Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 266
1 2 3 4 5 6 >
Førde R R Centre for Medical Ethics, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
End-of-life decisions, including limitation of life prolonging treatment, may be emotionally, ethically and legally challenging. Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are illegal in Norway. A study from 2000 indicated that these practices occur infrequently in Norway. In 2012, a postal questionnaire addressing experience with limitation of life-prolonging treatment for non-medical ...
Gold Michael H MH *Gold Skin Care Center and Tennessee Clinical Research Center, Nashville, Tennessee; †University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; ‡The University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; §Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois; ‖Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York; ¶Department of Dermatology, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, India; #Miami Dermatology and Laser Institute, Miami, Florida; **Inkwell Medical Communications, Novelty, - - 2014
In 2002, an international advisory panel was convened to assess the scientific literature and develop evidence-based guidance for the prevention and treatment of pathologic scarring. Emerging clinical data, new treatment options, and technical advances warranted a renewed literature search and review of the initial advisory panel recommendations. To update the ...
Powers Jacquelyn M JM Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-9063, - - 2014
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common hematologic condition, affecting a substantial proportion of the world's women and young children. Optimal management of IDA requires an accurate diagnosis, identification and correction of the underlying cause, provision of medicinal iron therapy, and confirmation of treatment success. There are limited data to ...
Hamadah Issam R IR King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Abstract The current treatment of psoriasis patients with biologic agents in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is mainly based on clinical experience. Although there are published international guidelines for treatment with biologics, such as the European S3 guidelines (a joint project of the European Dermatology Forum, the European Academy ...
Brown Allen W AW Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Individuals with headache after TBI receive care in a wide variety of clinical locations by physicians trained in multiple specialties. To understand current practice patterns and perceptions of treatment issues among clinicians managing headache after TBI. National survey of current clinical practice using a 20 item questionnaire developed by the ...
Chua Lee Suan LS Metabolites Profiling Laboratory, Institute of Bioproduct Development, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, - - 2014
Till to date, the advancement of medical science and technology is still unable to provide inclusive treatment to liver inflammation caused by neither microbial invasion nor antibiotics nor environmental toxins. Therefore, this article provides the basic knowledge of liver inflammation up to the cellular level and its current medical treatment ...
Akoria Obehi Aituaje OA Department of Medicine, University of Benin and University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, - - 2014
Background: The Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership converged in Abuja in 2000. In 2005, Nigeria adopted artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) as first-line therapy for uncomplicated malaria. It was determined that by 2010, 80% of persons with malaria would be effectively treated. Objectives: To describe household practices for malaria treatment in ...
Broadley Simon A SA School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, QLD 4222, Australia; Department of Neurology, Gold Coast University Hospital, Southport, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this third and final part of our review of multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment we look at the practical day-to-day management issues that are likely to influence individual treatment decisions. Whilst efficacy is clearly of considerable importance, tolerability and the potential for adverse effects often play a significant role in ...
Savino Francesco - - 2014
Infantile colic is a common disturbance occurring in the first three months of life. It is a benign condition and one of the main causes of pediatric consultation in the early part of life because of its great impact on family life. Some pediatricians are prone to undervalue this issue ...
Havlickova B B Global Clinical Development Dermatology, Bayer HealthCare, Berlin, - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review of treatments for anal eczema (AE). We conducted a Medline search for clinical trial data for the treatment of perianal diseases including AE, including papers not published in the English language. We assessed the study reports using the system recommended by the Oxford Centre for ...
Levett K M KM National Institute for Complementary Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reviews of maternity services highlight the need for a reduction of medical interventions for women with low risk pregnancies and births to prevent the potential cascade of interventions and their associated risks. Complementary medicines (CM) such as acupuncture and acupressure have claimed to be effective in reducing interventions in labour; ...
Scordo Kristine Anne KA Kristine Anne Scordo is a professor and director of the Adult-Gero Acute Care Nurse Practitioner Program at Wright State University, Dayton, - - 2014
: The new ACC/AHA 2013 cholesterol treatment guidelines focus on lowering the risk of heart disease and stroke and not on targeted treatment goals in adult patients. This article offers a synopsis of the new guidelines and how to apply them in clinical practice.
Althof Stanley E SE Department of Psychiatry, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, West Palm Beach, FL, - - 2014
In 2009, the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) convened a select panel of experts to develop an evidence-based set of guidelines for patients suffering from lifelong premature ejaculation (PE). That document reviewed definitions, etiology, impact on the patient and partner, assessment, and pharmacological, psychological, and combined treatments. It concluded ...
Casati Alicia - - 2014
The non-compliant use of opioid substitution treatment (OST) medicines is widespread and well-documented. However, less is known about characteristics of non-compliant OST medicine use and the factors that predict it. The two main goals of this study are to compare characteristics of non-compliant levomethadone, methadone, and buprenorphine use and to ...
Ghannoum Marc M Department of Nephrology, Verdun Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Hemoperfusion is an extracorporeal treatment based on adsorption, historically reserved for the treatment of acute poisonings. Its use was popularized in the 1970s after several in vitro and animal experiments had demonstrated its efficacy, and was even preferred over hemodialysis in the management of overdosed patients. With the advent of ...
Bruyère Olivier O Support Unit in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, University of Liège, CHU Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Existing practice guidelines for osteoarthritis (OA) analyze the evidence behind each proposed treatment but do not prioritize the interventions in a given sequence. The objective was to develop a treatment algorithm recommendation that is easier to interpret for the prescribing physician based on the available evidence and that is applicable ...
Verbalis Joseph G JG Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction and objective As evidence grows about the management of hyponatraemia, a number of different international and national recommendations/guidelines from professional organisations have recently been published that offer guidance on decision-making. However, they include several important differences that could confuse practising physicians. This article summarises the key differences in ...
Sałaga Maciej M Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Mazowiecka 6/8, 92-215, Lodz, - - 2014
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a group of chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, mainly represented by Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Although the etiology of IBD is not fully understood, there is substantial evidence that immunologic, genetic, and environmental factors are the main contributors in IBD pathogenesis. Conventional therapies for ...
Li Jian-Sheng - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects millions worldwide. Although many therapies exist and are being developed to relieve symptoms and reduce mortality, few data are available to understand which of the therapeutic alternatives is the most cost-effective for COPD patients in everyday clinical practice, especially for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). ...
Locher Cornelia C 1 Pharmacy Program, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, Centre for Optimisation of Medicines, University of Western Australia , Crawley, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897) is seen as a vital link between the European nature cure movement of the 19th century and American naturopathy. He promoted a holistic treatment concept founded on five pillars: hydro- and phytotherapy, exercise, balanced nutrition, and regulative therapy. Kneipp attempted to bridge the gap with allopathic ...
Benishek L A LA Treatment Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA; University of Pennsylvania, Department of Psychiatry, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2014
To review randomized controlled trials to assess efficacy of a prize-based contingency management procedure in reducing substance use (where a drug-free breath or urine sample provides a chance of winning a prize). A meta-analysis was conducted on articles published from January 2000 to February 2013 to determine the effect size ...
Wiest Johannes J Institute of Pharmacy and Food Chemistry, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, - - 2014
Counterfeit and/or illegally manufactured drugs and herbal medicines are becoming an increasing problem throughout the world. Internet sales simplify distribution and payment of these falsified drugs. Here we report on a Vietnamese herbal medicine, which was advertised for treatment of rheumatic disease from a religious Vietnamese healer. By means of ...
Wallace Michael P MP Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
Much of current pharmacological practice focuses on identifying the single 'best' treatment (or course of treatments) for a particular disease. Recently, however, focus has begun to shift towards a more patient-centric rather than disease-centric approach, where personal characteristics are used to identify the optimal treatment for an individual. Adaptive treatment ...
Assina Rachid R Department of Neurological Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, New - - 2014
Both the history of headache and the practice of craniotomy can be traced to antiquity. From ancient times through the present day, numerous civilizations and scholars have performed craniotomy in attempts to treat headache. Today, surgical intervention for headache management is becoming increasingly more common due to improved technology and ...
Dréno B B Department of Dermato cancerology, University Hospital Hotel Dieu, Nantes, - - 2014
Actinic keratoses (AK) are common photo-induced cutaneous lesions that may progress to invasive squamous-cell carcinoma and serve as a risk marker for skin cancer. Although numerous studies present the various therapeutic options for AK, publications that can be used to pragmatically guide dermatologists in their daily practice are limited. National ...
Eustace K K St Vincent's Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Dublin 4, - - 2014
The treatment of orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) remains challenging, and spontaneous remission is rare. We report a 43 year old male who initially presented to dermatology in 2007 following referral from oral medicine, with a 15 year history of swollen and cracked lips. Examination revealed thickened, indurated and fissured lips, cobblestoning ...
Reese Erika E Fort Belvoir Community Hospital, 9300 Dewitt Loop, Fort Belvoir, - - 2014
Marine envenomations are an important part of sports medicine. Marine sport is practiced widely, and many aquatic envenomations require quick recognition and timely action to ensure the safety and recovery of victims. Even a basic knowledge of treatments of various envenomations could help clinicians be more effective in acute treatment. ...
Wright Lakiea S LS Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
In the modern era, the prevalence of asthma and allergies are increasing. It has been speculated that environmental exposures are contributing to this rise. Several studies demonstrate that common indoor allergen exposures exacerbate asthma. Minimizing exposure to allergens and remediating the environment play a critical role in the treatment of ...
Blum Johannes - - 2014
Treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) in travelers is still controversial. Over the last decade, national and international consortia have published recommendations for treating CL in travelers. These guidelines harmonize many issues, but there are some discrepancies. Leishmania parasites causing CL can now be genotyped by polymerase ...
Kraeling Margaret M The Canine Fitness Centre Ltd, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sudden-onset vestibular dysfunction in the canine is a commonly seen condition in veterinary practice, with some veterinarians reporting several cases each month. However, traditional veterinary medicine has little to offer these patients other than symptomatic relief for the severe nausea that accompanies the vertigo and supportive advice for the owners. ...
Spasovski Goce G State University Hospital Skopje, Skopje, - - 2014
Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/l, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. It can lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, from subtle to severe or even life threatening, and is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and ...
Nimrouzi Majid M Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Traditional Persian medicine is based on humoral medical concepts. In the case of abundant blood in the body, tabi'at (body nature) deals with this imbalance by elimination of the morbid substances via some controlling mechanisms. If tabi'at could not react properly, the physician should prescribe an intervention to let the ...
Spasovski Goce G State University Hospital Skopje, Skopje, - - 2014
Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/l, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. It can lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, from subtle to severe or even life threatening, and is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and length ...
Spasovski Goce G State University Hospital Skopje, Skopje, - - 2014
Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/L, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. Hyponatraemia is present in 15-20 % of emergency admissions to hospital and occurs in up to 20 % of critically ill patients. Symptomatology may vary from subtle to severe ...
- - 2014
The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) organization developed clinical practice guidelines on lipid management for all adults and children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Thirteen recommendations were obtained from the available evidence outlining a three-step management including assessment in all, treatment in many, and follow-up measurements in few. A ...
Kabir Mohammad Humayun - - 2014
The number of tribes present within Bangladesh has been estimated to approximate one hundred and fifty. Information on traditional medicinal practices, particularly of the smaller tribes and their clans is lacking. It was the objective of the study to document the tribal medicinal practices of the Deb barma clan of ...
Balhara Kamna S - - 2014
This article describes the epidemiology and presentation of human envenomation from marine organisms. Venom pathophysiology, envenomation presentation, and treatment options are discussed for sea snake, stingray, spiny fish, jellyfish, octopus, cone snail, sea urchin, and sponge envenomation. The authors describe the management of common exposures that cause morbidity as well ...
Fanfair Robyn Neblett RN Division of STD Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and their associated syndromes are extremely common in clinical practice. Early diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and partner management are important to ensure sexual, physical, and reproductive health in our patients.
Wells R A RA Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, - - 2014
Myelodysplastic syndromes (mdss) constitute a heterogeneous group of malignant hematologic disorders characterized by marrow dysplasia, ineffective hematopoiesis, peripheral blood cytopenias, and pronounced risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Azacitidine has emerged as an important treatment option and is recommended by the Canadian Consortium on Evidence-Based Care in mds as ...
Diamond George A GA Division of Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and the Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Although randomized trials and observational studies are used as the evidentiary basis of clinical practice guidelines, they are not always in agreement. Limitations in the process of randomization in the former and the selective referral of patients for treatment as a consequence of clinical "risk stratification" in the latter are ...
Karsdal Morten A MA Nordic Bioscience, Herlev Hovedgade, DK-2730, Herlev, - - 2014
Ethical, clinical and economic considerations highlight the pressing need to advance the identification of optimal treatments for each individual patient. PHC may provide significant benefit in the treatment of a number of clinical indications, characterised by costly therapy, low response rates and significant problems associated with trial and error prescription, ...
McAlindon T E TE Division of Rheumatology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop concise, up-to-date, patient-focused, evidence-based, expert consensus guidelines for the management of knee osteoarthritis, intended to inform patients, physicians, and allied health care professionals worldwide. Thirteen experts from relevant medical disciplines (primary care, rheumatology, orthopedics, physical therapy, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and evidence-based medicine), three continents and ten countries ...
Ramsberger Gail G Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing - - 2014
Given the proliferation of tablets and smartphones, there is a rising desire to use these technologies and apps in clinical practice. This article offers best-practice guidelines for integrating apps into aphasia rehabilitation. In concert with evidence-based practice guidelines, it describes the steps for deciding which apps to consider and how ...
Jang Su Hee - - 2014
During their reproductive years about 10% of women experience some kind of symptoms before menstruation (PMS) in a degree that affects their quality of life (QOL). Acupuncture and herbal medicine has been a recent favorable therapeutic approach. Thus we aimed to review the effects of acupuncture and herbal medicine in ...
Daniel Gregory B - - 2014
Thyroid scintigraphy is performed in cats and dogs and has been used to a limited degree in other species such as the horse. Thyroid scintigraphy is most commonly used to aid in the diagnosis and treatment management of feline hyperthyroidism but is also used in the evaluation of canine hypothyroidism ...
Mori Amani Thomas AT Centre for International Health, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway ; School of Pharmacy, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Insufficient access to essential medicines is a major health challenge in developing countries. Despite the importance of Standard Treatment Guidelines and National Essential Medicine Lists in facilitating access to medicines, little is known about how they are updated. This study aims to describe the process of updating the Standard Treatment ...
Blanco Fernando F Universidad de Deusto, Departamento de Fundamentos y Métodos de la Psicología, Bilbao, - - 2014
Some alternative medicines enjoy widespread use, and in certain situations are preferred over conventional, validated treatments in spite of the fact that they fail to prove effective when tested scientifically. We propose that the causal illusion, a basic cognitive bias, underlies the belief in the effectiveness of bogus treatments. Therefore, ...
Liu Ping P Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resource and Compound Prescription of the Ministry of Education, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan 430065, - - 2014
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is practiced in the Chinese health care system for more than 2,000 years. In recent years, herbal medicines, which are used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD) in China based on TCM or modern pharmacological theories have attracted considerable attention. In this paper, we discuss etiology and ...
Homisak Lynn - - 2014
Successful practices do not follow others, but rather make their own paths and follow their own agendas. When doctors hear about a new treatment or technology, there are those who are early adopters and will embrace anything new and exciting, while others are followers and wait until all the bugs ...
Vimala G G PG & Research Department of Zoology, Voorhees College, Vellore, Tamilnadu 632001, - - 2014
Ulcer is a common gastrointestinal disorder which is seen among many people. It is basically an inflamed break in the skin or the mucus membrane lining the alimentary tract. Ulceration occurs when there is a disturbance of the normal equilibrium caused by either enhanced aggression or diminished mucosal resistance. It ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 >