Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 252
1 2 3 4 5 6 >
Massin Sophie - - 2012
This article aims to help resolve the apparent paradox of producers of addictive goods who claim to be socially responsible while marketing a product clearly identified as harmful. It advances that reputation effects are crucial in this issue and that determining whether harm reduction practices are costly or profitable for ...
Havas Karyn A - - 2012
CONTEXT: Brucellosis is endemic in the country of Georgia, with the highest incidence of disease in the east of Georgia, in the Kakheti region - which is also home to the majority of sheep and a large portion of the national cattle herd (two species that are natural hosts of ...
Wong Wendy W - - 2012
The utilization of complementary and alternative medicine has increased tremendously in the last two decades. Herbal products, homeopathic medicines, and dietary supplements are extremely popular and are available without a prescription (which likely contributes to their popularity). Despite their "natural" characteristics, these remedies have the potential to cause bleeding in ...
Fan Tai-Ping - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: GP-TCM is the first EU-funded Coordination Action consortium dedicated to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. One of the key deliverables of the Work-Package 7 in GP-TCM was to investigate information of the existing requirements for registration of TCM products listed by global regulatory bodies. The paper aims ...
Nielsen T D - - 2012
Studies reporting on how to control Salmonella in cattle herds have mainly been theoretical simulation models or case reports describing control of clinical salmonellosis outbreaks. The objective of this observational study was to investigate which management routines were associated with successful control of Salmonella Dublin in calves in dairy herds ...
Kargo M - - 2012
The economic benefit of crossbreeding has been well known for many years within dairy production. However, in most countries with an intensive dairy production, an extended use of systematic crossbreeding has not occurred. This may be due to the myth that heterosis is expressed mainly in low-producing herds. The aim ...
Heinrichs Jan-Hendrik - - 2012
Non-invasive brain stimulation promises innovative experimental possibilities for psychology and neuroscience as well as new therapeutic and palliative measures in medicine. Because of its good risk-benefit ratio, non-invasiveness and reversibility as well as its low effort and cost it has good chances of becoming a widespread tool in science, medicine ...
Wang Qinggui - - 2012
Beauvericin is a cyclic hexadepsipeptide mycotoxin, which has insecticidal, antimicrobial, antiviral and cytotoxic activities. It is a potential agent for pesticides and medicines. This paper reviews the bioactivity, fermentation and biosynthesis of the fungal product beauvericin.
de Oliveira Luciana Aparecida - - 2012
The furniture ergonomic evaluation was carried out through the use of questionnaires and forms in industries. For the ergonomic product analysis, it was used the methodology "Object Ergonomics - Ergonomic System Technical Reading" (design goals and management actions), and measurements of products. The values achieved were compared with the standard ...
Jiang Hong - - 2012
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as a therapy and preventative care measure for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) may prove to be beneficial when used in conjunction with or in place of conventional medicine. However, the lack of understanding of a mechanism of action of many CAMs limits their ...
Klug Bettina - - 2012
Taking into account the complexity and technical specificity of advanced therapy medicinal products: (gene and cell therapy medicinal products and tissue engineered products), a dedicated European regulatory framework was needed. Regulation (EC) No. 1394/2007, the "ATMP Regulation" provides tailored regulatory principles for the evaluation and authorization of these innovative medicines. ...
Romano M - - 2012
Natural medicinal products have been used for millennia for the treatment of several ailments. Although many have been superseded by conventional pharmaceutical approaches, there is currently a resurgence in the interest in natural products by the general public and the use of complementary and alternative medicine is increasing rapidly in ...
McPhee Derek J - - 2012
Molecules start to institute the "Best Paper" award to recognize these outstanding papers in the area of natural products, medicinal chemistry and molecular diversity published in Molecules. We are pleased to announce the first "Molecules Best Paper Award" for 2012. Nominations were selected by the editor-in-chief and selected editorial board ...
- - 2012
The Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations works towards clear, independent and practical standards and guidelines for the quality assurance of medicines. Standards are developed by the Committee through worldwide consultation and an international consensus-building process. The following new guidelines were adopted and recommended for use: Development of monographs ...
Gluud Christian - - 2012
In order to facilitate multinational clinical research, regulatory requirements need to become international and harmonised. The EU introduced the Directive 2001/20/EC in 2004, regulating investigational medicinal products in Europe. We conducted a survey in order to identify the national regulatory requirements for major categories of clinical research in ten European ...
Van Wilder Philippe - - 2012
The market authorization procedure for medicinal products for human use is relying on their demonstrated efficacy, safety, and pharmaceutical quality. This applies to all medicinal products whether of chemical or biological origin. Since October 2009, the first advanced therapy medicinal product (ATMP) has been authorized through the centralized procedure. ATMPs ...
Ancans Janis - - 2012
Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs), including cell therapy products, form a new class of medicines in the European Union. Since the ATMPs are at the forefront of scientific innovation in medicine, specific regulatory framework has been developed for these medicines and implemented from 2009. The Committee for Advanced Therapies (CAT) ...
Hackett Allan - - 2012
Many products claiming to promote weight loss are freely available to purchase over the counter and are used by a substantial proportion of the population in many countries, who are often seeking rapid weight loss without long-term lifestyle changes. While there are multiple outlets for these products, surveys in England ...
Zhang Junhua - - 2012
The popularity of herbal medicines has risen worldwide. This increase in usage renders safety issues important. Many adverse events of herbal medicines can be attributed to the poor quality of the raw materials or the finished products. Different types of herbal medicines are associated with different problems. Quality issues of ...
Numerato Dino - - 2011
In the last three decades, medical doctors have increasingly been exposed to management control measures. This phenomenon has been reflected in a number of studies in various disciplines, including sociology, organisation studies, management, and health service research. This article seeks to provide a comprehensive overview of the studies dealing with ...
Ogwang P E - - 2011
Medicinal plants in Uganda and other developing countries have been scientifically demonstrated to have medicinal benefits but few or none have been translated to products for clinical use. Most herbal products developed by local herbalists and sold to the public are not standardized and lack efficacy and safety data to ...
Kupsch Andreas - - 2011
Early postoperative management in deep brain stimulation-treated patients with dystonia differs from that of patients with essential tremor and Parkinson's disease, mainly due to the usually delayed effects of deep brain stimulation and the heterogenous clinical manifestation and etiologies of dystonia. The present chapter summarizes the available data about and ...
Townsend Timothy G - - 2011
Issues surrounding the impact and management of discarded or waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) have received increasing attention in recent years. This attention stems from the growing quantity and diversity of electronic and electrical equipment (EEE) used by modern society, the increasingly rapid turnover of EEE with the accompanying ...
Mandal Manisha Deb - - 2011
Indeed, medicinal importance of honey has been documented in the world's oldest medical literatures, and since the ancient times, it has been known to possess antimicrobial property as well as wound-healing activity. The healing property of honey is due to the fact that it offers antibacterial activity, maintains a moist ...
Eloff J N - - 2011
Three of the factors limiting the rational use of herbal medicine are uncertainty on effectivity, uncertainty on safety and variation in quality of the product. Because many herbal medicines have been used over centuries by indigenous peoples, the safety and effectivity is frequently not such a big concern. With more ...
Broemling Natasha - - 2011
This article reviews (a) risk factors and preoperative considerations of the patient with tracheoesophageal fistula, (b) anesthetic management, including (i) airway management, (ii) induction of anesthesia and monitoring and (iii) postoperative disposition, (c) considerations for concomitant congenital heart disease, (d) considerations for thoracoscopic repair and (e) long-term outcomes and considerations ...
Ciofetta G - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux represents a physiological phenomenon in the first year of life. The reflux associated with clinical complications is defined as "gastroesophageal reflux disease" (GERD), that may be esophageal or extra-esophageal, as is for respiratory problems. Nuclear medicine investigations have given an important contribution to the diagnostic assessment and therapeutical ...
Gogia P - - 2010
In recent years successful bronchoscopic management of bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs) by locating its site and then blocking the leaking segment with any of the several agents available has gained recognition. It is now considered as an alternate mode of management of BPF. Here we present a case of non-resolving pneumothorax ...
Ross Andrew S - - 2010
Although the common indications for therapeutic pancreatic endoscopy - management of ductal strictures and calculi - have remained constants, the last decade has witnessed the emergence of several new endoscopic techniques for managing pancreatic disorders. While many of the advances in therapeutic pancreatic endoscopy have paralleled the shift of endoscopic ...
Yoo Kyo-Sang - - 2010
Bile duct stone management has greatly changed in the past 2 decades. Open surgical techniques have mostly been replaced by transoral endoscopic techniques. Routine common bile duct stones can be managed by standard biliary endoscopic sphincterotomy and extraction. Various advanced transoral techniques can also manage most difficult ductal stones. In ...
Lojko Natalia - - 2010
The rules governing the manufacture and trade in medicinal products in the European Union are, to a large extent, harmonized covering almost the entire life cycle of a medicinal product, starting from the conduct of clinical trials (Directive 2001/20, 2005/28), through manufacture (Directive 2003/94), registration, distribution and pharmacovigilance (Directive 2001/83) ...
Shin Ji Hoon - - 2010
An esophagorespiratory fistula (ERF) is an often fatal consequence of esophageal or bronchogenic carcinomas. The preferred treatment is placement of esophageal and/or airway stents. Stent placement must be performed as quickly as possible since patients with ERFs are at a high risk for aspiration pneumonia. In this review, choice of ...
Sarkar Pralay - - 2010
The management of complex bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs) remains a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to all chest physicians. Successful management of a fistula revolves around treatment of the associated empyema cavity first. Definitive repair should be accomplished expeditiously to minimize the number of procedures performed. When treatment is protracted, secondary ...
González-Hernández Jessica - - 2010
Esophageal atresia is the most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus in newborns. This review article discusses the incidence, embryological classification, diagnosis and associated anomalies of esophageal atresia. Emphasis is placed in the current guidelines of standard surgical management of this congenital condition.
Katsinelos Panagiotis - - 2009
Management of giant pedunculated polyps can be a challenge for therapeutic endoscopists, mainly because such polyps are not found in commonplace and experience from their management is limited. We describe a novel use of endoclips that induces significant polyp volume reduction, thereby facilitating the endoscopic removal of giant pedunculated polyps.
Walker Robert W M - - 2009
This article looks at the current techniques and equipment recommended for the management of the difficult intubation scenario in pediatric practice. We discuss the general considerations including preoperative preparation, the preferred anesthetic technique and the use of both rigid laryngoscopic and fiberoptic techniques for intubation. The unanticipated scenario is also ...
Tagawa Tsuyoshi - - 2009
Laryngotracheo-esophageal cleft is a rare congenital anomaly that occurs when the trachea and esophagus fail to separate during fetal development. Clinical severity varies greatly in anatomic cleft extent. We report the successful management of the airway of a neonate with type IV laryngotracheo-esophageal cleft for the gastric division surgery by ...
Choo Joseph C - - 2009
Chylothorax carries significant mortality and morbidity. Patients with high-output chylothorax have traditionally been managed by surgical treatment if nonoperative management has proved unsuccessful. Newer, more recent percutaneous techniques used to treat chylothorax are safer and less invasive than surgery. We present three cases that have been successfully managed using these ...
Okeke Claudia C CC - - 2009
The expansion of distibution pathways by emerging technologies has heightened the expectations of those involved in the area of drug storage and transportation. Medicines are now transported to remote areas of the world. Some of these medicines include HIV medications that may require refrigeration or special handling. Added to this, ...
Jain Prashant - - 2008
To review 12 cases of anovestibular fistula with normal anal opening. Retrospective analysis of 12 children with anovestibular fistula and normal anal opening were treated between the years 2000 and 2007. Of these, 11 patients were diagnosed as having acquired anovestibular fistula with normal anal opening and were managed by ...
Agarwal Dinesh K - - 2008
Laparoscopic assisted nephroureterectomy is a well established technique for managing the upper urinary tract urothelial cancer. However, management of the distal ureter remains a controversial issue. We describe a modified method of cystoscopic loop ligation and detachment of the distal ureter. We performed transperitoneal laparoscopic assisted nephroureterectomy in 13 patients. ...
Asabe Koushi - - 2008
This report documents a new endoscopic management modality for congenital membranous stenosis in the third portion of the duodenum. Standard approaches to duodenal stenosis in newborns include a laparotomy with an enteroenterostomy, bypassing the obstruction, or a duodenoduodenostomy with excision. We successfully developed a modification of the endoscopic treatment modality ...
Jong Y H - - 2008
Adenoidectomy is a common ENT procedure performed in hospitals in Malaysia. Adenoidectomy is indicated in patients with recurrent adenoiditis, nasal obstruction or sleep apnoea secondary to adenoid hypertrophy when conservative management has failed. Over the years, there are advances in the techniques of adenoidectomy, from the conventional transoral to endoscopic ...
Williams Steve K - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To focus on the technique and results of a single percutaneous puncture for the management of staghorn renal calculi. RECENT FINDINGS: The success rate for treating staghorn calculi with a single percutaneous puncture is over 90%. Animal and clinical studies seem to suggest that a single percutaneous ...
Creanga A A - - 2007
A high proportion of genitourinary fistulas have an obstetric origin. Obstetric fistulas are caused by prolonged obstructed labor coupled with a lack of medical attention. While successful management with prolonged bladder drainage has occasionally been reported, mature fistulas require formal operative repair, and it is crucial that the first repair ...
Nwose, PE; ;
No Abstract. <i> Nigrian Journal of Clinical Practice </i> Vol.9 (1) 2006: pp.84-86
Kelly J - - 2007
This article presents the reflections of an experienced fistula surgeon and an epidemiologist on the current knowledge base for obstetric fistula. The incidence, prevention, and management of vesico-vaginal and recto-vaginal fistula are discussed. The authors call for more randomized controlled trials to determine the effectiveness of surgical interventions for fistula ...
Fiorelli C - - 2007
We characterised the livestock-farming management strategies of multiple-job holders and identified which variables contributed most to the differentiation of these strategies. We hypothesised that they would mainly be differentiated by the contribution of the farming income to the total household income and the availability of the household members for farming. ...
Anderson Roland C - - 2007
Many predators face a complex step of prey preparation before consumption. Octopuses faced with bivalve prey use several techniques to penetrate the shells to gain access to the meat inside. When given prey of mussels Mytilus trossulus, Manila clams Venerupis philippinarum, and littleneck clams Protothaca staminea, Enteroctopus dofleini solved the ...
Guha Kaushik - - 2008
A 73-year-old former smoker with previous occupational exposure to asbestos presented with a pneumothorax that was initially managed by simple aspiration. Despite this, it re-accumulated and a bronchopleural fistula was suspected. A video-assisted thoracoscopic procedure was performed and revealed an abnormally thickened pleura that turned out to be a mesothelioma. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 >