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Ansari Mohammad W MW Plant Molecular Biology Group, International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, 110067, - - 2014
Fresh produce, in actual fact, is exposed to multiple stresses through entire post-harvest phase such as handling, storage and distribution. The biotic stresses are associated with various post-harvest diseases leading to massive produce loss. Abiotic stresses such as drought, heat and chilling cause cell weakening, membrane leakage, flavour loss, surface ...
Hall Daniel L DL Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is characterized in part by debilitating fatigue typically exacerbated by cognitive and/or physical exertion, referred to as post-exertional malaise (PEM). In a variety of populations, the cortisol awakening response (CAR) has stood out as a marker of endocrine dysregulation relevant to the experience of fatigue, and ...
Koh David D Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei, Brunei DarussalamNational University of Singapore, Singapore, - - 2014
To discuss methodological issues related to using salivary biomarkers to evaluate response to a stress management intervention. Findings from a study which utilised salivary biomarkers to evaluate group responses to a stress management program are discussed. In that study, we measured responses to qigong practice as a stress intervention among ...
Duffrin Christopher C Department of Family Medicine, East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, - - 2014
This study was designed to measure the impact of primary care fellowship training on the subsequent happiness, career satisfaction and perceived stress levels of fellowship-trained physicians as compared to a general population of Family Medicine physicians in North Carolina. A written survey instrument was completed by fellowship graduates of the ...
van Wyk Brian E BE School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Modderdam Road, Bellville, South Africa, - - 2014
Healthcare workers need to be supported to maintain sufficient levels of motivation and productivity, and to prevent the debilitating effects of stress on mental and physical well-being. To assess the effects of preventive staff-support interventions to healthcare workers. We searched The Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) ...
McConnell B V BV Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
We examined self-reported complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among a largely indigent population with epilepsy. Overall CAM use was 70%, with the most frequently reported complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) being medical marijuana (33%), prayer/spirituality (31%), meditation (19%), vitamins (19%), and stress management (16%). Forty-four percent of patients reported ...
Taverniers John - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore human factors aspects of reality-based "force-on-force" (FoF) handgun practice through a within-subjects field experiment that assessed subjective stress measurements, biomarker regulation, performance outcomes, and behavioral adaptations. FoF handgun practice is a recent training asset for armed officers whereby dynamic opponents may act, ...
Blacksell Lauren L School of Health Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA 5005, - - 2014
A survey of herbal medicines available for internet and over-the-counter purchase in South Australia, Australia, was conducted looking specifically at those used for 'arthritis', 'cold and flu', 'gastrointestinal', 'stress' and 'premenstrual syndrome'. 121 products consisted of 29 in the 'arthritis' category, 33 in 'cold and flu', 19 in 'gastrointestinal' 30 ...
DiPaola Daniel D Nyack Hospital Center for Diagnostic Imaging, Nyack, NY, USA. - - 2014
The modern radiology department operates within an environment of competition, increased regulation, and decreasing budgets. Functioning in this setting may lead the radiology manager to experience job related stress. Stress in the workplace has been linked to cardiovascular and musculoskeletal disorders. While there are a number of triggers for job ...
Solberg Ingunn Bjarnadóttir - - 2013
Globalization has facilitated the employability of doctors almost anywhere in the world. In recent years, the migration of doctors seems to have increased. However, we lack studies on doctors' migration from developed countries. Because the economic recession experienced by many countries might have affected the migration of doctors, research on ...
Kretzer Kikikipa K University of Iowa College of Nursing, Iowa City (Dr Kretzer); Beth-El College of Nursing and Health Sciences (Dr Kretzer) and Department of Psychology (Mr Evelo and Dr Durham), University of Colorado at Colorado - - 2013
This report evaluates a Hawaiian-based, self-management intervention for reducing blood pressure (BP) and stress in women. It highlights lessons learned when using nonpharmacologic, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. Specific participant characteristics and preferences should be considered for optimizing health outcomes in CAM research in nursing practice.
Goldstein David S - - 2013
This review presents concepts of scientific integrative medicine and relates them to the physiology of catecholamine systems and to the pathophysiology of catecholamine-related disorders. The applications to catecholamine systems exemplify how scientific integrative medicine links systems biology with integrative physiology. Concepts of scientific integrative medicine include (i) negative feedback regulation, ...
Sharma Manoj M University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Stress has become a global public health problem. Yoga offers one possible way of reducing stress. The purpose of this study was to look at studies from 2011 to May 2013 and examine whether yoga can be an efficacious approach for managing stress. A systematic search of Medline, CINAHL, and ...
Evans Alison - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify current trends in clinical assessment and management of stress velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in wind musicians. This was an online two-round Delphi survey of health practitioners familiar with assessing and treating musicians with stress VPI. Fourteen specialists (seven otolaryngologists and seven speech-language pathologists) ...
Nater Urs M - - 2013
In recent years, a growing interest has emerged in behavioural medicine to examine the role of acute and chronic stress as a predisposing and contributing factor to physical health and illness. For a deeper understanding of these associations, research is in need of biological markers for alterations in biological stress ...
Hogan Christopher - - 2013
Stress is a word commonly used, but vaguely applied in the community. Stress occurs for a range of endogenous and extrinsic reasons, often unique to the individual, though there are some common elements. This article aims to present background information on stress and provide an approach to managing a patient ...
Shaw Joanne - - 2013
Breaking bad news (BBN) is a core component of medicine. Psychophysiological studies confirm the subjective reports of doctors that BBN is a stressful experience. This study investigated doctors' physiological stress responses prior to and during two simulated bad news consultations. Thirty-one doctors participated in a speech-interaction task and two simulated ...
Kinnunen-Amoroso M - - 2013
BackgroundOccupational stress is a serious threat to the well-being of employees and organizations and may cause ill-health and loss of productivity. Determining the methods that occupational health (OH) services and employers use to manage work-related stress can help to detect both barriers and facilitating factors for effective stress management.AimsTo examine ...
Rahmani Nasrin - - 2013
Hypertrophic scars are abnormal scars that develop after wound-healing, especially in some ethnic backgrounds. The after-effects of these scars result in depression, posttraumatic stress syndrome, anxiety, impaired self-esteem and quality of life. Treatment of these scars still is a subject of different studies and is a challenging issue in reconstructive ...
von Humboldt Sofia - - 2013
To date, little research has yet focused in broad assessment for management consultancy professionals. This investigation aims to analyse management consultants' self-perceptions of occupational stress (SPoOS), sources of stress (SoS) and stress management strategies (SMS) and to find latent constructs that can work as major determinants in consultants' conceptualization of ...
Bisson Jonathan I - - 2013
The inconsistent implementation of evidence-based practice has become a significant concern in the traumatic stress field. The European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS) has played a major role in highlighting this issue and has contributed to a number of European initiatives to improve dissemination and implementation. Key initiatives include ...
Lattie Emily G - - 2013
The onset of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) typically involves reductions in activities of daily living and social interactions (jointly referred to as "illness burden"). Emotional distress has been linked to increased reported symptoms, and stress management skills have been related to lower fatigue severity in CFS patients. Symptom severity ...
DeFraia Gary S GS Magellan Health Services, USA. - - 2013
Central to the field of trauma psychology is assessment of the impact of critical incidents on individuals, as measured by individual symptoms of stress. Accordingly, the trauma literature reflects a proliferation of clinical impact of event scales. Workplace incidents however, affect not only individual employees, but also work organizations, requiring ...
Ushiroyama Takahisa T Endowment Department of Mibyou Science and Medicine of Salutogenesis, Health Science Clinic, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan. - - 2013
A serious problem currently plaguing the medical field is the widening gap between academic medicine, which studies the features and causes of illness, and the medical care that patients desire. An example of this gap can be observed in the practice of psychotherapy, which is effective only for certain patients. ...
Wirth-Petrik Brittney - - 2012
In a study of terror management theory, participants first responded to prompts asking them to imagine their own death or dental pain and later rated the desirability of a generic job described explicitly as extremely stressful. The job description included either an American or foreign company logo. As predicted by ...
Gibbons J F - - 2013
Guidelines on prudent antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine have been developed to reduce inappropriate prescribing of antimicrobials. Such guidelines focus mainly on the clinical and pharmacological indications for prescribing. A questionnaire study of veterinary surgeons engaged in cattle practice was completed to determine if non-clinical issues influence the decision to ...
Sanz-Biset Jaume - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Depurative practices, based on taking emetic plants and the restriction of food intake, are very much used in the traditional medicine of Chazuta (Peruvian Amazon) not only to restore health but also to maintain it. AIM OF THE STUDY: To describe Chazuta's depurative practices, within a theoretical framework ...
Aakre K M KM Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway. - - 2012
To evaluate if clinical practice guideline recommendations regarding self-monitoring of blood glucose in patients with diabetes not using insulin follow the principles of evidence-based medicine. After a search from 1999 to 2011, 18 clinical practice guidelines were included. Recommendations regarding self-monitoring of blood glucose were graded on a scale from ...
Schut Christina - - 2012
Atopic dermatitis leads to, and can be triggered by, stress. Psychological interventions have been shown to have positive effects on skin status, itch and scratching behaviour. However, it has not been analysed whether stress management leads to a change in physiological stress level and psychophysiological stress reaction under acute stress ...
Brown Susan A - - 2012
Exotic small mammal patients can experience a great deal of anxiety and fear during a visit to a veterinary practice. The stressful experience may continue at the client's home during medication routines. The experience is at times so stressful to the animal that it damages the relationship of trust with ...
Lin Fang-Ju - - 2012
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines are well-known international clinical practice guidelines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The objective of this study was to examine how treatment recommendations and the quality of supporting evidence for pharmacologic management of stable COPD have ...
Vinkers Charlotte D W - - 2012
Although drop out rates in weight management interventions are high, little is known about characteristics of people dropping out at different time points during such interventions. This study aims to examine characteristics of early and late drop outs during a self-management intervention aimed at weight control, hypothesizing that changes in ...
Munk Marc-David - - 2012
Introduction Few emergency medical services (EMS) interventions in New Mexico have been assessed for efficacy, potential harm, or potential benefit. There is concern that many interventions added over the years may be outdated, harmful, or ineffective in the EMS setting. A formal process for reviewing the state EMS scope of ...
Zou Haiou - - 2012
Although self-management education programs for persons with schizophrenia are being developed and advocated, uncertainty about their overall effectiveness remains. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine outcomes of self-management education interventions in persons with schizophrenia. Six electronic databases were searched. Manual searches were conducted of the reference lists of ...
Ramstrand Nerrolyn - - 2012
Background: Evidence-based practice is commonly accepted as a means of improving patient outcomes; however, there is little understanding of the processes required to successfully implement it into prosthetic and orthotic practice.Objectives: To discuss factors affecting adoption of evidence-based practice and present a theoretical framework for its implementation into prosthetic and ...
Jones Christopher W CW Department of Emergency Medicine, Christiana Care Hospital, Newark, DE 19718, USA. - - 2013
Knowledge of current areas of activity in emergency medicine research may improve collaboration among investigators and may help inform decisions about future research priorities. Randomized, controlled trials are a key component of research activity and an essential tool for improving care. We investigated the characteristics of randomized trials recently published ...
Weber Melinda S - - 2012
Systematic incorporation of toxicity assessment and grading during cancer treatment and subsequent provision of evidence-based patient interventions according to national standards for excellence are daunting tasks. To accomplish those goals, the authors' institution developed evidence-based supportive therapy guidelines for symptom management. This article describes how the guidelines provided concise, user-friendly ...
Lucente Vincent - - 2012
Based on the growing evidence within our literature, mesh is clearly needed for long-term success for the repair of anterior/apical defects. Clear credentialing and clinical privilege criteria policies are long overdue. Current data are rapidly growing, with level I studies completed that demonstrate that when transvaginal mesh-augmented repair is used ...
Miller Sarah E - - 2012
This review summarizes recent literature regarding the prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). CLABSI rates in United States ICUs reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) have decreased dramatically in recent years. This has been achieved largely through a multifaceted approach and a focus on evidence-based best practices ...
Allen Joshua A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Australian critical care nurses generally undertake assessment of resuscitation competencies on an annual or biannual basis. International resuscitation evidence and guidelines released in 2010 do not support this practice, instead advocating more frequent retraining. AIM: To review the evidence for annual assessment of resuscitation knowledge and skills, and for ...
Mollon Deene - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Today's clinicians have different levels of knowledge and skill related to evidence-based practice, depending on their educational background, level of experience, and interest. This multidisciplinary study assessed nurses' baseline and posteducation practice, attitudes, and knowledge/skills regarding evidence-based practice. METHODS:A descriptive pre- and postsurvey design study evaluated clinical staff's practice, attitudes, ...
Atkinson Sarah - - 2012
Intervention to enhance wellbeing through participation in the creative arts has a transformative potential, but the spatialities to this are poorly theorised. The paper examines arts-based interventions in two primary schools in which small groups of children are taken out of their everyday classrooms to participate in weekly sessions. The ...
Martín Mola Emilio - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical evidence on abatacept and to formulate recommendations in order to clear up points related to its use in rheumatology. METHOD: An expert panel of rheumatologists objectively summarized the evidence on the mechanism of action, practicalities, effectiveness and safety of abatacept, and formulated recommendations following a ...
Mainous Arch G AG 3rd Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
To assess the effect of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) integrated into an electronic health record (EHR) on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in primary care. Quasi-experimental design with nine intervention practices and 61 control practices in the Practice Partner Research Network, a network of practices which ...
Guttman Avia - - 2012
Background: Motor imagery practice refers to the mental rehearsal of motor acts in the absence of actual movement production. Purpose: To evaluate the effect of motor imagery practice on the performance of sit to stand (STS) and reaching to grasp in subjects with post stroke chronic hemiparesis. Method: The study ...
Nash William P - - 2012
This article summarizes the recommendations of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)/Department of Defense (DOD) VA/DOD Clinical Practice Guideline for Management of Post-Traumatic Stress that pertain to acute stress and the prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder, including screening and early interventions for acute stress states in various settings. Recommended interventions ...
Zwolsman Sandra - - 2012
GPs report various barriers to the use and practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM). A review of research on these barriers may help solve problems regarding the uptake of evidence in clinical outpatient practice. To determine the barriers encountered by GPs in the practice of EBM and to come up with ...
Prasad Vinay - - 2012
The history of pulmonary embolism (PE) provides a fascinating portrait of a well-established diagnosis and standard of care treatment moving into the age of evidence-based medicine. We examined the history of PE and the practice of treating PE with anticoagulation. Pulmonary embolism is a diagnostic category whose definition and treatment ...
Chan Raymond Javan - - 2012
PURPOSE: To provide an overview and a critical appraisal of systematic reviews (SRs) of published interventions for the prevention/management of radiation dermatitis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. We also manually searched through individual reference lists of potentially eligible articles and a number of ...
Legrand Sara-Ann - - 2012
Background The consumption of some psychotropic medicines has a negative effect on the fitness to drive. Pharmacists are expected to give useful advice to patients on their participation in traffic. However, almost no information is available on this topic. Objective To assess the effect of training and implementation of new ...
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