Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 270
1 2 3 4 5 6 >
Brietzke Scott E SE Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA - - 2014
To develop a clinical consensus statement on the optimal diagnosis and management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS). A representative 9-member panel of otolaryngologists with no relevant conflicts of interest was assembled to consider opportunities to optimize the diagnosis and management of PCRS. A working definition of PCRS and the scope ...
Pinho João Renato Rebello JR Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Personalized medicine is the use of biomarkers, most of them molecular markers, for detection of specific genetic traits to guide various approaches for preventing and treating different conditions. The identification of several genes related to heredity, oncology and infectious diseases lead to the detection of genetic polymorphisms that are involved ...
Sarrazin Steven S Veterinary Epidemiology Unit, Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The shift from cure towards prevention in veterinary medicine involves the implementation of biosecurity, which includes all measures preventing pathogens from entering a herd and reducing the spread of pathogens within a herd. In Belgium no studies have considered the implementation of biosecurity measures in the daily management of cattle ...
Weisz George M GM School of Humanities, University of New England, Armidale, Australia and University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler.
Yang Zhiyin Z Shandong Key Laboratory of Behavioral Medicine, Jining Medical University, No. 16 Hehua Road, Jining Beihu New District, Shandong, 272067, China, - - 2014
Behavior modification, as the core of clinical behavioral medicine, is often used in clinical settings. We seek to summarize behavior modification techniques that are commonly used in clinical practice of behavioral medicine in China and discuss possible biobehavioral mechanisms. We reviewed common behavior modification techniques in clinical settings in China, ...
Trautner Barbara W BW Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inappropriate use of antibiotics to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a significant contributor to antibiotic overuse in hospitalized patients despite evidence-based guidelines on ASB management. We surveyed whether accurate knowledge of how to manage catheter-associated urine cultures was associated with level of training, familiarity with ASB guidelines, and various cognitive-behavioral ...
Arciniegas David B DB Beth K. and Stuart C. Yudofsky Division of Neuropsychiatry, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, TX, USA; Neuropsychiatry Service, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Emotional and behavioral dyscontrol are relatively common neuropsychiatric sequelae of traumatic brain injury and present substantial challenges to recovery and community participation. Among the most problematic and functionally disruptive of these types of behaviors are pathologic laughing and crying, affective lability, irritability, disinhibition, and aggression. Managing these problems effectively requires ...
Capiro Jonnie M JM Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, Center for Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife, Cincinnati, Ohio; Zoo and Aquarium Leadership Concentration, Master's of Interdisciplinary Studies, George Mason University, Fairfax, - - 2014
The ex situ Indian rhino population experienced a decrease in genetic diversity indicating that the breeding program could possibly benefit from novel reproductive management strategies to ensure population sustainability. We sought to determine how management tools used for reproductive management, specifically translocation and operant conditioning, impact physiological and behavioral measures ...
Marin Robert S - - 2014
Echothymia is stimulus-bound affective behavior, an echophenomenon in the domain of affect. Like echolalia and echopraxia, it is a concomitant of the environmental dependency associated with dysfunction of the frontal-striatal systems that mediate so-called frontal lobe functions. The authors introduce the definition and phenomenology of echothymia, overview its differential diagnosis ...
Dohn Michael N MN Community Health, Clínica Episcopal Esperanza y Caridad, San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic; Society of Anglican Missionaries and Senders, Ambridge, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
People share medicines and problems can result from this behavior. Successful interventions to change sharing behavior will require understanding people's motives and purposes for sharing medicines. Better information about how medicines fit into the gifting and reciprocity system could be useful in designing interventions to modify medicine sharing behavior. However, ...
Bai Bo B Institute of Neurobiology, Jining Medical University, No. 16 Hehua Road, Beihu New District, Jining, 272067, Shandong, People's Republic of China, - - 2013
Behavioral medicine in China has developed quickly in the last three decades. We briefly summarized the history, the main scope and achievements, and the future development of behavioral medicine in China. We did a literature search and discussed with senior scholars in behavioral medicine in China. The concept and main ...
Zhang Lili L College of Business Administration, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, 114051 China. Electronic address: - - 2013
Evaluation system can encourage and guide entrepreneurs, and impel them to perform well in environment management. An evaluation method based on advantage structure is established. It is used to analyze entrepreneur environment management behavior in China. Entrepreneur environment management behavior evaluation index system is constructed based on empirical research. Evaluation ...
Rollins Brandi Y BY Center for Childhood Obesity Research (BYR, JSS, and LLB), the Department of Human Development and Family Studies (BYR, EL, and LLB), and the Department of Nutritional Sciences (JSS and LLB), The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
Mothers use a range of feeding practices to limit children's intake of palatable snacks (eg, keeping snacks out of reach, not bringing snacks into the home), but less is known about the effects of these practices on children's eating and weight outcomes. The objective was to identify distinct feeding practice ...
Wong Ian Y IY Center for Biomedical Engineering, School of - - 2013
Historically, biomedical research has been based on two paradigms. First, measurements of biological behaviors have been based on bulk assays that average over large populations. Second, these behaviors have then been crudely perturbed by systemic administration of therapeutic treatments. Nanotechnology has the potential to transform these paradigms by enabling exquisite ...
Lipschitz Jessica M - - 2013
This study provides a preliminary investigation of the role of stress management in multiple behavior change. Risk status on stress management and five health behaviors (healthy eating, exercise, alcohol, smoking, and depression management) was assessed before and after a multiple behavior change intervention. Findings suggested a link between stress management ...
King Abby C - - 2013
A key objective of this paper is to describe some major challenges and opportunities facing the behavioral medicine field in the current decade. Amidst current US statistics that present a sobering image of the nation's health, there have been a number of notable achievements in the behavioral medicine field that ...
Rigby Justin J Department of Exercise Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, - - 2013
Practice guidelines recommend a multifaceted approach for managing concussions, but a relatively small percentage of athletic trainers (ATs) follow these recommendations. Understanding ATs' beliefs toward the recommended concussion practice guidelines is the first step in identifying interventions that could increase compliance. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) allows us to ...
Farronato Nadine S - - 2013
The main objective of this review was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and contingency management for cocaine dependence. Contingency management alone reliably reduced cocaine use during active treatment in all cited trials, whereas the positive effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy emerged after treatment in 3 of 5 trials. Synergistic ...
Dhar Rajib Lochan - - 2013
Many people across the world believe that employment decisions are based on merit, on factors related to job knowledge, skills or abilities. People believe that decisions are biased or discriminatory if based on demographic criteria such as gender, race, caste, community, creed etc… unrelated to the job. The aim of ...
Cooke Steven J SJ Fish Ecology and Conservation Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biology and Institute of Environmental Science, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6, Canada; 2Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, University of California, 621 Charles E. Young Drive South, Los Angeles, California 90095; 3Department of Biology, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677; 4Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616; 5Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, 915 West State Street, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907; 6School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia; 7Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft Laboratory, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, United Kingdom; 8Aquatic Behavioural Ecology Lab, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada; 9Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada; 10Conservation Science Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom; 11Max Planck Institute of Ornithology, D-78315 Radolfzell, Germany, and University of Konstanz, D-78467 Konstanz, - - 2014
Abstract Many animal populations are in decline as a result of human activity. Conservation practitioners are attempting to prevent further declines and loss of biodiversity as well as to facilitate recovery of endangered species, and they often rely on interdisciplinary approaches to generate conservation solutions. Two recent interfaces in conservation ...
Homan H J - - 2013
Knowledge of the behavior and movement patterns of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris L.) is important to wildlife managers that seek to resolve conflicts at livestock facilities. We captured and radio tagged 10 starlings at each of 5 dairies in northeastern Ohio. From September 19 to October 31, 2007, we obtained ...
Gunderson Erik W - - 2013
In this report, we describe a case of intranasal "bath salts"-associated psychosis. Symptoms developed during a 3-week binge and were potentially exacerbated by oral diphenhydramine taken for insomnia. The clinical case conference includes expert discussion from 3 disciplines: emergency medicine toxicology, behavioral pharmacology, and addiction medicine. It is hoped that ...
Tackett Sean S Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2013
The physician-patient relationship is at the heart of patient care. Dr. Michael Kahn proposed a checklist of six behaviors, defining "etiquette-based medicine", as a strategy to start each encounter respectfully and improve patient-physician rapport. To assess performance of "etiquette-based medicine" in the inpatient setting. Cross-sectional observational study using time-motion techniques ...
Freedland Kenneth E - - 2013
Attention control groups play an important but controversial role in randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions. The study by Pagoto et al. in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine provides an informative example of some of the problems that attention control conditions can create in psychosomatic and behavioral medicine trials. This ...
Butler Dennis J - - 2013
This article describes the development of a Behavioral Medicine track in a family medicine residency designed to train physicians to proactively and consistently apply advanced skills in psychosocial medicine, psychiatric care, and behavioral medicine. The Behavioral Medicine track emerged from a behavioral science visioning retreat, an opportunity to restructure residency ...
Newman William J - - 2012
This article is designed to provide an overview of the existing literature on pharmacologically managing aggression, with a specific focus on psychiatric diagnoses commonly associated with increased aggression. Self-injurious behaviors and suicide are sometimes classified as forms of aggression, but information presented here focuses primarily on aggression toward others (physical ...
Ritz Thomas - - 2012
Objective: This review examines the evidence for psychosocial influences in asthma and behavioral medicine approaches to its treatment. Method: We conducted a systematic review of the literature on psychosocial influences and the evidence for behavioral interventions in asthma with a focus on research in the past 10 years and clinical ...
Herat Sunil - - 2012
Safe management of electronic and electrical waste (e-waste/WEEE) is becoming a major problem for many countries around the world. In particular, developing countries face a number of issues with the generation, transboundary movement and management of e-waste. It is estimated that the world generates around 20-50 million tonnes of e-waste ...
Ishimura Norihisa - - 2012
Background/Aims: Endoscopic definitions and management of Barrett's esophagus vary widely among countries. To examine the current situation regarding diagnosis, epidemiology, management and treatment of Barrett's esophagus in East Asian countries using a questionnaire-based survey. Methods: Representative members of the Committee of the International Gastrointestinal Consensus Symposium developed and sent a ...
Cameron Alexandra - - 2012
In low- and middle-income countries, patients and reimbursement agencies that purchase medicines in the private sector pay more for originator brands when generic equivalents exist. We estimated the savings that could be obtained from a hypothetical switch in medicine consumption from originator brands to lowest-priced generic equivalents for a selection ...
Baum Neil - - 2012
Doctors for the most part are creatures of habit. After training, they get into a comfort zone and may find it difficult to change the way they practice medicine or conduct their business. This article will provide a metaphor using small chains holding large elephants in place as an example ...
Delepierre A - - 2012
Antibiotics are the most counterfeited medicines and account for 28% of global counterfeit medicines. Counterfeit antibiotics are estimated at 5% of the global antibiotic market. No area in the world seems to be spared from counterfeiting of antibiotics. However, these are rare in developed countries, whereas the strong demand for antibiotics in ...
Moore Melinda - - 2012
Objectives:  Community resilience (CR) is emerging as a major public policy priority within disaster management and is one of two key pillars of the December 2009 US National Health Security Strategy. However, there is no clear agreement on what key elements constitute CR. We examined exemplary practices from international disaster ...
Oliveira Camila Reis de - - 2012
Recycling and the related issue of sustainable development are increasing in importance around the world. In Brazil, the new National Policy on Solid Wastes has prompted discussion on the future of electronic waste (e-waste). Over the last 10years, different e-waste collection systems and recycling processes have been applied globally. This ...
Kodikara Sarathchandra - - 2012
Clinical forensic medicine is a sub-specialty of forensic medicine and is intimately associated with the justice system of a country. Practice of clinical forensic medicine is evolving, but deviates from one jurisdiction to another. Most English-speaking countries practice clinical forensic medicine and forensic pathology separately while most non-English-speaking countries practice ...
Qaseem Amir - - 2012
Guideline development processes vary substantially, and many guidelines do not meet basic quality criteria. Standards for guideline development can help organizations ensure that recommendations are evidence-based and can help users identify high-quality guidelines. Such organizations as the U.S. Institute of Medicine and the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and ...
Li Qiang - - 2012
In recent years, significant growth has been seen in the field of emergency medicine. However, the national productivity to the field of emergency medicine remains unknown. This study aimed to reveal the national contributions in the field of emergency medicine. Articles published in 13 highly cited journals in emergency medicine ...
Heuss L T - - 2012
The practice of sedation, including monitoring practice for digestive endoscopy, continues to evolve throughout the world. In many countries, including Switzerland, there is a trend towards increased utilization of sedation during both routine and advanced endoscopic procedures. Sedation improves patient satisfaction with endoscopy and also improves the quality of the ...
Feibel Robert M - - 2012
Vincent Tabone may be unique in the history of ophthalmology. He practiced ophthalmology for 40 years in his homeland, the Republic of Malta. During that time, he became well known as a pioneer in the international effort to eradicate trachoma worldwide. At age 53, he began a long and successful ...
Pricope Narcisa G - - 2012
Savanna ecosystems are semi-arid and fire-prone. Increasing temperatures and decreasing precipitation in Southern Africa will probably have a series of strong impacts on the various components of fire regimes in these ecosystems that will, in turn, affect their ecology, structure, and function. This paper presents a geospatial analysis to quantify ...
Bateman Chris C HMPG. - - 2012
One local doctor, by grasping random overlapping educational opportunities, has become the catalyst for 'Doctors without Borders' (MSF) wanting to adopt the South African Triage Scale (SATS) as its standard emergency protocol for resource-poor countries world-wide.
Lakić Dragana - - 2012
To analyze the pharmacy network (structure and resources) in Bulgaria, Croatia, Serbia, and Slovenia and its relation to public expenditures for medicines. We performed a cross-sectional study using the officially published data for the period 2003-2008 in four selected countries. Data sources were relevant national institutions. In 2008, Serbia had ...
Davenport Mark - - 2012
The advent of universal antenatal ultrasonography in many countries has revealed the full spectrum of congenital thoracic malformations (CTMs) and presented clinicians with a number of practical dilemmas to do with diagnosis and management. We present a review of the most common forms of CTMs, including congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, ...
Strippoli Marie-Pierre F - - 2012
The European Respiratory Society Task Force on primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) in children recently published recommendations for diagnosis and management. This paper compares these recommendations with current clinical practice in Europe. Questionnaires were returned by 194 paediatric respiratory centres caring for PCD patients in 26 countries. In most countries, PCD ...
Srinivasaiah Nishant M - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e42571 in vol. 7.].
Kim Hyo Geun - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder and is the most common cause of progressive dementia in aging. Research on AD therapy has been partly successful in terms of developing symptomatic treatments, but there have been a number of failures with regard to developing disease-modifying therapies. The pathogenesis of ...
Beran Tanya N - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the career decision-making process of International Medical Graduates (IMGs). There are two main types of IMGs who apply for licensure in Canada. Canadian International Medical Graduates (CIMGs) were Canadian citizens before leaving to study medicine in a foreign country, in comparison to ...
Toledo Rodrigo A - - 2012
The finished version of the human genome sequence was completed in 2003, and this event initiated a revolution in medical practice, which is usually referred to as the age of genomic or personalized medicine. Genomic medicine aims to be predictive, personalized, preventive, and also participative (4Ps). It offers a new ...
Oleszczyk Marek - - 2012
The countries of Central and Eastern Europe have experienced a lot of changes at the end of the 20th century, including changes in the health care systems and especially in primary care. The aim of this paper is to systematically assess the position of family medicine in these countries, using ...
Wilson Kinsley Rose - - 2012
In order to ensure their population's regular access to essential medicines, many least developed countries and developing countries are faced with the policy question of whether to import or manufacture drugs locally, in particular for life-saving antiretroviral medicines for HIV/AIDS patients. In order for domestic manufacturing to be viable and ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 >