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Hall Amanda M AM The George Institute for Global Health, Oxford Martin School, The University of Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom; School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify measures of adherence to non-pharmacological self-management treatments for chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) populations, and report on the measurement properties of identified measures. Five databases were searched for all study types that included a chronic MSK population, an unsupervised intervention and a measure of adherence. Two independent researchers reviewed all ...
Bermingham Margaret M Heart Failure Unit, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) patients may be at risk of prescription of potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) yet no disease-specific list is available to assess PIM use in this population. A Consensus Potentially Inappropriate Medicines in Heart Failure (PIMHF) list was developed, assessed, and compared with an established, general tool in an ...
Carr Sandra E SE The University of Western Australia , - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Preparing graduates for the role of the junior doctor is the aim of all medical schools. There has been limited published description of junior doctor performance in the workplace within Australia. Methods: This cohort study describes junior doctors' performance in the first postgraduate year, the influence of gender, ...
Piñero-López M Angeles MA Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacotherapy Unit, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII s/n, 08028, Barcelona, - - 2014
Package inserts that accompany medicines are a common source of information aimed at patients and should match patient abilities in terms of readability. Our objective was to determine the degree of readability of the package inserts for biological medicinal products commercially available in 2007 and compare them with the readability ...
Pandolfi Maurizio M University of Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors illustrate the difficulties involved in obtaining a valid statistical significance in clinical studies especially when the prior probability of the hypothesis under scrutiny is low. Since the prior probability of a research hypothesis is directly related to its scientific plausibility, the commonly used frequentist statistics, which does not ...
Furuya Shinichi S Department of Information and Communication Science, Sophia University, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extensive motor practice can reorganize movements of a redundant number of degrees of freedom (DOFs). Using principal component (PC) analysis, the present study characterized the movement reorganization of the hand that possesses a large number of DOFs during a course of practice. Five musically naïve individuals practiced to play a ...
Auffenberg Gregory B GB Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Urology. Electronic address: - - 2014
We retrospectively evaluated urologist adherence with the American Urological Association guidelines on the management of new patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) related lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in a large university urology group. All first-time BPH/LUTS visits to the urology clinic at the Northwestern Medical Faculty Foundation between 1/1/2008 ...
Zyoud Sa'ed H SH Poison Control and Drug Information Center (PCDIC), College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine, - - 2014
Parental concern about childhood fever and consequent use of antipyretics is increasing. Little is known about childhood fever management among Arab parents. No scales to measure parents' fever management practices in Palestine are available. The aim of this study was to validate the Arabic version of the Parent Fever Management ...
Valentine Melissa A MA Harvard Business School, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts2now with Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Physicians can demonstrate mastery of the knowledge that supports continued clinical competence by passing a maintenance of certification examination (MOCEX). Performance depends on professional learning and development, which may be enhanced by informal routine interactions with colleagues. Some physicians, such as those in solo practice, may have less opportunity ...
Granas Anne Gerd AG Department of Pharmacy and Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University College, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
The "Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire" (BMQ) assess balance of necessity and concern of medicines. The BMQ has been translated from English to many languages. However, the original meaning of statements, such as "My medicine is a mystery to me", may be lost in translation. The aim of this study is ...
Parmač Kovačić Maja M a Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences , University of Zagreb , - - 2014
This article presents 2 studies testing Paulhus's (2002) assumption that unconscious self-enhancement and conscious impression management represent separate processes of socially desirable responding (SDR) that can be observed within 2 content domains (egoistic and moralistic bias). In Study 1, we devised egoistic and moralistic SDR scales intended to measure self-enhancement ...
Kow Nathan N Cleveland Clinic , USA - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To measure surgical judgment across the Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN) continuum of practice and identify factors that correlate with improved surgical judgment. Methods: A 45-item written examination was developed using script concordance theory, which compares an examinee's responses to a series of "ill-defined" surgical scenarios to a reference ...
McGuire Alan B AB Health Services Research and Development, Richard L. Roudebush VAMC, Indianapolis, IN, USA; Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
The illness management and recovery scale-clinician version (IMRS-C) is a measure of outcomes thought to be important indicators of progress for consumers participating in illness management and recovery (IMR). Prior research has examined the psychometric properties of the IMRS-C; extant research supports certain aspects of the scale's reliability (test-retest) and ...
Murray Christopher W CW Astex Pharmaceuticals , 436 Cambridge Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0QA, - - 2014
A recent viewpoint article (Improving the plausibility of success with inefficient metrics. ACS Med. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 2-5) argued that the standard definition of ligand efficiency (LE) is mathematically invalid. In this viewpoint, we address this criticism and show categorically that the definition of LE is mathematically valid. LE ...
Kelly Maureen E ME National University of Ireland , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Background: Selection tools for medicine must achieve political validity and enjoy stakeholder acceptability. This qualitative study aimed to establish the perspectives of doctors, from various clinical specialities, on HPAT-Ireland, a new selection tool for undergraduate medical students. Methods: Fifteen doctors participated over three iterative cycles of recruitment, interviewing and ...
Bengtsson Ulrika U Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , - - 2014
Self-management support tools using technology may improve adherence to hypertension treatment. There is a need for user-friendly tools facilitating patients' understanding of the interconnections between blood pressure, wellbeing and lifestyle. This study aimed to examine comprehension, comprehensiveness and relevance of items, and further to evaluate the usability and reliability of ...
Sohn Dae Kyung DK Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, - - 2014
Several guidelines have been proposed for surveillance colonoscopy after polypectomy. However, some discrepancies still exist between the guidelines and clinical practice. This study was conducted to identify Korean doctors' recommendations for the colonoscopic surveillance interval after polypectomy. A survey of the attendees at the symposium of the 64th Annual Congress ...
Liu Yunxia Y Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xilu Road, Jinan, China, - - 2014
Chinese herbal medicines have been used for a long time to treat osteoporosis. The evidence of their benefits and harms needs to be systematically reviewed. To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of Chinese herbal medicines as a general experimental intervention for treating primary osteoporosis by comparing herbal treatments with ...
Izaguirre Marisa Rodriguez MR *Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine †Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of - - 2014
Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) self-management fits well within a social cognitive framework. At the heart of social-cognitive theory is self-efficacy, a set of beliefs about one's ability to perform certain tasks. Self-efficacy is a strong predictor of health outcomes in chronic diseases and could serve as an intermediary outcome ...
Córdova Isabel Peñarrieta-de IP Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, - - 2014
Aims This article describes a study that aimed to validate the Self-care in Chronic Conditions Partners in Health Scale instrument in the Mexican population. The instrument has been validated in Australia for use as a screening tool by primary healthcare professionals to assess the self-care skills and abilities of people ...
Ramzan Sara S Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
There is a lack of instruments which can be used to quantitatively assess school children's knowledge about medicine in different countries. The aim of this study was to validate the Danish translation of a school children's medicine knowledge questionnaire developed in Finland. A total of 685 children from 37 Danish ...
Hertrampf Katrin K Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, (Head: Prof. Dr. Dr. Jörg Wiltfang), University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Arnold-Heller-Str. 16, 24105 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A survey was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on oral cancer among different medical fields, in particular about diagnostic items and risk factors. A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to physicians from various fields, such as otorhinolaryngology, general practice, internal medicine, and dermatology. 388 of the 2,952 questionnaires were ...
Feng Yanchun Y National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, - - 2014
We created a rapid detection procedure for identifying herbal medicines illegally adulterated with synthetic drugs using near infrared spectroscopy. This procedure includes a reverse correlation coefficient method (RCCM) and comparison of characteristic peaks. Moreover, we made improvements to the RCCM based on new strategies for threshold settings. Any tested herbal ...
Dayananda Hv H Division of Yoga and Management Studies, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Clinical benefits of yoga have been well explored, but factors contributing to adherence to regular yoga practice are not well studied. To study the factors influencing adherence to yoga practices on those participants who have completed 1-month Yoga Instructors' course from a yoga university. Online survey was conducted on participants ...
Ghahari Setareh S Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (SG, LSK, SJF); and Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
The Multiple Sclerosis Self-Management Scale (MSSM) is currently the only measure that was developed specifically to address self-management among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). While good internal consistency (α = 0.85) and construct validity have been demonstrated, other psychometric properties have not been established. This study was undertaken to evaluate ...
Abu-Zidan Fikri M FM Trauma Group, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, PO Box 17666, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to define the factors that affect passing the assessments for successful completion of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) Provider Courses in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The ATLS Provider Course has been taught in three medical centers in the UAE since 2004. ...
Blasberg Sabrina A SA a Department of Psychology , University of British - - 2013
Measures of impression management have yet to incorporate two-factor models of person perception. The 2 primary factors are often labeled agency and communion. In Study 1, we assembled a new measure of impression management-the Bidimensional Impression Management Index (BIMI): It comprises 2 subscales designed specifically to tap agentic and communal ...
Yim Eugene S - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sports medicine physicians can obtain accurate measurements of the aortic root in young athletes. Methods- Twenty male collegiate athletes, aged 18 to 21 years, were prospectively enrolled. Focused echocardiography was performed by a board-certified sports medicine physician and a medical ...
Mayumi Toshihiko T Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2013
The Japanese Guidelines for management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were published in 2005 as the first practical guidelines presenting diagnostic and severity assessment criteria for these diseases. After the Japanese version, the Tokyo Guidelines (TG07) were reported in 2007 as the first international practical guidelines. There were some differences ...
Ivtzan Itai I Department of Psychology, UEL (University East London), Stratford Campus, London E15 4LZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study aims to explore the existence of a relationship between the extent of yoga practice and two dimensions of psychological wellbeing: meaning in life and gratitude. Both of the variables are positive psychology constructs; there is theoretical affinity and empirical evidence that they are related to overall psychological ...
Millán Núñez-Cortés Jesús J Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although atherogenic dyslipidemia is a recognized cardiovascular risk factor, it is often underassessed and thus undertreated and poorly controlled in clinical practice. The objective of this study was to reach a multidisciplinary consensus for the establishment of a set of clinical recommendations on atherogenic dyslipidemia to optimize its prevention, early ...
Rawal Bina - - 2013
Abstract Background Previous studies have raised concerns around the transparency and disclosure rates of clinical trial results on clinical trial registries and in the scientific literature. The objective of this study was to assess the timely disclosure in the public domain of results of company-sponsored clinical trials related to all ...
Lynall Robert - - 2013
Context :  Understanding concussion-management practices that athletic trainers (ATs) currently use will allow clinicians to identify potential strategies for enhancing the quality of care provided to patients. Objective :  To assess current clinical concussion diagnostic and return-to-participation practices among ATs. Design :  Cross-sectional study. Setting :  Web-based survey. Patients or ...
Jenkin Rodric Peter Llewelyn - - 2013
delirium is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Understanding of delirium among doctors in medical and ICU settings has previously been shown to be low. We hypothesised that junior doctors who had gained experience in geriatrics, neurology or psychiatry may have an increased knowledge of delirium. we used data from a large multi-centre ...
Cook Kathleen A KA Nurse Anesthesia Program, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, - - 2013
To date no studies have been conducted to assess the preparedness of CRNA graduates for entry into practice by asking graduates and their respective employers to assess specific competencies. The purpose of this study was to assess recent graduates' preparation and performance. It was hypothesized recent graduates are prepared for ...
Park Yong-Beom - - 2013
Treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to target (T2T) is an international initiative to provide the rheumatology community with clear direction on treatment targets for RA. We performed a nationwide survey in Korea among rheumatologists to measure the levels of agreement with international T2T recommendations and to assess their practical application in ...
Valim Marília Duarte - - 2013
To search for instruments to measure compliance with infection control practices and to report on which dimensions and contents the instruments evaluate, their psychometric characteristics, compliance and factors influencing compliance. Low compliance with infection control practices has been reported among healthcare professionals around the world over the years. Existing data ...
Durning Steven J SJ Professor of Medicine and Pathology, Uniformed Services - - 2013
There is limited understanding of how clinical reasoning is developed, maintained, and objectively assessed. Using the theoretical lens of deliberate practice, we explored physicians' views on clinical reasoning. We compared responses from internists (faculty) and internal medicine interns, to identify potential qualitative and/or quantitative differences in how clinical reasoning is ...
McClimans Leah - - 2013
Measurement outcomes are frequently used as evidence in favor of or against medical and surgical interventions, health policies, and system designs. Indeed, in the medical and health services research literature, outcomes are the currency of policy debate and decision making. Yet in the philosophy of science and philosophy of medicine, ...
Liao Wei-Chih - - 2013
Background and study aims: Preliminary data suggested that simulation practice using an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) mechanical simulator (EMS) improved trainees' skill. The aims of the current study were to confirm the impact of coached EMS practice at the beginning of ERCP training and to investigate whether subsequent uncoached EMS ...
Everett Tobias C - - 2013
The use of simulation-based assessments for high-stakes physician examinations remains controversial. The Managing Emergencies in Paediatric Anaesthesia course uses simulation to teach evidence-based management of anesthesia crises to trainee anesthetists in the United Kingdom (UK) and Canada. In this study, we investigated the feasibility and reliability of custom-designed scenario-specific performance ...
Tan Hsiewe Ying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, itching skin disease, and conventional therapies offer inadequate symptom management. Patients with AD are increasingly turning to Chinese medicine. OBJECTIVE: We systematically evaluated the clinical evidence of the efficacy and safety of oral Chinese herbal medicine for AD. METHODS: Searches were conducted on ...
Doolittle Benjamin R - - 2013
Burnout in physicians is common, and studies show a prevalence of 30% to 78%. Identifying constructive coping strategies and personal characteristics that protect residents against burnout may be helpful for reducing errors and improving physician satisfaction. We explored the complex relationships between burnout, behaviors, emotional coping, and spirituality among internal ...
Reilmann Ralf - - 2013
Recently, the American Academy of Neurology published an evidence-based guideline for the pharmacological treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease. Although the progress in medical care because of the implementation of criteria of evidence-based medicine is undisputed, the guideline classifies the level of evidence for drugs to reduce chorea based on ...
Zhang Caihong - - 2013
Background:Although self-management reportedly can improve the health and quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there is no validated instrument for evaluating the status of patients' self-management on COPD.Methods:A 51-item COPD Self-Management Scale (CSMS) including five domains (symptom management, daily life management, emotion management, information management, ...
Kurande Vrinda Hitendra - - 2013
Recently, a need to develop supportive new scientific evidence for contemporary Ayurveda has emerged. One of the research objectives is an assessment of the reliability of diagnoses and treatment. Reliability is a quantitative measure of consistency. It is a crucial issue in classification (such as prakriti classification), method development (pulse ...
Aggarwal Neil Krishan NK Columbia University, NY, - - 2013
This Classic Text examines the Mīzān-e Tibb (Scale of Medicine), an influential medical text by Muhammad Akbar Arzānī which circulated widely throughout South Asia. The success of Arzānī's text rests in its simple prose and the translation of Graeco-Arabic medical knowledge into Persian, the language of educated discourse throughout South ...
Lucas M G - - 2013
CONTEXT: The previous European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on urinary incontinence comprised a summary of sections of the 2009 International Consultation on Incontinence. A decision was made in 2010 to rewrite these guidelines based on an independent systematic review carried out by the EAU guidelines panel, using a sustainable ...
Weber Clemens - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become one of the pillars of modern patient care. However, neurosurgery has always been an experience-based and technology-driven discipline, and it remains unknown to which extent European neurosurgeons follow high-level evidence-based recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a Web-based survey with a 15-item questionnaire about evidence-based clinical ...
Brose Steven W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a sham manual medicine protocol. SETTING: An academic physical medicine and rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six persons with cervical tender points were included in the pilot study. Exclusion criteria entailed cervical disk herniations or diskitis, cancer, current incarceration, or any condition that prevented small-range passive ...
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