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Wills Ron B H RB School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, - - 2014
Cool chain management is the preferred technology to extend the postharvest life of horticultural produce but with rising energy costs and community pressure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, there is a need to use less energy intensive technologies. Minimising the level of ethylene around horticultural produce inhibits ripening and senescence ...
Banh Robert S RS Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 2M9, - - 2014
Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) provides an important, but incompletely understood, barrier to tumorigenesis. In this issue, Yang et al. (2014) surprisingly report that inactivation of PTP1B by reactive oxygen species is essential for OIS, via effects on AGO2 and microRNA maturation.
Miljkovic V - - 2014
Metronidazole, a medicine discovered in the late 1950 s is mainly an antibiotic active against anaerobes and protozoa. There are numerous side effects of metronidazole. Some interactions with other medicines enhance its activity, and some cause the decrease in activity and plasma concentration. A short review of its side effects, ...
Lawrence David D Division of Primary Care and Public Health, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, University of Brighton, Falmer, East Sussex BN1 9PH, - - 2014
Herbal medication is the most commonly used form of healthcare in Africa. However, little is known about its use by young Africans in the urban context METHODS: This qualitative study explored opinions about herbal medicine and its uses among young people in the Wakiso district, Uganda. About a third of ...
- - 2014
THE STILLBIRTH and neonatal death charity Sands is calling for a review of crematoria practices to ensure a consistent approach to the cremation of very premature, stillborn and young babies across the UK.
Mitchell Michelle M MS - - 2014
Two new medicines for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have recently been approved for use on the NHS, and two more will hopefully follow within the next year, taking the total to 11. It is an exciting, unprecedented time, but people with MS continue to face significant difficulties accessing the ...
Bronner Gila G Sexual Medicine Center, Department of Urology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, - - 2014
Masturbation is a common sexual activity among people of all ages throughout life. It has been traditionally prohibited and judged as immoral and sinful by several religions. Although it is no longer perceived as a negative behavior, masturbation is often omitted in the diagnostic inquiry of patients with sexual problems. ...
Krause Neal N University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to see if the social life in religious institutions is associated with practical wisdom and if practical wisdom is, in turn, associated with better health. Interviews were conducted with a nationwide sample of people aged 50 and older (N = 1,154). A new measure ...
Vellinga Akke A School of Medicine, National University of Galway, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over recent years, a global increase in the use of pharmaceutical products has been observed. EU directives state that "Member states shall ensure that appropriate collection systems are in place for medicinal products that are unused or have expired" (Directive 2001/83/EC and Directive 2004/27/EC). There is no published data on ...
Jones Tony T Registered Nurse, Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service, Alzheimer’s ACT, Kaleen, - - 2014
When people with dementia demonstrate challenging behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, the levels of stress experienced by their carers increases. Furthermore, there is an increased likelihood that the person will be prematurely admitted to a residential care facility. The adverse side-effects that have been associated with the use of ...
Uhlig Katrin K Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, and Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Center for Clinical Evidence Synthesis, Tufts Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Many patients of all ages have multiple conditions, yet clinicians often lack explicit guidance on how to approach clinical decision-making for such people. Most recommendations from clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) focus on the management of single diseases, and may be harmful or impractical for patients with multimorbidity. A major barrier ...
Bishara Delia D Pharmacy Department, The Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 8AZ, UK, - - 2013
Research into the use of clozapine in older people is somewhat scarce. Clozapine is associated with serious adverse effects such as agranulocytosis, seizures, myocarditis and metabolic syndrome. Other common undesirable effects such as sedation, constipation (which can be fatal), urinary incontinence and hypersalivation further limit its use. These adverse effects ...
Kes Vanja Basić - - 2013
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine defines complementary and alternative medicine as a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disabling disease of the central nervous system that affects ...
Nuwaha Fred - - 2013
Use of alternative medicine for chronic diseases such as hypertension is common in low as well as high income countries. This study estimated the proportion of people who were aware of their hypertension that use alternative medicine and identified factors predicting the use of alternative medicine. In a community based ...
Bagge Michael - - 2013
Few qualitative studies have explored older patients' perspectives on medicine changes that resulted from a stay in hospital. To explore how older people aged ≥75 years, who had recently been discharged from hospital to their own home, understood and managed any changes to their medicines. Forty people aged ≥75 years ...
Bailey Helen R - - 2013
Specialty and Associate Specialist (SAS) doctors in sexual health in the United Kingdom conducted this baseline audit against standards in the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) Management of STIs and related conditions in children and young people (2010) guideline: offer of screen (standard 90%), acceptance of screen ...
Flicker Leon - - 2013
Over the last 30 years, major advances in the provision of services for frail older people in Australasia have taken place. This has been spurred on by the accumulation of the evidence for benefits of the multidisciplinary team model of comprehensive geriatric assessment and management. Current research is now uncovering ...
Kaufman Gerri - - 2013
The aim of this article is to explore prescribing and medicines management in older people. The author discusses the physiological changes that occur as people age and how these changes affect the use of drugs in this group. Additionally, inappropriate prescribing with specific reference to polypharmacy in older people is ...
Narayan Sujita W - - 2013
Older people are exposed to multiple medicines that possess anticholinergic properties. The use of anticholinergic medicines is associated with the risk of morbidity, mortality and cognitive decline, particularly in older people. Anticholinergic exposure can be measured using tools such as the Drug Burden Index-Anticholinergic component (DBI-ACh) and the Anticholinergic Drug ...
- - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects around 64 million people worldwide and is the fourth leading cause of death.(1) In Europe, COPD is thought to be responsible for the deaths of 200,000 to 300,000 people each year and its economic burden estimated to be EUR102 billion/year.(1) In 2011, over 1.5 ...
Nishtala Prasad S - - 2013
AIM: To examine independent factors associated with potentially inappropriate medicines (PIM) among 316 community-dwelling people aged ≥75 years living in Dunedin. METHODS: People aged ≥75 years living in the community in Dunedin, New Zealand, taking ≥1 prescription medicines, randomly sampled from the electoral roll, were interviewed about their medicine-taking practices. ...
Harolds Jay A - - 2013
Organizations are judged largely by the quality of their people and their output. It is therefore critical to obtain the best possible new physicians in the recruiting process. However, getting the finest doctor for the job may mean looking for someone who brings more than expertise in a subspecialty field ...
Mygind Anna - - 2013
Background Type 2 diabetes is highly prevalent among people of Pakistani background. Studies show that adherence to medicines is complicated for people with type 2 diabetes in general. Also, studies indicate that many people with type 2 diabetes and Muslim background fast during the month of Ramadan without adequate counselling ...
Hewson Campbell - - 2013
Poor storage of medicines can reduce their efficacy, yet little is known about how people store medicines in their homes and elsewhere, why these locations are chosen, and whether the conditions are suitable for medicines storage. To investigate where medicines are commonly stored in New Zealand households, why, and the ...
Bagge Michael - - 2013
Many qualitative studies examine older people's attitudes towards their medicines. Often these studies focus on the topic of medicines adherence. In contrast, this study aims to explore the attitudes of older people, aged 75 years and older, towards their regular prescription and non-prescription medicines. This study comprised two investigations of ...
Papadimos Thomas J TJ Department of Anesthesiology, The Ohio State University, Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA. - - 2013
In critical care medicine, teaching and mentoring practices are extremely important in regard to attracting and retaining young trainees and faculty in this important subspecialty that has a scarcity of needed personnel in the USA. To this end, we argue that Foucault's Technologies of the Self is critical background reading ...
Macintyre I M - - 2012
The Edinburgh surgeon-apothecary and physician George Young was an empiric who emphasised observation, practical experience and a sceptical approach to evidence in medicine. He was an early member of the Rankenian Club, a group of young intellectuals whose ideas were to be at the heart of Scottish Enlightenment thinking. Young ...
Kotzé Elmarie - - 2013
In the territory of violence and despair, hope is rare. Recent work on hope has shifted attention from hope as a feeling to hope as a practice that people can do together. This case report of a family exposed to domestic violence highlights the role played by a South African ...
Czerny Martin - - 2012
At least every ten years, each specialty should reflect upon its past, its present and its future, in order to be able to reconfirm the direction in which it is headed, to adopt suggestions from inside and outside and, consequently, to improve. As such, the aim of this manuscript is ...
Schei Edvin - - 2012
Despite medical leaders' increasing acceptance of the idea that the whole person should be the focus of care, empirical studies show clinicians generally remain focused on narrower goals: disease categories, standardized treatment procedures, and objective measurements of health improvements. We assume doctors want to do a good job, consistent with ...
Hairi Noran N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Managing stairs is a challenging activity of daily living (ADL) for older people. This study aims to examine the association between visual impairment and difficulty in managing stairs among older people living alone and those living with others. METHODS: A population-based cross sectional study was conducted in rural Malaysia ...
Tsinberg Michael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Debates about the difficult job market for young endocrine surgeons are ongoing. This study aimed to analyze the practice patterns and work-related satisfaction levels of recently trained endocrine surgeons. METHODS: An anonymous survey was utilized. Participants were divided into 3 groups: "Young" (<3 years in practice), "middle" (3-5 years), ...
Eisenberg Naomi R - - 2012
This paper uses a post-structuralist lens to explore the nature of power relationships within the patient-physical therapist relationship. To ground the discussion, I begin with an overview of the salient aspects of the traditional evolution of Western medicine. I then draw from the philosophy/history of Foucault to challenge traditional thinking ...
Guagliano Justin M - - 2012
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to objectively examine physical activity (PA) levels of girls during organized sport (OS), and to compare the levels between games and practices for the same participants. Secondary aims of this study were to document lesson context and coach behavior during practices and ...
Sacchidanand Sarvajnamurthy A - - 2012
The present day dermatologists, in addition to conventional skin physicians, are also dermatologic-surgeons and cosmetologists in their practice. The cosmetic procedures have the inherent risk of malpractice litigations leaving an unsatisfied patient and a troublesome lawsuit against the doctor. A MEDLINE search was conducted for article with words such as ...
Snider Karen T - - 2012
The names of certain counterstrain tender points are incongruent with their physical locations because of an assumption that these points are reflective of dysfunction in neighboring body areas. Because the body area that is physically examined does not always match the body region in which somatic dysfunction is diagnosed for ...
Lorah Brian - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A routinely used thyroid uptake counter in Nuclear Medicine is evaluated to determine if its sensitivity is sufficient to perform routine thyroid bioassays on Nuclear Medicine personnel involved in handling and administering radioactive iodine. The BiodexAtomlab 950 (PC) Medical Spectrometer thyroid uptake counter system is found to be sensitive ...
Haudecoeur R - - 2012
The first review regarding the potential of aurones as promising drug candidates was reported in 2003. Since, considerable efforts have been made to explore the pharmacological and therapeutical activities of aurones. In this regard, many biological areas were concerned, including major pathological, such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. The aim ...
Baraldi Pier Giovanni - - 2012
Not requested according to the current author guidelines.
Ozçakar Levent L Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2012
Musculoskeletal ultrasound has gained a significant place in the diagnosis and management of various musculoskeletal disorders due to its several advantages (being convenient, inexpensive, non-invasive, repeatable, providing dynamic imaging and not requiring any exposure to radiation). It has also become a valuable tool in the daily clinical practice of physical ...
Dugas Michelle - - 2012
This 4-week prospective study examined whether the use of life-management strategies mediates the relationship between implementation planning and short-term progress on physical activity goals. In particular the strategies of elective selection, compensation, and loss-based selection were disentangled to assess their specific mediating effects. Results from a sample of 131undergraduate students ...
Ellenbuerger Thomas - - 2012
The main purpose of the present experiment was to determine the coordinate system used in the development of movement codes when observational and physical practice are scheduled across practice sessions. The task was to reproduce a 1,300-ms spatial-temporal pattern of elbow flexions and extensions. An intermanual transfer paradigm with a ...
Brennan Gerard P - - 2012
Tragedy results when we each pursue our own best interest in a society that believes in the freedom of a commons, such as clean air, fresh water, or natural fishing grounds. The purpose of this editorial is to consider how resources related to healthcare, and specifically to the delivery of ...
Pigozzi F - - 2012
In addition to their therapeutic applications, glucocorticosteroids have been widely used and abused in the belief that these substances may enhance athletic performance. Analysis of athlete urine samples by antidoping laboratories around the world support this conclusion. It is commonly accepted in medical practice to use local glucocorticosteroid injections in ...
Tabuti John R S - - 2012
Traditional medicine (TM) occupies a special place in the management of diseases in Uganda. Not with standing the many people relying on TM, indigenous knowledge (IK) related to TM is getting steadily eroded. To slow down this loss it is necessary to document and conserve as much of the knowledge ...
Hewitt-Taylor Jaqui - - 2012
People with long-term conditions are encouraged to take control and ownership of managing their condition. Interactions between health care staff and patients become partnerships with sharing of expertise. This has changed the doctor-patient relationship and the division of roles and responsibilities that traditionally existed, but what each party expects from ...
Kacmarek Robert M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Information and opinions were sought on the need for graduating and practicing respiratory therapists to obtain 66 competencies necessary for practice in 2015 and beyond, the required length of respiratory care programs, the educational needs of practicing therapists, current and future workforce positions, and the appropriate credential needed by ...
Burgess John - - 2011
In asthma management, complementary and alternative medicine is enjoying a growing popularity worldwide. This review synthesizes the literature on complementary and alternative medicine techniques that utilize breathing retraining as their primary component and compares evidence from controlled trials with before-and-after trials. Medline, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health ...
Woodhead M - - 2011
This document is an update of Guidelines published in 2005 and now includes scientific publications through to May 2010. It provides evidence-based recommendations for the most common management questions occurring in routine clinical practice in the management of adult patients with LRTI. Topics include management outside hospital, management inside hospital ...
Woodhead M - - 2011
This document is an update of Guidelines published in 2005 and now includes scientific publications through to May 2010. It provides evidence-based recommendations for the most common management questions occurring in routine clinical practice in the management of adult patients with LRTI. Topics include management outside hospital, management inside hospital ...
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