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Results 201 - 250 of 554
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Liu Yun-Guo - - 2008
In vitro-grown apple shoot tips were successfully cryopreserved by vitrification, with an average survival and shoot formation of 80 percent and 76 percent respectively. Surviving shoots showed the same rate and regrowth patterns as those of non-treated controls. No significant differences (P < 0.05) were observed in morphological characteristics, including ...
Silverman Jules - - 2008
The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, has invaded urban, agricultural, and natural habitats worldwide, causing economic damage and disrupting ecosystem processes. Introduced populations of L. humile and those of many other invasive ants tend to be unicolonial, forming expansive, multiqueened supercolonies that dominate native ant communities and challenge control practices in ...
Huesch Marco D - - 2008
Streakiness in performance is a well-known phenomenon. The theoretical adverse effect of such runs of outcomes on standard statistical process control tools is widely known--resulting in an increased rate of "false alarms." Should healthcare managers view this effect as an important practical concern for quality management? This article investigates cardiac ...
Ferrer Miquel - - 2008
Continuous control of tracheal tube cuff inflation using a pneumatic device resulted in severe tracheal wall damage in ventilated piglets. This damage was similar in piglets managed with manual control of cuff inflation. The periodic hyperinflation of the tube cuff used in both groups of this study may explain these ...
Malthouse M - - 2007
Where modern medicine has been criticised for having lost sight of the individual on account of its biomedical focus, the profile of narrative in medicine has gained prominence. Within any medical encounter it is possible to identify the existence of several narratives. The aim of this article is to demonstrate ...
Vilar M J - - 2007
This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of Listeria spp. in bulk-tank milk on dairy farms in the region of Galicia in northwest Spain. The aim was to identify management practices associated with the presence of Listeria spp. and possible effects on milk hygienic quality. A total of 98 farms was ...
Calixto Alejandro A - - 2007
A pilot study was conducted to investigate the impact of Solenopsis invicta management with an insect growth regulator bait (s-methoprene) on native ant species and to determine the responses of these species to S. invicta reduction. This invasive species alters the diversity and structure of different trophic levels of arthropod ...
Cox T M - - 2007
Fishers, scientists, and resource managers have made substantial progress in reducing bycatch of sea turtles, seabirds, and marine mammals through physical modifications to fishing gear. Many bycatch-avoidance measures have been developed and tested successfully in controlled experiments, which have led to regulated implementation of modified or new fishing gear. Nevertheless, ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Eszopiclone is a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic for the treatment of insomnia and classified as schedule IV controlled substance. Limited information exists on eszopiclone ingestions reported to poison control centers. The distribution of eszopiclone ingestions reported to Texas poison control centers during 2005-2006 was determined for various factors. In addition, triage guidelines ...
French B Wade - - 2007
Diabrotica barberi Smith & Lawrence and Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) are serious pests of maize, Zea mays L. To reduce the amount of toxicants released into the environment, the Agricultural Research Service implemented a 5-yr (1997-2001) areawide pest management program in five geographic locations, including one in South ...
Rees Jonathan L - - 2007
Clinicians are growing inured to the fact that rarely do the results of a single randomized controlled trial (RCT) decisively change clinical practice. Nor should they. In a new RCT, Kirke and colleagues have compared the therapeutic effects of different types of UVB radiation on clearance of psoriasis. Their study ...
Jackson A J - - 2007
Clopidogrel is commonly encountered in patients presenting for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Its use around this time is controversial and there is no randomized control trial data to determine best practice. Questionnaires were posted to all members of the Vascular Society investigating clopidogrel use at the time of CEA. 52% discontinue ...
Higdon H Lee HL - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of incubator management on assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. DESIGN: Series of retrospective and controlled, randomized studies. SETTING: Tertiary care infertility practice. PATIENT(S): Mammalian gametes/embryos. INTERVENTION(S): Evaluation of human and bovine oocytes/embryos cultured in various environmental conditions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fertilization and embryo development rate ...
Mukherjee Pulok K - - 2007
The Indian system of medicine (ISM) consists of several major components such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and homeopathy. All these components provide the major healthcare for a large part of the population in India and have been flourishing in this country for many centuries. Medicinal plants constitute a major part ...
Carlo Arlene - - 2007
Questions often arise regarding safe practices relevant to sterilization containers-from cleaning these holding devices to the maximum weight for containerized instrument sets to shelf life and sterility maintenance. Following nationally established, recommended practices can help ensure optimal container effectiveness, infection control and patient safety. This month's column addresses these subjects ...
Camelo Leonardo de A Lde - - 2007
A chemical lure derived from flowers that are visited by moths attracts male and female alfalfa loopers, Autographa californica (Speyer) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). This feeding attractant is dispensed from polypropylene bottles that provide controlled release for several weeks. A killing station was tested in the laboratory, in a screenhouse, and in ...
Thomas Matthew B - - 2007
Classical biological control (the introduction of exotic natural enemies) is often advocated as a tool for managing invasive species. Here, we review the effectiveness of biocontrol and explore the factors that determine whether it is an appropriate response to the invasive species problem. Although there have been some successes, biocontrol ...
Gilles J - - 2007
The main objective of this study was to compare the trapping efficiency of two Alsynite sticky traps (modified Williams and modified Broce) and two phtalogen blue cloth traps (Vavoua and Nzi) to be used in an integrated control programme of Stomoxys spp. (Diptera: Muscidae) on Reunion Island. Mean daily catches ...
Randler Christoph - - 2007
Footedness in birds has been reported, e.g., in parrots and chickens, but the direction of footedness remained unclear. Is a bird left-footed because it uses its left foot for holding and handling food, or is it right-footed because it uses the right foot for stabilisation and balancing while perching? In ...
Francisco Gerard E - - 2007
Botulinum toxins (BTX) have revolutionised the management of focal post-stroke spastic hypertonia. Published literature has supported the efficacy and safety of BTX in reducing spastic hypertonia but has not convincingly demonstrated the ability to enhance function. While clinicians and stroke survivors have reported impressive clinical outcomes, randomised, controlled trials (RCTs), ...
Mols Christel M M - - 2007
Alternative ways to control caterpillar pests and reduce the use of pesticides in apple orchards are in the interest of the environment, farmers and the public. Great tits have already been shown to reduce damage under high caterpillar density when breeding in nest boxes in an experimental apple orchard. We ...
Hwang D-H - - 2007
Comprehensive measures to control nonpoint source were developed by the Office of the Prime Minister, Korea in March 2004. These management measures present the government's policies and directions relating to nonpoint source management by 2020. However, the government has encountered difficulties since the government implemented such policies without preparing legal ...
Beck David E - - 2007
A logical, reasoned approach is essential to the successful management of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. This article describes the approach used by the staff of the Ochsner Clinic Foundation's Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery to evaluate and manage lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage, along with the evidence and experience that guided its development. ...
Park Yong-Lak - - 2006
A 4-yr landscape-scale study was conducted to investigate spatial and temporal dynamics of overwintering Homalodisca coagulata (Say) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in the lower San Joaquin Valley, California. Spatial structures of H. coagulata distributions were characterized with Moran's I index, and spatial associations between H. coagulata and the surrounding environment were investigated ...
Watson Timothy - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, affecting an estimated 4.5 million people within the European Union. Indeed, the prevalence of AF continues to rise, in view of the aging population and the better management of heart attacks, making it the new "epidemic". Irrespective of a rate control ...
Dooling, Oscar J.
The lodgepole pine type commonly occurs as an even-aged, singlestoried, and overstocked forest. Dwarf mistletoe is widespread throughout the type and causes growth and quality reduction, reduced seed production, and some direct mortality. The land manager has three alternatives where dwarf mistletoe occurs: (1) do nothing, (2) eradicate the stand, ...
Gu Weidong - - 2006
Reduction of aquatic habitats through environmental management mitigates malaria transmission not only by reducing emergence of host-seeking mosquitoes, but also by increasing the amount of time required for vectors to locate oviposition sites. However, the consequence of source reduction on mosquito oviposition has largely been neglected in evaluations of environment-management ...
Shay Daniel F - - 2006
Electronic health records (EHRs) offer medical practices the potential for increased efficiency and profits. The license agreement controls the practice's relationship with the vendor. Understanding the implications of the license agreement will help a practice to evaluate an EHR that the practice may adopt. This article will focus on 10 ...
van der Westhuizen, A; ...
The hake resource is the most important commercial fish species in the demersal sector of Namibia's fisheries, both in terms of annual catch and contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The fishery now spans four decades. In the 1960s and 1970s, hake were exploited heavily by mainly foreign fleets, total ...
Silverman Jules - - 2006
Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), management is constrained, in large part, by polydomy where nestmates are distributed extensively across urban landscapes, particularly within mulch. Management with trap-mulching is a novel approach derived from trap-cropping where ants are repelled from a broad domain of nest sites to smaller defined areas, which ...
Kremers I P - - 2006
In the present randomized controlled trial (RCT) it was investigated whether single women, 55 years of age and older, improved with regard to self-management ability, well-being, and social and emotional loneliness after having participated in a newly designed self-management group intervention based on the Self-Management of Well-being (SMW) theory. The ...
Hersi Ahmad - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained tachyarrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The management of AF remains associated with many challenges that make its treatment a vexing problem. However, in recent years extraordinary progress has been made in the understanding and management of AF. In general, antiarrhythmic drugs for ...
Birke Andrea - - 2006
Treating Mexican grapefruit with gibberellic acid (GA3) before color break, significantly delayed peel color change and increased peel puncture resistance, but it did not reduce grapefruit susceptibility to Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew) attack under natural conditions. Despite GA3 treatments, larval infestation levels increased with higher fruit fly populations, ...
Chen K - - 2006
A long-standing problem in managing the behaviour of a collection of solid grains concerns the nature of the grain packing, a property that is typically controlled by how the grains are poured or shaken. Here we show that a systematic and controllable increase in granular packing can be induced by ...
Shirayama Yoshihisa - - 2006
The major religion in Lao PDR is Buddhism, but many ethnic groups in rural Lao PDR hold an animist belief system called "Sadsana-pee". At the same time, the Bourapar District study site in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR is at high risk of malaria infection. Due to their belief in traditional ...
Howitt Ivan - - 2006
This paper presents a framework that addresses Quality of Service (QoS) for industrial wireless sensor networks as a real-time measurable set of parameters within the context of feedback control, thereby facilitating QoS management. This framework is based on examining the interaction between the industrial control processes and the wireless network. ...
Christensen Thomas D - - 2006
The efficacy of self-managed oral anticoagulant therapy has been addressed in few randomized, controlled trials, which have provided inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of self-managed oral anticoagulant therapy with conventional management. This was a pragmatic, open-label, randomized, controlled trial where 100 patients receiving ...
Janzekovic Helena - - 2006
The 1996 EU Council Directive 96/29/EURATOM defines a series of specific requirements related to the safe use of radiation sources and to public and occupational exposure. The implementation of these requirements is seen in comprehensive radiation protection measures undertaken at user site and in regulatory practice. The implementation of the ...
Brown John J - - 2006
Western poplar clearwing, Paranthrene robiniae (Hy. Edwards) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae), is endemic in Pacific Northwest riparian habitats at low population densities. These moths have colonized commercial hybrid poplar (Populus spp.) plantings. Moth populations increased rapidly and became a major pest. Trap catches of male moths in mid-season surveys increased 190-fold from ...
Clauss M - - 2006
In order to identify the management and feeding practices that might have contributed to the occurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in Bavaria, Germany, information from 110 dairy farms on which a case of BSE had been reported was compared with information derived from a questionnaire sent to approximately 10,000 ...
Davis Mark D P - - 2006
No treatment is consistently effective in the management of patients with erythromelalgia. There is a dearth of adequate studies examining the response of erythromelalgia to treatment. Most recommendations are suggested based on case reports, small case series, and anecdotal reports. The management of erythromelalgia is difficult and frequently involves a ...
Reneau Jeffrey K - - 2006
Statistical process control (SPC) is a set of analytic methods that uses the theory of variation as a means of explaining with statistical certainty when process performance is improving, staying the same, or getting worse. SPC techniques have been used successfully for 80 years in manufacturing as a quality management ...
Coufal C D - - 2006
Top-dressing is a method of broiler litter management in which a thin layer of new, clean litter material is spread over the top of previously used litter prior to placement of a new flock. This fresh layer of bedding material increases the absorptive capacity of the litter and decreases litter ...
Reich David L - - 2006
The influence of anesthetic choices and techniques upon outcomes in cardiac surgery is difficult to ascertain because of the low incidence of morbid and fatal outcomes that are attributable to anesthetic management. This discussion summarizes several areas that have been addressed in clinical trials, including temperature management, intraoperative hemodynamics, and ...
Dichmont, CM
The NPF is one of the Australian Commonwealth&#226;&#128;&#153;s most valuable fisheries. The species&#13;groups targeted include tiger, banana and endeavour prawns. The fishery is managed using&#13;input controls and, from 2001 until 2004 (the period which spans this study), the agreed&#13;target was for the level of fishing effort expended to lead to ...
Topal Süleyman - - 2006
Catechol is an allelochemical which belongs to phenolic compounds synthesized in plants. Its herbicidal effects on weed species; field poppy (Papaver rhoeas), creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense), henbit (Lamium amplexicaule) and wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis) were investigated using wheat (Triticum vulgare) and barley (Hordeum vulgare) species as control plants. In comparison ...
Gobin B - - 2006
Earwigs are key generalist predators to a variety of orchard pests. However, the once held believe that earwigs damage and spoil fruits led to control strategies and eventually the loss of large earwig populations in Belgian orchards. In recent years, Integrated and Organic fruit growers have tried to re-establish earwig ...
Arkin Adam P - - 2006
Efforts to manipulate living organisms have raised the question of whether engineering principles of hierarchy, abstraction and design can be applied to biological systems. Here, we consider the practical challenges to controlling living organisms that must be surmounted, or at least managed, if synthetic biology and cellular bioengineering are to ...
Mulligan Kathleen - - 2005
A large number of interventions have been developed with the aim of improving patient self-management of arthritis. These interventions are complex, usually including multiple components, and have certain key features including participants' awareness of the arms of the study and their often having clear preferences for one or other arm. ...
Nightingale Kendra K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess seasonal variation in prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes on ruminant farms and identify management practices associated with ruminant listeriosis and fecal shedding of L. monocytogenes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. SAMPLE POPULATION: 2056 samples of feces, feed, soil, and water from 24 case farms with listeriosis and 28 control ...
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