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Results 251 - 300 of 554
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Balasegaram Manica - - 2006
Humanitarian medical programmes in the tropics have the opportunity to provide beacons of good practice. The use of modern drugs and diagnostics, a lack of bureaucracy, adequate budgets, motivated staff and well-functioning supply lines all contribute to the success of this approach. At a joint meeting of the Royal Society ...
Serra Michael J - - 2005
Judgments of learning (JOLs) made during multiple study-test trials underestimate increases in recall performance across those trials, an effect that has been dubbed the underconfidence-with-practice (UWP) effect. In 3 experiments, the authors examined the contribution of retrieval fluency to the UWP effect for immediate and delayed JOLs. The UWP effect ...
Paris Val?rie - - 2005
This paper provides an overview of French pharmaceutical policy between 1980 and 2003, which was dominated by price control and management of the positive list during the 1980s, with new policy instruments being introduced in the 1990s. The development and diffusion of prescription guidelines has been used to promote more ...
Fielding Kelly S - - 2005
Water quality is a key concern in the current global environment, with the need to promote practices that help to protect water quality, such as riparian zone management, being paramount. The present study used the theory of planned behaviour as a framework for understanding how beliefs influence decisions about riparian ...
Korantzopoulos Panagiotis - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice while it has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality. The errors and pitfalls in the management of AF patients are not uncommon. These include errors in detection and management of the underlying conditions that promote and perpetuate ...
Tonner P H - - 2005
An 'ideal' anaesthetic can be approached by using a combination of different compounds. A variety of anaesthetic techniques has been described to ensure safe administration and an early recovery with high patient satisfaction. In particular, the inhalational anaesthetics desflurane and sevoflurane, with their rapid pharmacokinetics, re-established the notion of balanced ...
Mohammed Mohammed A MA Department of Public Health & Epidemiology, University of - - 2005
The Baker report into Dr Harold Shipman's murders recommended monitoring mortality in general practice, but there is currently no practical method available to implement this. To monitor mortality rates in response to the Baker report and to use the data to improve quality of care. Prospective mortality monitoring study. Eastern ...
Kamidi R E - - 2005
Effects of a novel pesticide resistance management strategy on tick control are evaluated in this study. The study is based on a temporal analysis of tick management practices on a smallholding in western Kenya. Results are reported of an innovation to tackle individual resistance in a pair of alternative pesticides ...
Elosua Roberto - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lone atrial fibrillation (LAF) is characterized by the presence of atrial fibrillation in the absence of structural heart disease or other identifiable cause of arrhythmia. In a recent study, we reported sport practice to be more frequent in LAF patients than in the general population. The aim of the ...
Tullai-McGuinness Susan - - 2005
This study examined how the value of autonomy is reflected in home healthcare agencies' practice models and how staff registered nurse (RN) characteristics (education, experience, certification) relate to the RNs' perception of their ability to exercise autonomous practice: control over practice decisions (clinical autonomy) and control over practice setting decisions ...
ENRIQUE ROSALES-ROBLES
2,4-D is the most widely used herbicide for weed control in grain sorghum in northern Tamaulipas, Mexico. Crop injury caused by 2,4-D drift to nontarget crops commonly occurs because of prevailing high winds. Field experiments were conducted from 2001 to 2003 to evaluate an integrated weed management program in grain ...
Bishop Patricia L - - 2005
Quantification of the effects of management programs on water quality is critical to agencies responsible for water resource protection. This research documents reductions in stream water phosphorus (P) loads resulting from agricultural best management practices (BMPs) implemented as part of an effort to control eutrophication of Cannonsville Reservoir, a drinking ...
Park Jongbae - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medicine for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Computerized literature searches for all RCTs of Ayurvedic medicine for RA in the following databases: Medline (March 1969 to March 2003), Embase (February 1985 to February 2003), AMED (March 1980 ...
Gambichler Thilo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Narrowband (NB) UVB phototherapy has been proven to be clearly more effective than broadband UVB and safer and/or more practicable than psoralen-UVA in the management of psoriasis. However, the role of NB UVB seems to be less clear in the management of skin conditions beyond psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: We sought ...
Maluleke Mary H - - 2005
Lepidopterous stem borers seriously affect production of maize, Zea mays L., in sub-Saharan Africa. Intercropping maize with legumes such as lablab, Lablab purpurens (L.), is one of the effective systems to control stem borers. Sole culture maize and maize/lablab intercrop system of different lablab densities were planted at two locations ...
Walton William E - - 2005
Inundation of dried emergent vegetation that has been knocked down using heavy equipment is a vegetation management strategy that provides an inexpensive source of supplemental organic carbon to stimulate denitrification, a process important for nitrate removal in constructed treatment wetlands. The abundance of larval mosquitoes (Culex sp. and Culiseta sp.) ...
Kutejova Eva - - 2005
The Hoxa2 transcription factor acts during development of the second branchial arch. As for most of the developmental processes controlled by Hox proteins, the mechanism by which Hoxa2 regulates the morphology of second branchial arch derivatives is unclear. We show that Six2, another transcription factor, is genetically downstream of Hoxa2. ...
Bribosia E - - 2005
Elder shrubs (Sambucus nigra L.) were planted in an experimental apple orchard as bordering hedgerow with the objective of rearing syrphids (Diptera: Syrphidae) and consequently enhancing the biological control of the rosy apple aphid Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini). The inoculative introduction of the specific elder aphid Aphis sambuci L. (Homoptera: Aphididae) ...
Ushiroyama Takahisa - - 2005
This study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Xiong-gui-tiao-xue-yin (Kyuki-chouketsu-in), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine, in stabilizing postpartum psychological state. We enrolled 268 women who had a normal delivery in Osaka Medical College Hospital or its affiliated clinics and randomly assigned them to the following two groups: a group ...
Satya Kumar Duvvuri Venkata Rama - - 2005
The present paper demonstrates the application of CART (classification and regression trees) to control a mosquito vector (Culex quinquefasciatus) for bancroftian filariasis in India. The database on filariasis and a commercially available software CART (Salford systems Inc. USA) were used in this study. Baseline entomological data related to bancroftian filariasis ...
Wu K M - - 2005
The development of cotton pest management practices in China has followed a pattern seen for many crops that rely heavily on insecticides. Helicoverpa armigera resistance to chemical pesticides resulted in the unprecedented pest densities of the early 1990s. Transgenic cotton that expresses a gene derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis ...
Lapcharoen P - - 2005
The potential larvicidal activity and insect growth regulator (IGR) properties of three selected indigenous medicinal Thai plants were tested against two species of mosquito with special reference to the late 3rd and early 4th instar larvae (L3 and L4, respectively). In case of larvicidal activity, Thevetia peruviana was the most ...
Murty Upadhyayula Suryanarayana - - 2005
Rapid identification of mosquito (vector) species is critical for vector control and disease management. Pictorial keys of mosquito species are currently used for the identification of new mosquito species. However, this approach is not very effective. Here, we describe the use of an ID3 algorithm (part of artificial intelligence) for ...
Leach John Paul - - 2004
Epilepsy is one of the commonest neurological conditions. For historical reasons, this condition is often managed in the UK by non-specialists. Treatment options have increased markedly in the last 15 years, with a resultant increase in the potential for better seizure control and an enhanced quality of life for patients ...
Waller P J - - 2004
Total failure of modern broad spectrum anthelmintics to control nematode parasites of sheep and goats is a reality, of rapidly increasing dimension, on many farms in the tropical / subtropical regions of the world. This is primarily associated with the highly pathogenic, blood sucking parasite, Haemonchus contortus, and where it ...
Agostino Rocco - - 2004
Many studies have addressed practice effects in motor sequences in Parkinson's disease (PD). Most studied short-term practice and showed that treated patients with mild-to-moderate disease achieve normal or slightly abnormal improvement. Less attention has focused on practice effects after prolonged training (days), and the results are inconclusive. Here, we studied ...
Landorf Karl B - - 2004
Clinicians often use foot orthoses to manage the symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Although there has been considerable research evaluating the effectiveness of orthoses for this condition, there is still a lack of scientific evidence that is of suitable quality to fully inform clinical practice. Randomized controlled trials are recognized as ...
Migliore Anna - - 2004
This case report describes occupational therapy intervention for three adult outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at one large urban hospital. The occupational therapy intervention was based on the Management of Dyspnea Guidelines for Practice (Migliore, in press). The learning and practice of controlled breathing were promoted in the ...
- - 2004
The objective of this article to help dental professionals understand the changes in surface asepsis recommendations, to be able to classify environmental surfaces in the practice setting and successfully prevent or manage their contamination, as well as become familiar with the terminology used in discussing environmental surfaces and related infection ...
Segura H R - - 2004
Small farmers' perceptions of coffee Coffea arabica L. herbivores and their natural enemies, how those perceptions relate to field infestation levels, and pest management practices being implemented by members from two organic and nonorganic coffee grower organizations in the Soconusco region, southeastern Mexico, were analyzed through an interview survey, diagnostic ...
Espino Fe - - 2004
This is a study on the management of the decentralized malaria control programme in Maharlika, Lipunan, a municipality in rural Philippines. The theoretical assumption is that the malaria control programme must be viewed as a system and that success of reform in malaria control depends upon the understanding of management ...
Vargas Roger I - - 2004
Ivy gourd, Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt, patches throughout Kailua-Kona, Hawaii Island, HI, were identified as persistent sources of melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett). These patches had a low incidence of Psyttalia fletcheri (Silvestri), its major braconid parasitoid natural enemy in Hawaii, and were used to evaluate augmentative releases of P. ...
Siegfried Blair D - - 2004
Areawide pest management involves the uniform application of a pest control strategy over wide geographic areas. Therefore, these programs are likely to impose intense selective pressures, and the risk for resistance development among pest species for which areawide management programs are implemented is likely to be high. Pilot studies for ...
Doerr Michael D - - 2004
Bioassays of Lacanobia subjuncta (Grote and Robinson) larvae established baseline LC50 values and identified the potential of reduced-risk, organophosphate replacement and naturally derived insecticides (eg chloronicotinyls, spinosyns, oxadiazines, insect growth regulators, microbial insecticides and particle films) to control this pest. The toxicities of these products were compared with those of ...
Levin Roger - - 2004
By establishing clear inventory ordering targets and following the guidelines outlined in this column, the staff member handling the process will understand the high and low levels of inventory control and be able to maintain an accurate system. Inventory control represents approximately 6 to 8 percent of practice purchasing. The ...
Naugle Alecia Larew - - 2004
The purpose of our mail survey was to compare the adoption of management practices recommended for Johne's disease (JD) control between herds involved in whole-herd testing programs versus those that do not routinely test the entire herd for JD. A questionnaire consisted of 38 closed-ended questions that inquired about: general ...
Brown Christian T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To define the components of a self-management programme of lifestyle and behavioural interventions for symptom control in men with uncomplicated LUTS. The use of lifestyle and behavioural interventions for symptom control in men with uncomplicated LUTS is widespread in the UK, however the effectiveness of these interventions has never ...
Bloom Bernard S - - 2004
A retrospective cohort control study of three populations, 65 years of age or older, at the same institution estimated the incremental cost of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The AD population of the ambulatory Alzheimer's Disease Center (ADC) (n = 640) was matched by age, gender, ethnicity, and address to one with ...
Whitehouse Paul - - 2004
Legislation designed to regulate effluent discharges is expressed in terms of minimising the risk of harm of that discharge to the environment. Practical implementation is usually based on the control and measurement of a limited number of individual chemicals. However, this is not always effective because of the complex nature ...
West Sophie D - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malignant pleural effusions are common, and pleurodesis remains the best method to control re-accumulation of the pleural fluid. There are few randomized controlled trials studying the optimal management of malignant pleural effusions. A recent international survey of pleurodesis practice has highlighted variations in how pleurodesis is performed ...
Larsen Søren U - - 2004
Management of turfgrass on football pitches without pesticides involves a considerable challenge for weed control. By improving conditions for grass growth by cultural practices, weeds may be repressed by stronger competition from the grass. A 3-year field trial on 37 football pitches investigated the effects of various cultural management practices ...
Levin Roger - - 2004
As dentistry continues to evolve, the best management systems of the business world need to be incorporated into each practice. As always, my goal in these columns is to bring and modify the best business principles available to readers of The Journal of the American Dental Association. Just in Time ...
Naqvi Shamoona - - 2004
Severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a serious obstetrical emergency. Two cases of severe PPH due to uterine atony are described which were managed by uterine packing with sterile ribbon gauze by vaginal route under general anesthesia. Along with supportive measures, it resulted in marked improvement in controlling haemorrhage and infectious ...
Walters Michele - - 2004
BACKGROUND: While fire has been used in some instances to control the increase of woody plants, it has also been reported that fire may cause an increase in certain fire-tolerant Acacia tree species. This study investigated germination of Acacia karroo, A. luederitzii and Dichrostachys cinerea, thought to be increasing in ...
Lester Grant - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Querulous paranoia may have disappeared from the psychiatric literature, but is it flourishing in modern complaints organisations and the courts? AIMS: To investigate the unusually persistent complainants who lay waste to their own lives and place inordinate demands and stress on complaints organisations. METHOD: Complaints officers completed questionnaires on ...
Kain David P - - 2004
Surveys were conducted in the major apple growing regions of New York state to determine the incidence of borers infesting burrknots on clonal apple rootstocks. Dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris), was generally prevalent throughout the state, but American plum borer, Euzophera semifuneralis (Walker), was limited to western New York apple ...
Rondon Silvia I - - 2004
The rotation of maize, Zea mays L., and soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., has been the traditional cultural tactic to manage the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, in the Corn Belt. The reduced effectiveness of this rotation as a pest management tool in east central Illinois, northern Indiana, ...
Lanktree M B - - 2004
PedSplit facilitates pedigree management for gene-gene interaction and sex specific tests for increased homogeneity within subgroups. PedSplit also provides a simple approach for calculating haplotype relative risk and generating internal 'controls'. Executables, C++ source code and documentation for PedSplit can be downloaded from http://www.pharmacogenetics.ca in the links and software section.
Pei Likun - - 2004
Health sector reform in China has led to increasing responsibility for hospital managers in the management of staff; but constraints continue. New personnel reforms offer new opportunities but face a number of difficulties. Drawing on research in Chinese hospitals in 1997 this paper identifies two major obstacles to improved human ...
Poulin Yves - - 2004
Acne is a disease of the pilosebaceous units and these are mainly under hormonal control. In female patients, hormonal therapy is a unique opportunity for the treatment of acne. Several combined oral contraceptives (COCs), cyproterone acetate, spironolactone, flutamide, and others, have been tried for the control of acne. An overview ...
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