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Small Kevin K Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical College, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
The goal of evidence-based medicine (EBM) is for health-care professionals to incorporate existing medical evidence into clinical practice to achieve the greatest possible outcomes. The theory of EBM has been employed since the 11th century and has evolved dramatically into the modern application used by practicing physicians today. There are ...
Upshur Ross E G RE Department of Family and Community Medicine, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Primary Care Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Clinical Public Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Clinical Research in Complexity Services, Bridgepoint Active Healthcare, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
In this essay, I respond to the critique of my work by Professor Miles Little.
Praestegaard Jeanette J Division of Physiotherapy, Health Sciences Centre, Lund University , Lund , Sweden - - 2014
Abstract In many Western countries, physiotherapy in a private context is practiced and managed within a neoliberal ideology. Little is known about how private physiotherapeutic practice functions, which is why this study aims to explore how physiotherapy is practiced from the perspective of physiotherapists in Danish private practice, within a ...
Beausoleil Nj N a Animal Welfare Science and Bioethics Centre, Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University , Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North , 4442 , New - - 2014
Abstract Breathlessness is a negative affective experience relating to respiration, the animal welfare significance of which has largely been underestimated in the veterinary and animal welfare sciences. In this review, we draw attention to the negative impact that breathlessness can have on the welfare of individual animals and to the ...
Barr Justin J Section of the History of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lauded alike by ancient civilizations and modern society, pharaonic Egyptian medicine remains an object of fascination today. This article discusses its surprisingly sophisticated understanding of a cardiovascular system. The term "cardiovascular system," however, carries assumptions and meanings to a modern audience, especially readers of this journal, which simply do not ...
Clemens Norman A - - 2014
Despite the birth of psychoanalysis in neurology, modern psychoanalysis and modern medicine seem to have drifted apart. The author explores how and why this has taken place and what its effects may be. Yet the core principles of both medicine and psychoanalysis remain intertwined and vital to both, and the ...
Kerry Roger R Division of Physiotherapy Education, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Strand and Parkkinen criticize our dispositional account of causation in evidence-based medicine for failing to provide a proper epistemology of causal knowledge. In particular, they claim that we do not explain how causal inferences should be drawn. In response, we point out that dispositionalism does indeed have an account of ...
van Twillert Sacha S S. van Twillert, PT, MSc, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Rehabilitation, University of Groningen, Haren, the - - 2014
In improvement of clinical practice unidirectional approaches of translating evidence into clinical practices have been pinpointed as main obstacles. The concept of engaged scholarship has been introduced to guide Knowledge-to-Action (KTA) processes, in which research knowledge and practical knowledge derived from therapists, patients and organizational structures mutually inform each other. ...
Maeda Yasuko Y Department of Surgery and Sir Alan Parks Physiology Unit, St. Mark's Hospital, Harrow, UK, HA1 - - 2014
We read the consensus statement by Mercer-Jones et al. with interest. Whilst we appreciate the authors' efforts to formulate practical recommendations for laparoscopic ventral rectopexy, there are some issues that warrant highlighting. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Harlow Warren W Central Queensland University Australia, Centre for Mental Health Nursing Innovation and School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rockhampton, Australia , and Gold Coast Alcohol and Other Drugs - - 2014
Access to opioid replacement therapy is a problem in some parts of Australia and it is not known how clinicians respond to this situation. The aim of this study is to develop a conceptual understanding of how clinicians apply clinical judgements in managing access to treatment. Grounded theory methodology was ...
Lederman Muriel M Biological Sciences and the Women's and Gender Studies Program, emerita, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 24061, USA, - - 2014
This essay recognizes that the interactions that define medical care are problematic and that narrative is invoked to overcome these strains. Being grounded in science, medicine, too, might be influenced by a particular world-view that arose in the natural philosophy of the Scientific Revolution. If narrative responds to this sort ...
Eric E E University College London Medical School, London, - - 2014
It is an interesting quirk of medical history that the legacy of Norman Barrett most ostensibly lies in the name of a disease the he was quite emphatically wrong about, at least when he first described it. Indeed, there are those who argue to remove the eponym in favour of ...
Svenaeus Fredrik F Department of Philosophy, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge, Södertörn University, 141 89, Huddinge, Sweden, - - 2014
This article is an introduction to a thematic section on the phenomenology of empathy in medicine, attempting to provide an expose of the field. It also provides introductions to the individual articles of the thematic section.
Mebius Alexander A Department of Philosophy and History of Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, - - 2014
Proponents of evidence-based medicine (EBM) have argued convincingly for applying this scientific method to medicine. However, the current methodological framework of the EBM movement has recently been called into question, especially in epidemiology and the philosophy of science. The debate has focused on whether the methodology of randomized controlled trials ...
Schmidt Josef M JM Institute of Ethics, History, and Theory of Medicine, University of Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conventional sciences have brought forth a wealth of knowledge and benefits, but they have not always been clear and precise about their legitimate scope and methodological limitations. In contrast, new and critical approaches in modern sciences question and reflect their own presuppositions, dependencies, and constraints. Examples are quantum physics, theory ...
Arnold M H MH Northern Clinical School, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Centre for Values, Ethics and the Law in Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Rheumatology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Placebo and nocebo effects are often regarded by clinicians as either a quaint reminiscence from the pre-therapeutic era, or simply as a technique for establishing the efficacy of therapeutic interventions within the locus of evidence-based practice. However, neither of these explanations sufficiently account for their complexity or their persistence and ...
Kulish Nancy N Adjunct Professors in the Department of Psychiatry at Wayne State Medical School, Detroit, - - 2014
Much has changed in clinical practice and theory that bears on the diagnosis and treatment of perversion since Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905). Definitions of perversion have been freed from assumptions of a heterosexual normality and from moralistic interpretations. The authors endorse the current emphasis on ...
Palma Pietro P The Face Clinic, Milan, - - 2014
Advancements in surgical techniques and improvements in clinical practice inevitably lag behind scientific progress and peer-led opinion. The rapid rise and fall in the popularity of rhinoplasty techniques makes scientific evidence-gathering and education a daunting task. Students of rhinoplasty face a long and steep learning curve, and need to acquire ...
Papavasiliou Evangelia Evie EE International Observatory on End of Life Care, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YT, UK, - - 2014
End-of-life sedation, though increasingly prevalent and widespread internationally, remains one of the most highly debated medical practices in the context of palliative medicine. This qualitative study aims to elicit and record the perspectives of leading international palliative care experts on current debates. Twenty-one professionals from diverse backgrounds, sharing field-specific knowledge/expertise ...
Cervellin Gianfranco G Emergency Department, Academic Hospital of Parma, Via Gramsci, 14, 43126, Parma, Italy, - - 2014
Clinical judgment is a foundation of medical practice and lies at the heart of a physician's knowledge, expertise and skill. Although clinical judgment is an active part of all medical fields, thus including diagnosis and therapy, communication and decision making, it is still poorly defined. It can be considered a ...
Baker Edward N EN School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland , Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New - - 2014
Biological crystallography has never been more vibrant. Celebrating this, IUCrJ invites high-impact papers from across the whole spectrum of structural biology and medicine.
Karagiannis Tom C TC Epigenomic Medicine, BakerIDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, 3004, Vic, Australia 75 Commercial Road, Melbourne. Department of Pathology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3052, Vic, Australia. - - 2014
At a time when superstition and deities were thought to be responsible for health and disease, Hippocrates of Kos emerged as a rational thinker assigning disease to natural causes. His insights, which principally arose from what may be considered almost compulsive examination and comparison, formed the basis of Hippocratic Medicine. ...
Reach G G Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Avicenne Hospital, AP-HP, EA 3412, CRNH-IdF, University Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 125, route de Stalingrad, 93000 Bobigny, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Doctors often do not follow the guidelines of good practice based on evidence-based medicine, and this "clinical inertia" may represent an impediment to efficient care. The aims of this article are as follows: 1) to demonstrate that this phenomenon is often the consequence of a discrepancy between the technical rationality ...
Price David D 1 Academic Primary Care, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2014
Observational studies and pragmatic trials can complement classical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) by providing data more relevant to the circumstances under which medicine is routinely practiced, thereby providing practical guidance for clinicians. The bearing of RCT findings on day-to-day practice can be weighted and the data more meaningfully interpreted by ...
Ershadifar Tabassom T Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Palpitation is a sign of a disease and is very common in general population. For this purpose we decided to explain it in this study. The purpose of this study was to describe the palpitation in both modern and traditional medicine aspect. It may help us to diagnose and cure ...
Rudestam Kirsten K Center for Global, International and Regional Studies/Politics Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, Merrill Faculty Services 1056 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA, - - 2014
Groundwater is a vital resource in California, and the concept of "sustainable yield" is an attempt to determine a metric that can ensure the long-term resilience of groundwater systems. However, its meaning is ambiguous and quantification is challenging. To provide insight into developing a working definition that encompasses the inherent ...
Soler Joaquim J Department of Psychiatry, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain ; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica- Sant Pau (IIB-SANT PAU), Barcelona, - - 2014
Mindfulness has been described as an inherent human capability that can be learned and trained, and its improvement has been associated with better health outcomes in both medicine and psychology. Although the role of practice is central to most mindfulness programs, practice-related improvements in mindfulness skills is not consistently reported ...
Dalfardi Behnam B Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.; Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Persian scholars, especially those who lived during the Golden Age of Islamic Medicine (9th-12th century AD), made significant contributions to the healing arts and secured a place of honor for themselves in the history of this science. Abū l-Ḥasan Alī ibn al-'Abbās al-Majūsī Ahvazi (? 930-994AD), with the Latinized name ...
Pasipoularides Ares A Department of Surgery, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Galen (129-217) was the ultimate authority on all medical subjects for 15centuries. His anatomical/physiological concepts remained unchallenged until well into the 17th century. He wrote over 600 treatises, of which less than one-third exist today. The Galenic corpus is stupendous in magnitude; the index of word-entries in it contains 1300 ...
Devisch Ignaas I Department of Medical Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, - - 2014
In medicine and in clinical practice, autonomy is opposed to heteronomy or paternalism. While autonomy comes down to free choice, independence or self-fulfillment, heteronomy or paternalism are associated with restraints from outside, lack of free choice or dependence. Despite several mediating concepts such as relational autonomy, this opposition stands firm ...
Cardinal-Fernández Pablo P Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario de Getafe, Madrid, España; CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Madrid, - - 2014
Most respiratory diseases are considered complex diseases as their susceptibility and outcomes are determined by the interaction between host-dependent factors (genetic factors, comorbidities, etc.) and environmental factors (exposure to microorganisms or allergens, treatments received, etc.) The reductionist approach in the study of diseases has been of fundamental importance for the ...
Goihman-Yahr Mauricio - - 2014
The History of Medicine and of Dermatology tends to analyze what happened in these disciplines in a given time and place. Contributions of relevant leaders are studied carefully, and their appropriate value to knowledge is determined. This is fundamental to understanding present knowledge and what might be expected in the ...
Palliyaguru Roshani - - 2014
As a result of the increase in natural disaster losses, policy-makers, practitioners, and members of the research community around the world are seeking effective and efficient means of overcoming or minimising them. Although various theoretical constructs are beneficial to understanding the disaster phenomenon and the means of minimising losses, the ...
Bryson Stephanie A SA a School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas , Lawrence , Kansas , - - 2014
A growing implementation literature outlines broad evidence-based practice implementation principles and pitfalls. Less robust is knowledge about the real-world process by which a state or agency chooses an evidence-based practice to implement and evaluate. Using a major U.S. initiative to reduce long-term foster care as the case, this article describes ...
van Wichelen Sonja S a Institute for Culture and Society , University of Western Sydney , Penrith , New South Wales , - - 2014
This article focuses on adoption medicine as a subject of scientific knowledge that increasingly defines the parameters of adoptability in the world of international adoption. While this biomedical discourse alludes to the health of adoptee bodies, it also constitutes ethico-moral practices that produce new justificatory regimes of adoption in particular ...
Schmalzl Laura L Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA, USA ; VA San Diego Healthcare System La Jolla, CA, - - 2014
Over the past decades, cognitive neuroscience has witnessed a shift from predominantly disembodied and computational views of the mind, to more embodied and situated views of the mind. These postulate that mental functions cannot be fully understood without reference to the physical body and the environment in which they are ...
Aujoulat Isabelle I Université Catholique de Louvain, Institute of Health and Society, - - 2014
Failure to initiate or intensify therapy according to evidence-based guidelines is increasingly being acknowledged as a phenomenon that contributes to inadequate management of chronic conditions, and is referred to as clinical inertia. However, the number and complexity of factors associated with the clinical reasoning that underlies the decision-making processes in ...
Chamsi-Pasha Mohammed A R MA Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2014
Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna, was the most famous and influential of all the Islamic philosopher-scientists. His most important medical works are the Canon of Medicine medical encyclopedia and a treatise on cardiac drugs. His Canon of Medicine remained the standard text in both the East and ...
Yakubo S S Committee for Terminology and Classification, Japan Society for Oriental Medicine, 1-9-18 Kaigan, Minato-ku, Tokya 105-0022, - - 2014
Pattern classification is very unique in traditional medicine. Kampo medical patterns have transformed over time during Japan's history. In the 17th to 18th centuries, Japanese doctors advocated elimination of the Ming medical theory and followed the basic concepts put forth by Shang Han Lun and Jin Gui Yao Lue in ...
Neto João Cabas JC Clinica Aleixo Neto, Rua Aleixo Netto 1666, Praia do Canto, Vitoria, Espírito Santo, CEP 29055-260, Brazil, - - 2013
Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .
Pilecki Brian - - 2013
This special series is devoted to understanding the theory-practice gap in cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). Although CBT enjoys considerable empirical support, and is widely recognized as an efficacious approach to a diversity of psychiatric disorders and includes many different forms of treatment, it is unclear whether clinicians are familiar with the ...
Zhao X L XL Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Biotechnology Center, Ji'nan, Shandong, - - 2013
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) developed based on ancient Chinese philosophy. Its characteristics include abstract theories, fuzzy concepts, subjective diagnostic methods and it lacks clarity, and rigor as well as vindication from modern sciences, which makes development of TCM remain stagnant. Thus, how to free the theory of TCM from heavy ...
Han Sun-Hee SH Department of the History of Medicine and Medical Humanities, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2013
This paper deals with Pavlov theory in North Korea in the late 1950s, focusing on its role in ideological struggle in medicine and in reinterpretation of traditional medicine. In North Korean Ministry of Health found Pavlov theory to have rich resources which could be used in the construction of the ...
Rhee Kee-Baek KB University College, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, - - 2013
This paper aims to show Empedocles' influence on Hippocratic medicine through the analysis of two Hippocratic writings, i.e. On Ancient Medicine(AM) and On the Nature of Man(NM). I think that the author of AM criticizes philosophical physicians or natural philosophers, especially Empedocles, that at least Empedoclean philosophy is not necessary ...
Aung Steven K H SK College of Integrated Medicine , Edmonton, Alberta, Canada - - 2013
Background: Integrative medicine is becoming increasingly accepted in the global scheme of health care. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is often included among integrative medicine modalities. Objective: This article provides a background for integration of acupuncture and other TCM-derived approaches to managing psychiatric conditions. Methods: Classical theories of TCM that pertain ...
Rees Jonathan - - 2013
Evidence-based medicine is a redundant term to the extent that doctors have always claimed they practiced medicine on the basis of evidence. They have, however, disagreed about what exactly constitutes legitimate evidence and how to synthesize the totality of evidence in a way that supports clinical action. Despite claims to ...
Buckholtz Rhonda - - 2013
There are many unknowns right now with the implementation of ICD-10-CM. However, tackling a few obstacles early on along with a keen sense of ICD-10 awareness will put you ahead of the game and able to continue on after October 1, 2014. Waiting until the last minute in hopes of ...
Maggiora Gerald M - - 2013
Similarity is a subjective and multi-faceted concept, regardless of whether compounds or any other objects are considered. Despite its intrinsically subjective nature, attempts to quantify the similarity of compounds have a long history in chemical informatics and drug discovery. Many computational methods employ similarity measures to identify new compounds for ...
Strand Anders - - 2013
In Causation and evidence-based practice: an ontological review, Kerry et al. argue that evidence-based practice (EBP) should revise its understanding of causation, and take on board a dispositionalist ontology. We point out that the challenges from complexity discussed by Kerry et al., are not properly addressed by their proposed ontology. ...
Kumar Anita - - 2013
Discursive approaches to subjectivity have been critiqued most recently for its dismissal of a living body that moves and senses. While identity as performative has proven invaluable to contemporary cultural theory for its dynamic conceptualization of power in everyday practice, the emergence of what some scholars have named an "affective ...
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