Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 564
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Hogsette Jerome A - - 2008
Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), once only a pest of pastured cattle, has become a serious pest of range cattle in the United States. Because of the difficulties associated with stable fly management under range conditions, a pesticide-impregnated cloth target is being developed as a management tool. We ...
Babadoost, M.
There is no cucurbit cultivar with measurable resistance against Phytophthora blight, caused by Phytophthora capsici, available. Genetic complexity of sources of Phytophthora resistance and variation in genetics of P. capsici are the serious challenge in breeding for resistance to Phytophthora blight. At present, cultural practices and chemical use are the ...
Ndiva Mongoh M - - 2008
Outbreaks of anthrax have diverse consequences on society. Establishing the appropriate control strategies is very important and crucial in reducing the socio-economic impact of the disease. Control measures are aimed at breaking the cycle of infection, and their implementation must be adhered to rigorously. The objectives of this paper were: ...
Cleary, Brian D.
"Control of competing vegetation during establishment is one of the key links in the chain of events leading to a new plantation and, ultimately, a productive forest resource. Experience has repeatedly shown that, without adequate site preparation, reforestation efforts almost inevitably will fail. Vegetation control during the establishment period by ...
Metzger Marco E - - 2008
A 3-year study was conducted to assess mosquito production in structural stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) installed by the California Department of Transportation in San Diego and Los Angeles Counties. Thirty-seven BMPs were monitored weekly for presence and relative abundance of immature mosquitoes and for conditions conducive to mosquito production. ...
Harbison Justin E - - 2008
Simulated stormwater management devices baited with alfalfa infusion were constructed to test conveyance pipe dimension and orientation as a potential deterrent to mosquito oviposition. Various configurations of pipe diameter, length, and orientation were evaluated based on egg raft counts. Field trials tested pipes of 1.3-, 5-, and 10-cm diam and ...
Bowden Francis J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether asking general practitioners to offer chlamydia screening at the same time as Pap screening increases chlamydia screening rates. DESIGN: A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Doctors from 31 general practices in the Australian Capital Territory performing more than 15 Pap smear screens per ...
Toomey Traci L - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate effects of a training program for owners/managers of alcohol establishments-Alcohol Risk Management (ARM)-on: (i) propensity to sell alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons; and (ii) changing establishment-level policies/practices. DESIGN: We assigned alcohol establishments randomly to intervention (full-ARM) and delayed-intervention/control (ARM Express) conditions. SETTING: One large metropolitan area in ...
Ducrotoy Jean-Paul - - 2008
The review provides an overview of the features of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in their European geographical and socio-political context. To reach sustainability in the wider sense the common society has to meet the 7 tenets - that management actions have to be environmentally sustainable, economically viable, ...
Bertini Matteo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ventricular stimulation with automatic control and back-up pulse warrants maximum safety for the patient and increases device longevity. Fusion phenomenon may hinder evoked response (ER) detection and cause unnecessary back-up stimulation. We evaluated an automatic fusion beat management algorithm and its relationship with atrioventricular (AV) interval programming in a ...
Liu Yun-Guo - - 2008
In vitro-grown apple shoot tips were successfully cryopreserved by vitrification, with an average survival and shoot formation of 80 percent and 76 percent respectively. Surviving shoots showed the same rate and regrowth patterns as those of non-treated controls. No significant differences (P < 0.05) were observed in morphological characteristics, including ...
Silverman Jules - - 2008
The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, has invaded urban, agricultural, and natural habitats worldwide, causing economic damage and disrupting ecosystem processes. Introduced populations of L. humile and those of many other invasive ants tend to be unicolonial, forming expansive, multiqueened supercolonies that dominate native ant communities and challenge control practices in ...
Huesch Marco D - - 2008
Streakiness in performance is a well-known phenomenon. The theoretical adverse effect of such runs of outcomes on standard statistical process control tools is widely known--resulting in an increased rate of "false alarms." Should healthcare managers view this effect as an important practical concern for quality management? This article investigates cardiac ...
Ferrer Miquel - - 2008
Continuous control of tracheal tube cuff inflation using a pneumatic device resulted in severe tracheal wall damage in ventilated piglets. This damage was similar in piglets managed with manual control of cuff inflation. The periodic hyperinflation of the tube cuff used in both groups of this study may explain these ...
Malthouse M - - 2007
Where modern medicine has been criticised for having lost sight of the individual on account of its biomedical focus, the profile of narrative in medicine has gained prominence. Within any medical encounter it is possible to identify the existence of several narratives. The aim of this article is to demonstrate ...
Vilar M J - - 2007
This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of Listeria spp. in bulk-tank milk on dairy farms in the region of Galicia in northwest Spain. The aim was to identify management practices associated with the presence of Listeria spp. and possible effects on milk hygienic quality. A total of 98 farms was ...
Calixto Alejandro A - - 2007
A pilot study was conducted to investigate the impact of Solenopsis invicta management with an insect growth regulator bait (s-methoprene) on native ant species and to determine the responses of these species to S. invicta reduction. This invasive species alters the diversity and structure of different trophic levels of arthropod ...
Cox T M - - 2007
Fishers, scientists, and resource managers have made substantial progress in reducing bycatch of sea turtles, seabirds, and marine mammals through physical modifications to fishing gear. Many bycatch-avoidance measures have been developed and tested successfully in controlled experiments, which have led to regulated implementation of modified or new fishing gear. Nevertheless, ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Eszopiclone is a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic for the treatment of insomnia and classified as schedule IV controlled substance. Limited information exists on eszopiclone ingestions reported to poison control centers. The distribution of eszopiclone ingestions reported to Texas poison control centers during 2005-2006 was determined for various factors. In addition, triage guidelines ...
French B Wade - - 2007
Diabrotica barberi Smith & Lawrence and Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) are serious pests of maize, Zea mays L. To reduce the amount of toxicants released into the environment, the Agricultural Research Service implemented a 5-yr (1997-2001) areawide pest management program in five geographic locations, including one in South ...
Rees Jonathan L - - 2007
Clinicians are growing inured to the fact that rarely do the results of a single randomized controlled trial (RCT) decisively change clinical practice. Nor should they. In a new RCT, Kirke and colleagues have compared the therapeutic effects of different types of UVB radiation on clearance of psoriasis. Their study ...
Jackson A J - - 2007
Clopidogrel is commonly encountered in patients presenting for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Its use around this time is controversial and there is no randomized control trial data to determine best practice. Questionnaires were posted to all members of the Vascular Society investigating clopidogrel use at the time of CEA. 52% discontinue ...
Higdon H Lee HL - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of incubator management on assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. DESIGN: Series of retrospective and controlled, randomized studies. SETTING: Tertiary care infertility practice. PATIENT(S): Mammalian gametes/embryos. INTERVENTION(S): Evaluation of human and bovine oocytes/embryos cultured in various environmental conditions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fertilization and embryo development rate ...
Mukherjee Pulok K - - 2007
The Indian system of medicine (ISM) consists of several major components such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and homeopathy. All these components provide the major healthcare for a large part of the population in India and have been flourishing in this country for many centuries. Medicinal plants constitute a major part ...
Carlo Arlene - - 2007
Questions often arise regarding safe practices relevant to sterilization containers-from cleaning these holding devices to the maximum weight for containerized instrument sets to shelf life and sterility maintenance. Following nationally established, recommended practices can help ensure optimal container effectiveness, infection control and patient safety. This month's column addresses these subjects ...
Camelo Leonardo de A Lde - - 2007
A chemical lure derived from flowers that are visited by moths attracts male and female alfalfa loopers, Autographa californica (Speyer) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). This feeding attractant is dispensed from polypropylene bottles that provide controlled release for several weeks. A killing station was tested in the laboratory, in a screenhouse, and in ...
Thomas Matthew B - - 2007
Classical biological control (the introduction of exotic natural enemies) is often advocated as a tool for managing invasive species. Here, we review the effectiveness of biocontrol and explore the factors that determine whether it is an appropriate response to the invasive species problem. Although there have been some successes, biocontrol ...
Gilles J - - 2007
The main objective of this study was to compare the trapping efficiency of two Alsynite sticky traps (modified Williams and modified Broce) and two phtalogen blue cloth traps (Vavoua and Nzi) to be used in an integrated control programme of Stomoxys spp. (Diptera: Muscidae) on Reunion Island. Mean daily catches ...
Randler Christoph - - 2007
Footedness in birds has been reported, e.g., in parrots and chickens, but the direction of footedness remained unclear. Is a bird left-footed because it uses its left foot for holding and handling food, or is it right-footed because it uses the right foot for stabilisation and balancing while perching? In ...
Francisco Gerard E - - 2007
Botulinum toxins (BTX) have revolutionised the management of focal post-stroke spastic hypertonia. Published literature has supported the efficacy and safety of BTX in reducing spastic hypertonia but has not convincingly demonstrated the ability to enhance function. While clinicians and stroke survivors have reported impressive clinical outcomes, randomised, controlled trials (RCTs), ...
Mols Christel M M - - 2007
Alternative ways to control caterpillar pests and reduce the use of pesticides in apple orchards are in the interest of the environment, farmers and the public. Great tits have already been shown to reduce damage under high caterpillar density when breeding in nest boxes in an experimental apple orchard. We ...
Hwang D-H - - 2007
Comprehensive measures to control nonpoint source were developed by the Office of the Prime Minister, Korea in March 2004. These management measures present the government's policies and directions relating to nonpoint source management by 2020. However, the government has encountered difficulties since the government implemented such policies without preparing legal ...
Beck David E - - 2007
A logical, reasoned approach is essential to the successful management of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. This article describes the approach used by the staff of the Ochsner Clinic Foundation's Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery to evaluate and manage lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage, along with the evidence and experience that guided its development. ...
Park Yong-Lak - - 2006
A 4-yr landscape-scale study was conducted to investigate spatial and temporal dynamics of overwintering Homalodisca coagulata (Say) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in the lower San Joaquin Valley, California. Spatial structures of H. coagulata distributions were characterized with Moran's I index, and spatial associations between H. coagulata and the surrounding environment were investigated ...
Watson Timothy - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, affecting an estimated 4.5 million people within the European Union. Indeed, the prevalence of AF continues to rise, in view of the aging population and the better management of heart attacks, making it the new "epidemic". Irrespective of a rate control ...
Dooling, Oscar J.
The lodgepole pine type commonly occurs as an even-aged, singlestoried, and overstocked forest. Dwarf mistletoe is widespread throughout the type and causes growth and quality reduction, reduced seed production, and some direct mortality. The land manager has three alternatives where dwarf mistletoe occurs: (1) do nothing, (2) eradicate the stand, ...
Gu Weidong - - 2006
Reduction of aquatic habitats through environmental management mitigates malaria transmission not only by reducing emergence of host-seeking mosquitoes, but also by increasing the amount of time required for vectors to locate oviposition sites. However, the consequence of source reduction on mosquito oviposition has largely been neglected in evaluations of environment-management ...
Shay Daniel F - - 2006
Electronic health records (EHRs) offer medical practices the potential for increased efficiency and profits. The license agreement controls the practice's relationship with the vendor. Understanding the implications of the license agreement will help a practice to evaluate an EHR that the practice may adopt. This article will focus on 10 ...
van der Westhuizen, A; ...
The hake resource is the most important commercial fish species in the demersal sector of Namibia's fisheries, both in terms of annual catch and contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The fishery now spans four decades. In the 1960s and 1970s, hake were exploited heavily by mainly foreign fleets, total ...
Silverman Jules - - 2006
Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr), management is constrained, in large part, by polydomy where nestmates are distributed extensively across urban landscapes, particularly within mulch. Management with trap-mulching is a novel approach derived from trap-cropping where ants are repelled from a broad domain of nest sites to smaller defined areas, which ...
Kremers I P - - 2006
In the present randomized controlled trial (RCT) it was investigated whether single women, 55 years of age and older, improved with regard to self-management ability, well-being, and social and emotional loneliness after having participated in a newly designed self-management group intervention based on the Self-Management of Well-being (SMW) theory. The ...
Hersi Ahmad - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained tachyarrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The management of AF remains associated with many challenges that make its treatment a vexing problem. However, in recent years extraordinary progress has been made in the understanding and management of AF. In general, antiarrhythmic drugs for ...
Birke Andrea - - 2006
Treating Mexican grapefruit with gibberellic acid (GA3) before color break, significantly delayed peel color change and increased peel puncture resistance, but it did not reduce grapefruit susceptibility to Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew) attack under natural conditions. Despite GA3 treatments, larval infestation levels increased with higher fruit fly populations, ...
Chen K - - 2006
A long-standing problem in managing the behaviour of a collection of solid grains concerns the nature of the grain packing, a property that is typically controlled by how the grains are poured or shaken. Here we show that a systematic and controllable increase in granular packing can be induced by ...
Shirayama Yoshihisa - - 2006
The major religion in Lao PDR is Buddhism, but many ethnic groups in rural Lao PDR hold an animist belief system called "Sadsana-pee". At the same time, the Bourapar District study site in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR is at high risk of malaria infection. Due to their belief in traditional ...
Howitt Ivan - - 2006
This paper presents a framework that addresses Quality of Service (QoS) for industrial wireless sensor networks as a real-time measurable set of parameters within the context of feedback control, thereby facilitating QoS management. This framework is based on examining the interaction between the industrial control processes and the wireless network. ...
Christensen Thomas D - - 2006
The efficacy of self-managed oral anticoagulant therapy has been addressed in few randomized, controlled trials, which have provided inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of self-managed oral anticoagulant therapy with conventional management. This was a pragmatic, open-label, randomized, controlled trial where 100 patients receiving ...
Janzekovic Helena - - 2006
The 1996 EU Council Directive 96/29/EURATOM defines a series of specific requirements related to the safe use of radiation sources and to public and occupational exposure. The implementation of these requirements is seen in comprehensive radiation protection measures undertaken at user site and in regulatory practice. The implementation of the ...
Brown John J - - 2006
Western poplar clearwing, Paranthrene robiniae (Hy. Edwards) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae), is endemic in Pacific Northwest riparian habitats at low population densities. These moths have colonized commercial hybrid poplar (Populus spp.) plantings. Moth populations increased rapidly and became a major pest. Trap catches of male moths in mid-season surveys increased 190-fold from ...
Clauss M - - 2006
In order to identify the management and feeding practices that might have contributed to the occurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in Bavaria, Germany, information from 110 dairy farms on which a case of BSE had been reported was compared with information derived from a questionnaire sent to approximately 10,000 ...
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