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Ziahosseini P P King's College London Dental Institute, Bessemer Road, London, SE5 - - 2014
Gingival black triangles (GBTs) are generally considered to be aesthetically unacceptable, have a multifactorial aetiology and a range of treatment options. This review covers the surgical and non-surgical management of GBTs. Surgical methods address recontouring, preserving or reconstructing the soft tissue including the interdental papilla as well as the alveolar ...
Ribeiro Leandro L Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho Hospital Center, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tissue engineering is a rapidly developing field that, making biological substitutes for the repair and regeneration of damaged tissues, will play an important role in the future of otorhinolaryngology. In this article we explain the principles of regenerative medicine and its potential applications in Otorhinolaryngology. The authors searched the published ...
Shen Jing J J Shen, Department of Endocrinology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, chongqing, China - - 2014
Objective: This study aimed to systematically evaluate the quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and to compare their recommendations for managing subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) to assist practitioners in making rapid clinical decisions. Design and methods: SCS management guidelines were retrieved from electronic databases. The Appraisal of Guidelines Research and ...
- - 2014
The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine has recently published the consensus guidelines for pediatric nuclear medicine. This article is the English version of the guidelines. Part 1 proposes the dose optimization in pediatric nuclear medicine studies. Part 2 comprehensively discusses imaging techniques for the appropriate conduct of pediatric nuclear medicine ...
Rydén Lars - - 2013
Examining the progress in cardiovascular medicine, through articles published in the Journal of Internal Medicine (from 1989), Acta Medica Scandinavica (from 1919 until 1989) and Nordiskt Medicinskt Arkiv (before 1919), is an attractive task but in reality not easy. A total of 149 articles were identified within this field since ...
Packer Claire - - 2013
Regenerative medicine techniques to restore cardiac and vascular function are being increasingly investigated as management options for cardiovascular disease. The authors set out to identify emerging regenerative techniques in cardiovascular disease and investigate their stage of development. The relevant networks in the field in the UK were contacted and online ...
- - 2013
Toni T. Mufford, CVT, RLATG, Veterinary Technician II, Center for Comparative Medicine, Office of Laboratory Animal Resources, University of Colorado, Denver, Aurora, CO.
Jain Abhay K - - 2012
Every orthodontist at some point in his clinical practice has faced the dilemma of how 'best' to manage a mild to moderate Class II malocclusion. To demonstrate the efficacy of Forsus™ Fatigue Resistant Device in the management of Class II malocclusion. A patient having Class II division 1 malocclusion with ...
Chesa-Ponce N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To inform about three doctorate theses on urethral stenosis, presented in the University of Paris and Montpellier by Spanish authors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Of the Canary Island students who studied medicine in France during the xix century and beginning of the xx century, three stand out for having chosen ...
Bengoechea José A - - 2012
This short review establishes the conceptual bases and discusses the principal aspects of P4-shorthand for predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory medicine-medicine, in the framework of infectious diseases. P4 medicine is a new way to approach medical care; instead of acting when the patient is sick, physicians will be able to ...
Ho J W S - - 2012
Naturally occurring plant alkaloids, in particular those identified from herbal medicines, are finding therapeutic use. Heart diseases can be well managed with specific formulations of herbal medicines. The combined action of multiple constituents of herbal medicines works with therapeutic benefits in humans. The established formulations of Traditional Chinese medicines show ...
Khodadoust Kazem - - 2012
In a period of compilation, original observations and expansion (900-1100 AD), Persians described new clinical manifestations of the diseases and expanded the earlier knowledge of materia medica. In the epoch of the Arabic language domination in the scientific literature of this period, advent of medical authors to write in Farsi ...
Coats Caroline - - 2012
In modern medicine, reliance on clinical signs is rapidly diminishing. Although the cornerstone of valvular heart disease assessment is the history and echocardiographic findings, physical examination remains an important part of the diagnostic work-up to identify patients who require further investigation. Assessment of the pulse remains a fundamental skill for ...
Li Ping - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic liver disease are both very harmful to human health almost all over the world, which lead to the fibrosis of the two organs ultimately. Currently, there are few satisfactory therapeutic methods in treating the two diseases. Some research works from Chinese medicine and Western ...
Sun Hui - - 2012
Systems biology has significantly increased in recent years. Its method and design resemble those of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which is a unique medical system that assisted the ancient Chinese in dealing with disease. The technology platforms of systems biology, especially metabolomics, could provide more rapid, direct, concise and effective ...
Martini Nataly - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand, gout disproportionately affects Māori and Pacific people who also experience symptoms at an earlier age. Gout occurs predominantly in men and is associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and renal disease. The impact on daily social activities, family, and work is enormous, and many people remain inadequately ...
Harrison Natalie - - 2012
This second and final installment of the report on the Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine 2011 Conference follows on from Part 1, published in the January 2012 (volume 13, issue 2) issue of Pharmacogenomics, which covered conference sessions on personalized medicines, public health pharmacogenetics and next-generation sequencing. In this second part, ...
Dong Hui - - 2012
Chinese herbal medicine has developed new therapies for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on its unique theory system and substantial herb remedies. In this review, 21 traditional Chinese herbs were introduced for their potential benefit in the treatment of NAFLD. Majority of them are evaluated by experimental studies and ...
Flint Courtney - - 2012
Disturbances by insects have considerable effect on the heterogeneity of forested landscapes in North America. Responding to calls for bringing human dimensions of landscape disturbance and heterogeneity into ecological assessments and management strategies, this paper explores linkages between biophysical, socioeconomic, and perceptual aspects of a mountain pine beetle (MPB) (Dendroctonus ...
Martinsen Elin Håkonsen - - 2012
This paper seeks to find different ways of addressing illness as an experience essential to the understanding of being a human being. As a conceptual point of departure, we suggest the notion of 'pathic existence' as developed by the German physician and philosopher Viktor von Weizsäcker (1886-1957). Through an analysis ...
Burkett Brendan - - 2012
To highlight and discuss the considerations for the future development of equipment standards for Winter Paralympic sports. Literature searches were performed (in English) during May 2011 using the key words "technology, winter sport, Olympic, and Paralympic" in the computerized databases PubMed, PsycINFO, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. In addition, personal ...
Orhan Ilkay Erdogan - - 2012
This paper covers the studies relevant to neuroprotective activity of Centella asiatica (L.) Urban, also known as "Gotu Kola." The plant is native to the Southeast Asia and has been used traditionally as brain tonic in ayurvedic medicine. The neuroprotective effect of C. asiatica has been searched using the key ...
Zhang Yan - - 2012
Internal medicine includes several subspecialties. This study aimed to describe change trend of impact factors in different subspecialties of internal medicine during the past 12 years, as well as the developmental differences among each subspecialty, and the possible influencing factors behind these changes and differences. Nine subspecialties of internal medicine ...
Quiroga Rodrigo - - 2012
The aim of this study was to document the types of diseases treated by the use of medicinal plants, their main applications and also to have a report of the major diseases treated at the Hospital of San Pablo de Huacareta (Chuquisaca Bolivia). We conducted semi-structured interviews on the use ...
Chivers Laura L LL Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. - - 2012
Behavioral economics research has revealed systematic biases in decision making that merit consideration in efforts to promote money management skills among those with substance use disorders (SUDs). The objective of this article was to briefly review the literature on five of those biases (i.e., hyperbolic delay discounting, defaults and preference ...
Emmerton Lynne M - - 2011
'Look-alike, sound-alike' medicines are associated with dispensing errors. This commentary aims to fuel discussion surrounding how drug name nomenclature and similar packaging between medicines can lead to selection errors, the need for enhanced approval systems for medicine names and packaging, and best practice 'solutions'. The literature reveals a number of ...
Vanel Maïa - - 2011
Veterinary medicine is most often a mysterious world for the human doctors. However, animals are important for human medicine thanks to the numerous biological similarities. Primary bone tumors are not uncommon in veterinary medicine and especially in small domestic animals as dogs and cats. As in human medicine, osteosarcoma is ...
Hart Benjamin L - - 2011
No other theme in animal biology seems to be more central than the concept of employing strategies to survive and successfully reproduce. In nature, controlling or avoiding pathogens and parasites is an essential fitness strategy because of the ever-present disease-causing organisms. The disease-control strategies discussed here are: physical avoidance and ...
Alves Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega - - 2011
For many millennia humans and reptiles have interacted, but the attitude of humans towards these animals has depended on culture, environment, and personal experience. At least 719 reptile species are known to occur in Brazil and about 11% of this fauna has been exploited for many different purposes, including bushmeat, ...
Nugraha Ari S - - 2011
Indonesia is rich in medicinal plants which the population has used traditionally from generation to generation for curing diseases. Our interest in the treatment of infectious diseases has lead to the investigation of traditional Indonesian treatments. In this review, we present a comprehensive review of ethnopharmacologically directed screening in Indonesian ...
Macneill Paul Ulhas - - 2011
This paper discusses various justifications for including medical humanities and art in healthcare education. It expresses concern about portrayals of the humanities and art as benign and servile in relation to medicine and the health professions. An alternative is for the humanities to take a more active role within medical ...
Shanahan Fergus - - 2011
As society changes, doctors must adapt. Despite remarkable advances in medicine, the pace of change--greater now than ever--is challenging doctors to define their role and relevance. Is medicine really facing a crisis? Are claims for a malaise in medicine overstated? Regardless, the profession has been called upon to respond collectively ...
Casas-Agustench Patricia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To consider historical aspects of nuts in relation to origin and distribution, attributed medicinal benefits, symbolism, legends and superstitions. DESIGN: Review of historical aspects of nuts. SETTING: Mediterranean region. SUBJECTS: The varieties reviewed include almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, pine nuts and pistachios.Results and conclusionsLike other foods, nuts have a wide ...
Ahmed Rafi - - 2011
This issue of the Journal of Experimental Medicine celebrates and honors the life of Ralph Steinman (1943-2011), winner of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Ralph's science was rooted in fundamental discovery with the goal of translating these findings into clinical medicine. He recognized the power of immunology ...
Tiwari Kishan Lal - - 2011
Herbal medicine has been used in medical practice for thousands of years and recognized especially as a valuable and readily available resource for healthcare in Asian nations. India is a vast repository of medicinal plants that can be developed as a safe and economical system of medicine for the treatment ...
González P - - 2011
Ivermectin is a broad spectrum antiparasitic veterinary drug introduced in human medicine in 1987. It is considered the drug of choice in onchocerciasis and strongyloidiasis infections, and remains as a therapeutic option for mass treatment in lymphatic filariasis, for which it has widely proved its efficacy. While research continued for ...
Hutch Richard A - - 2011
Modern medical practice is identified as a relatively recent way of approaching human ill health in the wide scope of how people have addressed sickness throughout history and across a wide range of cultures. The ideological biases of medical or "allopathic" (disease as "other" or "outsider") practice are identified and ...
Fristrup Kurt M - - 2011
An emerging paradigm in wildlife conservation holds that ecological knowledge is but one of several dimensions that must be addressed to realize successful outcomes. Human factors-history, culture, economics, and mechanisms for decision and implementation-must be taken into account to devise effective solutions. Addressing these factors demands systematic identification and pursuit ...
Barbieri Cinzia - - 2011
The goal of this study is to inform those potentially interested (researchers, farmers, industry and public bodies) in the medicinal and aromatic properties, and profitability of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton (Lamiaceae). Perilla, a medicinal and edible plant of Asian origin, was recently introduced to the Piedmont Region in the north-west ...
Galvin Danika - - 2011
Aim:  This article reports some preliminary findings of an Australian action research project that aimed to investigate, and affect, occupational therapists' understanding of human rights theory and occupational justice philosophy in everyday occupational therapy practice. Method:  Over the course of one year, nine therapists from a range of practice areas ...
Moura Geraldo Jorge Barbosa - - 2012
There have been very few ethnopharmacological studies performed on the traditional use of fossil species, although a few records have been conducted in Asia, Africa, and Europe. This study is the first ever to be performed on the use of Testudine (turtle) fossils for folk medicine in Latin America. An ...
Ho Christopher C K - - 2011
Herbal medicine long has been used in the management of sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction. Many patients have attested to the efficacy of this treatment. However, is it evidence-based medicine? Studies have been done on animal models, mainly in the laboratory. However, randomized controlled trials on humans are scarce. The ...
Yoo Junghee - - 2012
Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM) is a holistic typological constitution medicine which balances psychological, social, and physical aspects of an individual to achieve wellness and increase longevity. SCM has the qualities of preventative medicine, as it emphasizes daily health management based on constitutionally differentiated regimens and self-cultivation of the mind and ...
Hughes Kevin A - - 2012
Continental Antarctic terrestrial and freshwater environments currently have few established non-native species compared to the sub-Antarctic islands and other terrestrial ecosystems on Earth. This is due to a unique combination of factors including Antarctica's remoteness, harsh climate, physical geography and brief history of human activity. However, recent increases in national ...
Jančula Daniel - - 2011
Cyanobacteria proliferation is among the most threatening consequences of freshwater pollution. Health risks from human and other-organism exposure to cyanobacteria have led to an effort to find practical methods for cyanobacterial water-bloom reduction. Hence, methods and techniques have been developed in order to reduce the amount of phosphorus or to ...
Dreyfus Hubert L - - 2011
Medicine is unique in being a combination of natural science and human science in which both are essential. Therefore, in order to make sense of medical practice, we need to begin by drawing a clear distinction between the natural and the human sciences. In this paper, I try to bring ...
Roeder E - - 2011
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) can be hazardous to the health of humans and animals. Although their toxicity has been known for a long time, PA containing plants are still in use in many traditional medicines. Traditional healing systems have become of increasing interest as many people believe that they can be ...
Minghetti Paola - - 2011
In the European Union (EU), the regulatory policy for biosimilars has enabled different biosimilar products to be marketed through an abridged application, which allows the applicant to submit a reduced dossier. Nevertheless, some manufacturers of biological products that share some characteristics with copies have opted for a full application; therefore, ...
Nunn Robin - - 2011
In evidence-based medicine, randomized controlled trials are said to be the highest evidence of what works, while anecdotes have low value or are not even considered to be medical evidence. Similar hierarchical views of evidence have infected other disciplines, including evidence-based education and evidence-based government. Here, I explore the artificial ...
Friedman Lawrence - - 2011
To avoid certain errors in practice, Charles Brenner offered an holistic substitute for the Freudian structural model of the mind. He used the term compromise formation ambiguously to refer to both actions and states, so as to render unnecessary what he considered artificial, judgmental attitudes embodied in images of psychic ...
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