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Deville Curtiland C University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; and Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR - - 2014
To assess the medical oncology (MO) physician workforce diversity by race, Hispanic ethnicity, and sex, with attention to trainees. Public registries were used to assess 2010 differences among MO practicing physicians, academic faculty, and fellows; internal medicine (IM) residents; and the US population, using binomial tests with P < .001 ...
Berih Abdullahi A MD, BSc, CCFP, Family physician courtesy staff, Humber River Regional Hospital, Family Medicine Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The use of henna has become a global phenomenon for skin adornment in arms and legs. The practice is old and common among communities of East African origin. Traditionally, natural henna is used during Eid celebrations, marriage ceremonies and other social occasions. However, black henna type with para-phenylenediamine (PPD) additive ...
Gurschick Lauren L 1Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Purpose:To describe the suggested clinical practice of palliative sedation as it is presented in the literature and discuss available guidelines for its use. CINAHL, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for publications since 1997 for recommended guidelines and position statements on palliative sedation as well as data on its ...
Norris Meriel M Centre for Research in Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University , London , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The utility of self-management with people from minority ethnic backgrounds has been questioned, resulting in the development of culturally specific tools. Yet, the use of stroke specific self-management programmes is underexplored in these high risk groups. This article presents the experience of stroke therapists in using a stroke ...
Hwang Jung Hye - - 2014
Race has been reported to affect the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), but there is very little research on the use of CAM by ethnicity in Korea. This study explores the prevalence of CAM use among ethnic minorities in South Korea. The design is a descriptive and cross-sectional ...
Mahé Antoine A Department of Dermatology, Hôpital Pasteur, Colmar, - - 2014
Using skin-lightening compounds for a cosmetic purpose that are normally restricted to medical use or forbidden has become a world-wide practice. Complications are numerous. Immigrant communities often import their practice from their original country. A review of the literature on the subject of complications of cosmetic skin-bleaching, with special focus ...
Wilson George G Department of Sociology, University of Miami, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Within the context of the "particularistic mobility thesis" we examine racial differences in the incidence, and determinants of, as well as timing to, mobility into management across the critical early career years at a refined level, namely, when groups share similar white collar and blue collar jobs. Findings from a ...
Van Son Catherine R CR Washington State University, College of Nursing, Spokane, WA 99210-1495, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The population of older immigrants in the United States is growing and they bring their health beliefs and practices with them. Older immigrants from the former Soviet Union use a variety of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remedies which includes in part: 1) foods to which medicinal properties are attributed, ...
Neuwelt Pat P Te Kupenga Hauora Maori, School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, PB 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. - - 2014
There is evidence that the collection of ethnicity data in New Zealand primary care is variable and that data recording in practices does not always align with the procedures outlined in the Ethnicity Data Protocols for the Health and Disability Sector. In 2010, The Ministry of Health funded the development ...
Mok Chi Chiu CC Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, Hong - - 2013
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a common and important manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Evidence suggests higher rates of lupus renal involvement in Asian populations, and maybe more severe nephritis, compared with other racial or ethnic groups. The management of LN has evolved considerably over the past three decades, based ...
Flannery Michael T - - 2013
: This commentary reviews the trends of pass rates for certification and recertification in internal medicine. This is true for certification since the 1930s and recertification since 2000. Predictors of performance, such as program director ratings and the in-training examination, are discussed in addition to positive clinical outcomes in relation ...
Mok Chi Chiu - - 2013
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a common and important manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Evidence suggests higher rates of lupus renal involvement in Asian populations, and maybe more severe nephritis, compared with other racial or ethnic groups. The management of LN has evolved considerably over the past three decades, based ...
Digby Anne A Centre for Health, Medicine and Society, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 OBP, - - 2013
This article discusses an under-researched group and provides an analytical overview of the comparative experiences of African, Indian and Coloured doctors at South African universities during the apartheid era. It probes diversity of experience in training and practice as well as gendered differentiation amongst black students before going on to ...
Langer-Gould Annette M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the American Academy of Neurology (AAN)'s Top Five Recommendations in the Choosing Wisely campaign promoting high-value neurologic medicine and physician-patient communication. The AAN published its Top Five Recommendations in February 2013 in collaboration with the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation and Consumer Reports. METHODS: A Choosing ...
Bisaillon Laura - - 2013
To identify, explore and critique features of how practices associated with immigration medicine are socially organized. Specifically, how the work of designated medical practitioners (DMP) - physicians who conduct immigration medical examinations of prospective immigrants to Canada as contractors to the Canadian government department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada - ...
Mahomoodally M Fawzi MF Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, 230 Réduit, - - 2013
The use of medicinal plants as a fundamental component of the African traditional healthcare system is perhaps the oldest and the most assorted of all therapeutic systems. In many parts of rural Africa, traditional healers prescribing medicinal plants are the most easily accessible and affordable health resource available to the ...
Hüwelmeier Gertrud - - 2012
In many parts of the world, Pentecostalism is becoming the fastest growing religious movement. As a result of migration, people from Asia, Africa and Latin America carry religious ideas and practices across borders, in other cases, migrants establish religious networks in the diaspora. However, while embracing newcomers from various backgrounds, ...
Johnson Claire - - 2012
This article presents a brief description of the specialty chiropractic groups that are affiliated with the Journal of Chiropractic Medicine: American Academy of Chiropractic Physicians (AACP), The American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians (ACBSP), The College on Forensic Sciences (CFS), and The International Academy of Chiropractic Neurology (IACN), and the ...
Alhomoud Faten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to establish type(s) and possible cause(s) of medicine-related problems (MRPs) experienced by ethnic minorities in the UK and to identify recommendations to support these patients in the effective use of medicines. METHODS: A systematic search of studies related to problems with medicine use ...
Fakunle Eyitayo S - - 2012
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are cutting edge biotechnology that may revolutionize medicine, and creating iPSCs from ethnically diverse individuals would generate valuable therapeutic and drug development tools. However, challenges must be overcome in creating the infrastructure and scientific capacity needed to pursue innovative, leapfrogging strategies to make iPSCs available ...
Suarez-Kurtz Guilherme - - 2012
There are nearly 600 million people living in 24 Latin American countries, speaking two major languages (Portuguese and Spanish) and sharing ancestral roots in America, Europe and Africa. Ethnic and cultural diversity, socioeconomical, scientific and technological disparities across Latin America must be taken into account in the design, interpretation and ...
Myers Samuel L SL - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine how efforts and policies to increase diversity affect the relative representation of women and of minority groups within medicine and related science fields. METHOD: The authors of this report used data from the Current Population Survey March Supplement (a product of the U.S. Census Bureau and the ...
Yu Peter T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Blacks, Hispanics, and women are underrepresented in academic medicine. This study sought to identify recent trends in the academic appointments of underrepresented groups at all levels of academic medicine. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the Association of American Medical Colleges' data on faculty at U.S. medical ...
Smythe Maureen A - - 2012
Purpose A quality initiative to improve the management of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) at an academic medical center, including the development of guidelines on the use of direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs), is described. Summary In keeping with the Joint Commission's National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) for anticoagulant therapy (goal 03.05.01), a ...
Quandt Sara A SA Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2012
This article describes the daily self-management practices of older adults with arthritis and examines the association of symptom experience with the use of self-management behaviors. 197 African American and White participants completed a baseline interview and six sets of three follow-up daily-diary interviews at monthly intervals. Arthritis was reported by ...
Luyten Frank P - - 2011
With the ageing of the population and the major advances in targeted drug treatments, there is in medicine a shift in attention from survival towards quality of life. Therefore new challenges are emerging in modern health care. Preventive and personalized medicine have been identified as key steps in this context. ...
Liu Jian - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease chiefly affecting synovial membranes of multiple joints. The clinical manifestations are highly variable. Besides joint affection, extra-articular manifestations always occur in RA patients, such as lung, blood vessel, heart, endocrine glands, hematological system, and nervous system affections. In addition to Western ...
Petinaux Bruno - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The authors describe a Joint Fellowship Curriculum instituted for emergency medicine fellows in diverse fellowships. The curriculum is based on commonalities established among the varying fellowships offered within their Department of Emergency Medicine. Fellowships included in the curriculum development include Disaster/Emergency Medical Services, International Emergency Medicine, Health Policy, Ultrasonography, ...
Wambugu Stanley N - - 2011
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Traditional medicines play an important role in the management of chronically painful and debilitating joint conditions, particularly in the rural Africa. However, their potential use as sources of medicines has not been fully exploited. The present study was carried to find the medicinal plants traditionally used ...
Chandler David - - 2011
Over the past 50 years, crop protection has relied heavily on synthetic chemical pesticides, but their availability is now declining as a result of new legislation and the evolution of resistance in pest populations. Therefore, alternative pest management tactics are needed. Biopesticides are pest management agents based on living micro-organisms ...
Turka Laurence A - - 2011
The term evidence-based medicine is overused, abused, and is beginning to ring hollow. It is not that evidence (or at least of what most people in biomedicine think evidence-based medicine should strive to be) is a bad thing. Rather, there is more rhetoric about evidence than there is actual evidence ...
Kim John J - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) and American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) presented a joint position paper in February 2000 declaring that they do not support routine comanagement of patients with the optometrists. American Optometric Association and American Academy of Optometry quickly responded in support ...
O'Mara Peter - - 2011
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander doctors walking in both worlds for the benefit of all Australians.
Denshire Sally - - 2011
Introduction:  Auto-ethnographic accounts can highlight unsaid moments of professional practice. In this case, my auto-ethnographic tale 'Le moment de la lune' re-inscribes subjugated knowledge about menstruation and occupational therapy practice in the era before adolescent wards. Methods:  This fictional tale is written in direct dialogue with an article that was ...
Li Xiang - - 2011
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious microvascular syndrome of diabetes, and is one of the most frequent causes of blindness in the world. It has three progressive stages with complex metabolic deregulations in the holistic system of Western medicine. Chinese medicine classifies DR into two different syndrome types; integrating Western ...
Bowling Allen C - - 2011
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is used by one-half to three-fourths of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Although it is used widely, CAM may not be discussed during a conventional medical visit. In MS, CAM therapies exhibit a broad range of risk-benefit profiles; some of these therapies are low risk and ...
Fischer Philipp - - 2011
PURPOSE: This paper seeks to outline the development of disaster medicine services in Germany and the preparedness of the security and rescue forces for mass casualty incidents after an accident, a natural disaster or a terrorist attack. METHOD: The method used was review of articles and interview with experts. RESULTS: ...
Pickstone John V - - 2011
This essay explores ways to "write together" the awkwardly jointed histories of "science" and "me dicine"--but it also includes other "arts" (in the old sense) and technologies. It draws especially on the historiography of medicine, but I try to use terms that are applicable across all of science, technology, and ...
Raphael B - - 2011
This paper discusses the vital role of disaster psychiatry in the evolving structures for preparedness and response in the fields of disaster management. The authors address the role of science and experience in addressing the tragedies of mass catastrophe, the need for systems and the challenges of integrating mental health ...
Abdul-Aziz Dunia - - 2011
Although rare, chylomas can present as a neck mass, especially in the post-operative setting. Here, we present a case of a persistent cervical chyloma following parathyroidectomy and propose a management algorithm for this clinical entity.
Mwanukuzi Phillip K - - 2011
Various land management strategies are used to prevent land degradation and keep land productive. Often land management strategies applied in certain areas focus on the context of the physical environment but are incompatible with the social environment where they are applied. As a result, such strategies are ignored by land ...
Elliott Vanessa L - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: Increasing diagnosis of small renal masses (SRMs) necessitates trainees to be familiar with available therapies. We hypothesized that involvement in conservative treatments (ablation and/or active surveillance) occurs infrequently. Therefore, we evaluated resident exposure and participation in treatments as well as proposed management for SRMs. Methods: A survey was ...
Kutilek Patrik - - 2011
In contemporary science, the analysis of human walking is extensively used. The prediction of leg motion, as well as rehabilitation, can be usable for orthosis and prosthesis programing. Our work is focused on predicting of human walking by angle-angle diagrams, also called cyclograms. The applications of cyclograms in conjunction with ...
- - 2011
The Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations works towards clear, independent and practical standards and guidelines for the quality assurance of medicines. Standards are developed by the Committee through worldwide consultation and an international consensus-building process. The following new guidelines were adopted and recommended for use: procedure for adoption ...
Ong Bie Nio BN Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Primary Care Sciences, Keele University, Keele, ST, - - 2011
Self-management is a key policy initiative in many western countries, and most approaches are designed for people with long-term conditions based upon giving support and advice in order to manage the impact of the condition(s). Less attention has been paid to what people already do themselves. In this paper we ...
Pye Geoffrey W - - 2010
During a preventive medicine examination on a 13-yr-old intact female African spot-necked otter (Lutra maculicollis), radiographs were obtained and a cranial thoracic mass was noted. Cytology from an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirate was suggestive of a thymoma. Surgical removal was performed and this diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology. At a recheck ...
Ghosh S - - 2010
Incidentally discovered adrenal masses (adrenal incidentalomas) found during radiological procedures are a by-product of modern-day medicine. Incidental findings of such adrenal masses pose uncertainties and dilemmas in evaluation and management. There is a paucity of comprehensive guidelines from professional societies, and current recommendations (based on expert opinions and the US ...
Abd-El-Fattah Sabry M - - 2010
In this project, 119 undergraduates responded to a questionnaire tapping three psychological constructs implicated in Garrison's model of self-directed learning: self-management, self-monitoring, and motivation. Mediation analyses showed that these psychological constructs are interrelated and that motivation mediates the relationship between self-management and self-monitoring. Path modeling analyses revealed that self-management and ...
Goodman Thomas R - - 2010
The mechanism used to compensate faculty members within academic radiology practice poses a complex challenge to radiology administrative leaders. In this article, the authors discuss a novel compensation plan model that addresses many of the demands faced by modern academic radiology practices.
Hulth A - - 2010
This paper discusses computer-supported outbreak detection using routine surveillance data, as implemented at six institutes for infectious disease control in five European countries. We give an overview of the systems used at the Statens Serum Institut (Denmark), Health Protection Agency (England, Wales and Northern Ireland), Robert Koch Institute (Germany), Governmental ...
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