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Results 401 - 450 of 564
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Mattioli R C - - 1997
A survey of tick spatial and seasonal distribution in traditional managed N'Dama cattle over 1 year old was carried out in The Gambia over 16 months. Presence of Anaplasma marginale and Babesia spp. in the blood smears and their antibodies in the serum of same animals were also examined. Tick ...
Tallis G A - - 1997
Type 2 diabetes is increasing in prevalence and is predominantly managed in general practice. This series contains case histories raising some of the metabolic problems which may be encountered in the management of these patients and indicates some of the many issues, other than glycaemic control, that need to be ...
Tallis G A - - 1997
Type 2 diabetes is increasing in prevalence and is predominantly managed in general practice. This series contains case histories which deal with some of the metabolic problems that may be encountered in the management of these patients and indicates some of the many issues, other than glycaemic control, that need ...
Taylor E - - 1997
Centuries-old concepts concerning the mind's influence on the body are being examined with renewed interest. As awareness of the health benefits of being able to voluntarily control vital aspects of the metabolic state increases, and as our understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms of such control also increases, mind-body medicine ...
Howanitz P J - - 1997
We studied laboratory internal quality control (QC) processes using the College of American Pathologists Q-Probes program. Over 500 institutions participated, providing practices based on approximately 710,000 cholesterol, 880,000 calcium, 400,000 digoxin, and 1,180,000 hemoglobin QC results. The costs of QC included participant median control samples rates comprising 9.1, 9.4, 37.0, ...
Norval R A - - 1997
The effect is reported of artificially controlled levels of infestation with adults of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus on the milk yield of twenty commercial Bos taurus dairy cattle on a high plane of nutrition and eighteen crossbred B.taurus x Sanga cattle on a lower plane of nutrition on the highveld of Zimbabwe. ...
Hoffman P - - 1997
The survivors of PPS will be those organizations that gain knowledge and control of their true costs, learning how to manage them within the constraints imposed by the new payment system. It is difficult to predict the exact details of PPS legislation; however, several principles of PPS appear to be ...
Horosko S S - - 1996
During the early stages of Operation Restore Hope, three U.S. Army preventive-medicine detachments were deployed to Somalia to counter the disease and non-battle injury threat to deployed forces. The activities of these units are discussed, with an emphasis on the entomology detachment. The preventive medicine (PVNTMED) threat facing deployed forces ...
Sazama K - - 1996
Transfusion medicine is most tightly controlled in the US by CGMPs that are written as regulations, guidances, and quality management documents. Because the US regulatory scheme requires that each unit of human blood donated for transfusion (and other purposes) be documented from the moment of donor registration until the last ...
Nesathurai S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of clonidine in the management of gustatory facial sweating (GFS) ipsilateral to an upper thoracic sympathectomy. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled N-of-1 trial. SETTING: Tertiary care referral center. INTERVENTION: Clonidine patch that delivers 0.2mg/d. OUTCOME MEASURE: Daily episodes of GFS are recorded. The severity of GFS is graded ...
Westgard J O - - 1996
Analytical quality is often assumed, rather than being assured or guaranteed. Given that it is still essential that laboratories produce reliable test results, managers must continue to improve their skills in analytical quality management. This paper shows managers how to use error budgets and charts of operating specifications (¿OPSpecs¿ charts) ...
Goodger W J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To use an on-farm recording form to quantity the effect of specific management practices on apparent prevalence of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in dairy cattle herds. DESIGN: Epidemiologic survey. ANIMALS: 26 commercial Wisconsin dairy farms. PROCEDURES: An instrument was developed on the basis of literature review and expert interviews to quantify ...
Tozer R S - - 1996
A newly developed Haematobia spp. trap is described, and results are presented from field trials to reduce populations of adult horn fly, Haematobia irritans L., on 5 dairy farms in western Florida and Alabama during the summer of 1992. We compared fly infestations on milkers subjected to trapping, versus either ...
Mai T V - - 1996
Situated in Southeast Asia, with a tropical monsoon climate, Vietnam is covered by tropical rain forests over one-quarter of its surface. Forests have been extremely important in the country's economy and they will be essential in its future development. Forests contribute directly to the economy through the provision of building ...
O'Reilly B J - - 1996
Epistaxis is common in young adults but the aetiology is unknown in many cases. To investigate the possibility that septal deviations are associated with epistaxis, 54 servicemen with recurrent epistaxis were compared with 46 controls. The epistaxis group were significantly more likely to have a history of nasal trauma (P ...
Catanzaro T E - - 1996
This chapter explores the responsive management requirements critical for effective internal controls. Internal control techniques offered include the application of segregation of function, goal-orientation, performance planning, and training objectives in five veterinary practice areas. These areas are client controls, cash controls, inventory controls, purchase controls, and stock controls. Because only ...
Mustonen, Eija
SPLASH, Newsletter for the SADC Environment and Land Management Sector Vol.12 Nr.1, 3 - 5, 16
Bridge J - - 1996
In small-scale, subsistence agriculture in the tropics and the subtropics, traditional farming practices have evolved that provide a sustainable means of reducing the incidence and damage caused by pests including nematodes. Other newer, cultural and low-input practices can also be successfully introduced in small-scale farming. In sustainable and subsistence farming ...
Fourie L J - - 1996
Karoo paralysis, caused by feeding Ixodes rubicundus females, is a major disease of small stock in South Africa. Control methods currently practised are almost exclusively chemical based. To limit overdependance on chemicals, vegetation management was investigated as a possible method for control, to be incorporated in an integrated tick management ...
Detwiler L A - - 1996
The practice of using livestock as a source of pharmaceutical, biological and medicinal components is growing. Livestock donors may be kept in research-type settings where the majority of variables are controlled. Livestock or livestock by-products may originate from known farms where there is some input into management, or products may ...
Wilton J W - - 1996
Profit was defined as a function of the genotype of animals and variables controlled by management. Alternative parameterizations of management variables were examined to compare the effect of controlling age at slaughter, weight at slaughter, or fat depth at slaughter. The various parameterizations are shown to result in equivalent economic ...
Wilson D J - - 1995
Dairy herds (n = 76) with an initial prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus IMI > or = 10% were included in this study. Criteria were that herds did not change teat dipping or dry cow treatment practices, did not segregate cows that were positive for S. aureus at the initial visit, ...
Jiang Y - - 1995
Water injection was used in the treatment of 56 cases of biliary colic. The method was based on the writings of Zhang Zhongjing about the role of the Qimen point in treating diseases and clinical practice in this respect, water injection being performed at the most sensitive spot in the ...
Summerton A M - - 1995
An examination of the use of desk-top cholesterol analysers was performed within 10 practices in Kirklees, West Yorkshire. The survey entailed a questionnaire survey of the principal users of desk-top cholesterol analysers and the analysis of two laboratory quality control samples. The majority of practices used Boehringer Lipotrend, with frequency ...
Abrams K J - - 1995
The care of the acutely head-injured patient involves rapid evaluation and correction of hypoxia with appropriate airway management and treatment of associated problems. The primary focus is correction of underlying pathophysiology and prevention of secondary brain injury. Anesthetics and muscle relaxants are used to control intracranial dynamics and maintain systemic ...
Bentley E M - - 1995
A questionnaire about cross-infection control was sent to all GDPs in five FHSAs in the North Western Region. Replies came from 312 dentists, a response rate of 74%. They worked in 185 practices, a response rate of 85%. Gloves were worn routinely by 86% of dentists and 80% of DSAs. ...
Patrican L A - - 1995
Desiccant and soap pest control products were tested against Ixodes scapularis nymphs on sod, pachysandra, landscaping stones and pinebark woodchips in a laboratory study. High mortality (91-100%) was obtained with the silica-based desiccant Drione and Safer's insecticidal soap (SIS) treatments except for SIS treated woodchips. SIS and Drione contain 0.2 ...
Kantha S S - - 1995
If Albert Einstein is the acclaimed peerless genius among the physical scientists of this century, who can claim the equivalent title among the biomedical scientists? The research contributions of 24 Nobelists in medicine (contemporaries of Einstein) who received the Nobel prize between 1912 and 1966 were analyzed. When assessed on ...
O'Leary J S - - 1995
The next five to seven years will see a major shake-up in the pharmacy benefits management industry. A highly competitive race is underway between independent, retail pharmacy chain-sponsored and pharmaceutical manufacturer-controlled PBMs to see who will develop and monitor prescription drug efficacy protocols that reduce the total costs associated with ...
Jefferys D B - - 1995
The regulation of medicines throughout Europe has undergone significant change since the first pharmaceutical Directive in 1965. 1995 will bring the next major stage in this evolution with the introduction of the so-called "Future System proposals". These will see the creation of the EMEA (the European Medicines Evaluation Agency), the ...
Shaikh R H - - 1995
The object of the GMP and associated rules is the assurance of the quality of the products for the safety, well being and protection of the patient. In achieving this aim it is impossible to over-emphasise the importance of people, at all levels, in the assurance of the quality of ...
Gable M - - 1994
In this study, we examined the moderating effect of locus of control on the relationship between Machiavellianism and job performance of store managers in a retail setting. Our results indicated a significant moderating effect for managers who perceive that they have an external control orientation but not for managers with ...
Topacio T M TM - - 1994
The authors present a number of animal disease control methods practised in the Philippines which have been handed down from generation to generation. Data were obtained through questionnaires, personal interviews and a literature search. Most of the data collected refer to the Cordillera Autonomous Region. Rituals, incantations and prayers to ...
Watanabe K - - 1994
Each of four common homozygous bovine serum transferrins Tf A, Tf D1, Tf D2, and Tf E gave only two main bands in polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing (PAGIEF). This is considered to be due to the co-migration of the main components 2a and 3a with the main components 2b and ...
Gall M - - 1994
Materiel managers have been in control of most aspects of the supply chain except for the inventories of the end users, which account for 70 percent of the inventory supply dollars. When the Materials Manager at Lexington Clinic in Lexington, Kentucky, was approached by the Clinic's Chief Executive Officer to ...
Bryce J - - 1994
Evaluation is an essential management tool for the improvement of public health programmes or projects. As malaria morbidity and mortality continue to increase in most countries in Africa, international agencies and malaria control programme managers have identified the strengthening of programme evaluation as an important strategy for improving the efficiency ...
Jones K - - 1994
Regulation of medicines in the United Kingdom has changed considerably since the establishment of the Medicines Control Agency in 1989, and other changes will take place throughout the European Community (EC) over the next few years. 1995 will see the introduction of a centralised procedure, applicable to a small number ...
Rutten G E - - 1993
In four general practices the effects of systematic patient education on cough were compared with four control practices. Intended and unintended contacts for cough were defined. In two successive autumn-winter periods, in 62% of 5890 contacts for cough the intervention could be applied. In spite of the better baseline situation ...
Costantini C - - 1993
A new odour-baited entry trap which releases an air stream containing chemical cues collected from a bait, has been used successfully to collect West African mosquito species, most of them important vectors of malaria, such as Anopheles gambiae s.l. and An. funestus. 85% of the yield consisted of live, unfed ...
- - 1993
The Horserace Betting Levy Board formulates codes of practice for the control of contagious equine metritis and other equine bacterial venereal diseases, and equine viral arteritis and equid herpesvirus 1. This year's codes have just been published and the code of practice for EVA, reproduced below, has been substantially amended ...
Long T A - - 1993
Several issues must be considered for implementation in order to decrease inventories and make them more manageable. Physician consensus on products, strict vendor control by the department manager, setting and maintaining low par levels, inventorying stock daily, negotiating just-in-time deliveries, conservation-minded staff, and working in concert with central supply and ...
Maier R C - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: A historic survey of the literature and nine recent examples of uterine packing for control of postpartum hemorrhage are presented. Once a frequently practiced art, intracavitary packing for the control of uterine postpartum bleeding became a lost skill to most physicians after the 1950s. Objections to the practice are ...
Patterson R - - 1993
A major approach to the prevention of anaphylaxis due to exposure to an allergen is avoidance of the allergens. In cases of idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA), the method of management must first be pharmacologic control of the acute episode of IA and then the prevention of recurrent episodes. The appropriate management ...
Wafelman A R - - 1993
Iodine-131 labelled metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]MIBG) has a diagnostic and therapeutic role in the management of neural crest tumours, particularly neuroblastoma, malignant phaeochromocytoma and paraganglioma. With therapeutic amounts of [131I]MIBG it is essential that the amount of free [131I]iodide, the most important impurity, is known. In clinical practice the percentage of free ...
Awofeso N - - 1993
A study of slit skin smear (SSS) examination practices in 6 Nigerian Leprosy Control Programmes was undertaken to assess the quality of smearing, staining and reading. Results indicated that the standard of SSS practices fall below the ideal. There is a great need for training as well as supervision and ...
Liebenberg W H - - 1993
This paper has introduced a child management protocol which incorporates better facial seal of the relative analgesic nosepiece together with rubber dam control which effectively allows the operator to concentrate on the precise delivery of the restorative option. The benefits of immediate treatment must be weighed up against the potential ...
Ferretti R P - - 1993
The transition of persons with mental retardation to less restrictive environments is often hindered by difficulties in managing their own behavior in the absence of external controls. This observation has led to an upsurge of interest in the advantages of teaching self-management skills to persons with mental retardation. This article ...
Joos U - - 1993
In an experimental animal study using rabbits, growth phenomena were simulated which are comparable to craniosynostosis in humans. The radiological and histological findings after surgical management of these artificial craniosynostosis by means of strip ostectomy or radical ostectomy were compared with the findings obtained in control animals. Following strip ostectomy, ...
Lewis A - - 1993
Some hospitals are rushing into continuous quality improvement (CQI) without understanding the pitfalls, one of which is the issue of empowerment. To prevent middle managers from inappropriately reinvolving themselves in the activities of empowered front-line workers, empowerment of employees must be accompanied by a substantial decrease in the number of ...
Mantovani A - - 1993
Giovanni Maria Lancisi (1654-1720) was a physician, archiater of the pope, well-known as an anatomist and epidemiologist, who made an important contribution to veterinary medicine of when rinderpest (cattle plague) affected Europe in the XVIIIth century. His times, his life and career and his main contributions to medicine are described. ...
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