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Dylst Pieter P a Researcher, KU Leuven Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences , Leuven , - - 2014
This study explored the use of generic medicines among elders in Belgium. The generic market share by volume for elders in 2010 was 23.1%, while this was 23.7% for the total Belgian population in 2009. Pharmaceutical expenditure in Belgium was €649.74/capita for elders in 2010. Calculations of possible savings through ...
Chu Derek H DH Department of Dermatology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 2 Maloney Building, 3600 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2014
The authors herein describe several nail conditions, which the general pediatrician is likely to encounter in the course of routine practice. Because pediatric nail disorders represent a limited component of a general pediatric practice, it can be challenging for practitioners to establish expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of these ...
Hollon Steven D SD Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240; email: - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are intended to improve mental, behavioral, and physical health by promoting clinical practices that are based on the best available evidence. The American Psychological Association (APA) is committed to generating patient-focused CPGs that are scientifically sound, clinically useful, and informative for psychologists, other health professionals, training ...
Dunne Suzanne S Centre for Interventions in Infection, Inflammation and Immunity (4i) and Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study is the first comparative assessment, internationally, of perceptions of generic medicines between general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists in at least the last decade. One-to-one semi-structured interviews were performed with 34 GPs and 44 community pharmacists in Ireland. Interviews were transcribed and qualitative analyses were performed using NVivo (version ...
Ding Ding - - 2014
Yoga is a holistic practice that may offer several health benefits. No study has examined the prevalence, temporal trends, or correlates of yoga practice at the population level in a European country and very few such studies exist worldwide. The objective of the study is to examine the prevalence, trends ...
Carl Rebecca L RL 1Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Background. Sports-related concussions disproportionately affect young athletes. The primary objective of our study was to determine Illinois pediatricians' level of familiarity with state concussion legislation and with published consensus guidelines for sports concussion diagnosis and treatment. We also sought to determine pediatricians' knowledge regarding concussion management and comfort treating sports ...
Murphy Kerry - - 2014
Dementia is a growing problem, causing substantial burden for patients, their families, and society. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in diagnosing and managing dementia; however, there are gaps between recommended and current practice. The aim of this study was to explore GPs' reported practice in diagnosing and managing ...
Donnelly Jennifer C JC Dept. Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin 1, - - 2014
Abstract Objective Our survey aimed to identify knowledge and application of guidelines in the United States by assessing practicing obstetricians and gynecologists (OBGYN) use of thromboprophylaxis, preferred methods, and whether their type of practice influenced their choices. Study Design A cross sectional survey of fellows of the American College of ...
Lazaro Deana D From the *VA-New York Harbor Healthcare System; †SUNY Downstate Medical Center; and ‡Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to survey members of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) regarding intra-articular and soft tissue (musculoskeletal [MSK]) injections and to determine if injection techniques vary depending on type of practice and years of experience. A survey was e-mailed to the members of the ACR ...
de Wet Carl C General Practice & Primary Care, Institute of Health & Wellbeing, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Science, University of Glasgow, - - 2014
BACKGROUND The 'never event' concept has been implemented in many acute hospital settings to help prevent serious patient safety incidents. Benefits include increasing awareness of highly important patient safety risks among the healthcare workforce, promoting proactive implementation of preventive measures, and facilitating incident reporting. AIM To develop a preliminary list ...
Kogelman Laura L Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, - - 2014
As international travel increases, many health care professionals are being asked to provide pre-travel advice. We designed an anonymous web-based survey to assess the extent to which primary care providers (PCPs) provide travel medicine advice and how their understanding and delivery of itinerary-specific advice and management compare with that of ...
Gunaratnam Praveena P BA (Hons), MSc Public Health, NSW Public Health Officer Training Program and School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Zoonotic infections such as Q fever, brucellosis and leptospirosis can lead to serious complications but pose diagnostic and management challenges to general practitioners (GPs) as patients often present with non-specific symptoms such as fever. To develop a tool to assist GPs in the diagnosis and management of common zoonotic infections ...
Cornelis M - - 2014
According to the Federal Institution of Health Insurance, ENT doctors perform more skin prick tests for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR) than other medical specialties in Belgium. However, immunotherapy (IT) is not practiced by all. This study aims to obtain insight into IT practice by ENT doctors, the type ...
Jackel D D Division of Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2014
Recent years have seen a rapid growth in the number of advanced trainees pursuing general medicine as a specialty. This reflects an awareness of the need for broader training experiences to equip future consultant physicians with the skills to manage the healthcare challenges arising from the demographic trends of ageing ...
Bates Lyndel L a Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland (CARRS-Q) , Queensland University of Technology , 130 Victoria Park Road , Kelvin Grove , Qld , 4059 , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: While many jurisdictions internationally now require learner drivers to complete a specified number of hours of supervised driving practice before being able to drive unaccompanied, very few require learner drivers to complete a log book to record this practice and then present it to the licensing authority. Learner ...
Nordberg Eva M - - 2014
Conscientious objection has spurred impassioned debate in many Western countries. Some Norwegian general practitioners (GPs) refuse to refer for abortion. Little is know about how the GPs carry out their refusals in practice, how they perceive their refusal to fit with their role as professionals, and how refusals impact patients. ...
Letulé Valerie V Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Ludwig Maximilian University, DE-80337 Munich, - - 2014
Misunderstanding and stigmatisation are common problems encountered by patients with hand eczema. Various misconceptions about the disease circulate in the general population. Although hand eczema has gained more attention in dermatology during the past years, information on public perception of the disease is still lacking. The aim of our study ...
Awaisu Ahmed A College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar, - - 2014
Background The practice of generic medicines prescribing, dispensing and substitution in developing countries has been controversial among healthcare professionals, particularly due to issues on quality, safety and efficacy. These controversies are as a result of inter-country differences in policies and laws as well as individualized knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists ...
Jones Kay K Monash University, Office of the Pro Vice-Chancellor, Peninsula Campus, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
BackgroundThe use of medical chaperones during clinical examinations is important whether one practises as a specialist, nurse, medical student or generalist. Chaperone use in general practice remains largely unknown in most countries across the world and, what is known is limited to a handful of countries. Their use in Australian ...
Maio S S CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, - - 2014
Abstract Background: guideline recommendations for COPD management are only partially applied within primary care clinical practice. Objective: to compare the COPD management by Italian General Practitioners (GPs) according to either the old GOLD (oGOLD) or the new GOLD (nGOLD) guidelines. Research design and methods: observational study in different Italian areas. ...
Gray Bimbi B School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University , East Lismore, New South Wales, Australia - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Integrative medicine (IM) is a recent phenomenon within primary care practice. It is defined variously as a process of integration or convergence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with mainstream medicine or as the incorporation of alternative therapies into mainstream medical practice. Little is known about the attitude ...
Dunne Suzanne S Centre for Interventions in Infection, Inflammation and Immunity (4i), Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, - - 2014
In an attempt to benefit from the cost-savings associated with use of generic medicines, in June 2013 Ireland introduced generic substitution and reference pricing for the first time. However, perceptions of Irish patients towards generic medicines have not been published previously. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess ...
Norton Wynne E WE Dr. Norton is an assistant professor, Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at - - 2014
/st> Documenting the gap between what is occurring in clinical practice and what published research findings suggest should be happening is an important step toward improving care. The authors conducted a study to quantify the concordance between clinical practice and published evidence across preventive, diagnostic and treatment procedures among a ...
Towfic Fadi F Immuneering Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
For decades, policies regarding generic medicines have sought to provide patients with economical access to safe and effective drugs, while encouraging the development of new therapies. This balance is becoming more challenging for physicians and regulators as biologics and non-biological complex drugs (NBCDs) such as glatiramer acetate demonstrate remarkable efficacy, ...
Lert France F INSERM U1018, Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Homeopathic care has not been well documented in terms of its impact on patients' utilization of drugs or other complementary and alternative medicines (CAM). The objective of this study was to describe and compare patients who visit physicians in general practice (GPs) who prescribe only conventional medicines (GP-CM), regularly prescribe ...
Rivera Claudia C Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN-Managua) Lund - - 2014
This paper analyses the perceptions of disaster risk reduction (DRR) practitioners concerning the on-going integration of climate change adaptation (CCA) into their practices in urban contexts in Nicaragua. Understanding their perceptions is important as this will provide information on how this integration can be improved. Exploring the perceptions of practitioners ...
Meyer Samantha B SB University of Waterloo, School of Health and Health System, 200 University Ave West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. - - 2014
Nutrition education for cardiovascular disease (CVD) management is not effective for all population groups. There is little understanding of the factors that hinder patients from adhering to dietary recommendations. 37 interviews were conducted with people living with CVD in Adelaide, Australia. Recruitment occurred via General Practitioner (GP) clinics and hospital ...
Caley Michael M Public Health Warwickshire, - - 2014
BACKGROUND General practices in the UK receive incentive payments for managing patients with selected chronic conditions under the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) scheme. Payments are made when a negotiated threshold percentage of patients receive the appropriate intervention. AIM From 2013-2014 in England the Department of Health has proposed that ...
Egidi Günther G General Practitioner, Bremen, Germany ; speaker on medical education DEGAM, Bremen, - - 2014
Background: Whilst the structure of primary care vocational training in Germany is being increasingly formalized there remains an abundance of disparate locally defined criteria for the training practices. Advanced medical training in the ambulatory setting has also been identified as an area of need by other specialties. Goal: In contrast ...
Thepwongsa Isaraporn I Department of General Practice, School of Primary Health Care, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2014
The gap between current and evidence-based best practice management of chronic diseases in Australian general practice is widely acknowledged. This study seeks to explore some of the factors underpinning this gap in relation to type 2 diabetes management in rural and remote general practice settings. A cross-sectional survey of 854 ...
Norman Armando Henrique - - 2014
This article explores some effects of the British payment for performance model on general practitioners' principles and practice, which may contribute to issues related to financial incentive modalities and quality of primary healthcare services in low and middle-income countries. Aiming to investigate what general practitioners have to say about the ...
Hancock Helen C HC Durham Clinical Trials Unit, School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Durham University, Queen's Campus, Wolfson Research Institute, Stockton-on-Tees, - - 2014
To explore changes in healthcare professionals' views about the diagnosis and management of heart failure since a study in 2003. Focus groups and a national online cross-sectional survey. Focus groups (n=8 with a total of 56 participants) were conducted in the North East of England using a phenomenological framework and ...
Nash Kent D KD Consultant, President, Nash & Associates, Inc, Millican, - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to review data and results from past surveys of prosthodontists sponsored and conducted by the American College of Prosthodontists. Surveys were conducted in 2002, 2005, 2008, and 2011. Selected survey results are examined for prosthodontists in private practice. Results from past surveys of prosthodontists ...
Greenhalgh Trisha T Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2004, the English Department of Health introduced a technology (Choose and Book) designed to help general practitioners and patients book hospital outpatient appointments. It was anticipated that remote booking would become standard practice once technical challenges were overcome. But despite political pressure and financial incentives, Choose and Book remained ...
Lane-Fall Meghan B MB University of Pennsylvania, Center for Healthcare Improvement and Patient Safety, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States ; - - 2013
PURPOSE What is known about physician handoffs is almost entirely limited to resident practice, but attending physicians ultimately determine care plans and goals of care. This study sought to understand what is unique about attending intensivist handoffs, to identify perceptions of the ideal content and format of ICU attending handoffs ...
Sirdifield Coral - - 2013
Benzodiazepines are often prescribed long-term inappropriately. We aimed to systematically review and meta-synthesise qualitative studies exploring clinicians' experiences and perceptions of benzodiazepine prescribing to build an explanatory model of processes underlying current prescribing practices. We searched seven electronic databases for qualitative studies in Western primary care settings published in a ...
Moriarity Andrew K AK Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are many reported generational differences regarding workplace motivators, but these have not been previously studied in radiologists. The aim of this study was to assess for generational differences in workplace satisfaction and desired workplace characteristics among practicing radiologists. An electronic survey distributed to ACR, Society of Chairs of Academic ...
Smyth Alan R AR Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
Intravenous aminoglycoside antibiotics are widely used to treat pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). Over the last decade evidence has accumulated showing that the choice of aminoglycoside and the dosing regimen may help reduce adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity. We undertook an online survey to ...
Rodriguez Limael E - - 2013
Much of the success of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) can be attributed to the second-generation HeartMate II (Thoratec, Pleasanton, CA, USA), which is the most commonly used device to date. The latest generation of LVADs is currently undergoing clinical trials worldwide. Developers have focused on improving the limitations of ...
Van Hoecke Helen - - 2013
Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a prevalent problem in general practice. The first evidence-based guidelines for AR, the ARIA guidelines, were published and have been updated repeatedly since 2001 in order to improve the care of AR patients. Very limited information, however, is available on the impact of these guidelines ...
Amici Gianpaolo G Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, S. Maria di Cà Foncello Hospital, Treviso - - - 2013
The results obtained from the positioning and management of the catheter for peritoneal dialysis depend on the techniques used, but also and above all, on the experience of the practitioners. A comparison between practitioners may help to change their convictions, as well as to further improve results, in the interests ...
Awodele Olufunsho - - 2013
Background: The requirements and methods for research and evaluation of the safety and efficacy of herbal medicines are more complex than those for conventional pharmaceuticals. In addition to the aforementioned and contrary to the general belief that herbal medicines are safe and despite the profound therapeutic advantages possessed by medicinal ...
Chapman S C E - - 2013
Nonadherence to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) can result in suboptimal outcomes for patients. This study aimed to assess the utility of a theory-based approach to understanding patient perspectives on AEDs and adherence. Patients with epilepsy, identified by a GP case note review, were mailed validated questionnaires assessing their perceptions of AEDs ...
Merglen Arnaud - - 2013
Sport practice is widely encouraged, both in guidelines and in clinical practice, because of its broad range of positive effects on health. However, very limited evidence directly supports this statement among adolescents and the sport duration that we should recommend remains unknown. We aimed to determine sport durations that were ...
Dixon Damon B - - 2013
To assess the awareness and implementation of lipid guidelines among primary pediatric providers. An online survey was administered to primary pediatric providers (n = 1488): pediatricians, family medicine/general practitioners, and advanced practitioners (nurse practitioners/physician assistants) in Minnesota. The survey was conducted over 12 weeks in 2012-2013. A multiple-choice questionnaire was ...
Peate Ian - - 2013
Those working in all sectors of health and social care-statutory, independent and voluntary settings-will have some kind of interaction or engagement with general practice, some more than others. People depend on the services that are provided by general practitioners (GPs) and others who work in general practice. What happens in ...
Farthing Michael Jg MJ University of Sussex, Brighton, - - 2013
Nicholas Culpeper is often regarded as an ill-disciplined, maverick, mid-17th century herbalist and the father of contemporary alternative medicine. There are elements of this statement that have some truth but to dismiss his contribution to the development of health provision in London at the time would be a great injustice. ...
Auta Asa - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the views of pharmacists in North-Central Nigeria on generic medicines and generic substitution practices. Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 4 cities in North-Central Nigeria from April to June 2012 among 330 pharmacists in hospital and community pharmacy settings, recruited through a convenience sampling ...
Furuya Shinichi - - 2013
Transfer of learning facilitates the efficient mastery of various skills without practicing all possible sensory-motor repertoires. The present study assessed whether motor practice at a submaximal speed, which is typical in sports and music performance, results in an increase in a maximum speed of finger movements of trained and untrained ...
Lambert Trevor - - 2013
In the UK many practising GPs did not choose general practice as their first choice of career when they originally graduated as doctors. To compare job satisfaction of GPs who chose general practice early or later in their career. Questionnaires were sent to all UK-trained doctors who graduated in selected ...
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