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Ameri Ahmad A Department of Radiation Oncology, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran - - 2014
Abstract Context: Conventional therapies using mucilage plants greatly used by practitioners in Iran. The usage of mucilages is rooted in traditional knowledge with a history of more than 4000 years. Scientific assessment of these historical documents could be valuable for finding new potential usage in the current medicine. Objective: This ...
Clement Jason A JA Natural Products Discovery Institute Baruch S. Blumberg Institute 3805 Old Easton Rd Doylestown, PA 18960 - - 2014
The genus Aralia contains many plants used medicinally in Asia and the Americas. Although many members of this genus are used medicinally, the vast majority of this genus has not been explored chemically. The species of Aralia that have been explored chemically have yielded compounds of several classes, including triterpenoid ...
Sells Sallie M SM Formerly Sallie M. - - 2014
Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica Beav.), an aggressive, invasive weed, with a global distribution. In North America, it threatens the integrity of southeastern pine agroecosystems including longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.). While studies have examined the impacts of cogongrass and various vegetation management strategies on longleaf pine understory plant communities, little is ...
Nanjaraj Urs A N AN Department of Studies in Biochemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, Karnataka, India, 570 - - 2014
Viper bites cause high morbidity and mortality especially in tropical and subtropical regions, affecting a large number of the rural population in these areas. Even though anti-venoms are available, in most cases they fail to tackle viper venom-induced local manifestations that persist even after anti-venom administration. Several studies have been ...
Shikov Alexander N AN Saint-Petersburg Institute of Pharmacy, Leningrad Region, Vsevolozhsky District, 188663, Kuzmolovo P 245, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bergenia crassifolia (L.) Fritsch, a species in the Bergenia genus belongs to the family Saxifragaceae, is valuated for its medicinal application. The review focuses on the medicinal uses, phytochemistry, and the biological activities of B. crassifolia to explore its benefits and potential uses. In this review, we summarized data, published ...
Chander M Punnam MP Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), WHO Collaborating Centre for Diagnosis, Reference, research and training in leptospirosis, Port Blair -744101, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, - - 2014
This study is an attempt to document the use of medicinal plants by Nicobarese tribe from the Car Nicobar Island of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Inspite of the availability of modern healthcare facilities tribal people often take herbal medicines and Traditional Knowledge Practitioners (TKPs) serve as the local medical experts ...
Sarwat Maryam M Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Amity Institute of Pharmacy, Amity University , NOIDA, Uttar Pradesh , - - 2014
Abstract DNA barcoding, microarray technology and next generation sequencing have emerged as promising tools for the elucidation of plant genetic diversity and its conservation. They are proving to be immensely helpful in authenticating the useful medicinal plants for herbal drug preparations. These newer versions of molecular markers utilize short genetic ...
Zhang Claire Shuiqing CS Traditional & Complementary Medicine Research Program, Health Innovations Research Institute, School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora Campus, Vic., - - 2014
Clinically, oral Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is widely used in the treatment of psoriasis. This review evaluates the effects of oral CHM in combination with pharmacotherapy for psoriasis vulgaris. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, CNKI, and CQVIP were searched from their inceptions to November 2012. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Saki Kourosh K Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Anxiety and depression are highly comorbid psychiatric conditions that the prevalence will be increased to the second greatest risk of morbidity, causing a significant socioeconomic burden. Due to side effects and destructive effects of some chemical drugs, many patients prefer herbal medicines to treat diseases. Although there are key review ...
Delfan Bahram B Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, - - 2014
To identify medicinal plants witch are used for headaches and migraines treatment in Lorestan province of Iran. Traditional medical herbs information was acquired from indigenous people with the cooperation of health centers of Doroud, Borujerd, Khorramabad, Aleshtar Poldokhtar, Aligoodarz, Nourabad and Kouhdasht cities. The prepared questionnaires were given to trained ...
Kayani Sadaf S Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, - - 2014
Rich accessibility of medicinal plants in the study area provides low cost health care for respiratory disorders to local communities. This first report survey was commenced with an aim to document ethnic knowledge regarding the use of folk herbal medicine for respiratory diseases among the local communities of Gallies Abbottabad, ...
Prasad Divyashree D Department of Periodontics, MES Dental College and Hospital, Perintalmanna, Mallapuram, Kerala, - - 2014
A wide variety of plants possess enormous treasure of medicinal value. Majority of these medicinal plants have been used to treat various systemic conditions successfully. Over the recent years, use of these medicinal plants has resurfaced to treat oral conditions. Among the oral conditions, periodontal disease remains one of the ...
Collins Stephen R SR Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia. - - 2014
Visualization of the larynx by direct or indirect means is referred to as laryngoscopy and is the principal aim during airway management for passage of a tracheal tube. This paper presents a brief background regarding the development and practice of laryngoscopy and examines the equipment and techniques for both direct ...
Silva Weber Adorno WA Department of Dentistry, Universidade de Taubaté, Taubaté, SP, - - 2014
Oral exfoliative cytology (EC) is a rapid and practical complementary test that can be used in the diagnosis of various diseases. The objectives of this study were to assess dentists' knowledge of EC and to disseminate information on the technique. The study included 240 dentists from the city of Anápolis ...
Echchadi Mohamed El Mehdi ME 286, boulevard Smara, Casablanca, Morocco. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this article is to describe our therapeutic approach in the management of Class III malocclusions requiring repositioning of the anterior-inferior segment. This approach is based on the reasoned use of selective alveolar corticotomies in anchorage management. The patient was a 17-year-old young woman presenting severe antero-inferior crowding, ...
Aulakh Raman - - 2014
This article considers the importance of current orthodontic practice in retention and stability when considering anterior tooth alignment. With the exponential increase of general dentist-based orthodontic systems for anterior tooth alignment, with considerably shorter treatment times, practical recommendations along with a current literature review are required to improve success and ...
Shetty Nitin Bhaskar NB Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital , Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India - - 2014
Success in Maxillofacial Prosthetics depends on full cognizance of the principles that underlie facial harmony, anchorage and retention, weight bearing and leverage, durability, tissue compatibility and tolerance. The maxillofacial prosthodontist normally provides appliances to restore aesthetics and function to the patients who cannot be restored to normal appearances or functions ...
Gibes Joseph P JP The University of Chicago-NorthShore University - - 2014
One of the challenges of integrating the biopsychosocial model into medical teaching and practice is the effect of technique on medicine. Relying heavily on the thought of Jacques Ellul, this article defines technique as the systematic application of machine principles to all domains of life, and the evaluation and adjustment ...
Choudhry Namrta N Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, - - 2014
Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers, Menispermaceae, is a dioecious creeper, commonly known as "Giloe" or "Guduchi" with significant medicinal importance in the traditional systems of medicine. It is designated as Rasayana drug in Ayurveda and recommended for a number of diseases and also as adaptogen and immunomodulator. The safety and efficacy ...
Kandian S S Morriston Hospital, Swansea, - - 2014
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is most commonly used as an irrigating solution in endodontic practice. This paper describes an incident of sodium hypochlorite extrusion past the apex (SHEPA) of the UR3. Management of the condition resulted in hospitalisation of the patient, and intravenous antibiotic and steroid therapy. This case report details ...
Law Betty Yuen-Kwan BY State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, - - 2014
Chaihu, prepared from the dried roots of Bupleurum Chinense DC (also known as bei Chaihu in Chinese) or Bupleurum scorzoneraefolium WILD (also known as nan Chaihu in Chinese), is a herbal medicine for harmonizing and soothing gan (liver) qi stagnation. Substantial pharmacological studies have been conducted on Chaihu and its ...
Mosaddegh Mohammad Hossein MH Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Medicine Faculty, Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
The oldest method for the managing of the illness is the use of medicinal plants. The use of herbal products as the first choice in self-treatment of minor conditions continues to expand rapidly across Iran. This makes the safety of herbal products an important public health issue. Pesticides are used ...
Gohar Ahmed A AA Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, - - 2014
Aqueous (hydrophilic) and chloroform (Lipophilic) extracts of nine medicinal plants currently used in Egyptian traditional medicine to treat some gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders were tested for their gastro-protective effect against the incidence of peptic ulcer. Indomethacin-induced ulcer in a rat model was used for this testing. Mentha microphylla, Brassica oleracea ...
Shaheen Humaira H Department of Botany, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, - - 2014
This article reports the preliminary findings of an ethno-botanical survey that was carried out in the Thal Desert, Punjab, Pakistan during 2010 to 2013. The aim of this study was to document the traditional use of medicinal plants from the study area. The whole area was surveyed for inventorying medicinal ...
Afolayan Anthony J AJ Centre for Phytomedicine Research, Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South - - 2014
Herbal medicine is a popular means of medical management in some parts of the world especially in Africa. Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch.C.A.Mey. & Avé-Lall, also known as African potato of the Hypoxidaecae family, is one of the medicinal plants that have enjoyed long usage as an herbal medicine in South Africa. ...
Chandran Sujievvan S Department of Gastroenterology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2013
Despite having one of the highest rates per capita for colonoscopy worldwide, colorectal cancer remains the second most commonly diagnosed malignancy in Australia. Our aim was to document colonoscopy/polypectomy practice nationwide and assess whether significant differences exist. Observational study. Online survey conducted nationally in 2012. Medical practitioners registered with the Gastroenterological ...
Fox Kathryn J - - 2013
New Zealand is well known for its restorative justice conferences in the youth justice system. However, restorative justice has yet to overwhelm the adult criminal justice system. Based on interviews in New Zealand with correctional staff, restorative justice providers, and others, this article explores the reason for the modest inroads ...
Hajj-Chahine Jamil - - 2013
Management of late sternal dehiscence is challenging and time consuming. Although numerous techniques exist including rewiring and titanium plates screwing to stabilize the sternum, we describe an alternative technique by using four titanium clips and one connecting bar.
Hudson A P G - - 2013
Leeway space preservation in the mixed dentition is a well-documented method of space management. In the mandibular arch it may be saved for utilisation in the correction of minor anterior crowding by the placement of a passive lower lingual arch (LLA) during the transition from the mixed dentition to the ...
Eliyas S - - 2013
Localised anterior tooth wear can be managed using minimally invasive techniques with conservation of tooth structure and preservation of pulp vitality. This article describes and illustrates with two clinical cases, the management of localised tooth wear, with the restoration of canine guidance by a combination of gold palatal veneers and ...
Gleberzon Brian - - 2013
Students learn a plethora of physical examination and manual therapy procedures over the course of their chiropractic education. However, it is uncertain to what extent they continue to use these procedures in practice after graduation. The purpose of this study was to determine which diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of the ...
Capodanno Davide - - 2013
Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics 2012 Miami, FL, USA, 22-26 October 2012 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) is the largest meeting in the USA in the field of interventional and vascular medicine. Every year, the symposium showcases numerous sessions dedicated to late-breaking clinical trials, a unique educational window for evidence-based medicine to guide ...
Felix David H - - 2013
Oral malodour can have a range of causes, though most cases of true malodour have an oral cause, and many others are imagined.
Sykes Oliver - - 2013
Divers are taught some basic physiology during their training. There is therefore some underlying knowledge and understandable concern in the diving community about the presence of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) as a cause of decompression illness (DCI). There is an agreement that PFO screening should not be done routinely ...
Varol A - - 2012
We describe an effective technique for anchorage of transnasal traction in the management of maxillary rotation during external distraction.
Patil Pravinkumar Gajanan - - 2012
Maxillary obturator prosthesis is the most frequent treatment option for management of partial or total maxillectomy. Heavy weight of the obturators is often a dislocating factor. Hollowing the prosthesis to reduce its weight is the well established fact. The alternate technique to hollow-out the prosthesis has been described in this ...
Liebscher Lawrence - - 2012
An ACR task force investigated the changing roles of general and subspecialized radiologists in current academic and private practice settings. The task force considered historical factors that influenced the evolution of current practice models and evaluated recent socioeconomic trends that will influence the future of radiology practices. The task force ...
Allen Shotwell R - - 2012
In this article I examine the origins and progression of the practice of vivisection in roughly the first half of the sixteenth century, paying particular attention to the types of vivisection procedures performed, the classical sources for those procedures and the changing nature of the concerns motivating the anatomists who ...
Green R J RJ Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Pretoria, South Africa. - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an important disease in South Africa. The South African Allergic Rhinitis Working Group (SAARWG) has published previous guidelines for AR diagnosis and management. Areas of concern have arisen that require additional information, including the management of AR in infancy, appropriate and inappropriate allergy testing, cost of ...
Rodway George W - - 2012
The surgeons of the navies of the early days of western civilization - Greece, Rome, and the Italian city-states - were most likely the first practitioners of recognizable wilderness medicine. The teachings of Hippocrates and Galen ruled over the practice of medicine in Europe for centuries, but the steady evolution ...
Carroll Cynthia - - 2012
When Carroll became the EO of Anglo American, in 2007, the company had suffered 200 worker fatalities over the previous five years. Some company veterans insisted that deaths were inevitable at such a large mining company, given the dangerous nature of the business. Carroll fundamentally rejected that assumption. She undertook ...
Artenstein Andrew W - - 2012
The discovery of viruses in the final years of the nineteenth century represented the culmination of two decades of work on tobacco mosaic disease by three botanical scientists. Eventually their discovery led to a paradigm shift in scientific thought, but it took more than 20 years to appreciate its implications ...
van Wilgen Brian W - - 2012
Alien conifers, mainly pines, have been planted in South Africa for a range of purposes for over 300 years. Formal plantations cover 660 000 ha of the country, and invasive stands of varying density occur on a further 2.9 million ha. These trees have brought many benefits but have also caused unintended problems. ...
Meyers Ian - - 2012
The management of patients with extensively worn and badly broken down dentitions presents a difficult challenge in dental practice and restorative treatments are often complex, time consuming and costly to implement, so careful case selection and treatment planning is essential. Ultimately the success of any restorative intervention is very dependent ...
Hao Jason Jishun JJ The following is an excerpt from Chinese Scalp Acupuncture, by Jason Jishun Hao, DOM, MTCM, MBA, and Linda Lingzhi Hao, CA, PhD. It is reprinted here with permission from Blue Poppy Press, Boulder, - - 2012
Chinese scalp acupuncture is a contemporary acupuncture technique integrating traditional Chinese needling methods with Western medical knowledge of representative areas of the cerebral cortex. It has been proven to be a most effective technique for treating acute and chronic central nervous system disorders. Scalp acupuncture often produces remarkable results with ...
Watson Verity - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the willingness to pay (WTP) of senior managers in the UK National Health Service (NHS) for services to help manage performance concerns with doctors, dentists and pharmacists. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment (DCE) was used to elicit senior managers' preferences for a support service to help manage ...
Pilny Anthony A - - 2012
The nasolacrimal system of rabbits consists of a single punctum located in the ventral eyelid near the medial canthus. The lacrimal sac is rostral to the punctum and caudal to the nasolacrimal duct aperture. The duct extends from the orbit to the nasal fossa, exiting on the ventromedial aspect of ...
Carter Simon - - 2012
This paper traces the emergence of the therapeutic use of sunlight in medicine during the first half of the twentieth century. This was a period of considerable flux in medicine with various strands of practice and theory competing. Drawing on two case studies of sunlight therapy, both artificial (actinotherapy) and ...
Fisher Peter - - 2012
Homeopathy is based on the idea of 'let like be cured by like'. It was founded by Samuel Hahnemann in the late 18th century, although similar concepts existed earlier. Homeopathy became popular in the 19th century in part because of its success in epidemics but declined during most of the ...
Joolay Yaseen - - 2012
Abstract Background: Recent newborn resuscitation guidelines recommend therapeutic hypothermia (TH) as a treatment to reduce long-term neurological deficit in hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) survivors. In South Africa, varied resource constraints may present difficulties in the implementation of TH. Objective: To determine the opinions and practice of South African pediatricians, regarding ...
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