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Svenaeus Fredrik F Department of Philosophy, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge, Södertörn University, 141 89, Huddinge, Sweden, - - 2014
This article is an introduction to a thematic section on the phenomenology of empathy in medicine, attempting to provide an expose of the field. It also provides introductions to the individual articles of the thematic section.
Schmidt Josef M JM Institute of Ethics, History, and Theory of Medicine, University of Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conventional sciences have brought forth a wealth of knowledge and benefits, but they have not always been clear and precise about their legitimate scope and methodological limitations. In contrast, new and critical approaches in modern sciences question and reflect their own presuppositions, dependencies, and constraints. Examples are quantum physics, theory ...
Papavasiliou Evangelia Evie EE International Observatory on End of Life Care, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YT, UK, - - 2014
End-of-life sedation, though increasingly prevalent and widespread internationally, remains one of the most highly debated medical practices in the context of palliative medicine. This qualitative study aims to elicit and record the perspectives of leading international palliative care experts on current debates. Twenty-one professionals from diverse backgrounds, sharing field-specific knowledge/expertise ...
Cervellin Gianfranco G Emergency Department, Academic Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci, 14, 43126, Parma, Italy, - - 2014
Clinical judgment is a foundation of medical practice and lies at the heart of a physician's knowledge, expertise and skill. Although clinical judgment is an active part of all medical fields, thus including diagnosis and therapy, communication and decision making, it is still poorly defined. It can be considered a ...
Karagiannis Tom C TC Epigenomic Medicine, BakerIDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, 3004, Vic, Australia 75 Commercial Road, Melbourne. Department of Pathology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3052, Vic, Australia. - - 2014
At a time when superstition and deities were thought to be responsible for health and disease, Hippocrates of Kos emerged as a rational thinker assigning disease to natural causes. His insights, which principally arose from what may be considered almost compulsive examination and comparison, formed the basis of Hippocratic Medicine. ...
Reach G G Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Avicenne Hospital, AP-HP, EA 3412, CRNH-IdF, University Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 125, route de Stalingrad, 93000 Bobigny, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Doctors often do not follow the guidelines of good practice based on evidence-based medicine, and this "clinical inertia" may represent an impediment to efficient care. The aims of this article are as follows: 1) to demonstrate that this phenomenon is often the consequence of a discrepancy between the technical rationality ...
Price David D 1 Academic Primary Care, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2014
Observational studies and pragmatic trials can complement classical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) by providing data more relevant to the circumstances under which medicine is routinely practiced, thereby providing practical guidance for clinicians. The bearing of RCT findings on day-to-day practice can be weighted and the data more meaningfully interpreted by ...
Ershadifar Tabassom T Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Palpitation is a sign of a disease and is very common in general population. For this purpose we decided to explain it in this study. The purpose of this study was to describe the palpitation in both modern and traditional medicine aspect. It may help us to diagnose and cure ...
Rudestam Kirsten K Center for Global, International and Regional Studies/Politics Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, Merrill Faculty Services 1056 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA, - - 2014
Groundwater is a vital resource in California, and the concept of "sustainable yield" is an attempt to determine a metric that can ensure the long-term resilience of groundwater systems. However, its meaning is ambiguous and quantification is challenging. To provide insight into developing a working definition that encompasses the inherent ...
Soler Joaquim J Department of Psychiatry, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain ; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica- Sant Pau (IIB-SANT PAU), Barcelona, - - 2014
Mindfulness has been described as an inherent human capability that can be learned and trained, and its improvement has been associated with better health outcomes in both medicine and psychology. Although the role of practice is central to most mindfulness programs, practice-related improvements in mindfulness skills is not consistently reported ...
Dalfardi Behnam B Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.; Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Persian scholars, especially those who lived during the Golden Age of Islamic Medicine (9th-12th century AD), made significant contributions to the healing arts and secured a place of honor for themselves in the history of this science. Abū l-Ḥasan Alī ibn al-'Abbās al-Majūsī Ahvazi (? 930-994AD), with the Latinized name ...
Pasipoularides Ares A Department of Surgery, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Galen (129-217) was the ultimate authority on all medical subjects for 15centuries. His anatomical/physiological concepts remained unchallenged until well into the 17th century. He wrote over 600 treatises, of which less than one-third exist today. The Galenic corpus is stupendous in magnitude; the index of word-entries in it contains 1300 ...
Devisch Ignaas I Department of Medical Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, - - 2014
In medicine and in clinical practice, autonomy is opposed to heteronomy or paternalism. While autonomy comes down to free choice, independence or self-fulfillment, heteronomy or paternalism are associated with restraints from outside, lack of free choice or dependence. Despite several mediating concepts such as relational autonomy, this opposition stands firm ...
Cardinal-Fernández Pablo P Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Madrid, España; CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Madrid, - - 2014
Most respiratory diseases are considered complex diseases as their susceptibility and outcomes are determined by the interaction between host-dependent factors (genetic factors, comorbidities, etc.) and environmental factors (exposure to microorganisms or allergens, treatments received, etc.) The reductionist approach in the study of diseases has been of fundamental importance for the ...
Goihman-Yahr Mauricio - - 2014
The History of Medicine and of Dermatology tends to analyze what happened in these disciplines in a given time and place. Contributions of relevant leaders are studied carefully, and their appropriate value to knowledge is determined. This is fundamental to understanding present knowledge and what might be expected in the ...
Palliyaguru Roshani - - 2014
As a result of the increase in natural disaster losses, policy-makers, practitioners, and members of the research community around the world are seeking effective and efficient means of overcoming or minimising them. Although various theoretical constructs are beneficial to understanding the disaster phenomenon and the means of minimising losses, the ...
Bryson Stephanie A SA a School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas , Lawrence , Kansas , - - 2014
A growing implementation literature outlines broad evidence-based practice implementation principles and pitfalls. Less robust is knowledge about the real-world process by which a state or agency chooses an evidence-based practice to implement and evaluate. Using a major U.S. initiative to reduce long-term foster care as the case, this article describes ...
van Wichelen Sonja S a Institute for Culture and Society , University of Western Sydney , Penrith , New South Wales , - - 2014
This article focuses on adoption medicine as a subject of scientific knowledge that increasingly defines the parameters of adoptability in the world of international adoption. While this biomedical discourse alludes to the health of adoptee bodies, it also constitutes ethico-moral practices that produce new justificatory regimes of adoption in particular ...
Yakubo S S Committee for Terminology and Classification, Japan Society for Oriental Medicine, 1-9-18 Kaigan, Minato-ku, Tokya 105-0022, - - 2014
Pattern classification is very unique in traditional medicine. Kampo medical patterns have transformed over time during Japan's history. In the 17th to 18th centuries, Japanese doctors advocated elimination of the Ming medical theory and followed the basic concepts put forth by Shang Han Lun and Jin Gui Yao Lue in ...
Chamsi-Pasha Mohammed A R MA Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2014
Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna, was the most famous and influential of all the Islamic philosopher-scientists. His most important medical works are the Canon of Medicine medical encyclopedia and a treatise on cardiac drugs. His Canon of Medicine remained the standard text in both the East and ...
Neto João Cabas JC Clinica Aleixo Neto, Rua Aleixo Netto 1666, Praia do Canto, Vitoria, Espírito Santo, CEP 29055-260, Brazil, - - 2013
Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
Pilecki Brian - - 2013
This special series is devoted to understanding the theory-practice gap in cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). Although CBT enjoys considerable empirical support, and is widely recognized as an efficacious approach to a diversity of psychiatric disorders and includes many different forms of treatment, it is unclear whether clinicians are familiar with the ...
Zhao X L XL Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Biotechnology Center, Ji'nan, Shandong, - - 2013
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) developed based on ancient Chinese philosophy. Its characteristics include abstract theories, fuzzy concepts, subjective diagnostic methods and it lacks clarity, and rigor as well as vindication from modern sciences, which makes development of TCM remain stagnant. Thus, how to free the theory of TCM from heavy ...
Han Sun-Hee SH Department of the History of Medicine and Medical Humanities, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2013
This paper deals with Pavlov theory in North Korea in the late 1950s, focusing on its role in ideological struggle in medicine and in reinterpretation of traditional medicine. In North Korean Ministry of Health found Pavlov theory to have rich resources which could be used in the construction of the ...
Rhee Kee-Baek KB University College, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, - - 2013
This paper aims to show Empedocles' influence on Hippocratic medicine through the analysis of two Hippocratic writings, i.e. On Ancient Medicine(AM) and On the Nature of Man(NM). I think that the author of AM criticizes philosophical physicians or natural philosophers, especially Empedocles, that at least Empedoclean philosophy is not necessary ...
Rees Jonathan - - 2013
Evidence-based medicine is a redundant term to the extent that doctors have always claimed they practiced medicine on the basis of evidence. They have, however, disagreed about what exactly constitutes legitimate evidence and how to synthesize the totality of evidence in a way that supports clinical action. Despite claims to ...
Maggiora Gerald M - - 2013
Similarity is a subjective and multi-faceted concept, regardless of whether compounds or any other objects are considered. Despite its intrinsically subjective nature, attempts to quantify the similarity of compounds have a long history in chemical informatics and drug discovery. Many computational methods employ similarity measures to identify new compounds for ...
Strand Anders - - 2013
In Causation and evidence-based practice: an ontological review, Kerry et al. argue that evidence-based practice (EBP) should revise its understanding of causation, and take on board a dispositionalist ontology. We point out that the challenges from complexity discussed by Kerry et al., are not properly addressed by their proposed ontology. ...
Kumar Anita - - 2013
Discursive approaches to subjectivity have been critiqued most recently for its dismissal of a living body that moves and senses. While identity as performative has proven invaluable to contemporary cultural theory for its dynamic conceptualization of power in everyday practice, the emergence of what some scholars have named an "affective ...
Kolch Walter - - 2013
Galileo Galilei is widely regarded as the father of modern science, introducing rigorous experimentation as foundation of science and departing from the reliance on theology and philosophy. This revolution of thought and method was followed by waves of technological innovations that enabled us to dissect natural phenomena into ever deeper ...
Goodhart Anna - - 2013
Modern songs, films, novels and daily speech often use heart imagery to illustrate 'inner self' experiences, such as deeply felt emotions. Where do these ideas come from and what relevance (if any) do they have for medicine today? This article explores some of the key origins and periods of development ...
Khushf George - - 2013
What clinicians, biomedical scientists, and other health care professionals know as individuals or as groups and how they come to know and use knowledge are central concerns of medical epistemology. Activities associated with knowledge production and use are called epistemic practices. Such practices are considered in biomedical and clinical literatures, ...
Gu Peiqin - - 2013
Motivation: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is gaining increasing attention with the emergence of integrative medicine and personalized medicine, characterized by pattern differentiation on individual variance and treatments based on natural herbal synergism. Investigating the effectiveness and safety of the potential mechanisms of TCM and the combination principles of drug therapies ...
Lewis Adam M AM a Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations , The University of Iowa , Iowa City , Iowa , - - 2014
Existential psychotherapy and Terror Management Theory (TMT) offer explanations for the potential psychological effects of death awareness, although their respective literatures bases differ in clarity, research, and implications for treating psychopathology. Existential therapy is often opaque to many therapists, in part due to the lack of consensus on what constitutes ...
Heller Richard E RE - - 2013
Whether a doctor, professional baseball manager, or a politician, having successful negotiation skills is a critical part of being a leader. Building upon prior journal articles on negotiation strategy, the author presents the concept of the multiple equivalent simultaneous offer (MESO). The concept of a MESO is straightforward: as opposed ...
Colman Warren - - 2013
This paper traces the similarities between the cluster of influences that informed my own training and practice as a British developmental Jungian analyst and those that led to the creation of intersubjective and relational analysis in America. Having outlined five main themes of relational analysis, I show how these were ...
Niemeyer Kathryn - - 2013
Traditional knowledge of Western herbal medicine (WHM) supports experiential approaches to healing that have evolved over time. This is evident in the use of polyherb formulations comprised of crude plant parts, individually tailored to treat the cause of dysfunction and imbalance by addressing the whole person holistically. The challenge for ...
Schitter Agnes Maria - - 2013
In recent years research investigating various health benefits of Taiji practice has markedly increased. Despite this growing scientific interest, essential questions such as to what extent a Taiji course may exert noticeable effects in participants' everyday life, what these effects are, and how and where potential transfer effects occur, have ...
Smith Hannah - - 2013
Throughout my midwifery programme I have developed a passion for the use of pinards; a skill that may be lost within midwifery. It is often acknowledged that the use of pinard stethoscopes prior to the use of electronic devices is best practice (Royal College of Midwives (RCM) 2012), yet it ...
Moody Raymond A - - 2013
Near-death experiences are an ancient and very common phenomenon that spans from ancient philosophy, religion and healing to the most modern clinical practice of medicine. Probably we are not much closer to an ultimate explanation of NDEs than were early thinkers like Plato and Democritus. Puzzling cases of near-death experiences ...
Long Xiao - - 2013
Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
Lücking Ulrich - - 2013
Innovation has frequently been described as the key to drug discovery. However, in the daily routine, medicinal chemists often tend to stick to the functional groups and structural elements they know and love. Blockbuster cancer drug Velcade (bortezomib), for example, was rejected by more than 50 companies, supposedly because of ...
Thomson Oliver P - - 2013
How practitioners conceive clinical practice influences many aspects of their clinical work including how they view knowledge, clinical decision-making, and their actions. Osteopaths have relied upon the philosophical and theoretical foundations upon which the profession was built to guide clinical practice. However, it is currently unknown how osteopaths conceive clinical ...
Farley Rebecca - - 2013
'Good judgment comes from experience; experience comes from bad judgment'. This aphorism was attributed to Dr Kerr L White. It makes sense. The physician who exercises bad judgement and makes poor decisions is likely to experience more disease, more complications and, through those experiences, hopefully develop better judgement. Unfortunately, when ...
Kidd Ian James - - 2013
This paper is a critique of 'integrative medicine' as an ideal of medical progress on the grounds that it fails to realise the cognitive value of alternative medicine. After a brief account of the cognitive value of alternative medicine, I outline the form of 'integrative medicine' defended by the late ...
Hanley Adam - - 2013
By enhancing positive affect and cognitive flexibility, mindfulness practice may promote reappraisal of stressors. We hypothesized that coping through mindful reappraisal would be common among mindfulness practitioners from an array of traditions. A sample of 118 meditation practitioners completed an online survey comprising assessments of the prevalence and frequency of ...
Champaneria Manish C - - 2013
Sushruta is considered the "Father of Plastic Surgery." He lived in India sometime between 1000 and 800 BC, and is responsible for the advancement of medicine in ancient India. His teaching of anatomy, pathophysiology, and therapeutic strategies were of unparalleled luminosity, especially considering his time in the historical record. He ...
Parissis Haralabos - - 2013
Routine and protocols in our daily practice provide us safety and standardization. However the current knowledge is changing fast and protocols are there to be challenged. This article aims to outline the fine line between skepticism and "constant unbiased interpretation" of the new coming quidelines; the article also suggests a ...
Upshur Ross E G - - 2013
Probability claims are ubiquitous in clinical medicine, yet exactly how clinical events relate to interpretations of probability has been not been well explored. This brief essay examines the major interpretations of probability and how these interpretations may account for the probabilistic nature of clinical events. It is argued that there ...
Muckart D J J DJ Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2013
Evidence-based medicine has been defined as 'The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.' There are two major assumptions in this statement. First, it is assumed that the evidence is in fact the best. Unfortunately this is not necessarily ...
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