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Shoja Mohammadali M MM Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, 1600 7th Avenue South ACC 400, Birmingham, AL, 35233, USA, - - 2014
Galen of Pergamum was the physician of Roman Emperors and contributed to our early understanding of medicine and anatomy. Herein, we present a short biography of Galen and review his multiple contributions to medicine and anatomy. Although it has been almost 2,000 years since Galen walked the streets of the Roman ...
Dutreuil M M Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from dairy farms are a major concern. Our objectives were to assess the effect of mitigation strategies on GHG emissions and net return to management on 3 distinct farm production systems of Wisconsin. A survey was conducted on 27 conventional farms, 30 grazing farms, and 69 ...
Pedroso José Luiz JL Setor de Neurologia Geral e Ataxias, Departamento de Neurologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Marcel Proust was one of the greatest French writers of all times. Since early in his life, Proust was interested in arts and particularly literature. He also demonstrated a great knowledge of medicine, particularly neurology. His father was a doctor, and contributed to neurology through studies on aphasia, stroke, hysteria, ...
Masiello S N SN Milk Quality Improvement Program, Department of Food Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY - - 2014
Some strains of sporeforming bacteria (e.g., Bacillus spp. and Paenibacillus spp.) can survive pasteurization and subsequently grow at refrigeration temperatures, causing pasteurized fluid milk spoilage. To identify farm management practices associated with different levels of sporeformers in raw milk, a bulk tank sample was obtained from and a management and ...
Simensen Egil - - 2014
Housing sheep in insulated, warm buildings, which is common in Norway, involves high buildings costs, but has not been reported to improve health and performance. Few studies have dealt with the association between housing and management and reproductive performance.Data on housing and management during the indoor period from a questionnaire ...
Grant Heather M HM Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:There has been an increased emphasis on improving the level of evidence used as the basis for clinical treatment decisions. Several journals now require a statement of the level of evidence as a basic gauge of the study's strength. PURPOSE:To review the levels of evidence in published articles in the ...
Piepers S S M-team & Mastitis and Milk Quality Research Unit, Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics and Herd Health Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Associations between herd management practices and both bacterial counts (BC) and coliform counts (CC) from 254 and 242 dairy herds in Flanders (Belgium), respectively, were studied. Data were analyzed using multivariable, multilevel linear regression analysis, allowing variance components analyses. Both BC and CC fluctuated throughout the year, although the milk ...
McDougall S S 1 Cognosco, Anexa Animal Health, PO Box 21, Morrinsville 3300, New - - 2014
There has been a long history of herd health and production management programmes in many dairy industries around the world, but evidence for the efficacy of such programmes is limited. In response to a perceived decline in fertility of dairy cows, a herd reproductive management programme (InCalf) was introduced in ...
O' Doherty E E 1 Teagasc, Animal & Grassland, Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2014
A survey of management practices in 309 Irish dairy herds was used to identify risk factors for the presence of antibodies to Salmonella, Neospora caninum and Leptospira interrogans serovar hardjo in extensively managed unvaccinated dairy herds. A previous study documented a herd-level seroprevalence in bulk milk of 49%, 19% and ...
Amato Clara C Department of Social & Developmental Psychology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, - - 2014
This research investigated the relationship between regulatory mode orientations (locomotion and assessment), time management behaviours and the perceived control of time. "Locomotion" refers to the aspect of self-regulation involving the movement from state to state, whereas "assessment" is the comparative aspect of self-regulation that refers to the critical evaluation of ...
Blach Ola O Department of Urology, Royal Sussex County Hospital, Brighton, United Kingdom; Department of Urology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. Electronic address: - - 2014
To review the management of postvasectomy fertility options by urologists with vs without andrology fellowship and compare the features of practice in the USA vs UK. We conducted an audit of all American Urological Association-affiliated urologists regarding their practice in managing men requesting vasectomy reversal (VR). Standards of practice were ...
Kocks J E M JE CRV B.V., P.O. Box 454, 6800 AL Arnhem, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Determining the volume of an ejaculate is an important part of processing semen in bovine AI laboratory practice. A multi-AI laboratory study was performed to estimate the density of whole bull semen, and whether the use of this value as a standard is suitable for practical use when semen of ...
Frydman René R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hôpital Foch de Suresnes, Suresnes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
This Views and Reviews includes three examples of a collaborative approach between surgery and reproductive medicine. Infertility surgery has developed into a subspecialty requiring the participation of both surgeons and reproductive medicine specialists before the decision to operate is made.
Ratelle John T JT Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Hospital medicine is a rapidly growing field of internal medicine. However, little is known about internal medicine residents' decisions to pursue careers in hospital medicine (HM). To identify which internal medicine residents choose a career in HM, and describe changes in this career choice over the course of their residency ...
Bernardes T F TF Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, Minas Gerais, 37200000, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dairy farmers across Brazil were invited to participate in a study on silage production and utilization practices. Two hundred sixty farmers filled out a questionnaire, which was made available on a website. The questionnaire consisted of 14 questions, including information about the characteristics of the herd (n = 3), the ...
Seidel George E GE - - 2014
In 2050, beef likely will be produced much as occurs currently, as (1) a by-product of dairying-cull cows and calves not needed as replacements; (2) intensively managed cattle in environments rich in feed resources; or (3) extensively managed cattle grazing land unsuitable for tillage, with calves often moving to richer ...
Papworth Julie - - 2014
This paper examines the foundation of the Royal Society of Medicine and the Sections of Odontology. It considers the remarkable achievements of Lilian Lindsay which were made at a time when the medical world was almost entirely dominated by men.
Blomstedt Patric P Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Umeå University, SE-901 85 Umeå, - - 2014
Herbowski (2013) suggested recently the Egyptian Imhotep from the 3rd dynasty in Egypt to be the discoverer of cerebrospinal fluid. There are, however, no sources within the first 2000 years after Imhotep suggesting him to be in any way connected with the field of medicine. Over the course of three ...
Scatena Camila C Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
This study evaluated, in vitro, the erosive potential of pediatric liquid medicines in primary tooth enamel, depending on the exposure time. Sixty deciduous incisors were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n=15), according to the immersion solutions: guaifenesin; ferrous sulfate; salbutamol sulfate and artificial saliva. The immersion cycles in the medicines ...
Rapp Delphine D Food and Bio-based Products, AgResearch, Bisley Road, Private Bag 3123, Hamilton, 3240, New - - 2013
To determine the fecal excretion of C. jejuni by dairy cows that used housing in combination with outdoor grazing. C. jejuni prevalence and concentration were measured in a total of 990 cow fecal samples collected from seven herd home farms (HH), seven stand-off pad farms (SOP) and seven pasture farms ...
Leventis Charalampos - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate whether briefly trained paramedics would be able to successfully intubate by endotracheal intubation (ETI) and using the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and the I-gel in a manikin model. After the completion of a questionnaire, a brief educational session, and presentation of ETI, ...
Agrawal Rina R University Hospitals, Warwickshire, London - - 2013
In the wake of political upheaval, the Human Fertilisation and Embryo Authority (HFEA) has faced increasing insecurity over its future as a pivotal regulatory body of fertility practices in the UK. HFEA regulates activities by means of licensing, audit, and inspection of fertility centers and maintaining the Code of Practice, ...
Porta C Rees CR Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Fort Lewis, - - 2013
Over 1,500 years ago, the St. Benedictine Monks used planning and strict schedules to increase their productivity. Since then, surgeons have developed several different strategies to manage our time effectively. Finding a balance among career, family, and hobbies is essential for maintaining satisfaction and optimizing productivity. Several recurring themes throughout ...
Ye Siqi - - 2013
Aim. This study's purpose was to determine if there was a relationship between Nobel Laureates' awards and landmark papers and winning the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during 1983-2012. Methods. The 66 Nobelists' awards and landmark papers in the period 1983-2012 were analyzed. Results. The results showed that the ...
Aljawad Mohammed - - 2013
Percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) is the standard procedure to obtain histological samples essential for the management of various liver diseases. While safe, many hepatologists no longer perform their own PLBs; the reasons for this practice shift are unknown. To describe the attitudes, practice patterns and barriers to PLB among hepatologists ...
Logue David N DN Large Animal Division, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
As European dairy farms become larger and diverge between grass-based and fully housed systems, interest in the welfare of the dairy cow and related environmental issues by consumers and legislators is increasing. These pressures mean that good nutrition and management, which underpin much dairy cow welfare, is critical. Despite considerable ...
Gordon Paz F - - 2013
Prophylactic measures are key components of dairy herd mastitis control programs, but some are only relevant in specific housing systems. To assess the association between management practices and mastitis incidence, data collected in 2011 by a survey among 979 randomly selected Swiss dairy farms, and information from the regular test ...
Patterson David J - - 2013
Use of existing and emerging management technologies enable beef producers to improve breeding performance of heifers during the first breeding season and during subsequent calving and rebreeding periods as 2 year olds. These practices ensure that heifers that enter the herd as raised or purchased replacements contribute to the general ...
van Wagenberg C P A - - 2013
Pig farms in the Netherlands producing boars have different levels of boar taint prevalence, as assessed by sensory evaluation with the human nose at the slaughter line. With a questionnaire to 152 Dutch pig producers (response rate 59%), farm and management characteristics were identified that are potentially associated with farm-level ...
Duvauchelle A - - 2013
A study was carried out in French breeder duck flocks in 2008 and 2009 to identify practices and events related to the introduction of avian influenza viruses (AIVs). The status of flocks was assessed using serological methods for all subtypes of AIV without typing. Flocks managed with both natural mating ...
Krueger Nils - - 2013
The history of beauty is as old as mankind itself - throughout history people have tried to improve their attractiveness and to enhance their beauty. The technical basis for many of nowadays procedures like lipoplasty, breast augmentation or rhinoplasty was thereby initiated more than a hundred years ago and evolved ...
Michaelis I - - 2013
Objective: In context of the study farmers using an automated activity monitoring (AAM) system called Heatime were surveyed on estrus detection practices. The aim of the study was to gain an overview of the usual estrus detection methods and especially to learn about the practical aspects of that system. Material ...
Lassey A T - - 2013
To report on the current career destination of the University of Ghana Medical School (UGMS) qualified doctors in the year groups, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005 and 2008. Interview of doctors from each year group currently working at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital corroborated by phone calls to the doctors. All Ghanaian ...
Lean Ian J - - 2013
The aims of this article are to briefly review some of the underlying physiology of changes that occur around calving, examine the potential to control the risk of disease in this period, increase milk production, and improve reproductive performance through better nutritional management. Practical guidelines for veterinarians and advisors are ...
Yan M-J - - 2013
Little consideration has been given to how farm management, specifically tactics used to implement the management strategy, may influence the carbon footprint (CF) and land use for milk produced on commercial farms. In this study, the CF and land use of milk production from 18 Irish commercial dairy farms were ...
Chidgey Kirsty L - - 2013
This research aimed to evaluate sow welfare and identify potential welfare compromise in specific group housing systems for sows in New Zealand. The relationship between overall welfare outcome on-farm and sow productivity was also investigated. Twenty commercial farms were chosen to represent the spectrum of layouts and management practices of ...
Aubry Eléonore - - 2013
Mammary inflammation in dairy cows is a widespread problem in dairy farming resulting in significant economic and welfare concerns. Dolisovet(®) (Belladonna 1dH, Calendula MT, Echinacea 1dH, Dulcamara 1cH) a homeopathic medicine, licensed in France and indicated for the restoration of mammary function in cows is presented as a 10 g tube ...
Stelwagen K - - 2013
Most dairy cows throughout the world are milked twice daily. In intensive dairying systems, however, it is not uncommon to increase milking frequency to between 3 and 6 times daily to increase milk production. Reducing milking frequency is much less common; however, once-daily milking of dairy cows, practiced either strategically ...
Eby Lillian T de Tormes - - 2013
In 2008, the state of New York required substance use disorder treatment organizations to be 100% tobacco-free. This longitudinal study examined clinicians' perceptions of the implementation extensiveness of the tobacco-free practices approximately 10-12 months (Time 1) and 20-24 months (Time 2) post regulation and investigated whether clinicians' commitment to change and use ...
Kubo Chiharu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: First Paragraph - article has no abstract. The Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Medicine was founded in 1959, and its first congress was held in 1960, with fewer than 100 members. The society has grown tremendously since then, both in terms of scope and size. In 2012, we had 3,600 ...
Hermes Robert - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The captive elephant population is not self-sustaining and with a limited number of breeding bulls, its genetic diversity is in decline. One way to overcome this is to import young and healthy animals from the wild. We introduce here a more sustainable alternative method - importation of semen from ...
Higgins Helen M - - 2013
In the face of a steady decline in dairy cow fertility over several decades, using hormones to assist reproduction has become common. In the European Union, hormones are prescription-only medicines, giving veterinary practitioners a central role in their deployment. This study explored the clinical and ethical beliefs of practitioners, and ...
Gosden Roger G - - 2013
Fertility preservation has been practiced for at least 50 years using semen banking, pelvic surgery, and radiation shields, but in the past 20 years it has emerged as a rapidly growing subspecialty of reproductive medicine. A dramatic rise in survivorship of young cancer patients and the widespread postponement of family ...
Mohd Nor N - - 2012
Farmers attempting to reduce first-calving age (FCA) need to understand which rearing management factors influence FCA and first-lactation milk production (FLP). Reduced FCA might be associated with lower FLP. This study describes the association between herd FCA, FLP, and several herd-level health and rearing management variables and describes the association ...
Nguyen T T H - - 2012
This study evaluated effects of farming practice scenarios aiming to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and subsequent alternative land use on environmental impacts of a beef cattle production system using the life cycle assessment approach. The baseline scenario includes a standard cow-calf herd with finishing heifers based on grazing, and ...
Angelin Bo - - 2012
This year marks not only 150 years since the launch of Journal of Internal Medicine (previously Acta Medica Scandinavica), but also 50 years since the discovery of lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], an enigmatic protein that has mystified medical scientists ever since. In this issue, we celebrate this event by publishing a ...
McMahon C - - 2012
A questionnaire to obtain information on nematode control practices and sheep management was sent to over 1000 farmers in Northern Ireland. Replies were received from 305 flock owners, and data from 252 of them were analysed. Farms were divided into lowland and upland areas. Sizes of pasture and stocking rates ...
Costa J H C - - 2012
A survey on dairy production in family dairy farms in the northwest of Santa Catarina, Brazil, was carried out to assess husbandry practices and elements of the living environment that may influence animal welfare and productivity. Three farm systems common in the region were compared: extensive, pasture-based, and semi-intensive. Data ...
de Jong E - - 2012
To achieve optimal reproductive performance in pig herds, sows need to become pregnant as soon as possible after weaning. The aim of this study was to investigate herd and management factors associated with reproductive performance of sows after weaning. A questionnaire pertaining to sow management at weaning and herd reproductive ...
Ellis Harold - - 2012
One hundred years ago, in October 1912, Alexis Carrel received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He was not yet 40 years old and was the youngest recipient at that time, as well as being only the third surgeon to receive this award. Indeed, to the present day only ...
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