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Wangmo Tenzin T Institute for Biomedical Ethics, University of Basel, Bernoullistrasse 28, 4056 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The right to be treated humanely when detained is universally recognized. Deficiencies in detention conditions and violence, however, subvert this right. When this occurs, proper medico-legal investigations are critical irrespective of the nature of death. Unfortunately, the very context of custody raises serious concerns over the effectiveness and fairness of ...
Kesselheim A S AS Program on Regulation, Therapeutics, and Law, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Patents are commonly granted for the use of biomarkers in making medical decisions. However, the US Supreme Court recently changed the landscape with a unanimous decision that patents cannot cover discoveries of basic correlations in nature, such as those relating biomarkers to particular clinical outcomes. Subsequent court decisions have overturned ...
Dalfardi Behnam B Behnam Dalfardi, Hassan Yarmohammadi, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7139748479, - - 2014
The art of orthopedics traces its history back to ancient civilizations like those of the Egyptians. The evolution of this branch of medicine is indebted to investigations of many scientists, including Greek, Roman and Persian scholars. The Persian physician Avicenna (980-1037 AD) is one such scientist who investigated different aspects ...
Dahl Eilif E Department of Occupational Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Norwegian Centre for Maritime Medicine, Bergen, Norway. - - 2014
An English ship's doctor treated a non-US female patient for abdominal discomfort on a foreign-flagged cruise ship off the coast of Haiti. In Mexico the patient underwent abdominal surgery, followed by complications, for which her lawyers wanted to take the ship's doctor to court in Florida, USA. A trial court ...
Guo Jing-Jing - - 2013
Ethnopharmacology, the study of ethnic use of drugs, opens up the crucial gateway to understanding and promoting traditional medicine in the new age. Taiwan is a unique region where traditional medicine and herbal therapeutics have been benefiting its people of multiple races for centuries. This article overviews Taiwan's indigenous traditional ...
Morris S A - - 2013
The President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) report sets out an ambitious goal: to double the output of innovative, new medicines with increased efficacy and safety within the next 10-15 years. If attainable, this could change the face of medicine and bring great benefit to society. Clear ...
Koh Chee - - 2013
'I feel more confident and more satisfied with myself when I reflect that I have two professions and not one. Medicine is my lawful wife, and literature is my mistress. When I get tired of one I spend the night with the other. Though it is irregular, it is less ...
Gou P - - 2013
Thirty years ago, 20 tongue-in-cheek aphorisms relating to the practice of neonatology were published and became known as Spitzer's laws of neonatology (SLN). They became widely cited, perhaps because they resonated with some of the experiences of practicing neonatologists at that time. The purpose of this study was to see ...
Mezrich Jonathan L - - 2013
PURPOSE: Noncompete clauses (NCs) are common in many physician employment agreements, including those of radiologists. NCs restrict radiologists' ability to perform services for anyone other than their employers, not only during the term of employment but also for a period of time after employment ends. Although courts frown on the ...
Cassidy Ben - - 2013
Despite assertions to the contrary, KWM Fulford's values-based practice is implicitly committed to subjectivism when it comes to reasoning about values. This renders the approach unworkable. The act of merely uncovering underlying values is not enough to effect change and, therefore, resolve problems if we have no way, even in ...
Boggess Blake R - - 2013
Legal issues in sports medicine are rapidly developing and establishing an important body of jurisprudence that defines the legal rights and duties of all those involved with protecting the health and safety of athletes. The law makes important distinctions between the relevant duty of care owed to high-school, college, and ...
Stirner Beatrice - - 2013
Compulsory license is one of the safeguards that international IP law provides to address the undesired effects of pharmaceutical patents on access to important medicines. This article looks into three important case examples to analyze the mechanism's effectiveness and feasibility: the first uses of the newer compulsory license regime established ...
Whelan Emma - - 2013
BACKGROUND: OxyContin® (Purdue Pharma, L.P., Stamford, CT) is now widely regarded as a drug of abuse fueling a larger opioid health crisis. While coverage in the North American press about OxyContin overwhelmingly focused upon the problems of related crime and addiction/misuse and the perspectives of law enforcement officials and police, ...
Moore Jennifer - - 2013
This article evaluates New Zealand's Medicines Amendment Bill 2011. This Bill is currently before Parliament and will amend the Medicines Act 1981. On June 20, 2011, the Australian and New Zealand governments announced their decision to proceed with a joint scheme for the regulation of therapeutic products such as medicines, ...
Ivry Tsipy T Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel. - - 2013
This article analyzes a public controversy surrounding the hormonal treatment of infertility associated with observance of rabbinic law to illuminate the reach of rabbi-doctor relations in a local configuration of religion and biomedicine that I call "kosher medicine." I combine a historical perspective on the evolution of religious laws governing ...
Kelty Sally F - - 2012
Forensic science is increasingly relied on by police and the courts to exonerate the innocent and to establish links to crime. With this increased reliance the potential for unjust outcomes increases, especially in serious matters for two reasons. The more serious the matter, the more likely that evidence mishandling can ...
Hosseinzadeh Hossein - - 2012
In this review, we introduce the traditional uses of saffron and its pharmacological activities as described by either Avicenna in Book II, Canon of Medicine (al-Qanun fi al-tib) or from recent scientific studies. Modern pharmacological findings on saffron are compared with those mentioned in Avicenna's monograph. A computerized search of ...
Biswas Jyotirmay - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate and describe the ophthalmic contribution of Raja Serfoji II (1798-1832). Materials and Method: A team of 2 ophthalmologists, director of laboratory services, one archeologist and a photographer visited Sarasvathi Mahal Library, March 2004. Photographs of ophthalmic records were taken and analysed. An interview of the present prince, ...
Schwartz Brian S - - 2012
The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including PIER (Physicians’ Information and Education Resource) and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self- Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources ...
Escoffery Richard M - - 2012
In the Internet age, managing one's online "reputation" is a challenging but important task for board-certified plastic surgeons. In this article, the authors discuss the options for ensuring that your Internet presence accurately reflects the quality of your practice.
Segal Jeffrey - - 2012
Doctor review sites now populate the Internet. Such posts are often anonymous. Doctors cannot respond because of HIPAA. And the information rarely addresses matters such as patient safety and clinical outcomes. Nonetheless, a doctor's online reputation can positively or negatively impact a doctor's business. By following a number of rules, ...
Zhu Zhian - - 2012
To ensure patients' privacy, such as telephone number, medical record number, health information, etc., authentication schemes for telecare medicine information systems (TMIS) have been studied widely. Recently, Wei et al. proposed an efficient authentication scheme for TMIS. They claimed their scheme could resist various attacks. However, in this paper, we ...
Belenki Liudmila - - 2012
Reflectance spectrometry is a fast and reliable method for the characterization of human skin if the spectra are analyzed with respect to a physical model describing the optical properties of human skin. For a field study performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine and the Freiburg Materials Research Center of ...
Hamrosi Kim K - - 2012
Purpose  This study aimed to explore peoples' needs and expectations of written medicines information (WMI), and to determine the barriers and facilitators experienced or perceived in the context of WMI provision and use. Methods  We conducted eight focus groups with 62 participants over 6 weeks in late 2008 in New South ...
Ningthoujam Sanjoy Singh - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Major research contributions in ethnopharmacology have generated vast amount of data associated with medicinal plants. Computerized databases facilitate data management and analysis making coherent information available to researchers, planners and other users. Web-based databases also facilitate knowledge transmission and feed the circle of information exchange between the ethnopharmacological ...
Anderson Harlene - - 2012
The author presents a set of philosophical assumptions that provide a different language for thinking about and responding to the persistent questions: "How can our therapy practices have relevance for people's everyday lives in our fast changing world, what is this relevance, and who determines it?" "Why do some shapes ...
Mansi Ishak A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In this issue, the Southern Medical Journal presents a series of articles to help students of medicine understand the principles of evidence-based medicine. These articles are not meant to be a comprehensive review, but rather an easy-to-read primer. In this final article, the authors offer suggestions to aid the ...
Wei Jianghong - - 2012
The telecare medicine information system enables or supports health-care delivery services. In order to safeguard patients' privacy, such as telephone number, medical record number, health information, etc., a secure authentication scheme will thus be in demand. Recently, Wu et al. proposed a smart card based password authentication scheme for the telecare ...
Williams Bethan - - 2012
To evaluate a sample of Internet sites advertising statins for sale to the general public. A simulated customer search and evaluation of retrieved sites using evaluation tools focussing on quality (Q) and safe medicine use (SMU). Sites retrieved on 17 November 2010 were systematically analysed from 19 November to 23 ...
Barlow D J - - 2012
The available databases that catalogue information on traditional Chinese medicines are reviewed in terms of their content and utility for in silico research on Chinese herbal medicines, as too are the various protein database resources, and the software available for use in such studies. The software available for bioinformatics and ...
Mims James L JL - - 2012
The History of Medicine and Medical Specialties such as Ophthalmology, and the Subspecialty of Strabology extend back to the beginning of recorded history. Before there was photography to record physical abnormalities of living creatures, there was art and artists who did the recording in their works. Fortunately, many such recordings ...
Fraccaro P - - 2012
Clinical Trials (CTs) play an increasingly important role in modern medicine. Often these types of studies, especially in the final phases, require collaboration between several hospitals, laboratories and institutions in different places or countries. The solution proposed is a template which exploits the principles of Networked Clinical Research and the ...
Mujawar Nilofer - - 2012
Spurred by the wave of consumerism, patients do not hesitate to drag the doctor to the court. It has now become essential for doctors to educate themselves on the laws relevant to medical practice. This study addresses some of the issues. Doctors in private practice, belonging to different specialities, were ...
Meilender Thomas - - 2012
The Internet has totally changed the way information is published and shared in medicine. With web 2.0 and semantic web technologies, web applications allow now collaborative information editing in a way that can be reused by machines. These new tools could be used to in local health networks to promote ...
da Silva Charles Ricardo Leite - - 2012
This research deals with the design of leaflets of medicines, evidencing the problems resulting from the lack of Brazilian normalization to promote the use of the graphical representation of instructional texts warnings. It approaches studies related to the effectiveness and efficiency of information systems, highlighting the semiotics and the cultural ...
Romano Mariateresa - - 2012
Medical professionals go online for literature searches and communication with families.We administered a questionnaire to members of the Italian Society of Pediatrics to assess determinants of their use of the Internet, of social platforms and of personal health records during clinical practice. All the 9180 members of the Italian Society ...
Dammann Marc - - 2012
Genomic and personalized medicine have become buzz phrases that pervade all fields of medicine. Rapid advances in "-omics" fields of research (chief of which are genomics, proteinomics, and epigenomics) over the last few years have allowed us to dissect the molecular signatures and functional pathways that underlie disease initiation and ...
Fackrell Kathryn - - 2012
Tinnitus is a prevalent and complex medical complaint often co-morbid with stress, anxiety, insomnia, depression, and cognitive or communication difficulties. Its chronicity places a major burden on primary and secondary healthcare services. In our recent national survey of General Practitioners (GPs) from across England, many reported that their awareness of ...
Shek Daniel T L - - 2012
Although cough medicine abuse is a growing problem in many places, there is no study examining the views of young substance abusers toward cough medicine. The objective of this study was to examine personal constructions of cough medicine abusers via the repertory grid tests (N = 11). Several observations are ...
Hellesø Ragnhild - - 2011
Aims and objectives.  To explore patients' perspectives on the significance of informal carers in their information management. Background.  Being well informed is considered a prerequisite for the ability of heart failure patients to manage their lives at home. Developing knowledge about the informal caregiver's role in patient information management is ...
Pang Peter S - - 2011
Postdischarge mortality and morbidity from acute heart failure syndrome (AHFS) are high, affecting nearly half of all discharged patients within 90 days. Emergency department therapy remains largely empiric, with minimal evidence to support definitive recommendations to guide therapy. However, lessons learned from recent registries and trials suggest an approach to ...
Curtis Anne B - - 2011
In clinical practice, atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly encountered arrhythmia. With the aging of the US population, the number of patients with AF that physicians encounter will increase. Atrial fibrillation management involves a combination of rate- and rhythm-control strategies with thromboprophylaxis, a complicated endeavor given side effect profiles ...
Chen Richard S - - 2011
A popular saying holds that if one can hear a heart murmur in the middle of a loud and busy emergency department, then by definition the murmur is significant. Whether or not this is actually true, it does capture the frustration emergency physicians feel when trying to diagnose or manage ...
Armstrong Andrew R - - 2011
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify the prevalence of the use of vitamin/mineral supplements or natural/herbal remedies, concurrent use of pharmaceutical medication, and to profile those most likely to use these complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) in the treatment of five chronic conditions identified as national health ...
Yao Kui-Wu - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is a severe heart disease. The use of autologous bone marrow stem cells (BMCs) mobilization in the treatment of HF has been a hot topic to research both in Western medicine and Chinese medicine (CM). There are many clinical trials and experiments on study of BMCs mobilization ...
Hamzeh Nabeel Y - - 2012
No formal guidelines exist to guide physicians caring for patients with sarcoidosis in their screening for management of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. We conducted a modified Delphi study to investigate if a consensus could be reached on the best approaches for screening for and management of cardiac sarcoidosis. A modified ...
Weber Jean-Christophe - - 2011
It is time to challenge the issue of pleasure associated with the core of medical practice. Its importance is made clear through its opposite: unhappiness-something which affects doctors in a rather worrying way. The paper aims to provide a discussion on pleasure on reliable grounds. Plato's conception of techne is ...
Yılmaz Mehmet Birhan - - 2011
Diagnosis and management of acute heart failure syndromes are described in the most recent ESC/ESICM guidelines. However, physicians dealing with these patients in their daily practice may need guidance in choosing therapeutic alternatives as soon as the dyspneic patient arrives to the emergency department. Herein, practical recommendations for the very ...
Wasmer Kristina - - 2011
New guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) have recently been published by the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association, and Heart Rhythm Society (ACCF/AHA/HRS) task force on practice guidelines, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS), and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Although they all refer to the ...
Ehle Michael - - 2011
Digoxin is the oldest cardiac medication used in contemporary medicine. With a complex pharmacokinetic profile and narrow therapeutic index, its use in managing patients with atrial arrhythmias or heart failure can present a challenge to today's clinicians. Digoxin dosing based on patient-specific factors such as age, lean body weight, and ...
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