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Naranjo Diana D University of California, 3333 California St. Suite 245, Box 0503, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA, - - 2014
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic disease that has many facets for successful management. The burden of this management falls largely on the individual and their family members. Self-management has a major influence on T1D health outcomes, and with successful management, children and adolescents with T1D can lead ...
Lump Devon D Department of Neurosurgery and Neurocritical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3rd Floor Silverstein Building, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is characterized by the rapid onset and paroxysmal cycling of agitation and dystonia in association with autonomic symptoms. These symptoms may include the following: tachycardia, hypertension, tachypnea, fever, pupil dilation, decreased level of consciousness, diaphoresis, and ventilator dyssynchrony. In a critically ill patient, these are all ...
McClafferty Hilary H Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA, - - 2014
Treatment of asthma lends itself to an integrative medicine approach due to the multifactorial nature of the disease. It is well established that asthma has a neuromuscular component (bronchospasm), an immunological component (inflammation), and a psychological component. This encourages the use of diverse approaches to address all avenues of pathophysiology, ...
Tan Dongfeng D MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
Personalized medicine, in concert with targeted oncologic therapy, has become one of the most active, rapidly advancing, and clinically challenging pursuits in cancer treatment. A major concern for molecular geneticists and clinicians must be to focus upon prioritizing those issues that are most important for research and targeted management in ...
van Niekerk Dewald D Director, African Centre for Disaster Studies, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2014
The promulgation of the South African Disaster Management Act No. 57 of 2002 and the National Disaster Management Policy Framework of 2005 placed South Africa at the international forefront by integrating disaster risk reduction into all spheres of government through a decentralised approach. Yet, good policy and legislation do not ...
Dickinson Mike M Lancashire Simulation Centre, Royal Preston Hospital, Preston, Lancashire, - - 2014
Fifth-year medical students build on their experiences of simulation and clinical placement to undertake a period of pager contact, during which they must respond appropriately to a variety of 'bleep' messages, culminating in the team management of a complex scenario. In anticipation of their graduation to foundation-year doctors, fifth-year students ...
Hartzell Larry D LD Arkansas Children's Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1 Children's Way, Slot 836, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article reviews the most current practice guidelines in the diagnosis and management of patients born with cleft lip and/or palate. Such patients frequently have multiple medical and social issues that benefit greatly from a team approach. Common challenges include feeding difficulty, nutritional deficiency, speech disorders, hearing problems, ear disease, ...
Lopez Pedro-Jose PJ Department of Pediatric Urology, Exequiel González Cortés Hospital, Santiago, Chile, - - 2014
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a disorder that has been studied since the early days of pediatric urology. From 1893, when it was first documented in humans by Pozzi, the research and clinical management of VUR has been marked by pendulum swings through the decades. Initially, the vesicoureteral junction was the ...
Ni Xinqiang X Department of Pediatrics of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 138 Xian Lin Avenue, Nanjing, China, - - 2014
This review covers an introduction of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), focusing on the traditional theoretic basis from the perspective of TCM regarding ADHD's cause, pathogenesis, methods of syndrome differentiation, and rationale for treatment. The authors present commonly accepted and successfully practiced clinical procedures used in ...
Reynolds Erin E *Sports Medicine Concussion Program and §Centers for Rehab Services, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and ‡University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
: The clinical management of sports-related concussions is a specialized area of interest with a lack of empirical findings regarding best practice approaches. The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Sports Concussion Program was the first of its kind; 13 years after its inception, it remains a leader in the clinical ...
Putukian Margot M *University Health Services, Princeton University, Washington Road, Princeton, New Jersey; ‡University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
: The management of patients with sports-related concussion (SRC) is comprehensive and includes preseason planning, education, initial evaluation, postinjury assessment, disposition, return-to-play decisions, and consideration of long-term brain health. Several recent publications have addressed sports concussion management using the best available evidence, and we review them here. The diagnosis and ...
Brigstocke Tim T Veterinary Residues Committee, c/o Residues Surveillance Unit, Veterinary Medicines Directorate, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 - - 2014
In the second of an occasional series of articles for Veterinary Record produced by the Veterinary Residues Committee, Tim Brigstocke discusses the implications for producers of the finding of non-compliant medicines residues in their animals.
Mendez Diana H - - 2014
BackgroundVeterinary infection control for the management of Hendra virus (HeV), an emerging zoonosis in Australia, remained suboptimal until 2010 despite 71.4% (5/7) of humans infected with HeV being veterinary personnel or assisting a veterinarian, three of whom died before 2009. The aim of this study was to identify the perceived ...
Huang Yingying Y a School of Sociology and Population Studies Centre , Institute of Sexuality and Gender, Renmin (People's) University of China , Beijing , - - 2014
The Chinese Government periodically enforces anti-prostitution laws through regular police presence in red light districts and through the arrests of brothel managers and sex workers. One of the most intense crackdowns on prostitution occurred throughout China in 2010. Using the 'structure-agency' framework and ethnographic approach, this paper examines the influence ...
Hodges Nicola J NJ a School of Kinesiology , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , - - 2014
ABSTRACT There is evidence that the learning benefits of contextual interference (CI) are moderated by experience, yet we do not know if these experiences are related to specific practice with random schedules. In two experiments, CI practice schedule was manipulated on Day 1. We evaluated its impact on 3 new ...
Petek Šter Marija M Department of Family Medicine, Medical faculty, University of Ljubljana , Ljubljana , - - 2014
Background: Due to the importance of family medicine and a relative shortage of doctors in this discipline, it is important to know how the decision to choose a career in this field is made. Objective: Since this decision is closely linked to students' attitudes towards family medicine, we were interested ...
Bodeker Gerard G 1 Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, Division of Medical Sciences, University of Oxford , Oxford, United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract The linkage between herbal medicines and the sustainability of medical plants from which they are manufactured is increasingly being understood and receiving attention through international accords and trade labeling systems. However, little attention is paid to the fair trade aspects of this sector, including the issue of benefit-sharing agreements ...
Omernik James M JM U.S. Geological Survey, c/o US EPA, 200 SW 35th Street, Corvallis, OR, 97333, USA, - - 2014
A map of ecological regions of the conterminous United States, first published in 1987, has been greatly refined and expanded into a hierarchical spatial framework in response to user needs, particularly by state resource management agencies. In collaboration with scientists and resource managers from numerous agencies and institutions in the ...
Shkedi-Rafid Shiri S Wessex Clinical Genetic Service Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Ethics and Law at Southampton (CELS), University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
The rapidly declining costs and increasing speeds of whole-genome analysis mean that genetic testing is undergoing a shift from targeted approaches to broader ones that look at the entire genome. As whole-genome technologies gain widespread use, questions about the management of so-called incidental findings-those unrelated to the question being asked-need ...
Wafula Francis - - 2014
Specialized drug shops (SDSs) are popular in Sub-Saharan Africa because they provide convenient access to medicines. There is increasing interest in how policymakers can work with them, but little knowledge on how their operation relates to regulatory frameworks. This study sought to describe characteristics and predictors of regulatory practices among ...
Sorbi Mj M Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, the Netherlands - - 2014
This randomized, controlled trial examined the medium-term effectiveness of online behavioral training in migraine self-management (oBT; N = 195) versus waitlist control (WLC; N = 173) on attack frequency, indicators of self-management (primary outcomes), headache top intensity, use of rescue medications, quality of life and disability (secondary outcomes). An online headache diary following the ...
Sullivan W Patrick WP a Indiana - - 2014
Effective case managers in community mental health are successful at forging a working alliance with recipients. This paper explores one key aspect of case management practice, serving involuntary clients, specifically those on outpatient commitment orders. Drawing from 19 intensive interviews, a subset of a larger study, case managers shared their ...
Shull Hannah H David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California; Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Statistics Core, and Program in Global Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, California - - 2014
In 2008, the UCLA Department of Medicine established a three-week clinical elective in Malawi, Africa, for Medicine and Medicine/Pediatrics residents. We sought to determine whether the elective resulted in improved medical knowledge, alterations in career trajectory, and whether the opportunity for the elective influenced selection of UCLA for residency. A ...
Saw Anna E AE Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia 1Centre for Exercise and Sport Science 2Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition - - 2014
Athlete self-report measures (ASRM) are a common and cost-effective method of athlete monitoring. It is purported that ASRM be used to detect athletes at risk of overtraining, injury or illness, allowing intervention through training modification. However it is not known whether ASRM are actually being used for or are achieving ...
Leger Juliane J J Leger, paediatric endocrinology, Hôpital Robert Debre, Paris, 75019, France - - 2014
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common congenital endocrine disorder. The early treatment of CH patients has successfully improved the prognosis and management of this disorder. Optimal treatment and management throughout the patient's life, beginning in the neonatal period, are required to ensure long-term health. Affected patients should be offered ...
Creutzburg Megan K MK Department of Environmental Science and Management and Institute for Natural Resources, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland, OR, 97207-0751, USA, - - 2014
Climate change, along with exotic species, disturbances, and land use change, will likely have major impacts on sagebrush steppe ecosystems in the western U.S. over the next century. To effectively manage sagebrush steppe landscapes for long-term goals, managers need information about the interacting impacts of climate change, disturbances and land ...
Charlier J J Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, - - 2014
Due to the development of anthelmintic resistance, there have been calls for more sustainable nematode control practices. Two important concepts were introduced to study and promote the sustainable use of anthelmintics: targeted treatments (TT), where the whole flock/herd is treated based on knowledge of the risk, or parameters that quantify ...
Thomas M M Department of Mental Health & Learning Disabilities, Faculty of Health & Social Care, University of Chester, Chester, - - 2014
Bulimia nervosa, if not treated or if treated unsuccessfully, can develop into a severe and enduring eating disorder. Analysis of self-management of Seed-BN indicates that individuals frequently experience significant negative mental health issues and a complex relationship with medication management. Two discrete patterns of coping strategies to prevent deterioration in ...
Lannelongue Gustavo G Universidad de Salamanca, Facultad de Economia y Empresa, Campus Miguel de Unamuno, 37007 Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research addresses the relationship between an organisation's assimilation of its environmental management system (EMS), the experience it gains through it, and its environmental performance. Assimilation here refers to the degree to which the requirements of the management standard are integrated within a plant's daily operations. Basing ourselves on the ...
Rodríguez Juan Antonio JA Institute of Evolutionary Biology (UPF-CSIC-PRBB), Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2014
The application of the principles of evolutionary biology into medicine was suggested long ago and is already providing insight into the ultimate causes of disease. However, a full systematic integration of medical genomics and evolutionary medicine is still missing. Here, we briefly review some cases where the combination of the ...
Kricka Larry J LJ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 7.103 Founders Pavilion, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Predicting the future is a difficult task. Not surprisingly, there are many examples and assumptions that have proved to be wrong. This review surveys the many predictions, beginning in 1887, about the future of laboratory medicine and its sub-specialties such as clinical chemistry and molecular pathology. It provides a commentary ...
- - 2014
The form, functions and inner workings of the human body are fascinating. This book shows the body as hospital doctors see it in their everyday practice through medical imaging.
Robert Glenn - - 2014
BackgroundThe need to better understand processes of removing, reducing, or replacing healthcare services that are no longer deemed essential or effective is common across publicly funded healthcare systems. This paper explores expert international opinion regarding, first, the factors and processes that shape the successful implementation of decommissioning decisions and, second, ...
Ndukwe Henry C HC School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, - - 2014
Psychotropic medicine utilization has increased worldwide among older people (aged 65 years or older), in relation to utilization of other medicines. The aim of this population-level study was to describe and characterize the national utilization of psychotropic medicines in older people in New Zealand between 2005 and 2013. Repeated cross-sectional analysis ...
LaChance Avery A Division of Dermatopathology, Department of Dermatology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, - - 2014
The clinical use of molecular diagnostics, genomics, and personalized medicine is increasing and improving rapidly over time. However, medical education incorporating the practical application of these techniques is lagging behind. Although instruction in these areas should be expanded upon and improved at all levels of training, residency provides a concentrated ...
Londra Laura C LC Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Lutherville, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the use of Spanish language translation on the websites of reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) practices in the context of evidence of underuse of infertility services by minority populations. Cross-sectional survey of websites from REI practices. Websites of all REI practices that report to the Society for Assisted ...
Cohen Wayne R WR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent guidelines issued jointly by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine for assessing labor progress differ substantially from those described initially by Friedman, which have guided clinical practice for decades. The guidelines are based on results obtained from new and untested methods of ...
Tian Hongliang H Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210002, - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) play an important role in healthcare. The guideline development process should be precise and rigorous to ensure that the results are reproducible and not vague. To determine the quality of guidelines, the Appraisal of Guidelines and Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument was developed and introduced. The ...
Agboola Julius Ibukun JI Operating Unit Ishikawa/Kanazawa, Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, United Nations University, Ishikawa, 920-0962, Japan, - - 2014
Sustainable use and allocation of aquatic resources including water resources require implementation of ecologically appropriate technologies, efficient and relevant to local needs. Despite the numerous international agreements and provisions on transfer of technology, this has not been successfully achieved in developing countries. While reviewing some challenges to technological innovations and ...
van Houtum Lieke L Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research (NIVEL), PO Box 1568, 3500 BN, Utrecht, Netherlands, - - 2014
Self-management is widely accepted as an essential component of chronic care. Nevertheless, little is known about patients' perceptions of self-management. This study aims to explore which self-management tasks and support needs people with chronic illness perceive for themselves, and to establish whether these tasks and support needs are disease specific. ...
Carroll Kathleen M KM Division of Substance Abuse, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, - - 2014
In the treatment of addictions, the gap between the availability of evidence-based therapies and their limited implementation in practice has not yet been bridged. Two empirically validated behavioral therapies, contingency management (CM) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), exemplify this challenge. Both have a relatively strong level of empirical support but ...
Park Jin Seong JS School of Advertising & Public Relations, College of Communication and Information, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA - - 2014
This study examined whether seniors' exposure to direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for Alzheimer's disease (AD) medicine contributes to his or her subjective and objective knowledge of AD. A self-administered survey was conducted with a sample of 626 US seniors who were registered for an online consumer research panel. The study found ...
Ma Yan Y Division of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Biotechnology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02215, - - 2014
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been gradually accepted by the world. Despite its widespread use in clinical settings, a major challenge in TCM is to study it scientifically. This difficulty arises from the fact that TCM views human body as a complex dynamical system, and focuses on the balance of ...
Mitropoulou Christina C Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Background: The pace of discoveries and advances in genomic research is not reflected in the pace of their translation and incorporation into day-to-day clinical medicine to individualize healthcare decision-making processes. One of the main obstacles is the poor understanding of the policies and the key stakeholders involved in these translation ...
Coyne L A LA Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston CH64 7TE, - - 2014
Increasing awareness of bacterial antimicrobial resistance in human beings and veterinary medicine has raised concerns over the issue of overprescribing and the indiscriminate use of antimicrobials. Their use in food-producing animals is under scrutiny due to the perceived risk from the zoonotic transfer of resistant pathogens from animals to human ...
Gomersall Tim - - 2014
Objectives: This article aims to elaborate chronotope disruption -a changed relation to time and space- as a sensitizing concept for understanding chronic illness narratives. Methods: Sixteen men and 16 women with Type 2 diabetes were purposefully sampled. Each was interviewed about his or her experience of diabetes self-management using the ...
Smith Anthony D M AD CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere Flagship, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two recent papers point to differing trends in the status of fish stocks in the Mediterranean and Atlantic fisheries of Europe. We discuss the possible reasons for these contrasting trends in relation to the history, ecosystems, fisheries and management in the two regions.
Biron Pascale M PM Department of Geography, Planning and Environment, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd W., Montreal, QC, H3G 1M8, Canada, - - 2014
River systems are increasingly under stress and pressure from agriculture and urbanization in riparian zones, resulting in frequent engineering interventions such as bank stabilization or flood protection. This study provides guidelines for a more sustainable approach to river management based on hydrogeomorphology concepts applied to three contrasted rivers in Quebec ...
- - 2014
The following information has been produced for Veterinary Record by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) to provide an update for veterinary surgeons on recent changes to marketing authorisations for veterinary medicines in the UK, and on other relevant issues.
Islam Sk Hafizul SH Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, 333031, India, - - 2014
Recently, many authentication protocols have been presented using smartcard for the telecare medicine information system (TMIS). In 2014, Xu et al. put forward a two-factor mutual authentication with key agreement protocol using elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). However, the authors have proved that the protocol is not appropriate for practical use ...
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