group of life-threatening autoimmune bullous diseases characterized by blisters and erosions of the mucous membranes and skin. Before the era of immunosuppressive treatment, the prognosis of pemphigus was almost fatal. Due to its rarity, only few prospective controlled therapeutic trials are available. For this reason, a group ...
Ngo Jennifer J Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
dementia is a highly prevalent acquired cognitive disorder that interferes with activities of daily living, relationships and quality of life. Recognition and effective management strategies are necessary to provide comprehensive care for these patients and their families. High-quality clinical practice guidelines can improve the quality and consistency of care in ...
Kersten F A M FA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Medical Center, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen 6500 HB, The - - 2014
What is the percentage of overtreatment, i.e. fertility treatment started too early, in couples with unexplained infertility who were eligible for tailored expectant management? Overtreatment occurred in 36% of couples with unexplained infertility who were eligible for an expectant management of at least 6 months. Prognostic models in reproductive medicine ...
Cao Hongxin H National TCM Key Laboratory of Serum Pharmacochemistry, Key Laboratory of Metabolomics and Chinmedomics, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Heping Road 24, Harbin, 150040, China; China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Southern Street of Dongzhimen No. 16, Beijing, 100700, - - 2014
Metabolomics provides an opportunity to develop the systematic analysis of the metabolites and has been applied to discovering biomarkers and perturbed pathways which can clarify the action mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). TCM is a comprehensive system of medical practice that has been used to diagnose, treat and prevent ...
Schaffer Adam C AC Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
An increasingly large proportion of inpatient care is provided by hospitalists. The care discontinuities inherent to hospital medicine raise concerns about malpractice risk. However, little published data exist on the medical liability risks associated with care by hospitalists. We sought to determine the risks and outcomes of malpractice claims against ...
Lowenstein Lior L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2014
Since 2007, the European Society of Sexual Medicine has held an annual 2-week educational residential program at Oxford. The Oxford School of Sexual Medicine provides knowledge and skills learning opportunities for healthcare professionals. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of Oxford School courses on the ...
Fred-Jaiyesimi Adediwura A Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Olabisi Onabanjo University , Sagamu Campus, Sagamu, Ogun State , Nigeria - - 2014
Abstract Context: Phytocosmetic is an important aspect of folklore medicine of many cultures whose records and information are scanty. Objectives: This study inventoried the various plants used as folklore cosmetics in some parts of Oyo, Ogun, Ekiti, and Lagos States of Nigeria by administering semi-structured questionnaires. Materials and methods: The ...
Finnoff Jonathan T JT Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic college of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
The use of diagnostic and interventional ultrasound has significantly increased over the past decade. A majority of the increased utilisation is by non-radiologists. In sports medicine, ultrasound is often used to guide interventions such as aspirations, diagnostic or therapeutic injections, tenotomies, releases and hydrodissections. Critically review the literature related to ...
Al-Helli Othman O Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, - - 2014
The Royal College of Physicians and American Heart Association/American Stroke Association published recommendations in 2012 for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This was followed by recommendations included in the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD) report published in November 2013. The aim of this study ...
Mulinari Shai - - 2014
Biomedicine is typically defined as the branch of medicine that is based on the principles of biology and biochemistry. A central tenet for biomedicine is the notion of disease and therapeutic specificity, i.e. the idea of tailored treatments for discrete disorders underpinned by specific pathologies. The present paper is concerned ...
Swain Lindy L University Centre for Rural Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, 55-61 Uralba Street, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia, - - 2014
Back ground Home Medicines Reviews could improve the quality use of medicines and medicines adherence among Aboriginal people. Despite high level of chronic disease very few Home Medicines Review are currently being conducted for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Objective The aim of this research was to explore the ...
Molinari Angelo Claudio AC 1Thrombosis and Hemostasis Unit, Giannina Gaslini Children's Hospital , Genova , - - 2014
Low-molecular weight heparins are currently the most commonly used anticoagulants in children and newborns. However, since thrombotic complications rarely occur outside large children's hospitals, physicians often encounter some practical problems in managing these treatments when a pediatric thrombosis specialist is not available. The drug of choice is enoxaparin, due to ...
Merchant Richard R Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society, 1 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 208, Toronto, ON, M4P 3A1, Canada, - - 2014
The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised Edition 2015 (the guidelines) were prepared by the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society (CAS), which reserves the right to determine their publication and distribution. Because the guidelines are subject to revision, updated versions are published annually. The Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia Revised ...
Fain Kevin M KM Kevin M. Fain and G. Caleb Alexander are with the Department of Epidemiology and the Center for Drug Safety and Effectiveness, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
We read with great interest the systematic review by King et al. analyzing opioid-related mortality in North America.(1) We believe pharmacy take-back programs are an approach that could help address this daunting epidemic. Inappropriate medicine use often arises from improper access. Most adolescents who abuse prescription drugs report obtaining them ...
Politi Mary C MC Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Despite extensive evidence on the value of patient decision support interventions (DESIs), there is no consensus on optimal DESI formats. Assessing clinicians' perceptions about DESI formats can help facilitate their adoption. The aim of this study was to assess clinicians' perceptions of DESIs formats and potential use in practice. Semi-structured ...
Wang Mingxing M Affiliated hospital, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, 130117, - - 2014
Hericium erinaceus (HE) is a fungus inhabiting the mountainous areas of the northeast territories in Asia. HE has been used in traditional folk medicine and medicinal cuisine in China, Korea and Japan. Evidence has been adduced for a variety of physiological effects, including anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-gastritis, and anti-metabolic disease properties. ...
Antoun Jumana J Family Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon - - 2014
The Balint seminar is used in many family medicine residencies to improve and strengthen the patient-doctor relationship: to make better doctors. Given the lack of Balint leaders in developing countries, the family medicine department at the American University of Beirut (AUB) decided to collaborate with the Medical University of South ...
Starr Se S School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH, 43210, - - 2014
This study differentiated groups of Ohio tree farmers through multivariate clustering of their perceived needs for forest management outreach. Tree farmers were surveyed via a mailed questionnaire. Respondents were asked to rate, on a 1-7 scale, their informational needs for 26 outreach topics, which were reduced to six factors. Based ...
Koch M S MS Biological Sciences Department, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Rd, Boca Raton, FL, 33431, USA, - - 2014
Rising sea levels and temperature will be dominant drivers of coastal Everglades' foundation communities (i.e., mangrove forests, seagrass/macroalgae, and coral reefs) by 2060 based on a climate change scenario of +1.5 °C temperature, +1.5 foot (46 cm) in sea level, ±10 % in precipitation and 490 ppm CO2. Current mangrove forest soil elevation change ...
Vogt Henrik H General Practice Research Unit, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, - - 2014
The practicing doctor, and most obviously the primary care clinician who encounters the full complexity of patients, faces several fundamental but intrinsically related theoretical and practical challenges - strongly actualized by so-called medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and multi-morbidity. Systems medicine, which is the emerging application of systems biology to medicine ...
Checklin Martin M Gardenview House, Melbourne Health , Parkville, Victoria , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Primary objective: To evaluate the evidence on saliva management options in those people who have a tracheostomy in situ following an acquired brain injury and to ascertain whether any of these treatments may facilitate tracheostomy decannulation. Methods: The search was conducted on Medline, Embase, Cinahl and Central databases since ...
Azonobi Ijeoma C - - 2014
Although obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) play an important role in sickle cell disease (SCD) screening and patient care, there is little information on knowledge of SCD or sickle cell trait (SCT) or related practices in this provider group. Our objective was to assess SCD screening and prenatal management practices among OB/GYNs. Twelve ...
O Reilly Erin - - 2014
Infertility patients are increasingly using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to supplement or replace conventional fertility treatments. The objective of this study was to determine the roles of CAM practitioners in the support and treatment of infertility. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted in Ottawa, Canada in 2011 with CAM practitioners ...
Shimazawa Rumiko R Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, - - 2014
One would expect regulations for drugs and diagnostics not to differ significantly between countries, given that regulatory authorities evaluate the same scientific data generated in an increasingly globally harmonized context. However, studies of our own and others have provided compelling evidence of differences in regulations for drugs and in vitro ...
Voynow Judith A JA Department of Pediatrics, Box 980315, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
This editorial summarizes the challenges of exhaled breath biomarker research particularly for nasal NO. We also introduce a new focus for Pediatric Pulmonology, a section on Translational Medicine. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Kirby Jeannette J Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, - - 2014
Infection management for pediatric cancer patients may be compromised in low and middle income countries (LMICs) if key antimicrobials are not included in national essential medicines lists. We screened national essential medicines lists for 81 LMICs, and assessed the frequency and corresponding 95% confidence limits (CL) of countries that included ...
Taylor Douglas D The Medicine Group, New Hope, PA, USA, - - 2014
The use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in the pharmaceutical industry has grown in recent years. The technology has matured from its specialized tracking and retail uses to a systemic part of supply chain management in international pharmaceutical production and distribution. Counterfeit drugs, however, remain a significant challenge for governments, ...
Wu Yu-Tai YT University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry, Berkeley, California, USA. - - 2014
Wall-eyed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (WEBINO) is an uncommon disorder of ocular motility that possesses a unique spectrum of clinical findings, consisting of primary gaze exotropia, adduction impairment and nystagmus of the abducting eye. WEBINO is a variant of internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) sharing similar pathophysiology and aetiologies. Much of the literature ...
Nussbaum Abraham M AM Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver Health, 777 Bannock Street, MC 0490, Denver, CO, 80204-4507, USA, - - 2014
Abraham Verghese proposes to renew medicine by training physicians to read the right texts-literary fiction and patients' bodies-with skilled attention. Analyzing Verghese's proposal with reference to Foucault's idea of the "clinical gaze," I find that Verghese conceives of patients as texts that only physicians can read, meaning that physicians become ...
Toki Maria I MI National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Sotiria General Hospital, Medical School, Third Department of Medicine, Oncology Unit , 152 Mesogeion Ave, 11527, Athens , Greece +30 210 770 0220 ; +30 210 778 1035 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Oxaliplatin , has become an integral part of the medical treatment of colorectal cancer and other malignancies. Increased use of the drug during the last decade, has led to increased occurrence of oxaliplatin-induced hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs), posing a significant challenge for clinicians. This article aims to review the existing ...
Lam M L ML Department of Dermatology, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, - - 2014
To ascertain the current management of psoriasis in children in the UK, we conducted the first multi-centre national audit comparing paediatric dermatologists' practice with the published National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for the management of chronic plaque psoriasis(1) (Table 1). Participating centres were identified through the British Society ...
Wei Li L University College London, School of Pharmacy, Department of Practice and Policy , Entrance A, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JP , UK +44 020 7874 1275 ; +44 020 7387 5693 ; - - 2014
Introduction: It is widely recognized that excess sodium intake increases the risk of hypertension, and this subsequently increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Although efforts are being made to reduce sodium intake in the population in general, there are concerns that a considerable sodium load can be ingested via certain ...
Hugelius Karin K 1School of Health and Medical Science,Örebro - - 2014
Introduction Ambulance staff face complex and sometimes stressful or potentially traumatic situations, not only in disasters but also in their routine daily work. The aim of this study was to survey ambulance managers' descriptions of crisis support interventions for ambulance staff after potential traumatic events (PTEs). Semistructured interviews with a ...
O'Mahony S S Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland, - - 2014
John S. Bradshaw (1918-1989) qualified as a doctor, but spent most of his professional life as a writer and journalist. His best-known work, Doctors on Trial (1978), a polemical book which attacked modern medicine, concluded that "western doctors today are certainly more productive, directly or indirectly, of ill-health, in every ...
Diamond Linda L Linda Diamond practices ENT head and neck surgery at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pa. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
An estimated 60% of the population will have a nosebleed in their lifetime, and 6% will require medical intervention. Uncontrolled nasal bleeding can lead to hypovolemia and airway compromise. Understanding prevention and management of epistaxis is especially important to clinicians who manage patients on anticoagulants, supplemental oxygen therapy, or who ...
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