Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 542
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Park Jongbae - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medicine for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Computerized literature searches for all RCTs of Ayurvedic medicine for RA in the following databases: Medline (March 1969 to March 2003), Embase (February 1985 to February 2003), AMED (March 1980 ...
Gambichler Thilo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Narrowband (NB) UVB phototherapy has been proven to be clearly more effective than broadband UVB and safer and/or more practicable than psoralen-UVA in the management of psoriasis. However, the role of NB UVB seems to be less clear in the management of skin conditions beyond psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: We sought ...
Maluleke Mary H - - 2005
Lepidopterous stem borers seriously affect production of maize, Zea mays L., in sub-Saharan Africa. Intercropping maize with legumes such as lablab, Lablab purpurens (L.), is one of the effective systems to control stem borers. Sole culture maize and maize/lablab intercrop system of different lablab densities were planted at two locations ...
Walton William E - - 2005
Inundation of dried emergent vegetation that has been knocked down using heavy equipment is a vegetation management strategy that provides an inexpensive source of supplemental organic carbon to stimulate denitrification, a process important for nitrate removal in constructed treatment wetlands. The abundance of larval mosquitoes (Culex sp. and Culiseta sp.) ...
Kutejova Eva - - 2005
The Hoxa2 transcription factor acts during development of the second branchial arch. As for most of the developmental processes controlled by Hox proteins, the mechanism by which Hoxa2 regulates the morphology of second branchial arch derivatives is unclear. We show that Six2, another transcription factor, is genetically downstream of Hoxa2. ...
Bribosia E - - 2005
Elder shrubs (Sambucus nigra L.) were planted in an experimental apple orchard as bordering hedgerow with the objective of rearing syrphids (Diptera: Syrphidae) and consequently enhancing the biological control of the rosy apple aphid Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini). The inoculative introduction of the specific elder aphid Aphis sambuci L. (Homoptera: Aphididae) ...
Ushiroyama Takahisa - - 2005
This study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Xiong-gui-tiao-xue-yin (Kyuki-chouketsu-in), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine, in stabilizing postpartum psychological state. We enrolled 268 women who had a normal delivery in Osaka Medical College Hospital or its affiliated clinics and randomly assigned them to the following two groups: a group ...
Satya Kumar Duvvuri Venkata Rama - - 2005
The present paper demonstrates the application of CART (classification and regression trees) to control a mosquito vector (Culex quinquefasciatus) for bancroftian filariasis in India. The database on filariasis and a commercially available software CART (Salford systems Inc. USA) were used in this study. Baseline entomological data related to bancroftian filariasis ...
Wu K M - - 2005
The development of cotton pest management practices in China has followed a pattern seen for many crops that rely heavily on insecticides. Helicoverpa armigera resistance to chemical pesticides resulted in the unprecedented pest densities of the early 1990s. Transgenic cotton that expresses a gene derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis ...
Lapcharoen P - - 2005
The potential larvicidal activity and insect growth regulator (IGR) properties of three selected indigenous medicinal Thai plants were tested against two species of mosquito with special reference to the late 3rd and early 4th instar larvae (L3 and L4, respectively). In case of larvicidal activity, Thevetia peruviana was the most ...
Murty Upadhyayula Suryanarayana - - 2005
Rapid identification of mosquito (vector) species is critical for vector control and disease management. Pictorial keys of mosquito species are currently used for the identification of new mosquito species. However, this approach is not very effective. Here, we describe the use of an ID3 algorithm (part of artificial intelligence) for ...
Leach John Paul - - 2004
Epilepsy is one of the commonest neurological conditions. For historical reasons, this condition is often managed in the UK by non-specialists. Treatment options have increased markedly in the last 15 years, with a resultant increase in the potential for better seizure control and an enhanced quality of life for patients ...
Waller P J - - 2004
Total failure of modern broad spectrum anthelmintics to control nematode parasites of sheep and goats is a reality, of rapidly increasing dimension, on many farms in the tropical / subtropical regions of the world. This is primarily associated with the highly pathogenic, blood sucking parasite, Haemonchus contortus, and where it ...
Agostino Rocco - - 2004
Many studies have addressed practice effects in motor sequences in Parkinson's disease (PD). Most studied short-term practice and showed that treated patients with mild-to-moderate disease achieve normal or slightly abnormal improvement. Less attention has focused on practice effects after prolonged training (days), and the results are inconclusive. Here, we studied ...
Landorf Karl B - - 2004
Clinicians often use foot orthoses to manage the symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Although there has been considerable research evaluating the effectiveness of orthoses for this condition, there is still a lack of scientific evidence that is of suitable quality to fully inform clinical practice. Randomized controlled trials are recognized as ...
Migliore Anna - - 2004
This case report describes occupational therapy intervention for three adult outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at one large urban hospital. The occupational therapy intervention was based on the Management of Dyspnea Guidelines for Practice (Migliore, in press). The learning and practice of controlled breathing were promoted in the ...
- - 2004
The objective of this article to help dental professionals understand the changes in surface asepsis recommendations, to be able to classify environmental surfaces in the practice setting and successfully prevent or manage their contamination, as well as become familiar with the terminology used in discussing environmental surfaces and related infection ...
Segura H R - - 2004
Small farmers' perceptions of coffee Coffea arabica L. herbivores and their natural enemies, how those perceptions relate to field infestation levels, and pest management practices being implemented by members from two organic and nonorganic coffee grower organizations in the Soconusco region, southeastern Mexico, were analyzed through an interview survey, diagnostic ...
Espino Fe - - 2004
This is a study on the management of the decentralized malaria control programme in Maharlika, Lipunan, a municipality in rural Philippines. The theoretical assumption is that the malaria control programme must be viewed as a system and that success of reform in malaria control depends upon the understanding of management ...
Vargas Roger I - - 2004
Ivy gourd, Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt, patches throughout Kailua-Kona, Hawaii Island, HI, were identified as persistent sources of melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett). These patches had a low incidence of Psyttalia fletcheri (Silvestri), its major braconid parasitoid natural enemy in Hawaii, and were used to evaluate augmentative releases of P. ...
Siegfried Blair D - - 2004
Areawide pest management involves the uniform application of a pest control strategy over wide geographic areas. Therefore, these programs are likely to impose intense selective pressures, and the risk for resistance development among pest species for which areawide management programs are implemented is likely to be high. Pilot studies for ...
Doerr Michael D - - 2004
Bioassays of Lacanobia subjuncta (Grote and Robinson) larvae established baseline LC50 values and identified the potential of reduced-risk, organophosphate replacement and naturally derived insecticides (eg chloronicotinyls, spinosyns, oxadiazines, insect growth regulators, microbial insecticides and particle films) to control this pest. The toxicities of these products were compared with those of ...
Levin Roger - - 2004
By establishing clear inventory ordering targets and following the guidelines outlined in this column, the staff member handling the process will understand the high and low levels of inventory control and be able to maintain an accurate system. Inventory control represents approximately 6 to 8 percent of practice purchasing. The ...
Naugle Alecia Larew - - 2004
The purpose of our mail survey was to compare the adoption of management practices recommended for Johne's disease (JD) control between herds involved in whole-herd testing programs versus those that do not routinely test the entire herd for JD. A questionnaire consisted of 38 closed-ended questions that inquired about: general ...
Brown Christian T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To define the components of a self-management programme of lifestyle and behavioural interventions for symptom control in men with uncomplicated LUTS. The use of lifestyle and behavioural interventions for symptom control in men with uncomplicated LUTS is widespread in the UK, however the effectiveness of these interventions has never ...
Bloom Bernard S - - 2004
A retrospective cohort control study of three populations, 65 years of age or older, at the same institution estimated the incremental cost of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The AD population of the ambulatory Alzheimer's Disease Center (ADC) (n = 640) was matched by age, gender, ethnicity, and address to one with ...
Whitehouse Paul - - 2004
Legislation designed to regulate effluent discharges is expressed in terms of minimising the risk of harm of that discharge to the environment. Practical implementation is usually based on the control and measurement of a limited number of individual chemicals. However, this is not always effective because of the complex nature ...
West Sophie D - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malignant pleural effusions are common, and pleurodesis remains the best method to control re-accumulation of the pleural fluid. There are few randomized controlled trials studying the optimal management of malignant pleural effusions. A recent international survey of pleurodesis practice has highlighted variations in how pleurodesis is performed ...
Larsen Søren U - - 2004
Management of turfgrass on football pitches without pesticides involves a considerable challenge for weed control. By improving conditions for grass growth by cultural practices, weeds may be repressed by stronger competition from the grass. A 3-year field trial on 37 football pitches investigated the effects of various cultural management practices ...
Levin Roger - - 2004
As dentistry continues to evolve, the best management systems of the business world need to be incorporated into each practice. As always, my goal in these columns is to bring and modify the best business principles available to readers of The Journal of the American Dental Association. Just in Time ...
Naqvi Shamoona - - 2004
Severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a serious obstetrical emergency. Two cases of severe PPH due to uterine atony are described which were managed by uterine packing with sterile ribbon gauze by vaginal route under general anesthesia. Along with supportive measures, it resulted in marked improvement in controlling haemorrhage and infectious ...
Walters Michele - - 2004
BACKGROUND: While fire has been used in some instances to control the increase of woody plants, it has also been reported that fire may cause an increase in certain fire-tolerant Acacia tree species. This study investigated germination of Acacia karroo, A. luederitzii and Dichrostachys cinerea, thought to be increasing in ...
Lester Grant - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Querulous paranoia may have disappeared from the psychiatric literature, but is it flourishing in modern complaints organisations and the courts? AIMS: To investigate the unusually persistent complainants who lay waste to their own lives and place inordinate demands and stress on complaints organisations. METHOD: Complaints officers completed questionnaires on ...
Kain David P - - 2004
Surveys were conducted in the major apple growing regions of New York state to determine the incidence of borers infesting burrknots on clonal apple rootstocks. Dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris), was generally prevalent throughout the state, but American plum borer, Euzophera semifuneralis (Walker), was limited to western New York apple ...
Rondon Silvia I - - 2004
The rotation of maize, Zea mays L., and soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., has been the traditional cultural tactic to manage the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, in the Corn Belt. The reduced effectiveness of this rotation as a pest management tool in east central Illinois, northern Indiana, ...
Lanktree M B - - 2004
PedSplit facilitates pedigree management for gene-gene interaction and sex specific tests for increased homogeneity within subgroups. PedSplit also provides a simple approach for calculating haplotype relative risk and generating internal 'controls'. Executables, C++ source code and documentation for PedSplit can be downloaded from http://www.pharmacogenetics.ca in the links and software section.
Pei Likun - - 2004
Health sector reform in China has led to increasing responsibility for hospital managers in the management of staff; but constraints continue. New personnel reforms offer new opportunities but face a number of difficulties. Drawing on research in Chinese hospitals in 1997 this paper identifies two major obstacles to improved human ...
Poulin Yves - - 2004
Acne is a disease of the pilosebaceous units and these are mainly under hormonal control. In female patients, hormonal therapy is a unique opportunity for the treatment of acne. Several combined oral contraceptives (COCs), cyproterone acetate, spironolactone, flutamide, and others, have been tried for the control of acne. An overview ...
Sakamoto Noriyasu - - 2004
Synthesis of analogues of two compounds with known insecticidal activity, both of which contain a 3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy group, produced 2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-phenoxyphenyl 3,3-dichloro-2-propenyl ether, which had weak activity against lepidopterous larvae. Structural modifications around this lead compound led to the development of pyridalyl [Pleo, S-1812; 2,6-dichloro-4-(3,3-dichloroallyloxy)phenyl 3-[5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyloxy]propyl ether], which belongs to a new ...
Lilenbaum W - - 2003
Serum samples from 379 adult cows with lowered fertility farmed in the Rio de Janeiro region of Brazil. They were examined for Leptospira antibodies. A questionnaire was completed for each herd. Antibodies were detected in 46.9% of these cows, mainly to serovar hardjo. Main risk factor associated with seropositivity was ...
Kowey Peter R - - 2003
Management of Atrial Fibrillation. There are three fundamental approaches to the management of atrial fibrillation (AF): rate control, rhythm control, and anticoagulation. Selecting a course of treatment requires a thorough knowledge of these therapeutic alternatives. This article explores treatment options, including the relative benefits of rate control versus rhythm control, ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2003
Vasopressin is currently recommended in the management of patients with cardiac arrest, but its efficacy is still incompletely established. We systematically reviewed randomized trials comparing vasopressin to control treatment in the management of cardiac arrest in humans and animals. Two human and 33 animal studies were retrieved. At pooled analysis ...
Pouratian Nader - - 2003
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a lingering cause of significant mortality and morbidity rates in contemporary society. Despite its established burden, considerably less investigative attention has been devoted to the study of ICH than other forms of stroke. Only a limited number of clinical studies have been performed to examine the ...
Robinson Cathy J - - 2003
Government agencies responsible for pest animal management often assume that their views and assumptions about the benefits of control are widely shared, especially if these pests are exotics. This was certainly the case when tens of thousands of feral Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) were to be culled in Australia's ...
Ondra Stephen L - - 2003
Management and avoidance of lumbar pseudarthrosis are among the most common and challenging tasks faced by reconstructive spine surgeons. The risks of pseudarthrosis can be broadly divided into two categories: those within a surgeon's control and those not within his/her control. These include biological factors, graft choices, site preparation, and ...
Qiu Zeyuan - - 2003
Conservation buffers have the potential to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution and improve terrestrial wildlife habitat, landscape biodiversity, flood control, recreation, and aesthetics. Conservation buffers, streamside areas and riparian wetlands are being used or have been proposed to control agricultural nonpoint source pollution. This paper proposes an innovative strategy for ...
Salam Amar M - - 2003
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice that affects cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and generates significant healthcare costs. There are two approaches for the management of atrial fibrillation: rate control and rhythm control. Rate-control strategy involves using rate-controlling agents such as beta-blockers, calcium channel ...
Bellver José - - 2003
Ovarian mutilating surgery is not an option in the management of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), except in cases with evident tissue necrosis after torsion. When severe OHSS occurs, preservation of fertility must be the target. Therefore, conservative management should be the only feasible approach, as recommended in literature worldwide. Individualization ...
Gong Fan - - 2003
At present, the construction of chromatographic fingerprints plays an important role in the quality control of complex herbal medicines. In this work, information theory was applied to obtain chromatographic fingerprints with good performance. Moreover, according to the characteristics of the chromatographic fingerprints obtained, some modifications of the calculation of the ...
SCOTT G. SOMERSHOE
The Swainson's Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii) is a locally distributed and relatively uncommon Neotropical migrant songbird that breeds in the bottomland forests of the southeastern United States and spends the nonbreeding season in the Caribbean Basin. Populations of Swainson's Warblers have declined during recent decades as bottomland forests have come under ...
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