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Cook Carly N CN School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia; Quantitative and Applied Ecology Group, School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evaluating the effectiveness of protected area management to help improve management outcomes is becoming an increasingly common practice. The evaluation tools developed and implemented in over 100 countries generally rely on the expert judgements of protected area managers. Despite the growing collection and use of management effectiveness evaluation data, there ...
Wang Xin X Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, - - 2014
Pharmacoeconomics is an important part of the postmarketing Chinese medicine (CM) evaluation, and postmarketing pharmacoeconomic evaluation can reveal the clinical and market value of CM. The purpose of establishing the guideline for pharmacoeconomic evaluation is to make the evaluation process and results regarding Chinese patent medicines both scientific and fair. ...
Inker Lesley A LA Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI) guideline for evaluation, classification, and stratification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was published in 2002. The KDOQI guideline was well accepted by the medical and public health communities, but concerns and criticisms arose as new evidence became available since the publication ...
Yamada Janet J 1The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The Evidence-Based Practice Identification and Change (EPIC) strategy is a multifaceted knowledge translation intervention. Although the intervention promoted evidence-based practice, the process of delivering the intervention components is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the construct validity of the Process Evaluation Checklist developed for monitoring ...
Stergiou-Kita Mary M Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Room 914, University of Toronto, 16-500 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, and Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Science, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop an inter-professional clinical practice guideline for vocational evaluation following severe burn. The Canadian Medical Association's (CMA) handbook on clinical practice guideline and the appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation (AGREE) were used to develop the guideline. The following steps from the CMA handbook were followed: (1) identifying ...
Barnajian Moshe M Colorectal Surgery Institute, Glendale Memorial Hospital, Glendale, California, United - - 2014
We read with interest the article by Zhuo et al(1) and have a question for the authors as well as wishing to make our own observation for their comment. Simple sinus tracks commonly fill with mucus and disappear on subsequent radiographic evaluation. These may then become radiographically apparent when the ...
Bonder Alan A Liver Center, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 110 Francis street Suite 8E, Boston, MA, 02215, - - 2014
The evaluation of liver fibrosis is critical, particularly to rule out cirrhosis. Novel non-invasive tests such as transient ultrasound elastography are widely used to stage liver fibrosis as an alternative to liver biopsy, and this technology has recently been approved in the US. In this review, we discuss the performance ...
Levin Adeera - - 2013
The 2012 KDIGO Guideline for CKD evaluation, classification, and management has updated the original 2002 KDOQI Guidelines, using newer data and addressing issues raised over the last decade concerning definitions and assessment. This review highlights the key aspects of the CKD guideline, and describes the rationale for specific wording and ...
Abraham Cheri M - - 2013
Pesticides commonly used in commercial greenhouse management were evaluated for compatibility with two biological control agents: a leafminer parasitoid (Diglyphus isaea [Walker]), and a predatory mite (Neoseiulus californicus [McGregor]). These natural enemies were exposed to miticides, fungicides, and insecticides targeting leafminers, thrips, and whiteflies, according to label directions in laboratory ...
Sadoughi Babak - - 2013
Hoarseness is a symptom of laryngeal dysfunction, without an existing consensus regarding its appropriate evaluation. A survey of laryngeal specialists is proposed to establish expert opinion on the methodology for evaluation of hoarseness, and to identify divergence of opinion regarding appropriate management. Cross-sectional survey. A 13-item questionnaire was submitted electronically ...
Pires Marcus Sandes - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate factors associated with infestation by Amblyomma cajennense on horses in two microregions of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Horses on 62 farms in the municipalities of the Itaguaí and Serrana microregions were evaluated between January and May 2009. The animals were ...
Koh Christopher - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) practice guidelines provide recommendations in diagnosing and managing patients with liver disease from available scientific evidence in combination with expert consensus opinions. AIM: To systematically review the evolution of recommendations from AASLD guidelines and identify gaps limiting the evidence-based ...
Reames Bradley N - - 2013
PURPOSESignificant concerns exist regarding the content and reliability of oncology clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report "Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust" established standards for developing trustworthy CPGs. By using these standards as a benchmark, we sought to evaluate recent oncology guidelines. METHODSCPGs and consensus statements ...
Levin Adeera - - 2013
The 2102 KDIGO Guidelines for CKD evaluation, classification, and management have updated the original 2002 KDOQI Guidelines, using newer data and addressing issues raised over the last decade concerning definitions and assessment. This commentary highlights the key aspects of the CKD guidelines, and describes the rationale for specific wording and ...
Hilton T J - - 2013
This practice-based, randomized clinical trial evaluated and compared the success of direct pulp capping in permanent teeth with MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) or CaOH (calcium hydroxide). Thirty-five practices in Northwest PRECEDENT were randomized to perform direct pulp caps with either CaOH (16 practices) or MTA (19 practices). Three hundred seventy-six ...
Dias André H - - 2013
Introduction. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is considered the best index of kidney function. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD)-Study equation has gained worldwide acceptance for estimating GFR from serum creatinine. Recently the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) group developed a new equation that claims to be more ...
Davidson Judy E - - 2013
This article evaluates the methodology used to develop the updated American College of Critical Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine Pain Agitation and Delirium (PAD) Guidelines in terms of (1) evaluating the role of a medical librarian in the guidelines development process; (2) summarizing the impressions of the guideline task ...
van Amsterdam Peter - - 2013
The European Medicines Agency's (EMA) 2011 guideline on bioanalytical method validation (BMV) was evaluated and subsequently intensely discussed by the European Bioanalysis Forum (EBF) during a 2-day workshop (EBF Workshop on the implementation of the EMA guideline on BMV, Château de Limelette, Limelette, Belgium, 15-16 March 2012). The goal of ...
Moolenaar Lobke M LM Center for Reproductive Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2013
To evaluate the methodologic quality of economic analyses published in the field of reproductive medicine. Systematic review. Centers for reproductive care. Infertility patients. We performed a Medline search to identify economic evaluation studies in reproductive medicine. We included studies that concerned interventions, evaluated costs and effects, and were published in ...
Kellum John A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious problem affecting millions and causing death and disability for many. In 2012, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes completed the first ever, international, multidisciplinary, clinical practice guideline for AKI. The guideline is based on evidence review and appraisal, and covers AKI ...
Posadzki Paul - - 2013
This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) aims to evaluate critically the evidence regarding the adverse effects of herbal medicines (HMs). Five electronic databases were searched to identify all relevant SRs, with 50 SRs of 50 different HMs meeting our inclusion criteria. Most had only minor weaknesses in methods. Serious adverse ...
Lee Una J UJ Section of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
To better understand experts' perceptions of the definition of overactive bladder (OAB) and the evaluation and treatment of OAB in women. OAB has been defined by the International Continence Society as "urinary urgency, with or without urge urinary incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia." Under the current definition, people with ...
Wang Chengxiao - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To design and evaluate a novel pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) patch containing traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) using styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) copolymer. Method: A mixture D-optimal design with ternary response surface diagram was employed in the optimization process. The proportions of SIS copolymer, tackifying resin and plasticizer were selected as ...
Lin Mingbao - - 2013
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) widely exists in many plants, which are used as medicinal substances in traditional Chinese medicine injectables (TCMIs) that have been widely applied in clinical treatments. However, it is still controversial whether CGA is responsible for TCMIs-related hypersensitivity. Several studies have been performed to evaluate its potential sensitization ...
Pasche Emilie E Division of Medical Information Sciences, University Hospitals of Geneva and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
Improving antibiotic prescribing practices is an important public-health priority given the widespread antimicrobial resistance. Establishing clinical practice guidelines is crucial to this effort, but their development is a complex task and their quality is directly related to the methodology and source of knowledge used. We present the design and the ...
Chen Yu Y Guang'anmen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100053, China ; Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110016, - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the beneficial and adverse effects of Wenxin Keli (WXKL), alone or combined with Western medicine, on P-wave dispersion (Pd) and maintenance of sinus rhythm for the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Methods. Seven major electronic databases were searched to retrieve randomized controlled trials (RCTs) designed to ...
Dodds Sally E SE Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 245153, Tucson, AZ 85724-5153, - - 2013
Integrative medicine (IM) is a clinical paradigm of whole person healthcare that combines appropriate conventional and complementary medicine (CM) treatments. Studies of integrative healthcare systems and theory-driven evaluations of IM practice models need to be undertaken. Two health services research methods can strengthen the validity of IM healthcare studies, practice ...
Nam Sung-Jin - - 2012
Recent advances in bronchoscopy have led to changes in clinical diagnostics and therapeutics in pulmonary medicine. In diagnostic bronchoscopy, there have also been new developments in endobronchial ultrasound technology which may be incorporated into clinical practice in the near future. Functional bronchoscopy, which evaluates information such as airway pressure, airflow, ...
Chapa Deborah - - 2013
The purpose of this article is two-fold. The first is to describe preappraised evidence sources or a top-down approach to obtaining the best available evidence. The second purpose of the article is to describe how to incorporate preappraised evidence into clinical decision making with the Best Practice Decision Guide. The ...
He Jia - - 2012
Nowadays, a great number of traditional Chinese patent medicine (TCPM) are used more and more widely to treat cerebral infarction in China. When great attention is paid to using TCPM in the real world, several problems can be identified: ignoring the Chinese medicine (CM) therapeutic principle based on syndrome differentiation, ...
Steffer Karen J - - 2012
The practical diagnostic value of fecal analysis in the evaluation of patients with chronic nonbloody diarrhea is controversial. It is possible that variations in its value depend on how it is done and how the results are interpreted rather than on its intrinsic value. In the authors' city, stool analysis ...
Fiołka Marta J - - 2012
Medicines are mostly obtained from natural resources such as plants. It is known that animals are a source of many therapeutics. Zootherapy is widespread across most human cultures (El-Kamali 2000; Lev 2003; Machkour-M΄Rabet et al. 2011). The medicinal value of earthworms has been widely known since the history of Asian ...
Nayyar Rishi - - 2012
Functional evaluation of the renal unit has often been quoted as a standard practice for management of stone disease of the upper urinary tract. However, there is very little available evidence from the existing literature to directly support or refute this practice. Here we try to critically review the existing ...
Lu Jun-Zhang - - 2012
To systematically assess the clinical effectiveness of Chinese medicines for prevention and treatment of radiation esophagitis by meta-analysis. The articles were mainly retrieved from the "CHKD (China Hospital Knowledge Database) periodical full text databank", the "China periodical full text databank", the "CHKD doctor's and Master's degree student full text databank", ...
Li Zhenyu - - 2012
Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), became the major pest of Brassica vegetable production in Guangdong, a province in southeastern China, in the late 1980s and has continued to challenge growers, particularly during the spring and autumn. Control has relied on insecticides and, as has happened in other parts ...
Wu Mengjiao - - 2012
Traditional Chinese medicine has been used to treat disease in China for more than five thousand years. Over the last few decades it has been used increasingly in other countries as well. As its use has spread, interest in the adverse effects of traditional Chinese medicine, including epilepsy and epileptic ...
Wang Guqi - - 2012
Contemporary Western medicines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), although available in China, have high costs, or major side effects and limited effectiveness. Research efforts have focused on looking for natural products as alternative medicines with low cost and ...
Yuwen Ya - - 2012
To analyze the clinical practice guideline (CPG) development on 11 common diseases with Chinese medicine (CM) interventions in China. The CPGs of 11 common diseases which could be treated effectively with CM had been published between 1980 and 2010 in China. The 11 diseases include coronary heart disease (angina pectoris), ...
Booker Anthony - - 2012
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Value chain analyses are commonly used to understand socioeconomic and power relationships in the production chain from the initial starting material to a final (generally high value) product. These analyses help in terms of understanding economic processes but also have been used in the context of ...
Young Jeanne - - 2012
The overall goal of this series is to detail the paradigm shift that proteomics will bring to the practice of pediatric medicine and research. Proteomics is the global study of proteins in a biological system, tissue or bodily fluid. This first review will provide a brief overview of proteomics and ...
Xutian Stevenson - - 2012
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has made great contributions to human history, especially in China, as has been recorded for thousands of years. The characteristics of TCM in both theory and practice make it different from Conventional Western Medicine (CWM). The characteristics of TCM include phenomenological, philosophical, and methodological aspects. This ...
Nair Rajesh - - 2012
Emperor Shen-Nung was the second of China's mythical emperors (3500-2600 BCE). Widely considered the father of Chinese medicine, he catalogued over 365 species of medicinal plants which he personally tasted. Through his treatise 'Shen Nung Benchau Jing', we relive Emperor Shen-Nung's contribution to urology with reference to his management of ...
Huang Yushan - - 2012
Chinese herbal medicines are commonly used to treat sore throat in China and are used worldwide by practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Their efficacy in treating sore throat has not previously been systematically reviewed. To assess the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicines for patients with sore throat. ...
Shu Min - - 2012
Mumps is an infectious disease caused by the mumps virus. Chinese physicians generally believe that Chinese medicinal herbs are effective in alleviating symptoms and reducing the duration of mumps. Herbalists tend to develop a treatment plan according to the individual's symptoms. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicinal ...
Absalón-Medina Victor Antonio - - 2012
Market information was combined with predicted input-output relationships in an economic analysis of alternative nutritional management for dual-purpose member herds of the Genesis farmer organization of central coastal Veracruz, Mexico. Cow productivity outcomes for typical management and alternative feeding scenarios were obtained from structured sets of simulations in a companion ...
Song P P - - 2011
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a typical traditional medicine (TM) with a long-standing history of preventing and curing diseases in China and other countries in East Asia. Standardization of TCM has been a topic of discussion over the past few decades in China with the goal of promoting advances in ...
Shanmugasundaram Jothiganesh - - 2011
In Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), a growth of healthcare centres, and the environmental hazards and public health risks typically accompanying them, increased the need for healthcare waste (HCW) management planning. An effective planning of an HCW management system including components such as the treatment plant siting and an ...
Paoli L - - 2012
The diversity of epiphytic lichens and the accumulation of selected trace elements in the lichen Flavoparmelia caperata L. (Hale) were used as indicators of pollution around a landfill in central Italy along 14 years of waste management. Lichens revealed an increased deposition for some elements (i.e., Cd, Cr, Fe and ...
Getahun T - - 2011
As one of cities in the developing countries, a rapid population growth and industrial activities pose many environmental challenges for Jimma city, Ethiopia. One aspect of urban growth posing a threat on sustainable development is poor solid waste management, which results in environmental pollution. The purpose of this study is ...
Haylamicheal Israel Deneke - - 2011
The management of healthcare waste (HCW) requires special attention due to the risk posed by the presence of hazardous waste. The first step towards this is the issuance of national legislation complemented by policy documents, regulations and technical guidelines. In Ethiopia there is no specific legislation for healthcare waste management ...
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