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Mangin P P University Center of Legal Medicine, Geneva-Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, - - 2014
Forensic experts play a major role in the legal process as they offer professional expert opinion and evidence within the criminal justice system adjudicating on the innocence or alleged guilt of an accused person. In this respect, medico-legal examination is an essential part of the investigation process, determining in a ...
Bryson David D University of - - 2014
A clinical photographer's work can have legal consequences, conflict of interest and privilege, are two of these areas. As healthcare professionals we need to be aware of the impact of the law on our professional practice.
Ikenwilo Divine D Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen Scotland, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is growing need for continuing professional development (CPD) among doctors, especially following the recent introduction of compulsory revalidation for all doctors in the United Kingdom (UK). We use unique datasets from two national surveys of non-training grade doctors working in the National Health Service in Scotland to evaluate doctors' ...
Steinmuller Patricia L - - 2014
Sports nutrition and dietetics addresses relationships of nutrition with physical activity, including weight management, exercise, and physical performance. Nutrition plays a key role in the prevention and treatment of obesity and chronic disease and for maintenance of health, and the ability to engage in physical activity, sports, and other aspects ...
Halpern Ethan J EJ 1 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, 132 S 10th St, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The Physician Charter defines the obligations of professionalism as being based on three fundamental principles and 10 professional commitments. Choices faced in the daily clinical practice of radiology may present as challenges because of conflicts between the ideals of professionalism and the realities of practice and personal interests of ...
Watine Joseph - - 2014
To challenge the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) group to address the potential misconceptions about their approach to grading the strength of recommendations in clinical practice guidelines. Based on our own expertise of health care professionals trying to think in depth about, and using, guidelines, we have ...
Hart Curtis W CW Public Health, Medicine, and Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, 10065, USA, - - 2014
Helen Flanders Dunbar (1902-1959) was a physician, medieval and Renaissance scholar, theologian, and founder of the American Psychosomatic Society and its journal Psychosomatic Medicine. Her contributions are not currently well known but deserve recognition from all those involved or interested in the dialogue between medicine and spirituality. This essay explores ...
Pieroth Elizabeth M EM NorthShore University HealthSystem, Glenview, Ill., - - 2014
There is no other sport that has come under greater scrutiny surrounding the incidence and treatment of concussion than football, and there is no other professional sports league that has experienced more intense focus of its handling of concussions than the National Football League (NFL). The NFL has received significant ...
Koch Tom T University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2013
Bioethicists have typically disdained where they did not simply ignore the Hippocratic tradition in medicine. Its exclusivity-an oath of and for physicians-seemed contrary to the perspective that bioethicists have attempted to invoke. Robert M. Veatch recently articulated this rejection of the Hippocratic tradition, and of a professional ethic of medicine ...
Wilson Nicky N Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines produced by NICE - the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence - are seen as key mechanisms to regulate and standardise UK healthcare practice, but their development is known to be problematic, and their adoption and uptake variable. Examining what a guideline or health policy means ...
Cummings Nicholas A NA Cummings Foundation for Behavioral - - 2013
Presents an obituary for Rogers H. Wright, who passed away on March 31, 2013. Wright was instrumental in the creation of psychology as an independent practice profession. He was a prolific and inspirational writer, and his publications addressed various professional issues and served as a roadmap for the aggressive and ...
Engstrom Eric J - - 2013
This article examines the topography and "cultural machinery" of forensic jurisdictions in Imperial Germany. It locates the sites at which boundary disputes between psychiatric and legal professionals arose and explores the strategies and practices that governed the division of expert labor between them. It argues that the over-determined paradigms of ...
O'Brien Ian - - 2013
It is broadly acknowledged that professional orchestral musicians risk noise-induced hearing pathologies due to sound exposure in rehearsal and performance. While much has been published regarding orchestral sound levels, little is known of the sound exposure these musicians experience during solitary practice, despite the many hours they spend engaged in ...
Adams Karen K University of Huddersfield. - - 2013
Practice teachers have a significant role in leading education in clinical practice and in the preparation, assessment and 'signing off' of post-registration specialist practice students at the end of their programme. This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a grounded theory study which examined the perceived role of the ...
Krupinski Elizabeth A - - 2013
Abstract Background: The American Telemedicine Association (ATA) Standards and Guidelines Committee develops practice standards and guidelines. Key to the Committee's mission is dissemination so the standards can be used in the practice of telemedicine. Over a 2-year period, when a standards document was accessed from the ATA Web site, a ...
Downie Robin - - 2013
A judgement is an assertion made with evidence or good reason in a context of uncertainty. In psychiatry the uncertainty is inherent in the professional context, and the evidence derives from the academic literature and scientific studies as they are applied to a specific patient. The nature of the uncertainty ...
- - 2013
Processes for credentialing physicians and criteria used for delineating their practice-specific clinical privileges vary widely across the United States. The ACR and the ABR have jointly developed this resource document to define the requisite credentials for specialty board-certified diagnostic radiologists and subspecialty board-certified nuclear radiologists to be privileged to practice ...
Murdoch-Eaton Deborah - - 2013
Reflection has become established as a key principle underpinning maintenance of standards within professional education and practice. A requirement to evidence reflection within performance review is intended to develop a transformative approach to practice, identify developmental goals, and ultimately, improve healthcare. However, some applications have taken an excessively instrumental approach ...
McCluskey Annie - - 2013
Translating evidence into practice is an important final step in the process of evidence-based practice. Medical record audits can be used to examine how well practice compares with published evidence, and identify evidence-practice gaps. After providing audit feedback to professionals, local barriers to practice change can be identified and targetted ...
Malcolm Dominic - - 2013
To examine the ethical challenges of upholding patient confidentiality in sports medicine and the practical responses of clinicians to these challenges. Questionnaire survey and follow-up semi-structured interviews with the members of the British Olympic Association's Medical Committee and Physiotherapy Forum. Clinicians identified three contextual factors that influenced issues related to ...
Tudor Katarina Ivana - - 2013
Clinical practice guidelines are systematically created documents that summarize knowledge and assist in delivering high-quality medicine by identifying evidence that supports best clinical care. They are produced not only by international professional groups but also by local professionals to address locally-relevant clinical practice. We evaluated the methodological rigour and transparency ...
Forte Marcos - - 2013
In nurse and in medicine courses, the use of reflective portfolios as a pedagogical tool is becoming a common practice; in the last years, this practice has gradually migrated from paper-based to electronic-based portfolios. Current approaches for reflective e-portfolios, however, do not widely operate at outdoor sites, where data networks ...
Petersen Lone Stub - - 2013
AIM: In eHealth development there is an increasing focus on user participation inspired by the information systems field of practice and research. There are, however, many other challenges in developing information systems that fit healthcare practices. One of these is the challenge of cooperation and communication in development projects that ...
Moncrieff G G Health Centre, Bicester, Oxfordshire, UK. - - 2013
Emollients can perform an important role in the treatment of a number of dermatological conditions. Currently, the use of emollient therapy in the UK is supported only by limited guidelines and a best-practice statement, although guidelines do exist for specific conditions such as childhood eczema. To address this need, a ...
Steel Jennifer L JL Department of Surgery and Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2013
The practice recommendations discussed here are based on the findings of the national survey as well as the opinions of the authors. The recommendations that are proposed here are not exhaustive and are aspirational in intent and are likely to evolve with time. Practice guidelines are recommended for legal and ...
Elvey Rebecca - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine pharmacists' perceptions of their professional identity, both in terms of how they see themselves and how they think others view their profession. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken, using group and individual interviews with pharmacists employed in the community, hospital and ...
Conde Crystal - - 2013
Many young doctors begin their professional lives as employed physicians, then transition into full or part owners of a practice. Deciding between employment and solo practice is a big decision. Whatever the choice, it has to be done right.
Bessoth Fiona - - 2013
This chapter is intended to give a brief introduction into the most important patent basics. More importantly, it provides some practical advice to scientists on various considerations when contemplating and preparing the filing of a patent application, irrespective of whether this is assisted by a patent professional or not.
Amato Roberto R Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western - - 2013
Professions are accorded respect and autonomy by society in exchange for their willingness to enforce their own professional standards. A case is discussed where an associate discovers that the principal dentist is routinely not collecting the 20% copayment required by insurance contracts. Analysis shows that this practice is unethical, illegal, ...
Aguilar Alejandra - - 2013
Professionalism involves practitioners applying the values of their profession and demonstrating essential professional behaviours and attitudes. Within the Australian occupational therapy profession, there is little research on the values, behaviours and attitudes that constitute professionalism. As a result, there is limited understanding of professionalism, and the approaches used to enhance ...
Praestegaard Jeanette - - 2012
Despite an increasingly growth of professional guidelines, textbooks and research about ethics in health care, awareness about ethics in Danish physiotherapy private practice seen vague. This article explores how physiotherapists in Danish private practice, from an ethical perspective, perceive to practice physiotherapy. The empirical data consists of interviews with twenty-one ...
de Cossart Linda - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores in detail the practice of reflection and its importance for doctors. It offers a definition of and a framework for both oral and written Clinical Reflection. It presents a thorough and detailed explanation of Clinical Reflection, its meaning, purpose, and processes and provides an ...
- - 2012
Presents a short biography of the winner of the American psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent Practice. The 2012 winner is Sandra L. Shullman for her outstanding contributions and leadership as an independent practitioner in the fields of counseling and consulting psychology. Through her national scholarship on ...
Ginsburg Shiphra - - 2012
PURPOSE: Context has a critical influence on individuals' behaviors and is essential to understanding lapses in professionalism, yet little is known about contextual factors relevant to practicing physicians. This study used standardized professionalism dilemmas, or challenges, to explore practicing internists' reasoning in their handling of typical challenges. METHOD: In spring ...
Gupta Mona - - 2012
In this paper, we explore the recent emphasis, in various medical contexts, of the term 'critical' or the notion of 'being critical'. We identify various definitions of being critical and note that they differ strikingly. What are these different uses of the term trying to capture that is important in ...
Donoff Michel - - 2012
To develop and describe observable evaluation objectives for assessing competence in professionalism, which are grounded in the experience of practising physicians. Modified nominal group technique. The College of Family Physicians of Canada in Mississauga, Ont. An expert group of 7 family physicians and 1 educational consultant, all of whom had ...
Bird Julio J - - 2012
Patterns for nonoperative management of pediatric blunt splenic injuries (BSIs) vary significantly within and between institutions. The indications for repeated imaging, duration of activity restrictions, as well as the impact of volume and type of trauma center (pediatric vs. adult) on outcomes remain unclear. A retrospective review of all patients ...
Roch P - - 2012
After 5 y of collecting data on diagnostic reference levels (DRLs), the Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection French Institute (IRSN) presents the analyses of this data. The analyses of the collected data for radiology, computed tomography (CT) and nuclear medicine allow IRSN to estimate the level of regulatory application by ...
Brown Jeremy - - 2012
This article outlines the results of a study which used an online survey to explore the career intentions of staff grade and associate specialist doctors in one region and their training needs to inform those managing the continued professional development of staff grade and associate specialist doctors.
Schiller M D - - 2012
The history of spinal cord injury (SCI) is long and fascinating. From Ancient Egypt to the current day, SCI has gradually shifted from being seen as an inevitably fatal condition, to one most amenable to treatment, albeit not yet cure. Several controversies have paved the path of this condition's history, ...
Rush Robert M RM - - 2012
Historically, complex extremity injuries, otherwise known as mangled extremities, have been difficult management problems. This is especially true in multiply-injured patients where many priorities exist and where amputation is considered a failure of limb salvage. Over the past decade, advances in the total management of complex extremity injuries, from the ...
Idris K M - - 2012
Pharmaceutical representatives are an important promotional tool for pharmaceutical companies. This cross-sectional, exploratory study aimed to determine pharmaceutical representatives' beliefs and practices about their professional practice in Sudan. A random sample of 160 pharmaceutical representatives were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire. The majority were male (84.4%) and had received training ...
Reid Duncan - - 2012
Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) separation injuries are common injuries among sporting populations. ACJ separations are graded according to severity from grade I being a mild sprain to grade VI, which is severe dislocation with displacement. There is consensus in the literature that grade I-III ACJ separations are managed conservatively and grades ...
Barrett Cassie - - 2012
Most athletic events present potential for abdominal trauma for their participants. The responsibility of the "most medical" professional at the event is to have the knowledge to recognize, treat, and properly manage these injuries. As these injuries are very different in nature from orthopedic injuries, the dangers presented are also ...
Boer Christa - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Prehospital management affects long-term outcome of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article reviews the current concepts and ongoing controversies of prehospital treatment of severe TBI. RECENT FINDINGS: Prehospital management focuses on the prevention of secondary brain injury and rapid transport to a neurotrauma center ...
Gilbar Peter - - 2012
Medication errors due to the inadvertent intrathecal administration of vincristine and other antineoplastic agents continue to occur despite the development of preventative strategies. Three fatalities due to bortezomib being accidentally given intrathecally instead of by the intended intravenous route have recently been reported by the European Medicines Agency. The most ...
Xiang Li - - 2012
A metabolomic approach based on liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight detector (LC-Q-TOF/MS) was developed to investigate the therapeutic mechanism of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) and a multi-component medicine polypill (consisting of simvastatin (Sim), atenolol (Ate), ramipril (Ram), hydrochlorthiazide (Hyd) and aspirin (Asp), named ...
Desapriya Ediriweera - - 2012
Objective: Previous research indicates that most vehicle occupants are unaware that a correctly adjusted, well-designed vehicular head restraint provides substantial protection against whiplash injuries. This study examined whether a brief educational intervention could improve awareness regarding whiplash injuries and prevention strategies among a cohort of vehicle fleet managers. Methods: A ...
Goiato Marcelo Coelho - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to report the prevention of facial reinjury of a volleyball player using a custom-made protective facial shield. A custom-made protective partial facial shield was fabricated using polymethylmethacrylate and was fitted with a soft lining material to provide additional comfort and protection to the ...
Lewis Erin R - - 2012
To offer a systematic review of the body of literature in the emerging field of telemedicine in the management of acute-phase injuries. We conducted a literature review. Telemedicine has only recently been applied to the specialties of trauma, emergency care, and surgery. The potential benefits of telemedicine include a decrease ...
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