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Gutenstein Marc M Department of Emergency Medicine, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Human psychology, neuroscience and behavioural economics study the human mind, brain and behaviour. Scientific research has discovered a great deal about the factors that influence human perception, judgment and activity in the real world. In this article, I aim to provide an outline of the relationship between decision-making, cognition, emotion ...
Dutton Sharon C SC Radiation Oncology Centers, Radiological Associates of Sacramento, Sacramento, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Radiologists today practice in diverse environments in addition to the traditional private practice model. Practice environments are evolving at a rapid rate, and the ACR Commission on Human Resources previously detailed the distribution of radiologists in practice in its workforce survey. Here, the commission describes the key practice options available ...
Donzelli Gianpaolo G Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health - University of - - 2014
Abstract The main purpose of medical humanities is to integrate scientific knowledge ofthe human body with humanistic knowledge of the patient's experiences within the context of their personal history. The healthcare dimension is created in line with a bio-psycho-social model of medicine that centres around the patient's person. In narrative ...
Derksen Maarten - - 2014
In the controversy that broke out in 1911 over Frederick W. Taylor's scientific management, many critics contended that it ignored "the human factor" and reduced workers to machines. Psychologists succeeded in positioning themselves as experts of the human factor, and their instruments and expertise as the necessary complement of Taylor's ...
Mukherjee Ambarish - - 2014
Ayurveda has been the main guiding force in drug discovery from traditional medicine. In concept, this system is rooted in folk or ethnomedicine and in practice it shows further refinement and development in accordance with local traditions. Isolation of active principles from crude drugs, their pharmacological evaluation, therapeutic proving and ...
Caneva Laura L European Medicines Agency, Specialised Scientific Disciplines Department 7 Westferry Circus, Canary Wharf, London E14 4HB, United - - 2014
In this article we analyse the Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) of 59 medicinal products for human use authorized in the EU through the centralised procedure between 2011 and 2012, to establish whether company submissions are compliant with the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) guideline and complete in terms of data and ...
Mercer Simon S Anaesthetic Department, Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, - - 2014
Human factors or non-technical skills are now commonplace in the medical literature, having taken the lead from the airline and nuclear industries and more recently Formula One motor racing. They have been suggested as playing a vital role in the success of the trauma teams in recent conflicts. This article ...
Dalfardi Behnam - - 2014
Ibn Sina (980-1037 AD), known by his full name Abu Ali al-Hussain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina and the Latin name 'Avicenna', was a Persian scholar who is primarily remembered for his contributions to the science of medicine. He authored Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine). Sections of his work are ...
Giri S - - 2014
Bristly luffa (Luffa echinata), a member of the cucurbitaceae family is an Ayurvedic medicinal plant, which has been used in the traditional system of medicine for variety of symptoms. The active constituents like cucurbitacin, saponin, echinatin, β-Sitosterol, oleanolic acid and flavonoids have important pathophysiological effects on human body. However, there ...
Crespi Bernard B Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, , Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada , V5A - - 2014
We introduce the field of Hamiltonian medicine, which centres on the roles of genetic relatedness in human health and disease. Hamiltonian medicine represents the application of basic social-evolution theory, for interactions involving kinship, to core issues in medicine such as pathogens, cancer, optimal growth and mental illness. It encompasses three ...
Buchholzer Marie-Luise ML Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte, BfArM), Kurt-Georg-Kiesinger-Allee 3, 53175 Bonn, Germany. BfArM is an independent higher federal authority within the portfolio of the Federal Ministry of Health. Electronic address: - - 2013
For active substances of botanical, mineral or chemical origin processed in homeopathic medicinal products for human use, the adequate safety principles as with other human medicinal products are applied in line with the European regulatory framework. In homeopathy, nonclinical safety assessment is facing a particular challenge because of a multitude ...
Carter J - - 2013
The history of human and veterinary anaesthesia is both intertwined and parallel. Physicians and anaesthetists often first experimented on animals and developments from human anaesthesia have been incorporated into veterinary medicine. Within veterinary medicine, anaesthesia is a specialty discipline as it is in human medicine. Veterinary anaesthetists undertake additional training ...
Salgia Ravi - - 2013
The SS1P immunotoxin is combined with immunomodulatory therapy in order to improve its efficacy in human mesothelioma (Hassan et al., this issue).
Noorman Merel - - 2013
The prospect of increasingly autonomous military robots has raised concerns about the obfuscation of human responsibility. This papers argues that whether or not and to what extent human actors are and will be considered to be responsible for the behavior of robotic systems is and will be the outcome of ...
Destrez A - - 2013
Between-farm variation in animal reactions to humans can reflect different management styles and behavioral tendencies among farmers. Animals are well-known to discriminate among humans, but less clear is the key issue of whether they more or less easily generalize their experience from specific humans to others depending on management style. ...
Heringa Jilles - - 2013
The Commission has proposed a regulation 'on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use' to introduce one regulatory framework for clinical trials in the European Union. This regulation should replace the current clinical trials directive (2001/20/EC). In this article we describe and critically review the main provisions of the ...
Kamalo P P Dept of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of - - 2013
Hydrocephalus has been known to affect humans since the birth of human medicine as it is described by Hippocrates. The management of this condition is however still dodged by challenges due to a poor understanding of its pathophysiology. The ventriculoperitoneal shunt presents considerable problems especially with respect to infection and ...
Syed Shamsuzzoha B - - 2013
The global flow of knowledge, skills, and ideas has been a defining feature of human progress. Different regions and peoples have contributed to and, indeed, led innovation development at various times in human history. From Africa to Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East, the current body of knowledge on ...
Sun Da-Zhi - - 2013
To explore advantages of Chinese medicine (CM) by analyzing differences in the origin of philosophy for human health between CM and Western medicine (WM). Methodologically, a distinctive feature of CM is its systems theory, which is also the difference between CM and WM. Since the birth of CM, it has ...
Roden D M - - 2013
This issue of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics is devoted to genomic medicine, and a reader may reasonably ask what we mean when we use those words. In the initial issue of the journal Genomics in 1987, McKusick and Ruddle pointed out that the descriptor "genome" had been coined in 1920 ...
Burrows Jeremy N - - 2013
SUMMARY Malaria is a disease that still affects a significant proportion of the global human population. Whilst advances have been made in lowering the numbers of cases and deaths, it is clear that a strategy based solely on disease control year on year, without reducing transmission and ultimately eradicating the ...
Ronel Natti - - 2013
The discourse regarding offender rehabilitation has been criticized by various scholars who have claimed that reducing negative causes and managing risk will not automatically prompt positive human development and elements that are associated with desistance. Positive criminology is an innovative concept that challenges the common preoccupation with negative elements, by ...
Campbell Madeleine L H - - 2013
Veterinarians have a key role in providing medical care for sports horses during and between competitions, but the standard client:veterinarian relationship that exists in companion and production animal medicine is distorted by the involvement of third parties in sports medicine, resulting in distinct ethical dilemmas which warrant focused academic attention. ...
Adekoya B J - - 2013
There is a paucity of data onthe human resourcesand ophthalmic equipmentavailable for the diagnosis and management of glaucoma in Nigeria. This study is aimed at describing the ophthalmic human resources, as well as available and functioning equipment used in diagnosing and managing glaucoma in Lagos State, Nigeria. This was a ...
Reverón Rafael Romero - - 2013
José María Vargas (1786-1854): Venezuelan medical doctor, surgeon, optician, anatomist, chemist, botanist, professor, geologist, mineralogist, and mathematician. Second President of Venezuela (1835-1836), First republican dean, he reformed medicine studies in 1827 establishing human anatomical dissection in the Universidad Central de Venezuela where he taught human anatomy between 1827 and 1853 ...
Grote Gudela - - 2013
It is frequently lamented that human factors and ergonomics knowledge does not receive the attention and consideration that it deserves. In this paper I argue that in order to change this situation human factors/ergonomics based system design needs to be positioned as a strategic task within a conceptual framework that ...
Lee Chan-Kyu - - 2013
Authors studied how Claude Bernard, the first founder of experimental medicine, contributed significantly to establishment of modernism and influenced European modern culture. Authors first studied his views on modernity, comparing with Descartes and Magendie, and on the similarity between "Experimental medicine" and the European literature in the 19th century. Bernard ...
Bhatia Saloni - - 2013
Attempts to minimize the effects of human-wildlife conflict (HWC) on conservation goals require an understanding of the mechanisms by which such conflicts are caused and sustained. This necessitates looking beyond the natural sciences to the human dimensions of wildlife management. Public dissemination of information regarding HWC occurs largely through the ...
Dugdale Lydia S - - 2013
The scenario could not have been more grim. Mrs. Carr had been fitted with a breathing tube for surgery, but the doctors were unable to wean her from the ventilator due to recurrent episodes of life-threatening infection. She could not eat because of the ventilator, so she received nutrition through ...
Doarn Charles R - - 2013
Over the past 50 years, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has interacted with numerous advisory committees. These committees include those established by NASA, the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, or through Congressional oversight. Such groups have had a relatively passive role while providing sage advice ...
Bag Anwesa - - 2013
Medicinal plants are part and parcel of human society to combat diseases from the dawn of civilization. Terminalia chebula Retz. (Fam. Combretaceae), is called the 'King of Medicine' in Tibet and is always listed at the top of the list of 'Ayurvedic Materia Medica' because of its extraordinary power of ...
Caserto B G - - 2013
Rhabdomyosarcomas are a diverse group of malignant mesenchymal neoplasms exhibiting variable levels of differentiation toward skeletal myocytes. Neoplastic cells may resemble relatively undifferentiated myoblasts, satellite cells, or more differentiated elongated spindle cells and multicellular myotubes. In veterinary medicine, classification into subtypes and variants is based on an outdated system derived ...
Sugimura Haruhiko - - 2013
Even though the small intestine occupies a major portion of the abdominal space and is essential for life, in most pathology textbooks any chapter on small intestinal diseases, especially in human beings, is typically shorter than those for other gastrointestinal organs. Clinical and experimental investigations of the small intestine in ...
Sadatsafavi Hessam - - 2013
Purpose of the Paper: The purpose of this study is to provide healthcare organizations with a new perspective for developing strategies to enrich their human resource capabilities and improve their performance outcomes. The focus of this study is on leveraging the synergy between organizational management strategies and environmental design interventions.Background: ...
Curtis Eric K - - 2013
Narrative medicine seeks to improve clinical effectiveness through narrative training in reading and writing. Stories give meaning to experience and encourage communication between doctors and patients by honoring the basic human need to recognize and be recognized. Learning how to receive and tell stories, practiced through close reading, group discussion, ...
Dias Deborah Penteado Martins - - 2013
Thrombophlebitis of the jugular vein is commonly observed in horses, particularly during intensive care, and leads to local and systemic inflammatory responses as well as head and neck circulatory impairment. Thrombolytic therapy is widely used in human practice with the aim of thrombus dissolution and recanalization of the injured vessels. ...
Hasani-Ranjbar Shirin - - 2013
Obesity is the most prevalent health problem affecting all age groups, and leads to many complications in the form of chronic heart disease, diabetes mellitus Type 2 and stroke. A systematic review about safety and efficacy of herbal medicines in the management of obesity in human was carried out by ...
Anastasio A - - 2013
Translational Research means different things to different people, but it seems crucial to almost everyone. This discipline, although defined differently in academia, regulatory institutions, and industry, shares the fundamental vision of Translational Medicine, which efficiently and effectively translates basic scientific findings relevant to human disease into knowledge that benefits patients. ...
Solez Kim - - 2013
The "technological singularity" is defined as that putative point in time forecasted to occur in the mid twenty-first century when machines will become smarter than humans, leading humans and machines to merge. It is hypothesized that this event will have a profound influence on medicine and population health. This work ...
Schmidt Michael A - - 2013
Space flight is one of the most extreme conditions encountered by humans. Advances in Omics methodologies (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics) have revealed that unique differences exist between individuals. These differences can be amplified in extreme conditions, such as space flight. A better understanding of individual differences may allow us ...
Samul Dorota D Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poznań, - - 2013
Bacteria of the Clostridium genus are often described only as a biological threat and a foe of mankind. However, many of them have positive properties and thanks to them they may be used in many industry branches (e.g., in solvents and alcohol production, in medicine, and also in esthetic cosmetology). ...
Talarico Giorgio G University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
This research has been carried out to transmit a multidisciplinary knowledge of esthetics in society and in the field of science (psychology, sociology, philosophy, medicine, art, ethics). This knowledge is necessary to ensure that esthetic doctors who deal with esthetic medicine may, through their intervention - which is not only ...
Mavrodi Alexandra - - 2013
Ever since man started to study systematically medicine for the first time he recognized the value of the knowledge of Anatomy in order to safely cut and treat the human body. However, over the centuries it has been proved that Anatomy is more than just a scientific field of medicine. ...
Grattoni Alessandro - - 2012
One purpose of the International Space Station (ISS) is to explore powerful new areas of biomedical science in microgravity. Recent advances in nanotechnology applied to medicine--what we now refer to as nano-medicine--and regenerative medicine have enormous untapped potential for future space and terrestrial medical applications. Novel means for drug delivery ...
Erolin Caroline - - 2012
We present a reconstruction of Avicenna's face from the only photograph of his skull available today. The photograph is more than 50years old, and was obtained during the exhumation of Avicenna's tomb in Hamadan for relocation. The reconstruction procedure was performed by the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at ...
Liu Xiao-Juan - - 2012
Rice and drinking water are recognized as the dominant sources of arsenic (As) for human intake, while little is known about As accumulation and speciation in Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHMs), which have been available for many hundreds of years for the treatment of diseases in both eastern and western cultures. ...
Surico N - - 2012
Medicine is a collection of science, technology and human values. Nowadays, the most modern paradigm of medicine is based on the combination of man's vulnerability and his need for healthcare, both in a technical-pharmacological sense, but more importantly, with regard to human relations. Of course, the solidarity perspective must represent ...
Griffith Richard - - 2012
The Human Medicines Regulations 2012 are a major consolidation of medicines law. They largely replace the Medicines Act 1968 and some 200 further pieces of secondary legislation, including the Prescription Only Medicines (Human Use) Order 1997 that defined and set out the authority of non-medical prescribers.
Mahima - - 2012
Herbs/Botanical plants are considered as God's gift to human beings in the form of natural medicines, like the one well known "Sanjeevani booti" described in Hindu Mythology. The traditional and ethno-veterinary practices have been in use for centuries, transferring the knowledge from generation to generation and they are accessible, easy ...
Whay H R - - 2012
Many 'influencers' allied to the agricultural industry support farmers to implement management changes that affect animal welfare. Developing approaches to working with farmers that achieve both engagement and subsequently management changes is critical. As an example, the generation of action points and implementation of change to control dairy cattle lameness ...
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