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Liu Yunxia Y Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, 44 Wenhua Xilu Road, Jinan, China, - - 2014
Chinese herbal medicines have been used for a long time to treat osteoporosis. The evidence of their benefits and harms needs to be systematically reviewed. To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of Chinese herbal medicines as a general experimental intervention for treating primary osteoporosis by comparing herbal treatments with ...
Izaguirre Marisa Rodriguez MR *Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine †Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of - - 2014
Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) self-management fits well within a social cognitive framework. At the heart of social-cognitive theory is self-efficacy, a set of beliefs about one's ability to perform certain tasks. Self-efficacy is a strong predictor of health outcomes in chronic diseases and could serve as an intermediary outcome ...
Córdova Isabel Peñarrieta-de IP Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, - - 2014
Aims This article describes a study that aimed to validate the Self-care in Chronic Conditions Partners in Health Scale instrument in the Mexican population. The instrument has been validated in Australia for use as a screening tool by primary healthcare professionals to assess the self-care skills and abilities of people ...
Ramzan Sara S Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
There is a lack of instruments which can be used to quantitatively assess school children's knowledge about medicine in different countries. The aim of this study was to validate the Danish translation of a school children's medicine knowledge questionnaire developed in Finland. A total of 685 children from 37 Danish ...
Hertrampf Katrin K Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, (Head: Prof. Dr. Dr. Jörg Wiltfang), University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Arnold-Heller-Str. 16, 24105 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A survey was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on oral cancer among different medical fields, in particular about diagnostic items and risk factors. A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to physicians from various fields, such as otorhinolaryngology, general practice, internal medicine, and dermatology. 388 of the 2,952 questionnaires were ...
Feng Yanchun Y National Institutes for Food and Drug Control, Beijing 100050, - - 2014
We created a rapid detection procedure for identifying herbal medicines illegally adulterated with synthetic drugs using near infrared spectroscopy. This procedure includes a reverse correlation coefficient method (RCCM) and comparison of characteristic peaks. Moreover, we made improvements to the RCCM based on new strategies for threshold settings. Any tested herbal ...
Abu-Zidan Fikri M FM Trauma Group, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, PO Box 17666, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to define the factors that affect passing the assessments for successful completion of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) Provider Courses in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The ATLS Provider Course has been taught in three medical centers in the UAE since 2004. ...
Blasberg Sabrina A SA a Department of Psychology , University of British - - 2013
Measures of impression management have yet to incorporate two-factor models of person perception. The 2 primary factors are often labeled agency and communion. In Study 1, we assembled a new measure of impression management-the Bidimensional Impression Management Index (BIMI): It comprises 2 subscales designed specifically to tap agentic and communal ...
Yim Eugene S - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sports medicine physicians can obtain accurate measurements of the aortic root in young athletes. Methods- Twenty male collegiate athletes, aged 18 to 21 years, were prospectively enrolled. Focused echocardiography was performed by a board-certified sports medicine physician and a medical ...
Mayumi Toshihiko T Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2013
The Japanese Guidelines for management of acute cholangitis and cholecystitis were published in 2005 as the first practical guidelines presenting diagnostic and severity assessment criteria for these diseases. After the Japanese version, the Tokyo Guidelines (TG07) were reported in 2007 as the first international practical guidelines. There were some differences ...
Ivtzan Itai I Department of Psychology, UEL (University East London), Stratford Campus, London E15 4LZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study aims to explore the existence of a relationship between the extent of yoga practice and two dimensions of psychological wellbeing: meaning in life and gratitude. Both of the variables are positive psychology constructs; there is theoretical affinity and empirical evidence that they are related to overall psychological ...
Millán Núñez-Cortés Jesús - - 2013
Although atherogenic dyslipidemia is a recognized cardiovascular risk factor, it is often underassessed and thus undertreated and poorly controlled in clinical practice. The objective of this study was to reach a multidisciplinary consensus for the establishment of a set of clinical recommendations on atherogenic dyslipidemia to optimize its prevention, early ...
Rawal Bina - - 2013
Abstract Background Previous studies have raised concerns around the transparency and disclosure rates of clinical trial results on clinical trial registries and in the scientific literature. The objective of this study was to assess the timely disclosure in the public domain of results of company-sponsored clinical trials related to all ...
Lynall Robert - - 2013
Context :  Understanding concussion-management practices that athletic trainers (ATs) currently use will allow clinicians to identify potential strategies for enhancing the quality of care provided to patients. Objective :  To assess current clinical concussion diagnostic and return-to-participation practices among ATs. Design :  Cross-sectional study. Setting :  Web-based survey. Patients or ...
Jenkin Rodric Peter Llewelyn - - 2013
delirium is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Understanding of delirium among doctors in medical and ICU settings has previously been shown to be low. We hypothesised that junior doctors who had gained experience in geriatrics, neurology or psychiatry may have an increased knowledge of delirium. we used data from a large multi-centre ...
Cook Kathleen A KA Nurse Anesthesia Program, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, - - 2013
To date no studies have been conducted to assess the preparedness of CRNA graduates for entry into practice by asking graduates and their respective employers to assess specific competencies. The purpose of this study was to assess recent graduates' preparation and performance. It was hypothesized recent graduates are prepared for ...
Carr Sandra E - - 2013
In recent years, Australia has developed a National Junior Doctor Curriculum Framework that sets out the expected standards and describes areas of performance for junior doctors and through this has allowed a national approach to junior doctor assessment to develop. Given the significance of the judgments made, in terms of ...
Park Yong-Beom - - 2013
Treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to target (T2T) is an international initiative to provide the rheumatology community with clear direction on treatment targets for RA. We performed a nationwide survey in Korea among rheumatologists to measure the levels of agreement with international T2T recommendations and to assess their practical application in ...
Valim Marília Duarte - - 2013
To search for instruments to measure compliance with infection control practices and to report on which dimensions and contents the instruments evaluate, their psychometric characteristics, compliance and factors influencing compliance. Low compliance with infection control practices has been reported among healthcare professionals around the world over the years. Existing data ...
Durning Steven J SJ Professor of Medicine and Pathology, Uniformed Services - - 2013
There is limited understanding of how clinical reasoning is developed, maintained, and objectively assessed. Using the theoretical lens of deliberate practice, we explored physicians' views on clinical reasoning. We compared responses from internists (faculty) and internal medicine interns, to identify potential qualitative and/or quantitative differences in how clinical reasoning is ...
McClimans Leah - - 2013
Measurement outcomes are frequently used as evidence in favor of or against medical and surgical interventions, health policies, and system designs. Indeed, in the medical and health services research literature, outcomes are the currency of policy debate and decision making. Yet in the philosophy of science and philosophy of medicine, ...
Liao Wei-Chih - - 2013
Background and study aims: Preliminary data suggested that simulation practice using an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) mechanical simulator (EMS) improved trainees' skill. The aims of the current study were to confirm the impact of coached EMS practice at the beginning of ERCP training and to investigate whether subsequent uncoached EMS ...
Everett Tobias C - - 2013
The use of simulation-based assessments for high-stakes physician examinations remains controversial. The Managing Emergencies in Paediatric Anaesthesia course uses simulation to teach evidence-based management of anesthesia crises to trainee anesthetists in the United Kingdom (UK) and Canada. In this study, we investigated the feasibility and reliability of custom-designed scenario-specific performance ...
Tan Hsiewe Ying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, itching skin disease, and conventional therapies offer inadequate symptom management. Patients with AD are increasingly turning to Chinese medicine. OBJECTIVE: We systematically evaluated the clinical evidence of the efficacy and safety of oral Chinese herbal medicine for AD. METHODS: Searches were conducted on ...
Doolittle Benjamin R - - 2013
Burnout in physicians is common, and studies show a prevalence of 30% to 78%. Identifying constructive coping strategies and personal characteristics that protect residents against burnout may be helpful for reducing errors and improving physician satisfaction. We explored the complex relationships between burnout, behaviors, emotional coping, and spirituality among internal ...
Reilmann Ralf - - 2013
Recently, the American Academy of Neurology published an evidence-based guideline for the pharmacological treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease. Although the progress in medical care because of the implementation of criteria of evidence-based medicine is undisputed, the guideline classifies the level of evidence for drugs to reduce chorea based on ...
Zhang Caihong - - 2013
Background:Although self-management reportedly can improve the health and quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there is no validated instrument for evaluating the status of patients' self-management on COPD.Methods:A 51-item COPD Self-Management Scale (CSMS) including five domains (symptom management, daily life management, emotion management, information management, ...
Kurande Vrinda Hitendra - - 2013
Recently, a need to develop supportive new scientific evidence for contemporary Ayurveda has emerged. One of the research objectives is an assessment of the reliability of diagnoses and treatment. Reliability is a quantitative measure of consistency. It is a crucial issue in classification (such as prakriti classification), method development (pulse ...
Aggarwal Neil Krishan NK Columbia University, NY, - - 2013
This Classic Text examines the Mīzān-e Tibb (Scale of Medicine), an influential medical text by Muhammad Akbar Arzānī which circulated widely throughout South Asia. The success of Arzānī's text rests in its simple prose and the translation of Graeco-Arabic medical knowledge into Persian, the language of educated discourse throughout South ...
Lucas M G - - 2013
CONTEXT: The previous European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on urinary incontinence comprised a summary of sections of the 2009 International Consultation on Incontinence. A decision was made in 2010 to rewrite these guidelines based on an independent systematic review carried out by the EAU guidelines panel, using a sustainable ...
Weber Clemens - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become one of the pillars of modern patient care. However, neurosurgery has always been an experience-based and technology-driven discipline, and it remains unknown to which extent European neurosurgeons follow high-level evidence-based recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a Web-based survey with a 15-item questionnaire about evidence-based clinical ...
Brose Steven W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a sham manual medicine protocol. SETTING: An academic physical medicine and rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six persons with cervical tender points were included in the pilot study. Exclusion criteria entailed cervical disk herniations or diskitis, cancer, current incarceration, or any condition that prevented small-range passive ...
Elli Luca - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Defensive medicine is becoming more frequent behaviour and has an impact on the economic 'health' of national healthcare systems. AIM: The aim of this study was to clarify the impact of defensive medicine on gastroenterological practices in Lombardy. METHODS: Gastroenterologists attending the Lombardy Annual Gastroenterological Conference received a questionnaire ...
Prokopiadou Dimitra - - 2013
The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge scale (ADKS) in a population of Greek general practitioners (GPs). The international standards for the forward and back translation approach were followed. For the validation step, 112 GPs, treating dementia in their daily practices, were enrolled ...
Yim Eugene S - - 2013
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sports medicine physicians can use portable echocardiography to obtain measurements pertinent to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods Thirty male collegiate athletes, aged 18 to 21 years, were prospectively enrolled. Focused portable echocardiography was performed by a board-certified sports medicine physician and a ...
Qureshi N S - - 2013
Certification in Colposcopy by the British Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (BSCCP) and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists is a formal pre- requisite to the practice of colposcopy within the UK. This certification is awarded after passing an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). The aim of the ...
Dobler Ina M - - 2013
Results from numerous previous studies suggest that when subjects study items from different categories and then repeatedly retrieve, or restudy, some of the items from some of the categories, repeated retrieval, but not repeated study, induces forgetting of related unpracticed items. We investigated in two experiments whether such effects of ...
Yang Xuesong - - 2013
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a genetic basis. Its ill-defined causes make it difficult to diagnose. This study aims to develop a diagnostic checklist for psoriasis classification in the context of traditional Chinese medicine. A Delphi study was conducted with three rounds by a panel of 16 ...
Wong Wendy - - 2013
The study aims to adapt and validate the Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire (CCMQ) in Hong Kong Chinese people. 10 patients and 10 Chinese medicine practitioners (CMP) confirmed the content validity (CVI: 50%-100%) of CCMQ. 1084 HK subjects completed a cross-sectional study with 98.6% who could be classified into one ...
Ferrante Giuliana - - 2013
Asthma is considered an heterogeneous disease, requiring multiple biomarkers for diagnosis and management. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide in exhaled breath (FeNO) was the first useful non-invasive marker of airway inflammation in asthma and still is the most widely used. The non-invasive nature and the relatively easy use of FeNO technique ...
Kurande Vrinda - - 2013
This study assesses the interrater reliability of Ayurvedic pulse (nadi), tongue (jivha), and body constitution (prakriti) assessments. Fifteen registered Ayurvedic doctors with 3-15 years of experience independently examined twenty healthy subjects. Subjects completed self-assessment questionnaires and software analyses for prakriti assessment. Weighted kappa statistics for all 105 pairs of doctors ...
Kessler C C Department of Internal and Complementary Medicine, Immanuel Hospital and Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology & Health Economics, Charité-University Medical Center, Research Coordination, Königstraße 63, 14109 Berlin, - - 2013
Ayurveda is playing a growing part in Europe. Questions regarding the role of religion and spirituality within Ayurveda are discussed widely. Yet, there is little data on the influence of religious and spiritual aspects on its European diffusion. Methods. A survey was conducted with a new questionnaire. It was analysed ...
Krajewska Grazyna G Department of Dose Control and Calibration, Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection, Warszawa, Poland. - - 2013
Due to its use of ionising radiation, the field of nuclear medicine is a unique and significant part of medical diagnostics and patient treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the internal exposure of nuclear medicine employees to radioiodine 131I and technetium 99mTc as well as to assess ...
Negro-Calduch E - - 2012
In the current situation of endemicity of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Egypt, improving the biosecurity of poultry production has become essential to the progressive reduction the incidence of the disease. A significant proportion of the Egyptian commercial poultry system consists of small-scale poultry producers operating with low to ...
Wright Christine - - 2012
Internationally, there is increasing interest in monitoring and evaluating doctors' professional practice. Multisource feedback (MSF) offers one way of collecting information about doctors' performance. The authors investigated the psychometric properties of two questionnaires developed for this purpose and explored the biases that may exist within data collected via such instruments. ...
González-Castro Javier - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The use of preoperative systemic steroids (PSS) in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has been a topic of debate among otolaryngologists for many years now. Until recently, most of the evidence to support PSS use in ESS was largely anecdotal and based on expert opinion. Although some recent randomized and ...
Purdom Catherine L - - 2012
The Somatic Complaints scale (SOM) and Conversion subscale (SOM-C) of the Personality Assessment Inventory perform best in classifying psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) from epileptic seizures (ES); however, the impact of positive impression management (PIM) and negative impression management (NIM) scales on SOM and SOM-C classification has not been examined. We ...
Davis Tessa - - 2012
PURPOSE: It is recognised that paediatric prescribing errors are prevalent, and that most are made by junior doctors; however, detecting errors in order to demonstrate actual error rates can be difficult. There is evidence to suggest that dosing errors are the most common type of prescribing error in practice, but ...
Gezer M - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a less known condition in the practice of internal medicine, mostly due to lack of specific symptoms and low rates of physician awareness. However, cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence is not significantly different among patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic disease. Ankle brachial index (ABI) measurement is ...
Biz Carlo - - 2012
Hypermobility of the first ray, which is caused by an instability of the first metatarsocuneiform joint, is one of the factors that induces hallux valgus and can be caused by technical mistakes in ballet practice. Correlation between ballet practice and hypermobility of the first ray. Using a modified Klaue device, ...
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