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Hessel Eugene A EA 2nd 1University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
The development and application of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to permit open heart surgery is considered among the most important clinical advances in medicine during the last half of the 20th century. The birth of CPB for cardiac surgery is attributed to its first successful clinical use by John Gibbon Jr, ...
Parviz Babak A - - 2014
A compelling area of use for Google Glass, a new computing and communication platform in the form of a network-connected head-worn system, is in laboratory experimentation and medicine. In the current issue of ACS Nano, Ozcan and colleagues describe how Google Glass can be used to automatically identify the results ...
Bahnassi Anas A From the Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate pharmacists views and practices in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, through conducting direct interviews including direct questions and hypothetical scenarios. A purposeful sample of 150 community pharmacists of different ethnic and educational backgrounds were approached to participate in the study. Semistructured interviews including general ...
Gilmartin Julia F-M JF Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Vic., - - 2014
Dose administration aids (DAAs) organise medicines that have been repacked according to the day of the week and time of the day in which they must be taken. In Australia, DAAs are commonly prepared by pharmacy staff for residential aged care facility (RACF) medicine administration. Although the limited available literature ...
Greenberg Neil N Neil Greenberg Consulting Services, LLC, 40 Chipping Ridge, Fairport, NY 14450, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
An increasingly important quality objective in laboratory medicine is ensuring the equivalence of test results among different measurement procedures, different laboratories and health care systems, over time. In recent years, interest in sharing a single patient's clinical laboratory data, regardless of where the measurements are performed, has moved out of ...
Moriyama Yoshinori Y Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama - - 2014
  The Division of Emergency Pharmacy was established at the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Okayama University in 2011. Pharmacists employed by the University Hospital have been assigned to serve as clinical faculty; some of them had been sent as members of medical support teams to the 2011 Great East Japan ...
Nakayama Takeo T Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public - - 2014
  Academic detailing, interactive information services by pharmacists for clinicians, has been getting interests in the US and European countries. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials supported the effectiveness of academic detailing. Knowledge of evidence-based medicine and clinical practice guidelines is one of the essential bases for pharmacists to promote ...
Al-Worafi Yaser Mohammed YM College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Saudi - - 2014
Pharmacy practice in Yemen was established in 1875 in Aden. To describe pharmacy practice as it currently exists in Yemen, the challenges the profession faces, and to recommend changes that will improve pharmaceutical care services. This study has two parts. Part 1 comprised a literature search performed between May and ...
Gudiene V V Faculty of Pharmacy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania. - - 2014
The Museum of the History of Lithuanian Medicine and Pharmacy has a prescription book by a pharmacist Teodor. Geldner from Telsiai (the tsarist Russia's Lithuanian Vilnius Governorate), dated 1830. Each medication that was produced at the pharmacy had to be registered in this book. The entries included the composition of ...
Hanna Tamer T The University of Sydney . Sydney, NSW ( Australia - - 2014
To explore the potential for community pharmacist prescribing in terms of usefulness, pharmacists' confidence, and appropriateness, in the context of asthma management. Twenty community pharmacists were recruited using convenience sampling from a group of trained practitioners who had already delivered asthma services. These pharmacists were asked to complete a scenario-based ...
Holsappel Inge G A IG Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80082, 3508 TB, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Background Since January 2012 the Dutch Medicines Act has been changed to enable medication monitoring and counselling for individual patients. Prescribers of medicines are now obliged to record the indication on the prescription of medicines mentioned in this law. Objective To assess patients' opinion about recording of the indication on ...
Sorita Atsushi A Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine-Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York; Division of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2013
Overuse of inpatient stat laboratory orders ("stat" is an abbreviation of the Latin word "statim," meaning immediately, without delay) is a major problem in the modern healthcare system. To understand patterns of stat laboratory ordering practices at our institution and to assess the effectiveness of individual feedback in reducing these ...
Ripley Toni L - - 2013
The increasing prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has prompted leading cardiovascular organizations to advocate utilization of a team approach to patient care that includes nonphysician providers. In spite of that, the American College of Cardiology reported that nonphysician providers are underutilized in the management of patients with CVD. A survey ...
Provenza N - - 2013
Personalized medicine is a challenging research area in paediatric treatments. Elaborating new paediatric formulations when no commercial forms are available is a common practice in pharmacy laboratories; among these, oral liquid formulations are the most common. But due to the lack of specialized equipment, frequently studies to assure the efficiency ...
Hodges Joanne - - 2013
Diagnostic cytology is a useful, noninvasive test with practical foundations in high-quality medicine and applications to practice building. Cytology will generate practice revenue whether assessed in-house or sent to a clinical pathologist. Thorough in-house evaluation is adequate in some cases, but expert opinion is important in many cases. Specimen slides ...
Huda Fauzia A - - 2013
To explore the availability and provision of misoprostol and other medicines for menstrual regulation (MR) among pharmacies in Bangladesh. Between March and November 2011, a cross-sectional study using mystery client visits was conducted among pharmacy workers in Dhaka and Gazipur Districts, Bangladesh. Mystery clients were trained to present 1 of ...
Danno Karine - - 2013
Pharmacists play an increasing role in advising on treatment for minor illnesses such as influenza-like illness (ILI) or ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders. However, the profile of patients consulting pharmacists with these illnesses, the types of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines recommended by pharmacists, and the effectiveness of these treatments have ...
Mathurine Germaine - - 2013
South African nuclear medicine imaging departments have been fortunate in being able to receive an uninterrupted supply of molybdenum-99 (Mo)/technetium-99m (Tc) generators. Nuclear medicine radiographers practising in private sector services in the northern Gauteng region indicated a possible problem with the quantities of wasted and unused Tc radiopharmaceuticals returned to ...
Al-Arifi Mohamed N - - 2013
A cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia was conducted over a period of 6 months from July through December 2011. Data collection was carried out using a structured self-administered questionnaire. The survey questionnaire consisted of a brief introduction to the study and eleven questions. The questions consisted ...
Oshikoya Kazeem Adeola KA Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Lagos State University . Lagos ( Nigeria ). - - 2013
The use of herbal medicines is on the increase globally and they are usually supplied in pharmacies as non-prescription medicines. Pharmacists are, therefore, responsible for educating and informing the consumers about rational use of herbal medicines. To evaluate the knowledge of pharmacists in Lagos, Nigeria with regards to the herbal ...
Hussain Azhar A Pharmacy Department. Hamdard Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hamdard University . Islamabad ( Pakistan ). - - 2013
The study aimed to document the state of insomnia management at community pharmacies in Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted at randomly selected 371 pharmacies in three cities of Pakistan. Simulated patient visits were performed to collect information on case management of insomnia in terms of history taking and patient ...
Graz Bertrand - - 2013
"Reverse pharmacology", also called "bedside-to-bench" or "field to pharmacy" approach, is a research process starting with documentation of clinical outcome as observed by patients with different therapeutic regimens. The treatment most significantly associated with cure is selected for future studies: first, clinical safety and efficacy; then in vivo and vitro ...
Kaur Kirandeep - - 2013
A medical center's implementation of adult and pediatric parenteral nutrition (PN) algorithms and other strategies for managing PN ingredient shortages are described. In response to nationwide shortages of amino acids and other PN ingredients in 2010, a large Massachusetts teaching hospital undertook a quality-improvement initiative to ensure appropriate patient selection ...
Gilmartin Julia Fiona-Maree - - 2013
Background There is a risk that medicines can be dispensed into dose administration aids (DAAs), inaccurately or unsuitably. Quality improvement interventions (QIIs) may target this pharmacy medicine supply service and reduce the occurrence of these dispensing errors. In turn, medicine administration can improve in nursing homes (NHs) that use these ...
Tomlinson Lindsay - - 2013
The purpose of this paper by the Regulatory Affairs Committee (RAC) of the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) is to review the current regulatory guidances (eg, guidelines) and published recommendations for best practices in veterinary toxicologic clinical pathology, particularly in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, and to utilize ...
Zarshenas Mohammad Mehdi MM Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran ; Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2013
Over one hundred different pharmaceutical dosage forms have been recorded in literatures of Traditional Persian Medicine among which nasal forms are considerable. This study designed to derive the most often applied nasal dosage forms together with those brief clinical administrations. In the current study remaining pharmaceutical manuscripts of Persia during ...
Knai Cécile - - 2013
Prescriptions for medicines issued by healthcare professionals in other parts of the European Union are legally valid in the UK. However, it is not known whether this is fully understood by British community pharmacists. In this study we aimed to understand the implementation of UK pharmacy policy on dispensing prescriptions ...
Rizo Mike - - 2013
This article summarizes a practicing pharmacist's take on the liability of pharmacists in current pharmacy practice. The author, who feels that compounding pharmacists should be held to the same standards as other healthcare providers in civil litigations, provides a look at what he considers "entrapment" by way of legal double ...
Saengcharoen Woranuch - - 2013
To describe practice behavior and understanding among pharmacy personnel, both pharmacists and non-pharmacist staff, in the management of mild and moderate migraines. Migraine is recognized as a prevalent and chronic neurological disorder. In developing countries, such as Thailand, community pharmacies are a widely used source of health care for various ...
Price Christopher P - - 2013
The purpose of laboratory medicine is to facilitate better decision making in clinical practice and healthcare delivery. Decision making implies an unresolved issue, problem or unmet need. The most important criterion for any investigation to be of value in clinical practice is that it addresses an unmet need. The different ...
Mesquita Alessandra Rezende - - 2013
Background The number of medicines available without a prescription has increased in Brazil as elsewhere. The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency recently passed a resolution emphasizing the role of Brazilian pharmacists in promoting rational use of medicines. However, evidence that Brazilian pharmacists monitor the use of non-prescription medicines in the ...
Howard Rachel - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a process evaluation of pharmacists' recommendations arising in the context of a complex IT-enabled pharmacist-delivered randomised controlled trial (PINCER trial) to reduce the risk of hazardous medicines management in general practices. METHODS: PINCER pharmacists manually recorded patients' demographics, details of interventions recommended, actions undertaken by practice staff ...
Stites Steven - - 2013
A new metric was developed and implemented at the University of Kansas School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine, the financial value unit (FVU). This metric analyzes faculty clinical compensation compared with clinical work productivity as a transparent means to decrease the physician compensation variability and compensate faculty equitably for ...
Paudyal Vibhu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the UK, over 90 medicines that were previously available only through prescription have been reclassified to allow over-the-counter (OTC) availability via pharmacies. Pharmacists are personally responsible for undertaking or supervising the sales and supplies of these OTC 'pharmacy only' (P) medicines. Reclassification facilitates pharmacy management of a wide ...
Latif Asam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patient non-adherence to medicines represents a significant waste of health resource and lost opportunity for health gain. Medicine management services are a key health policy strategy to encourage patients to take medicines as they are prescribed. One such service is the English Medicines Use Review (MUR) which is an ...
Frankel Grace Elisabeth Charlotte - - 2013
Despite the changing role of the pharmacist in patient-centred practice, pharmacists anecdotally reported little confidence in their clinical decision-making skills and do not feel responsible for their patients. Observational findings have suggested these trends within the profession, but there is a paucity of evidence to explain why. We conducted an ...
Allen Loyd V LV - - 2013
In light of recent events and discussions of compounding pharmacy, it is important to discuss and understand the purpose of good manufacturing practices. This article provides a summary of the current Good Manufacturing Practice Regulations which were established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Jacobs Sally - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To explore current arrangements for identifying and managing performance concerns in community pharmacists in the UK. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative telephone interviews were conducted with 20 senior managers from community pharmacies and locum agencies. RESULTS: A strong emphasis was placed on business performance alongside other aspects of professional performance in ...
Olsson Erika - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is important that pharmacists counsel patients about their prescribed medicines, as it leads to improved therapeutic outcome, increases compliance, and decreases confusion and insecurity. Studies have shown that the number of patients getting any pharmaceutical counseling varies greatly. Swedish pharmacists claim that the focus of the dialog with ...
Nicholas Roger - - 2013
Objective : The paper highlights the extent of pharmaceutical drug misuse problems in Australia and explores how pharmaceutical opioid misuse could be reduced by implementation of a technological tool: a prescription co-ordination program (PCP). The paper explores how enhancements to existing computer-assisted clinical decision support systems through real-time, on-line information ...
Latif Asam - - 2013
Pharmacy support-staff (pharmacy technicians, dispensers and Medicines Counter Assistants) support the delivery of pharmaceutical and retail functions of the pharmacy. Workflow is supervised and at times dependent upon the pharmacist's presence. Policy makers and pharmacy's representative bodies are seeking to extend the community pharmacist's role including requiring the pharmacist to ...
Davies Michael J - - 2013
Over the past decade the profession of pharmacy has steadily evolved. The New Pharmacy Contract exposed pharmacists to a fundamental change in traditional pharmacy business models. This study will consider whether community pharmacists, pharmacy undergraduates and academic staff within the United Kingdom believe it would be beneficial to incorporate a ...
Macfarlane J D - - 2013
Four performing artists with musculoskeletal complaints were found to have an underlying malignancy.
Jee Samuel D - - 2013
With revalidation in pharmacy in the United Kingdom fast approaching, appropriate systems of revalidation in community pharmacy are required. With little known about the potential use of appraisals for evaluating fitness to practice in pharmacy professionals (pharmacists and pharmacy technicians) in this sector, research was undertaken to explore their potential ...
Schafheutle Ellen Ingrid - - 2013
Revalidation is about assuring that health practitioners remain up to date and fit to practice, and demonstrating that they continue to meet the requirements of their professional regulator. To critically discuss issues that need to be considered when designing a system of revalidation for pharmacy professionals. Although providing international context, ...
Boyle Maria - - 2013
To determine if defined subgroups of pharmacists' have variability in their expectations for competency of entry-level practitioners. Rating scale data collected from the 2009 National Pharmacy Practice Survey were analyzed to determine to what extent pharmacists' degree, practice setting, and experience as a preceptor were associated with the ratings they ...
Teagarden J R - - 2013
Pharmacy benefit managers are connected to some 215 million Americans and to every prescribing physician and retail pharmacy in the United States. Many of them have their own large and sophisticated dispensing operations. These capabilities could be put to use when drug shortages threaten life. Indeed, these capabilities are such ...
Kessler Anja - - 2013
Abstract We describe an External Quality Assessment Scheme (EQAS) intended for reference (calibration) laboratories in laboratory medicine and supervised by the Scientific Division of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine and the responsible Committee on Traceability in Laboratory Medicine. The official EQAS website, RELA (www.dgkl-rfb.de:81), is open ...
Cooper Richard - - 2013
The sale of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines from community pharmacies offers important opportunities for members of the public to access medicines and self-treat conditions. They are increasingly recognised, however, as having the potential for abuse and harm despite their perceived relative safety. This study reports on a qualitative study that explored ...
Ehdaivand Shahrzad - - 2013
Biosafety practices in anatomical pathology laboratories are crucial to prevent unnecessary exposures to both chemical and biological agents. Regulatory and guidance agencies have general regulations and recommendations regarding anatomical pathology laboratory biosafety practices. This study aimed to determine if professionals' perceptions and actual practice mirror these guidelines. Current available regulations ...
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