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Tabernero Patricia - - 2014
Poor quality medicines threaten the lives of millions of patients and are alarmingly common in many parts of the world. Nevertheless, the global extent of the problem remains unknown. Accurate estimates of the epidemiology of poor quality medicines are sparse and are influenced by sampling methodology and diverse chemical analysis ...
Jones Peter P Adult Emergency Department, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Indicators measuring aspects of performance to assess quality of care are often chosen arbitrarily. The present study aimed to determine what should be considered when selecting healthcare quality indicators, particularly focusing on the application to emergency medicine. Structured searches of electronic databases were supplemented by website searches of quality of ...
Fox Robert J - - 2014
Although it is sometimes hard to define, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) refers to health care approaches that are developed outside of mainstream and conventional medicine.(1) "Complementary" and "alternative" are often used interchangeably, but there are some differences. "Complementary medicine" generally refers to using a nonmainstream approach together with conventional ...
Wagner C C 1 NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The - - 2014
/st>To better understand associations between organizational culture (OC), organizational management structure (OS) and quality management in hospitals. /st>A multi-method, multi-level, cross-sectional observational study. /st>As part of the DUQuE project (Deepening our Understanding of Quality improvement in Europe), a random sample of 188 hospitals in 7 countries (France, Poland, Turkey, Portugal, ...
Luszik-Bhadra M M Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Bundesallee 100, D-38116 Braunschweig, - - 2014
Personal neutron dosimetry has been performed in Germany using albedo dosemeters for >20 y. This paper describes the main principles, the national standards, regulations and recommendations, the quality management and the overall performance, giving some examples.
Yoshida Naoko - - 2014
Access to good-quality medicines in many countries is largely hindered by the rampant circulation of spurious/falsely labeled/falsified/counterfeit (SFFC) and substandard medicines. In 2006, the Ministry of Health of Cambodia, in collaboration with Kanazawa University, Japan, initiated a project to combat SFFC medicines. To assess the quality of medicines and prevalence ...
Kuijpers Chantal C H J CC Symbiant Pathology Expert Centre, Alkmaar, The - - 2014
Although the autopsy is still the gold standard for quality assessment of clinical diagnoses, autopsy rates have been declining over the last decades to <10%. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of autopsies in the high-tech medicine era by determining the frequency of discrepancies between clinical ...
Pribluda Victor S - - 2014
Recent studies in Guyana and Suriname unveiled diminished efficacy of artemisinin derivatives based on day-3 parasitaemia. The migrant characteristics of the population at risk and the potential development of resistance pose a serious health threat in the region. Assessment of factors that may have contributed to this situation is warranted, ...
Ashiq Samina S Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medicinal plants are widely used as home remedies and raw materials for the pharmaceutical industries. Herbal remedies are used in the prevention, treatment and cure of disorders and diseases since ancient times. However, use of medicinal herbs may not meet the requirements of quality, safety and efficacy. During harvesting, handling, ...
Kragballe Knud K Department of Dermatology, Aarhus University Hospital P.P. Ørumgade 11, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. - - 2014
In the absence of Nordic-wide guidelines on the best practice management of psoriasis, this paper aims to provide Nordic recommendations for treatment goals, evaluation of quality of life impact and assessment/management of co-morbidities. This Delphi approach consisted of telephone interviews, local Nordic face-to-face meetings, and a Nordic-wide meeting, in which ...
Botje Daan D 1 NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The - - 2014
/st>To assess whether there is a relationship between having quality as an item on the board's agenda, perceived external pressure (PEP) and the implementation of quality management in European hospitals. /st>A quantitative, mixed method, cross-sectional study in seven European countries in 2011 surveying CEOs and quality managers and data from ...
Ríos Eddy E aDepartment of Medicine, Research, Capacitation and Management Centre for Evidence-Based Health (CIGES), La Frontera University, Temuco, Chile bIberoamerican Cochrane Centre, Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB-Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain cDivision of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) should provide healthcare practitioners with the best possible evidence. Their quality, however, is often suboptimal. An evaluation of CPGs for the treatment of esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding (VB) has not been performed to date. The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the ...
- - 2014
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is a multidisciplinary association dedicated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through professional and public education, research, development of guidelines, and accreditation. To promote this mission, the AIUM is pleased to publish, in conjunction with the American ...
Custers D D Division of Food, Medicines and Consumer Safety, Section Medicinal Products, Scientific Institute of Public Health (WIV-ISP), J. Wytsmanstraat 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium; Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Analysis, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, - - 2014
Counterfeit medicines are a global threat to public health. These pharmaceuticals are not subjected to quality control and therefore their safety, quality and efficacy cannot be guaranteed. Today, the safety evaluation of counterfeit medicines is mainly based on the identification and quantification of the active substances present. However, the analysis ...
Krause Kristine K a Department of Sociology and Anthropology , University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , The - - 2014
In this article I analyze different spatial practices related to Pentecostal healing, drawing on fieldwork with Pentecostal believers who have migrated from Ghana to London, UK. I explore the relationship between space and the manifestation of the Holy Spirit by looking at how points of contact with the divine are ...
Brosseau Lucie L School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Clinical practice CPGs (CPGs) have been developed to summarize evidence related to the management of osteoarthritis (OA). CPGs facilitate uptake of evidence-based knowledge by consumers, health professionals, health administrators and policy makers. The objectives of the present review were: 1) to assess the quality of the CPGs on non-pharmacological management ...
Christ-Neumann Marie-Luise ML Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung e. V. Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems (IAIS) Schloss Birlinghoven, 53754 Sankt Augustin, - - 2014
Usability testing methods are nowadays integrated into the design and development of health-care software, and the need for usability in health-care information technology (IT) is widely accepted by clinicians and researchers. Usability assessment starts with the identification of specific objectives that need to be tested and continues with the definition ...
Leong Tiong Kung TK Faculty of Management, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, - - 2014
This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS) maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from ...
Poder Thomas G TG UETMIS - CHUS. - - 2014
The effects of cancer and associated treatments have a considerable impact on the well-being and quality of life of pediatric oncology patients. To support children and their families, complementary and alternative medicines are seen by nurses and doctors as practical to integrate to the services offered by hospitals. The purpose ...
Su Chun-Xiang - - 2013
Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss has great impact on quality of life. Many clinical trials using Chinese herbal medicine for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss have been conducted and reported beneficial results. However, there is no critical appraised evidence on efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for idiopathic sudden ...
Jensen Jani R - - 2013
Approximately 10% to 15% of all deliveries in the United States are performed before 39 completed weeks of gestation without a true medical indication for early delivery, despite long-standing recommendations against this practice. Early-term deliveries are those that occur between 3707 and 3867 weeks. It is now recognized that maternal ...
Feuerstein Joseph D - - 2013
The practice guidelines published by the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) and the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) are used to establish standards of care and improve patient outcomes. We examined the guidelines for quality of evidence, methods of grading evidence, and conflicts of interest (COIs). All 81 (AGA and ACG) ...
Rosenmayr-Templeton Louise - - 2013
This article provides a snapshot of the news stories from the world of therapeutic delivery in the period 1-31 August 2013. During this month, the Boards of Amgen and Onyx Pharmaceuticals gave their approval to the purchase by Amgen of Onyx's outstanding shares in a deal worth US$10.4 billion, or ...
Calnan Nuala - - 2013
This article is the first in a series of articles that will focus on understanding the implementation essentials necessary to deliver operational excellence through a International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) Q10-based pharmaceutical quality system (PQS). The authors examine why, despite ...
Song Xin-Yue XY Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, - - 2013
Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) are in great demand all over the world, especially in the developing world, for primary health care due to their superior merits such as low cost, minimal side effects, better cultural acceptability, and compatibility with humans. However, Chinese medicines consist of several herbs which may contain ...
Tavakoly Sany Seyedeh Belin - - 2013
The basic aim of this work is (1) to review and present practically operational requirements for a sustainability assessment of marine environment, such as describing the monitoring process, research approaches, objectives, guidelines, and indicators and (2) to illustrate how physico-chemical and biological indicators can be practically applied, to assess water ...
Mosadeghrad Ali Mohammad AM Health Management and Economics Research Centre, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Background: A model of quality management called Strategic Collaborative Quality Management (SCQM) model was developed based on the quality management literature review, the findings of a survey on quality management assessment in healthcare organisations, semi-structured interviews with healthcare stakeholders, and a Delphi study on healthcare quality management experts. The purpose ...
Chen Wei - - 2013
Chinese herbal medicine is frequently used for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy in China. Many controlled trials have been undertaken to investigate its efficacy.This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in the year 2011. To assess the beneficial effects and harms of Chinese herbal medicine for ...
Li C - - 2013
The Society of Dental Education, Chinese Stomatological Association has formulated the Standards of Clinical Practice for Chinese Undergraduate Students Majoring in Stomatology, on the basis of extensively soliciting the views of experts in various fields. The aim of this standard is to guide clinical teaching and improve teaching quality in ...
Pan Sharadwata - - 2013
Today, there is an increasing worldwide demand for botanicals. Developing countries heavily rely on plant-derived medicines for their primary healthcare. One reason amongst many is the relatively inexpensive process economics and the lack of stringent product governance associated with the exploitation of traditional plant medicines compared with modern medicine. Developed ...
Schoenmaker Nikki J - - 2013
Clinical practice guidelines aim to improve the quality of care, yet for users of guidelines it is often not clear how these guidelines were developed and whether the recommendations are robust. We aimed to identify all current published guidelines for the management of children on chronic dialysis, assess the quality ...
Nagler Evi V - - 2013
The prime mission of European Renal Best Practice (ERBP) is to improve the outcome of patients with kidney disease in a sustainable way through enhancing the availability of the knowledge on the management of these patients in a format that stimulates its use in clinical practice in Europe. A key ...
Merseburger Tobias - - 2013
: Quality management systems are, as a rule, tightly defined systems that conserve existing processes and therefore guarantee compliance with quality standards. But maintaining quality also includes introducing new enhanced production methods and making use of the latest findings of bioscience. The advances in biotechnology and single-use manufacturing methods for ...
Wang Jie - - 2013
To systematically assess the current clinical evidence of acupuncture for hypertension. The PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Wan-fang Data in the Cochrane Library were searched until January, 2013. All the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on acupuncture ...
Krska Janet - - 2013
Background Polypharmacy is increasing and managing large number of medicines may create a burden for patients. Many patients have negative views of medicines and their use can adversely affect quality of life. No studies have specifically explored the impact of general long-term medicines use on quality of life. Objective To ...
Xiao Jian-Hui - - 2013
Cordyceps, a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, is an endoparasitic and/or symbiotic macrofungus in the body of insect and other arthropod, and has received increasing attention worldwide due to its rarity and outstanding curative effects for different diseases. Recent years, however, the counterfeits and mimics of Cordyceps are frequently found in ...
Damiani Gianfranco - - 2013
Since the 1970s, many countries have employed the use of the General practitioner group practice, but there is contrasting evidence about its effectiveness. A systematic review was performed to assess whether group practice has a more positive impact compared with the single-handed practice on different aspects of health care. A ...
Moss Esther L - - 2013
Optimization of colposcopy practice requires a program of quality assurance including the monitoring of performance indicators. The European Federation of Colposcopy (EFC) aimed to identify a list of quality indicators for colposcopic practice, which are relevant, reproducible and practical across all of the member countries. A five-round Delphi consultation was ...
Olex Stephen - - 2013
Meditation refers to a family of practices that may share many similarities, but can have differences in underlying methods and goals. Religious and spiritual associations are common but are not requisite for meditation practice and it should be recognized that the basis of many if not all practices is the ...
Eaves Felmont F FF - - 2013
Applying the principles of evidence-based medicine has the potential to drastically improve quality of care and patient outcomes. For this reason, evidence-based medicine has been held as one of the 15 most important developments in medicine within the past 100 years. In August of 2010, a broad coalition of leaders ...
Eaves Felmont F - - 2013
Applying the principles of evidence-based medicine has the potential to drastically improve quality of care and patient outcomes. For this reason, evidence-based medicine has been held as one of the 15 most important developments in medicine within the past 100 years. In August of 2010, a broad coalition of leaders ...
Tarannum Asira A Department of Ilmul Saidla (Unani Pharmacy), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2013
Unani medicines are being used since antiquity. However, in spite of their efficacy, they have been widely criticized due to lack of standardization and poor quality presentation. For this reason, application of good manufacturing practices and development of standard operating procedures (SOPs) in the manufacture of herbal medicines became an ...
Pani Luca - - 2013
The use of biotech medicines is increasing, with consequent mounting expenses for National Health Systems (NHSs). Biosimilars should be considered an opportunity to improve access to care. On the other side, the general public might suspect to receive low-quality medicines to save money. Actually, no drugs with a lesser degree ...
Ning Zhangchi - - 2013
The curative effects of traditional Chinese medicines are principally based on the synergic effect of their multi-targeting, multi-ingredient preparations, in contrast to modern pharmacology and drug development that often focus on a single chemical entity. Therefore, the method employing a few markers or pharmacologically active constituents to assess the quality ...
Menzies Robert - - 2013
The oral examination is performed in equids to assess and monitor oral health status, provide diagnoses, and determine efficacy of treatments. While there is currently insufficient scientific material of adequate quality to enable evidence-based medicine in equine dentistry, this by no means negates the clinician's responsibility to provide oral health ...
Grant Aileen - - 2013
Prescribing is a core activity for general practitioners, yet significant variation in the quality of prescribing has been reported. This suggests there may be room for improvement in the application of the current best research evidence. There has been substantial investment in technologies and interventions to address this issue, but ...
Tay Kay Chai Peter KC Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Psychology Department, School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, - - 2014
Self-management programmes have previously been found to decrease health problems, enhance quality of life and increase independence. However, there is no literature that examines the influence of the participants' intrinsic motivation on the outcomes of such programmes. This study examined the role of intrinsic motivation in a pilot low vision ...
Ma Chun Ho - - 2013
Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but its efficacy and safety remain to be examined. To compare the efficacy and adverse events of Chinese herbal medicine alone or used adjuvantly with Western medications for BPH. Two independent reviewers searched the major electronic ...
Fulga Netta - - 2013
: Quality management and accreditation in the analytical laboratory setting are developing rapidly and becoming the standard worldwide. Quality management refers to all the activities used by organizations to ensure product or service consistency. Accreditation is a formal recognition by an authoritative regulatory body that a laboratory is competent to ...
Brenta Gabriela - - 2013
Hypothyroidism has long been known for its effects on different organ systems, leading to hypometabolism. However, subclinical hypothyroidism, its most prevalent form, has been recently related to cardiovascular risk and also to maternal-fetal complications in pregnant women. In these clinical practice guidelines, several aspects of this field have been discussed ...
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