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Arthur Courtney C Marine Debris Division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1305 East-West Highway, N/ORR Room 10240, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA; I.M. Systems Group, 6223 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a paucity of data in the published literature on the ecological and economic impacts of derelict fishing traps (DFTs) in coastal ecosystems. We synthesized results from seven NOAA-funded trap fisheries studies around the United States and determined that DFT-caused losses to habitat and harvestable annual catch are pervasive, ...
Jennings Simon S Centre for Environment, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft Laboratory, Lowestoft, United - - 2014
The emergence of an ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) was characterized by the adoption of objectives for maintaining ecosystem health alongside those for fisheries. The EAF was expected to meet some aspirations for biodiversity conservation, but health was principally linked to sustainable use rather than lower levels of human impact. ...
Chentoufi Lamyae - - 2014
Traditional agrosystems are the places were crop species have evolved and continue to evolve under a combination of human and environmental pressures. A better knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the dynamics of crop diversity in these agrosystems is crucial to sustain food security and farmers' self-reliance. It requires as a ...
Vasilakopoulos Paraskevas P Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, 46.7 km Athens-Sounio Avenue, 19013 Anavyssos, Attica, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
In recent years, fisheries management has succeeded in stabilizing and even improving the state of many global fisheries resources [1-5]. This is particularly evident in areas where stocks are exploited in compliance with scientific advice and strong institutional structures are in place [1, 5]. In Europe, the well-managed northeast (NE) Atlantic ...
Delgado-Lemus América - - 2014
Our study analysed the vulnerability of the useful Agave species of the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico, considering ecological, cultural and economic aspects, and management types. We hypothesized that management intensity is proportional to the degree of risk of a species in order to decrease its vulnerability. Distribution of Agave species was ...
Quist Michael C MC U.S. Geological Survey, Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, 83844, USA, - - 2014
Fish and benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages often provide insight on ecological conditions for guiding management actions. Unfortunately, land use and management legacies can constrain the structure of biotic communities such that they fail to reflect habitat quality. The purpose of this study was to describe patterns in fish and benthic macroinvertebrate ...
de la Cruz Mercedes Gonzales MG Universidad Ricardo Palma, Av. Benavides 5440, Santiago de Surco, Lima 33, - - 2014
An ethnopharmacological survey has been set up in high altitude Quechua speaking communities dwelling in Callejón de Huaylas (Ancash department, Peru) and in medicinal plant markets in order to document the medicinal plants use of 178 species within the frame of a traditional Andean medicinal system. A sound ethnopharmacological survey ...
Kroon Frederieke J FJ CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, P.O. Box 780, Atherton, Qld 4883, Australia; Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville MC, Townsville, Qld 4810, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The continuing degradation of coral reefs has serious consequences for the provision of ecosystem goods and services to local and regional communities. While climate change is considered the most serious risk to coral reefs, agricultural pollution threatens approximately 25% of the total global reef area with further increases in sediment ...
Kankanamalage T N M TN Department of Plantation Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Plantation Management, Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Makandura, Gonawila - - 2014
Sri Lanka has rich traditional systems of medicine, which cater to 60-70% of the rural population's primary health care needs. However, development of existing systems has been hindered by the unavailability of up-to-date information on medicinal materials and other related issues. For streamlining purposes, we investigated the present-day scenario of ...
Reyes-González Alejandro - - 2014
Stingless bees were significant resources managed by Mesoamerican peoples during pre-Columbian times and remain important in particular areas. Our study aimed at inventorying stingless bees' species, traditional knowledge and forms of use and management of them at the municipality of Nocupetaro, Michoacan, Mexico, a region of the Balsas River Basin. ...
Frewin Andrew J - - 2014
Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) is an economically important pest of agricultural and ornamental plants worldwide and is now widely recognized as a cryptic species complex. In North America, B. tabaci is a particularly important pest of greenhouse poinsettia. In poinsettia production, two cryptic species from the B. tabaci complex, Mediterranean and ...
Madigan Daniel J - - 2014
Large pelagic predators play important roles in oceanic ecosystems, and may migrate vast distances to utilize resources in different marine ecoregions. Understanding movement patterns of migratory marine animals is critical for effective management, but often challenging, due to the cryptic habitat of pelagic migrators and the difficulty of assessing past ...
Lampert Adam A University of California, Davis, One Shield Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2014
Resolving conflicting ecosystem management goals-such as maintaining fisheries while conserving marine species or harvesting timber while preserving habitat-is a widely recognized challenge. Even more challenging may be conflicts between two conservation goals that are typically considered complementary. Here, we model a case where eradication of an invasive plant, hybrid Spartina, ...
Shang Xiao-Hui - - 2014
The sea urchin is an ancient, common, seafloor-dwelling marine invertebrate that belongs to the phylum Echinodermata. There are multiple species of sea urchin withresources that are widely distributed in China, where they were used in ancient times as Traditional Chinese Medicine for treating a variety of diseases. At present, it ...
Hamby K A - - 2014
Native to Southeast Asia, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) prefer to oviposit on ripe fruit and have become an important pest of California raspberries (Rubus idaeus L.) since their detection in Santa Cruz County, CA, in 2008. Preliminary management guidelines included D. suzukii monitoring recommendations, though there was little available information on ...
Mootoosamy Anushka A Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Réduit, - - 2014
There is currently a dearth of documentation on the use of animal-based therapies (ABT) in Mauritius. This study was therefore designed to gather primary folk knowledge on the different ABT used by Mauritians. Failure to document such knowledge can results in losses in both the use of such remedies and ...
Rusch Adrien A INRA, ISVV, UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble, 33883, Villenave d'Ornon, France, - - 2014
Agricultural intensification is recognised as a major driver of biodiversity loss in human-modified landscapes. Several agro-environmental measures at different spatial scales have been suggested to mitigate the negative impact of intensification on biodiversity and ecosystem services. The effect of these measures on the functional structure of service-providing communities remains, however, ...
Leroy Thierry T CIRAD-UMR AGAP, 34398, Montpellier, France, - - 2014
The management of diversity for conservation and breeding is of great importance for all plant species and is particularly true in perennial species, such as the coffee Coffea canephora. This species exhibits a large genetic and phenotypic diversity with six different diversity groups. Large field collections are available in the ...
Vallejo José Ramón - - 2014
Fish-based therapeutics is fundamentally based on a dietary use, but these vertebrates have also been employed in the treatment of infectious and parasitic diseases, during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum and to deal with diseases of the different systems. An overview of the ethnomedical and historical Spanish literature has been carried ...
Miller Ingrid I Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210 Vienna, - - 2014
Dogs are relevant to biomedical research in connection both to veterinary medicine for their role as pets and to basic investigations for their use as animal models in pathology, pharmacology and toxicology studies. Proteomic analysis of biological fluids is less advanced for dogs than for other animal species but a ...
Seca Ana M L AM DCTD, University of Azores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal; Chemistry Department & QOPNA, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810 -193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The genus Inula comprises more than one hundred species widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia. Uses of this genus as herbal medicines have been first recorded by the Greek and Roman ancient physicians. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, from the 20 Inula spp. distributed in China, three are used ...
Moreira Patrícia L PL a Laboratório de Ecologia Marinha Bêntica, Departamento de Ecologia , IBRAG, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , - - 2014
This study investigated the use of low salinity as a killing agent for the invasive pest corals Tubastraea coccinea and Tubastraea tagusensis (Dendrophylliidae). Experiments investigated the efficacy of different salinities, the effect of colony size on susceptibility and the influence of length of exposure. Experimental treatments of colonies were carried ...
de la Torre-Castro Maricela M Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology and Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Small-scale fisheries (SSF) in tropical seascapes (mosaics of interconnected mangroves, seagrasses and corals) are crucial for food and income. However, management is directed mostly to corals and mangroves. This research analyzes the importance of seagrasses compared to adjacent ecosystems in Chwaka Bay, Zanzibar, Tanzania. Using fish landings; the study investigated: ...
Roy Somnath S Department of Entomology, Tea Research Association, Tocklai Tea Research Institute, Jorhat, 785008, Assam, India, - - 2014
Oligonychus coffeae Nietner (Acari: Tetranychidae), the red spider mite (RSM), is a major pest of tea (Camellia sinensis) in most tea-producing countries. Nymphs and adults of RSM lacerate cells, producing minute characteristic reddish brown marks on the upper surface of mature leaves, which turn red in severe cases of infestation, ...
Stannard Hayley J HJ Native and Pest Animal Unit, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW, - - 2014
The kultarr (Antechinomys laniger) is a small marsupial that inhabits arid and semi-arid areas of central Australia. The kultarr is the only species within its genus and is morphologically unique from other dasyurids. Like many Australian marsupials, the kultarr has undergone significant population declines and although it is listed as ...
Yigezu Yared - - 2014
Traditional medicines have been used for nearly 90% of livestock populations in Ethiopia where complimentary remedies are required to the modern health care system. All plants with pharmacological activity complimentarily prescribed as best choice against livestock diseases. A community based cross - sectional survey was conducted to investigate ethno-veterinary knowledge ...
Ari Süleyman - - 2014
Tar is one example of a plant product used in folk medicine and it is obtained from Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe, which is very common in the West Anatolian Region. Old trees that are good for kindling and have thick trucks are preferred to obtain tar. Tar ...
Schmidt Jason M JM Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, S-225 Agricultural Science Center North, Lexington, KY, 40546, - - 2014
A broad range of environmental conditions likely regulate predator-prey population dynamics and impact the structure of these communities. Central to understanding the interplay between predator and prey populations and their importance is characterizing the corresponding trophic interactions. Here we use a well-documented molecular approach to examine the structure of the ...
Drobnik Jacek J Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, ul. Ostrogórska 30, PL-41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The paper presents information about the earliest botanical work from Poland, Warsavia physice illustrata… which takes bryophytes into account. It was elaborated by a German physician Christian Heinrich Erndtel and issued in 1730 in Dresden. That time understanding of bryophytes was imprecise and in many cases they were confused with ...
Albertin Warren W Univ. de Bordeaux, ISVV, EA 4577, Unité de recherche Œnologie, 33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France; Bordeaux Sciences Agro, 33175 Gradignan, - - 2014
Yeast species of Hanseniaspora and Candida genus are predominant during the early stages of winemaking, while species of Metschnikowia, Pichia, Zygoascus, Issatchenkia, Torulaspora and other genera are present at lower population levels. The impact of common oenological practices on yeast dynamics during the prefermentative stage and the early stage of ...
Heller Nicole E NE Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, 27708-0328, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Conservation goals at the start of the 21st century reflect a combination of contrasting ideas. Ideal nature is something that is historically intact but also futuristically flexible. Ideal nature is independent from humans, but also, because of the pervasiveness of human impacts, only able to reach expression through human management. ...
Wang Xiaohong - - 2014
The family Ericaceae is comprised of about 70 genera of which about 20 are found throughout China. Of these Ledum, Rhododendron, Enkianthus, Pieris, Craibiodendron, Gaultheria, Vaccinium, and Leucothoe are regarded as poisonous. Many species of these poisonous genera are used as Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of, for example, ...
Armijos Chabaco - - 2014
During the colonial period, the indigenous saraguros maintained their traditions, knowledge, and practices to restore and preserve the health of their members. Unfortunately, many of their practices and medicinal resources have not been documented. In this study, we sought to document the traditional healers' (yachakkuna saraguros) knowledge about medicinal and ...
Fürst M A MA 1] Royal Holloway University of London, School of Biological Sciences, Bourne Building, Egham TW20 0EX, UK [2] IST Austria (Institute of Science and Technology Austria), 3400 Klosterneuburg, - - 2014
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) pose a risk to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, by affecting managed livestock and wildlife that provide valuable resources and ecosystem services, such as the pollination of crops. Honeybees (Apis mellifera), the prevailing managed insect crop pollinator, suffer from a range of emerging and exotic ...
Sharkey Leslie C LC Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St Paul, - - 2014
This is the second in a two-part review of diagnostic cytopathology in veterinary medicine. As in human medicine, cytopathology is a minimally invasive, rapid, and cost-effective diagnostic modality with broad utilization. In this second part, the diagnostic applications of cytology in respiratory, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, endocrine, ocular, and central nervous system ...
Amoo Stephen O SO Research Centre for Plant Growth and Development, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South - - 2014
Aloe species (family: Xanthorrhoeaceae) are widely used in ethnomedicine for treating various ailments. Approximately 125 Aloe taxa are documented as indigenous to South Africa. This review was aimed at critically evaluating the available data on the ethnomedicinal uses, pharmacological activities, safety and conservation status of the documented South African Aloe ...
Khyade Mahendra S MS Post Graduate Department of Botany, S. N. Arts, D. J. Malpani Commerce and B.N. Sarda Science College, Sangamner -422 605 (MS), India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. and Alstonia macrophylla Wall. ex G. Don are two vital medicinal plant species (family: Apocynaceae). In India, the therapeutic use of A. scholaris has been described in both codified and non-codified drug systems for the treatment of malaria, jaundice, gastrointestinal troubles, cancer and in many ...
Mönkkönen Mikko M Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Production of marketed commodities and protection of biodiversity in natural systems often conflict and thus the continuously expanding human needs for more goods and benefits from global ecosystems urgently calls for strategies to resolve this conflict. In this paper, we addressed what is the potential of a forest landscape to ...
Kojima Tatsuo T Department of Integrated Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo , 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902, - - 2014
We report a practical synthetic protocol and mechanistic details for the selective alternate derivatization of the hexaphenylbenzene (HPB) framework through a thermodynamically controlled halogen dance. The stability of the alternately trilithiated species of HPB is interpreted by the through-space interaction at the ipso-carbons of the phenyl groups of the HPB ...
Alonso-Castro Angel Josabad AJ Departamento de Sistemas Biológicos, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana unidad Xochimilco Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mexico has great biodiversity of fauna. The use of fauna with medicinal properties is a common practice since pre-Hispanic times. In the last decade, there has been an interest in ethnozoological studies in Mexico. Therefore, more studies are needed in order to gather information regarding the use of fauna with ...
Xiang Li L Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, - - 2014
Ophiocordyceps sinensis is a highly valuable and popular medicinal fungus used as a tonic and roborant for thousands of years in traditional asian medicine. However, unsustainable harvesting practices have endangered this species and very little is known about its developmental programming, its biochemistry and genetics. To begin to address this, ...
Jin Gui-Lin GL Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350108, Fujian, People's Republic of - - 2014
In the genus Gelsemium, Gelsemium elegans (Gardn. & Champ.) Benth. has been recognized as a toxic plant that is widely distributed in Southeast Asia and has been used as traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of rheumatoid pain, neuropathic pain, spasticity, skin ulcers and cancers for many years. Gelsemium sempervirens ...
de Carvalho Roberta Monique - - 2014
The Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, located in Atlantic Rainforest in Southern of Paraiba state, have stories that are interwoven throughout time. The practice of meliponicultura has been carried out for generations in these social groups and provides an elaborate ecological knowledge based on native stingless bees, the melliferous ...
Yang Lixin - - 2014
Homegardens are ecologically and culturally important systems for cultivating medicinal plants for wellbeing by healers and farmers in Naxi communities of the Sino Himalayan region. The cultivation of medicinal plants in Naxi communities and associated the ethnomedical knowledge base for maintaining and utilizing these resources is at risk with expanded ...
Sievers Michael M a Sustainable Aquaculture Laboratory - Temperate and Tropical (SALTT), Department of Zoology , University of Melbourne , Melbourne , - - 2014
Fouling organisms in bivalve aquaculture cause significant economic losses for the industry. Managing biofouling is typically reactive, and involves time- and labour-intensive removal techniques. Mussel spat settlement and biofouling were documented over 20 months at three mussel farms within Port Phillip Bay (PPB), Australia to determine if knowledge of settlement patterns ...
Cunha Haydée A HA Laboratório de Biodiversidade Molecular, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ; Laboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos e Bioindicadores, Faculdade de Oceanografia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Franciscanas are the most endangered dolphins in the Southwestern Atlantic. Due to their coastal and estuarine habits, franciscanas suffer from extensive fisheries bycatch, as well as from habitat loss and degradation. Four Franciscana Management Areas (FMA), proposed based on biology, demography, morphology and genetic data, were incorporated into management planning ...
Alguacil Maria Del Mar Mdel M CSIC-Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura, Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia, - - 2014
Due to the important role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in ecosystem functioning, determination of the effect of management practices on the AMF diversity in agricultural soils is essential for the sustainability of these agro-ecosystems. The objective of this study was to compare the AMF diversity in Prunus persica roots ...
Bousquet Nicolas N Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse, UMR 5219 CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, - - 2014
The northern Gulf of St. Lawrence (NGSL) stock of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), historically the second largest cod population in the Western Atlantic, has known a severe collapse during the early 1990 s and is currently considered as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. ...
Wei Xiaohua X Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, - - 2014
Subtropical planted forests are rapidly expanding. They are traditionally managed for intensive, short-term goals that often lead to long-term yield decline and reduced carbon sequestration capacity. Here we show how it is possible to increase and sustain carbon stored in subtropical forest plantations if management is switched towards more sustainable ...
Sarin Bharti B Department of Botany, Gargi College, University of Delhi, Siri Fort Road, New Delhi 110049, - - 2014
The genus Phyllanthus consists of more than 1000 species, of which many are used as traditional medicines. The plant extracts have been used since ancient times, for treating hypertension, diabetes, hepatic, urinary, and sexual disorders, and other common ailments. Modern day scientific investigations have now confirmed pharmacognostic properties of Phyllanthus ...
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