Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 233
1 2 3 4 5 >
Lossignol Dominique D Institut Jules Bordet, Brussels, - - 2014
To evaluate the application of narrative within medical practice. Illness like cancer constitutes a biographical disruption that occurs several times during the disease, from diagnosis to complications and treatments. This review analyzes the interest of narrative ethics in medicine with a focus on cancer. The field of narrative ethics in ...
Zhu Yong Y Department of Epidemiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
Complementary and alternative medicine is frequently used in the management of chronic pediatric diseases, but little is known about its use by those with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. Complementary and alternative medicine use by male patients with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy and associations with characteristics of male patients ...
Arzimanoglou Alexis A Epilepsy, Sleep and Paediatric Neurophysiology Department, University Hospitals of Lyon (HCL-HFME) and Lyon Neurosciences Research Center (CRNL), 59 Bld. Pinel, 60700, Lyon, France, - - 2014
Timely administration of rescue medication for prolonged convulsive seizures lasting more than 5 min is necessary to prevent progression to status epilepticus in children. The Practices in Emergency and Rescue Medication for Epilepsy Managed with Community Administered Therapy (PERFECT™) initiative was set up to gain a better understanding of how prolonged ...
Munce Sarah Ep SE Institute of Health, Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. - - 2014
Current evidence has suggested the need for increased self-management support efforts in spinal cord injury (SCI) to reduce secondary complications. However, current self-management programs may not be suitable for the unique needs of individuals with SCI, including reduced mobility and the importance of attendant care. There is a need for ...
Schoenewald Sandy - - 2013
Context. Changes to regulations, packaging, and labeling and ongoing educational efforts are intended to support appropriate use of medicines. Yet annually poison centers receive > 500 000 reports of accidental or unsupervised exposure to medicines for children under 6 years of age. Objective. To identify root (i.e., fundamental and preventable) ...
Hietbrink Elsa - - 2013
To profile medication dosing behaviour of caregivers of children aged 5 years and under in fever and cough/cold management. Caregivers (n = 97), recruited from childcare centres in Sydney, Australia, were presented two scenarios in a face to face consultation with the researcher, requiring them to make decisions about the management of ...
Díez-Manglano Jesús - - 2013
To determine whether there are any differences between polypathological patients attended in Internal Medicine departments and acute Geriatric units. A cross-sectional multicenter study was performed. Polypathological patients admitted to an internal medicine or geriatrics department and attended by investigators consecutively between March 1 and June 30, 2011 were included. Data ...
Rowe Jeannine M - - 2013
Practice skills are believed to improve practice, yet, little is known about the extent to which skills affect outcomes. This exploratory study examined the extent to which 3 practice skills specific to a care management context for family caregivers, including communication skills, supportive skills, and linking skills, were associated with ...
Friend-du Preez Natalie - - 2013
A mixed method approach was used to investigate the treatment of childhood illnesses in Johannesburg and Soweto. In 2004, in-depth interviews were held with caregivers (n = 5), providers of traditional (n = 6) and Western (n = 6) health care, as well as 5 focus groups with black caregivers of children under 6 years. An ...
Lane Heather Patricia - - 2013
Recently, the use of military metaphors when discussing dementia and in particular Alzheimer's disease has increased, both in medical literature and mainstream media. While military metaphors are a recent adoption when used to describe dementia, in oncology there has been longstanding debate about the usefulness of such metaphors. This article ...
Wilcock Jane J Research Department of Primary Care & Population Health, University College London, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK. - - 2013
Early diagnosis of dementia is important because this allows those with dementia and their families to engage support and plan ahead. However, dementia remains underdetected and suboptimally managed in general practice. Our objective was to test the effect of a workplace-based tailored educational intervention developed for general practice on the ...
Zou Haiou - - 2013
This study explores the practice of self-management in Chinese people with schizophrenia and their caregivers. Twenty-one patients and 14 caregivers were interviewed. Four themes were identified, reflecting the practice of self-management from both the patients' and caregivers' perspective: managing medication, monitoring and dealing with symptoms, maintaining social relations, and seeking ...
Schmidt Andrew H - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The practice of orthopaedic trauma has been considered "a young person's game", but there are many before you who have maintained a fulfilling, successful, and long-lasting career in orthopaedic trauma. The keys to longevity are avoiding burnout and developing a supportive team of practice partners, mentors, and other colleagues. ...
Chadaga Smitha R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Admitted patients boarding in the emergency department (ED) leads to hospital diversion. Active bed management and care for boarded patients can improve throughput. We developed a hospital medicine ED (HMED) team to participate in active bed management, and to care for boarded patients, to decrease diversion and improve throughput. ...
Haiech Jacques - - 2012
Although personalized medicine appears to be a truism, medical doctors are still generally trained in an old-fashioned manner with a focus on reactive treatment. The aim of this paper is to emphasize the evolution of life sciences into a more predictive science, where the development of quantitative models is starting ...
McCurdie I - - 2012
Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) is an exciting new medical specialty that thrives on interdisciplinary practice. The SEM physician will usually be found managing a wider, multidisciplinary team of specialists, orchestrating their various inputs to ensure that the most effective management plan is delivered to the patient. One key member ...
Snyder Susan R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This article is a systematic review of the effectiveness of three practices for reducing blood culture contamination rates: venipuncture, phlebotomy teams, and prepackaged preparation/collection (prep) kits. DESIGN AND METHODS: The CDC-funded Laboratory Medicine Best Practices Initiative systematic review methods for quality improvement practices were used. RESULTS: Studies included as ...
Reichardt Peter - - 2012
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of the GI tract arising from mesenchymal cells. Treatment options include surgical resection and medical therapy with imatinib. A summary of National Comprehensive Cancer Network and European Society of Medical Oncology clinical practice guidelines relating to GIST management are presented here. A multidisciplinary ...
While Christine C Alzheimer's Australia Victoria, - - 2013
The safe self management of medicines will be affected by the presence of dementia. A qualitative study using grounded theory was undertaken by a community nursing organisation in Melbourne, Australia, in order to develop a strength-based and person-centred approach to the assessment of medication ability. The perspectives of the person ...
Lowe G - - 2012
This paper gives a brief account of how doctors who were either native to or actively working in Tayside helped to shape the early development of cardiology. It exemplifies how important contributions to the understanding and practice of medicine can be made by an exceptional individual or an inspired team, ...
Beach Trent A - - 2012
As hospital nuclear medicine departments were established in the 1960s and 1970s, each department developed detailed policies and procedures to meet the specialized and specific handling requirements of radiopharmaceuticals. In many health systems, radiopharmaceuticals are still unique as the only drugs not under the control of the health system pharmacy; ...
Wall David - - 2012
Background: Team assessment of behaviour (TAB) is the MSF assessment tool for doctors in training in the UK Foundation Curriculum. To encourage self-assessment by Foundation doctors of their own performance, they were asked to complete a Self-TAB. Aim: To compare doctors' self-scores with raters' scores on TAB. Methods: Self-TAB scores ...
Materi Wayne - - 2012
The International Genetically Engineered Machines (iGEM) competition allows undergraduate teams to develop projects in synthetic biology within the context of a large, international Jamboree. Organizing and managing a successful iGEM team is an exercise in advanced agile project development. While many of the principles applicable to such teams are derived ...
Kokkinen Lauri - - 2011
Service production structures of public health care, once established, have proved extremely difficult to change. For this study, we reviewed discussions that took place in management teams at a Finnish central hospital over a period of nine months. The aim of the research was to analyze whether the management team ...
Sivathasan Niroshan - - 2010
Chlorobenzalmalononitrile or 2-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS) is a commonly used riot control agent. Although generally deemed to be safe for this application, it is known that CS can cause a number of adverse effects in those exposed to it. Understanding its properties and its side effects is important in ensuring optimal ...
Ahn Joseph J Dr. Ahn serves as Assistant Professor of Medicine and Medical Director of Liver Transplantation at Loyola University Medical Center in Maywood, - - 2010
Optimal management of hepatitis B (HBV) during pregnancy is unclear. Safety and efficacy data of antiviral therapy are limited. We assessed the practice patterns of hepatologists, gastroenterologists, and other physicians for evaluating and managing pregnant patients with HBV as well as the variation of these practice patterns by primary specialty ...
Koike Soichi - - 2010
To investigate trends of specialty distribution and physicians' career paths in Japan, and to discuss potential policy implications. Distribution of main area of practice, relation between board-certified specialists and reported main area of practice, and migration of main area of practice by career stage were analyzed in data from the ...
Djurkovic Svetolik - - 2010
Mortality in severe sepsis and septic shock (SS/SS) remains high. Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines were published in 2004 with the goal of improving outcomes in SS/SS. We tested the hypothesis that adherence to SSC guidelines and management of patients with SS/SS were influenced by physician specialty. A survey was ...
Jeffe Donna B - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe trends in specialty choice and to identify predictors of primary care specialty choices among graduates of U.S. MD-granting medical schools. METHOD: A longitudinal study evaluated 1997-2006 medical school graduates who completed the Association of American Medical Colleges' Matriculating Student Questionnaire and Graduation Questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression identified ...
McCarthy Paul J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: External ventricular drains (EVD) are used as a method of diverting cerebral spinal fluid out of the cranium. After placement of these drains, it has been customary to initiate antibiotics to prevent drain-related infections. Prophylactic regimes include peri-operative and prolonged administration of antibiotics. Little evidence exists to support either ...
Alfirevic Ana - - 2010
The clinical application of pharmacogenetics has been well accepted by some medical specialties, but not all. The aim of this review is to discuss the current use of pharmacogenetics in reproductive and perinatal medicine and to highlight areas where pharmacogenetics may be able to help in the future to predict ...
Thys Daniel M - - 2009
Cardiac anesthesiology has evolved spectacularly over the past 30 yr, changing from a practice focused on the anesthetic management of patients with cardiovascular diseases to a practice of cardiovascular medicine that contributes to the medical and surgical management of cardiovascular patients. The second Weyman lecture reviews this history, the critical ...
Barac Bosko - - 2009
The author presents the history of management of cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) in Croatia since the beginning of medical health service in the country in the 19th and its evolution to the end of the 20th century. The foundation of the Zagreb School of Medicine in 1917 had paramount importance for ...
Buckley John D - - 2009
RATIONALE: Numerous accrediting organizations are calling for competency-based medical education that would help define specific specialties and serve as a foundation for ongoing assessment throughout a practitioner's career. Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care Medicine are two distinct subspecialties, yet many individual physicians have expertise in both because of overlapping content. ...
Hobday Gabrielle S - - 2009
Psychotherapy has traditionally been regarded as the purview of psychiatry rather than neurology. Yet, the doctor-patient relationship is fundamental to both specialties, and the principles that derive from psychotherapy theory and practice apply to that relationship regardless of the specialty. It is common knowledge that a large proportion of patients ...
Bailey H R - - 2009
Non-consultant career grade doctors in genitourinary (GU) medicine have been called 'a reliable silent backbone of the specialty' and 'a spare pair of hands' [Hiscock E. Non-consultant career grade staff in GU medicine; a reliable backbone or, a spare pair of hands? Int J STD AIDS 1996;7:375-7]. But are they ...
Billington Emma O - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Current evidence regarding whether the staffing of intensive care units (ICUs) with a trained Intensivist benefits patient outcomes is discordant. We sought to determine whether, among certified Intensivists, base specialty of training could contribute to variation in practice patterns and patient outcomes in ICUs. METHODS: The records of all ...
Villanueva Tiago - - 2009
General Practice/Family Medicine is a specialty focused on the provision of comprehensive, continuing, and community oriented, person-centred care. The lack of prestige and the difficulty in attracting trainees to the specialty have been longstanding problems in most countries around the world. In Europe, General Practice/Family Medicine is also hampered for ...
Leigh J Paul - - 2009
Specialty-specific data on career satisfaction may be useful for understanding physician workforce trends and for counseling medical students about career options. We analyzed cross-sectional data from 6,590 physicians (response rate, 53%) in Round 4 (2004-2005) of the Community Tracking Study Physician Survey. The dependent variable ranged from +1 to -1 ...
Quan Stuart F - - 2008
In November 2007, the first Certification Examination in Sleep Medicine was administered to 1,882 candidates under the cosponsorship of five member boards of the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS)--the American Board of Internal Medicine, the American Board of Family Medicine, the American Board of Otolaryngology, the American Board of ...
Takahashi Fumi - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between medicine and stimulated saliva and oral moisture. METHODS: Fourteen patients with subjective oral dryness and 13 healthy adults were enrolled in this study. Disease, medicine, and medicines that had a side effect of oral dryness were investigated. The ...
Duffy F Daniel - - 2008
The author describes the evolution of practice within the broad specialty of internal medicine. This evolution is driven by scientific discovery, emergent patient needs, and market forces. Four ages describe the evolution: the age of the Oslerian diagnostic consultant, the age of the subspecialist, the age of the primary care ...
Preston William G - - 2008
Neuroimaging is an integral and indispensable part of every neurologist's practice. As neuroimaging now becomes a formal neurological subspecialty, through the United Council of Neurologic Subspecialties, the entire concept of "neurologist as neuroimager" is undergoing a detailed examination and emphasis at all levels of neurological training and endeavor. This article ...
Joshi Rajiv - - 2008
Dr. U. B. Narayan Rao L.C.P.S (Bom) (born 23 rd November 1895, died 14 th June 1960) had a busy general practice in Bombay. He adopted dermatology and venereology as his specialty in the 1930's and started the Indian Journal of Venereal Diseases in 1935, the first of its kind ...
Kenny Katherine J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of the development and implementation of a peer review process for advanced practice nurses (APNs) based on critical incidents that provide meaningful evaluation of practice and meets the needs of APNs across multiple care specialties and practice situations. DATA SOURCES: A review of the literature ...
Perry Susan B - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes a recent practice analysis of neurologic physical therapy. The purpose of the analysis was to describe the knowledge, skills, and abilities of a neurologic physical therapist and to distinguish elements that the neurologic specialist may perform differently from a nonspecialist. The analysis was done to revalidate ...
Toledo-Pereyra Luis H - - 2008
Harvey Cushing (1869-1939) is considered one of the great surgical innovators of his generation. His strong determination, self-driven attitude, intense desire to succeed, and clear intellect aided him in his ascent to the top of a new field of medicine, neurosurgery. His innovative force is characterized within the context of ...
Krämer I - - 2008
Biosimilar medicines are biological medicinal products that can obtain a marketing authorization in the EU after the original product (biological reference medicine) has run out of patent. As a prerequisite, studies including clinical trials are to be conducted to compare the quality, safety, and efficacy of the biosimilar and reference ...
Tegenu Mesfin M AmeriHealth Mercy/PerformRx, 200 Stevens Drive, 4th Floor, Pharmacy Services, Philadelphia, PA 19113, USA. - - 2008
Expenditures related to specialty drugs consume a significant percentage of available health care resources. Explain the process of transitioning the management of specialty drugs from medical services to pharmacy services in 2 managed care plans and provide insight into the issues encountered and solutions implemented based on 6 years of ...
Elmaci Ilhan - - 2008
Hami Dilek trained in neurosurgery under Clovis Vincent and Thierry de Martel, pioneers of French neurosurgery who ranked among Harvey Cushing's most loyal admirers. Taking cues from Cushing and the giants of French neurosurgery, Dilek became the first surgeon to practice neurosurgery regularly in Turkey during the 1930s. In 1949, ...
1 2 3 4 5 >