Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 231
1 2 3 4 5 >
Amador Luis L a Concordia University, Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering , Montreal , Quebec , - - 2014
Objective: The objective of this study is to demonstrate a correlation between the maturity of a country's road safety practices and road safety incidents. Methods: Firstly, data on a number of road injuries and fatalities for 129 countries were extracted from the United Nations Global Status on Road Safety database. ...
DeAngelis Adrian F AF Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Dentoalveolar trauma and dislocations of the temporomandibular joint are common reasons for patients to present to EDs in Australia. The majority of medical practitioners receive very little formal training in the management of these injuries and might not have ready access to dental services out of hours for advice. This ...
Bomanji Jamshed B JB aInstitute of Nuclear Medicine University College Hospital bThe Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK cDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, Azerbaijan National Centre of Oncology, Baku, - - 2014
Large-scale radiation accidents are few in number, but those that have occurred have subsequently led to strict regulation in most countries. Here, different accident scenarios involving exposure to radiation have been reviewed. A triage of injured persons has been summarized and guidance on management has been provided in accordance with ...
Ponsford Jennie J NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Traumatic Brain Injury Psychosocial Rehabilitation, Australia (Drs Ponsford and Tate); School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University and Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Australia (Dr Ponsford); National Trauma Research Institute, Monash University and the Alfred Hospital (Dr Ponsford); Lawson Health Research Institute, St Joseph's Parkwood Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada (Mss Janzen and McIntyre); Neuro Rehabilitation Program, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (Dr Bayley); Neuropsychology, Acquired Brain Injury Program, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (Dr Velikonja); Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (Dr Velikonja); Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Kolling Institute, Sydney Medical School - Northern, University of Sydney, Australia (Dr Tate); and Royal Rehabilitation Centre Sydney, Australia (Dr - - 2014
After traumatic brain injury (TBI) and emergence from coma, the majority of people experience posttraumatic amnesia (PTA), characterized by confusion, disorientation, retrograde and anterograde amnesia, poor attention, and sometimes agitation and delusions. An international team of researchers and clinicians developed recommendations for assessment and management of PTA. The experts met ...
Adam Kerry K School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Early graduate occupational therapists (OTs) and physiotherapists (PTs) are routinely employed in work injury management and prevention in Australia. However, our understanding is limited about employer requirements for early graduates entering the field, and how commencing practitioners manage transition to practice. In addition, employers have expressed concerns anecdottaly about the ...
Morrongiello Barbara A BA Psychology Department University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1 Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Past research confirms that parents extend much effort to teach their young children about safety, but little is known about this process. The present study examined mothers' use of teaching as a strategy to manage young children's risk of home injury and how this impacts children's hazard interactions. Mothers of ...
Burki J R JR London Spinal Cord Injury Centre, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, London, - - 2014
Aims:The majority of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) will develop neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD). These patients require a long-term urological follow-up. The follow-up protocol has varied across SCI units in the United Kingdom and Eire. We reviewed the long-term management in the SCI units to identify changes ...
Raja Junaid J Ross University School of Medicine, Miramar, FL, - - 2014
Use of GlideScope(®) videolaryngoscopes has significantly improved ease of glottic visualization and success in intubation compared to traditional direct laryngoscopy. Penetrating injuries from intubation with the GlideScope(®) are preventable. The most common etiology of Glidescope(®) injury is intubation technique errors. Injuries are generally located on the right aspect of the ...
Feddermann-Demont Nina N a Department of Neurology , University Hospital Zurich , Zurich , - - 2014
Abstract A concussion is a rare but potentially serious injury of football players. Thus, an immediate and valid diagnosis, estimate of severity and therapeutic management is required. To summarise the published information on management of concussion with respect to a safe return to play (RTP), a literature search was conducted. ...
Evans Vicki - - 2014
Every country around the world enjoys some sort of sport. The Olympics sees countries from all over the globe participate in elite sport, in both winter and summer competitions. Australia is widely known for cricket and rugby; America is known for baseball and gridiron football (among others). These sports are ...
Simón Carlos C Fundación IVI, Instituto Universitario IVI, Dept of Obst/Gynec, School of Medicine, Universidad de Valencia, INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA - - 2014
Endometrial scratching or injury was first suggested a decade ago as a simple intervention to improve endometrial receptivity in patients undergoing ART. More than a decade later, based on weak evidence some doctors have adopted this strategy, although there is not yet agreement about its real benefit. In this opinion ...
Zhang Quan Q School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China, - - 2014
Evidence-based medicine is advocated by WHO and adopted by developed countries for many years. In China, however, the selection of essential medicine and various medical insurance reimbursement schemes medicine is usually based on experts' experience of prescription practice which is under heavy critics resulting from the lack of related comparative ...
James Lachlan P LP School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
Volleyball is an increasingly popular team sport. As with any competitive sport, there is an inherent risk of injury that must be recognized and collaboratively managed. This article provides a practical approach to the management of volleyball injuries within a team or organization. A brief review of the epidemiological data ...
Tsermoulas Georgios G Neurosurgery Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom; - - 2014
Cranial trepanation is the oldest neurosurgical operation and its roots date back to prehistory. For many centuries, religion and mysticism were strongly linked to the cause of diseases, and trepanation was associated with superstitions such as releasing evil spirits from inside the skull. The Hippocratic treatise "On injuries of the ...
Thiagamoorthy G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Croydon University Hospital, 530 London Road, Croydon, Surrey, CR7 7YE, - - 2014
Perineal trauma affects approximately 350,000 women per annum in the United Kingdom (UK) and is associated with considerable morbidity. Symptoms are most severe following obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) compared with other grades of perineal trauma. The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) guidelines indicate that the rate of ...
Domingues Ana Patrícia AP Obstetrics Department, Maternidade Dr Daniel de Matos, Coimbra University Hospitals, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The authors aimed to assess the Portuguese circumstances concerning situations of medico-legal dispute in Obstetrics, evaluate the conclusions of technical-scientific opinions and analyze their consequences. The analysis of all cases of Obstetrics medical responsibility examined in Medico-legal Council since the creation of the National Institute of Legal Medicine was performed. ...
Cohen Mitchell Jay MJ Department of Surgery San Francisco General Hospital, The University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trauma remains the leading cause of death and morbidity worldwide and bleeding is the primary reason for this mortality. Over the past 11years there has been a paradigm shift in our understanding of coagulopathy after trauma. Specifically its incidence, biological drivers, clinical sequalie have been elucidated. From this understanding a ...
Montgomery Nadine N Royal Group of Hospitals, - - 2014
Common measures to establish spinal immobilisation at the scene of an accident include keeping the patient's head still, applying a rigid cervical collar and transporting the patient on a rigid spinal board to an emergency department. This article reviews the literature about spinal immobilisation practices in emergency settings, including best-practice ...
Sadeghi Mahsa M From the Departments of Medicine (MS) and Orthopaedics (BS), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; and International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (MS, - - 2014
The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate how whole-body vibration (WBV) or focal vibration (FV) would change spasticity in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). A search was conducted of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO electronic databases. A hand search was conducted of the bibliographies of articles and ...
Modock Jacqueline - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to explore the management of coexisting brain insult and acute lung injury to help guide clinicians in balancing what may appear to be competing goals. First, contemporary management of mechanically ventilated patients with either brain or lung injury diagnoses is reviewed, followed by a ...
Greeff Duncan R DR Dick White Referrals, Newmarket, - - 2014
This report describes the successful management of a carpal hyperextension injury in a cat using combined temporary transarticular internal and external skeletal fixation, without performing an arthrodesis. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of management of feline carpal hyperextension injuries in this fashion.
Wright Justin M JM Department of Family and Community Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
Head trauma accounts for a significant number of injuries in the wilderness setting. Concussions are possible sequelae of falls or encounters with unforeseen obstacles. Although not immediately life-threatening, concussions can be a source of significant short- and long-term morbidity. Diagnosis of a concussion in the wilderness may be challenging as ...
Makdissi Michael M BSc (Hons), MBBS, PhD, FACSP, Research Fellow, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Austin Campus, Melbourne Brain Centre, Heidelberg, Australasian College of Sports Physicians, Olympic Park Sports Medicine Centre, Melbourne, - - 2014
Concussion is common in many sports and recreational activities. It is thought to reflect a functional rather than structural injury to the brain. The clinical features are typically short-lived and usually resolve spontaneously. Complications, however, can occur and may include prolonged symptoms and/or cognitive deficits in the short term, as ...
Saad Karim S M KS Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
Ileum injury during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is an extremely rare complication. We describe the successful management of an inadvertently injured ileum during subcostal PCNL in a 12-year-old boy. Mechanism of injury, presentation and management will be discussed.
Fleming Mark E ME Department of Orthopaedics, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20889, - - 2014
The purpose of this report is to describe regenerative medicine applications in the management of complex injuries sustained by service members injured in support of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Improvements in body armor, resuscitative techniques and faster transport have translated into increased patient survivability and more complex wounds. ...
Liddle Jacki J UQ Centre for Clinical Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The ability to drive safely can be affected by an acquired brain injury. Following acquired brain injury, clients may experience driving disruptions, formal assessment, return to driving or permanent cessation. Health professionals may be involved in formal driving or component skills' assessment and rehabilitation, or interventions for continued community participation. ...
Christensen Doran M - - 2014
Although the spectrum of information related to diagnosis and management of radiation injuries and illnesses is vast and as radiation contamination incidents are rare, most emergency practitioners have had little to no practical experience with such cases. Exposures to ionizing radiation and internal contamination with radioactive materials can cause significant ...
Walther Carl P CP University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Department of Medicine, Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Houston, - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines are intended to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in order to improve both patient outcomes and resource utilization, using evidence-based criteria. As recently as a decade ago, there was no agreed upon definition of acute kidney injury (AKI), making it difficult to conduct proper clinical ...
Tavender Emma J - - 2014
Mild traumatic brain injury is a frequent cause of presentation to emergency departments. Despite the availability of clinical practice guidelines in this area, there is variation in practice. One of the aims of the Neurotrauma Evidence Translation program is to develop and evaluate a targeted, theory- and evidence-informed intervention to ...
Goutos I I Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, - - 2014
Extravasation injuries are common emergencies in clinical practice. If they are not recognized and treated promptly, they can lead to deleterious functional and cosmetic outcomes. There is a vast range of agents involved in these injuries and marked paucity of evidence to support their specific management. Following an extensive literature ...
Hoogmartens Olivier - - 2014
Abstract Objective. This study appraised the completeness and level of evidence behind prehospital recommendations in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for management of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Differences and similarities in key recommendations for prehospital emergency care were assessed between current CPGs. Methods. A systematic search identified current evidence-based CPGs ...
El Bitar Youssef F - - 2014
Management of injuries to the articular cartilage is complex and challenging; it becomes especially problematic in weight-bearing joints such as the hip. Several causes of articular cartilage damage have been described, including trauma, labral tears, and femoroacetabular impingement, among others. Because articular cartilage has little capacity for healing, nonsurgical management ...
Yang Jie J Department of Chronic Disease Control, Jiangsu Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, - - 2014
Electric bike (E-bike)-related deaths have been increasing rapidly in China and such injuries may be partly attributable to unsafe riding practice. To describe potentially unsafe riding behaviours among electric bikers (E-bikers) and to investigate factors influencing these practices in China. In September 2012, a cross-sectional observation study including a speed ...
Langer Vijay V Department of Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Army Hospital (Research and Referral), New Delhi 110010, - - 2014
Management of major limb injuries is a daunting challenge, especially as many of these patients have severe associated injuries. In trying to save life, often the limb is sacrificed. The existing guidelines on managing such trauma are often confusing. There is scope to lay down such protocols along with the ...
Benson G G NHS and Territorial Army, Glan Clwyd Hospital, Rhuddlan Road, Bodelwyddan, Rhyl LL18 5UJ. - - 2014
The military hospital at camp bastion Afghanistan is reputed to be the world's busiest trauma centre. Much has been learnt there in the field of managing massive haemorrhage, the protocols used by the military show a significantly higher survival rate than might be expected of such injuries. This article aims ...
- - 2014
This comment relates to articles published in archived content of the journal Head and Neck Oncology and is not related to the content of BMC Medicine in any way.
Tolerton Sarah K SK Department of Hand Surgery and Peripheral Nerve Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
This review article describes the contribution of Australian authors to the basic science and clinical management of flexor tendon injuries.
Negishi Ryoju R Department of Gastroenterology, Itabashi Chuo Medical - - 2014
A 57-year-old man was admitted with pruritus and jaundice following treatment for fatigue with the herbal medicine Hochuekkito. The patient was prescribed prednisolone and ursodeoxycholic acid, but he developed progressive cholestasis that required intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy. After treatment with plasma exchange for prolonged prothrombin time, the patient recovered; however, ...
Stępień Robert R Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Locomotor System, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Severe, multitissue hand injuries constitute a serious problem of the modern world. Despite investing significant funds in their management these injuries often exclude young people from professional life. It is often due to improper management conducted by untrained personnel lacking appropriate instruments. The goal of this work is ...
Chekijian Sharon S 0000-0001-5514-3349 Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 464 Congress Avenue, Suite 260, New Haven, CT 06519, - - 2014
Background. Road traffic crash fatalities in the United States are at the lowest level since 1950. The reduction in crash injury burden is attributed to several factors: public education and prevention programs, traffic safety policies and enforcement, improvements in vehicle design, and prehospital services coupled with emergency and acute trauma ...
Berdai Mohamed Adnane MA Child and Mother Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital Hassan II, Sidi Hrazem Avenue, 30000 Fes, - - 2014
Peganum harmala L. is a plant widely distributed in the Mediterranean region. It is commonly used in traditional medicine in Morocco as sedative and abortifacient but exposes users to the risk of overdose and poisoning. The pharmacologically active compounds of this plant include a number of β -carboline and quinazoline ...
Wong Ka Woon KW Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ashford & St Peters' Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, Guildford Road, Chertsey KT16 0PZ, United - - 2013
The angle at which a mediolateral episiotomy is incised is critical to the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). When a mediolateral episiotomy is incised at least 60 degrees from the midline it is protective to the anal sphincter. The objective of our study was to investigate how accoucheurs ...
Meier Curtis - - 2013
Research has highlighted potential for changes in the technique and implementation of the bag-valve-mask system, a common piece of equipment used during resuscitation attempts to ventilate patients' lungs and deliver oxygen. This article analyses a critical incident involving a patient who experienced traumatic brain injury and required airway management. In ...
Shane Eric R ER Chiropractor, Private Practice, Santa Monica, - - 2013
The purpose of this case series is to report how the symptom section of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) was used to manage athletes with concussions in a high school training room setting and to address the need for SCAT2 baseline measurements. During a 4-month period, 3 doctors ...
Kubo Jessica T - - 2013
Prior research has shown increased risk of injury for female employees compared to male employees after controlling for job and tasks, but have not explored whether this increased risk might be moderated by manager gender. The gender of one's manager could in theory affect injury rates among male and female ...
Osbahr Daryl C - - 2013
Syndesmosis sprains in the National Football League (NFL) can be a persistent source of disability, especially compared with lateral ankle injuries. This study evaluated syndesmosis and lateral ankle sprains in NFL players to allow for better identification and management of these injuries. Syndesmosis and lateral ankle sprains from a single ...
Dick Randall W - - 2013
Performing artists are athletes. Like athletes, performing artists practice and/or perform most days with little off season, play through pain, "compete" in challenging environments, and risk career-threatening injury. Athletes and the Arts is a multiorganizational initiative linking the sport athlete and musician/performing artist communities. Performing artists of all ages and ...
Murray Patrick T - - 2013
Over the last decade there has been considerable progress in the discovery and development of biomarkers of kidney disease, and several have now been evaluated in different clinical settings. Although there is a growing literature on the performance of various biomarkers in clinical studies, there is limited information on how ...
Atabaki Shireen M - - 2013
Acute recognition and management of traumatic brain injury along the spectrum from mild to severe is essential in optimizing neurocognitive outcomes. Concussion is common following head trauma in children, and resulting symptoms can last for months if not diagnosed and managed properly. Emerging evidence and consensus demonstrate that a program ...
Oral A - - 2013
One of the objectives of the Professional Practice Committee (PPC) of the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) Section of the Union of European Medical Specialists (UEMS) is the development of the field of competence of PRM physicians in Europe. To achieve this objective, UEMS PRM Section PPC has adopted a ...
1 2 3 4 5 >