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de la Torre-Castro Maricela M Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology and Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Small-scale fisheries (SSF) in tropical seascapes (mosaics of interconnected mangroves, seagrasses and corals) are crucial for food and income. However, management is directed mostly to corals and mangroves. This research analyzes the importance of seagrasses compared to adjacent ecosystems in Chwaka Bay, Zanzibar, Tanzania. Using fish landings; the study investigated: ...
Roy Somnath S Department of Entomology, Tea Research Association, Tocklai Tea Research Institute, Jorhat, 785008, Assam, India, - - 2014
Oligonychus coffeae Nietner (Acari: Tetranychidae), the red spider mite (RSM), is a major pest of tea (Camellia sinensis) in most tea-producing countries. Nymphs and adults of RSM lacerate cells, producing minute characteristic reddish brown marks on the upper surface of mature leaves, which turn red in severe cases of infestation, ...
Stannard Hayley J HJ Native and Pest Animal Unit, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW, - - 2014
The kultarr (Antechinomys laniger) is a small marsupial that inhabits arid and semi-arid areas of central Australia. The kultarr is the only species within its genus and is morphologically unique from other dasyurids. Like many Australian marsupials, the kultarr has undergone significant population declines and although it is listed as ...
Yigezu Yared - - 2014
Traditional medicines have been used for nearly 90% of livestock populations in Ethiopia where complimentary remedies are required to the modern health care system. All plants with pharmacological activity complimentarily prescribed as best choice against livestock diseases. A community based cross - sectional survey was conducted to investigate ethno-veterinary knowledge ...
Ari Süleyman - - 2014
Tar is one example of a plant product used in folk medicine and it is obtained from Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe, which is very common in the West Anatolian Region. Old trees that are good for kindling and have thick trucks are preferred to obtain tar. Tar ...
Schmidt Jason M JM Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, S-225 Agricultural Science Center North, Lexington, KY, 40546, - - 2014
A broad range of environmental conditions likely regulate predator-prey population dynamics and impact the structure of these communities. Central to understanding the interplay between predator and prey populations and their importance is characterizing the corresponding trophic interactions. Here we use a well-documented molecular approach to examine the structure of the ...
Drobnik Jacek J Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, ul. Ostrogórska 30, PL-41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The paper presents information about the earliest botanical work from Poland, Warsavia physice illustrata… which takes bryophytes into account. It was elaborated by a German physician Christian Heinrich Erndtel and issued in 1730 in Dresden. That time understanding of bryophytes was imprecise and in many cases they were confused with ...
Albertin Warren W Univ. de Bordeaux, ISVV, EA 4577, Unité de recherche Œnologie, 33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France; Bordeaux Sciences Agro, 33175 Gradignan, - - 2014
Yeast species of Hanseniaspora and Candida genus are predominant during the early stages of winemaking, while species of Metschnikowia, Pichia, Zygoascus, Issatchenkia, Torulaspora and other genera are present at lower population levels. The impact of common oenological practices on yeast dynamics during the prefermentative stage and the early stage of ...
Heller Nicole E NE Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, 27708-0328, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Conservation goals at the start of the 21st century reflect a combination of contrasting ideas. Ideal nature is something that is historically intact but also futuristically flexible. Ideal nature is independent from humans, but also, because of the pervasiveness of human impacts, only able to reach expression through human management. ...
Wang Xiaohong - - 2014
The family Ericaceae is comprised of about 70 genera of which about 20 are found throughout China. Of these Ledum, Rhododendron, Enkianthus, Pieris, Craibiodendron, Gaultheria, Vaccinium, and Leucothoe are regarded as poisonous. Many species of these poisonous genera are used as Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of, for example, ...
Armijos Chabaco - - 2014
During the colonial period, the indigenous saraguros maintained their traditions, knowledge, and practices to restore and preserve the health of their members. Unfortunately, many of their practices and medicinal resources have not been documented. In this study, we sought to document the traditional healers' (yachakkuna saraguros) knowledge about medicinal and ...
Fürst M A MA 1] Royal Holloway University of London, School of Biological Sciences, Bourne Building, Egham TW20 0EX, UK [2] IST Austria (Institute of Science and Technology Austria), 3400 Klosterneuburg, - - 2014
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) pose a risk to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, by affecting managed livestock and wildlife that provide valuable resources and ecosystem services, such as the pollination of crops. Honeybees (Apis mellifera), the prevailing managed insect crop pollinator, suffer from a range of emerging and exotic ...
Sharkey Leslie C LC Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St Paul, - - 2014
This is the second in a two-part review of diagnostic cytopathology in veterinary medicine. As in human medicine, cytopathology is a minimally invasive, rapid, and cost-effective diagnostic modality with broad utilization. In this second part, the diagnostic applications of cytology in respiratory, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, endocrine, ocular, and central nervous system ...
Amoo Stephen O SO Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South - - 2014
Aloe species (family: Xanthorrhoeaceae) are widely used in ethnomedicine for treating various ailments. Approximately 125 Aloe taxa are documented as indigenous to South Africa. This review was aimed at critically evaluating the available data on the ethnomedicinal uses, pharmacological activities, safety and conservation status of the documented South African Aloe ...
Khyade Mahendra S MS Post Graduate Department of Botany, S. N. Arts, D. J. Malpani Commerce and B.N. Sarda Science College, Sangamner -422 605 (MS), India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. and Alstonia macrophylla Wall. ex G. Don are two vital medicinal plant species (family: Apocynaceae). In India, the therapeutic use of A. scholaris has been described in both codified and non-codified drug systems for the treatment of malaria, jaundice, gastrointestinal troubles, cancer and in many ...
Mönkkönen Mikko M Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Production of marketed commodities and protection of biodiversity in natural systems often conflict and thus the continuously expanding human needs for more goods and benefits from global ecosystems urgently calls for strategies to resolve this conflict. In this paper, we addressed what is the potential of a forest landscape to ...
Kojima Tatsuo T Department of Integrated Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo , 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902, - - 2014
We report a practical synthetic protocol and mechanistic details for the selective alternate derivatization of the hexaphenylbenzene (HPB) framework through a thermodynamically controlled halogen dance. The stability of the alternately trilithiated species of HPB is interpreted by the through-space interaction at the ipso-carbons of the phenyl groups of the HPB ...
Alonso-Castro Angel Josabad AJ Departamento de Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana unidad Xochimilco Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mexico has great biodiversity of fauna. The use of fauna with medicinal properties is a common practice since pre-Hispanic times. In the last decade, there has been an interest in ethnozoological studies in Mexico. Therefore, more studies are needed in order to gather information regarding the use of fauna with ...
Xiang Li L Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, - - 2014
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is a highly valuable and popular medicinal fungus used as a tonic and roborant for thousands of years in traditional asian medicine. However, unsustainable harvesting practices have endangered this species and very little is known about its developmental programming, its biochemistry and genetics. To begin to address this, ...
Jin Gui-Lin GL Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350108, Fujian, People's Republic of - - 2014
In the genus Gelsemium, Gelsemium elegans (Gardn. & Champ.) Benth. has been recognized as a toxic plant that is widely distributed in Southeast Asia and has been used as traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of rheumatoid pain, neuropathic pain, spasticity, skin ulcers and cancers for many years. Gelsemium sempervirens ...
de Carvalho Roberta Monique - - 2014
The Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, located in Atlantic Rainforest in Southern of Paraiba state, have stories that are interwoven throughout time. The practice of meliponicultura has been carried out for generations in these social groups and provides an elaborate ecological knowledge based on native stingless bees, the melliferous ...
Yang Lixin - - 2014
Homegardens are ecologically and culturally important systems for cultivating medicinal plants for wellbeing by healers and farmers in Naxi communities of the Sino Himalayan region. The cultivation of medicinal plants in Naxi communities and associated the ethnomedical knowledge base for maintaining and utilizing these resources is at risk with expanded ...
Sievers Michael M a Sustainable Aquaculture Laboratory - Temperate and Tropical (SALTT), Department of Zoology , University of Melbourne , Melbourne , - - 2014
Fouling organisms in bivalve aquaculture cause significant economic losses for the industry. Managing biofouling is typically reactive, and involves time- and labour-intensive removal techniques. Mussel spat settlement and biofouling were documented over 20 months at three mussel farms within Port Phillip Bay (PPB), Australia to determine if knowledge of settlement patterns ...
Cunha Haydée A HA Laboratório de Biodiversidade Molecular, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ; Laboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos e Bioindicadores, Faculdade de Oceanografia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Franciscanas are the most endangered dolphins in the Southwestern Atlantic. Due to their coastal and estuarine habits, franciscanas suffer from extensive fisheries bycatch, as well as from habitat loss and degradation. Four Franciscana Management Areas (FMA), proposed based on biology, demography, morphology and genetic data, were incorporated into management planning ...
Alguacil Maria Del Mar Mdel M CSIC-Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura, Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia, - - 2014
Due to the important role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in ecosystem functioning, determination of the effect of management practices on the AMF diversity in agricultural soils is essential for the sustainability of these agro-ecosystems. The objective of this study was to compare the AMF diversity in Prunus persica roots ...
Bousquet Nicolas N Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse, UMR 5219 CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, - - 2014
The northern Gulf of St. Lawrence (NGSL) stock of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), historically the second largest cod population in the Western Atlantic, has known a severe collapse during the early 1990 s and is currently considered as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. ...
Wei Xiaohua X Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, - - 2014
Subtropical planted forests are rapidly expanding. They are traditionally managed for intensive, short-term goals that often lead to long-term yield decline and reduced carbon sequestration capacity. Here we show how it is possible to increase and sustain carbon stored in subtropical forest plantations if management is switched towards more sustainable ...
Sarin Bharti B Department of Botany, Gargi College, University of Delhi, Siri Fort Road, New Delhi 110049, - - 2014
The genus Phyllanthus consists of more than 1000 species, of which many are used as traditional medicines. The plant extracts have been used since ancient times, for treating hypertension, diabetes, hepatic, urinary, and sexual disorders, and other common ailments. Modern day scientific investigations have now confirmed pharmacognostic properties of Phyllanthus ...
Menendez-Baceta Gorka G Departamento de Biología (Botánica), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, C/Darwin 2. Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, - - 2013
Many ethnobotanical studies show that people in industrial countries still rely on their traditional knowledge of medicinal plants for self-treatment, although the trend might not be as common as some decades ago. Given the social and public health implications of ethnopharmacological practices, this survey aims at recording and analyzing the ...
McArthur M J MJ M2 VetSpeak Consulting, New Berlin, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Contemporary management of nematode parasitism in cattle relies heavily on a single class of drugs, the macrocyclic lactones (MLs). The potency and convenience of the MLs, along with the low cost of generic formulations, have largely supplanted the need for critical thinking about parasite control, and rote treatment has become ...
Fielding Debbie D The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, AB15 8QH, UK, - - 2013
A number of scavenger species have suffered population declines across Europe. In attempts to reverse their decline, some land and wildlife managers have adopted the practice of leaving or placing out carcasses of wild or domestic herbivores to provide a source of carrion. However, this can be a controversial practice, ...
Travis Joseph J Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL - - 2013
Overfishing and environmental change have triggered many severe and unexpected consequences. As existing communities have collapsed, new ones have become established, fundamentally transforming ecosystems to those that are often less productive for fisheries, more prone to cycles of booms and busts, and thus less manageable. We contend that the failure ...
Pimm Stuart L SL Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Most of the world's remaining habitats are split into small fragments that lose species quickly. Knowledge of this fact can guide practical actions to prevent extinctions.
Gregory Robin - - 2013
The management of endangered species under climate change is a challenging and often controversial task that incorporates input from a variety of different environmental, economic, social, and political interests. Yet many listing and recovery decisions for endangered species unfold on an ad hoc basis without reference to decision-aiding approaches that ...
Assefa Engdawork - - 2013
Long-term human impacts are considered to be the prime cause of unsustainable forest exploitation in Ethiopia. Yet there exist well-established systems and a wealth of local experience in maintaining and managing forests. This study explores the trends and driving forces of deforestation plus traditional practices regarding sustainable forest use and ...
Lavergne R A - - 2013
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the most frequent skin diseases occurring after travelling in endemic areas. Optimal management requires identification of the species of Leishmania involved. In this study we aimed to evaluate the use of molecular diagnosis in routine, in comparison with direct examination and culture. Thirty positive diagnoses ...
Bright Ryan M - - 2013
Empirical models alongside remotely sensed and station measured meteorological observations are employed to investigate both the local and global direct climate change impacts of alternative forest management strategies within a boreal ecosystem of eastern Norway. Stand-level analysis is firstly executed to attribute differences in daily, seasonal, and annual mean surface ...
Szabó Arpád - - 2013
We examined the faunal composition and abundance of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in apple orchards under different pest management systems in Hungary. A total of 30 apple orchards were surveyed, including abandoned and organic orchards and orchards where integrated pest management (IPM) or broad spectrum insecticides (conventional pest management) were ...
Ncube Bhekumthetho - - 2013
Hypoxis species (Hypoxidaceae) are popular medicinal plants used in the African traditional medicine to treat numerous ailments and are reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. The paper reviewed and evaluated the traditional uses, pharmacological, phytochemistry and toxicity aspects of the genus Hypoxis. Potential medicinal prospects and possible ...
Aldana Marcela - - 2013
The rapid increase in body size and abundance of most species inside Management and Exploitations Areas for Benthic Resources (MEABRs) has led to the proposal of these areas as a good complement for achieving the conservation objectives of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). However, when evaluating MEABRs and MPAs as conservation ...
Hudiburg Tara M - - 2013
Climate mitigation activities in forests need to be quantified in terms of the long-term effects on forest carbon stocks, accumulation, and emissions. The impacts of future environmental change and bioenergy harvests on regional forest carbon storage have not been quantified. We conducted a comprehensive modeling study and life-cycle assessment of ...
Herms Daniel A - - 2013
Since its accidental introduction from Asia, the emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), has killed millions of ash trees in North America. As it continues to spread, it could functionally extirpate ash with devastating economic and ecological impacts. Little was known about EAB when it was first ...
McKinnon A David - - 2013
Tropical marginal seas (TMSs) are natural subregions of tropical oceans containing biodiverse ecosystems with conspicuous, valued, and vulnerable biodiversity assets. They are focal points for global marine conservation because they occur in regions where human populations are rapidly expanding. Our review of 11 TMSs focuses on three key ecosystems-coral reefs ...
Tulloch Ayesha I T - - 2013
To choose among conservation actions that may benefit many species, managers need to monitor the consequences of those actions. Decisions about which species to monitor from a suite of different species being managed are hindered by natural variability in populations and uncertainty in several factors: the ability of the monitoring ...
Sheehan E V - - 2013
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) can either protect all seabed habitats within them or discrete features. If discrete features within the MPA are to be protected humans have to know where the boundaries are. In Lyme Bay, SW England a MPA excluded towed demersal fishing gear from 206km(2) to protect rocky ...
Herrero-Jáuregui Cristina - - 2013
In the context of multiple forest management, multipurpose tree species which provide both timber and non-timber forest products (NTFP), present particular challenges as the potential of conflicting use for either product may be high. One key aspect is that the magnitude of conflict of use can be location specific, thus ...
Rico Andreu - - 2013
Aquaculture production constitutes one of the main sources of pollution with veterinary medicines into the environment. About 90% of the global aquaculture production is produced in Asia and the potential environmental risks associated with the use of veterinary medicines in Asian aquaculture have not yet been properly evaluated. In this ...
Meraner A - - 2013
Biological invasions and introgressive hybridization are major drivers for the decline of native freshwater fish. However, the magnitude of the problem across a native species range, the mechanisms shaping introgression as well as invader's dispersal and the relative role of biological invasions in the light of multiple environmental stressors are ...
Khanam Zakia - - 2013
Safed musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum) is an eminent medicinal plant of India and considered as a 'white gold' or 'divya aushad' in Indian systems of medicine. In Ayurveda, C. borivilianum belongs to the group of "Vajikaran Rasayana' corroborated to its rejuvenating, aphrodisiac, natural sex tonic properties and effective in alleviating sexual ...
Griscom Bronson - - 2013
Adoption of reduced-impact logging (RIL) methods could reduce CO2 emissions by 30-50% across at least 20% of remaining tropical forests. We developed two cost effective and robust indices for comparing the climate benefits (reduced CO2 emissions) due to RIL. The indices correct for variability in the volume of commercial timber ...
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