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Delière Laurent L INRA, ISVV, UMR1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble, F-33883, Villenave d'Ornon, France; Université de Bordeaux, ISVV, UMR1065 SAVE, F-33883, Villenave d'Ornon, - - 2014
In France, viticulture accounts for 20% of the phytochemicals sprayed in agriculture. Eighty percent of grapevine pesticides target powdery and downy mildews. European policies promote pesticide use reduction, and new methods for low-input diseases management are needed for viticulture. Here we present the assessment, in France, of Mildium®, a new ...
Kinch Michael S MS Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recombinant DNA technologies revolutionized medicine. Herein, the approvals and mechanistic basis of biologics-based medicines are analyzed. The overall and relative rate of FDA approvals for recombinant proteins grew from the 1980s through the first half-decade of the new millennium. Over time, the number of biologics gaining approval for an orphan ...
Aerts Joel J University of Liege, 4000, Liege, Belgium; University of Paris VII Diderot, 75018, Paris, - - 2014
This document is meant to complement Part B of the EANM 'Guidelines on current good radiopharmacy practice (cGRPP) in the preparation of radiopharmaceuticals' issued by the Radiopharmacy Committee of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, covering small-scale in-house preparation of radiopharmaceuticals with automated modules. The aim is to provide more ...
Chandhoke Taranpreet K TK Assistant professor, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Craniofacial Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, Conn. Electronic address: - - 2014
Treatment of an impacted maxillary central incisor poses a unique challenge to the orthodontist because of its position within the esthetic zone, requiring careful management of the soft tissues and an effective biomechanical setup for alignment. This article describes a novel method of extending an extrusion wire from cross tubes ...
Al-Riyami Arwa Z AZ Departments of Haematology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
The recognition and management of transfusion reactions (TRs) are critical to ensure patient safety during and after a blood transfusion. Transfusion reactions are classified into acute transfusion reactions (ATRs) or delayed transfusion reactions, and each category includes different subtypes. Different ATRs share common signs and symptoms which can make categorisation ...
Corwin Howard L HL Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion guidelines have been developed by professional societies. These guidelines recommend a restrictive RBC transfusion practice for most clinical populations. Despite the consistency of guidelines and limited evidence for RBC transfusion efficacy, there is variability in RBC transfusion practice. A program was initiated in a tertiary ...
Mundt Janna M JM Terumo BCT, Lakewood, Colorado, - - 2014
Within the last decade new technologies have been developed and implemented which employ light, often in the presence of a photosensitizer, to inactivate pathogens that reside in human blood products for the purpose of transfusion. These pathogen reduction technologies attempt to find the proper balance between pathogen kill and cell ...
Lai Yan Y Resident Medical Officer, Gold Coast University Hospital, Gold Coast, - - 2014
A structured questionnaire was administered to 50 medical patients, 50 surgical patients and 50 staff members at Vila Central Hospital, Vanuatu. A similar study was conducted 10 years earlier. In the intervening decade, Vanuatu has seen unprecedented population growth, increasing expatriate numbers, and the introduction of mobile phone and Internet ...
von Lindern Jeannette S JS Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2014
Neonatal anemia is a common disorder, particularly in (very) preterm neonates. Management of neonatal anemia is based principally on red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Although the use of blood products is nowadays widespread in neonatal medicine, evidence on the potential benefit is extremely limited. Recent studies suggest that RBC transfusions ...
Gautam Rajaganesh R Professor, Department of Orthodontics, M.A. Rangoonwala Dental College & Research Center, Pune, - - 2014
The loss of maxillary central incisors at an early age has psychological, esthetic, and functional implications. Multiple treatment options are available for replacing missing central incisors. The management demands a multidisciplinary approach involving the orthodontist, prosthodontist, and periodontist. Treatment planning requires consideration of a variety of clinical and nonclinical factors. ...
Wang Jie J Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beixiange No. 5, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, - - 2014
This study was intended to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tongxinluo capsule for hypertension. Search Strategy. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, The PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Bio-Medical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and Wan-fang ...
Lee Heung Ki HK Samsung Electronic Co., Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
Resource management of the main memory and process handler is critical to enhancing the system performance of a web server. Owing to the transaction delay time that affects incoming requests from web clients, web server systems utilize several web processes to anticipate future requests. This procedure is able to decrease ...
Saidenberg Elianna - - 2013
Previous studies have indicated that medical trainees receive inadequate instruction in transfusion medicine and that this translates into insufficient transfusion knowledge throughout medical practice. We undertook to assess transfusion knowledge among internal medicine trainees in a single institution using a standardized oral examination case. A case of an adult with ...
Hohmuth Benjamin - - 2013
Transfusions are common in hospitalized patients but carry significant risk, with associated morbidity and mortality that increases with each unit of blood received. Clinical trials consistently support a conservative over a liberal approach to transfusion. Yet there remains wide variation in practice, and more than half of red cell transfusions ...
Johnston J D JD c/o 1102-35 Indescon Square, London E14 9DR, - - 2013
Current European pharmaceutical legislation is not adequate to meet advances in science and technologies that will lead to rapid development of custom-made medicines. Using existing legislation for custom-made medical devices as a template and anti-sense oligo-nucleotides as model medicinal products, we propose new European pharmaceutical legislation to permit timely access ...
Johnston J D JD c/o 35 Indescon Square, London E14 9DR, - - 2013
The description of the proposed licence for a custom-made medicinal product complies with that of an adaptive licence, as described by Eichler and colleagues.
Haspel Richard L - - 2013
There is evidence that physicians lack adequate transfusion medicine knowledge. To design needs-based educational interventions to address this gap, a validated assessment tool is required. Previously published exams have not been created or validated using rigorous psychometric methods. A modified Delphi method was used to achieve consensus regarding the essential ...
Peña Jeremy Ryan Andrew - - 2013
The scope of activity of the Blood Transfusion Service (BTS) makes it unique among the clinical laboratories. The combination of therapeutic and diagnostic roles necessitates a multi-faceted approach to utilization management in the BTS. We present our experience in utilization management in large academic medical center.
Gutsche Jacob T - - 2013
Anemia is a common clinical problem in cardiac surgery patients in the postoperative period and may result in transfusion in up to 90% of this population. There is tremendous variation in transfusion rates by hospital and individual physician. It is unknown if implementation of a clinical practice guideline lowers unnecessary ...
Lund Troy C - - 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is burdened with a growing population and poor health care resources. Transfusion medicine is uniquely affected for SSA as a result of a combination of factors which put tremendous pressure on the blood supply. In this review, we consider these factors including: malaria, sickle cell anemia, transfusion ...
Zofou Denis - - 2013
Covering: 1971 to 2013This review discusses the medicinal potential of bioactive metabolites isolated from medicinal plants in Central Africa for the treatment of neglected tropical diseases and HIV. A correlation is established between the biological activities of the isolated compounds and the uses of the plants in traditional medicine. Insight ...
Davidow Beth - - 2013
This article reviews the use of transfusion medicine in veterinary medicine and discusses current research regarding donor screening and component therapy. Typing and crossmatching methodologies are discussed. Available components, potential uses, and controversies in treatment are also discussed.
McCarthy Leo J - - 2013
Paul Holland began his career in transfusion medicine in 1963 as an assistant to Dr. Paul Schmidt in the Blood Bank at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He served at the NIH for 20 years and retired in 1983 with the rank of Captain in the Public Health Service. ...
Graham Jane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is scope to further improve the safety of transfusion practice within the United Kingdom. This study aims to identify the current role of junior doctors in the transfusion process and to assess their competency to appropriately prescribe blood and blood products to patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Transfusion ...
Colligan David - - 2013
Transfusion medicine is a technology-based discipline, undergoing continual changes for improvement. It requires staff at all levels to be continually educated and trained in appropriate multidisciplinary skills, in line with the rapid developments in all areas of transfusion practice: from blood/organ collection, through processing and storage to the more advanced ...
Anderson M A - - 2013
AIM: The 2001 NHMRC/ASBT Clinical Practice Guidelines for cryoprecipitate are being updated and cryoprecipitate have been incorporated into new Patient Blood Management modules. This clinical audit sought to clarify current cryoprecipitate use in Victoria, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory, assess adherence to guidelines and gain insights into deviations from ...
Diab Yaser A - - 2013
Resuscitation of children and neonates with severe or refractory bleeding due to surgery or trauma often requires massive transfusion (MT). Findings from recent studies have led to a better understanding of the complex pathophysiology in massive haemorrhage and the effects of MT on haemostasis. Current management of the massively bleeding ...
Masic Izet - - 2013
Materia Socio Medica Journal has been accepted for archiving in PubMed Central from 2011. The journal started in 1993 as offi cial journal of Social Medicine Association of B&H. During last 3 years Mat Soc Med has included in almost all femous on-line databases (except WoS). All issues of Mat ...
Szczepiorkowski Zbigniew M - - 2013
Transfusion of blood and blood components has been a routine practice for more than half a century. The rationale supporting this practice is that replacement of blood loss should be beneficial for the patient. This assumption has constituted the underpinning of transfusion medicine for many decades. Only over the past ...
Lier H - - 2012
Both, severe haemorrhage and blood transfusion are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it is of particular importance to stop perioperative bleeding as fast and as possible to avoid unnecessary transfusion. Viscoelastic test (ROTEM® or TEG®) allow for early prediction of massive transfusion and goal-directed therapy with specific haemostatic ...
Harris Shelby F - - 2012
This article presents a succinct understanding of how to diagnose and manage hypersomnias of central origin, including narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, and recurrent hypersomnias.
Mercuri Mathew - - 2012
The cumulative radiation exposure to the patient from multiple radiological procedures can place some individuals at significantly increased risk for stochastic effects and tissue reactions. Approaches, such as those in the International Atomic Energy Agency's Smart Card program, have been developed to track cumulative radiation exposures to individuals. These strategies ...
Syed Mobinulla - - 2012
Torso burns following debridement and skin grafting usually require fairly complex dressings. The dressing consists of an interface layer, an absorbent layer and a retaining layer. Although numerous inner dressings are now available from multiple manufacturers, Gamgee dressing (pad of cotton and gauze) is often used as an outer absorbent ...
Vandenplas Olivier - - 2012
The optimal management of occupational asthma remains uncertain in clinical practice. The aim of this review was to analyse the published information pertaining to the management of occupational asthma in order to produce evidence-based statements and recommendations. A systematic literature search was conducted up to March 2010 to identify original ...
Ikuta Ichiro - - 2012
To develop and validate an open-source informatics toolkit capable of creating a radiation exposure data repository from existing nuclear medicine report archives and to demonstrate potential applications of such data for quality assurance and longitudinal patient-specific radiation dose monitoring. This study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant. Informed ...
Stefanidou Maria E - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Carbon monoxide (CO) is the cause of more than one half of the fatal poisonings throughout the world. The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of nonfire CO-related deaths in Greece, as they were recorded at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, School of Medicine, ...
Lin Guo-Zhen - - 2012
Traditional medicines or ethnic remedies, such as Ayurvedic drug of India, have been reported in numerous cases to be one of the main exposure risks for severe lead poisoning. We describe the poisoning of 2 young children from a Chinese family in Guangzhou as a result of the use of ...
Gilden Robyn - - 2012
Children come in contact with athletic fields on a daily basis. How these fields are maintained may have an impact on children's potential exposure to pesticides and associated health effects. This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study that utilized a survey to assess playing field maintenance practices regarding the use of ...
Fahey Frederic H - - 2012
The value of pediatric nuclear medicine is well established. Pediatric patients are referred to nuclear medicine from nearly all pediatric specialties including urology, oncology, cardiology, gastroenterology, and orthopedics. Radiation exposure is associated with a potential, small, risk of inducing cancer in the patient later in life and is higher in ...
Panuwet Parinya - - 2012
As an agricultural country and one of the world's major food exporters, Thailand relies heavily on the use of pesticides to protect crops and increase yields. During the past decade, the Kingdom of Thailand has experienced an approximate four-fold increase in pesticide use. This increase presents a challenge for the ...
Deschuyffeleer Thomas P G - - 2012
Chlamydia psittaci causes respiratory disease in poultry and can be transmitted to humans. Historical outbreaks of psittacosis in poultry workers indicated the need for higher awareness and an efficient risk assessment and management. This group reviewed relevant previous research, practical guidelines, and European directives. Subsequently, basic suggestions were made on ...
Chen Yuh-Fung - - 2012
Stroke is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide but effective therapeutic strategy for the prevention of brain injury in patients with cerebral ischemia is lacking. Although tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) has been used to treat stroke patients, this therapeutic strategy is confronted with ill side effects and is ...
Dunbar Levette N - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to characterize transfusion practices in the management of sickle cell disease and to identify factors attributing to differences in prescribing practices among Florida hematologists/oncologists. A cross-sectional study was performed in 2005-2006 utilizing a mail survey. The survey instrument addressed practice characteristics, sickle cell patient ...
Karunamoorthi Kaliyaperumal - - 2012
A study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practices of Ethiopian farmers about pesticide management: implications for human health. A pretested standardized questionnaire was administered. The results revealed that the great majority 174 (99.4%) farmers had ample awareness about pesticide impact on human health. However, various hazardous practices have ...
Lu Feng - - 2012
Although natural medicines are generally considered to be safer than synthetic medicines, some reports on toxicity of many herb drugs, for example Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), attract more and more common public attention recently. The reasons for these cardiovascular toxic effects are not always satisfactory. Not all these clinical symptoms ...
Hynes Brian G - - 2011
Despite major advances in pharmacologic and endovascular therapies, acute limb ischemia (ALI) continues to result in significant morbidity and mortality. The incidence of ALI may be as high as 13-17 cases per 100,000 people per year, with mortality rates approaching 18% in some series. This review will address the contemporary ...
Menon B K - - 2011
In this editorial, we seek to focus attention of neurointerventionists and stroke physicians towards a systems approach to the intra-arterial management of acute ischemic stroke. We highlight the need to pay attention to the overall sequence and workflow of a neurointerventional procedure rather than individual steps. We also stress the ...
Nanjundappa Aravinda - - 2011
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is primarily a disease of advanced atherosclerosis but may occur in the setting of other causes. It is essential for the treating physician to understand the complexity of patients with CLI and the appropriate and emerging treatment approaches in this patient population. The authors provide a ...
Myhre Oddvar - - 2011
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions emanating from waste management practices in five Norwegian military camps were assessed. The GHG emission accounting practices examined included fuel provision upstream of a material recovery facility (MRF), operational activities at the MRF, and downstream processes. The latter means recycling of waste compared to primary production ...
Harder Jennifer L - - 2011
Hemodialysis (HD) and continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) have an unproven role in the management of carbamazepine overdose. Albumin-enhanced CVVHD may accelerate carbamazepine (CBZ) clearance, but no pharmacokinetic data has been reported for traditional CVVHD without albumin enhancement. In addition, it is unclear whether the active CBZ-epoxide metabolite is removed with ...
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