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Ooi Yinn Cher YC Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles, 300 Stein Plaza, Suite 562, Los Angeles, CA 90095-69, - - 2015
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in developed nations. Up to 88% of strokes are ischemic in nature. Extracranial carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is the third leading cause of ischemic stroke in the general population and the second most common nontraumatic cause among adults younger than 45 years. This ...
Aranaz Alicia A Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain, - - 2015
The field of molecular diagnostics in veterinary practice is rapidly evolving. An array of molecular techniques of different complexity is available to facilitate the fast and specific diagnosis of animal diseases. The choice for the adequate technique is dependent on the mission and attributions of the laboratory and requires both ...
Foulkes Amy C AC The Dermatology Centre, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, The University of Manchester, Salford, Manchester M6 8HD, - - 2015
Psoriasis is a model disease for the development of pharmacogenomic markers of treatment response, with ready access to diseased tissue and objective validated outcome measures. With the application of state-of-the-art technologies and investment in careful experimental design, the goal of stratified medicine in psoriasis may be possible. Current pharmacogenomic studies ...
Leonardi Craig L CL Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1034 South Brentwood Boulevard, Suite 600, St Louis, MO 63117-1206, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
This review delivers a commentary on the first decade of biologics' use in psoriasis and provides a glimpse of the pipeline of therapies currently in development for psoriasis that will enhance the therapeutic armamentarium available to the dermatologist. In addition, the authors revisit the rationale for the development of biological ...
Milgrom Lionel R LR School of Human Sciences, London Metropolitan University, 166-220 Holloway Road, London, N7 8DB, UK, - - 2015
The ancient concept of the Vital Force receives a modern incarnation as a metaphorical multidimensional spinning gyroscope. The consequences for a different understanding of health and disease are examined in the context of integrated medicine.
Sterling Yvonne M YM Yvonne M. Sterling, PhD, RN, AE-C, is Professor of Nursing at the LSUHSC School of Nursing. She is also Adjunct Professor at the Tulane University School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Sciences, New Orleans, LA. She earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree from Dillard University, New Orleans, LA and the Master of Science in Nursing and PhD in Nursing from the Catholic University of America in Washington, DC. She is a certified asthma educator. She was a coinvestigator of the Head of Environmental Asthma in Louisiana study. She is a board member of the American Lung Association of the Southeast, Inc. Lisa J. Linville, DNS, JD, MN, RN, is an Assistant Professor at the Loyola, New Orleans, School of Nursing, where she teaches in the Bachelor of Science and Master's Nursing programs. Dr. Linville has a health care career spanning 25 years with practice in administrative roles, case management, pediatrics and as a utilization review consultant. In addition, Dr. Linville is a licensed attorney in Louisiana and practiced law in New Orleans, specializing in health care regulatory, corporate compliance, privacy, and medical malpractice cases. Dr. Linville holds a Juris Doctor degree from Loyola University and Doctor of Nursing Science degree from Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, - - 2015
The purpose of this study was to describe the process of case management delivered to Head-off Environmental Asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study participants. Participants' homes; community facilities (clinic and library meeting rooms, schools) in a post-Katrina environment. A qualitative descriptive study consisted of analysis of existing data that describe the ...
Collis R E RE Department of Anaesthetics, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, - - 2015
The haemostatic management of major obstetric haemorrhage remains challenging, and current published guidance relies heavily on experience from the non-pregnant population and expert opinion. In recent years, an interest in the implications of relative hypofibrinogenaemia, point-of-care monitoring of coagulation abnormalities, and the potential to give goal-directed therapy to correct coagulopathies, ...
Godman Brian B Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, - - 2015
Medicines have made an appreciable contribution to improving health. However, even high-income countries are struggling to fund new premium-priced medicines. This will grow necessitating the development of new models to optimize their use. The objective is to review case histories among health authorities to improve the utilization and expenditure on ...
Kraut Jeffrey A - - 2014
When lactic acidosis accompanies low-flow states or sepsis, mortality rates increase sharply. This review summarizes our current understanding of the pathophysiological aspects of lactic acidosis, as well as the approaches to its diagnosis and management.
Nissen N K NK Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, - - 2014
Improved understanding of how normal weight and moderately overweight people manage their body weight and shape could be used to inform initiatives to prevent and treat obesity. This literature review offers a thorough appraisal of existing research into perceptions and management of own body size among normal weight and moderately ...
Tailor Rajen R Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospitals , Birmingham , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Preserved anti-glaucoma drops cause ocular surface disease (OSD), which is increasingly being recognized as a likely cause of trabeculectomy failure. Aim: To determine the routine pre-trabeculectomy management of the ocular surface by glaucoma specialists. Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 11 questions was posted to 146 UK glaucoma specialists. ...
Rivera Robin G RG Robin G. Rivera is a Nurse Practitioner, Division of Pediatric-Adolescent Medicine, Cohen Children's Medical Center of the North Shore-LIJ Health System, New Hyde Park, NY. Susan P. Roberson is a Nurse Practitioner, Division of Pediatric-Adolescent Medicine, Cohen Children's Medical Center of the North Shore-LIJ Health System, New Hyde Park, NY. Margaret Whelan is a Coordinator, Family Nurse Practitioner Track, Molloy College, Division of Nursing, Rockville Centre, NY. Annie Rohan is Director of Pediatric Research, Stony Brook University, School of Nursing, Stony Brook, NY, and a Nurse Practitioner, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Cohen Children's Medical Center of the North Shore-LIJ Health System, New Hyde Park, NY. She can be reached via e-mail at - - 2014
Concussions are among the most complex injuries to assess and manage in sports medicine and primary care. Sports concussion in youth has received much attention in recent years because research shows that improperly managed concussion can lead to long-term cognitive deficits and mental health problems. There are several notable risk ...
Foley Ronan R Department of Geography, Rhetoric House, National University of Ireland Maynooth, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland, - - 2014
With the increased acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) within society, new research reflects deeper folk health histories beyond formal medical spaces. The contested relationships between formal and informal medicine have deep provenance and as scientific medicine began to professionalise in the 19th century, lay health knowledges were simultaneously ...
Heydarirad Ghazaleh G Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
Xerostomia is a common problem, particularly in an elderly population, with a range of causes that affect important aspects of life, such as chewing, swallowing, and speaking. Xerostomia has been explained in traditional medicine throughout history. Traditional Persian medicine, with more than 4000 years of history, consists of the sum ...
Marquez Becky B Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, #0813, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA, - - 2014
This study examined communication between mothers and overweight daughters on weight or weight-related behaviors through the perspective of adult daughters. Qualitative thematic analysis was used to analyze in-depth individual interviews conducted with 15 adult daughters. Mothers who actively engaged in weight management behaviors, such as dieting and exercising regularly, transmitted ...
- - 2014
The following information has been produced for Veterinary Record by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) to provide an update for veterinary surgeons on recent changes to marketing authorisations for veterinary medicines in the UK and on other relevant issues.
Stone Louise - - 2014
BackgroundPatients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) commonly present in general practice. They often experience significant disability and have difficulty accessing appropriate care. Many feel frustrated and helpless. Doctors also describe feeling frustrated and helpless when managing these patients. These shared negative feelings can have a detrimental effect on the therapeutic ...
Blaauw Brett R BR Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, 121 Northville Rd., Bridgeton, NJ, - - 2014
The invasive brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)) has emerged as a key pest in mid-Atlantic peach production. Current management of H. halys has disrupted IPM programs by relying exclusively on frequent, repeated, season-long insecticide applications. We developed a behaviorally-based tactic termed IPM-CPR (Crop Perimeter Restructuring) utilizing ...
Samuel Geoffrey G Cardiff UniversityUniversity of Sydney - - 2014
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), and other "mindfulness"-based techniques have rapidly gained a significant presence within contemporary society. Clearly these techniques, which derive or are claimed to derive from Buddhist meditational practices, meet genuine human needs. However, questions are increasingly raised regarding what these techniques meant in ...
Kaldara Elisabeth E University of Athens, Medical School, 3rd Cardiology Department , Mikras Asias 67, 11527 Attiki, Athens , Greece +30 2108236877 ; +30 2107789901 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Heart failure (HF) treatment attracts a share of intensive research because of its poor HF prognosis. In the past decades, the prognosis of HF has improved considerably, mainly as a consequence of the progress that has been made in the pharmacological management of HF. Areas covered: This article reviews ...
De Marco Anthony P AP Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA - - 2014
Computerized neurocognitive testing has become a growing practice across medical populations, but particularly within sports medicine and the management of sports-related concussion. Although traditional neuropsychological measures are solely administered and interpreted by neuropsychologists, computerized cognitive tests are marketed to and utilized by a wide range of professionals involved in the ...
Pulford Justin - - 2014
BackgroundThis paper aims to assess the sensitivity and specificity of exit interviews as a measure of malaria case management practice as compared to direct observation.MethodsThe malaria case management of 1654 febrile patients attending 110 health facilities from across Papua New Guinea was directly observed by a trained research officer as ...
Weir Matthew R - - 2014
This issue provides a clinical overview of Hypertension focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, practice improvement, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment ...
Cardinal Bradley J BJ School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, - - 2014
This study provides an update on the amount and type of physical activity education occurring in medical education in the United States in 2013. It is the first study to do so since 2002. Applying content analysis methodology, we reviewed all accessible accredited doctor of medicine and doctor of osteopathic ...
Stanton Rosalyn R Discipline of Physiotherapy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
The provision of feedback is important for effective skill learning. The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of feedback provided during the practice of everyday activities (such as standing up, walking, and reaching and grasping objects) during stroke rehabilitation, both when the therapist was present and when ...
Demmer Charles S CS Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, - - 2014
The benzoxazole heterocycle is often found in ligands targeting a plethora of receptors and enzymes. By analysis of published X-ray structures, this review aims at highlighting key interactions which the benzoxazole may engage in with its host protein. Furthermore, bioavailability, metabolism and the use of benzoxazole as a bioisostere are ...
Betthauser Lisa M LM *Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN) 19 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC) †Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver ‡Departments of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Anschutz School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver §Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora ∥Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, - - 2014
Although Veterans utilize complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) at rates comparable with civilians, little is known about Veterans' attitudes and beliefs toward CAM. Measures to increase such knowledge may help to identify treatment preferences, particularly among those with signature conditions from the recent conflicts [ie, traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic ...
Rani Elwy A A *Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford Departments of †Health Policy and Management ‡Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA §Center for Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, VA San Diego Healthcare System ∥Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA ¶Integrative Health and Wellness Program, War Related Injuries and Illness Center, Washington DC VA Medical Center, Washington, DC #Center for the Study of Healthcare Innovation, Implementation and Policy, Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center, North Hills **RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, - - 2014
Meditation, imagery, acupuncture, and yoga are the most frequently offered mind and body practices in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Yet, the research on mind and body practices has been critiqued as being too limited in evidence and scope to inform clinical treatment. We conducted a systematic scoping review of ...
Angeler David G DG Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7050, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden, - - 2014
Freshwater ecosystems are important for global biodiversity and provide essential ecosystem services. There is consensus in the scientific literature that freshwater ecosystems are vulnerable to the impacts of environmental change, which may trigger irreversible regime shifts upon which biodiversity and ecosystem services may be lost. There are profound uncertainties regarding ...
Repke John T JT Dr. Repke is from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Penn State College of Medicine- Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania; e-mail: - - 2014
This month we focus on current research in labor management. Dr. Repke discusses five recent publications, and each is concluded with a "bottom line" that is the take-home message. The complete reference for each can be found in on this page, along with direct links to the abstracts.
Pruzansky Jason S JS The Philadelphia Hand Center, P.C., 834 Chestnut Street, Suite G114, Philadelphia, PA 19107 - - 2014
Trigger digit is a common pathology encountered by hand surgeons, but there is a lack of evidence-based guidelines. We investigated the treatment preferences of hand surgeons and explored whether geographic location, type of residency training, or clinical experience is associated with differences in practice. An online survey was distributed via ...
van der Heijde Désirée D From the *Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; †Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; ‡University Hospital Gent, Ghent, Belgium; §Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR; and ‖AbbVie Inc, North Chicago, - - 2014
Recognition, diagnosis, and management of axial spondyloarthritis (axial SpA) continue to advance. The objectives of this study were to compare referrals, diagnosis, and management of axial SpA in Western Europe (WE), North America (US and Canada), and the rest of world (RoW) in academic and community rheumatology practices and to ...
Laska Kevin M KM Bedford VA Medical - - 2014
Recently, we (Laska, Gurman, & Wampold, 2014, pp. 467-481) discussed the implications of taking a common factor approach for practice and policy. In this response to the commentary on our article, we reiterate 10 things that need to be remembered about common factor theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, ...
Mitchell Sandra A SA Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Center, Bethesda, - - 2014
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) has deleterious effects on physical, social, cognitive, and vocational functioning, and causes emotional and spiritual distress for patients and their families; however, it remains under-recognized and undertreated. This article critically reviews and integrates the available empirical evidence supporting the efficacy of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment approaches to ...
Brignardello-Petersen Romina R Dr. Brignardello-Petersen is a lecturer, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile, Santiago, and a doctoral student, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of - - 2014
Knowing how to search for evidence that can inform clinical decisions is a fundamental skill for the practice of evidence-based dentistry. There are many available types of evidence-based resources, characterized by their degrees of coverage of preappraised or summarized evidence at varying levels of processing, from primary studies to systematic ...
Nattel Stanley S Research Center and Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiac arrhythmias are a major contributor to population morbidity and mortality. Enormous advances in arrhythmia management have occurred over the 60 years since the founding of the Montreal Heart Institute, but important challenges remain. The purpose of this article is to identify the areas of cardiac arrhythmia therapy that need ...
Boey Pui Yi PY Devers Eye Institute, Legacy Health System, Portland, Ore.; Singapore National Eye Centre, - - 2014
Ocular hypertension is a common and important problem seen by eye care providers. This review presents a practical approach to individuals with ocular hypertension. It describes the common functional and structural investigations used in evaluation, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each test. This review also discusses several ...
Beran R G RG School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia; University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Strategic Health Evaluators, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Mandatory reporting of impaired doctors is compulsory in Australasia. Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency guidelines for notification claim high benchmark though the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians suggest they still obstruct doctors seeking help. Western Australia excludes mandatory reporting of practitioner-patients. This study ...
Gielen Kurt - - 2014
Abstract The country, and especially Limburg, the most southern province, is making major leaps forward in the commercialization of regenerative medicine. Chemelot Campus, a major business park, is making a massive commitment with the creation of "Regeneration Street"; 50,000 m(2) of world leading research, development, manufacturing and innovation in regenerative medicine.
Feller-Kopman David D Section of Interventional Pulmonology, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
The field of interventional pulmonology (IP) is a rapidly growing subspecialty of pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM), primarily focused on the evaluation and management of patients with lung nodules, masses, mediastinal and hilar adenopathy, central airway obstruction, and pleural disease. Traditionally passed on in the apprenticeship model, dedicated fellowships ...
- - 2014
IT WAS a great pleasure to review this book, which is a comprehensive collection of musculoskeletal minor injuries and conditions that are seen on a daily basis in emergency departments throughout the UK and Ireland.
Malhotra Raman K - - 2014
It is increasingly important for neurologists to recognize the legal implications of assessing and treating an athlete who sustained a concussion, then returning the athlete back to play. Poor initial identification of the concussion or failure to recognize persistent symptoms may lead to premature return to play and unnecessary long-term ...
Lorenzen K K Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, 7922 NW 71st St., Gainesville, FL, 32653, - - 2014
Fisheries enhancements are a set of management approaches involving the use of aquaculture technologies to enhance or restore fisheries in natural ecosystems. Enhancements are widely used in inland and coastal fisheries, but have received limited attention from fisheries scientists. This paper sets out 10 reasons why fisheries scientists should care ...
Kutcher Jeffrey S - - 2014
To provide the neurologist with a framework for the clinical approach to sports concussion diagnosis and management. As the issue of brain injury in athletes has emerged and developed, shifting the landscape of public concern, neurologists have become more directly involved in the diagnosis and management of sports concussion. Neurologists ...
Tanriover Mine Durusu MD Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The changing demography of European populations mandates a vital role for internists in caring for patients in each level of healthcare. Internists in the tertiary or academic setting are highly ranked in terms of their responsibilities: they are clinicians, educators, researchers, role models, mentors and administrators. Contrary to the highly ...
Mead Tatum T Research Family Medicine Residency Program, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, MO, USA. Email: - - 2014
Acute and chronic gout arthritis are increasingly prevalent, but often poorly managed. This review, based largely on the American College of Rheumatology's gout guidelines, details the components of high-quality care.
Legato Marianne M Columbia University, New York, - - 2014
Over the past two decades, a burgeoning interest in women's health, the direct consequence of the feminist movement, has inspired a worldwide interest in the differences between the normal function of men and women and their unique experiences of the same illnesses. The scope and significance of what we have ...
Blumenthal Daniel M - - 2014
BackgroundEffective clinical leadership is associated with better patient care. We implemented and evaluated a pilot clinical leadership course for second year internal medicine residents at a large United States Academic Medical Center that is part of a multi-hospital health system.MethodsThe course met weekly for two to three hours during July, ...
Agar John W M JW Department of Renal Medicine, The Geelong Hospital, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
The US Environmental Protection Agency Resource Conservation website begins: "Natural resource and energy conservation is achieved by managing materials more efficiently-reduce, reuse, recycle," yet healthcare agencies have been slow to heed and practice this simple message. In dialysis practice, notable for a recurrent, per capita resource consumption and waste generation ...
Hogan Alice A Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmacy and Bank Building A15, The University of Sydney, Broadway, NSW, 2006, - - 2014
Background Nebulised medicines contribute to the high treatment burden experienced by patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Objectives This study explored experiences of adult patients with CF when using nebulised medicines, factors impacting on their adherence to nebulised therapy and strategies they used to facilitate adherence. Setting Community setting, in Sydney, ...
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