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Karasszon Dénes - - 2013
The roots of physiology - on the basis of anatomical thinking and mind, which is fundamental idea of the European medicine - go back to Reformation. The following short data from the abundant history of physiology from the ancient speculative natural philosophers to the modern experimental science of our days ...
Sugaya Makoto - - 2012
In 2010, the first Japanese edition of guidelines for the management of cutaneous lymphoma was published jointly by the Japanese Dermatological Association (JDA) and the Japanese Skin Cancer Society (JSCS) - Lymphoma Study Group. Because the guidelines were revised in 2011 based on the most recent data, we summarized the ...
Sharma Ketan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Reflecting the growing understanding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer survival and growth, the anti-VEGF antibody bevacizumab (Avastin) is increasingly used to treat advanced malignancy. However, because VEGF also mediates proper wound healing, bevacizumab may lead to potentially severe wound-healing complications (WHCs). Because bevacizumab expands in use, ...
Jordan C J - - 2012
This report describes the successful management of peristomal tissue necrosis following prepubic urethrostomy in a cat. The novel technique of temporary urethral ligation was used in combination with temporary tube cystostomy and vacuum assisted closure to allow for wound management prior to performing wound closure by utilization of a flank ...
Covens Peter - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Nuclear medicine technologists are exposed daily to the risk of skin contamination with radiopharmaceuticals. This study deal with the different elements associated with skin contaminations. METHODS: To assess the incidence, routes and contamination activities, a long-term on-site survey was organized using a measurement system built in-house, together with a ...
Meaume S - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of an innovative absorbent wound dressing (UrgoClean; Laboratoires Urgo) in the local management of venous leg ulcers and pressure ulcers, during the sloughy stage of the healing process.
Cleland Heather - - 2012
Background Appropriate care of minor burns is key if complications, leading to the need for surgical intervention and increased likelihood of poor outcomes, are to be avoided. Objective This article provides guidance to support the appropriate management of thermal burns in the general practice setting. DiscussionCorrect initial assessment of the ...
Menon Jane - - 2012
This review highlights the challenges associated with highly exuding venous leg ulcers for both the patient and the clinician. The main focus of the author's article is the management of heavy exudate levels, and key to this is the assessment process, which is discussed. The wide range of products and ...
Hoogenboom Barbara J - - 2012
Bleeding or open wounds of the integumentary system occur frequently in athletics. Integumentary wounds vary from minor scrapes, blisters, and small punctures to more serious lacerations and arterial wounds that could threaten the life of the athlete. The Sports physical therapist (PT) must realize that integumentary wounds and subsequent bleeding ...
Basavaraj K H - - 2012
Nanotechnology and nanomedicine are complementary disciplines aimed at the betterment of human life. Nanotechnology is an emerging branch of science for designing tools and devices of size 1-100 nm, with unique functions at the cellular, atomic and molecular levels. The concept of using nanotechnology in medical research and clinical practice ...
Reguiai Z - - 2012
PURPOSE: Cutaneous adverse events induced by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors can hamper the patients' quality of life. The aim of our work was to draft an algorithm for the optimised management of this skin toxicity. METHODS: This algorithm was built in three steps under the responsibility of a ...
Albertal J M - - 2012
The data on the proper way to establish the preauricular incision (PAI) line and manage skin tension during lifting are limited. Undoubtedly, proper tissue handling represents a true challenge during a lifting procedure and is a crucial step in avoiding disfiguration. The authors describe their approach to PAI demarcation and ...
Laws Philip M - - 2012
Background:  UK medical graduates are required to reach standards defined by the General Medical Council (in Tomorrows Doctors) in all specialties, including dermatology. Aims:  We assessed the self-reported competence of Foundation Year 1 (FY1) doctors in the diagnosis and management of skin disease correlated against their undergraduate dermatology experience. Methods:  ...
Sakthivel K M - - 2012
Research on medicinal plants began to focus on discovery of natural products as potential active principles against various diseases. Medicinal plants are very interesting, have the ability to produce remarkable chemical structures with diverse biological activities. Biophytum sensitivum is used as traditional medicine to cure variety of diseases. During the ...
Wu Xiao-Bo - - 2012
AIM OF THE STUDY: Polygonum cuspidatum has long been used as a traditional medicine inducing wound healing. In this study, the extract from the Chinese medicinal herb Polygonum cuspidatum was investigated on its wound healing activity, in order to obtain an accurate elucidation of its traditional use value. MATERIALS AND ...
Pazyar Nader - - 2012
Keloid scars are large protruding claw-shaped lesions that develop beyond the confines of the wound and uniquely appears only in humans. For thousands of years ginseng has been used in the traditional medicine in oriental countries. It occupies a prominent position in the list of the best-selling medicinal herbs in ...
Crane Nicole J - - 2012
Wound care and management accounted for over 1.8 million hospital discharges in 2009. The complex nature of wound physiology involves hundreds of overlapping processes that we have only begun to understand over the past three decades. The management of wounds remains a significant challenge for inexperienced clinicians. The ensuing inflammatory ...
Li Fu-Lun - - 2012
Chronic skin ulcer (CSU), including diabetic ulcers, venous ulcers, radiation ulcers, and pressure ulcers, remains a great challenge in the clinic. CSU seriously affects the quality of life of patients and requires long-term dedicated care, causing immense socioeconomic costs. CSU can cause the loss of the integrity of large portions ...
Rubin Daniel B - - 2012
Abstract We discuss using clinical trial data to construct and evaluate rules that use baseline covariates to assign different treatments to different patients. Given such a candidate personalization rule, we first note that its performance can often be evaluated without actually applying the rule to subjects, and a class of ...
Hsiao Chia-Yen - - 2012
Angelica sinensis (AS) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been formulated clinically to treat various form of skin trauma and to help wound healing. However, the mechanism by which it works remains a mystery. In this study we have established a new platform to evaluate the pharmacological effects ...
Bharati Abinash C - - 2012
Medicinal plants are widely being used by the traditional medical practitioners for curing various diseases in their day-to-day practice. Biophytum sensitivum DC (Oxalidaceae) is used as a traditional folk medicine in ailments such as inflammation, arthritis, wounds, tumors and burns, gonorrhea, stomach ache, asthma, cough, degenerative joint disease, urinary calculi, ...
Caroli Shobit - - 2011
Hair restoration has emerged as a subspecialty of aesthetic plastic surgery practiced by a wide range of doctors including plastic surgeons, general surgeons, dermatologists, and even general practitioners. As a current trend, most doctors practice "Ultrarefined follicular unit hair transplantation" in which the entire procedure is done precisely with minimal ...
Suh Guk-Hee - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In developing countries, most people who need medicines have to pay for them out of their own pockets. This review focuses on publications to explore the affordability gap of medicines and ways to close it. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiovascular medicines were unaffordable in low-income to middle-income countries, whereas ...
Gent David H - - 2011
ABSTRACT Rational management of plant diseases, both economically and environmentally, involves assessing risks and the costs associated with both correct and incorrect tactical management decisions to determine when control measures are warranted. Decision support systems can help to inform users of plant disease risk and thus assist in accurately targeting ...
Venketasubramanian N - - 2011
The primary aim of these guidelines is to assist individual clinicians, hospital departments, and hospital administrators to produce local protocols for the: • assessment, investigation and immediate management of individuals with a transient ischemic attack or acute stroke (other than sub-arachnoid hemorrhage), and • secondary prevention and risk factor management ...
Kohler Manuela - - 2011
In principle, there are three defined procedures to obtain approval for a medicinal product in the European Union. As discussed in this overview of the procedures, the decision on which regulatory pathway to use will depend on the nature of the active substance, the target indication(s), the history of product ...
Kumar Koshila - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 497-503 Objectives  Despite a recognised need for richer narratives about academic medicine, much of the literature is limited to an analysis of the enablers and barriers associated with recruitment and retention, and focuses on analysing the development of research career pathways. We explored academic clinician-educators' experiences ...
McQuestion Maurene - - 2011
To present a clinical update on the available evidence for the prevention and management of radiation skin reactions (radiodermatitis). Research studies, review articles, and clinical practice guidelines. In the past 4 years since the publication of the original article, there has been minimal change in the evidence available to guide ...
Duke Stephen Oscar - - 2011
Pest management was changed dramatically during the past 15 years by the introduction of transgenes into crops for the purpose of pest management. Transgenes for herbicide resistance or for production of one or more Bt toxins are the predominant pest management traits currently available. These two traits have been rapidly ...
Zahid Imran - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Thoracic empyema is the accumulation of frank pus within the pleural cavity. Its cause is often multifactorial and may include direct contiguous spread of infection, penetrating chest trauma or an iatrogenic cause secondary to surgical instrumentation of the pleural space. Current management of empyema is based on ...
Liebowitz Jason - - 2011
The extensive participation of German physicians in the atrocities of the Holocaust raises many questions concerning the potential for moral erosion in medicine. What circumstances and methods of rationalisation allowed doctors to turn from healers into accomplices of genocide? Are physicians still vulnerable to corruption of their guiding principles and, ...
Levine Rachel B - - 2011
PURPOSE: The number of women in academic medicine has steadily increased, although gender parity still does not exist and women leave academics at somewhat higher rates than men. The authors investigated the reasons why women leave careers in academic medicine. METHOD: Semistructured, one-on-one interviews were conducted in 2007-2008 with 20 ...
Pantoja Alfonso F - - 2011
Although the Institute of Medicine of the USA has recommended elements for healthcare reform, the optimal means for incorporation of these elements into a healthcare setting remain undefined. A process for the implementation of potentially better practices is described that incorporates a computerized medical record into an evidence-based, multidisciplinary continuous ...
Harris D G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Terminal haemorrhage is a rare but devastating event that may occur in certain advanced cancers. The focus of management involves administration of 'crisis medicine' with the intention of relieving patient distress through sedative doses of anxiolytics or opioids. This practice, whilst widely accepted, is based on limited evidence and ...
Kirk S F L - - 2011
Objectives:Despite the existence of guidelines for obesity management, uncertainty remains as to what interventions comprise effective practice. This uncertainty could act as a barrier to busy health care professionals, who may lack the time and expertize to fully appraise the huge amount of literature that is published each year on ...
De Jong Cornelis - - 2011
Since 2007 there is a full-time, 2-year professional training in addiction medicine in the Netherlands. The aim of this article is to describe in detail the development and present status of the Dutch Master in Addiction Medicine (MiAM) program. In this competency-based professional training, theoretical courses are integrated with learning ...
Ebbers Hans C - - 2011
Highly publicized safety issues of medicinal products in recent years and the accompanying political pressure have forced both the US FDA and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to implement stronger regulations concerning pharmacovigilance. These legislative changes demand more proactive risk management strategies of both pharmaceutical companies and regulators to characterize ...
Body Richard - - 2011
The Guidelines in Emergency Medicine Network (GEMNet) has been created to promote best medical practice in a range of conditions presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in the UK. This guideline presents a summary of the best available evidence to guide the management of adult patients who present to the ED ...
Gutierrez Griselda - - 2011
We report a 44 year old nulligravida Jehovah's Witness with a known fibroid uterus who presented with menorrhagia and life-threatening anemia. Adamant in her refusal of blood products and deemed too unstable for surgical management, the patient was managed conservatively by a multidisciplinary team.
Friedrich Elena - - 2011
The amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted due to waste management in the cities of developing countries is predicted to rise considerably in the near future; however, these countries have a series of problems in accounting and reporting these gases. Some of these problems are related to the status quo ...
Ackerly D Clay - - 2011
The rapidly changing field of medicine demands that future physician-leaders excel not only in clinical medicine but also in the management of complex health care enterprises. However, many physicians have become leaders "by accident," and the active cultivation of future leaders is required. Addressing this need will require multiple approaches, ...
Manolis Efthymios - - 2011
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) qualification process is a new, voluntary, scientific pathway leading to either a Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) opinion or a Scientific Advice on innovative methods or drug development tools: (i) CHMP Qualification Opinion on the acceptability of a specific use of the ...
García-Llorente Marina - - 2011
Biological invasions occur worldwide, and have been the object of ecological and socio-economic research for decades. However, the manner in which different stakeholder groups identify the problems associated with invasive species and confront invasive species management under different policies remains poorly understood. In this study, we conducted an econometric analysis ...
Chow Tan - - 2011
Managers' attitudes influence female employees' perceptions of workplace breastfeeding support. Five focus groups were conducted with managers in the state of Michigan (N = 25) to assess their attitudes toward supporting breastfeeding. All focus group discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for themes. Participants supported efforts by managers and ...
Reid Sarah M - - 2011
Numerous barriers to maintaining infection control practices through the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) exist in the emergency department (ED). This study examined the knowledge, self-reported behaviours, and barriers to compliance with infection control practices and the use of PPE in Canadian pediatric EDs. A self-administered survey instrument consisting ...
Sandalcioglu I E - - 2011
Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) can occur in the entire central nervous system with a predilection of the supratentorial intracranial compartment. Intracerebral hemorrhage is the most common clinical presentation of AVM and associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Correct management of these lesions is therefore of utmost importance. In this ...
Jimmieson Nerina L - - 2011
This study examined if organizational identification can account for the mechanisms by which two-change management practices (communication and participation) influence employees' intentions to support change. The context was a sample of 82 hotel employees in the early stages of a re-brand. Identification with the new hotel fully mediated the relationship ...
Debiao He - - 2011
It is important to guarantee the privacy and the security of the users in the telecare medicine information system. Recently, Wu et al.'s proposed an authentication scheme for mobile devices in telecare medicine information system. They added the pre-computing idea within the communication process to avoid the time-consuming exponential computations. ...
Richetta Antonio G - - 2011
Effective management of wound healing is a considerable challenge for clinicians. Patients underlying condition, accurate assessment of the wound and exudates, as well as selection of an appropriate dressing is all important factors for success. A variety of dressings are available to the clinician for the management of exudates. Hydrofiber ...
Ursino Maria Grazia - - 2011
Although most adverse drug reactions are caused by the active substances, excipients may sometimes affect the safety profile of a medicinal product. The aim of this review is twofold: (1) To identify the excipients most frequently contained in oral medicinal products marketed in Italy for gastrointestinal indications, and to evaluate ...
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