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Nakaso K - - 2000
Heme[none1] oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and peroxiredoxin I (PrxI) are known to be oxidative stress- and heme-related proteins. The antioxidant activity of PrxI is inhibited by heme, therefore co-expression of HO-1 and PrxI is considered to be a reasonable mechanism to maintain its antioxidative function. Immunoblotting demonstrated that HO-1 and PrxI were ...
Choe J M - - 2000
We developed the technique of retrograde perfusion sphincterometry to troubleshoot the AMS 800 device. We implanted artificial urinary sphincters in men who were incontinent after prostatectomy and performed intraoperative retrograde perfusion sphincterometry. Retrograde perfusion sphincterometry using a flexible cystoscope is simple and allows early recognition of intraoperative urethral injury and ...
Chambers N K - - 2000
Present management of shock derives, in part, from the classic investigations of Walter B. Cannon and Alfred Blalock. The intersections of their professional lives as recorded in the professional literature and in personal correspondence suggest that Blalock's pivotal studies of experimental shock were fueled, at least in part, by Cannon's ...
Viera A J - - 2000
The pessary is an effective tool in the management of a number of gynecologic problems. The pessary is most commonly used in the management of pelvic support defects such as cystocele and rectocele. Pessaries can also be used in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence. The wide variety of pessary ...
Nyam D C - - 2000
Fecal incontinence is often suffered in silence leading one to become a social recluse. This has led to the belief that the problem does not exist and therefore underdiagnosed. In the last decade, much has been learnt about the understanding of continence and defecation. Quantification of appropriate physiological parameters associated ...
Mathuriya S N - - 2000
Simultaneous detection of an intracranial meningioma with a pituitary tumour prior to radiotherapy is an extremely uncommon occurrence. Authors have managed an elderly acromegalic lady with an acidophilic pituitary adenoma, who also harboured an asymptomatic anterior third parasagittal meningioma. There were no features of neurofibromatosis. Both tumours were concurrently excised.
Ellsworth P I - - 2000
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a urologic condition in which there is a retrograde flow of urine from the bladder through the ureter back up to the upper urinary tract. The condition may be classified as primary or secondary and is more often identified in Caucasian females. The primary goal in ...
Kreutzwiser RD - - 2000
/ This paper assesses the extent to which key geomorphic components, processes, and stresses have been reflected in the management of a coastal sandy barrier environment. The management policies and practices of selected agencies responsible for Long Point, a World Biosphere Reserve along Lake Erie, Canada, were evaluated for consistency ...
Mehlum L - - 1999
Peacekeepers are frequently exposed to dangerous, provoking, or humiliating situations and have limited possibilities to express the resulting anger and frustrations. Self-medication with alcohol and drugs to calm down may result. A representative sample (N = 888) of Norwegian United Nations veterans who served in South Lebanon completed a questionnaire ...
Heron R J - - 1999
This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of stress management training workshops within Zeneca Pharmaceuticals. The study was of cross-sectional design, comparing groups of workshop attendees and non-attendees. In addition, self-rated well-being scores of attendees were compared with results obtained pre-workshop and 2-3 months after the workshop. Employees participating ...
Jackson S H - - 1999
Stress is an inevitable part of our personal and professional lives. When poorly managed, stress will accumulate to levels that become injurious to our health and well-being. Burnout is one such consequence. However, because stress is an active process, with the proper knowledge and skills, we can learn to better ...
Ashworth M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the factors that were most stressful for new principals in inner-city general practice. In addition, given the concerns about retention of new principals, to ascertain whether high perceived stress translated into regret that they had joined their practice and factors that might protect from regret. ...
Epstein J - - 1999
The integrated stress response to tissue trauma is crucial for the maintenance of homeostasis. An exaggerated or prolonged response may be detrimental in compromised patients. Knowledge of the involved afferent pathways will suggest therapeutic interventions that may modulate the intensity of the stress response. Described are these concepts as they ...
Adams L G - - 1999
The literal meaning of lithotripsy is the "act of breaking stones." There are two forms of lithotripsy available for use in veterinary medicine: electrohydraulic shock-wave lithotripsy (EHL) and extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL). With EHL, a shock-wave is generated immediately adjacent to a urolith within the urinary bladder. In dogs, nephroliths ...
Timio M - - 1999
Gentile da Foligno was an influential professor and teacher of medicine at the Universities of Bologna, Padua, Siena and Perugia in the first part of the 14th century. He was one of the first physicians to perform human dissection. He authored many important texts and commentaries, among which is the ...
Iselin C E - - 1998
The majority of incontinent women are manageable using office-based techniques. This article reviews the basic causes of per urethram urinary incontinence, and summarizes how to optimally evaluate them from a clinical and urodynamic standpoint in the office setting. Emphasis is made on the progress and efficiency of the wide range ...
Motley G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review the classification, etiology, clinical and radiologic evaluation, and management of the pars interarticularis stress reaction, spondylolysis, and spondylolisthesis progression. DATA SOURCES: Grateful Med was searched from 1980 to 1998 using the terms "spondylolysis," "spondylolisthesis," "female athlete" "spondylogenic," and "pars interarticularis." DATA SYNTHESIS: The progression from pars interarticularis ...
Duggan P M - - 1998
A survey of conference delegates attending the Urogynaecology Day at the 1997 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons indicated that practitioners are inconsistent in their approach to the use of preoperative urodynamics evaluation for women with stress incontinence and disagree about the significance of the low ...
Roger D - - 1998
Stress and stress management have been a major preoccupation in research and training for several decades, but without much clarity about what stress is or whether training programmes have any effect. In fact, the weight of evidence suggests that conventional stress management is of very little benefit, but this is ...
Yachia D - - 1997
The use of stents in the management of prostatic obstruction started in 1980 with the development of the "partial catheter" by Fabian in Germany. Since then, a variety of metals and biostable and biodegradable polymers have been made into temporary or permanent stents for the management of infravesical obstructions such ...
Kaefer M - - 1997
Continent urinary diversion has increasingly become important for treating children and adults with urinary tract pathology that cannot be managed by direct reconstructive techniques. The Mitrofanoff principle, a term that has become synonymous with the flap valve mechanism for promoting the unidirectorial flow of a fluid medium, is a recapitulation ...
Ghoniem G M - - 1997
Urinary incontinence in the elderly is a common but typically remediable condition that is frequently managed by pharmacotherapy. However, because of age-related changes, the response to a specific dosage of a certain drug administered to an elderly person may be quite different than the response experienced by a younger individual. ...
Sims J - - 1997
Recent surveys have highlighted sources of stress for UK general practitioners (GPs). Interventions to reduce stress in general practice have been introduced at both an individual and an organizational level, but there is little published evidence of their effectiveness. This paper systematically reviews the literature and reports that the research ...
Cooper C L - - 1997
This article explores a range of sources of workplace stress and a three-prong intervention strategy for managing pressures at work. The three approaches highlighted are primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention interventions. Primary is concerned with stressor reduction, secondary with stress management and tertiary with remedial support. In addition, a number ...
Schleupner C J - - 1997
Management of urinary tract infections may seem quite straightforward, but the patient's age, gender, and other factors can affect management and outcome. Appropriate management can forestall recurring problems and lead to a better quality of life. Dr. Schleupner reviews special situations and outlines treatment options for those cases where individualized ...
Seim A - - 1997
Urinary incontinence is a common health problem among women, and a spectrum of psychosocial problems is associated with this disorder. We have investigated how psychosocial impact changed during a management programme for urinary incontinence in general practice. One hundred and five women seeking help for urinary incontinence were treated with ...
van der Hek H - - 1997
There are many occupational stress management programmes available which are designed to prevent and cure the negative aspects of job-stress. The focus of the programmes can be directed towards the individual worker, the working group, the organization of the work or the organization as a whole. Moreover, programmes show a ...
Kroovand R L - - 1997
Urolithiasis in childhood is of diverse etiology requiring carefully planned individualized diagnostic and management protocols. The efficiency in diagnosis and management of urolithiasis in childhood follows a learning curve, especially when using the more recent technical innovations for management of urinary calculi. With current technical sophistication of transurethral and percutaneous ...
Razvi H A - - 1996
Although endoscopic lithotripsy of bladder stones has been well described and is widely practiced, comparison of the main modalities of mechanical, electrohydraulic, and ultrasonic lithotripsy is lacking. The exact role of these and other modalities such as the Swiss Lithoclast and extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy is not clearly defined. The safety ...
Rogers C J - - 1996
The management of spinal cord injured (SCI) patients with small capacity, noncompliant bladders has focused on the preservation of renal function and social continence. When conservative management is unsuccessful, surgical intervention may prove beneficial. Augmentation enterocystoplasty is a reliable method of achieving increased bladder capacity while decreasing intravesical filling pressure. ...
Burney T L - - 1996
Management of intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD) can be achieved by many techniques. Those patients suffering from urinary incontinence secondary to ISD have often undergone multiple prior procedures for management of incontinence; therefore, an ideal form of treatment would be one that is minimally invasive and safe without compromising efficacy. The ...
Newton J T - - 1996
A qualitative research methodology was used to compare the stress experienced by dentists working under two different systems of remuneration. No absolute difference was found in the levels of stress experienced by the two groups, as measured by a questionnaire measure of stress experience. Both groups of dentists identified patient ...
Ben-Chaim J - - 1996
This article describes in detail the modern management of the patient born with classic bladder exstrophy. Also, new techniques of prenatal diagnosis and pelvic fixation to secure the initial or secondary closure are discussed. Last, management of the failed closure and the bladder not suitable for closure are described and ...
Romero Y Y Division of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1996
To describe the assessment and management of constipation and fecal incontinence in elderly patients. We reviewed pertinent publications in the recent medical literature and outlined effective management strategies for constipation and fecal incontinence in the geriatric population. Constipation can be classified into two syndromes--functional constipation and rectosigmoid outlet delay. Evaluation ...
Patel H - - 1995
To various degrees, all continent pouch designs are subject to stones, which often are infected. We report on the endourologic management of large stone burdens in three types of continent reservoirs. Stone in a UCLA and a Kock pouch were managed endoscopically, and stones in an augmented pouch with a ...
Harris J H - - 1995
This article presents a practical approach to stress management in the clinical laboratory setting. While advocating a proactive approach to stress management, the underlying principle of this paper is that several well-documented human resource techniques should be more widely interpreted and implemented to serve as stress management techniques. Major sources ...
Skoner M M - - 1994
In this exploratory and descriptive study, the self-management of urinary incontinence among women 31 to 50 years old is described. Eight self-selected women participated in unstructured tape-recorded interviews that were guided by an interest in understanding women's perceptions about their incontinence. Self-management comprised five specific methods: (a) modifying or avoiding ...
Joseph Guglielmo B - - 1994
Candiduria, due to Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and other organisms, has increased in frequency due the use of broad-spectrum antibacterials, immunosuppressive agents and other factors. The optimal management of candiduria is unknown due to an unclear definition of fungal urinary tract infection and the lack of well-designed clinical trials. Removal ...
Young S B - - 1994
This article provides a logical approach to the evaluation and management of urinary incontinence in the perimenopausal and postmenopausal woman. The impact of the climacteric on normal anatomy and physiology of the female continence mechanism is addressed. Primary office evaluation and guidelines for referrals are provided. The surgical and nonsurgical ...
Shepherd J - - 1992
The author through personal experience has gained knowledge in the area of infertility and stress management. Her professional background supports the experiences, emotions and management techniques encountered with sound theoretical knowledge. This article deals with some of the procedures confronting a couple who experience infertility problems. It aims to explain ...
Resnick N M - - 1992
A frequent and largely neglected problem, incontinence in the elderly can often be ameliorated or cured. Transient incontinence is usually secondary to intercurrent disease and thus should be addressed by treatment of that pathology. Established incontinence is most often due to detrusor hyperactivity. Behavioral intervention and bladder relaxants are management ...
Oldridge M L - - 1992
Levels of stress in carers of long-term schizophrenia sufferers attending a depot clinic were assessed. Nine out of 25 carers (36%) were identified as possible or definite cases on either the GHQ or the HAD. However, a substantial proportion of carers managed to cope with the difficulties without suffering psychologically.
Sheahan S L - - 1992
Primary care providers are confronted on a daily basis with persons who are addicted to tobacco. Research studies have demonstrated an association between substance use and stress and coping. This paper discusses macro- and micro-level perspectives of stress that need to be considered in the management of tobacco addition. Lazarus's ...
Nho K - - 1992
An initial evaluation of PEG-bHb was performed using a modified hypovolemic shock model. PEG-bHb had a substantially longer intravascular half-life than native Hb and no measurable hemoglobinuria was observed in the canine. PEG-bHb allowed successful resuscitation with an oxygen carrying capacity of 14-22% over that of lactated Ringer's solution.
Mitchell J L - - 1991
Although much has been written about the debilitating effects of stress at work and courses designed to help staff understand and cope with the problem proliferate, many managers still have to be convinced that stress needs to be tackled--if only because it eats into profits. Occupational psychologist Jack Lamport Mitchell ...
Kreder K J - - 1991
Despite the fact that the AS-800 artificial urinary sphincter represents a significant advance in the treatment of urinary incontinence, for many reasons, incontinence persists or recurs in a small percentage of cases. This is often a challenging problem to manage; however, a logical and sequential approach (as outlined in the ...
O'Donnell P D - - 1991
For many elderly inpatients, urinary incontinence cannot be successfully treated and the management objective is identifying a suitable method for containment of urine loss. In elderly inpatient men, an external catheter is utilized in many cases for incontinence management. The role of the severity of incontinence and the use of ...
Shaw G - - 1991
Thirty-five patients with irritable bowel syndrome were randomized to receive treatment in a stress management programme or conventional therapy which included the antispasmodic Colpermin. The stress management programme involved a median of six 40-min sessions with a physiotherapist during which patients were helped to understand the nature of their symptoms, ...
Elkin A J - - 1990
Stress in the workplace is now widely recognized as a major problem facing American industry. A growing number of companies are offering some form of stress management intervention. However, for those seeking to introduce stress management activities, too little in the way of guidance and direction has been available. This ...
Smereka C M - - 1990
When managed effectively, stress can lead to more productive, creative, and successful lives at home and in the workplace. Through exercise, relaxation, and a network of social support, stress can be managed and channeled. Other attributes of a healthy, stress-managed lifestyle include good nutrition, a sense of humor, and strong ...
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