Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 542
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Weinerman Rivian - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To identify the patient profile of first-time no-shows (FTNS) and to examine which process variables predict FTNS. METHOD: We developed a questionnaire exploring vriables that might impact attendance. Of 779 referrals over 9 months, all FTNS (n = 60) and a sample of randomly selected control subjects (n = ...
Porter Richard - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To introduce clinicians to the methodology and critical appraisal of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in psychiatry. METHOD: The methodology of RCTs in psychiatry is discussed. Using a systematic approach to critical appraisal, a published RCT of treatments for severe depression is examined and evaluated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The RCT ...
Keyyu J D - - 2003
Worm control practices and anthelmintic usage in 177 cattle farms in Iringa district in the southern highlands of Tanzania was determined through a questionnaire survey. A total of 76 traditional, 92 small-scale dairy and 9 large-scale dairy cattle farms were included in the survey. Results indicated that 87.7% traditional, 97.8% ...
Chaffin M Keith - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether foal management practices, environmental management, and preventative health practices are risk factors for development of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in foals. DESIGN: Prospective matched case-control study. ANIMALS: 2,764 foals on 64 equine breeding farms with 9,991 horses. PROCEDURE: During 1997, participating veterinarians completed paired data collection forms ...
Logan Gabriella Berti - - 2003
When Bologna's political and intellectual elites had control over the university and associated institutions during the eighteenth century, a few women were allowed to participate in medical fields not typically associated with their gender. Laura Bassi could occasionally teach and debate on anatomy at the university, and the practical anatomist ...
DeRamus H Alan - - 2003
Fermentation in the rumen of cattle produces methane (CH4). Methane may play a role in global warming scenarios. The linking of grazing management strategies to more efficient beef production while reducing the CH4 emitted by beef cattle is important. The sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer technique was used to determine the ...
Marsalek J - - 2003
Potential impacts of road salting on the environment have increased by the introduction of certain stormwater management practices. Specific impacts are discussed for four such practices, infiltration facilities, oil and grit separators, stormwater ponds and constructed wetlands. The main concerns about the hazards of chloride-laden stormwater discharges include contamination of ...
Um Jae-Young - - 2003
Sasang constitutional medicine is a major branch of Korean traditional oriental medicine. Constitutions of Sasang medicine refer to Taeyangin, Taeumin, Soyangin, and Soumin. The differences of disease severity to be shown in the constitution may be due to genetic factors. Therefore, we examined interrelationship among cerebral infarction, CI, angiotensin converting ...
Culbreath A K - - 2003
Tomato spotted wilt caused by thrips-vectored tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is a very serious problem in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production. TSWV and the thrips Frankliniella fusca and Frankliniella occidentalis, which vector the virus, present a difficult and complicated challenge from the perspectives of both epidemiology and disease management. ...
Fillinger Ulrike - - 2003
We evaluated the efficacy of new water-dispersible granular (WDG) formulations of Bacillus thuringienis var. israelensis (Bti; VectoBac) and B. sphaericus (Bs; VectoLex), Valent BioScience Corp., Illinois, USA) for the control of larval Anopheles gambiae sensu lato Giles mosquitoes in a malaria-endemic area around Lake Victoria, Western Kenya. WDG and powder ...
Garcia Patricia - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of an intervention for pharmacy workers in improving their recognition and management of sexually transmitted disease (STD) syndromes. METHODS: We randomly selected 14 districts (total population nearly 4 million) from the 24 districts of low socioeconomic status in Lima, Peru. We randomly assigned paired districts ...
Kogan Jennifer R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Medical record audits have been used to provide physicians with feedback about their compliance with preventive health and disease management recommendations. PURPOSE: To determine if report cards summarizing medicine residents' preventive health and disease management practices can be used as a feedback tool to improve practice performance. METHODS: Randomized, ...
Gaul S O - - 2002
Economic control of Rhagoletis mendax was achieved by applying insecticidal sprays to commercial lowbush blueberry vegetative fields, in a biennial production system, rather than to the fruiting fields, when the threshold was exceeded. The viability of this integrated pest management of R. mendax for lowbush blueberries was demonstrated over a ...
Watson D W - - 2002
An electric walk-through fly trap was evaluated for the management of the horn fly, Hematobia irritans (L.), on dairy cattle in North Carolina over 2 yr. The trap relies on black lights and electrocution grids to attract and kill flies that are brushed from the cattle passing through. During the ...
Thomas Deborah V - - 2002
Aromatherapy, a branch of herbology, is one of the fastest growing therapies in the world today. Historically, essential oils are best used in the form of massage or bath oils or inhalations. Frequently, it is reported that aromatherapy leaves one feeling uplifted, stimulated, invigorated, or rejuvenated, depending on the oil ...
RICHARD N. CONNER
The effects of Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis) management on nontarget birds is not widely known. Intensive management for pine specialists such as the Red-cockaded Woodpecker may negatively impact both Nearctic-Neotropical and Temperate Zone migrants associated with hardwood vegetation. To evaluate possible positive and negative associations, we surveyed avian communities from ...
Haule K S - - 2002
The sustainability of wildlife resources in Africa is threatened by poaching for trophies and meat as well as changes in land use. In order to motivate local people for sustainable wildlife management, efforts to transfer decision-making power as well as benefits from central to local level have been made in ...
Conover David O - - 2002
Fishery management plans ignore the potential for evolutionary change in harvestable biomass. We subjected populations of an exploited fish (Menidia menidia) to large, small, or random size-selective harvest of adults over four generations. Harvested biomass evolved rapidly in directions counter to the size-dependent force of fishing mortality. Large-harvested populations initially ...
Davis Mark D. P. - - 2002
No treatment is consistently effective in the management of patients with erythromelalgia. There is a dearth of adequate studies examining the response of erythromelalgia to therapy. Most recommendations are suggested based on case reports, small case series, and anecdotal reports. The management of erythromelalgia is difficult and frequently involves a ...
Grant Barbara J - - 2002
Internal controls are the methods and procedures used by any business to prevent or detect errors, safeguard assets (especially cash) from being misappropriated, and encourage staff adherence to prescribed managerial policies. Internal controls in a medical practice differ depending on the size and complexity of the practice. The key, however, ...
Bleakley C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the evidence base of sports medicine research. METHODS: A sample of four major journals that present core research in sport and exercise medicine (British Journal of Sports Medicine, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, and Physical Therapy) was examined ...
Turner-Stokes Lynne - - 2002
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is a powerful neurotoxin which blocks cholinergic transmission at the neuromuscular junction. Judiciously applied, it can reduce local muscle overactivity while maintaining the strength in other muscles. To date BTX has not been licensed for use in spasticity in the UK and the literature pertaining to clinical ...
Gold C S - - 2002
Controlled studies to determine the efficacy of pseudostem trapping in reducing adult populations of the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar), were conducted under farmer conditions in Ntungamo district, Uganda. Twenty-seven farms were stratified on the basis of C. sordidus population density (estimated by mark and recapture methods) and divided among ...
- - 2002
Hydrocephalus affects most people with spina bifida and can impact upon continence management adversely in two main areas. Firstly, increased intracranial pressure can cause a deterioration of continence and mental status, which sometimes can be insidious and at other times dramatic. Secondly, the effect of cognitive deficits secondary to central ...
Branum G D - - 2001
The surgical management of intraepithelial perianal neoplasms is straightforward. The goal is complete locoregional control of the disease. Success is determined at the time of operation by frozen section analysis and reexcision if necessary. Procedures that will interfere with sphincter function should be delayed in favor of alternative treatment with ...
Yulong C - - 2001
A software has been developed on quality control, department economics, information supervise and personal administration. In this article, we discuss the part of quality control, from which we benefit most, on developing ideas, running principle, and application. This network will enable the implementation of total quality control, and possibly total ...
Barling K S - - 2001
A study was conducted with a 1998 retained-ownership population of Texas (USA) beef calves to determine the ranch-management practices associated with calf seroprevalence to Neospora caninum. Management practices of 76 Texas ranches that consigned 760 calves to a retained-ownership feedlot program were reviewed from a mailed questionnaire. Ninety-nine of 760 ...
Pellini T - - 2001
New European Union legislation on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) is being implemented in the United Kingdom, enacted by the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999 and its statutory instruments, the Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000. This legislation incorporates previously unregulated installations in the food ...
Stout W L - - 2001
Substantial amounts of nitrate nitrogen NO3-N can leach from intensively grazed pasture in the northeast U.S. where there is about 30 cm of groundwater recharge, annually. Management options for reducing NO3-N leaching were evaluated for this environment using the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System Model and a recently developed ...
Baker L A - - 2001
Nitrogen remains a ubiquitous pollutant in surface and groundwater throughout the United States, despite 30 years of pollution control efforts. A detailed multicompartment N balance for the Central Arizona-Phoenix ecosystem is used to illustrate how an ecosystem-level approach can be used to develop improved N management strategies. The N balance ...
Zhu K Y - - 2001
Susceptibility of adult populations of the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, to carbaryl was determined by a survey in 1996 before the implementation of an areawide management program near Scandia in north central Kansas. Subsequently, the susceptibility of western corn rootworm adults to carbaryl has been monitored throughout ...
Brown K M - - 2001
During the 1980s, the exponential growth of laughing gull (Larus atricilla) colonies, from 15 to about 7600 nests in 1990, in the Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge and a correlated increase in the bird-strike rate at nearby John F. Kennedy International Airport (New York City) led to a controversy between wildlife ...
Wood L - - 2001
The General Practice Research Database (GPRD) is the world's largest computerized database of anonymized longitudinal patient records from general practice and is a unique public health research tool. Several issues have threatened the viability of the database in recent years; in April 1999 responsibility for its management and financial control ...
Ben Gaudin L L - - 2001
The importance of the role of mucosal inflammation in the pathophysiology of allergic rhinitis is becoming clearer. Only by addressing the underlying inflammation can adequate control of allergic rhinitis be achieved. Appropriate management of allergic rhinitis is necessary to help control the significant morbidity of this disease, which includes reduced ...
Havens K E - - 2001
Aquatic scientists generally recognize that controlled experiments are required to establish cause-effect relationships (e.g., Havens and Aumen, 2000), and understanding ecological processes is key to accurately predicting complex ecosystem responses. However, resource managers may have at their disposal only a limited amount of observational data when faced with management decisions. ...
Lindström L - - 2001
Initially, aposematism, which is an unprofitable trait, e.g. noxiousness conspicuously advertised to predators, appears to be a paradox since conspicuousness should increase predation by naive predators. However, reluctance of predators for eating novel prey (e.g. neophobia) might balance the initial predation caused by inexperienced predators. We tested the novelty effects ...
D'Arcy B - - 2001
This paper introduces the concept of best management practices for the control of diffuse pollution. It considers where they are appropriate, and how the concept of a best management practice approach differs from the conventional means of controlling pollution by regulating each point source, in relation to established environmental quality ...
Temple-Smith, Meredith Jane
Sexually transmissible infections (STIs), one of the major preventable health problems affecting the Australian population, are often asymptomatic and, if undetected, can cause sub-fertility, infertility and chronic morbidity. In addition to these significant and costly consequences, STIs increase the risk of transmission of HIV. Given that 80% of Australian patients ...
Kibuga D - - 2001
This article reviews both the global and Kenyan tuberculosis (TB) situations and gives a manager's perspective of the management of a national TB control program with limited resources. It demonstrates how complex it can be to manage a control program with a 500% increase in case load and a 60% ...
Conn D K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To outline current approaches to diagnosing and managing delirium in the elderly. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature review was based on a MEDLINE search (1966 to 1998). Selected articles were reviewed and used as the basis for discussion of diagnosis and etiology. We planned to include all published randomized ...
Chambers D W - - 2001
Dentists, like most managers, believe that unanticipated team results are evidence of poor performance on the part of employees. While this can be the case, it is much more likely that most variation is inherent in the system and is probably not under the control of staff. The dentist, as ...
von Seidlitz A E - - 2001
Since the matter of water supply and sewage disposal is safeguarded in Germany, public concern would no longer appear to be directed at questions of disposal reliability, but almost exclusively to economic efficiency. The requirements with respect to sewage disposal are dominated not only by growing environmental regulations and technical ...
Renou A - - 2001
Thai cotton growers yearly face serious pest problems consisting of heavy infestation associated with resistance to pesticides leading to expensive and harmful pest control practices. Thanks to a multi discipline research work carried out from 1991 to 1996, a decision-oriented model for cotton crop management was developed and compared to ...
Wilson N J - - 2001
This article traces the development of the patient safety movement in healthcare from 1997 to the present. It reviews the findings and recommendations in the Institute of Medicine report on medical errors, which issued a call to action. Moving beyond the call to action requires aligning incentives, in both public ...
Rose R I - - 2001
Pesticides have a role in public health as part of sustainable integrated mosquito management. Other components of such management include surveillance, source reduction or prevention, biological control, repellents, traps, and pesticide-resistance management. We assess the future use of mosquito control pesticides in view of niche markets, incentives for new product ...
Eiseman B - - 2000
Unique and expanded applications of staged operative management are undergoing careful evaluation in many civilian level I trauma centers under the rubric of damage control surgery. Recently there have been advocates for its broad application to the early management of critically injured combat casualties. However, the enormous logistic requirements for ...
Paterson B - - 2000
The following is a description of the findings of a longitudinal exploratory and descriptive research study of 22 persons nominated as expert self-managers of Type 1 diabetes. It entailed an initial interview about previous experiences with self-management, self-recorded taped diaries about self-management decisions for 1 week each, and face-to-face interviews ...
Arbogast R T - - 2000
Stored-product insects are a perennial problem in retail stores, where they damage and contaminate susceptible merchandise such as food products and animal feed. Historically, pest management in these stores has relied heavily on chemical insecticides, but environmental and health issues have dictated use of safer methods, and these require better ...
Woodcock E - - 2000
The anticipation of economies of scale in physician billing has led many medical practices to consolidate their billing operations. This article analyzes these economies of scale, comparing performance indicators from centralized and decentralized operations. While consolidation provides compliance, control and information, diseconomies of scale can exist in the centralized receivables ...
- - 2000
In 1998, in view of continuing concerns about the availability of medicines, the BVA set up a Medicines Select Committee to review policy in this area and to report on any steps that could be taken to introduce greater flexibility into controls. The committee's report was finalized in September 1999, ...
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