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Vand Rajabpour Fatemeh F Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Forty-five percent of the human genome is composed of Transposable Elements (TEs); therefore, TEs have had an undisputed impact on evolution of the most evolved creature by a very simple mechanism of action.  Scientists have been studying this simple mechanism of action and are currently using it to develop efficient ...
Okano Hideyuki H Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine , Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
It is my great pleasure to announce that we were able to publish the Japan Issue in Stem Cells and Development, especially in this year 2014. This year, 2014, is said to be the First Year of Regenerative Medicine in Japan. This movement is likely to be based on the ...
Jamous Khalid F KF School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Centre for Eye Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Guidelines for the screening, prognosis, diagnosis, management and prevention of glaucoma were released by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council in 2010. Comparable guidance has been made available by respective bodies in the USA and UK at a similar time. Key to successful translation of guidelines into clinical ...
Mutie M M Discipline of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The international traveller needs to plan ahead to ensure medicines are available and used as directed for optimal therapeutic outcome. The planning needs to take account of legal and customs requirements for travelling with medicines for personal use. The standard advice by travel health providers is that travellers should check ...
Rico-Alba Israel I Health Sciences School, University of the Valley of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico; Departament de Farmacologia, Terapèutica i Toxicologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, - - 2014
The aims were to analyze the dynamics of the medicines formulary in a middle-income country and to analyze the concordance of the included medicines with the national Clinical Practices Guidelines (CPG). Medicines and their indications of use included in the Mexican Reference Drug List (Mex-RDL) from 1996 to 2013 were ...
Hassali Mohamed Azmi MA Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review was conducted to document published literature related to physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of generic medicines in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and to compare the findings with high-income countries. A systematic search of articles published in peer-reviewed journals from January 2001 to February 2013 was performed. The ...
Yilmaz Ozge O Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences Department, Clemson University, Anderson, SC, - - 2014
Hazardous waste (HW) generation information is an absolute necessity for ensuring the proper planning, implementation, and monitoring of any waste management system. Unfortunately, environmental agencies in developing countries face difficulties in gathering data directly from the creators of such wastes. It is possible, however, to construct theoretical HW inventories using ...
Oosterhuis Wytze P - - 2014
Abstract The profession of laboratory medicine differs between countries within the European Union (EU) in many respects. The objective of professional organizations of the promotion of mutual recognition of specialists within the EU is closely related to the free movement of people. This policy translates to equivalence of standards and ...
Dey Priyankar P Department of Zoology, Cellular Immunology Laboratory, University of North Bengal, Siliguri, West Bengal, - - 2014
Phytomedicine is the oldest medical practice known to man. Since the dawn of mankind, various plant resources are used to cure different diseases and also for a long and healthy life. The ancient knowledge of plant based medicine has transferred from generations to generations and accumulated as ethnopharmacological knowledge among ...
Risso-Gill Isabelle I European Centre on the Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study explores the scope of practice of Obstetrics and Gynaecology specialists in Italy, Belgium and England, in light of the growth of professional and patient mobility within the EU which has raised concerns about a lack of standardisation of medical speciality practice and training. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted ...
Gruca Marta M Department of Bioscience - Research Group Ecoinformatics and Biodiversity, Aarhus University, Build. 1540, Ny Munkegade 114, DK-8000, Aarhus C, - - 2014
The Economic Botany Data Collection Standard (EBDCS) has been successfully followed by ethnobotanists investigating plant uses in many parts of the world. However, we have encountered some cases in our study of traditional medicine where the standard seems incomplete and inaccurate when it is applied to plant uses of rural ...
Stehrenberger Cécile Stephanie CS University of Zurich (Switzerland), Forschungsstelle für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Universität Zürich, Rämistrasse 64, 8001 Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper evaluates disaster medicine from a historical perspective that facilitates the understanding of its present. Today, disaster medicine and humanitarian medicine are inextricably linked and the terms are sometimes used synonymously. An in-depth analysis of an extensive body of concrete empirical cases from various sources (i.e. archival records) reveals, ...
Kirby Jeffrey J a Dalhousie - - 2014
This article explores the controversial practice of transnational gestational surrogacy and poses a provocative question: Does it have to be exploitative? Various existing models of exploitation are considered and a novel exploitation-evaluation heuristic is introduced to assist in the analysis of the potentially exploitative dimensions/elements of complex health-related practices. On ...
Svab Igor I University of Ljubljana Medical faculty, Department of family medicine, Poljanski nasip 58, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. - - 2014
The paper describes experiences in the development of an international textbook of family medicine. The process of its development has started in Slovenia, where the Slovenian authors have written a textbook, adhering strictly to the European definition of family medicine and its core competencies. The format and the approach were ...
Vranken Marjolein J M MJ Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology & Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Overregulation of controlled medicines is one the factors contributing to limited access to opioid medicines. The purpose of this study was to identify legal barriers to access to opioid medicines in 12 Eastern European countries participating in the ATOME project, using a quick scan method. A quick scan method to ...
Andreassen Tom - - 2014
Instead of impeding access to essential medicines in developing countries, the essay explores why and how patents can serve as a source of funding for the much needed access to medicine. Instead of a weakening of patents, prolonged protection periods are suggested in circumstances where there is widespread lack of ...
Bourdeau Patrick - - 2014
Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) caused by Leishmania infantum is a widespread endemic disease in SW Europe. This study was designed to determine how veterinarians clinically manage CanL in this region by analysing information collected in a questionnaire completed by local veterinarians working in clinics in France, Portugal, Greece, Spain, Italy and ...
Shin Jennifer J JJ Division of Otology and Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines make recommendations that are relevant to large populations of practitioners, patients, and administrators. Although not all individuals with interest can physically sit on each development panel, there are numerous opportunities for stakeholder involvement in the guideline development process. Such involvement is encouraged, particularly at the time of ...
Bazargani Yaser T YT Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, , Utrecht, The - - 2014
Access to medications for chronic disease management is limited in many low and middle-income countries (LMICs), resulting in suboptimal care and avoidable morbidity and mortality. We performed a survey of COPD and asthma medicines that appeared on the national essential medicines lists (NEMLs) of 32 LMICs. Nearly all countries (>90%) ...
Misra Usha Kant UK Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Status epilepticus (SE) is an emergency neurological problem, more common in the developing countries due to high incidence of infection, stroke and head injury. The protocol for management of SE is intravenous benzodiazepine, followed by phenytoin, valproate (VPA) and phenobarbitone and if uncontrolled general anesthesia (GA). World Federation of Neurology ...
Lionis Christos - - 2014
Irrational prescribing of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines in general practice is common in Southern Europe. Recent findings from a research project funded by the European Commission (FP7), the "OTC SOCIOMED", conducted in seven European countries, indicate that physicians in countries in the Mediterranean Europe region prescribe medicines to a higher degree ...
- - 2014
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether over the counter cough and cold medicines were associated with unexpected deaths in childhood. 115 papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of ...
Scholten Willem - - 2014
ABSTRACT Recently, the outcomes were published of the Global Opioid Policy Initiative, evaluating the availability, cost of opioid medicines and the regulatory barriers that are possibly impeding access for the management of cancer pain in developing countries. Other studies have shown that the vast majority of the world population has ...
Nguyen Tuan Anh TA Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia Pharmacoeconomic and Pharmaceutical Administration Department, Hanoi University of Pharmacy, 13-15 Le Thanh Tong St., Hanoi, Vietnam School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, High St, Kensington NSW 2052, Australia and Pharmaceutical Consultant, Adelaide Parade, Woollahra, NSW 2025, - - 2014
Pharmaceutical expenditure is rising globally. Most high-income countries have exercised pricing or purchasing strategies to address this pressure. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), however, usually have less regulated pharmaceutical markets and often lack feasible pricing or purchasing strategies, notwithstanding their wish to effectively manage medicine budgets. In high-income countries, most ...
Bazargani Y T YT Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, - - 2014
High cancer mortality rates in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have raised concerns regarding access to oncology medicines. Essential medicines are those which satisfy the primary health care needs and provide a basis for public procurement or reimbursement decisions in LMICs. We explored selection of oncology medicines in LMICs through ...
Cho Hyun-Woo HW Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Spine and Joint Center, Pusan National University Korean Medicine Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of - - 2014
The aims of this study were to investigate whether there is a gap between evidence of traditional medicine (TM) interventions in East-Asian countries from the current Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) and evidence from current systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SR-MAs) and to analyze the impact of this gap on present CPGs. ...
Bazargani Yaser T YT Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the - - 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO) promotes the development of national Essential Medicines Lists (EMLs) in order to improve the availability and use of medicines considered essential within health care systems. However, despite over 3 decades of international efforts, studies show an inconsistent pattern in the availability of essential medicines. We ...
Ahmad Zubair Z Section of Histopathology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan E-mail : - - 2014
Continued advances in the field of histo-pathology (and cyto-pathology) over the past two decades have resulted in dramatic changes in the manner in which these disciplines are now practiced. This is especially true in the setting of a large university hospital where the role of pathologists as clinicians (diagnosticians), undergraduate ...
Parikh P M PM On behalf of Breast Cancer Expert Group of Indian Cooperative Oncology Network (ICON Trust), - - 2014
The management of hormone receptor-positive Her2-negative breast cancer patients with advanced or metastatic disease is a common problem in India and other countries in this region. This expert group used data from published literature, practical experience, and opinion of a large group of academic oncologists, to arrive at practical consensus ...
Yin Chang Shik CS 0000-0001-7969-476X Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Republic of - - 2014
Objectives. Korean medicine, an integrated allopathic and traditional medicine, has developed unique characteristics and has been active in contributing to evidence-based medicine. Recent developments in Korean medicine have not been as well disseminated as traditional Chinese medicine. This introduction to recent developments in Korean medicine will draw attention to, and ...
Najafian Jamshid J Assistant Professor, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Obesity is a common health problem in both developed and developing countries. There are many unconventional therapies, including herbal medicine, to treat this condition. Some people believe that herbal medicines are safe. This case and review is about adverse complication of treating obesity with some herbal medicine. A 19 year ...
Godman Brian B Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge Stockholm, Sweden ; Medicines Use and Health, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde Glasgow, UK ; Liverpool Health Economics Centre, University of Liverpool Management School Liverpool, - - 2014
The appreciable growth in pharmaceutical expenditure has resulted in multiple initiatives across Europe to lower generic prices and enhance their utilization. However, considerable variation in their use and prices. Assess the influence of multiple supply and demand-side initiatives across Europe for established medicines to enhance prescribing efficiency before a decision ...
Lamarque Pénélope P Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine, Unité Mixte de recherche 5553, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, - - 2014
The ecosystem services (ES) concept has emerged and spread widely recently, to enhance the importance of preserving ecosystems through global change in order to maintain their benefits for human well-being. Numerous studies consider various dimensions of the interactions between ecosystems and land use via ES, but integrated research addressing the ...
Morel Thomas - - 2013
National payers across Europe have been increasingly looking into innovative reimbursement approaches - called managed entry agreements (MEAs) - to balance the need to provide rapid access to potentially beneficial orphan medicinal products (OMPs) with the requirements to circumscribe uncertainty, obtain best value for money or to ensure affordability. This ...
Kaló Zoltán - - 2013
Pharmaceutical companies adjust the pricing strategy of innovative medicines to the imperatives of their major markets. The ability of payers to influence the ex-factory price of new drugs depends on country population size and income per capita, among other factors. Differential pricing based on Ramsey principles is a 'second-best' solution ...
Nikolaev Vladimir G - - 2013
The review is devoted to analysis of the use of carbon sorbents for medicinal purposes in China and description of some innovative technologies in this field in Ukraine. The review underlines the presence of common roots of sorption therapy development in these two countries determined by pioneer works of Prof. ...
Sidra Sidra - - 2013
Eclipta alba is a small branched perennial herb, which has been used as a traditional medicine in different countries mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant E. alba plays a significant role in the ayurvedic, traditional and unani systems of medicine. It is popularly known as ...
Goihman-Yahr Mauricio - - 2013
From a personal vantage, the author tries to understand evolution of medicine and dermatology as relating to political, ideological,and economic factors.He analyzes the evolution of Venezuelan Dermatology research and practice from 1936 to present, relating it to the events that have taken place in that country during this period and ...
Garg S - - 2013
There are few studies that explore inspection practices of pharmaceutical facilities from the viewpoint of inspectors and industry employees. In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, inspectors and quality assurance staff from 4 Arab countries--the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan--were surveyed about their inspection practices and views. There was ...
Yeoh Allen E J AE Department of Paediatrics, National University Hospital, National University of Singapore, - - 2013
Survival for adults and children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia has risen substantially in recent years because use of improved risk-directed treatments and supportive care has widened. In nearly all developed countries, multidisciplinary panels of leukaemia experts have formulated clinical practice guidelines in which standard treatment approaches are recommended on the ...
Kaltenboeck Anna - - 2013
Access to safe, high-quality medicines is an important international healthcare issue. In developing countries, copy medicines may be attractive due to low acquisition price, but their potential risks due to inadequately demonstrated bioequivalence have garnered only limited attention. As a result, policy-makers, physicians and patients may have incomplete information regarding ...
Doua Joachim Y - - 2013
New medicines are registered after a resource-demanding process. Unfortunately, in low-income countries (LICs), demand outweighs resources. To facilitate registration in LICs, stringent review procedures of the European Medicines Agency (EMA Article-58), Food and Drug Administration (FDA PEPFAR-linked review) and WHO Prequalification programme have been established. Only the PEPFAR-linked review gives ...
Babar Zaheer-Ud-Din - - 2013
Almost 300 million people suffer from asthma, yet many in low- and middle-income countries have difficulty accessing essential asthma medicines. Availability, price and affordability of medicines are likely to affect access. Very few studies have included asthma medicines, particularly inhaled corticosteroids, in these countries. Reflections about international reference prices (IRPs) ...
Benskin Linda L L - - 2013
Health professionals are often absent in rural areas of tropical developing countries. Current wound management in this environment is costly and largely ineffective. Achieving effective wound management in this setting will require educating the lay health providers who manage wounds in villages. Two extensive literature searches were conducted using CINAHL ...
Tao Z G - - 2013
Influenza pandemics are a serious threat to public health in today's world. In the past 10 years, the outbreak of three forms of severe influenza - H5N1, H1N1, and H7N9 - has caused tremendous loss of life and property. In order to better cope with pandemics, antivirals such as oseltamivir ...
Cranston Mark - - 2013
Current information on the role of internists in the European countries is scarce. This report describes the results of a survey of the practice of internists in Europe. Two online questionnaire-based surveys were carried out by the European Board of Internal Medicine, one on the practice of internists and the ...
Cranston Mark - - 2013
Limited information exists on the framework and content of postgraduate education in internal medicine in Europe. This report describes the results of a survey of postgraduate training in internal medicine in the European countries. Two online questionnaire-based surveys were carried out by the European Board of Internal Medicine, one on ...
Leopold Christine - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that medicines prices in Europe converge over time as a result of policy measures such as external price referencing. To explore whether ex-factory prices of on-patented medicines in Western European countries have converged over a recent period of time. Prices of ten on-patent medicines in five ...
Lexchin Joel - - 2013
Canadian reports have recommended that health as a human right must be Canada's overarching global commitment and that the primacy of human rights should be prioritized over other elements of international law including international trade and investment law as it applies to access to pharmaceuticals. This paper uses a series ...
Kshirsagar Nilima A - - 2013
Clinical pharmacologists undertake many tasks, and this makes defining a curriculum challenging. This is especially so under the changing circumstances in developing countries, where clinical pharmacology has an expanding role. The clinical pharmacologist may be responsible for conducting ethical clinical trials, supporting the needs of the generic drug industry, providing ...
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