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Kerr Andrew J AJ Senior Clinical Specialist (National Lead for Compression) and Honorary Tissue Viability Nurse, - - 2014
Exudate plays a vital role in wound healing by providing the wound with nutrients and creating an essential moist wound healing environment. However, high levels of exudate can become problematic and, in some wounds, increased levels of exudate can then become detrimental to wound healing and the surrounding tissue. This ...
Sussman Geoff G Geoff Sussman OAM, JP, PhC, FACP, FAIPM, FPS, FAWMA, Associate Professor, Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
Chronic leg ulcers caused by venous disease, arterial disease or a combination of both need to be clearly identified before treatment can be commenced. Their management will depend on the diagnosis, combining direct management of the ulcer as well as management of patient factors. Other chronic wounds commonly observed in ...
Gupta Shailvi S Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco East Bay, Oakland, CA, USA; Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Surgeons OverSeas (SOS), New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Importance: More than 90% of thermal injury-related deaths occur in low-resource settings. While baseline assessment of burn management capabilities is necessary to guide capacity building strategies, limited data exists from low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Objective: The objective of our review is to assess burn management capacity in LMICs. Evidence ...
Nwachukwu Benedict U BU Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA - - 2014
As increasing attention is paid to the cost of health care delivered in the United States (US), cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) are gaining in popularity. Reviews of the CEA literature have been performed in other areas of medicine, including some subspecialties within orthopaedics. Demonstrating the value of medical procedures is of ...
Roman Benjamin R BR Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: Head and Neck Service, New York, New York, USA University of Pennsylvania: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA University of Pennsylvania Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA - - 2014
Guideline development is improved when diverse stakeholders, including patients, specialists, and experts, share power in the process, from defining the scope of the question to the final stages of review. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and Guidelines International Network (G-I-N) have each released best-practice standards for clinical guidelines that place ...
Bieber Thomas T Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Bonn, - - 2014
Moderate to severe forms of atopic dermatitis (AD) have a substantial impact on the quality of life of patients and their relatives, carrying a significant socio-economic burden. They often require a systemic therapy and ciclosporine A (CsA) is the only medicinal product approved for this indication in a limited number ...
Campbell Stephen M SM Centre for Primary Care, Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK; NIHR Greater Manchester Primary Care Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, Institute of Population Health. University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 - - 2014
Quality indicators are increasingly used as a tool to achieve safe and quality clinical care, cost-effective therapy, for professional learning, remuneration, accreditation and financial incentives. A substantial number focus on drug therapy but few address the introduction of new medicines even though this is a burning issue. The objective was ...
Giordano Paola P 1Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Bari, - - 2014
Hemophilias are the most known inherited bleeding disorders. The challenges in the management of hemophilic children are different from those in adults: prophylaxis regimen removed the hallmark of crippling disease with lifelong disabilities; individualized regimens are being implemented in order to overcome venous access problems. Presently, at least in high-income ...
Goldberg Simon B SB Department of Counseling Psychology, University of - - 2014
As mindfulness-based interventions become increasingly widespread, interest has grown in better understanding which features of these treatments produce beneficial effects. The present study examined the relative contribution of mindfulness practice time and practice quality in predicting psychological functioning (negative affect, emotion regulation, quality of life, mindfulness). Data were drawn from ...
Gupta Pooja D PD The Foundation for Medical Research, 84A, RG Thadani Marg, Worli, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
India is among the important megabiodiversity centers of the world with nearly 45,000 known plant species. This diversity coupled with a rich heritage of traditional knowledge has made India a home to several important time-honored systems of health care such as Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. Herbal medicines, however, are associated ...
Shah Rucha R Department of Periodontics, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, - - 2014
Amnion allograft has been used in the field of medicine for its exceptional wound-modulating properties. However, in the field of dentistry, only a limited number of reports have explored its potential in healing of oral wounds. Amnion allograft in conjunction with coronally advanced flap has been used in the management ...
Heusser Peter - - 2014
Integrative medicine (IM) integrates evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) with conventional medicine (CON). Medical schools offer basic CAM electives but in postgraduate medical training (PGMT) little has been done for the integration of CAM. An exception to this is anthroposophic medicine (AM), a western form of CAM based on ...
Bruno R R Pharsight Consulting Services, Pharsight-a Certara Company, Marseille, - - 2014
The mission of the International Society of Pharmacometrics (ISoP) Standards and Best Practices Committee is to provide best practices and recommendations for standard pharmacometric analyses-e.g., population pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD), exposure-response, disease models-with the goal of increasing consistency, productivity, quality, communication, and impact of pharmacometrics on decision making. We present the progress ...
Dutton Richard P RP Anesthesia Quality Institute, 520 North Northwest Highway, Park Ridge, IL 60068, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article provides a review of key concepts in quality management (QM) for ambulatory anesthesia. The importance of collecting data from every case is emphasized, and important outcome measures are recommended. The use of specific data collection tools and methodologies is discussed, including the national registry projects of the Society ...
Su Chun-Xiang CX Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China; School of Nursing, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102, - - 2014
To assess the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of cancer-related fatigue. We systematically searched seven electronic databases and two trial registries for randomized clinical trials of Chinese herbal medicine for cancer-related fatigue. Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the methodological quality of the included ...
Luo Hui - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in the treatment of subacute thyroiditis. Randomized controlled trials found in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and three Chinese databases were selected. RevMan 5.2 software was used to analyze the data with relative risk or mean difference, expressed with 95% of ...
Nikolopoulos Thomas P - - 2014
To assess whether the recently published guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on acute otitis media (AOM) are in line with the requirements set by the GRADE system (grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation system of rating quality of evidence and grading strength of recommendations in systematic ...
Hernandez Lyndon V LV GI Associates and Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
There is increasing demand for colonoscopy quality measures for procedures performed in ambulatory surgery centers. Benchmarks such as adenoma detection rate (ADR) are traditionally reported as static, one-dimensional point estimates at a provider or practice level. To evaluate 6-year variability of ADRs for 370 gastroenterologists from across the nation. Observational ...
Smith Brad B 1Altarum Institute, San Antonio, - - 2014
Quality measures are currently reported almost exclusively at the facility level. Forthcoming physician quality data are expected to be reported primarily at the level of the group practice. Little is known about consumers' understanding of and interest in practice-level measures. The research team conducted 4 focus groups, half with individuals ...
Tabernero Patricia - - 2014
Poor quality medicines threaten the lives of millions of patients and are alarmingly common in many parts of the world. Nevertheless, the global extent of the problem remains unknown. Accurate estimates of the epidemiology of poor quality medicines are sparse and are influenced by sampling methodology and diverse chemical analysis ...
Jones Peter P Adult Emergency Department, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Indicators measuring aspects of performance to assess quality of care are often chosen arbitrarily. The present study aimed to determine what should be considered when selecting healthcare quality indicators, particularly focusing on the application to emergency medicine. Structured searches of electronic databases were supplemented by website searches of quality of ...
Klein Jean-Paul JP Laboratoire Syndibio, Commercy, - - 2014
On the way for the accreditation which should lead us until 2020, we wish to share some reflections stemming from the daily practice concerning the compulsory quality approach for everyone. Several themes as training and skills evaluation, external quality controls, risk management and action plans have a great relevance and ...
Fox Robert J - - 2014
Although it is sometimes hard to define, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) refers to health care approaches that are developed outside of mainstream and conventional medicine.(1) "Complementary" and "alternative" are often used interchangeably, but there are some differences. "Complementary medicine" generally refers to using a nonmainstream approach together with conventional ...
Wagner C C 1 NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The - - 2014
/st>To better understand associations between organizational culture (OC), organizational management structure (OS) and quality management in hospitals. /st>A multi-method, multi-level, cross-sectional observational study. /st>As part of the DUQuE project (Deepening our Understanding of Quality improvement in Europe), a random sample of 188 hospitals in 7 countries (France, Poland, Turkey, Portugal, ...
Luszik-Bhadra M M Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, D-38116 Braunschweig, - - 2014
Personal neutron dosimetry has been performed in Germany using albedo dosemeters for >20 y. This paper describes the main principles, the national standards, regulations and recommendations, the quality management and the overall performance, giving some examples.
Yoshida Naoko - - 2014
Access to good-quality medicines in many countries is largely hindered by the rampant circulation of spurious/falsely labeled/falsified/counterfeit (SFFC) and substandard medicines. In 2006, the Ministry of Health of Cambodia, in collaboration with Kanazawa University, Japan, initiated a project to combat SFFC medicines. To assess the quality of medicines and prevalence ...
Kuijpers Chantal C H J CC Symbiant Pathology Expert Centre, Alkmaar, The - - 2014
Although the autopsy is still the gold standard for quality assessment of clinical diagnoses, autopsy rates have been declining over the last decades to <10%. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of autopsies in the high-tech medicine era by determining the frequency of discrepancies between clinical ...
Pribluda Victor S - - 2014
Recent studies in Guyana and Suriname unveiled diminished efficacy of artemisinin derivatives based on day-3 parasitaemia. The migrant characteristics of the population at risk and the potential development of resistance pose a serious health threat in the region. Assessment of factors that may have contributed to this situation is warranted, ...
Ashiq Samina S Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medicinal plants are widely used as home remedies and raw materials for the pharmaceutical industries. Herbal remedies are used in the prevention, treatment and cure of disorders and diseases since ancient times. However, use of medicinal herbs may not meet the requirements of quality, safety and efficacy. During harvesting, handling, ...
Hurwitz Mark D MD Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Kimmel Cancer Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Bodine Center, Suite G-301, 111 S 11th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2014
Quality is gaining increased attention in medicine including oncology. This heightened focus on quality is long overdue, as noted by the Institute of Medicine over a decade ago. Unfortunately, medical practice including the numerous disciplines of oncology continues to fall short of its 'quality frontier', an analogous concept to the ...
Kragballe Knud K Department of Dermatology, Aarhus University Hospital P.P. Ørumgade 11, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. - - 2014
In the absence of Nordic-wide guidelines on the best practice management of psoriasis, this paper aims to provide Nordic recommendations for treatment goals, evaluation of quality of life impact and assessment/management of co-morbidities. This Delphi approach consisted of telephone interviews, local Nordic face-to-face meetings, and a Nordic-wide meeting, in which ...
Botje Daan D 1 NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The - - 2014
/st>To assess whether there is a relationship between having quality as an item on the board's agenda, perceived external pressure (PEP) and the implementation of quality management in European hospitals. /st>A quantitative, mixed method, cross-sectional study in seven European countries in 2011 surveying CEOs and quality managers and data from ...
Ríos Eddy E aDepartment of Medicine, Research, Capacitation and Management Centre for Evidence-Based Health (CIGES), La Frontera University, Temuco, Chile bIberoamerican Cochrane Centre, Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB-Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain cDivision of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) should provide healthcare practitioners with the best possible evidence. Their quality, however, is often suboptimal. An evaluation of CPGs for the treatment of esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding (VB) has not been performed to date. The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the ...
Thomadsen Bruce R BR Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. Electronic address: - - 2014
This white paper was commissioned by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Board of Directors to evaluate the status of safety and practice guidance for high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy. Given the maturity of HDR brachytherapy technology, this white paper considers, from a safety point of view, the adequacy of general ...
- - 2014
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is a multidisciplinary association dedicated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through professional and public education, research, development of guidelines, and accreditation. To promote this mission, the AIUM is pleased to publish, in conjunction with the American ...
Custers D D Division of Food, Medicines and Consumer Safety, Section Medicinal Products, Scientific Institute of Public Health (WIV-ISP), J. Wytsmanstraat 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium; Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Analysis, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
Counterfeit medicines are a global threat to public health. These pharmaceuticals are not subjected to quality control and therefore their safety, quality and efficacy cannot be guaranteed. Today, the safety evaluation of counterfeit medicines is mainly based on the identification and quantification of the active substances present. However, the analysis ...
Krause Kristine K a Department of Sociology and Anthropology , University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The - - 2014
In this article I analyze different spatial practices related to Pentecostal healing, drawing on fieldwork with Pentecostal believers who have migrated from Ghana to London, UK. I explore the relationship between space and the manifestation of the Holy Spirit by looking at how points of contact with the divine are ...
Brosseau Lucie L School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Clinical practice CPGs (CPGs) have been developed to summarize evidence related to the management of osteoarthritis (OA). CPGs facilitate uptake of evidence-based knowledge by consumers, health professionals, health administrators and policy makers. The objectives of the present review were: 1) to assess the quality of the CPGs on non-pharmacological management ...
Leong Tiong Kung TK Faculty of Management, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, - - 2014
This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS) maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from ...
Kawala Christopher - - 2014
Background:Acne vulgaris is a common chronic disease, and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) can provide credible treatment information.Method:A literature search for acne CPGs published between January 2008 and September 2013 was conducted. Two reviewers independently applied the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument. Methodological quality was ...
Christ-Neumann Marie-Luise ML Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung e. V. Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems (IAIS) Schloss Birlinghoven, 53754 Sankt Augustin, - - 2014
Usability testing methods are nowadays integrated into the design and development of health-care software, and the need for usability in health-care information technology (IT) is widely accepted by clinicians and researchers. Usability assessment starts with the identification of specific objectives that need to be tested and continues with the definition ...
- - 2014
The Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations works towards clear, independent and practical standards and guidelines for the quality assurance of medicines. Standards are developed by the Committee through worldwide consultation and an international consensus-building process. The following new guidelines were adopted and recommended for use, in addition to ...
Cruse Peggy P a National Jewish Health's Tucker Medical Library , Denver , Colorado , - - 2014
Librarians have become more involved in developing high quality systematic reviews. Evidence-based practice guidelines are an extension of systematic reviews and offer another significant area for librarian involvement. This column highlights opportunities and challenges for the librarian working on guideline panels and provides practical considerations for meaningful contributions to the ...
Liu Lin-Sheng LS Department of Pharmacy, Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Foshan 528000, Guangdong, China. - - 2014
Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murray is mainly distributed throughout Asia, Oceania and North America and is used as an important herbal medicine. H. japonicum contains many valuable secondary metabolites, such as flavonoids, phloroglucinols and xanthones and has hepatoprotective, anti-tumor, antibacterial, antiviral, and antioxidant activities and effects on the cardiovascular system ...
Poder Thomas G TG UETMIS - CHUS. - - 2014
The effects of cancer and associated treatments have a considerable impact on the well-being and quality of life of pediatric oncology patients. To support children and their families, complementary and alternative medicines are seen by nurses and doctors as practical to integrate to the services offered by hospitals. The purpose ...
Su Chun-Xiang - - 2013
Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss has great impact on quality of life. Many clinical trials using Chinese herbal medicine for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss have been conducted and reported beneficial results. However, there is no critical appraised evidence on efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for idiopathic sudden ...
Donaldson Holly H Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Identifying and conducting "best practice" medicine is arguably the ubiquitous goal of practitioners. However, to distill the many available quality standards, guidelines, recommendations, and indicators down to a best practice set requires a logical schema to group standards addressing similar quality issues and, from manageable lists of related standards, to ...
Jensen Jani R - - 2013
Approximately 10% to 15% of all deliveries in the United States are performed before 39 completed weeks of gestation without a true medical indication for early delivery, despite long-standing recommendations against this practice. Early-term deliveries are those that occur between 3707 and 3867 weeks. It is now recognized that maternal ...
Feuerstein Joseph D - - 2013
The practice guidelines published by the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) are used to establish standards of care and improve patient outcomes. We examined the guidelines for quality of evidence, methods of grading evidence, and conflicts of interest (COIs). All 81 (AGA and ACG) ...
Rosenmayr-Templeton Louise - - 2013
This article provides a snapshot of the news stories from the world of therapeutic delivery in the period 1-31 August 2013. During this month, the Boards of Amgen and Onyx Pharmaceuticals gave their approval to the purchase by Amgen of Onyx's outstanding shares in a deal worth US$10.4 billion, or ...
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