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Aranaz Alicia A Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain, - - 2015
The field of molecular diagnostics in veterinary practice is rapidly evolving. An array of molecular techniques of different complexity is available to facilitate the fast and specific diagnosis of animal diseases. The choice for the adequate technique is dependent on the mission and attributions of the laboratory and requires both ...
Foulkes Amy C AC The Dermatology Centre, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, The University of Manchester, Salford, Manchester M6 8HD, - - 2015
Psoriasis is a model disease for the development of pharmacogenomic markers of treatment response, with ready access to diseased tissue and objective validated outcome measures. With the application of state-of-the-art technologies and investment in careful experimental design, the goal of stratified medicine in psoriasis may be possible. Current pharmacogenomic studies ...
Leonardi Craig L CL Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1034 South Brentwood Boulevard, Suite 600, St Louis, MO 63117-1206, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
This review delivers a commentary on the first decade of biologics' use in psoriasis and provides a glimpse of the pipeline of therapies currently in development for psoriasis that will enhance the therapeutic armamentarium available to the dermatologist. In addition, the authors revisit the rationale for the development of biological ...
Betthauser Lisa M LM *Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN) 19 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC) †Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver ‡Departments of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Anschutz School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver §Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora ∥Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, - - 2014
Although Veterans utilize complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) at rates comparable with civilians, little is known about Veterans' attitudes and beliefs toward CAM. Measures to increase such knowledge may help to identify treatment preferences, particularly among those with signature conditions from the recent conflicts [ie, traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic ...
Rani Elwy A A *Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford Departments of †Health Policy and Management ‡Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA §Center for Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, VA San Diego Healthcare System ∥Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA ¶Integrative Health and Wellness Program, War Related Injuries and Illness Center, Washington DC VA Medical Center, Washington, DC #Center for the Study of Healthcare Innovation, Implementation and Policy, Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center, North Hills **RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, - - 2014
Meditation, imagery, acupuncture, and yoga are the most frequently offered mind and body practices in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Yet, the research on mind and body practices has been critiqued as being too limited in evidence and scope to inform clinical treatment. We conducted a systematic scoping review of ...
Angeler David G DG Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7050, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden, - - 2014
Freshwater ecosystems are important for global biodiversity and provide essential ecosystem services. There is consensus in the scientific literature that freshwater ecosystems are vulnerable to the impacts of environmental change, which may trigger irreversible regime shifts upon which biodiversity and ecosystem services may be lost. There are profound uncertainties regarding ...
Repke John T JT Dr. Repke is from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Penn State College of Medicine- Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania; e-mail: - - 2014
This month we focus on current research in labor management. Dr. Repke discusses five recent publications, and each is concluded with a "bottom line" that is the take-home message. The complete reference for each can be found in on this page, along with direct links to the abstracts.
Pruzansky Jason S JS The Philadelphia Hand Center, P.C., 834 Chestnut Street, Suite G114, Philadelphia, PA 19107 - - 2014
Trigger digit is a common pathology encountered by hand surgeons, but there is a lack of evidence-based guidelines. We investigated the treatment preferences of hand surgeons and explored whether geographic location, type of residency training, or clinical experience is associated with differences in practice. An online survey was distributed via ...
Sapkota Lok Mani LM ECARDS Nepal, Kathmandu, 8115, Nepal, - - 2014
The attributes of social ecological systems affect the management of commons. Strengthening and enhancing social capital and the enforcement of rules and sanctions aid in the collective action of communities in forest fire management. Using a set of variables drawn from previous studies on the management of commons, we conducted ...
Cheng Teresa M TM 1 Division of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine , Boston, - - 2014
Abstract Background: In 2004, the CDC and the American Cancer Society (ACS) published performance guidelines recommending a validated method of clinical breast exams (CBE) using the vertical strips method (VSM) along with other key exam components. We examined the use of the VSM by academic medicine physicians and identified predictor ...
Rohan-Minjares Felisha F Dr. Rohan-Minjares is associate professor of family and community medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Mr. Alfero is executive director, Hidalgo Medical Services, Center for Health Innovation, Silver City, New Mexico. Dr. Kaufman is distinguished professor of family and community medicine and vice chancellor for community health, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
The discipline of family medicine is essential to improving quality and reducing the cost of care in an effective health care system. Yet the slow growth of this field has not kept pace with national demand. In their study, Rodríguez and colleagues report on the influence of the social environment ...
Blower Philip J PJ King's College London, Division of Imaging Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, 4th Floor Lambeth Wing, St Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, UK. - - 2014
Radioisotopes of elements from all parts of the periodic table find both clinical and research applications in radionuclide molecular imaging and therapy (nuclear medicine). This article provides an overview of these applications in relation to both the radiological properties of the radionuclides and the chemical properties of the elements, indicating ...
Davids Jeffrey C JC Davids Engineering, 3881 Benatar Way, Suite G, Chico, CA 95928; CSU Chico, Department of Civil Engineering, 400 W 1st Street, Chico, CA - - 2014
Most surface water bodies (i.e., streams, lakes, etc.) are connected to the groundwater system to some degree so that changes to surface water bodies (either diversions or importations) can change flows in aquifer systems, and pumping from an aquifer can reduce discharge to, or induce additional recharge from streams, springs, ...
Magaletta Philip R - - 2014
Practicing psychotherapy with inmates in correctional settings is challenging. Psychotherapists may be asked to address multiple treatment targets including severe mental illness and disruptive behaviors, alongside other recidivism-related factors such as substance abuse, criminal thinking errors, and deviant peer networks. In addition, the practice occurs with the secure confines of ...
Martinez Joseph P JP University of Maryland School of Medicine , - - 2014
Abstract The expanding use of bedside ultrasonography in the practice of emergency medicine and other specialties is accompanied by the need to train medical students in its applications and interpretation of its results. In this article, the authors describe their successful design, launch, and management of the ultrasound elective at ...
Boulet Louis-Philippe LP aInstitut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Quebec bInstitute for Heart and Lung Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada cWoolcock Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Glebe, New South Wales, - - 2014
This document reviews a major revision of the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention that was published in 2014. The report aimed not only to update evidence-based recommendations for asthma diagnosis and management but also to innovate through a new format and layout to make ...
Kennedy Anne A Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
Living with and self-managing a long-term condition implicates a diversity of networked relationships. This qualitative study examines the personal communities of support of people with type 2 diabetes. We conducted 170 biographical interviews in six European countries (Bulgaria, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain and UK) to explore social support and ...
van Baalen Sophie S Department of Philosophy, University of Twente, Enschede, The - - 2014
In decision making concerning the diagnosis and treatment of patients, doctors have a responsibility to do this to the best of their abilities. Yet we argue that the current paradigm for best medical practice - evidence-based medicine (EBM) - does not always support this responsibility. EBM was developed to promote ...
dosReis Susan S Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 220 Arch Street, 12th Floor, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA, - - 2014
Management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a trade-off between caregivers' concerns about the benefits versus the risks of evidence-based treatment. Few studies have used choice-based methods to assess what treatment attributes matter most to caregivers. The aim was to develop and to pilot an instrument to elicit caregivers' preferences for ...
Dickfos Marilla M 1Medical Student,University of - - 2014
Aim To explore GPs' perceptions of their role in primary prevention, barriers experienced and willingness to accommodate an automated, computer-tailored intervention. General practice is an attractive setting for primary prevention of chronic disease. Due to constraints in time and knowledge it is underutilised. Telephone interviews of 13 GPs in Brisbane, ...
Al Turki Yousef Abdullah YA Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 28054, Riyadh, 11437, Saudi Arabia, - - 2014
Mass Gathering Medicine is one of the new disciplines in Medicine which deal with all health aspects in overcrowded areas. Mass Gathering Medicine is an important new challenging discipline which needs to be supported by all concern experts such as the World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ...
Thorley K K Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health Research, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK, - - 2014
An audit of working age patients' records in two Cornish general practices in 2012 found infrequent and inconsistent recording of patients' occupations. A concurrent survey of general practitioners (GPs) in Cornwall found that a majority of them believed it was important to do so. To review occupation recording in the ...
Embrey Nikki N North Midland MS Service, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke on - - 2014
This article describes the complex neurological condition multiple sclerosis (MS) and its management. It outlines the pathophysiology and symptoms, the importance of timely access to specialist services for treatment of symptoms, and relapse and disease management. New and emerging therapies for the management of MS, the role of the multidisciplinary ...
Kahn L L Tulane--Ochsner Neurosurgery, New Orleans, USA - - - 2014
Spina bifida remains a challenging neurosurgical entity to manage despite both an increased awareness of the disease as well as a decreased incidence due to folic acid supplementation. We review the spectrum of neural tube defects, which are the second most common serious congenital defect and the most common of ...
Macintyre Iain I Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK - - 2014
James Hill was apprenticed to the formidable Edinburgh surgeon, physician and philosopher George Young from whom he learned the value of careful observation and scepticism in medicine. As a surgeon in Dumfries he was able to take advantage of newly established medical journals to publish case reports. His book Cases ...
Tileston Kali K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University, Redwood City, - - 2014
Emergency medicine and pediatric physicians often provide initial pediatric fracture care. Therefore, basic knowledge of the various treatment options is essential. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of information commonly available to these physicians in textbooks and online regarding the management of pediatric supracondylar humerus and ...
Van Hecke Oliver O Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK - - 2014
The literature about medical chaperones in primary care is limited to a handful of English-speaking countries. It remains largely unknown to what extent chaperones are offered (and used) outside the published literature. The current study aimed to explore the attitudes and experiences of a group of general practitioners (GPs; family ...
Michael Vallis V Diabetes Management Centre, c/o Primary Care, Suite 265, Mumford Professional Centre, 6960 Mumford Rd, Halifax NS Canada B3L 4P1. - - 2014
Diabetes management is complex and requires significant effort from the person with diabetes to achieve recommended self-management behaviours. Achieving guideline concordant self-management is made easier when the person with diabetes is committed to the behaviours. Ambivalence is the psychological state in which a person experiences inconsistent drives; both toward and ...
Higgins Angela A Occupational Health, Northern Health and Social Care Trust, Antrim Hospital, Antrim, BT41 2RL, Northern Ireland, UK, - - 2014
Purpose The success of measures to reduce long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in public sector organisations is contingent on organisational context. This realist evaluation investigates how interventions interact with context to influence successful management of LTSA. Methods Multi-method case study in three Health and Social Care Trusts in Northern Ireland comprising ...
Mitchell Gary G Department of Employment and Learning, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, - - 2014
To describe the protocol used to examine the processes of communication between health professionals, patients and informal carers during the management of oral chemotherapeutic medicines to identify factors that promote or inhibit medicine concordance. Ideally communication practices about oral medicines should incorporate shared decision-making, two-way dialogue and an equality of ...
Connor Ashton A AA Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The identification of germline variants that predispose to cancer is important to further our understanding of tumorigenesis, guide patient management, prevent disease in unaffected relatives, and inform best practice for health care. We describe a kindred with multiple gastrointestinal malignancies where a novel MSH6 germline susceptibility variant was identified by ...
Woo Jong-Min - - 2014
Traditional Korean medicine (TKM) is acknowledged to be prevalent among the Korean public, but few follow-up studies are available to confirm this commonly held belief. Whereas most survey studies have focused on the demographic factors influencing the usage of TKM, only a few studies have conducted a pattern or trend ...
Acar H Volkan HV - - 2014
Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu (1385-1468?), the author of Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye (Imperial Surgery), was a distinguished Ottoman Turkish surgeon. The first illustrated Turkish surgical textbook, Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye consisted of three chapters (ie, cauterisation treatments, surgical procedures and fractures and dislocations). Although the main source of the book was Al-Tasrif (Textbook of Surgery) by Albucasis (Abu ...
Moritz Max A MA Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, Division of Ecosystem Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, 130 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, California 94720, - - 2014
The impacts of escalating wildfire in many regions - the lives and homes lost, the expense of suppression and the damage to ecosystem services - necessitate a more sustainable coexistence with wildfire. Climate change and continued development on fire-prone landscapes will only compound current problems. Emerging strategies for managing ecosystems ...
Rowland Bosco C BC School of Psychology, Deakin University, - - 2014
Objective: Community sports clubs provide an important contribution to the health and wellbeing of individuals and the community; however, they have also been associated with risky alcohol consumption. This study assessed whether a club's alcohol management strategies were related to risky alcohol consumption by members and levels of social capital, ...
Haq Shaji S SS University of - - 2014
This study evaluated the effects of massed and distributed practice on the acquisition of tacts and textual behavior in typically developing children. We compared the effects of massed practice (i.e., consolidating all practice opportunities during the week into a single session) and distributed practice (i.e., distributing all practice opportunities across ...
Brown Lauren L New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA - - 2014
Objective. To describe barriers and facilitators relevant to pediatric weight management from the perspective of at-risk overweight children and families. Methods. Systematic thematic analysis of semistructured interviews with overweight children and families from diverse backgrounds at a large, urban academic pediatrics practice. Results. Twenty-five parents and their children ages 2 ...
Wright Anna E AE Anna E Wright, Nicholas J Rukin, Department of Urology, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton WV10 0QP, United - - 2014
Urolithaisis is becoming an ever increasing urological, nephrological and primary care problem. With a lifetime prevalence approaching 10% and increasing morbidity due to stone disease, the role of ureteroscopy and stone removal is becoming more important. We discuss the current status of stone disease and review the ever increasing role ...
Kishnani Priya S PS Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Disclaimer: This guideline is designed primarily as an educational resource for clinicians to help them provide quality medical services. Adherence to this guideline is completely voluntary and does not necessarily ensure a successful medical outcome. This guideline should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive ...
Evans Roger R Nursing - - 2014
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) - Doctors Without Borders - was set up in 1971 as a small unit of emergency doctors offering international relief missions in countries such as Cambodia, Nicaragua and the war-torn Nigerian province of Biafra.
Fredriksson Mio - - 2014
BackgroundThe Swedish government has increasingly begun to rely on so called informative governance when regulating healthcare. The question this article sets out to answer is: considered to be ¿the backbone¿ of the Swedish state¿s strategy for informative governance in healthcare, what kind of regulatory arrangement is the evidence-based National Guidelines? ...
Qaseem Amir - - 2014
The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on the comparative effectiveness and safety of preventive dietary and pharmacologic management of recurrent nephrolithiasis in adults. This guideline is based on published literature on this topic that was identified using MEDLINE, the ...
Balachandran Jay S - - 2014
This issue provides a clinical overview of Obstructive Sleep Apnea focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, practice improvement, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge ...
Dotan Gad - - 2014
To study common management policies of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNDLO) among pediatric ophthalmologists. A 21-question survey was sent to members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus in April 2014. The questions focused on treatment of CNLDO during the first year of life, primary and secondary surgical ...
Mothupi Mamothena Carol - - 2014
Maternal health is a public health priority in many African countries, but little is known about herbal medicine use in pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the pattern of use of herbal medicine in an urban setting, where women have relatively high access to public healthcare. This cross-sectional study included ...
Vaughan Camille P CP Department of Veterans Affairs, Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Decatur, Georgia; Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Landmark articles from the peer-reviewed literature can be used to teach the fundamental principles of geriatric medicine. Three approaches were used in sequential combination to identify landmark articles as a resource for geriatricians and other healthcare practitioners. Candidate articles were identified first through a literature review and expert opinion survey ...
Gascoyne Alexandra A Formerly from School of Pharmacy, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Background The practice of medication sharing, the lending (giving) or borrowing (taking) of prescription medicines, has been reported increasingly in the literature. Aim This study aimed to investigate prescription medication sharing practices among adults in Auckland, New Zealand. Setting Community pharmacies in Auckland. Method A cross-sectional survey was conducted in ...
Reynard Kevin K Consultant in Emergency Medicine in the Department of Emergency Medicine, St James's University Hospital, Leeds LS9 - - 2014
Workforce crises in medicine can be devastating for a specialty, patients and professionals. Emergency medicine and general practice are currently affected but other acute specialties are showing early signs and symptoms of the condition. While symptomatic treatments are helpful, recognition and treatment of the causes is critical.
Naranjo Diana D University of California, 3333 California St. Suite 245, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic disease that has many facets for successful management. The burden of this management falls largely on the individual and their family members. Self-management has a major influence on T1D health outcomes, and with successful management, children and adolescents with T1D can lead ...
Lump Devon D Department of Neurosurgery and Neurocritical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3rd Floor Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is characterized by the rapid onset and paroxysmal cycling of agitation and dystonia in association with autonomic symptoms. These symptoms may include the following: tachycardia, hypertension, tachypnea, fever, pupil dilation, decreased level of consciousness, diaphoresis, and ventilator dyssynchrony. In a critically ill patient, these are all ...
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