Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 690
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Klippi A - - 2012
Aims: The objective of this article is to discover and document the state of clinical practices for aphasia therapy in Finland and to gather information for developing national best practice. Methods: Two surveys were administered in Finland that explored current clinical practices in aphasia rehabilitation and the resources available to ...
McConnell Douglas J - - 2012
In the fall of 1999, the Institute of Medicine released "To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System," a sobering report on the safety of the American healthcare industry. This work and others like it have ushered in an era where the science of quality assurance has quickly become ...
Secher Niels - - 2012
Implementation of new guidelines into clinical practice is often incomplete. Direct mail is a simple way of providing information to physicians and may improve implementation of new guidelines on basic life support (BLS). The aim of this study was to describe knowledge of the most recent European Resuscitation Council (ERC) ...
McInnes Colin W - - 2012
Some argue that the specialty of plastic surgery is facing a changing identity. Challenged by factors such as increasing competition in the cosmetic marketplace and decreasing reimbursement for reconstructive procedures, many American plastic surgeons have increasingly adopted cosmetic-focused practices. The present study investigated the currently unknown practice profiles of Canadian ...
Grimaldi-Bensouda Lamiae - - 2012
To describe and compare patients seeking treatment for sleep, anxiety and depressive disorders (SADD) from physicians in general practice (GPs) with three different practice preferences: strictly conventional medicine (GP-CM), mixed complementary and conventional medicine (GP-Mx) and certified homeopathic physicians (GP-Ho). The EPI3 survey was a nationwide, observational study of a ...
Cheong Jadeera Phaik Geok - - 2012
To overcome the weakness of the contextual interference (CI) effect within applied settings, Brady, 2008 recommended that the amount of interference be manipulated. This study investigated the effect of five practice schedules on the learning of three field hockey skills. Fifty-five pre-university students performed a total of 90 trials for ...
Snyder Erin D - - 2011
Little is known about how faculty, residents, and fellows practice for oral presentations at academic meetings. We sought to categorize presenters' practice styles and the impact of feedback. We surveyed oral presenters at 5 annual academic general internal medicine meetings between 2008 and 2010, using a cross-sectional design. Main measures ...
Litchy Andrew P - - 2011
ABSTRACT The use of Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is increasing in the United States; there is a need for physician level practitioners who possess extensive training in both CAM and conventional medicine. Naturopathic physicians possess training that allows integration of modern scientific knowledge and the age-old wisdom of natural ...
Thaver Ali M - - 2011
Changing environmental conditions have increased the transmission period for both dengue and malaria. Annual incidence of malaria in 2006 alone was 247 million cases leading to nearly 881 000 deaths; whereas another 50 to 100 million dengue infections, associated with an overall mortality of 2.5%, are expected each year. In ...
Clerc Isabelle - - 2011
General practitioners' (GPs') use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) may be influenced by various contextual and attitudinal factors. This study examines general attitudes toward CPGs to establish profiles according to these attitudes and to determine if these profiles are associated with awareness and with use of CPGs in daily practice. ...
Bril Silviu - - 2011
Bowel dysfunction, mainly constipation, is a well-known and anticipated side effect of opioids. The physician prescribing an opioid frequently confronts the challenge of preventing and treating bowel dysfunction. Different strategies have emerged for managing opioid-induced constipation. These strategies include physical activity, maintaining adequate fluid intake, adhering to regular daily bowel ...
Butrick Morgan - - 2011
Translational investigation on personalized medicine is in its infancy. Exploratory studies reveal attitudinal barriers to "race-based medicine" and cautious optimism regarding genetically personalized medicine. This study describes patient responses to hypothetical conventional, race-based, or genetically personalized medicine prescriptions. Three hundred eighty-seven participants (mean age = 47 years; 46% white) recruited ...
Pinxten W J L - - 2011
Indonesia has one of the fastest growing, injecting drugs user-driven, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in Asia. Coverage of needle and syringe programs (NSPs), opioid substitution therapy (OST), and antiretroviral treatment (ART) is increasing, but is still low, whereas professional training in addiction medicine is not yet established. Urgent development ...
Chatterjee Bijoya - - 2011
The concept of personalized medicine has been around for as long as people have been practicing medicine. From Charaka to Hippocrates, all have practiced the personalized approach for treating a disease. In the 21(st) century, personalized medicine is all about DNA. Whereas the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and epigenetic factors ...
Sharrock Gavin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: An evidence-based approach to the practice of urology relies on the accumulation of a body of evidence from clinical research. Ethical publishing has a major role to play in building confidence in the compiled evidence, which can lead to the development of clinical practice guidelines and new treatment paradigms. ...
Flanagan Dennis - - 2011
Abstract EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE OR PRACTICE BASED EVIDENCE?
Allen Elizabeth S - - 2011
Public interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has grown over the past decade, accompanied by increased demand for evidence-based approaches to CAM practice. In order to define the role evidence-based decision making has in CAM practice, CAM professionals must have a full understanding of evidence-based medicine (EBM) concepts. This ...
Andrysek Jan - - 2011
Background: The importance of evidence-based practice is being recognized across a broad range of healthcare disciplines as a means for improving patient outcomes and also efficiently managing healthcare resources. Objective: The objective of this work was to obtain information from clinicians about the underlying barriers and facilitators relating to evidence-based ...
Rossi Gp - - 2011
Synopsis: The following features contribute towards making Evidence-Based Management of Hypertension a remarkable book: authors who are recognized experts in their fields provide updated comprehensive information on many aspects of the complex management of arterial hypertension; compilation of the chapters was according to the criteria of evidence-based medicine, thus critically ...
Irani Shayan - - 2011
Gastric varices are less prevalent than esophageal varices, but are associated with an increased mortality with each bleeding episode. This review describes the portal hemodynamics, classification, and management of gastric varices. Management options are outlined based on the most recent literature and according to the clinical presentation of acutely bleeding ...
Volpe Diana I - - 2011
Incorporating evidence-based guidelines will help clinicians reduce repeat visits.
Shelton Jeremy B - - 2011
As healthcare spending in the United States continues to rise at an unsustainable rate, recent policy decisions introduced at the national level will rely on precepts of evidence-based medicine to promote the determination, dissemination, and delivery of "best practices" or quality care while simultaneously reducing cost. We discuss the influence ...
Sointu Eeva - - 2011
This article is premised on the importance of locating the appeal and meaning of alternative and complementary medicines in the context of gendered identities. I argue that the discourse of wellbeing - captured in many alternative and complementary health practices - is congruent with culturally prevalent ideals of self-fulfilling, authentic, ...
Heiwe Susanne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st> To explore dieticians', occupational therapists' and physical therapists' attitudes, beliefs, knowledge and behaviour concerning evidence-based practice within a university hospital setting. DESIGN: /st> Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: /st> University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: /st> All dieticians, occupational therapists and physical therapists employed at a Swedish university hospital (n = 306) of ...
Hall Helen G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine by childbearing women is becoming increasingly popular in industrialised countries. The aim of this is paper is to review the research literature investigating the midwives' support for the use of these therapies. METHOD: A search for relevant research ...
Estes Joanne - - 2011
Abstract Aims: The aim of this study was to describe the perspectives on occupation-based practice of 22 pediatric occupational therapists in a medical facility in the Midwestern United States. Methods: The study used a grounded theory approach to analyze the individual, semi-structured interviews of 22 pediatric occupational therapists. Transcripts were ...
Aguiar Júnior Nelson dos Reis Ndos - - 2011
Complementary or Alternative Medicine is defined as a form of therapy that has no scientific basis or proven effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of such therapies for pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis at the University Hospital of Brasília, in the period ...
Harrigan J T - - 2011
The objective of the study was to determine the extent of complementary and alternative medicine use and the disclosure of that use by patients seeing an obstetrician/gynaecologist. Data from the National Health Interview Survey of the USA 2007 were reviewed. Of the 2,673 women seeing an obstetrician/gynaecologist 956 (35.8%) used ...
Chen Wei W Centre For Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, - - 2011
Chinese herbal medicine is frequently used for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy in China. Many controlled trials have been undertaken to investigate its efficacy. To assess the beneficial effects and harms of Chinese herbal medicine for people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. We searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group Specialized Register (15 ...
Carlson Linda - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify the critical behaviors of supervisors for the successful implementation of evidence-based practice in adult mental health. Experts who work with supervisors to support implementation in three evidence-based practices were surveyed. The three evidence-based practices included Assertive Community Treatment, Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment, ...
Watine Joseph - - 2011
The concept of evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been invented by physicians mostly from English Canada, mostly from McMaster University, Ontario, Canada. The term EBM first appeared in the biomedical literature in 1991 in an article written by a prominent member of this group-Gordon Guyatt from McMaster University. The inventors of ...
Saengcharoen Woranuch - - 2010
to compare practice behaviour and attitudes of pharmacy personnel in the management of childhood diarrhoea between type I (requiring a pharmacist to be on duty) and type II (pharmacist not required) pharmacies, between those surveyed in 2008 and in 2001, and between new-generation (graduation ≤ 10 years) and old-generation (graduation ...
Pirotta Marie - - 2010
Integrative medicine is a holistic approach to patient care that utilises both conventional and complementary therapy. This article compares the demographics of Australian general practitioners who do, and those who do not, practise integrative medicine, and their perceptions and knowledge about complementary medicines. A postal survey sent to a random ...
Gruszczynski Adam B - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) is a common condition in primary care with 1% of the population self-reporting this condition. Mortality is substantial, approaching 40% to 50% over 5 years. Heart failure is a complex syndrome in which abnormal heart function results in, or increases the subsequent risk of, clinical symptoms and ...
Al-Qudimat Mohammad R - - 2011
al-qudimat m.r., rozmus c.l., & farhan n. (2011) Family strategies for managing childhood cancer: using complementary and alternative medicine in Jordan. Journal of Advanced Nursing 67(3), 591-597. ABSTRACT: Aim.  This paper is a report of a study that examined the use of complementary and alternative medicine therapies among children with cancer in ...
Yan Xiu-feng - - 2010
An evidence-based practice method according to literature retrieval through PICO (Patients, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) questions and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) topics, which can obtain helpful evidence for guiding clinical practice, was introduced with a practical example in this paper. The knowledge of diseases and Western medicine treatment can be ...
Küçükgüçlü Ozlem - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate use of complementary and alternative medicines, and factors that affect use of these agents, in individuals with diabetes. This cross-sectional and descriptive study was performed at the outpatient clinics of four hospitals in Turkey with 396 diabetic individuals between October 2006 and ...
Karthikeyan Ganesan - - 2010
There is a popular perception that clinical judgement and evidence-based medicine are at loggerheads with each other. We examine the concepts of evidence and judgment as applied to clinical practice, and attempt to understand the reasons behind this imaginary divide.
Visvanathan V - - 2010
Otalgia is a common presenting symptom to the ENT clinic. The aetiology of otalgia can be divided into otological and referred depending on its underlying pathology. This article aims to provide a systematic and evidence-based method of managing a patient with referred otalgia. The data in this article are based ...
Åneman A - - 2010
The Board of the Scandinavian Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI) decided in 2008 to undertake a survey among members of the SSAI aiming at exploring some key points of training, professional activities and definitions of the specialty. A web-based questionnaire was used to capture core data on ...
Neumann M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance and the barriers of physician empathy in medical rehabilitation by conducting a narrative literature review and a qualitative survey in physicians. First, we described the current state of research of physician empathy in medical rehabilitation based on a narrative (non-systematic) ...
Linhao Ma - - 2010
This article describes the differences in training and departmental function between the specialties of emergency medicine in China and acute medicine in the U.K., based on the experience of a visiting international medical graduate from Shanghai.
Lewis David J - - 2010
A survey of storm runoff fecal coliform bacteria (FCB) from working farm and ranch pastures is presented in conjunction with a survey of FCB in manure management systems (MMS). The cross-sectional survey of pasture runoff was conducted on 34 pastures on five different dairies over 2 yr under varying conditions ...
Dorea F C - - 2010
The integrated commercial poultry system is a highly connected network in which routine activities keep farms within a geographic area in constant contact. Consequently, biosecurity practices designed to minimize the transmission of infectious diseases between and within farms are an important component of modern flock health programs. A survey of ...
Humphreys Barry Kim - - 2010
With the start of a new chiropractic program in the faculty of medicine, University of Zürich, an in-depth look at chiropractic practice in Switzerland was needed to help direct the undergraduate and postgraduate education. The purposes of this study were (1) to identify specific characteristics of chiropractic practice in Switzerland ...
White Suzanne R - - 2010
To date, there appear to be no studies that assess Medical Toxicologists' (MTs) practice improvement (PI) activities in their Medical Toxicology practice settings. The MT Assessment of Practice Performance (APP) Taskforce queried all MT diplomates about (1) activities currently available in their practice settings that potentially would meet the requirements ...
Merguerian Paul A - - 2010
PURPOSE: Controversy exists in ureterocele management and the literature lacks clear management guidelines. We surveyed pediatric urologists to understand practice patterns and perceptions of managing duplicated system intravesical ureterocele. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey consisted of 3 case scenarios, including upper pole obstruction without reflux, ureterocele without hydronephrosis and reflux ...
Moore Amber - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how prepared Chinese medicine (CM) students perceive themselves to enter the workforce. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate perceptions of preparedness for clinical practice of final-year CM students in Australia. DESIGN: The study design consisted of a written survey focusing on eight ...
Wilk Victor - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is common, but sufferers pursue a range of management options and only some seek professional advice. This study examines how Australian consumers report that they manage LBP, with emphasis on the extent to which their practices match clinical recommendations and guidelines. METHODS: A self-reported cross-sectional ...
- - 2010
A recent survey of ED managers shows that volumes continue to increase, and more of the same is expected in 2010. However, there are several strategies ED managers can use to help offset the steady flow of new patients. They include: Placing a physician in triage during the ED's busiest ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >