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Chretien Jean-Paul - - 2014
As physicians transform observed frequencies from studies into predicted probabilities for a given patient, we generally fail to consider that the predictions we utter about a given therapeutic intervention are themselves part of the intervention.
Ma Li L China Academy of Chinese Medicine Sciences, Beijing, 100700, - - 2014
This study proposes the ontological reconstruction of the current clinical terminology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It also provides an overview of preliminary work related to the said reconstruction, including the ontology-based analysis of TCM clinical terminology. We conclude that the ontological reconstruction of TCM clinical terminology provides a proper ...
Dabare Panthihage Ruvini - - 2014
Access to medicines is a universal right. Low availability and low affordability of medicines are issues that deny this right to a significant proportion of the world population. The objective of this study was to determine the availability, price and affordability of essential medicines prescribed to treat non communicable diseases ...
Harvey Jasmine J Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Division of Primary Care, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Identifying risk is an important facet of a safety practice in an organization. To identify risk, all components within a system of operation should be considered. In clinical safety practice, a team of people, technologies, procedures and protocols, management structure and environment have been identified as key components in a ...
van Hoof Joris J JJ Faculty of Behavioural Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Since for the sales of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines, prescribing physicians are not involved, and written instructions on/in the medicine boxes are inefficient, druggists and pharmacists are important gatekeepers in preventing customers' accidents. In this study we investigated the sales routines, and compliance with sales protocols, in order to evaluate that ...
Minghetti Paola P Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via G. Colombo 71, 20133 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pharmaceutical preparations are medicines that the pharmacist makes for the special needs of the patients that the pharmaceutical industry cannot comply for economic and logistic reasons. Pharmacy compounding is still an important component of pharmacy practice and a valuable therapeutical service that is an integrant part of the modern health ...
Casset Anne A Laboratory of Conception and Application of Bioactive Molecules, CNRS-University of Strasbourg , Faculty of Pharmacy, Illkirch , France - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In a 1999 survey, community pharmacists from the Alsace region of France had a reasonably good knowledge of asthma treatment and prevention, but their skill in the use of asthma inhalation devices left room for improvement. Since then, health authorities have encouraged the involvement of community pharmacists in ...
Mangge Harald H Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz; BioTechMed-Graz. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atherosclerotic plaques are the main cause of life threatening clinical endpoints like myocardial infarction and stroke. To prevent these endpoints, the improved early diagnosis and treatment of vulnerable atherosclerotic vascular lesions is essential. Although originally applied for anticancer treatment, recent advances have also showed the considerable potential of nanotechnology for ...
Tan Edwin C K EC Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a drug use evaluation (DUE) program on osteoporosis management in general practice. A DUE program, led by pharmacists integrated into two general practice clinics in Melbourne, Australia, was undertaken as part of the Pharmacists in Practice Study. Data on ...
Park Irene - - 2014
To determine if pharmacist-led Medicare Annual Wellness Visits (AWVs) are a feasible mechanism to financially support a pharmacist position in physicians' offices. Large, teaching, ambulatory clinic in North Carolina. The Mountain Area Health Education Family Health Center is a family medicine practice that houses a large medical residency program. The ...
Monson Kathleen E - - 2014
To collect and analyze Kentucky pharmacists' opinions of the effectiveness of current methamphetamine precursor controls, to analyze proposed legislation to make pseudoephedrine (PSE) a legend drug, and to analyze the potential impact of such legislation on pharmacy practice and patients. Descriptive, nonexperimental survey study. Kentucky; June through October 2012. 431 ...
Vogler Sabine S WHO Collaborating Centre for Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Policies, Health Economics Department, Gesundheit Österreich GmbH/Österreichisches Bundesinstitut für Gesundheitswesen (GÖG/ÖBIG, Austrian Health Institute), Stubenring 6, 1010 Vienna, Austria(2). Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyse the impact of deregulation in community pharmacy on accessibility of medicines, quality of pharmacy services and costs. We analysed and compared community pharmacy systems in five rather deregulated countries (England, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden) and four rather regulated countries (Austria, Denmark, Finland, Spain). Data were collected by ...
Daher Moustafa M Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, - - 2014
Socio-cultural perspectives including religious and spiritual beliefs affect medicine use and adherence. Increasingly communities that pharmacists serve are diverse and pharmacists need to counsel medicine use issues with ethical and cultural sensitivity as well as pharmaceutical competence. There is very little research in this social aspect of pharmacy practice, and ...
Rutter Paul P Pharmacy Department, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, - - 2014
To explore how community pharmacists use evidence to inform their practice when recommending or selling over-the-counter medicines. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted during February 2013 and analysed using the principles of content analysis. Sixteen pharmacists were interviewed. Pharmacists were aware of evidence-based medicine and practice but relied on personal judgement ...
Abhijit Kumar K 3 Year Postgraduate Student, Department of Pharmacology, MGMC&H , Jaipur, Rajasthan, India - - 2014
Antibiotic resistance is not only a problem for the individual patient; it also reduces the effectiveness of established treatment and has become a major threat to public health by increasing the complexity and cost of treatment and reducing the probability of a successful outcome. A prospective cross sectional study was ...
Chua Ka-Kit KK School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Determine the efficacy and safety of classic Chinese medicine formula Ditan Decoction (, DTD) for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by reviewing the methods and results reported in laboratory and clinical studies in order to suggest strategies for developing more effective drugs for AD. Embase (OVID) and China Journal ...
Stacey Sonya R SR Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia; School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia; Royal Children's Hospital, Children's Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Qld, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore perceptions and attitudes of Australian paediatric pharmacists about advanced pharmacy practice and to identify suitable methods of assessment for this level of practice. Four focus groups (with 31 participants) were held in 2012 with Australian hospital pharmacists who work with children. Written ...
Babar Z U ZU Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical & Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
In New Zealand, the use of generic medicines is advocated by the Pharmaceutical Management Agency of New Zealand (PHARMAC). Among other interventions, PHARMAC uses educational awareness campaigns to educate pharmacists to promote the uptake of generic medicines. However, the opinion of pharmacists regarding these interventions has not yet been evaluated. ...
Hessel Eugene A EA 2nd 1University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
The development and application of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to permit open heart surgery is considered among the most important clinical advances in medicine during the last half of the 20th century. The birth of CPB for cardiac surgery is attributed to its first successful clinical use by John Gibbon Jr, ...
Parviz Babak A - - 2014
A compelling area of use for Google Glass, a new computing and communication platform in the form of a network-connected head-worn system, is in laboratory experimentation and medicine. In the current issue of ACS Nano, Ozcan and colleagues describe how Google Glass can be used to automatically identify the results ...
Bahnassi Anas A From the Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate pharmacists views and practices in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, through conducting direct interviews including direct questions and hypothetical scenarios. A purposeful sample of 150 community pharmacists of different ethnic and educational backgrounds were approached to participate in the study. Semistructured interviews including general ...
Gilmartin Julia F-M JF Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, Vic., - - 2014
Dose administration aids (DAAs) organise medicines that have been repacked according to the day of the week and time of the day in which they must be taken. In Australia, DAAs are commonly prepared by pharmacy staff for residential aged care facility (RACF) medicine administration. Although the limited available literature ...
Greenberg Neil N Neil Greenberg Consulting Services, LLC, 40 Chipping Ridge, Fairport, NY 14450, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
An increasingly important quality objective in laboratory medicine is ensuring the equivalence of test results among different measurement procedures, different laboratories and health care systems, over time. In recent years, interest in sharing a single patient's clinical laboratory data, regardless of where the measurements are performed, has moved out of ...
Moriyama Yoshinori Y Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama - - 2014
  The Division of Emergency Pharmacy was established at the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Okayama University in 2011. Pharmacists employed by the University Hospital have been assigned to serve as clinical faculty; some of them had been sent as members of medical support teams to the 2011 Great East Japan ...
Nakayama Takeo T Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public - - 2014
  Academic detailing, interactive information services by pharmacists for clinicians, has been getting interests in the US and European countries. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials supported the effectiveness of academic detailing. Knowledge of evidence-based medicine and clinical practice guidelines is one of the essential bases for pharmacists to promote ...
Al-Worafi Yaser Mohammed YM College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Saudi - - 2014
Pharmacy practice in Yemen was established in 1875 in Aden. To describe pharmacy practice as it currently exists in Yemen, the challenges the profession faces, and to recommend changes that will improve pharmaceutical care services. This study has two parts. Part 1 comprised a literature search performed between May and ...
Gudiene V V Faculty of Pharmacy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania. - - 2014
The Museum of the History of Lithuanian Medicine and Pharmacy has a prescription book by a pharmacist Teodor. Geldner from Telsiai (the tsarist Russia's Lithuanian Vilnius Governorate), dated 1830. Each medication that was produced at the pharmacy had to be registered in this book. The entries included the composition of ...
Hanna Tamer T The University of Sydney . Sydney, NSW ( Australia - - 2014
To explore the potential for community pharmacist prescribing in terms of usefulness, pharmacists' confidence, and appropriateness, in the context of asthma management. Twenty community pharmacists were recruited using convenience sampling from a group of trained practitioners who had already delivered asthma services. These pharmacists were asked to complete a scenario-based ...
Holsappel Inge G A IG Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80082, 3508 TB, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Background Since January 2012 the Dutch Medicines Act has been changed to enable medication monitoring and counselling for individual patients. Prescribers of medicines are now obliged to record the indication on the prescription of medicines mentioned in this law. Objective To assess patients' opinion about recording of the indication on ...
Sorita Atsushi A Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine-Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York; Division of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2013
Overuse of inpatient stat laboratory orders ("stat" is an abbreviation of the Latin word "statim," meaning immediately, without delay) is a major problem in the modern healthcare system. To understand patterns of stat laboratory ordering practices at our institution and to assess the effectiveness of individual feedback in reducing these ...
Ripley Toni L - - 2013
The increasing prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has prompted leading cardiovascular organizations to advocate utilization of a team approach to patient care that includes nonphysician providers. In spite of that, the American College of Cardiology reported that nonphysician providers are underutilized in the management of patients with CVD. A survey ...
De Vos Paula - - 2013
This essay examines three medieval pharmaceutical treatises purportedly authored by Yūhannā ibn Māsawayh (anglicized to John Mesue) and traces their immense influence on the development of pharmacy in early modem Europe and the Hispanic world. Despite the importance of these works throughout the early modern period, Mesue is relatively unknown ...
Provenza N - - 2013
Personalized medicine is a challenging research area in paediatric treatments. Elaborating new paediatric formulations when no commercial forms are available is a common practice in pharmacy laboratories; among these, oral liquid formulations are the most common. But due to the lack of specialized equipment, frequently studies to assure the efficiency ...
Hodges Joanne - - 2013
Diagnostic cytology is a useful, noninvasive test with practical foundations in high-quality medicine and applications to practice building. Cytology will generate practice revenue whether assessed in-house or sent to a clinical pathologist. Thorough in-house evaluation is adequate in some cases, but expert opinion is important in many cases. Specimen slides ...
Huda Fauzia A - - 2013
To explore the availability and provision of misoprostol and other medicines for menstrual regulation (MR) among pharmacies in Bangladesh. Between March and November 2011, a cross-sectional study using mystery client visits was conducted among pharmacy workers in Dhaka and Gazipur Districts, Bangladesh. Mystery clients were trained to present 1 of ...
Mathurine Germaine - - 2013
South African nuclear medicine imaging departments have been fortunate in being able to receive an uninterrupted supply of molybdenum-99 (Mo)/technetium-99m (Tc) generators. Nuclear medicine radiographers practising in private sector services in the northern Gauteng region indicated a possible problem with the quantities of wasted and unused Tc radiopharmaceuticals returned to ...
Al-Arifi Mohamed N - - 2013
A cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia was conducted over a period of 6 months from July through December 2011. Data collection was carried out using a structured self-administered questionnaire. The survey questionnaire consisted of a brief introduction to the study and eleven questions. The questions consisted ...
Oshikoya Kazeem Adeola KA Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Lagos State University . Lagos ( Nigeria ). - - 2013
The use of herbal medicines is on the increase globally and they are usually supplied in pharmacies as non-prescription medicines. Pharmacists are, therefore, responsible for educating and informing the consumers about rational use of herbal medicines. To evaluate the knowledge of pharmacists in Lagos, Nigeria with regards to the herbal ...
Hussain Azhar A Pharmacy Department. Hamdard Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hamdard University . Islamabad ( Pakistan ). - - 2013
The study aimed to document the state of insomnia management at community pharmacies in Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted at randomly selected 371 pharmacies in three cities of Pakistan. Simulated patient visits were performed to collect information on case management of insomnia in terms of history taking and patient ...
Danno Karine K Laboratoires Boiron, 20, rue de la Liberation, F-69110 Sainte-Foy-les-Lyon, France. - - 2013
Pharmacists play an increasing role in advising on treatment for minor illnesses such as influenza-like illness (ILI) or ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders. However, the profile of patients consulting pharmacists with these illnesses, the types of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines recommended by pharmacists, and the effectiveness of these treatments have ...
Graz Bertrand - - 2013
"Reverse pharmacology", also called "bedside-to-bench" or "field to pharmacy" approach, is a research process starting with documentation of clinical outcome as observed by patients with different therapeutic regimens. The treatment most significantly associated with cure is selected for future studies: first, clinical safety and efficacy; then in vivo and vitro ...
Kaur Kirandeep - - 2013
A medical center's implementation of adult and pediatric parenteral nutrition (PN) algorithms and other strategies for managing PN ingredient shortages are described. In response to nationwide shortages of amino acids and other PN ingredients in 2010, a large Massachusetts teaching hospital undertook a quality-improvement initiative to ensure appropriate patient selection ...
Gilmartin Julia Fiona-Maree - - 2013
Background There is a risk that medicines can be dispensed into dose administration aids (DAAs), inaccurately or unsuitably. Quality improvement interventions (QIIs) may target this pharmacy medicine supply service and reduce the occurrence of these dispensing errors. In turn, medicine administration can improve in nursing homes (NHs) that use these ...
Tomlinson Lindsay - - 2013
The purpose of this paper by the Regulatory Affairs Committee (RAC) of the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) is to review the current regulatory guidances (eg, guidelines) and published recommendations for best practices in veterinary toxicologic clinical pathology, particularly in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, and to utilize ...
Tait Paul Anthony PA Southern Adelaide Palliative Services, Repatriation General Hospital, Adelaide, - - 2013
Timely access to medicines within the community is important for palliative patients where their preferred place of care is the home environment. The objective of this observational study is to establish baseline data to quantify the issue of poor access to medicines for symptom control in the last few days ...
Zarshenas Mohammad Mehdi MM Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran ; Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2013
Over one hundred different pharmaceutical dosage forms have been recorded in literatures of Traditional Persian Medicine among which nasal forms are considerable. This study designed to derive the most often applied nasal dosage forms together with those brief clinical administrations. In the current study remaining pharmaceutical manuscripts of Persia during ...
Knai Cécile - - 2013
Prescriptions for medicines issued by healthcare professionals in other parts of the European Union are legally valid in the UK. However, it is not known whether this is fully understood by British community pharmacists. In this study we aimed to understand the implementation of UK pharmacy policy on dispensing prescriptions ...
Rizo Mike - - 2013
This article summarizes a practicing pharmacist's take on the liability of pharmacists in current pharmacy practice. The author, who feels that compounding pharmacists should be held to the same standards as other healthcare providers in civil litigations, provides a look at what he considers "entrapment" by way of legal double ...
Saengcharoen Woranuch - - 2013
To describe practice behavior and understanding among pharmacy personnel, both pharmacists and non-pharmacist staff, in the management of mild and moderate migraines. Migraine is recognized as a prevalent and chronic neurological disorder. In developing countries, such as Thailand, community pharmacies are a widely used source of health care for various ...
Price Christopher P - - 2013
The purpose of laboratory medicine is to facilitate better decision making in clinical practice and healthcare delivery. Decision making implies an unresolved issue, problem or unmet need. The most important criterion for any investigation to be of value in clinical practice is that it addresses an unmet need. The different ...
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