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- - 2014
This book helps healthcare professionals understand the process of evidence-based practice, but there is an undercurrent that the healthcare professionals it is really aimed at are medical staff.
de Raeve Paul P European Federation of Nurses - - 2014
The EU Sharps Directive on the prevention of sharps injuries in the healthcare sector (see resources ) was incorporated into the national law of all EU member states on May 11 2013.
Haroon Munib M Children's Services, Leicester Partnership Trust, Leicester, - - 2014
Clinical guidelines that are rigorously developed play a fundamental role in improving healthcare and reducing unnecessary variations in practice. National guidelines are increasingly used by healthcare professionals, patients and commissioners; however, national bodies are unable to meet the demand for guidance on all topics. There are fewer resources available for ...
Zec Helena H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD 21218, - - 2014
Personalized medicine - healthcare based on individual genetic variation - has the potential to transform the way healthcare is delivered to patients. The promise of personalized medicine has been predicated on the predictive and diagnostic power of genomic and proteomic biomarkers. Biomarker screening may help improve health outcomes, for example, ...
Dekker Sidney W A SW Safety Science Innovation Lab, Griffith University, HUM, Nathan Campus, Queensland, - - 2014
The 'systems approach' to patient safety in healthcare has recently led to questions about its ethics and practical utility. In this viewpoint, we clarify the systems approach by examining two popular misunderstandings of it: (1) the systematisation and standardisation of practice, which reduces actor autonomy; (2) an approach that seeks ...
Heslehurst Nicola - - 2014
BackgroundThere has been a rapid increase in the publication of guidelines for managing obesity and weight gain during pregnancy over the past five years. Healthcare professionals have identified multiple barriers to this area of practice, including the need to improve their communication skills, beliefs that pregnant women will have negative ...
Austin Tricia M TM T.M. Austin, PT, PhD, ATC, Program in Physical Therapy, Doisy College of Health Sciences, Saint Louis University, 3437 Caroline St, Room 1026, St Louis, MO 63104 - - 2014
Practice guidelines (guidelines) have an increasing role in healthcare delivery and are increasingly published. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) is an approach for guideline development. The GRADE approach has been adopted by multiple national and international organizations producing guidelines related to physical therapist care. The purpose ...
Baird Lynn G LG MIT Center for Biomedical - - 2014
There is broad agreement among healthcare stakeholders that more must be done to assure that patients have timely access to new and innovative medicines. Assuming that industry will continue to develop such medicines at a sustainable rate, regulators and payers become the gatekeepers. Regulators, starting in the late 1980s/early 1990s, ...
Adalja Amesh A AA Amesh A. Adalja, MD, is a Senior Associate, UPMC Center for Health Security , Baltimore, - - 2014
Medicine for Policymakers is a Journal column that provides decision makers with brief explanations of the meaning and implications for biosecurity of clinical issues. The articles describe, for a nonmedical audience, hospital practices, medical challenges, healthcare delivery issues, and other topics of current interest. Readers may submit ideas to the ...
Mercer Danielle D Author Affiliations: PhD Candidate (Ms Mercer), Department of Management, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia; and PhD Candidate, Department of Psychology (Ms Russell), and Associate Professor, Faculty of Business Administration (Dr Arnold), Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, - - 2014
This study examined healthcare managers' perceptions of flexible working arrangements and implementation barriers. Work-life conflict can lead to negative health implications, but flexible working arrangements can help manage this conflict. Little research has examined its implementation in 24/7/365 healthcare organizations or within groups of employees working 9 AM to 5 ...
Shamsi Baghbanan Hamid H School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
There are several disorders that cause hepatic cirrhosis. However, if there is no known cause for cirrhosis, it is called cryptogenic cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is believed to be irreversible in its late stages. In these cases, liver transplantation is the only solution. The study case was a 29-year-old man, admitted to ...
- - 2014
GUIDANCE FOR healthcare professionals on managing the potentially life-threatening effects of this year's predicted heatwave has been released.
Carr Derry - - 2014
Energy and utilities management specialist, Dalkia, boasts over 75 years' experience within the healthcare sector. It has helped more than 100 hospitals throughout the UK to meet carbon reduction strategies and reduce costs. Here Derry Carr, the company's technical manager and group gas manager, explores the viability of on-site biomass ...
Price Christopher P CP Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Value is now becoming a key driver in the ongoing development of healthcare delivery; key facets include the identification of what is valuable and how that value can be identified, leveraged, and delivered. The concept of a value proposition is widely used in business but can be used in healthcare ...
Towns Alan - - 2014
Alongside key elements such as lighting, interior décor, artwork, and good air quality, the quality of furniture in a healthcare setting plays a key role in creating a comfortable, fit-for-purpose, and therapeutic environment for patients, and a good staff working environment. Specifiers of healthcare furniture must, however, balance the need ...
Francer Jeffrey - - 2014
The international pharmaceutical industry has made significant efforts towards ensuring compliant and ethical communication and interaction with physicians and patients. This article presents the current status of the worldwide governance of communication practices by pharmaceutical companies, concentrating on prescription-only medicines. It analyzes legislative, regulatory, and code-based compliance control mechanisms and ...
Mohamed Mohd Salim MS Department of Science and Technology Studies, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, - - 2014
This article presents the Islamic bioethical deliberation on the issue of sex assignment surgery (SAS) for infants with disorders of sex development (DSD) or intersexed as a case study. The main objective of this study is to present a different approach in assessing a biomedical issue within the medium of ...
Balilla Vincent S VS Peninsula Ecosystems and Health Foundation Inc., Penthouse, S&L Building, 1500 Roxas Blvd, Manila, Philippines, - - 2014
The Aeta Magbukún are a genetically and culturally distinct group of Indigenous people living in an isolated mountain forest in the municipality of Mariveles, in the province of Bataan, Philippines. This research aims to document some healthcare related information of the people, inform future decisions regarding maximising benefits of modern ...
Detwiller Maureen M Author Affiliation: Interior Health, Kelowna, BC, - - 2014
Moving a large healthcare organization from an old, nonstandardized clinical information system to a new user-friendly, standards-based system was much more than an upgrade to technology. This project to standardize terminology, optimize key processes, and implement a new clinical information system was a large change initiative over 4 years that ...
Heslehurst N N Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Obesity in pregnancy is rising and is associated with severe health consequences for both the mother and the child. There is an increasing international focus on guidelines to manage the clinical risks of maternal obesity, and for pregnancy weight management. However, passive dissemination of guidelines is not effective and more ...
Alfredo Cesario - - 2014
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are among the most pressing global health problems of the twenty-first century. Their rising incidence and prevalence are linked to severe morbidity and mortality, and they are putting economic and managerial pressure on healthcare systems around the world. Moreover, NCDs are impeding healthy aging by negatively affecting ...
Campbell Paul - - 2014
Paul Campbell, commercial marketing manager at British Gypsum, explains the role of plaster and drylining solutions in creating a healthcare environment conducive to patient recovery.
Genovese Umberto U Laboratorio di Responsabilità Sanitaria Sezione Dipartimentale di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni Università degli Studi di - - 2014
Defensive medicine is a significant force driving the high costs of healthcare systems and has a substantial influence on physicians' behavior because they primarily concern about malpractice liability and not patient's health protection. This attitude disagrees with deontological duties and could impair physicians' ability of judgment and clinical reasoning. Reducing ...
Lee Youngjin Y College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, South - - 2014
This study aimed to develop a job description for healthcare managers of metabolic syndrome management programs using task analysis. Exploratory research was performed by using the Developing a Curriculum method, the Intervention Wheel model, and focus group discussions. Subsequently, we conducted a survey of 215 healthcare workers from 25 community ...
Loh S F SF The O&G Specialist Clinic, #05-06, Thomson Medical Centre, 339 Thomson Road, Singapore 307677. - - 2014
The Academy of Medicine (AMS) and Ministry of Health (MOH) have developed the clinical practice guidelines on Assessment and Management of Infertility at Primary Healthcare Level to provide doctors and patients in Singapore with evidence-based treatment for infertility. This article reproduces the introduction and executive summary (with recommendations from the ...
Ekor Martins M Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast Cape Coast, - - 2014
The use of herbal medicinal products and supplements has increased tremendously over the past three decades with not less than 80% of people worldwide relying on them for some part of primary healthcare. Although therapies involving these agents have shown promising potential with the efficacy of a good number of ...
Seibert Susan S College of Nursing and Health Professions, University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, - - 2014
This study intends to explore the meaning of community of practice within the context of healthcare. Based on Walker and Avant's conceptual analysis method, this study identifies the contextual definitions, critical attributes, antecedents, and consequences of the community of practice phenomena in health care. The findings in articles appearing in ...
Prasad Vinay - - 2014
Abandoning ineffective medical practices and mitigating the risks of untested practices are important for improving patient health and containing healthcare costs. Historically, this process has relied on the evidence base, societal values, cultural tensions, and political sway, but not necessarily in that order. We propose a conceptual framework to guide ...
Nicastri Guy R GR Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery and Family Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown - - 2014
Technological advances over the past 50 years have contributed to change the focus of medicine from a caring, nurturing model to a technological, evidence-based, result-oriented model. Lost in this "Brave New World" of technology is the role of human spirituality. Just how ones' own faith and/or spiritual well-being affects ones' ...
Vellani Karim H - - 2014
Looking behind the statistics on increases in healthcare violence incidents, the author finds that these incidents directly impact a small percentage of employees. However he sees an opportunity for administrators and security professionals to use this heightened awareness to collaborate on comprehensive plans to manage workplace violence, not only to ...
Saad Nathalie N Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit (RECRU), Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montréal, QC, Canada H2X - - 2014
Introduction. COPD is often diagnosed at an advanced stage because symptoms go unrecognized. Furthermore, spirometry is often not done. Methods. Study was conducted in diverse family medicine practice settings. Patients were targeted if respiratory symptoms were present. Patients had a spirometry to confirm the presence of airflow obstruction and COPD ...
Snyder Michael M Stanford University, Department of Genetics, 300 Pasteur Drive, M-344 Stanford, CA 94305-5120, - - 2014
Michael Snyder shares his thoughts on participatory medicine and how omics profiling could fit into this new model of healthcare where patients are at the center of medicine.
Lemke Heinz U HU International Foundation for Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 79790 Küssaberg, - - 2014
At the international EPMA Summit carried out in the EU Parliament (September 2013), the main challenges in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine have been discussed and strategies outlined in order to implement scientific and technological innovation in medicine and healthcare utilising new strategic programmes such as 'Horizon 2020'. The joint ...
Lu Winston I WI Savon Pharmacy, El Paso, TX, USA ; Foundation Hospital, El Paso, TX, - - 2014
Many Americans, not completely satisfied with traditional western medicine, have turned to alternative and complementary medicine which explains the increasing popularity of the herbal products and the Chinese herbal medicine. The lack of government regulations and the increasing advertisements by the manufactures have created an impression to the common public ...
Mosadeghrad Ali Mohammad - - 2014
Despite the potential benefits of total quality management (TQM), many healthcare organisations encountered difficulties in its implementation. The purpose of this paper is to explore the barriers to successful implementation of TQM in healthcare organisations of Iran. This study involved a mixed research design. In-depth interviews were conducted with TQM ...
McIntosh Bryan - - 2014
There has been considerable interest in the implementation of practices imported from manufacturing into healthcare as a solution to rising healthcare spending and disappointing patient safety indicators. One approach that has attracted particular interest is Lean management and the purpose of this paper is to engage with this topic. Secondary ...
Terzic Andre A Center for Regenerative Medicine, Mayo Clinic , Rochester, - - 2013
Abstract Regenerative medicine, a paragon of future healthcare, holds unprecedented potential in extending the reach of treatment modalities for individuals across diseases and lifespan. Emerging regenerative technologies, focused on structural repair and functional restoration, signal a radical transformation in medical and surgical practice. Regenerative medicine is poised to provide innovative ...
Camm Christian F - - 2013
The development of guidelines and their use in all areas of medicine has greatly expanded in recent years. However, despite a shared evidence base, recommendations provided by different professional societies and healthcare authorities often vary considerably. The rapid advances in atrial fibrillation (AF) and the multiplicity of guidelines devoted to ...
Dewar Belinda - - 2013
Compassion in Practice is a policy introduced in England to develop a culture of compassionate practice among healthcare staff. There is widespread recognition and agreement of the importance of compassionate practice, and the policy offers a vision underpinned by a desirable set of values. In this article, the significance of ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2013
Although evidence-based medicine and the Cochrane Collaboration have become key players in modern medicine, it is important to note that evidencebased medicine and the Cochrane Collaboration are confronted with a number of substantial challenges that need to be addressed. The aim of this work is to highlight some of these ...
Redding John J Blue Consulting Services, Chicago, USA. - - 2013
To develop an effective and sustainable clinically integrated network (CIN) that positions a healthcare organization for value-based payment and other effects of healthcare reform, leaders of CIN initiatives should: Embrace progress rather than perfection; Constrain the development timeline by project managing in reverse; Ensure that physician leaders play an oversight ...
Kienle Gunver S GS Institute for Applied Epistemology and Medical Methodology at the University of Witten/Herdecke, - - 2013
Anthroposophic medicine is an integrative multimodal treatment system based on a holistic understanding of man and nature and of disease and treatment. It builds on a concept of four levels of formative forces and on the model of a three-fold human constitution. Anthroposophic medicine is integrated with conventional medicine in ...
Eisenberg Matthew - - 2013
To review the current trends, utilities, impacts and strategy for electronic health records (EHRs) as related to obstetrics and gynecology. Adoption and utilization of EHRs are increasing rapidly but variably, given pressures of financial incentives, policy and technological advancement. Adoption is outpacing published evidence, but there is a growing body ...
Price Christopher P - - 2013
The delivery of healthcare is the product of a complex organization and it is not entirely surprising that innovation is not always considered to deliver on the expectations generated by invention. As policymakers and payers seek to improve the quality and value-for-money of healthcare, more attention is being directed at ...
Davis Lesley L Truvox - - 2013
Flooring is a crucial element in healthcare settings, so choosing the most appropriate materials, and employing the correct cleaning methods, should be high on the list of priorities for all healthcare estate managers, as Lesley Davis, a regional area manager at supplier of industrial and commercial floor cleaning machines, Truvox ...
Sandham John J TBS - - 2013
In an article that first appeared in the August 2013 issue of HEJ's sister magazine, The Clinical Services Journal, John Sandham IEng MIET MIHEEM, discusses the need to put in place effective healthcare technology management policies, and highlights some of the barriers, including lack of management expertise, and insufficient commitment, ...
Mussap Michele - - 2013
The rapid escalation in healthcare costs has lead to the idea to deliver better care at lower costs, reshaping the responsibilities of the healthcare system to achieve the goal of creating value for the patient. The pressure for fiscal containment and the progressive reduction in available healthcare resources originated very ...
Squire Matthew W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to outline the limb alignment goals for knee replacement, current surgical technologies, and evidence-based medicine principles regarding technologically advanced total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Radiologists need an understanding of the pros and cons of technologically advanced TKA. CONCLUSION. At this time, the appropriate role ...
Prenestini Anna - - 2013
Healthcare organizations are often characterized by diffuse power, ambiguous goals, and a plurality of actors. In this complex and pluralistic context, senior healthcare managers are expected to provide strategic direction and lead their organizations toward their goals and performance targets. The present work explores the relationship between senior management team ...
Slayton Val - - 2013
As healthcare delivery continues to evolve at a rapid pace, practices need to consider redesign approaches to stay ahead of the pack. From national policy and private payer initiatives to societal macro trends and the growing use of mobile technologies, delivering value, understanding customer needs, and assessing satisfaction are important ...
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