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Landis D A - - 2000
Many agroecosystems are unfavorable environments for natural enemies due to high levels of disturbance. Habitat management, a form of conservation biological control, is an ecologically based approach aimed at favoring natural enemies and enhancing biological control in agricultural systems. The goal of habitat management is to create a suitable ecological ...
Pal JK - - 2000
This paper discusses an electrical control and energy management system (ECEMS) that was installed at Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL) Nagathone Gas Cracker complex located in Maharashtra, India. This distributed control system (DCS) provided computer assisted control in the areas of: Demand control; Automatic generation control, including MW and MVAR ...
McMahon C G - - 1999
Ejaculatory dysfunction is the most common male sexual disorder and premature ejaculation the most common presentation of ejaculatory dysfunction. Convincing data are lacking from controlled clinical studies to support sustainable long term efficacy of psychosexual counselling in the management of premature ejaculation. The pharmacological treatment of premature ejaculation is now ...
Robertson M I - - 1999
The history of the regulatory control of pharmaceutical ingredients is briefly reviewed. The impact of legislation, its interpretation through European and international guidelines and resulting licensing policies are discussed. The important role played by excipients in modern formulations is recognised and some examples are given of the unexpected consequences of ...
Bridges P J - - 1999
Treatment with PGF2alpha plus estradiol-17beta aborts 90-day pregnant ewes, whereas PGF2alpha or estradiol-17beta alone does not abort ewes. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate whether tamoxifen, an estrogen receptor antagonist, estradiol-17beta, prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha), indomethacin, or some of their interactions affected ovine uterine/placental secretion of PGF2alpha, estradiol-17beta or ...
Barrett B - - 1999
The use of herbal medicine is widespread and growing, with as many as 3 in 10 Americans using botanical remedies in a given year. Because many herbal medicines have significant pharmacological activity, and thus potential adverse effects and drug interactions, healthcare professionals must be familiar with this therapeutic modality. This ...
Hanson M - - 1999
Quality improvement in blood collection centers has been a priority of regulatory and accrediting agencies for the past several years. The Food and Drug Administration and the American Association of Blood Banks have developed guidelines for quality assurance activities. Inspection programs have focused on evaluation of processes and how they ...
Kollas C D - - 1999
Many residents lack knowledge about medicolegal issues. To assess the ability of 64 primary care residents to learn legal medicine, we studied the impact of a medicolegal curriculum in a randomized, controlled study. We measured residents' medicolegal knowledge using a novel test, the Legal Medicine Evaluation (LME). We found that ...
Solorio-Rivera J L - - 1999
The effect of management on the seroprevalence of Babesia bovis was studied in 399 Bos indicus cattle 1-2 years old from 92 farms in the eastern Yucatán, México. The management factors studied were: farm-type, production system, herd size, farm size, stocking density, vector control, dipping interval, type of dipping, type ...
Carlson D B - - 1999
During the 1990s, Florida has continued to make important strides in managing salt marshes for both mosquito control and natural resource enhancement. The political mechanism for this progress continues to be interagency cooperation through the Florida Coordinating Council on Mosquito Control and its Subcommittee on Managed Marshes (SOMM). Continuing management ...
Hastings A - - 1999
Marine reserves have been proposed as a remedy for overfishing and declining marine biodiversity, but concern that reserves would inherently reduce yields has impeded their implementation. It was found that management of fisheries through reserves and management through effort control produce identical yields under a reasonable set of simplifying assumptions ...
Hamilton W - - 1999
To investigate whether sending patients a copy of their referral letter can reduce non-attendance at outpatient departments. Blinded randomised controlled trial. 13 general practices in Exeter, Devon. 2078 new consultant referrals from 26 doctors. Non-attendance at outpatient departments. The doctors excluded 117 (5.6%) referrals, and 100 (4.8%) received no appointment. ...
Olshansky B - - 1999
Management of atrial fibrillation is still an individualized proposition, requiring considerable clinical judgment to select the most effective means of controlling cardiac rate and rhythm and preventing thromboembolism and stroke. The advantages and disadvantages of electric shock cardioversion, catheter ablation, and several medicinal and mechanical agents are discussed.
Odell J A - - 1999
The practical management of the patient with a destroyed lung in association with a preexisting empyema, based on considerable experiences, is discussed. Control of infection before proceeding with pneumonectomy by adequate drainage of the empyema and control of tuberculosis and pneumonia, particularly on the opposite side, is stressed. Pneumonectomy is ...
Haynes W L - - 1999
Control of intraocular pressure (IOP) is the goal of trabeculectomy, and pursuit of this goal does not end with the completion of the surgical procedure. Proper postoperative management of the trabeculectomy patient requires an understanding of possible events that alter IOP and knowledge of the treatments to control IOP. Recent ...
Weigel K A - - 1999
Management intensive rotational grazing is a low input form of dairy herd management that is practiced by an increasing number of US dairy producers. However, concerns exist regarding the predictability of progeny performance in a grazing environment because most US dairy sires are progeny tested under conventional conditions of herd ...
Chauve C - - 1998
The current importance of Dermanyssus gallinae, mainly in egg layer, in Europe is pointed out. The limits of conventional control methods are underlined (development of mite resistance--future insecticide legislation and animal welfare legislation). Alternative control methods such as feeding deterrents or biological control, are reviewed in the context of poultry ...
Modell M - - 1998
To investigate the feasibility of improving screening for carriers of haemoglobin disorders in general practice by using a nurse facilitator to work with primary care teams and the relevant haematology laboratories; to identify problems in communication between all those involved in delivering the service, and to implement solutions. Two year, ...
Farquhar C - - 1998
This review article has focussed on identifying the evidence from randomized controlled trials for the medical and surgical management of endometriosis. A critical summary of the medical management has shown that there is little difference in effectiveness of various medical treatments, but there are differences in the side-effect profiles. Few ...
Davies M F - - 1998
The Self-Deceptive Enhancement and Impression Management scales of the Paulhus (1991) Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding were correlated with the Psychoticism, Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Lie scales of the Eysenck EPQ-R (Eysenck & Eysenck, 1991) in a student sample. Extraversion correlated positively and Neuroticism correlated negatively with Self-Deceptive Enhancement, whereas Psychoticism ...
Newman H N - - 1998
The rationale for the adjunctive use of chemical anti-plaque agents depends on many factors in addition to the inherent antimicrobial properties of those agents. What is indicated generally is a basic oral hygiene regimen, as simple as it can be, bearing in mind the practical difficulties of getting people to ...
Keetley D A - - 1998
Dentistry, being a profession, must consider the important concept of quality control. Quality is the icing on the cake. With quality, patients will feel their visit to the practice has been a success. Defining which elements of practice merit assessment might be the starting point if the job is to ...
Melnyk S A - - 1998
The Internet is the fastest growing new information service, but it is still an unknown territory to many production and inventory control (PIC) managers. It should not be, and by reading this article they can get a rough idea what it is, how to use it, why it should be ...
Badertscher D P - - 1998
Traditional PPMCs acquire the assets of a physician practice and provide management services. Physicians pay a management fee for these services and relinquish control over their practice. With a new nonacquisition model PPMC, physicians retain ownership of and control over their practices. In return for a management fee, they receive ...
Seidler-Dobrin R D RD Motor Control Laboratory, Arizona State University, Tempe, - - 1998
Young and elderly subjects performed aiming movements to a visual target with a manipulandum to determine whether the elderly reduce their reliance on visual feedback after extended practice. Reliance on visual feedback was assessed by performance on trials in which the cursor displaying arm movement was unpredictably extinguished. Movements were ...
AliNiazee M T - - 1998
Insect and mite pests cause serious damage to the hazelnut crop worldwide. The control strategies used against these pests include application of insecticides, classical and augmentative biological control, utilization of resistant varieties, and use of Bacillus thuringiensis-based preparations. In the United States, extensive research has been directed toward elucidating ecological ...
Koss-Chioino J D - - 1997
In the last two decades anthropologists have begun to carry out studies in tropical medicine and health scientists have followed with the use of qualitative methods and techniques that represent a more person-centered view of planning control programmes. This paper is an overview of selected works by anthropologists and others ...
Johnson T M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Management of lentigo maligna (LM) and lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) may present problems because of the characteristic, yet unpredictable, subclinical peripheral and periadnexal extension of atypical junctional melanocytic hyperplasia beyond the visible margins. OBJECTIVE: We used paraffin-embedded (permanent) peripheral vertical section margin control in a staged fashion in the ...
Mattioli R C - - 1997
A survey of tick spatial and seasonal distribution in traditional managed N'Dama cattle over 1 year old was carried out in The Gambia over 16 months. Presence of Anaplasma marginale and Babesia spp. in the blood smears and their antibodies in the serum of same animals were also examined. Tick ...
Tallis G A - - 1997
Type 2 diabetes is increasing in prevalence and is predominantly managed in general practice. This series contains case histories raising some of the metabolic problems which may be encountered in the management of these patients and indicates some of the many issues, other than glycaemic control, that need to be ...
Tallis G A - - 1997
Type 2 diabetes is increasing in prevalence and is predominantly managed in general practice. This series contains case histories which deal with some of the metabolic problems that may be encountered in the management of these patients and indicates some of the many issues, other than glycaemic control, that need ...
Taylor E - - 1997
Centuries-old concepts concerning the mind's influence on the body are being examined with renewed interest. As awareness of the health benefits of being able to voluntarily control vital aspects of the metabolic state increases, and as our understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms of such control also increases, mind-body medicine ...
Howanitz P J - - 1997
We studied laboratory internal quality control (QC) processes using the College of American Pathologists Q-Probes program. Over 500 institutions participated, providing practices based on approximately 710,000 cholesterol, 880,000 calcium, 400,000 digoxin, and 1,180,000 hemoglobin QC results. The costs of QC included participant median control samples rates comprising 9.1, 9.4, 37.0, ...
Norval R A - - 1997
The effect is reported of artificially controlled levels of infestation with adults of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus on the milk yield of twenty commercial Bos taurus dairy cattle on a high plane of nutrition and eighteen crossbred B.taurus x Sanga cattle on a lower plane of nutrition on the highveld of Zimbabwe. ...
Hoffman P - - 1997
The survivors of PPS will be those organizations that gain knowledge and control of their true costs, learning how to manage them within the constraints imposed by the new payment system. It is difficult to predict the exact details of PPS legislation; however, several principles of PPS appear to be ...
Horosko S S - - 1996
During the early stages of Operation Restore Hope, three U.S. Army preventive-medicine detachments were deployed to Somalia to counter the disease and non-battle injury threat to deployed forces. The activities of these units are discussed, with an emphasis on the entomology detachment. The preventive medicine (PVNTMED) threat facing deployed forces ...
Sazama K - - 1996
Transfusion medicine is most tightly controlled in the US by CGMPs that are written as regulations, guidances, and quality management documents. Because the US regulatory scheme requires that each unit of human blood donated for transfusion (and other purposes) be documented from the moment of donor registration until the last ...
Nesathurai S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of clonidine in the management of gustatory facial sweating (GFS) ipsilateral to an upper thoracic sympathectomy. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled N-of-1 trial. SETTING: Tertiary care referral center. INTERVENTION: Clonidine patch that delivers 0.2mg/d. OUTCOME MEASURE: Daily episodes of GFS are recorded. The severity of GFS is graded ...
Westgard J O - - 1996
Analytical quality is often assumed, rather than being assured or guaranteed. Given that it is still essential that laboratories produce reliable test results, managers must continue to improve their skills in analytical quality management. This paper shows managers how to use error budgets and charts of operating specifications (¿OPSpecs¿ charts) ...
Goodger W J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To use an on-farm recording form to quantity the effect of specific management practices on apparent prevalence of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in dairy cattle herds. DESIGN: Epidemiologic survey. ANIMALS: 26 commercial Wisconsin dairy farms. PROCEDURES: An instrument was developed on the basis of literature review and expert interviews to quantify ...
Tozer R S - - 1996
A newly developed Haematobia spp. trap is described, and results are presented from field trials to reduce populations of adult horn fly, Haematobia irritans L., on 5 dairy farms in western Florida and Alabama during the summer of 1992. We compared fly infestations on milkers subjected to trapping, versus either ...
Mai T V - - 1996
Situated in Southeast Asia, with a tropical monsoon climate, Vietnam is covered by tropical rain forests over one-quarter of its surface. Forests have been extremely important in the country's economy and they will be essential in its future development. Forests contribute directly to the economy through the provision of building ...
O'Reilly B J - - 1996
Epistaxis is common in young adults but the aetiology is unknown in many cases. To investigate the possibility that septal deviations are associated with epistaxis, 54 servicemen with recurrent epistaxis were compared with 46 controls. The epistaxis group were significantly more likely to have a history of nasal trauma (P ...
Catanzaro T E - - 1996
This chapter explores the responsive management requirements critical for effective internal controls. Internal control techniques offered include the application of segregation of function, goal-orientation, performance planning, and training objectives in five veterinary practice areas. These areas are client controls, cash controls, inventory controls, purchase controls, and stock controls. Because only ...
Mustonen, Eija
SPLASH, Newsletter for the SADC Environment and Land Management Sector Vol.12 Nr.1, 3 - 5, 16
Bridge J - - 1996
In small-scale, subsistence agriculture in the tropics and the subtropics, traditional farming practices have evolved that provide a sustainable means of reducing the incidence and damage caused by pests including nematodes. Other newer, cultural and low-input practices can also be successfully introduced in small-scale farming. In sustainable and subsistence farming ...
Fourie L J - - 1996
Karoo paralysis, caused by feeding Ixodes rubicundus females, is a major disease of small stock in South Africa. Control methods currently practised are almost exclusively chemical based. To limit overdependance on chemicals, vegetation management was investigated as a possible method for control, to be incorporated in an integrated tick management ...
Detwiler L A - - 1996
The practice of using livestock as a source of pharmaceutical, biological and medicinal components is growing. Livestock donors may be kept in research-type settings where the majority of variables are controlled. Livestock or livestock by-products may originate from known farms where there is some input into management, or products may ...
Wilton J W - - 1996
Profit was defined as a function of the genotype of animals and variables controlled by management. Alternative parameterizations of management variables were examined to compare the effect of controlling age at slaughter, weight at slaughter, or fat depth at slaughter. The various parameterizations are shown to result in equivalent economic ...
Wilson D J - - 1995
Dairy herds (n = 76) with an initial prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus IMI > or = 10% were included in this study. Criteria were that herds did not change teat dipping or dry cow treatment practices, did not segregate cows that were positive for S. aureus at the initial visit, ...
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