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Babis Deby D The Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
December 2013 marked a significant shift in Bolivia with the enactment of a law for the inclusion of indigenous doctors in the National Health System. This article traces the constellation of forces that led to the institutionalization of indigenous medicine in Bolivia. It identifies three factors contributing to this health ...
Panahi Jafar Rahimi JR Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Placement of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a blind procedure without requiring laryngoscopy. The reported success rate for LMA insertion at the first attempt is almost 95%; however, many functioning LMAs may not be in an ideal anatomic place. It seems that disposable LMAs have more stable cuff pressure compared ...
Katzman Lee R LR Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United - - 2014
Management of patients with persistent epithelial defects of the cornea can be challenging to even the seasoned ophthalmologist. It is essential that one understands not only the pathophysiology of the failure of the epithelium to migrate and close a wound appropriately, but also the mechanism of action of the available ...
Salvo Marissa M University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy, Storrs, CT, USA Community Health Center Inc, Meriden, CT, - - 2014
The new Joint National Committee 8 (JNC-8) blood pressure guidelines were recently published, and there are some major changes from JNC-7. There are also differences between JNC-8 and hypertension guidelines created by major organizations in North America and around the world published from 2013 to the present. In the face ...
Nakayachi Kazuya - - 2014
This research investigates the public's trust in risk-managing organizations after suffering serious damage from a major disaster. It is natural for public trust to decrease in organizations responsible for mitigating the damage. However, what about trust in organizations that address hazards not directly related to the disaster? Based on the ...
Guzman Gustavo G Gustavo Guzman, PhD, is Senior Lecturer, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: g.guzman@griffith.edu.au. Janna Anneke Fitzgerald, PhD, is Professor, Health Management, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: anneke.fitzgerald@griffith.edu.au. Liz Fulop, is Adjunct Professor, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: l.fulop@griffith.edu.au. Kathryn Hayes, is Adjunct Associate Professor, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: kathryn.hayes@griffith.edu.au. Arthur Poropat, is Senior Lecturer, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: Arthur.poropat@griffith.edu.au. Mark Avery, is Senior Lecturer, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: mark.avery@griffith.edu.au. Steve Campbell, is Professor, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia. E-mail: Steven.Campbell@utas.edu.au. Ron Fisher, is Adjunct Associate Professor, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: r.fisher@griffith.edu.au. Rod Gapp, is Senior Lecturer, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: r.gapp@griffith.edu.au. Carmel Herington, is Associate Professor, Macquarie University, Australia. E-mail: carmel.herington@mgsm.edu.au. Ruth McPhail, is Associate Professor, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: r.mcphail@griffith.edu.au. Nerina Vecchio, is Senior Lecturer, Griffith University, Australia. E-mail: - - 2014
In spite of significant investment in quality programs and activities, there is a persistent struggle to achieve quality outcomes and performance improvements within the constraints and support of sociopolitical parsimonies. Equally, such constraints have intensified the need to better understand the best practice methods for achieving quality improvements in health ...
Martin-Comin J J Department of Nuclear Medicine Bellvitge-IDIBELL University Hospital Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain - - - 2014
This paper presents the different views of the gastroenterologist, the radiologist and the nuclear medicine specialist in the management of inflammatory bowel disease. The role of clinical parameters and biochemical marker as well as the progressive use of the different imaging modalities: magnetic resonance, computerized tomography and nuclear medicine techniques ...
Pesch Lisa L Animal Healing Arts, PO Box 14625, Santa Rosa, CA 95402, USA; Pet Care Veterinary Hospital, East Campus, Holistic Medicine, 2425 Mendocino Avenue, Santa Rosa, CA 95403, USA; Veterinary Technology Program, Agriculture & Natural Resources, Santa Rosa Junior College, 1501 Mendocino Avenue, Santa Rosa, CA 95401, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Holistic veterinary medicine treats the whole patient including all physical and behavioral signs. The root cause of disease is treated at the same time as accompanying clinical signs. Herbal and nutritional supplements can help support tissue healing and proper organ functioning, thereby reducing the tendency of disease progression over time. ...
Conley Kevin M KM University of Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Objective : To present athletic trainers with recommendations for the content and administration of the preparticipation physical examination (PPE) as well as considerations for determining safe participation in sports and identifying disqualifying conditions. Background : Preparticipation physical examinations have been used routinely for nearly 40 years. However, considerable debate exists ...
Jiao Qing Q School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, - - 2014
Nanoparticles (NPs) have promising applications in medicine. Immune system is an important protective system to defend organisms from non-self matters. NPs interact with the immune system and modulate its function, leading to immunosuppression or immunostimulation. These modulating effects may bring benefits or danger. Compositions, sizes, and surface chemistry, and so ...
Tilley Elizabeth - - 2013
Abstract This paper presents findings from a qualitative research project on an English self-advocacy organization. In light of recent political and economic developments that have threatened the sustainability of a number of self-advocacy groups for people with intellectual disability, I seek to explore how one particular organization managed to survive ...
Basu Joydeep - - 2013
Regenerative biology/tissue engineering offers potential solutions for the repair and augmentation of diseased tissues and organs. Tissue engineering technology platforms currently under development for organ regeneration may function in part by recapitulating key mechanistic and signaling pathways associated with embryonic organogenesis. Temporal observations of observed morphological outcomes from the regeneration ...
Yalcinkaya Tamer M - - 2013
The goal of regenerative medicine is to repair, replace, or regenerate diseased tissues/organs in order to restore normal function. In this paper we will first discuss the general principle of regenerative medicine and the various techniques and approaches that have been used to replace or regenerate cells in diseased tissues ...
Machuca Tiago N - - 2013
After a brief review of conventional lung preservation, this article discusses the rationale behind ex vivo lung perfusion and how it has shifted the paradigm of organ preservation from conventional static cold ischemia to the utilization of functional normothermia, restoring the lung's own metabolism and its reparative processes. Technical aspects and ...
Kierans Ciara - - 2013
Organ donation is constructed in the UK as a public responsibility, but more particularly as an obligation for members of minority ethnic communities. This paper draws attention to the ways in which 'ethnicity' has been made problematic by the allocation practices of transplant medicine, health promotion discourses and policy developments. ...
Bianchi F J J A - - 2013
While the area of organic crop production increases at a global scale, the potential interactions between pest management in organic and conventionally managed systems have so far received little attention. Here, we evaluate the landscape-level codependence of insecticide-based and natural enemy-based pest management using a simulation model for parasitoid-host interactions ...
Binagwaho Agnes - - 2013
Agnes Binagwaho and colleagues describe Rwanda's experience of pharmacovigilance for malaria and tuberculosis, and call for a global treaty and leadership by the World Health Organization to address the global manufacture and trade in substandard and falsified medicines. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.
C Erikitola Ore-Oluwa - - 2013
Ocular trauma remains an important cause of blindness and visual impairment globally. It continues to pose a challenge because of its significant morbidity in terms of visual impairment and diminished quality of life. Although vision is our primary sensory organ, there still remains limited documentation on the incidence, prevalence and ...
Richert Roxann M - - 2013
Objective-To identify management factors associated with veterinary usage by organic and conventional dairy farms. Design-Prospective case-control study. Sample-292 farms. Procedures-Organic farms in New York, Oregon, and Wisconsin were matched to conventional farms on the basis of location and herd size. During a single herd visit, a questionnaire was administered, information ...
Chaten Frank C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The President's Council on Bioethics in 2008 reaffirmed the necessity of the dead donor rule and the legitimacy of the current criteria for diagnosing both neurological and cardiac death. In spite of this report, many have continued to express concerns about the ethics of donation after circulatory death, the ...
Fox Keith A A - - 2013
The innovative Spotlight of the Congress is "The heart interacting with systemic organs" For our patients, the interaction of cardiac conditions with other organs is fundamentally important to outcome, to safety and to clinical management. Related specialty areas have much to learn from each other and the ESC Congress 2013 ...
Fox K A A - - 2013
The innovative Spotlight of the Congress is "The heart interacting with systemic organs". For our patients, the interaction of cardiac conditions with other organs is fundamentally important to outcome, to safety and to clinical management. Related specialty areas have much to learn from each other and the ESC Congress 2013 ...
Shih Margaret - - 2013
Despite efforts to dispel discrimination, workplace discrimination still occurs. We introduce two classes of identity management strategies individuals use to mitigate the negative consequences of discrimination: identity switching (i.e., deemphasizing target identities and recategorizing to a more positively valued identity) and identity redefinition (i.e., stereotype reassociation and regeneration). Organizations adopting ...
Olden Peter C - - 2013
For those who manage organizations, it has been said that success does not come from predicting the future but instead comes from creating an organization that can succeed in an unpredictable future. Managers are responsible for creating such an organization. To do that, managers can apply management-related principles and methods. ...
Grampp Gustavo - - 2013
The manufacturing of biologic medicines (biologics) requires robust process and facility design, rigorous regulatory compliance, and a well-trained workforce. Because of the complex attributes of biologics and their sensitivity to production and handling conditions, manufacturing of these medicines also requires a high-reliability manufacturing organization. As required by regulators, such an ...
Siminoff Laura A LA Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. - - 2013
Successful transplant medicine hinges on consent to deceased organ donation. Yet rates of consent remain suboptimal. To increase the availability of transplantable organs, several policy strategies along with a rich body of evidence aimed at identifying best practices for obtaining consent have accumulated. This review describes past and current policies ...
Keshet Yael - - 2013
The paradox of embedded agency addresses the question of how embedded agents are able to conceive of new ideas and practices and then implement them in institutionalized organizations if social structures exert so powerful an influence on behavior, and agents operate within a framework of institutional constraints. This article proposes ...
Zaeimdar Mojgan - - 2013
Today, managing an organization is concerned with many problems. Adopting proper strategies can promote an organization's survival. This study aimed at developing an appropriate HSSE Strategy for regional operation associated companies of Iran National Gas Company (INGS) using SWOT analysis. The analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of ...
Hendaus M - - 2013
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a common issue in practice. The definition of FTT differs among authors and among practices. FTT is usually categorized into organic vs. non-organic. This paper is a review of different articles that contains the terms "failure to thrive". A Review of articles was performed using ...
Orlando Giuseppe - - 2012
This special issue of World Journal of Gastroenterology has been conceived to illustrate to gastroenterology operators the role that regenerative medicine (RM) will have in the progress of gastrointestinal (GI) medicine. RM is a multidisciplinary field aiming to replace, regenerate or repair diseased tissues or organs. The past decade has ...
Yagi Hiroshi - - 2012
Recovery from end-stage organ failure presents a challenge for the medical community, considering the limitations of extracorporeal assist devices and the shortage of donors when organ replacement is needed. There is a need for new methods to promote recovery from organ failure and regenerative medicine is an option that should ...
Sullivan Walter - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Surgeons, as they contemplate retirement, wrongly believe that their practices do not have financial value. In fact, a well-organized efficiently functioning office with an emphasis on excellent service in combination with a constant stream of patients make it financially ideal for the new surgeon. Being able to assume such ...
Boullata Joseph I - - 2012
Background: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a high-alert medication for which safe practice guidelines are available. Recent adverse events associated with PN have been widely reported. A survey of current practices was indicated as new guidelines are being considered. Methods: A web-based survey consisting of 70 items was made available for ...
Olden Peter C - - 2012
Managers at all levels in a health care organization must organize work to achieve the organization's mission and goals. This requires managers to decide the organization structure, which involves dividing the work among jobs and departments and then coordinating them all toward the common purpose. Organization structure, which is reflected ...
Giniat Edward J - - 2012
Change management for healthcare organizations should be rooted in the following practices: Articulating a business case and vision for change. Assessing organizational risk and readiness. Mobilizing and aligning leaders. Building awareness of and commitment to the change effort. Aligning the organization. Tracking performance improvement and benefit realization.
Faridi Pouya - - 2012
Ibn-Sina (commonly known as Avicenna) is one of the most famous and influential scientists in the history of medicine. The Canon of Medicine, which is his most celebrated book in medicine, presents a summary of all the medical knowledge of his time. Ibn-Sina wrote a complete section about kidney calculi ...
Blanco-Penedo I - - 2012
The overall aim of the present study was to analyse and compare organic beef cattle farming in Spain with intensive and conventional systems. An on-farm study comparing farm management practices and animal health was carried out. The study also focussed on a slaughterhouse analysis by comparing impacts on the safety ...
Liston Beth W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hospital medicine is growing rapidly. This changing inpatient work force has had consequences on medical education, with an increasing hospitalist presence in resident and student training. Initially met with apprehension, there is growing literature to suggest that hospitalists are perceived to be more effective clinical teachers than non-hospitalists. However, ...
Nelson Roxanne - - 2012
Variations among state regulations still present hurdles.
Marinelli Melissa A - - 2012
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2012; 19:e41-e44 © 2012 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: The authors present a case of a 51-year-old male who arrived to the emergency department (ED) with rash and arthralgias. He was not initially forthcoming about all aspects of his history, but ultimately careful clinical ...
Fraser Sharon E - - 2012
Sherds from pots found layered under a granite boulder in the Tong Hills of the Upper East Region of Northern Ghana seem, based on their deposition context to have been used for the preparation of medicines. Organic geochemical and isotopic analyses of these sherds and a modern day analogue reveal ...
Merriman Laura Stansell - - 2012
Problems of the groin and genitalia are a common presenting complaint in both pediatrician's offices and emergency departments. The authors endeavor to provide a comprehensive review of the most common inguinal and genital anomalies encountered by the pediatrician, with a special focus on examination and management.
Sahgal A - - 2012
AIMS: The Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology-Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (CARO-SBRT) Task Force was established in 2010. The aim was to define the scope of practice guidelines for the profession to ensure safe practice specific for the most common sites of lung, liver and spine SBRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group ...
Halpern Pinchas - - 2012
IntroductionThe Emergency Department (ED) is the triage, stabilization and disposition unit of the hospital during a mass-casualty incident (MCI). With most EDs already functioning at or over capacity, efficient management of an MCI requires optimization of all ED components. While the operational aspects of MCI management have been well described, ...
Fjortoft Nancy - - 2012
To identify the benefits and consequences of having part-time faculty members in departments of pharmacy practice from the department chair's perspective. A stratified purposive sample of 12 pharmacy practice department chairs was selected. Eleven telephone interviews were conducted. Two investigators independently read interview notes and categorized and enumerated responses to ...
Forså Kristin - - 2012
Nuclear medicine technicians work daily with radioactive isotopes, and therefore receive a certain amount of radiation dose. The aim of this study was to assess the radiation dose, during various tasks, to the technicians at four nuclear medicine departments and to investigate to what extent there are differences between the ...
Weaver Lawrence T - - 2012
The last two hundred years or so have seen the transformation of medical practice from a clinical art to the application of science to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. There has been a historical debate about how the use of technology and discoveries of the laboratory have become integrated ...
Jaimes-Albornoz Walter - - 2012
Disturbances of the level of awareness are a frequent motive of attendance to emergency departments where the initial assessment and management will determine the direction of their outcome. The syndrome of catatonia must be taken into consideration and although it is normally associated with psychiatric diagnoses, it is also very ...
Pentland Alice P - - 2012
A key aspect of reducing new knowledge to practice in the field of medicine is successfully navigating the process of patenting inventions and licensing them to facilitate their use. University faculty and their departments have much to gain from a detailed understanding of how this is done because even small ...
Di Bisceglie Adrian M - - 2012
The Department of Internal Medicine at Saint Louis University has a long and proud tradition of excellence in patient care, research and education that goes back for 100 years, but also appears to remain strong for the future. The department has played a key role in several medical discoveries and ...
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