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Morgan Philip B PB Eurolens Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, Carys Bannister Building, The University of Manchester, Dover Street, Manchester M13 9PL, United - - 2014
We sought to determine the impact of optometric practice setting on contact lens prescribing by analysing annual survey data of lens fits collected between 2009 and 2013 from independent and national group practices throughout the United Kingdom. Compared to national group practices, independent practices fit contact lenses to older patients ...
Dalfardi Behnam B a Student Research Committee , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences , Shiraz , - - 2014
Abubakr Rabi-ibn Ahmad Akhawayni Bukhari, also known as Al-Akhawayni, was a Persian physician who lived in the Near East during an age in which medical knowledge blossomed in the Islamic world. This era, the "Islamic Golden Age," extended from the tenth to the twelfth centuries AD. During his lifetime as ...
Forrester-Paton Calum C Medicine, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, Notts, - - 2014
Introduction: in 2008, the British Geriatrics Society (BGS) developed the Recommended Undergraduate Curriculum in Geriatric Medicine. This was subsequently mapped to the second edition of Tomorrows' Doctors (TD2, 2003). Following the publication of the third edition of Tomorrow's Doctors in 2009 (TD3), the mapping exercise was repeated to verify the ...
Dalfardi Behnam B Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, - - 2014
An influential Persian scholar of the Islamic Golden Age of Medicine (from the ninth to the twelfth centuries AD), Ibn-e Sina (AD 980-1037), also known by the Latinized name Avicenna, is best remembered for his contributions to various aspects of medicine, particularly surgery. In fact, the art of surgery was ...
Duval Renaud R Department of Ophthalmology, University of Montréal, Montréal, Qué., - - 2014
Small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy has emerged as one of the leading approaches to the management of primary retinal detachment in recent years. Developments in technology and instrumentation have improved this procedure and given surgeons a wide variety of tools to tackle this pathology. In this chapter, the techniques utilized in ...
Doggrell Sheila A - - 2013
Background A comparison of the management of medicines by the older-aged living in freehold (fully owned) and rental homes in retirement villages has suggested that the older-aged living in rental, but not freehold, retirement villages may require help to manage their medicines. Objective The objective of this study was to ...
Jacob Tony George - - 2013
Safe clinical practice is based on a sound knowledge of the structure and function of the human body. Thus, knowledge of anatomy has been an essential tool in the practice of healthcare throughout the ages. The history of anatomy in India traces from the Paleolithic Age to the Indus Valley ...
Eckert Kerena A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of use of prescribed medicines in Australian community samples. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In this study, face-to-face interviews were carried out with random, representative samples of South Australian adults, aged ≥15 years. Data on self-reported use of prescribed ...
Tuan Rocky S - - 2013
Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have advanced rapidly towards the development of therapeutic solutions for musculoskeletal disorders. In 2012, breakthroughs have been made in the guidance of adult stem cell homing, the tissue regenerative activity of stem-cell-derived extracellular matrix has been tested, and novel, mechanically superior biomaterials have been fabricated.
Donowitz Gerald R - - 2013
Pneumonia remains one of the major disease entities practicing physicians must manage. It is a leading cause of infection-related morbidity and mortality in all age groups, and a leading cause of death in those older than 65 years of age. Despite its frequency and importance, clinical questions have remained in ...
Metcalfe Scott - - 2013
To describe variations in dispensing of specific medication groups by ethnicity in New Zealand, adjusting for health need. Preliminary linkage of dispensings of prescription medicines in 2006/07 to age/disease burden proxies of health need for Maori, Pacific peoples (Pasifika)--who are mostly of Samoan, Tongan, Niuean, or Cook Islands descent--in New ...
Sabaratnam Vikineswary V Mushroom Research Centre, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ; Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2013
Hericium erinaceus a culinary and medicinal mushroom is a well established candidate for brain and nerve health. Ganoderma lucidum, Grifola frondosa and Sarcodon scabrosus have been reported to have neurite outgrowth and neuronal health benefits. The number of mushrooms, however, studied for neurohealth activity are few compared to the more ...
Björkman S - - 2012
Prophylaxis for haemophilia A is effective but expensive. Knowledge of a patient's pharmacokinetic (PK) response to infusion of factor VIII (FVIII) is likely to be useful in clinical management [1]. However, the PK of FVIII cannot be predicted from patient characteristics such as age and body weight (BW), but must ...
Matthews Mika A B MA Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
To survey the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) membership with regard to practice trends related to work effort, employment status, practice ownership, endovascular cases, and anticipated changes in practice in the near future. A survey questionnaire was developed to gather information about member demographics and practice, hours worked, full-time (FT) ...
Wang Shusheng - - 2013
A pharmaceutical composition composed of several traditional Chinese medicines is claimed to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This represents a novel and alternative therapeutic solution for wet AMD, with the potential advantage of treating both the symptoms and the underlying causes of this devastating degenerative retinal disease.
Daley George Q - - 2012
The 2012 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology recognizes the architects of two of the great paradigm-shifting discoveries of the last half-century of biology. In experiments performed nearly 50 years apart, Gurdon and Yamanaka made feasible the reawakening of pluripotency inherent in all cells and challenged forever our notions of ...
Ritch A - - 2012
It is widely assumed that geriatric medicine was an invention of the twentieth century. However, from the time of Hippocrates, there has been interest in the prolongation of the lifespan, the maintenance of health in old age and agerelated disease patterns. The debate about whether old age was a natural ...
Cerreta Francesca - - 2012
Drug Policy for an Aging Population At the European Medicines Agency, the aging of the population has prompted an analysis of whether the regulatory system is adapted to taking the needs of older people into account in the development, approval, and use of medications.
Bertoldi Andréa Dâmaso - - 2012
To track the use of medicine and self-medication from infancy to adolescence. All newborns in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, were monitored and enrolled in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. Subsamples of the cohort were visited at 1, 3, and 6 months and at 1 and 4 years ...
Findley Sally E - - 2012
Objectives. We evaluated efforts in New York to build a consensus between community health workers (CHWs) and employers on CHWs' scope of practice, training standards, and certification procedures. Methods. We conducted multiple-choice surveys in 2008 and 2010 with 226 CHWs and 44 employers. We compared CHWs' and employers' recommendations regarding ...
Kennedy Holly Powell - - 2012
Introduction: To date, there has been little documentation of how practice-based midwifery networks in the United States might influence the transfer and development of knowledge in childbearing and women's health care. The first phase of this participatory action research project was to conduct a qualitative study with a community of ...
Desta Takele Taye - - 2012
Little effort has been made to improve village chickens housing, feeding, and health care. Due to this, the amount of output obtained is usually low. The aim of this study was to elicit farmers' knowledge on the routine husbandry practices of village chickens. One hundred nineteen farmers were one-on-one interviewed ...
Switzer Jeffrey A - - 2012
Our objectives are to identify and help overcome obstacles to telestroke practice, to present tips for sustaining a telestroke network, to suggest strategies for obtaining buy-in from clinicians and administrative leadership and providers, and to identify and engage champions and stakeholders of telestroke.
Pavese P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study had for aim to assess the acceptability of a model for continuing medical education, to improve the implementation of best practice recommendations for family practice. The training focused on the management of community acquired urinary tract infections in adults. The secondary objective was to identify barriers in ...
Whittlesey Kevin J - - 2012
Advances in the field of regenerative medicine have yielded novel approaches to developing treatments for currently unmet medical needs. The regenerative medicine field is diverse, spanning many research and clinical disciplines; no single society or organization fully represents regenerative medicine. The US FDA maintains an active dialog with a variety ...
Lie Jessamina Lih Yan - - 2012
This research focuses on religious subgroup evaluations by examining the attitude of Turkish-Dutch Sunni Muslims towards Alevi and Shiite Muslims. Following the Ingroup Projection Model, it was expected that Sunni participants who practice Islam will project their self-defining subgroup practices on the superordinate Muslim category, which will be related to ...
Chon Young Eun - - 2012
See articles in J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2012; 27: 1213-1218 and 1219-1226.
Wetmore Stephen - - 2012
To develop evaluation objectives for assessing competence in procedure skills using a key-features approach. This was part of a multiyear project to develop competency-based evaluation objectives for Certification in Family Medicine. Nominal group technique. The College of Family Physicians of Canada in Mississauga, Ont. An expert group of 7 family ...
Taylor Clare J - - 2012
In 2009, the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) in the UK created the First5® initiative to support new GPs through the first years of independent practice. For new GPs, finishing training and taking the first steps into a career in family medicine is an exciting but also challenging time. ...
Locke Rachel - - 2012
Aim  To account for the means by which poor performance among career doctors is identified by National Health Service organizations, whether the tools are considered effective and how these processes may be strengthened in the light of revalidation and the requirement for doctors to demonstrate their fitness to practice. Method  ...
Halvorsen P - - 2012
Recent coverage in the mainstream media has brought significant attention to the uses of ionizing radiation in medicine. This is not a transient concern, however. Many factors are contributing to this trend, in addition to the general public's concern: ASTRO, ACR and AAPM have advocated clear practice guidelines and mandatory ...
Higgins Samantha J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Requests for supply of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) through community pharmacies require consideration of a range of factors and the application of professional judgment. Pharmacists should therefore be able to follow a structured reasoning process. OBJECTIVES: The research involved an assessment of history taking and counseling by pharmacy ...
Navarro-Ortega Alícia - - 2012
The Consolider-Ingenio 2010 project SCARCE, with the full title "Assessing and predicting effects on water quantity and quality in Iberian Rivers caused by global change" aims to examine and predict the relevance of global change on water availability, water quality, and ecosystem services in Mediterranean river basins of the Iberian ...
Sistenich Vera - - 2012
This article provides background information about the emerging field of international emergency medicine (IEM) and how emergency physicians in Australasia can participate in its practice and development. It reviews the seven key areas of knowledge and skills involved in the practice of IEM as put forward by US fellowship programmes: ...
Massfeller Helen F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Conversational agency is our invented term that orients us to ways in which clients participate in therapeutic dialogues. In this study we examined how clients' conversational correctives and initiatives influenced collaborative therapeutic consultations. METHODS: Thirty-five single-session lifestyle consultations were videotaped in which adult clients volunteered to discuss concerns of ...
Wu Liang - - 2012
Accompanying with hot discussions on developing multi-target drugs for the therapy of multi-gene diseases, herbal medicines are receiving more and more attention from worldwide in both academic field and pharmaceutical industry. Pharmacokinetic and metabolic research is one of the important issues for intensive understanding of therapeutic benefits/risks of herbal medicines. ...
Hemingway Steve - - 2012
The administration of medicines is a role that fundamentally impacts on the wellbeing of the patient and has been described as one of the highest risk activities that a nurse undertakes. This article reports on the Medicine with Respect Project where collaborating organisations sought to improve the education and training ...
Robinson Nicola - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare practitioners (HCPs) experience barriers to changing routine consultation practice. Communication and recording of traditional, complementary and alternative medicines (TCAM) is inadequate. This pilot study explored the challenges of implementing a computerized template in primary care to facilitate communication on TCAM for paediatric eczema. METHODS: A computerized template to ...
Lerner-Ellis Jordan P - - 2012
This commentary is based on the key note address given by Jordan Lerner-Ellis at the annual symposium of the Society for the Study of Inborn Errors of Metabolism, held in Geneva, Switzerland in August 2011. The content of the address was developed from a series of discussions with seven clinicians ...
Cooper Jamie G - - 2012
Introduction and aimsIn the UK, specialist trainees in emergency medicine are required to pass the Fellowship of the College of Emergency Medicine (FCEM). This examination assesses clinical knowledge, attitudes and skills, management principles, critical appraisal, and the ability to search medical literature and synthesise information. The aims of this study ...
Escaldi Steven V - - 2012
This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with spasticity and other sequelae of the upper motor neuron syndrome. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in spasticity management through objective evaluation methodology. ...
Chan Kelvin - - 2012
AIM: Studies on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), like those of other systems of traditional medicine (TM), are very variable in their quality, content and focus, resulting in issues around their acceptability to the global scientific community. In an attempt to address these issues, an European Union funded FP7 consortium, composed ...
Zurbrügg Christian - - 2012
According to most experts, integrated and sustainable solid waste management should not only be given top priority, but must go beyond technical aspects to include various key elements of sustainability to ensure success of any solid waste project. Aside from project sustainable impacts, the overall enabling environment is the key ...
Organek Andrew J - - 2012
Despite a record of excellence, Canadian family medicine residency programs must respond to the changing face of health care and the needs of the population. A working group was established by the College of Family Physicians of Canada to review the current curriculum and make recommendations for change. Literature reviews ...
Joiner Keith A - - 2012
Key Indicators in Academic Medicine (KIAMs), a new feature in Academic Medicine, are intended to substantially inform teaching hospitals and medical schools on those metrics that may best gauge their health, including the performance of units and programs within these organizations. Ultimately, KIAMs may promote effective growth and development in ...
Tucker Melanie T - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the adoption of electronic medical records (EMR) by rural and urban Alabama family medicine physicians. This cross-sectional study evaluated EMR use among Alabama family medicine physicians (N = 1197). Half (49.3%) of the physicians surveyed reported using EMR in their practices; however, ...
Najafzadeh Mehdi - - 2012
Purpose:As advances in genomics make genome sequencing more affordable, the availability of new genome-based diagnostic and therapeutic strategies (i.e., personalized medicine) will increase. This wave will hit front-line physicians who may be faced with a plethora of patients' expectations of integrating genomic data into clinical care. The objective of this ...
Whately Ben - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Children's understanding of medicines has an impact on their behavior toward those medicines, and yet there has been a paucity of studies exploring this area. OBJECTIVES: To assess children's ability to identify and to explore their risk perceptions of medicines. METHODS: One hundred eighty-two children aged 4 to 11 ...
Morgan Tessa K - - 2012
To explore the current use of conventional and complementary medicines in Australians aged ≥ 50 years. Cross-sectional postal survey sent to a random sample of 4500 Australians aged ≥ 50 years between June 2009 and February 2010. Prevalence of medicines use, reasons for medicines use and sources of medicines. Response rate was 37.3%. Medicines use was ...
McKavanagh P - - 2012
AimTo determine how foundation year 2 (F2) doctors view the input of hospital consultants into their workplace based assessments (WPBAs).Study designF2 doctors in Northern Ireland participated in an electronic survey to evaluate their experiences of foundation programme WPBAs. The opportunity to participate was available to all F2 doctors. The survey ...
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