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Naranjo Diana D University of California, 3333 California St. Suite 245, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic disease that has many facets for successful management. The burden of this management falls largely on the individual and their family members. Self-management has a major influence on T1D health outcomes, and with successful management, children and adolescents with T1D can lead ...
Lump Devon D Department of Neurosurgery and Neurocritical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3rd Floor Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is characterized by the rapid onset and paroxysmal cycling of agitation and dystonia in association with autonomic symptoms. These symptoms may include the following: tachycardia, hypertension, tachypnea, fever, pupil dilation, decreased level of consciousness, diaphoresis, and ventilator dyssynchrony. In a critically ill patient, these are all ...
McClafferty Hilary H Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA, - - 2014
Treatment of asthma lends itself to an integrative medicine approach due to the multifactorial nature of the disease. It is well established that asthma has a neuromuscular component (bronchospasm), an immunological component (inflammation), and a psychological component. This encourages the use of diverse approaches to address all avenues of pathophysiology, ...
Tan Dongfeng D MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
Personalized medicine, in concert with targeted oncologic therapy, has become one of the most active, rapidly advancing, and clinically challenging pursuits in cancer treatment. A major concern for molecular geneticists and clinicians must be to focus upon prioritizing those issues that are most important for research and targeted management in ...
van Niekerk Dewald D Director, African Centre for Disaster Studies, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2014
The promulgation of the South African Disaster Management Act No. 57 of 2002 and the National Disaster Management Policy Framework of 2005 placed South Africa at the international forefront by integrating disaster risk reduction into all spheres of government through a decentralised approach. Yet, good policy and legislation do not ...
Dickinson Mike M Lancashire Simulation Centre, Royal Preston Hospital, Preston, Lancashire, - - 2014
Fifth-year medical students build on their experiences of simulation and clinical placement to undertake a period of pager contact, during which they must respond appropriately to a variety of 'bleep' messages, culminating in the team management of a complex scenario. In anticipation of their graduation to foundation-year doctors, fifth-year students ...
Hartzell Larry D LD Arkansas Children's Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1 Children's Way, Slot 836, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article reviews the most current practice guidelines in the diagnosis and management of patients born with cleft lip and/or palate. Such patients frequently have multiple medical and social issues that benefit greatly from a team approach. Common challenges include feeding difficulty, nutritional deficiency, speech disorders, hearing problems, ear disease, ...
Lopez Pedro-Jose PJ Department of Pediatric Urology, Exequiel González Cortés Hospital, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a disorder that has been studied since the early days of pediatric urology. From 1893, when it was first documented in humans by Pozzi, the research and clinical management of VUR has been marked by pendulum swings through the decades. Initially, the vesicoureteral junction was the ...
Ni Xinqiang X Department of Pediatrics of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 138 Xian Lin Avenue, Nanjing, China, - - 2014
This review covers an introduction of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), focusing on the traditional theoretic basis from the perspective of TCM regarding ADHD's cause, pathogenesis, methods of syndrome differentiation, and rationale for treatment. The authors present commonly accepted and successfully practiced clinical procedures used in ...
Reynolds Erin E *Sports Medicine Concussion Program and §Centers for Rehab Services, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and ‡University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
: The clinical management of sports-related concussions is a specialized area of interest with a lack of empirical findings regarding best practice approaches. The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Sports Concussion Program was the first of its kind; 13 years after its inception, it remains a leader in the clinical ...
Putukian Margot M *University Health Services, Princeton University, Washington Road, Princeton, New Jersey; ‡University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
: The management of patients with sports-related concussion (SRC) is comprehensive and includes preseason planning, education, initial evaluation, postinjury assessment, disposition, return-to-play decisions, and consideration of long-term brain health. Several recent publications have addressed sports concussion management using the best available evidence, and we review them here. The diagnosis and ...
Hsu Yea-Jen YJ Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD; Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
We sought to examine self-reported compliance with 5 evidence-based central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) prevention practices and link compliance to CLABSI rates in a national patient safety collaborative. We analyzed data from a national CLABSI prevention program. Adult ICUs participating in the program submitted their CLABSI rates and a Team ...
McMahan Eleanor H - - 2014
Comments on the article by T. J. G. Tracey et al. (see record 2013-45602-001) on expertise in psychotherapy. Tracey et al. provided a thoughtful discussion regarding the difficulty of achieving expertise in psychotherapy and offered suggestions about approaches toward psychotherapeutic work that may increase expertise, including deliberate practice. While very ...
Gourraud Pierre-Antoine PA Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 675 Nelson Rising Lane, Mission Bay campus, San Francisco, CA, 94158, - - 2014
We present a precision medicine application developed for multiple sclerosis (MS): the MS BioScreen. This new tool addresses the challenges of dynamic management of a complex chronic disease; the interaction of clinicians and patients with such a tool illustrates the extent to which translational digital medicine - i.e. the application ...
Tucker Edmonds B B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the relative influence of patients' resuscitation preferences on periviable delivery management.Study Design:Surveyed 295 obstetrician-gynecologists about managing periviable preterm premature rupture of membranes. Across 10 vignettes, we systematically varied gestational age, occupation, method of conception and resuscitation preference. Physicians rated their likelihood (0 to 10) of proceeding with induction, ...
Liakos Charalampos I CI Hypertension Outpatient Unit, Cardiology Department, "KAT" General Hospital of Attica, 14561, Athens, Greece, - - 2014
This is a review article aiming to make focus on the changes made in the European Society of Hypertension (ESH)/European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension with some criticism for each element discussed in the text. Given that in the real world clinical practice physicians ...
Labrie Nanon H M NH a Institute of Communication & Health, University of - - 2014
In recent years, general practice consultation has often been characterized as an argumentative activity. It has been argued that, guided by the ethical and legal principle of informed consent and the ideal standards of participatory and evidence-based medicine, doctors should provide argumentative support for their recommendations in order to encourage ...
Ellender B R BR South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), Private Bag 1015, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa; Centre for Invasion Biology, SAIAB, Private Bag 1015, Grahamstown 6140, South - - 2014
Southern Africa has a long history of non-native fish introductions for the enhancement of recreational and commercial fisheries, due to a perceived lack of suitable native species. This has resulted in some important inland fisheries being based on non-native fishes. Regionally, these introductions are predominantly not benign, and non-native fishes ...
Shumer Gregory - - 2014
There is growing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) throughout the world, however previous research done in Japan has focused primarily on CAM use in major cities. The purpose of this study was to develop and distribute a Japanese version of the International Complementary and Alternative ...
Canzona Mollie Rose MR a Department of Communication , George Mason - - 2014
Religion/spirituality (R/S) is an important component of some patients' psychosocial framework when facing illness. While many patients report an increased desire for R/S dialogue in clinical interaction, especially when facing a frightening diagnosis, some physicians report discomfort talking about R/S and hold various beliefs regarding the appropriateness of such discussions. ...
- - 2014
Atopic dermatitis is a common, chronic inflammatory dermatosis that can affect all age groups. This evidence-based guideline addresses important clinical questions that arise in its management. In this final section, treatments for flare prevention and adjunctive and complementary therapies and approaches are reviewed. Suggestions on use are given based on available evidence.
Uthaya S S Imperial College London, UK; Chelsea Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current practice in relation to the prescribing, compounding and administration of parenteral nutrition for extremely preterm infants is inconsistent and based on largely historical evidence. Increasingly there are calls for more 'aggressive' nutritional interventions to prevent 'postnatal growth failure'. However the evidence base for these recommendations is weak, and there ...
Su Ming Ming MM School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, 59 ZhongGuanCun Dajie, Haidian District, Beijing, 100872, China, - - 2014
Ecotourism development is closely associated with the sustainability of protected natural areas. When facilitated by appropriate management, ecotourism can contribute to conservation and development, as well as the well-being of local communities. As such, ecotourism has been proposed and practiced in different forms in many places, including China. This study ...
Lyles J L JL Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater - - 2014
Interest in the welfare of cattle in the beef industry has intensified over time due to ethical concerns and varying societal perceptions that exist about the treatment and living conditions of farm animals. The definition of welfare will vary according to an individual's philosophies (how one defines and prioritizes what ...
Wu Connie M CM http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0355-7851 Section of Ophthalmology, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, Rhode Island, USA Division of Ophthalmology, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA Division of Ophthalmology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, - - 2014
This study used the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II Instrument to evaluate the methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPG) published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), Canadian Ophthalmological Society (COS) and Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCO) for the management of cataract in adults. An ...
Smith Timothy R TR 1Department of Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 2Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 3Department of Neurological Surgery, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN 4Department of Neurological Surgery, Rush Medical Center, Chicago, IL 5Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX 6Department of Neurological Surgery, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
Defensive medicine is prevalent among U.S. neurosurgeons due to high- risk of malpractice claims. This study provides national estimates of U.S. neurosurgeons' defensive behaviors and perceptions. To examine the relationship of defensive medicine-both 'assurance' behaviors and 'avoidance' behaviors-to the liability environment. A 51-question online survey was sent to 3344 U.S. ...
Vialle-Valentin Catherine E CE Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, 133 Brookline Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA JSI Research and Training Inc., 1616 N Fort Myer Drive, Arlington, VA 22209, USA - - 2014
The 2011 United Nations (UN) General Assembly Political Declaration on Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) brought NCDs to the global health agenda. Essential medicines are central to treating chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. Our study aimed to quantify access to essential medicines for people with chronic ...
Ottmar Jessica J 1 College of Public Health, University of Kentucky , Lexington, - - 2014
Abstract The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model is considered a promising approach to improving population health, but how elements of these advanced practice models relate to population health capability is unknown. To measure associations between family physicians' performance of population management with PCMH components, a cross-sectional survey was conducted with ...
Smith Stephen D A SD National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University, PO Box 4321, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rottnest Island, Western Australia, receives >500,000visitorsy(-1), who are mainly attracted by the Island's natural values. Marine debris is a threat to both these natural values and to Island wildlife, and is consequently an important issue for managers. Engaging with volunteers, we quantified marine debris at 16 beach sites around the ...
Nyirimigabo Eric E Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China; Rwanda Standards Board, Kigali, Republic of - - 2014
A number of species belonging to herbal genus Aconitum are well-known and popular for their medicinal benefits in Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese, Tibetan and Chinese systems of medicine. It is a valuable drug as well as an unpredictable toxic material. It is therefore imperative to understand and control the toxic ...
Szajewska H H Department of Paediatrics, The Medical University of Warsaw, Dzialdowska 1, 01-184 Warsaw, - - 2014
There is an increasing interest in probiotics, and evidence of the effectiveness of probiotics in preventing or treating diarrhoeal diseases is also advancing. The purpose of this short opinion paper is to summarise two aspects of current development in regard to probiotics. First, it discusses what is new with regard ...
Moylan Carrie A CA Binghamton University, NY, USA - - 2014
Sexual Assault Response Teams (SARTs) are models of service delivery characterized by coordination between rape crisis, health care, and criminal justice sectors. Expanding on research documenting the extent and nature of conflict in SARTs, this study qualitatively explores the strategies used to manage conflict and variations in the use of ...
Durso Francis T FT School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 654 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Operators in dynamic work environments use strategies to manage threats in order to achieve task goals. We introduce a structured interview method, the Threat-Strategy Interview (TSI), and an accompanying qualitative analysis to induce operator-level threats, strategies, and the cues that give rise to them. The TSI can be used to ...
Brigstocke Tim T Veterinary Residues Committee, c/o Residues Surveillance Unit, Veterinary Medicines Directorate, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 - - 2014
In the second of an occasional series of articles for Veterinary Record produced by the Veterinary Residues Committee, Tim Brigstocke discusses the implications for producers of the finding of non-compliant medicines residues in their animals.
Eriksson Hampus H WorldFish, P.O. Box 500, 10670, Penang, Malaysia, - - 2014
Small-scale fisheries present challenges to management due to fishers' dependency on resources and the adaptability of management systems. We compared social-ecological processes in the sea cucumber fisheries of Zanzibar and Mayotte, Western Indian Ocean, to better understand the reasons for resource conservation or collapse. Commercial value of wild stocks was ...
Oude Wesselink Sandra F SF Public Health Department, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The NetherlandsHealthcare Inspectorate, Utrecht, The NetherlandsHealthcare Inspectorate, Utrecht, The NetherlandsErasmus MC, Public Health, Rotterdam, NetherlandsDutch Health Care Inspectorate, Utrecht, The Netherlands Institute of Health Policy & Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The NetherlandsPublic Health Department, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands - - 2014
Smoking-cessation counselling during pregnancy is important to prevent smoking-related harm in pregnant smokers and their children. Therefore we evaluated the effects of an Inspectorate's supervision programme on provision of smoking-cessation counselling by midwifery practices in the Netherlands. The supervision programme consisted of three elements: A)-A deadline was announced by which ...
Moody Louise L Department of Industrial Design, Coventry School of Art and Design, Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry, CV1 5FB, UK, - - 2014
As the population of young cancer survivors increases, there is a need to develop alternative ways of providing post-treatment support. Online systems potentially offer self-management and e-learning support following cancer treatment. This research aims to explore the self-management support needs of teenage and young adult cancer survivors and consider whether ...
Leitan Nuwan D ND Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Vic., - - 2014
Self-management is emerging as a viable alternative to difficult-to-access psychosocial treatments for bipolar disorder (BD), and has particular relevance to recovery-related goals around empowerment and personal meaning. This review examines data and theory on BD self-management from a recovery-oriented perspective, with a particular focus on optimizing low-intensity delivery of self-management ...
Godwin Jacob J Private practice, Spokane, - - 2014
Abstract Evidence-based medicine offers important opportunities and poses critical challenges to the acupuncture profession. Having a clear understanding of what evidence-based medicine is and what it is not is necessary to understanding how the acupuncture field might benefit by adopting evidence-based medicine as its paradigm. This article discusses the need ...
Yalew Estifanos - - 2014
Diarrhea control programs require evidences on factors which influence the caregiver's treatment of illness. Thus, understanding the caregiver's perception of the causes and management of diarrhea is very essential to plan effective prevention and control measures. This study aimed to explore their perceptions towards the causes and management of childhood ...
Bisseriex Hélène H Neuro-Urology Department, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Tenon Hospital, Paris, - - 2014
Until now, no questionnaire has been developed to study specific expectations concerning sexual dysfunction management and the availability of information on sexuality in the female population affected by multiple sclerosis (MS). Understanding and meeting the patient's expectations is an issue of considerable importance in the evaluation of medical care. We ...
Armstrong Natalie N Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diagnosis is fundamental to the practice of medicine and mastery of it is central to the process of both becoming and practicing as a doctor. We focus on diagnosis as a process, in particular from the perspective of clinicians performing it. We explore how UK clinicians exercise discretion about whether ...
Chapman Demian D DD Institute for Ocean Conservation Science and School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-5000; email: - - 2014
The overexploitation of sharks has become a global environmental issue in need of a comprehensive and multifaceted management response. Tracking studies are beginning to elucidate how shark movements shape the internal dynamics and structure of populations, which determine the most appropriate scale of these management efforts. Tracked sharks frequently either ...
Prabhu S S PG and Research Department of Botany and Microbiology, AVVM Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous) Poondi, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to document the medicinal plants by the traditional medical practitioners from Kalrayan hills of Villupuram district in Tamil Nadu, India. Quantitatively analyses of the data were made to acquire some useful leads for further studies. Successive free listing was the method adopted for ...
Kim Jong Yeol JY Department of Medical Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-811, Republic of - - 2014
The history of the constitution perspective in medical care dates back thousands of years and extends from the East to the West. Among the various forms of constitutional medicine, Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM) is a holistic, tailored medical approach that is based on a well-structured theoretical system that includes physiopathological ...
Mendez Diana H - - 2014
BackgroundVeterinary infection control for the management of Hendra virus (HeV), an emerging zoonosis in Australia, remained suboptimal until 2010 despite 71.4% (5/7) of humans infected with HeV being veterinary personnel or assisting a veterinarian, three of whom died before 2009. The aim of this study was to identify the perceived ...
Footman Katharine K European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pharmaceutical costs dominate out-of-pocket payments in former Soviet countries, posing a severe threat to financial equity and access to health services. Nationally representative household survey data collected in Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine were analysed to compare the level of population having to forego medicines in ...
Huang Yingying Y a School of Sociology and Population Studies Centre , Institute of Sexuality and Gender, Renmin (People's) University of China , Beijing , - - 2014
The Chinese Government periodically enforces anti-prostitution laws through regular police presence in red light districts and through the arrests of brothel managers and sex workers. One of the most intense crackdowns on prostitution occurred throughout China in 2010. Using the 'structure-agency' framework and ethnographic approach, this paper examines the influence ...
Hodges Nicola J NJ a School of Kinesiology , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , - - 2014
ABSTRACT There is evidence that the learning benefits of contextual interference (CI) are moderated by experience, yet we do not know if these experiences are related to specific practice with random schedules. In two experiments, CI practice schedule was manipulated on Day 1. We evaluated its impact on 3 new ...
Petek Šter Marija M Department of Family Medicine, Medical faculty, University of Ljubljana , Ljubljana , - - 2014
Background: Due to the importance of family medicine and a relative shortage of doctors in this discipline, it is important to know how the decision to choose a career in this field is made. Objective: Since this decision is closely linked to students' attitudes towards family medicine, we were interested ...
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