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Durand Marie-Jose MJ University of Sherbrooke, Center for Action in Work Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Hôpital Charles-LeMoyne Research Center, Longueuil, Québec, - - 2014
Workplace absenteeism is still a curse for developed countries, and more systematic practices need to be adopted to address this issue. To review the literature on best practices for managing work absences related to musculoskeletal or common mental disorders. A review was conducted by performing a search in bibliographic databases ...
Ryu Young-Hwan - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of radiation workers to radiation safety management (RSM) using survey questionnaires. Radiation workers are those who handle radiation generators, radioactive isotopes, and other radioactive materials for industrial uses. The survey was distributed to 861 radiation workers between 1 August to 5 ...
Fayaz Said Hafizullah SH Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan. - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of health care workers (HCWs) towards universal precautions (UPs) and to look into any associations between knowledge and practice. A cross-sectional study was undertaken between August and October 2012, involving 300 HCWs from four national public hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan. A ...
Wallis Allan - - 2013
Outdoor workers are especially susceptible to skin cancer-the most common, but also one of the most preventable, forms of cancer. Colorado, the location of the study, has the second highest rate of skin cancer deaths in the nation. Local government managers in Colorado-in municipalities, counties, and special districts-were surveyed to ...
Jungert Tomas - - 2013
The purpose was to investigate the relationship between autonomy support by managers and co-workers and employees' work motivation and self-efficacy in two studies. In Study 1, a sample of 343 Swedish workers completed surveys, and in Study 2, we followed up with a subsample of 98 workers one year later. ...
Segwai P E PE Graduate School of Business and Government Leadership, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, South - - 2013
This study examines the attitudes towards disciplinary measures among managers and workers at the Bophelong psychiatric hospital, Mafikeng. This is based on the fact that undisciplined workforce may lead to disorder in the workplace and eventually to an organisation's failure to reach its objectives. From a population of four hundred ...
Mbaye Safiétou - - 2013
This article looks into how perceptions of experience-based analysis (EBA) influence causal explanations of accidents given by managers and workers in the chemical industry (n=409) and in the nuclear industry (n=222). The approach is based on the model of naive explanations of accidents (Kouabenan, 1999, 2006, 2009), which recommends taking ...
Madan I - - 2013
Background Although the incidence of type 1 latex allergy has decreased in recent years with the introduction of powder-free low-protein (PFLP) latex gloves, type 1 latex allergy is still commonly found among workers who use natural rubber latex (NRL) gloves at work. Aims To elucidate the optimal management of workers ...
Parker David L - - 2013
In the United States, approximately 236,000 people work in 37,600 auto collision-repair businesses. Workers in the collision-repair industry may be exposed to a wide range of physical and chemical hazards. This manuscript examines the relationship of safety climate as reported by collision repair shop workers and owners to: (1) an ...
Wachter Jan K - - 2013
The overall research objective was to theoretically and empirically develop the ideas around a system of safety management practices (ten practices were elaborated), to test their relationship with objective safety statistics (such as accident rates), and to explore how these practices work to achieve positive safety results (accident prevention) through ...
Mosher G A - - 2013
The safety climate of an agricultural workplace may be affected by several things, including the level of trust that workers have in their work group supervisor and organizational management. Safety climate has been used by previous safety researchers as a measure of worker perceptions of the relative importance of safety ...
Aldrich Thomas K TK Pulmonary Medicine Division, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, USA. - - 2013
Few longitudinal studies characterize firefighters’ pulmonary function. We sought to determine whether firefighters have excessive FEV(1) decline rates compared with control subjects. We examined serial measurements of FEV(1) from about 6 months prehire to about 5 years posthire in newly hired male, never smoking, non-Hispanic black and white firefighters, hired ...
Bhargava Aradhana - - 2013
The study aims to assess healthcare workers' needle-stick injury (NSI) knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP). A cross-sectional study was conducted in a 600-bedded hospital throughout six months. The data were collected using an anonymous, self-reporting questionnaire. Participants were various healthcare workers (HCW) drawn through stratified random sampling and their knowledge, ...
Lopes Silvia - - 2012
The increasing use of temporary work prompts the need to understand to what degree workers with this type of contract differ from permanent workers as to the relationship they establish with the organization they work for. This study used a sample of temporary workers (N = 78) and permanent workers ...
LipiƄska-Grobelny Agnieszka - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This current study investigates the effect of lean management system on work attitudes of workers of two manufacturing companies. "Lean management" is a concept of work processes and human relations that determines company's productivity and profitability. Workers of two enterprises, the first one with lean production and the second ...
Cohn Elizabeth Gross - - 2012
Current strategies for combating obesity include recent federal legislation mandating calorie count postings in chain restaurants. This study describes the current practice of menu board calorie postings in a low-income urban neighborhood, identifies the extent to which current practice complies with existing policy, and evaluates the practical utility of menu ...
Kaplan Warren A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Review the literature on the impact of policies designed to enhance uptake of generic medicines in low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: We searched for publications related to generic medicines policies (January 2000-March 2010) and did a bibliometric, descriptive analysis of the dataset in addition to an analysis ...
van Rooij Tibor - - 2012
Pharmacogenomics, driven by advances in genomics, helps to explain patients' individual variability in response to therapies. Personalized medicine, the application of the increasing understanding of pharmacogenomics, and information technology are intertwined from discovery to delivery at point of care, through to tracking clinical outcomes. Although exemplary cases of personalized medicine ...
Webb David J - - 2012
Clinical pharmacologists are the only medical specialists whose training focuses specifically on the safe, effective and cost-effective use of medicines, underpinned by an understanding of drug discovery, drug regulation, pharmacology, translational medicine and the performance of clinical trials. This unique perspective has allowed them to provide expertise and leadership in ...
Lenk Kathleen M - - 2012
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of college alcohol policies and practices and to identify patterns of policies/practices across colleges. Method: An online survey of administrators at a random sample of 351 4-year U.S. colleges was conducted in 2008. The prevalence of 31 alcohol policies ...
Zhu Shuguang - - 2012
The ever-increasing amount of waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) has become a global problem. In view of the deleterious effects of WEEE on the environment and the valuable materials that can be reused in them, many countries have focused their attention on the management of WEEE and the recovery ...
Edel Elizabeth Morell - - 2012
Validating existing count practices and reducing individual practice variance are necessary to decrease the risk for retained surgical items. A quality improvement project was undertaken at one large city hospital to identify best practice and eliminate variability in count practices. The project included an analysis of 20 surgical count policies ...
Sanmani L - - 2012
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in the UK. There are no national recommendations for assessment of DV in genitourinary (GU) medicine clinics. Bournemouth GU medicine clinic has a referral pathway for victims of DV. A postal questionnaire survey was carried out to determine whether GU medicine clinics across England and ...
Norris Susan L - - 2012
Conflict of interest (COI) of clinical practice guideline (CPG) sponsors and authors is an important potential source of bias in CPG development. The objectives of this study were to describe the COI policies for organizations currently producing a significant number of CPGs, and to determine if these policies meet 2011 ...
Menke Anne M - - 2012
This sample policy and procedure assumes there is a practice compliance officer and compliance committee. However, in some offices the manager or the physician will be the de facto "compliance officer". Therefore, it is assumed that duties and responsibilities in the sample policy will be assigned to meet the needs ...
Goldberg S Nahum - - 2011
Soundararajan et al (1) were able to demonstrate that combination therapy of radiofrequency (RF) ablation with rhenium 186 (186Re)--labeled liposomal doxorubicin resulted in better drug uptake and reduced tumor growth compared with other therapies tested in a rodent head and neck tumor model. In essence, this “triple” combination therapy of ...
Blancas F J - - 2011
This paper proposes an indicators system to analyse the sustainability of tourist activity at rural destinations in countries with a consolidated tourism sector. The proposed system aims at providing tourist managers and policy-makers with information to better understand the transition to sustainability at specific destinations and to encourage them to ...
Lu Jiaying - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of voluntary associations involved in forest management. The specific areas examined in this study include organizational attributes, membership profile, attitudes toward forest-management priorities, and concerns about forest-management issues. To achieve this purpose, data were collected using a case study ...
Bao Yan - - 2011
Inhibition of return (IOR) refers to a delayed responding to targets appeared at previously cued location relative to an uncued novel location. In a recent study, Bao and Pöppel [1] reported a functional dissociation of inhibitory processing in the visual field with much stronger IOR magnitude in the far periphery ...
Read Andrew D - - 2011
A comprehensive list of planning criteria for optimizing compliance in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) was compiled and used to compare the views of recreational fishers and compliance officers for facilitating voluntary compliance in the Port Stephens - Great Lakes Marine Park (PSGLMP). Expert working groups were tasked separately with: 1) ...
Gleeson Tom - - 2011
The sustainability of crucial earth resources, such as groundwater, is a critical issue. We consider groundwater sustainability a value-driven process of intra- and intergenerational equity that balances the environment, society, and economy. Synthesizing hydrogeological science and current sustainability concepts, we emphasize three sustainability approaches: setting multigenerational sustainability goals, backcasting, and ...
Record Janet - - 2011
: To better understand and characterize the challenges facing internal medicine from the perspective of internal medicine residency program directors. : In 2007, internal medicine program directors were surveyed by the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM). An open-ended question asked: "What are your major concerns regarding internal ...
Oshita Kazushige - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of low-frequency force steadiness practice in the plantar flexor muscles on postural sway during quiet standing. Healthy young 21 men (21±1 yrs) were randomly assigned to a practice group (n=14) and a nonexercising control group (n=7). Practice groups were divided ...
Bhatt Maala - - 2010
The objectives were to explore the tolerance of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians for risk in choosing when to perform procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) and to describe adherence to preprocedural fasting guidelines and factors affecting the physicians' decisions. A survey of Canadian PEM physicians who perform PSA was conducted. ...
Horii Ikuo - - 2010
The theory of Darwinian Medicine linked to an extension of Darwin's evolutionary theory is based on the approach from the aspect of "why we become ill?".This theory enables us to understand the relationship between humans and diseases by thinking from evolutional perspective, shows an important help for preventive medicine, and ...
Carey Hilary M - - 2010
Interrogations and elections were two branches of Arabic judicial astrology made available in Latin translation to readers in western Europe from the twelfth century. Through an analysis of the theory and practice of interrogations and elections, including the writing of the Jewish astrologer Sahl b. Bishr, this essay considers the ...
Walsh Chris - - 2011
Investing in an Automated Compound Management System (ACMS) is a major investment and it is therefore imperative that return on investment is maximized. This article will demonstrate how the life cycle of an ACMS can be managed effectively to drive system efficiency, reduce costs, and meet customer demand to maximize ...
Kinsella Elizabeth Anne - - 2010
Reflective practice is one of the most popular theories of professional knowledge in the last 20 years and has been widely adopted by nursing, health, and social care professions. The term was coined by Donald Sch?n in his influential books The Reflective Practitioner, and Educating the Reflective Practitioner, and has ...
Zampieri Fabio - - 2009
Contemporary Darwinian medicine is a still-expanding new discipline, one of whose principal aims is to arrive at an evolutionary understanding of those aspects of the body that leave it vulnerable to disease. Historically, there was a precedent for this research; between 1880 and 1940, several scientists tried to develop some ...
Haselton Martie G - - 2009
We argue that many evolved biases produced through selective forces described by error management theory are likely to entail misbeliefs. We illustrate our argument with the male sexual overperception bias. A misbelief could create motivational impetus for courtship, overcome the inhibiting effects of anxiety about rejection, and in some cases ...
Ursin Holger - - 2009
This paper attempts to argue for a consistent trend in a research spanning more than fifty years, starting in the exciting neuroscience environment in the Anatomical Institute at the University of Oslo, and presently to be found as an active behavioral medicine unit in Bergen. The most comprehensive theoretical result ...
Tavormina M Teresa - - 2009
A medieval English text on the theory and practice of uroscopic analysis is found in British Library, Sloane MS 280, and Cambridge, St. John's College MS B.16. The treatise, the title of which is given in the fuller and earlier copy in Sloane 280 as "Barton's Urines Which He Treated ...
Clark Pamela - - 2009
Although burnout in the helping professions is well documented, few studies have examined the phenomenon of the resilient therapist. This study used a grounded theory methodology to construct a theory of therapist resilience. The participants were eight licensed marital and family therapists: five females, three males, all Caucasian, with an ...
Jiménez Juan Pablo - - 2009
The central objective of this presentation is to reflect on the obstacles involved in the task proposed by the Chicago Congress, which is to explore convergences and divergences in psychoanalytic practice. The author discusses two major obstacles. First, the epistemological and methodological problems in relation to the construction of theory ...
Hyllegard Randy - - 2008
This study examined three assumptions of the theory of deliberate practice for practice playing music on an electronic keyboard. 40 undergraduate students, divided into two separate groups, practiced one of two music sequences and rated the relevance of practice for improving performance on the sequences, the amount of effort needed ...
Bertelloni Silvano - - 2008
Hormonal treatment represents the principal aspect of clinical management of people with disorders of sex development (DSD) from adolescence onwards. In fact, individuals with DSD may require sex steroid replacement to induce secondary sex characteristics, to optimize bone mass accrual, and to promote physical and social well-being. Testosterone is the ...
Vithoulkas George - - 2008
Homeopathy is being attacked by the British media. These attacks draw support from irresponsible and unjustified claims by certain teachers of homeopathy. Such claims include the use of 'dream' and 'imaginative' methods for provings. For prescribing some such teachers attempt to replace the laborious process of matching symptom picture and ...
Ohnishi S Tsuyoshi - - 2009
Ki (in Japanese) or Qi (in Chinese) is the key concept in Eastern medicine, Eastern philosophy, as well as in martial arts. We explain the philosophical and psychological background of Ki. We emphasize that the unique aspects of Eastern philosophy are 'non-linearity' and 'holistic' approach. We then present physics aspect ...
Dominguez Torres, Gloria
This study sought to describe, analyze, and interpret how forest owners engage (or do not engage) in the management of their properties. A Grounded Theory Approach (Glaser and Strauss 1967; Charmaz 2006) was used to build an emergent theory though descriptive and interpretational analysis.
Benjafield John G - - 2008
In an article in this journal, Nicholas Pastore rejected Ludwig Wittgenstein's critique of Wolfgang Köhler and Gestalt psychology. Pastore appears not to have appreciated Wittgenstein's argument that Köhler mistook conceptual questions for factual ones. A simi-lar confusion seems to underlie at least some aspects of contemporary neuroscience. Be that as ...
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