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Gaudiano M C - - 2010
"For export only" anti-inflammatory and lightening creams are medicinal products sold in African countries for their skin whitening action. In the last years, Rapid Alerts from European Medicinal Regulatory Agencies evidenced the presence of a large number of illegal and counterfeit anti-inflammatory products advertised for their whitening action on black ...
Byers Rachel - - 2010
Management of battlefield casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan has seen considerable development in damage control resuscitation, which aims to address the risk of haemorrhage, initially due to mechanical damage; and thereafter due to the development of life-threatening coagulopathy. Damage control resuscitation combines a variety of techniques, such as the use ...
Watson L A - - 2010
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a symptom complex attributed to compression of the nerves and vessels as they exit the thoracic outlet. Classified into several sub-types, conservative management is generally recommended as the first stage treatment in favor of surgical intervention. In cases where postural deviations contribute substantially to compression ...
Rog David J - - 2010
For some years a mixture of anecdotal report and data from animal models have implied a potential role for cannabis-based medicines in ameliorating a variety of symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Only recently however have large randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examined these potential effects rigorously. At present the results of RCTs ...
Epanchin-Niell Rebecca S - - 2010
We review studies that address economically optimal control of established invasive species. We describe three important components for determining optimal invasion management: invasion dynamics, costs of control efforts and a monetary measure of invasion damages. We find that a management objective that explicitly considers both costs and damages is most ...
Tomić Sinisa - - 2010
To present the activities of the Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices in the first 5 years of its existence and to define its future challenges. Main activities within the scope of the Agency as a regulatory authority were retrospectively analyzed for the period from 2004-2008. Data were collected ...
Kowey Peter R - - 2010
The Registry on Cardiac Rhythm Disorders Assessing the Control of Atrial Fibrillation (RecordAF) study is the first worldwide, prospective, survey of real-life management of atrial fibrillation (AF) in recently diagnosed patients (n = 5604) with a 1-year follow-up. Surveys of AF management have identified a divergence between guidelines and clinical ...
Pedersen Søren - - 2010
Variability is a characteristic feature of asthma, and the aim of asthma management is to eliminate or minimise disease variability. Controlled asthma shows little or no variability, and is achievable and sustainable in the majority of patients. New international guidelines recommend control-driven management rather than management based on disease severity. ...
da Cruz Daniela Guedes - - 2010
Anthelmintic resistance in parasites maybe a consequence of over-exposing populations of parasites to drugs or from the commerce/transit of animals harboring resistant parasites. Knowledge of the sensitivity of nematodes to anthelmintics is essential to establish an efficient integrated program of parasite control. In Brazil, producers rely on technology transfer from ...
Malakis Stathis - - 2010
A lot of research in Air Traffic Control (ATC) has focused on human errors in decision making whilst little attention has been paid to the cognitive strategies employed by controllers in managing abnormal situations. This study looks into cognitive strategies in taskwork that enable controllers to become resilient decision-makers. Two ...
Fritzen B - - 2010
Increasing prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in equine nematodes calls for a reexamination of current parasite control programmes to identify factors influencing control efficacy and development of resistance. To investigate if associations occur between prevalence of parasitic nematodes and management practices. German horse farms (n = 76) were investigated in 2003 ...
Ferreira Ana - - 2010
Translating legislation and regulations into access control systems in healthcare is, in practice, not a straightforward task. Excessive regulation can create barriers to appropriate patient treatment. The main objective of this paper is to present a new methodology that can define, from legislation to practice, an access control policy as ...
Feillet Francois - - 2010
Control of blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels throughout the life of a person diagnosed with phenylketonuria (PKU) is the biochemical management strategy necessary to provide the best potential for optimal outcome. Psychosocial support mechanisms comprise the other aspects of PKU management that are necessary to overcome the hurdles of living with ...
Holmes Morgan M MA, PhD, is the director of WordMeridian Communications, in Toronto, - - 2010
Launched in 2010 in conjunction with the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management, the Longwoods Scholar program honours leaders in Canada's healthcare sector who are at the forefront of research, practice and policy.
Mulvaney Shelagh A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE To report results from YourWay, an Internet-based self-management intervention for adolescents with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 72 adolescents with type 1 diabetes, ages 13-17 years, were randomized to a usual-care-plus-Internet support or a usual-care group. The intervention was designed to enhance problem-solving barriers ...
Castle Steven - - 2009
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is considered the central paradigm of insect pest management and is often characterized as a comprehensive use of multiple control tactics to reduce pest status while minimizing economic and environmental costs. As the principal precursor of IPM, the integrated control concept formulated the economic theory behind ...
Wells Timothy N C - - 2009
Despite being one of the most prevalent tropical diseases, for many years malaria was not a commercial priority for the pharmaceutical industry. However, in response to the emergence and spread of resistance to the available antimalarial drugs, there has been a renaissance in the discovery and development of new medicines ...
Brady R R W - - 2009
Effective infection control practice requires knowledge of and adherence to contemporary infection control guidelines. Utilising a novel questionnaire tool, we evaluated knowledge of recently published guidelines on meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) precautions in a number of relevant healthcare worker (HCW) populations. The questionnaire was developed from national UK MRSA practice ...
Frueh Felix W - - 2009
Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard for determining the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. However, medical practice has not evolved around the concept of randomized trials, but around the idea of careful observations, (anecdotal) case studies and the evaluation of retrospective data. Interventions discovered by these means and taken forward ...
El-Sayed A M - - 2009
"Lure and kill" technology has been used for several decades in pest management and eradication of invasive species. In lure and kill, the insect pest attracted by a semiochemical lure is not "entrapped" at the source of the attractant as in mass trapping, but instead the insect is subjected to ...
Valenstein Paul N - - 2009
CONTEXT: A variety of document control practices are required of clinical laboratories by US regulation, laboratory accreditors, and standard-setting organizations. OBJECTIVE: To determine how faithfully document control is being implemented in practice and whether particular approaches to document control result in better levels of compliance. DESIGN: Contemporaneous, structured audit of ...
Aydin Berna - - 2009
Because forensic medicine workers have a greater occupational risk for infectious diseases, strict rules and measures against infections must be implemented at every stage of forensic medicine practices. In this study, we aim to evaluate the infection control implementations in forensic medicine practices in Turkey.A questionnaire survey was mailed to ...
Pittet Isabelle - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the level of sports practice between adolescents with chronic health conditions (CHCs) and control peers and to examine the reasons given by adolescents with CHCs for not practicing any sports in comparison with the control group. DESIGN: School survey. SETTING: Postmandatory schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6790 ...
Mwale M - - 2009
Mwale and Masika 2009 Ethno-veterinary control of parasites, management and role of village chickens in rural households of Centane district in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Tropical Animal Health and Production. Village chickens contribute significantly towards rural livelihood in the African continent through the provision of animal protein, income and ...
Outzen Mark - - 2009
Few current standards exist for the identification and management of fever in older adults. Fever is one aspect of a controlled, complex febrile response that involves numerous physiological systems and must be distinguished from hyperthermia. Although most commonly identified with infection, numerous noninfectious etiologies exist. Fever is an adaptive response ...
Wilkes Scott - - 2009
GPs investigate approximately half of all infertile couples with semen analysis and endocrine blood tests. For assessment of tubal status, hysterosalpingography (HSG) is recommended as a first-line investigation for women not known to have comorbidities. To test whether providing GPs with open access to HSG results in infertile couples progressing ...
Nylinder Pia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The composition of clinical department managers in Swedish hospitals is changing; more non-doctors and women are entering managerial positions. In parallel, most hospitals face increased pressure to contain costs. This article presents a study of managers' perceptions of tightness of budgetary control and how their views vary systematically with ...
Rosen Marc I MI Department of Veterans Affairs, Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut, USA. - - 2009
Money management has been implemented, often in bundled interventions, as a strategy to counteract spending of public support checks and other funds on drugs and alcohol. The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial of a voluntary money management program as an adjunctive treatment for patients in treatment for mental illness, ...
Najmi Sadia - - 2009
Suppression is one of various mental control techniques that people may use to manage unwanted thoughts. Evidence suggests that it is at best unsustainable and at worst counterproductive. This leads to the question: If suppression is a futile way to respond to unwanted, intrusive thoughts, what is a more effective ...
Bowater Russell J - - 2009
The aim of this review was to assess the methodological quality of cluster randomised controlled trials (CRCT) for the management of tropical parasitic disease published between 1998 and 2007. A literature survey was conducted using Medline for CRCTs of interventions aimed at managing any one of the six major tropical ...
Osborne Carl A - - 2009
Results of experimental and clinical investigation have confirmed the importance of dietary modifications in medical protocols designed to promote dissolution and prevention of uroliths. The objectives of medical management of uroliths are to arrest further growth and to promote urolith dissolution by correcting or controlling underlying abnormalities. For therapy to ...
de Lusignan Simon - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a relatively newly recognised but common long-term condition affecting 5 to 10% of the population. Effective management of CKD, with emphasis on strict blood pressure (BP) control, reduces cardiovascular risk and slows the progression of CKD. There is currently an unprecedented rise in ...
Schmidt Niels M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Current nature conservation in semi-natural grasslands often includes grazing and hay cutting, as well as the abandonment of draining. Semi-natural grassland and in particular meadows constitute important habitat type for a large number of animal species in today's fragmented and intensively cultivated landscape of Europe. Here we focus on ...
Mathews Fiona - - 2009
Zoonoses in wildlife not only play an important ecological role, but pose significant threats to the health of humans, domestic animals and some endangered species. More than two-thirds of emerging, or re-emerging, infectious diseases are thought to originate in wildlife. Despite this, co-ordinated surveillance schemes are rare, and most efforts ...
Eccles R - - 2009
Early animal experiments on cough developed the concept that cough was an involuntary reflex controlled from areas in the brainstem and that cough could be inhibited by centrally acting medicines such as codeine. Studies on the voluntary control of cough, the urge to cough and the placebo effect of cough ...
Kongsgaard Ulf E - - 2009
Randomized controlled trials provide the best evidence for the safety and effectiveness of interventions. However, the reliance on this study design as the only criterion for credible evidence is not possible in all areas of palliative medicine. Although we must exercise caution in making definitive claims from uncontrolled trial data, ...
Collen Mark - - 2009
Controlled substance management agreements (contracts) are widely used by pain specialists in the United States, but what do they contain? This survey analysis answers that question by taking a thorough look at 41 controlled substance medication management agreements from physicians in private practice.
Robertson Peter K J - - 2009
Farming of salmon has become a significant industry in many countries over the past two decades. A major challenge facing this sector is infestation of the salmon by sea lice. The main way of treating salmon for such infestations is the use of medicines such as organophosphates, pyrethrins, hydrogen peroxide ...
McCabe James M - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is often managed by general internal medicine physicians. Available data suggest that guidelines regarding AF management are often not followed, but the reasons for this remain unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and beliefs of internists regarding strategies to treat AF. A ...
Abad-Moyano Raquel - - 2009
The management of Tetranychus urticae, a key pest of clementine trees, is mainly based on the use of acaricides. However, more environmentally safe measures, such as biological control, are being encouraged. Life-history traits of the three most abundant phytoseiid mites associated with T. urticae on this crop (Euseius stipulatus, Phytoseiulus ...
Heckendorn F - - 2009
The aim of this experiment conducted at four sites in Switzerland was to investigate the transmission and infectivity of the two main helminth parasite species of poultry (Ascaridia galli and Heterakis gallinarum) in outdoor runs with two different stocking rates. Additionally, the influence of a simple management practice (mowing of ...
Lackner K S - - 2008
In management of carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere, the authors argue that it is far superior to control upstream where the carbon leaves the ground in a limited number of places than further downstream as carbon dioxide is released in a myriad of locations. The authors note that none ...
Hsieh Chiu-Lan - - 2009
The chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assays have been intensively used to determine angiogenesis and anti-angiogenesis of medicines. In view of bioactivity, this technique should be performed with kinetic control regime in chicken embryos. Whether the dosages ever used had satisfied this requirement, we explored by mathematical analysis. A diffusion-in-egg model was ...
Abad-Moyano Raquel - - 2009
Field surveys were conducted from 2004 to 2007 to determine the species composition and relative abundance of natural enemies associated with colonies of either the citrus red mite, Panonychus citri, or the two spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, in Valencian citrus orchards (eastern Spain). Fourteen species were recorded, six phytoseiid ...
Jambeck Jenna R - - 2008
Although phased out of many residential uses in the United States, the disposal of CCA-treated wood remains a concern because significant quantities have yet to be taken out of service, and it is commonly disposed in landfills. Catastrophic events have also led to the concentrated disposal of CCA-treated wood, often ...
Jones Sarah L - - 2008
Catering businesses continue to be the most common setting for foodborne disease outbreaks. In a study of catering businesses in England and Wales, operational practices relating to the supply, preparation, and service of food in 88 businesses associated with outbreaks were compared with those practices at 88 control businesses. Operational ...
Tam Tsz Kin - - 2008
A switchable bioelectrocatalytic system for glucose oxidation controlled by external biochemical signals exemplifies interfacing between bioelectronic and biochemical ensembles.
Riccardi, Benjamin
Noiret is a complex interspecific hybrid red wine grape (Vitis sp.) released by Cornell University in 2006 for cold-climate growers. Shoot thinning (ST), before capfall, to 15 shoots per meter and basal leaf removal (BLR) to 75% visual exposure of pea-sized berries were performed separately and in combination (ST/BLR) and ...
Herman Sonja L - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a dynamic-stretching warm-up (DWU) intervention performed daily over 4 weeks positively influenced power, speed, agility, endurance, flexibility, and strength performance measures in collegiate wrestlers when compared to a static-stretching warm-up (SWU) intervention. Twenty-four male National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I wrestlers ...
Hogsette Jerome A - - 2008
Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae), once only a pest of pastured cattle, has become a serious pest of range cattle in the United States. Because of the difficulties associated with stable fly management under range conditions, a pesticide-impregnated cloth target is being developed as a management tool. We ...
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